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Ann Hepatol ; 18(5): 685-692, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167733


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Cryoglobulinemia is one of the most frequent extrahepatic manifestations of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and it may evolve to cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CryoVas) which is a systemic vasculitis that affects small-sized vessels. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cryoglobulinemia and CryoVas in HCV patients in São Paulo, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted and included sixty-eight viremic HCV patients, without HIV or hepatitis B coinfection. A thorough clinical and laboratory evaluation was performed including the detection of serum cryoglobulins and measurement of serum complement components. The classification criteria for CryoVas were applied. RESULTS: The study population comprised mainly women (61.8%) with long term HCV infection (median 11.0 years). Advanced hepatic fibrosis was detected in 20.6% (14/68) of cases. Cryoglobulins were detected in 48.5% (33/68) of HCV-patients with type III cryoglobulinemia being the most frequent. CryoVas was present in 10.3% (7/68) and the main manifestations were peripheral neuropathy (85.7%), palpable purpura (42.8%), arthralgias (42.8%) and renal involvement (42.8%). Life-threatening manifestations were rare. Low hemolytic C2, C4 and total hemolytic complement (CH100) levels were common findings in the cryoglobulinemia group. Low C4 levels were independently associated with the development of CryoVas. CONCLUSION: A high prevalence of cryoglobulinemia and CryoVas was found in Brazilian HCV-patients. CryoVas patients mostly presented non-life-threatening manifestations, especially peripheral neuropathy. Complement abnormalities were common in patients with cryoglobulinemia and low serum C4 levels were associated with CryoVas.

Crioglobulinemia/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Vasculite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Crioglobulinemia/etiologia , Crioglobulinemia/metabolismo , Feminino , Hepatite C Crônica/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vasculite/etiologia , Vasculite/metabolismo
Ann Hepatol ; 14(3): 317-24, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25864211


BACKGROUND: HBV/HCV coinfection is a common finding among hemodialysis patients. However, there is scarce information concerning the impact of HBV coinfection on the response to treatment of HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis. AIM: We aimed to compare the rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) to treatment with interferon-alfa (IFN) between hemodialysis patients with HBV/HCV coinfection and those with HCV-monoinfection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis treated with IFN were included. Patients coinfected by HBV/HCV were compared to HCV-monoinfected patients, regarding clinical and biochemical features and rates of SVR. RESULTS: One hundred and eleven patients were treated. HBV/HCV coinfection was observed in 18/111 patients (16%). Coinfected patients were younger (p = 002), had more time on dialysis (p = 0.05) and showed a tendency to present a higher prevalence of septal fibrosis (p = 0.06). The analysis by intention to treat showed SVR of 56% among coinfected patients and 18% in HCV-monoinfected patients (p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, end-stage renal disease patients with HBV/HCV coinfection exhibit higher rate of SVR to HCV treatment than HCV-monoinfected patients. It is possible that factors related to the host immune response and viral interaction could explain the better response observed among coinfected patients.

Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos