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1.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 47, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peficitinib (ASP015K), a novel oral Janus kinase inhibitor, has demonstrated efficacy and safety for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in randomized, controlled trials of up to 52 weeks' duration. However, safety and effectiveness after long-term treatment have not been assessed. METHODS: This was an interim analysis of an ongoing open-label, multicenter extension study in RA patients who completed phase 2b (RAJ1; 12 weeks) and phase 3 (RAJ3 and RAJ4; 52 weeks) peficitinib studies in Asia (mainly Japan). Eligible patients (n = 843) received oral peficitinib once daily (100 mg, or 50 mg for patients transferring from RAJ1). The peficitinib dose could be increased (up to 150 mg) or reduced (to 50 mg) at the discretion of the investigator. Efficacy variables assessed included American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response rates, ACR components, and disease activity score in 28 joints based on C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP). RESULTS: Results up to May 2018 are summarized. Mean peficitinib duration of exposure was 22.7 months and the maximum dose was 100 mg in most (66.5%) patients. ACR responses were maintained during the extension study, with ACR20/50/70 response rates of 71.6%, 52.1%, and 34.7% at week 0 and 78.9%, 61.4%, and 42.7% at end of treatment, respectively. ACR components and DAS28-CRP showed improvements from baselines of the preceding studies and continued to show improvements during the extension study. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported in 757/843 (89.8%) patients, the most common being nasopharyngitis (39.7%) and herpes zoster (11.7%). The majority of TEAEs were severity grade 1/2. Drug-related TEAEs leading to permanent study drug discontinuation occurred in 55/843 (6.5%) patients. Regarding AEs of special interest, the incidence per 100 patient-years of serious infections was 2.3 (95% CI 1.6 - 3.1), herpes zoster-related disease 6.8 (95% CI, 5.6 - 8.3), and malignancies 1.1 (95% CI, 0.7 - 1.8). One death from diffuse large B cell lymphoma during the study and one death from uterine sarcoma after the study were considered probably and possibly related to study drug, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of peficitinib was maintained or improved during long-term administration and treatment up to 6 years was well tolerated in Asian patients with RA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01638013, registered retrospectively 11 July 2012.

2.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 46, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abatacept (ABA) is a biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to identify molecules that are associated with therapeutic responses to ABA in patients with RA. METHODS: Peripheral blood was collected using a PAX gene Blood RNA kit from 45 bDMARD-naïve patients with RA at baseline and at 6 months after the initiation of ABA treatment. Gene expression levels of responders (n = 27) and non-responders (n = 8) to ABA treatment among patients with RA at baseline were compared using a microarray. The gene expression levels were confirmed using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). RESULTS: Gene expression analysis revealed that the expression levels of 218 genes were significantly higher and those of 392 genes were significantly lower in the responders compared to the non-responders. Gene ontology analysis of the 218 genes identified "response to type I interferon (IFN)" with 24 type I IFN-related genes. RT-qPCR confirmed that there was a strong correlation between the score calculated using the 24 genes and that using OAS3, MX1, and IFIT3 (type I IFN score) (rho with the type I IFN score 0.981); the type I IFN score was significantly decreased after treatment with ABA in the responders (p < 0.05), but not in the non-responders. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of the type I IFN score showed that sensitivity, specificity, and AUC (95% confidence interval) for the responders were 0.82, 1.00, and 0.92 (0.82-1.00), respectively. Further, RT-qPCR demonstrated higher expression levels of BATF2, LAMP3, CD83, CLEC4A, IDO1, IRF7, STAT1, STAT2, and TNFSF10 in the responders, all of which are dendritic cell-related genes or type I IFN-related genes with significant biological implications. CONCLUSION: Type I IFN score and expression levels of the nine genes may serve as novel biomarkers associated with a clinical response to ABA in patients with RA.

3.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140784

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Eldecalcitol increases bone mineral density (BMD) and reduces vertebral fracture in patients with primary osteoporosis. However, the effect of eldecalcitol on BMD and fracture in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) patients is unknown. This study was undertaken to compare the effect of eldecalcitol on BMD and fracture with that of alfacalcidol in GIO patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, open-label, parallel group study was conducted to identify the effectiveness and safety of monotherapy with 0.75 µg eldecalcitol compared with 1.0 µg alfacalcidol in GIO patients. RESULTS: Lumbar spine BMD increased with eldecalcitol, but decreased with alfacalcidol at 12 and 24 months (between group difference 1.29%, p < 0.01, and 1.10%, p < 0.05, respectively). Total hip and femoral neck BMD were maintained until 24 months by eldecalcitol, but decreased by alfacalcidol (between group difference 0.97%, p < 0.05 and 1.22%, p < 0.05, respectively). Both bone formation and resorption markers were more strongly suppressed by eldecalcitol than by alfacalcidol. Eldecalcitol showed better effect on BMD than alfacalcidol in patients with no prevalent fracture and BMD > 70% of the young adult mean, and with ≤ 3 months of previous glucocorticoid treatment. No significant difference in the incidence of vertebral fracture was found, and the incidence of adverse events was similar between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Eldecalcitol was more effective than alfacalcidol in maintaining BMD in GIO patients. Because eldecalcitol was effective in patients with no or short-term previous glucocorticoid treatment, as well as those without prevalent fracture or low BMD, eldecalcitol can be a good candidate for primary prevention of GIO. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN000011700.

4.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-8, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075475

RESUMO

Objectives: Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are not able to achieve long-term disease remission. This phase 2a study (NCT02884635) evaluated the efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the novel, oral, gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, ASP1707, in combination with methotrexate (MTX) for treatment of RA.Methods: Postmenopausal women with RA who had been receiving MTX for ≥90 days were randomized to ASP1707 30 mg twice daily or placebo for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was the American College of Rheumatology 20% improvement criteria (ACR20) response rate at week 12. Secondary endpoints included: ACR20, ACR50, and ACR70 response rates; disease activity score (DAS)28-CRP; DAS28-ESR; Tender or Swollen Joint Counts; and remission rates.Results: Of 105 patients screened, 72 were randomized to ASP1707 30 mg twice daily (n = 37) or placebo (n = 35). ASP1707 did not improve ACR20, ACR50, or ACR70 response rates at any time point and did not improve any secondary efficacy endpoint. Plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) concentration decreased >90% in >90% of patients receiving ASP1707, with a rapid decrease to <1 IU/L at week 1 that remained stable throughout the treatment.Conclusion: In the current study, ASP1707 did not demonstrate a clinical benefit.

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 20, 2020 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a serious complication of connective tissue diseases (CTDs). Although immune dysregulation triggered by genetic and environmental factors is thought to provoke inflammation and subsequent fibrosis, precise mechanisms of these processes remain unclear. Recent reports suggest that activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) signals by various ligands such as tryptophan derivatives can induce hyper-immune responses and are involved in autoimmunity. We investigated the effects of AhR signals on the process of lung fibrosis and changes in immunological features using a bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung fibrosis mouse model. METHODS: BLM was administered intratracheally to C57BL/6JJcl mice and either 5,11-dihydroindolo[3,2-b]carbazole-6-carboxaldehyde (FICZ), a natural AhR ligand, or vehicle was subsequently injected intraperitoneally on day 0, 1, and 2 from BLM administration. Mice were sacrificed at week 3, and lung fibrosis was quantified by the histological changes using the Ashcroft score and deposition of soluble collagen levels in the lung using Sircol assay. The population of immune cells infiltrated into the lungs was analyzed using flow cytometry. RESULTS: Both the Ashcroft score and soluble collagen level in FICZ-treated mice were significantly lower than those in the vehicle group. Moreover, the survival rate of FICZ-treated mice was significantly higher than that of control mice during the 3 weeks after treatment. Interestingly, flow cytometric analysis revealed that the number of CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) was significantly increased and CD4+IFNγ+ and γδ+IL-17A+ T cells were decreased in the lungs of FICZ-treated mice, while the total number of T, B, and NK cells were unaffected by FICZ treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that stimulation of AhR signals attenuated lung fibrosis by increasing Tregs and suppressing inflammatory T cell subsets in a BLM-induced fibrosis model. AhR signaling pathways may therefore be useful therapeutic targets for connective tissue disease-associated ILD.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effectiveness of tocilizumab (an anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody) in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review from the inception dates until August 7, 2019 for articles reporting tocilizumab administration to treat isolated PMR. RESULTS: We identified 59 patients with isolated PMR treated with tocilizumab. All studies used intravenously administered tocilizumab at a dose of 8 mg/kg monthly. Tocilizumab monotherapy was administered to 24 and combination therapy (tocilizumab + glucocorticoid) to 35 patients. Tocilizumab monotherapy achieved low disease activity scores in only 17% of patients at week 4 and in only 71% patients even at week 12. Compared to glucocorticoid monotherapy, the reduction in the cumulative glucocorticoid dose was between 58% and 70% using a combination of tocilizumab and glucocorticoids, and 33-100% of the patients eventually showed glucocorticoid-free remission. All relapses occurred in patients administered tocilizumab monotherapy. No new safety event was reported. CONCLUSION: Tocilizumab is effective in cases of isolated PMR, particularly in combination with glucocorticoids. In addition to its glucocorticoid-sparing effect, it achieves glucocorticoid-free remission and reduces relapse rates. Tocilizumab monotherapy is not recommended.

7.
Cardiology ; : 1-3, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045904
8.
RMD Open ; 6(1)2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication is a well-recognised complication in patients receiving disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Limited data exist on HBV reactivation among patients with RA treated with janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors. The objective of the current study was to assess HBV reactivation in clinical trials of baricitinib, an oral selective JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor in RA. METHODS: Data were integrated from four completed Phase 3 trials and one ongoing long-term extension (data up to 1 April 2017) in patients naïve to DMARDs or who had inadequate response (IR) to DMARDs including methotrexate (MTX)-IR and/or other conventional synthetic DMARD (csDMARD)-IR, or tumour necrosis factor inhibitors-IR. Within the clinical programme, baricitinib-treated patients may have received concomitant csDMARDs including MTX, or previous treatment with active comparators including MTX or adalimumab + MTX. At screening, all patients were tested for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg), core antibody (HBcAb) and surface antibody (HBsAb). Patients were excluded if they had (1) HBsAg+, (2) HBcAb+/HBsAb- (in Japan, could enrol if HBV DNA-) or (3) HBsAb+ and HBV DNA+. HBV DNA monitoring, following randomisation in the originating Phase 3 studies, was performed in Japan for patients with HBcAb+ and/or HBsAb+ at screening, and was later instituted globally for HBcAb+ patients in accordance with evolving guidance for HBV monitoring and management with immunomodulatory therapy. RESULTS: In total, 2890 patients received at least one dose of baricitinib in Phase 3 (6993 patient-years exposure). Of 215 patients with baseline serology suggestive of prior HBV infection (HbcAb+) who received a post-baseline DNA test, 32 (14.9%) were HBV DNA+ at some point following treatment initiation; 8 of 215 patients (3.7%) had a single quantifiable result (≥29 IU/mL). Of these eight patients, four met the definition of reactivation of HBV (HBV DNA level ≥100 IU/mL); baricitinib was permanently discontinued in four patients, and temporarily interrupted in two patients. No patient developed clinical evidence of hepatitis and in five of eight patients, antiviral therapy was not used. CONCLUSION: HBV reactivation can occur among RA patients treated with DMARDs, including baricitinib, with prior HBV exposure. Our data suggest that such patients should be monitored for HBV DNA during treatment and might be treated safely with the use of antiviral therapy as needed. The risk of HBV reactivation in patients with HBsAg treated with baricitinib is unknown.

11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management recommendations to account for the most recent developments in the field. METHODS: An international task force considered new evidence supporting or contradicting previous recommendations and novel therapies and strategic insights based on two systematic literature searches on efficacy and safety of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) since the last update (2016) until 2019. A predefined voting process was applied, current levels of evidence and strengths of recommendation were assigned and participants ultimately voted independently on their level of agreement with each of the items. RESULTS: The task force agreed on 5 overarching principles and 12 recommendations concerning use of conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GCs); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, sarilumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib). Guidance on monotherapy, combination therapy, treatment strategies (treat-to-target) and tapering on sustained clinical remission is provided. Cost and sequencing of b/tsDMARDs are addressed. Initially, MTX plus GCs and upon insufficient response to this therapy within 3 to 6 months, stratification according to risk factors is recommended. With poor prognostic factors (presence of autoantibodies, high disease activity, early erosions or failure of two csDMARDs), any bDMARD or JAK inhibitor should be added to the csDMARD. If this fails, any other bDMARD (from another or the same class) or tsDMARD is recommended. On sustained remission, DMARDs may be tapered, but not be stopped. Levels of evidence and levels of agreement were mostly high. CONCLUSIONS: These updated EULAR recommendations provide consensus on the management of RA with respect to benefit, safety, preferences and cost.

12.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970477

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study compared the clinical usefulness of minodronate (50 mg/4 weeks) plus alfacalcidol (1 µg/day) (Group M) with that of alfacalcidol alone (1 µg/day) (Group A) for treating glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary endpoints were the changes from baseline in lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density (BMD) and the cumulative incidence of vertebral fracture at 24 months; secondary endpoints included the changes from baseline in total hip (TH) BMD and bone turnover markers. RESULTS: Of 164 patients enrolled, 152 (Group M, n = 75; Group A, n = 77) were included in the analysis of efficacy. At each time point and at 24 months, LS BMD and TH BMD were significantly higher in Group M than in Group A. The 152 patients were divided into two subgroups that were previously treated with glucocorticoids for ≤ 3 months or > 3 months. In both subgroups, the changes from baseline in LS BMD and TH BMD from baseline at 24 months had increased more in Group M than in Group A. There were no differences found in the incidence of vertebral fracture between the groups, because the number of enrolled patients was lesser than that initially expected. In Group M, both bone formation and resorption markers significantly decreased from baseline at 3 months and maintained at 6, 12, and 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: Minodronate plus alfacalcidol was more effective than alfacalcidol alone in increasing BMD and was effective in increasing BMD for both prevention and treatment. Therefore, minodronate can be a good candidate drug for the treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.

13.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 23(3): 316-324, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957303

RESUMO

AIM: The Certolizumab-Optimal Prevention of joint damage for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis (C-OPERA) study demonstrated that in methotrexate (MTX)-naïve early RA patients with poor prognostic factors, 1-year certolizumab pegol (CZP) therapy added to the first year of 2-year optimized MTX therapy brings radiographic and clinical benefits through 2 years even after stopping CZP. This exploratory analysis aimed to identify factors at baseline and at CZP discontinuation associated with successful CZP discontinuation. METHODS: MTX-naïve early RA patients with poor prognostic factors entered C-OPERA (NCT01451203), a multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomized to CZP + MTX (n = 159) or PBO + MTX (n = 157); those who completed the 1-year, double-blind period received MTX alone in Year 2 (CZP + MTX→MTX, n = 108; PBO + MTX→MTX, n = 71). Association between factors at baseline or at discontinuation of CZP and clinical/radiographic outcomes were evaluated by multiple logistic regression analysis. Predictive value cut-offs were calculated using receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: Sex (male) and low baseline Disease Activity Score of 28 joints - erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) were associated with simple disease activity index (SDAI) remission (≤3.3), whereas high baseline DAS28-ESR and modified total Sharp score (mTSS) were associated with clinically relevant radiographic progression (yearly progression mTSS > 3) at Week 104 (across both treatment arms). Low DAS28-ESR (<2.1) and rheumatoid factor (RF; <74 IU/mL) at discontinuation of CZP were associated with SDAI remission at Week 104. At Week 104, SDAI remission was achieved by 75.0% (42/56) of patients with low DAS28-ESR and RF at discontinuation, compared to 15.4% (2/13) of patients with high DAS28-ESR and RF. CONCLUSION: Patients with low RF and low disease activity after treatment with CZP + MTX may be able to discontinue CZP without risk of loss of response.

15.
Mod Rheumatol ; 30(1): 101-108, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793642

RESUMO

Objectives: This study evaluated the safety and tolerability of anifrolumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting the type I interferon (IFN) receptor, in Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods: In this open-label, phase 2, dose-escalation study, patients received intravenous (IV) anifrolumab 100, 300, or 1000 mg every 4 weeks from days 29 to 337 (Stage 1). Patients who completed Stage 1 continued anifrolumab 300 mg every 4 weeks for 156 weeks (Stage 2). The primary objective was to evaluate the safety of anifrolumab for 48 weeks (Stage 1) and 156 weeks (Stage 2). The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of anifrolumab were also assessed.Results: Of 20 patients enrolled in Stage 1, 17 received IV anifrolumab 100 mg (n = 6), 300 mg (n = 5), or 1000 mg (n = 6). Adverse events (AE) and serious AE (SAE) incidences were similar between dose cohorts. SAEs occurred in 41% (Stage 1) and 33% (Stage 2) of patients; AEs leading to discontinuation occurred in 24% (Stage 1) and 22% (Stage 2) of patients. Anifrolumab had non-linear pharmacokinetics after the first and last dose and dose-dependently suppressed the IFN gene signature.Conclusion: Anifrolumab was well tolerated among Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe SLE.

