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1.
Ann Nucl Med ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative amnesia after surgery for anterior communicating artery aneurysm might be associated with the damage of the basal forebrain. Our purpose was to verify whether decreased regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in basal forebrain could be related to the degree of postoperative amnesia. METHODS: Regional voxel rCBF data analyzed using three-dimensional stereotactic surface projection on 123I-IMP-SPECT were compared between ten patients with postoperative amnesia and 13 normal subjects. The Severity (average Z score of the voxels with a Z score that exceeds a threshold value of 2) was calculated. The cerebral lobes with rCBF exhibiting Severity > 2 in all patients were identified. In these lobes, we then examined whether there was a gyrus exhibiting Severity that was negatively related to memory quotients (MQs). RESULTS: In the right subcallosal gyrus, there was a significant negative correlation between Severity and visual MQ (ρ= - 0.884, p = 0.0007) or general MQ (ρ =- 0.853, p = 0.0017). In the right anterior cingulate gyrus, there was a significant negative correlation between Severity and verbal MQ (ρ = - 0.769, p = 0.0092). In the right rectal gyrus, there was a significant negative correlation between Severity and general MQ (ρ = - 0.811, p = 0.0044). No significant correlations were found between Severity in other brain regions and verbal, visual, or general MQ. CONCLUSIONS: The decreased rCBF in the subcallosal gyrus included in the basal forebrain, anterior cingulate gyrus, and the rectal gyrus in the right hemisphere was related to postoperative amnesia.

2.
Intern Med ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956203

RESUMO

We report a case in which diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) demonstrated renal artery stenosis-related renal ischemia and the therapeutic efficacy of revascularization. The patient was a 73-year-old man, who underwent descending thoracic aortic replacement due to DeBakey IIIb chronic aortic dissection, and who showed progressive renal dysfunction due to right renal artery stenosis caused by false lumen thrombosis. DWI demonstrated a decreased apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the right kidney, indicating renal ischemia. Angioplasty with stenting restored renal perfusion and improved the renal function, resulting in the normalization of the decreased ADC in the treated kidney. Thus, DWI can be used to monitor renal ischemia in cases involving advanced renal artery stenosis.

3.
Ann Nucl Med ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical implication of the myocardial FDG uptake patterns by comparing with the results of stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) as the reference standard. METHODS: By reviewing the medical records, 86 pairs of stress MPI and FDG PET/CT of 84 patients who underwent stress MPI and oncologic FDG PET/CT in 1 month were included in this study. The patterns of the myocardial FDG uptake were classified into five patterns such as 'low', 'diffuse', 'basal ring', 'focal high', and 'focal defect on diffuse high'. MPI was evaluated using a 5-point scoring model ranging from 0 (normal uptake) to 4 (uptake absent) based on the 17-segment model. The summed stress score of 4 or higher was defined as 'abnormal MPI'. Factors predictive of abnormal MPI were analyzed using a log-rank multivariate test and p < 0.05 was set as significant. RESULTS: Abnormal MPI was observed in only 16 of 36 (44%) patients with 'low' pattern, 10 of 23 (43%) patients with 'diffuse high' pattern, and 1 of 9 (11%) patients with 'basal ring' pattern, but in 8 of 9 (89%) patients with 'focal high' pattern, and 8 of 9 (89%) patients with 'focal defect on diffuse high' pattern. The log-rank multivariate test revealed that 'focal high' and 'focal defect on diffuse high' pattern were correlated with an abnormal MPI. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that further cardiac work-up might be helpful in the patients with 'focal high' pattern or 'focal defect on diffuse high' pattern of myocardial FDG at oncologic PET. A prospective study should be needed to further support this conclusion.

4.
Psychosom Med ; 82(1): 29-38, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated associations between alexithymia and physiological mechanisms in psychosomatic diseases. We examined associations between alexithymia and 1) perception and brain processing of visceral stimulation and 2) the endocrine responses to corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) in healthy individuals and patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: The study included 29 patients with IBS and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). Alexithymia was measured using the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Brain responses to rectal distention and its anticipation were measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging and analyzed at a voxel-level threshold of puncorrected < .001 combined with a cluster-level threshold of pFWE-corrected < .05. On a different day, plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol responses after intravenous CRH administration were measured. RESULTS: TAS-20 scores did not differ significantly between patients with IBS and HCs (p = .18). TAS-20 scores correlated positively with the individual rectal discomfort thresholds (ßrobust = 0.49, p = .03) and negatively with the rating of fear before rectal distention (ßrobust = -1.63, p = .04) in patients with IBS but not in HCs. Brain responses to rectal distention in the right insula and other brain regions were positively associated with TAS-20 scores to a greater extent in patients with IBS than in HCs. Individuals with higher TAS-20 scores (both patients with IBS and HCs) demonstrated stronger adrenocorticotropic hormone responses to CRH administration (F(4,224) = 3.54, p = .008). CONCLUSION: Higher alexithymia scores are associated with stronger physiological responses, but lower anticipatory fear ratings and higher discomfort thresholds, particularly in patients with IBS.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848874

RESUMO

Early neurological deterioration (END) following intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) treatment is a serious clinical event that can be caused by hemorrhagic or ischemic insult. We investigated the differences in predictive factors for END due to hemorrhagic and END due to ischemic insults. Consecutive patients from four hospitals who received 0.6 mg/kg intravenous rt-PA for acute ischemic stroke were retrospectively recruited. END was defined as a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≥ 4 points within 24 h compared with baseline. END was classified into those due to hemorrhagic (ENDh) or ischemic (ENDi) insult based on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging. Risk factors associated with ENDh and ENDi were investigated by comparison with non-END cases. A total of 744 patients (452 men, median 75 years old) were included. END was observed in 79 patients (10.6%), including 22 ENDh (3.0%) and 57 ENDi (7.7%), which occurred within a median of 7 h after treatment. Multivariate analyses showed that higher pretreatment NIHSS score (odds ratio [OR] 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-1.13) and pretreatment with antiplatelets (OR 2.84, 95% CI 1.08-7.72) were associated with ENDh. Extensive early ischemic change (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score ≤ 7 on CT or ≤ 6 on diffusion-weighted imaging; OR 2.80, 95% CI 1.36-5.64) and large artery occlusions (OR 3.09, 95% CI 1.53-6.57) were associated with ENDi. Distinct factors were predictive for the END subtypes. These findings could help develop preventative measures for END in patients with the identified risk factors.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745858

RESUMO

The Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) is widely used for the assessment of early ischemic changes (EICs) before thrombolysis. However, for symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) following intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), the prediction abilities of CT-ASPECTS, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-ASPECTS, and DWI-ASPECTS including EICs in deep white matter (DWI-ASPECTS + W) are unclear. We investigated associations between each score and sICH following intravenous rt-PA. Data from consecutive patients who received intravenous rt-PA for acute ischemic stroke from 2005 to 2015 in four hospitals were retrospectively screened. We included data from patients who had undergone both CT and magnetic resonance imaging before thrombolysis and without evidence of posterior circulation stroke. We analyzed the ability of CT-ASPECTS, DWI-ASPECTS, and DWI-ASPECTS + W to predict sICH, accompanied by an increase in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score of ≥ 4 within the initial 36 h. Of 455 patients (273 men, median 75 years old), sICH occurred in 15 patients (3.3%). Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-offs of CT-ASPECTS, DWI-ASPECTS, and DWI-ASPECTS + W for predicting sICH were ≤ 9 (sensitivity 60.0%, specificity 59.8%, c-statistic 0.625), ≤ 6 (sensitivity 53.3%, specificity 80.9%, c-statistic 0.718), and ≤ 8 (sensitivity 86.7%, specificity 55.9%, c-statistic 0.756), respectively. A DWI-ASPECTS + W of ≤ 8 was independently associated with sICH (odds ratio 5.21, 95% confidence interval 1.30-35.31) after adjustment for pretreatment with antithrombotic agents, pretreatment NIHSS score, and large artery occlusions. DWI-ASPECTS + W predicted sICH in patients with acute anterior circulation stroke receiving intravenous rt-PA.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17940, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702683

RESUMO

Venous air embolism (VAE) can be observed in the right heart system on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), following injection of contrast media with a power injector system. Although most VAEs are mostly asymptomatic, they may result in paradoxical air embolism (PAE).To evaluate whether the incidence of VAE on coronary CT angiography is associated with the process of preparation of the intravenous access route.We retrospectively evaluated 692 coronary CT examinations at 3 institutions. Trained CT nurses placed an intravenous cannula in the forearm. Tubes connected to the cannula were prepared in the following ways: A, using an interposed three-way cock and a 20-mL syringe filled with normal saline to collect air contamination in the tube; B, through direct connection to the power injector system without the interposed 3-way cock; and C, using an interposed three-way cock and a 100-mL normal saline drip infusion bottle system to keep the tube patent. The incidence and location of VAE and preparation of intravenous injection were assessed.The overall incidence of VAE was 55.3% (383/692), most frequently observed in the right atrium (81.5%, 312/383). Its incidence varied significantly across the 3 techniques (A: 21.6% (35/162), B: 63.2% (237/375) and C: 71.6% (111/155); P < .001). No patient demonstrated any symptom associated with VAE.Using a 3-way cock with syringe demonstrated the lowest incidence of VAE on coronary CT angiography. It is thus recommended to reduce potential complication risks related to intravenous contrast media injection.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/efeitos adversos , Embolia Aérea/etiologia , Embolia Paradoxal/etiologia , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Embolia Aérea/complicações , Embolia Aérea/epidemiologia , Embolia Paradoxal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas/efeitos adversos , Injeções Intravenosas/instrumentação , Injeções Intravenosas/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(11): 104305, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) has become a common treatment for acute ischemic stroke and has highly time-dependent benefits. We aimed to clarify temporal trends regarding the frequency and characteristics of patients receiving rt-PA and explore factors associated with door-to-needle time (DNT) in Japanese emergency hospitals. METHODS: Consecutive patients who received intravenous rt-PA for acute ischemic stroke from October 2005 to December 2015 were retrospectively registered from 4 hospitals. Temporal trends in the frequency and characteristics of patients receiving rt-PA and factors associated with DNT were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 750 patients, including 688 (420 men, median 75 years old) with out-of-hospital stroke, were registered. The frequency of patients receiving intravenous rt-PA for acute ischemic stroke continuously increased from 1.8% in 2005 to 9.5% in 2015. The proportion of patients who were elderly or had prestroke disability increased over time, while pretreatment stroke severity declined. The DNT gradually decreased (median 105 minutes in 2005, 61 minutes in 2015). According to multivariate regression analysis with correction for multiple comparisons, activation of a code stroke system (standardized partial regression coefficient (ß) -.50, P < .001, q < .001), onset-to-door time (ß -.15, P < .001, q < .001), pretreatment with antithrombotic agents (ß .12, P < .001, q = .001), and year of treatment (ß .11, P = .007, q = .011) were associated with DNT. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous rt-PA was widely adopted in Japanese emergency hospitals. Characteristics of patients receiving intravenous rt-PA have changed over the past decade. Several factors, including the year of treatment, were associated with DNT, which has shortened over time.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/tendências , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica/tendências , Tempo para o Tratamento/tendências , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221244, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454365

RESUMO

Intrarenal Doppler ultrasonography is a non-invasive method to evaluate the renal blood flow in patients with renal arterial stenosis as well as chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Until recently, the relationship between ultrasonography findings and CKD stage has not been fully understood. Overall, 162 patients with CKD without apparent renal arterial stenosis were included in this study, and the pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasonography findings were evaluated in terms of the following parameters: peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), and resistive index (RI) at the renal arterial trunk, hilum, segmental, and interlobar regions. Age showed a significant negative correlation with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), kidney size, and aortic PSV. Additionally, age showed a significant positive correlation with RI in all 4 regions. The eGFR showed a positive correlation with the aortic PSV and kidney size, but a negative correlation with RI. Both age and eGFR were found to be independently associated with aortic blood flow. On the intrarenal ultrasound, EDV and RI showed stronger correlations with eGFR than PSV, suggesting that the former indices would be better markers of renal function. In particular, the interlobar EDV was found to be the best index that reflects renal function. Although the RI is also a good marker of renal function, it is confounded by age; thus, its utility would be weaker than that of the EDV. In conclusion, intrarenal pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasonography is a useful tool to estimate and evaluate the renal function; the interlobar EDV may be the best index to estimate the effective perfusion and filtration of the kidneys.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323320

RESUMO

This study investigated hemodynamic changes in the thoracic aorta and aortic arch branches before and after aortic valve replacement (AVR) by 4D-flow MRI in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS). Thoracic 4D-flow MRI was performed in 10 AS patients before and after AVR (mean 27 ± 1.9 days). Fifteen aortic planes and 3 aortic arch branches planes were set to evaluate the mean volume flow rate in each plane during a cardiac cycle and the angle between the main flow direction in a specified plane and the axial direction of the aorta. We also focused on the distribution and magnitude of helicity density to evaluate the flow complexity. A significant increase in the volume flow rate after AVR was found in the ascending aorta (before 59.2 ± 8.7 mL/s vs after 77.3 ± 6.2 mL/s, P < 0.05) and the aortic arch branches (before 26.5 ± 2.8 mL/s vs after 35.8 ± 3.3 mL/s, P < 0.001). The flow angle significantly decreased in the ascending aorta (before 39.2 ± 2.7 degree vs after 25.2 ± 1.7°, P < 0.0001) and the arch aorta (before 19.3 ± 2.0 degree vs after 13.4 ± 0.9°, P < 0.001). The volume flow rate in the ascending aorta and the arch branches increased within 1 month after AVR, showing an increased blood supply to the upper body, including to the brain. The postoperative change was accompanied with an increased blood flow in the ascending aorta and a decreased flow complexity proximal to the arch branches.

11.
Magn Reson Med Sci ; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292313

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of an empirical mathematical model (EMM) to fit dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) data of hand and wrist synovitis and whether parameters of EMM are significantly correlated with clinical disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive patients with RA prospectively underwent Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved DCE-MRI scans with temporal resolution of 20 s using a 1.5T system. ROIs were placed where the highest signal increase was observed and the kinetic curves were analyzed using an EMM: ΔS(t) = A(1 - e-α t) e-ßt, where ΔS is relative enhancement, t is time from when the signal increase was first observed, starting from baseline (ΔS = 0), A is the upper limit of signal intensity, α (s-1) is the rate of signal increase, and ß (s-1) is the rate of signal decrease during washout. The initial slope of the kinetic curve (Aα), the initial area under the curve (AUC30), the time at which the kinetic curve reached its peak (Tpeak) and the signal enhancement ratio (SER) defined as the change in signal intensity between the initial and delayed time points (t = 60 and 300 s, respectively) were calculated. RA magnetic resonance imaging scores (RAMRIS) with and without contrast media were evaluated. These parameters or scores were compared with the Disease Activity Score (DAS) 28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). RESULTS: A showed a significant correlation with DAS28-ESR (r = 0.58; P = 0.0005). ß, AUC30 and Tpeak were also significantly correlated with DAS28-ESR with a lesser degree (r = 0.49; P = 0.0051, r = 0.50; P = 0.0038 and r = -0.51; P = 0.0028, respectively), whereas α, Aα, SER and RAMRIS were not. CONCLUSION: EMM could fit the DCE-MRI data of hand and wrist synovitis. AUC30 obtained from the uptake phase of the kinetic curve as well as A, ß and Tpeak obtained throughout the kinetic curve might be effective to predict the clinical disease activity.

12.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(4): 563-567, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values obtained from diffusion-weighted imaging allow differentiation between infantile hemangiomas (IHs) and malignant soft tissue tumors. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on magnetic resonance images of pediatric patients with IHs and malignant soft tissue tumors from January 2014 to December 2016, which comprised 7 patients with 8 IHs and 6 patients with 6 malignant soft tissue tumors. We calculated and compared the ADC values of each lesion. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine a cutoff value for the ADC. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between the ADC values of IHs and those of malignant soft tissue tumors (1.32 [1.27-1.72] × 10 mm/s vs 0.67 [0.57-0.79] × 10 mm/s; P < 0.001), with no overlap between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The ADC values obtained from diffusion-weighted imaging were useful in differentiating IHs from malignant soft tissue tumors in pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Hemangioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 7358, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089154

RESUMO

The nociceptive and autonomic nervous systems (ANS) are significantly intertwined. Decoupling of these systems may occur in pathological pain conditions, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We investigated ANS activity and its association with visceral perception and brain activity during rectal distention in 27 patients with non-constipated IBS and 33 controls by assessing heart rate variability (HRV) using electrocardiography at rest, before, and during colorectal distention. Brain responses to colorectal distention were measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging and correlated with individual ANS function parameters. The IBS group displayed blunted sympathovagal balance [low/high-frequency ratio (LF:HF) of HRV] in response to colorectal distention compared with controls (P = 0.003). In controls, basal parasympathetic tone (HF component of HRV) was significantly negatively correlated with toleration threshold to the rectal distention, but not in patients with IBS (group comparison P = 0.04). Further, a positive correlation between baseline HF values and neural responses to rectal distension was found in the right caudate, bilateral dorsolateral anterior cingulate cortex, and pregenual anterior cingulate cortex in the control group but not in the IBS group. The results indicate abnormal interactions between ANS activity and the brain mechanisms underlying visceral perception in patients with IBS.

15.
Endocr Connect ; 8(5): 454-461, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959487

RESUMO

Objective: Regional differences in cardiac magnetic resonance, which can reveal catecholamine-induced myocardial injury in patients with pheochromocytoma, have not yet been assessed using 3T magnetic resonance imaging. We evaluated these differences using myocardial T1-mapping and strain analysis. Design and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 16 patients newly diagnosed with catecholamine-producing tumors (CPT group) and 16 patients with essential hypertension (EH group), who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging between May 2016 and March 2018. We acquired 3T magnetic resonance cine and native T1-mapping images and performed feature-tracking-based strain analysis in the former. Results: Global cardiac function, morphology, global strain and peak strain rate were similar, but end-diastolic wall thickness differed between groups (CPT vs EH: 10.5 ± 1.7 vs 12.6 ± 2.8 mm; P < 0.05). Basal, but not apical, circumferential strain was significantly higher in the CPT than the EH group (19.4 ± 3.2 vs 16.8 ± 3.6 %; P < 0.05). Native T1 values were significantly higher in CPT than in EH patients, in both the basal septum (1307 ± 48 vs 1241 ± 45 ms; P < 0.01) and the apical septum (1377 ± 59 vs 1265 ± 58 ms; P < 0.01) mid-walls. In the CPT, but not in the EH group, native T1 values in the apical wall were significantly higher than those in the basal wall (P < 0.01). Conclusion: 3T magnetic resonance-based T1-mapping can sensitively detect subclinical catecholamine-induced myocardial injury; the influence of catecholamines may be greater in the apical than in the basal wall.

16.
Radiol Case Rep ; 14(6): 687-691, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30976369

RESUMO

We report a case of asymptomatic iatrogenic air bubbles in the left ventricle observed by coronary computed tomographic angiography. Air bubbles are rarely found in the left ventricle and could prove fatal should they migrate to the brain or coronary arteries. We believe that the cause is micro air bubbles in the tubing system between the intravenous catheter and power injector.

17.
Hypertension ; 73(6): 1283-1290, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006333

RESUMO

Peripheral 18-oxocortisol (18oxoF) level could contribute to the detection of aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) in patients with primary aldosteronism. However, peripheral 18oxoF varies among such patients, which is a big drawback concerning its clinical application. We studied 48 cases of APA, 35 harboring KCNJ5 mutation, to clarify the significance of clinical and pathological parameters about peripheral 18oxoF. Peripheral 18oxoF concentration ranged widely from 0.50 to 183.13 ng/dL and correlated positively with intratumoral areas stained positively for steroidogenic enzymes ( P<0.0001). The peripheral 18oxoF level also correlated significantly with that of circulating aldosterone ( P<0.0001) but not with that of cortisol, a precursor of 18oxoF. However, a significant correlation was detected between peripheral 18oxoF and intratumoral glucocorticoids ( P<0.05). In addition, peripheral 18oxoF correlated positively with the number of hybrid cells double positive for 11ß-hydroxylase and aldosterone synthase ( P<0.0001). Comparing between the cases with and those without KCNJ5 mutation, the KCNJ5-mutated group demonstrated a significantly higher concentration of peripheral 18oxoF (28.4±5.6 versus 3.0±0.9 ng/dL, P<0.0001) and a larger intratumoral environment including the hybrid cells ( P<0.001), possibly representing a deviation from normal aldosterone biosynthesis. After multivariate analysis, KCNJ5 mutation status turned out to be the most associated factor involved in 18oxoF synthesis in APA ( P<0.0001). Results of our present study first revealed that enhanced 18oxoF synthesis in APA could come from a functional deviation of aldosterone biosynthesis from the normal zona glomerulosa and the utility of peripheral 18oxoF measurement could be influenced by the prevalence of KCNJ5 mutation in an APA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/genética , Adenoma Adrenocortical/genética , Aldosterona/metabolismo , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Hidrocortisona/análogos & derivados , Mutação/genética , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/metabolismo , Adenoma Adrenocortical/metabolismo , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/biossíntese , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 57(7): 1425-1436, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887302

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a notch at the distal end of a microcatheter on vein deformation in segmental adrenal venous sampling. A three-dimensional fluid-structure interaction simulation was performed using commercial finite element software. A computational model of a vein with a catheter inserted into it was constructed. The outer and inner diameters of the vein were 0.9 mm and 0.6 mm, respectively, whereas those of the catheter were 0.6 mm and 0.5 mm, respectively. The velocity of the blood flow at the outlet was 85 mm/s. The pressure at the inlet was 0 Pa. The mesh consisted of approximately 660,000 elements. The effect of the number (0-4) and shape (no notch, 1/4 circular, 1/3 circular, semicircular, 2/3 circlecircular, and 3/4 circular) of the notches at the distal end of the microcatheter on the vein deformation when a suction pressure was applied was evaluated. The venous wall displacement was the smallest with the one-notch catheter, followed by the four-notch catheter, and was the smallest with the catheter having 1/4-circular notches, followed by the one with 1/3-circular notches. In conclusion, microcatheters having one notch and 1/4-circular notches reduce vein deformation and lead to successful segmental adrenal venous sampling. Graphical abstract Comparing catheters having different notch shapes.


Assuntos
Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Flebotomia/instrumentação , Veias/lesões , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Hidrodinâmica
19.
Neuropathology ; 39(2): 162-167, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30847961

RESUMO

Oral nucleoside analogs (NAs) reduce hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication by inhibiting HBV DNA polymerase. However, NAs can also affect human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase, which can lead to mtDNA depletion (quantitative abnormality). Indeed, several mitochondrial myopathy cases have been reported in which a reduced mtDNA copy number was induced by oral NAs for hepatitis B. Herein, we report a case of toxic myopathy with multiple mtDNA deletions (qualitative abnormality) associated with long-term use of NAs for hepatitis B. A 68-year-old woman, who underwent long-term treatment with lamivudine and adefovir for chronic hepatitis B, developed proximal muscle weakness in the four extremities. Neurological examination showed mild proximal muscle weakness and atrophy in the four extremities. Upon admission to our hospital, her blood lactate/pyruvate ratio during an aerobic exercise test was elevated. Myogenic patterns were observed in lower limb muscles on electromyographic examination. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffuse atrophy of proximal muscles in the four extremities with no signal changes. A biopsy from the biceps brachii muscle showed an abnormally large variation in fiber size, scattered muscle fibers with decreased cytochrome c oxidase activity, and ragged-red fibers. Analysis of mtDNA from skeletal muscle revealed no decrease in copy number but increased incidence of multiple deletions, including a deletion of 4977 base pairs (known as the common deletion) reflecting oxidative stress-induced mtDNA damage. This case study indicates that long-term oral antiviral therapy for hepatitis B can induce chronic oxidative damage to mtDNA resulting in qualitative mtDNA abnormalities and toxic myopathy.


Assuntos
Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Miopatias Mitocondriais/induzido quimicamente , Miopatias Mitocondriais/patologia , Adenina/efeitos adversos , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Administração Oral , Idoso , DNA Mitocondrial , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Lamivudina/efeitos adversos , Miopatias Mitocondriais/complicações , Miopatias Mitocondriais/genética , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Organofosfonatos/efeitos adversos
20.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0210975, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742625

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Whereas native lung overinflation has been thought to happen in recipients of single lung transplantation for lymphangioleiomyomatosis because of its increased compliance, there is no study that has reported the details on the change of the native lung volume after single lung transplantation by three-dimensional computed tomography volumetry. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the lung volume after single lung transplantation for lymphangioleiomyomatosis by three-dimensional computed tomography volumetry and investigate the correlation between the native lung volume change and postoperative pulmonary function. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 17 patients who underwent single lung transplantation for lymphangioleiomyomatosis. We defined the ratio of the native lung volume to total lung volume (N/T ratio) as an indicator of overinflation of the native lung. In order to assess changes in the N/T ratio over time, we calculated the rate of change in the N/T ratio which is standardized by the N/T ratio at 1 year after single lung transplantation: rate of change in N/T ratio (%) = {(N/T ratio at a certain year)/(N/T ratio at 1 year)- 1}× 100. RESULTS: We investigated the correlations between the N/T ratio and the pulmonary function test parameters at 1 year and 5 years; however, there was no significant correlation between them. On the other hand, there was a significant negative correlation between the rate of change in the N/T ratio and that in forced expiratory volume in 1 second %predicted (%FEV1) at 5 years after single lung transplantation. CONCLUSION: The single lung transplantation recipients for lymphangioleiomyomatosis showed increased rate of change in the N/T ratio in the long-time course after lung transplantation with the decrease of %FEV1. We expect that these cases will probably cause the overinflation of the native lung in the future.


Assuntos
Imagem Tridimensional , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Transplante de Pulmão , Pulmão , Linfangioleiomiomatose , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Linfangioleiomiomatose/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfangioleiomiomatose/fisiopatologia , Linfangioleiomiomatose/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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