16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(3): 387-392, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To externally validate the performance of the new European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria set for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) with a Japanese cohort. METHODS: This study included 420 IIM and 402 non-IIM cases. Probability of having IIM in each patient was calculated using the collected data set. The cut-off probability was set at 55%, as recommended by EULAR/ACR. Patients classified as IIM by the criteria were further subclassified with classification trees. RESULTS: When the probability cut-off was set at 55%, the sensitivity/specificity of the new criteria to diagnose IIM were 89.3%/91.0% in the total cohort, 88.1%/95.1% without muscle biopsy data and 90.4%/65.5% with biopsy data. The cohort included 12 overlap syndrome patients with biopsy data, who were included as non-IIM cases in accordance with traditional Japanese methods. When they were included in the IIM cases, the specificity in patients with biopsy increased to 74.4%. The sensitivity/specificity of the new criteria to diagnose polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) plus juvenile and amyopathic DM in the Japanese cohort was 87.4%/92.4%, which were greater than those of the Tanimoto's criteria revised to enable classification of amyopathic DM (ADM) (71.2%/87.8%) and were comparable with those of Bohan & Peter's criteria to diagnose those diseases except for ADM (88.4%/88.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Our study externally validated high specificity of the new criteria for the first time, although with several limitations, including low percentage of child patients. The new criteria have higher sensitivity and/or specificity in classification of PM/DM than the previously reported criteria, demonstrating its usefulness for interethnic patients.

17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(1): 150-158, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent evidences have revealed that anti-SSA/SSB antibodies, the major autoantibodies in Sjögren's syndrome (SS), are produced in salivary glands. This study aims to clarify overall of autoantibody production at lesion site, including anti-centromere antibody (ACA)-positive SS. METHODS: Antibodies of antibody-secreting cells in human salivary glands were produced as recombinant antibodies. The reactivity of these antibodies and their revertants were investigated by ELISA and newly developed antigen-binding beads assay, which can detect conformational epitopes. The target of uncharacterised antibodies was identified by immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry. Autoantibody-secreting cells in salivary gland tissue were identified by immunohistochemistry using green fluorescent protein-autoantigen fusion proteins. RESULTS: A total of 256 lesion antibodies were generated, and 69 autoantibodies including 24 ACAs were identified among them. Beads assay could detect more autoantibodies than ELISA, suggesting autoantibodies target to antigens with native conformation. After somatic hypermutations were reverted, autoantibodies drastically decreased antigen reactivity. We showed that MIS12 complex, a novel target of ACA, and CENP-C are major targets of ACA produced in salivary glands by examining cloned antibodies and immunohistochemistry, whereas few anti-CENP-B antibodies were detected. The target profiling of serum ACA from 269 patients with SS, systemic sclerosis (SSc), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and healthy controls revealed that ACA-positive patients have antibodies against various sites of centromere complex regardless of disease. CONCLUSION: We showed direct evidences of antigen-driven maturation of anti-SSA/SSB antibody and ACA in SS lesion. ACA recognises centromere 'complex' rather than individual protein, and this feature is common among patients with SS, SSc and PBC.

18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(1): 94-102, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine whether the 'programmed' infliximab (IFX) treatment strategy (for which the dose of IFX was adjusted based on the baseline serum tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α)) is beneficial to induction of clinical remission after 54 weeks and sustained discontinuation of IFX for 1 year. METHODS: In this multicentre randomised trial, patients with IFX-naïve rheumatoid arthritis with inadequate response to methotrexate were randomised to two groups; patients in programmed treatment group received 3 mg/kg IFX until week 6 and after 14 weeks the dose of IFX was adjusted based on the baseline levels of serum TNF-α until week 54; patients in the standard treatment group received 3 mg/kg of IFX. Patients who achieved a simplified disease activity index (SDAI) ≤3.3 at week 54 discontinued IFX. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who sustained discontinuation of IFX at week 106. RESULTS: A total of 337 patients were randomised. At week 54, 39.4% (67/170) in the programmed group and 32.3% (54/167) in the standard group attained remission (SDAI ≤3.3). At week 106, the 1-year sustained discontinuation rate was not significantly different between two groups; the programmed group 23.5% (40/170) and the standard group 21.6% (36/167), respectively (2.2% difference, 95% CI -6.6% to 11.0%; p=0.631). Baseline SDAI <26.0 was a statistically significant predictor of the successfully sustained discontinuation of IFX at week 106. CONCLUSION: Programmed treatment strategy did not statistically increase the sustained remission rate after 1 year discontinuation of IFX treatment.

19.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(1): 113-118, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214867

RESUMO

Musculoskeletal involvement is one of the major causes of impairment in daily life of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Several hand radiographic findings can be seen in SSc patients; however, their association with clinical features and autoantibodies remains unclear. Here, we analyzed 124 SSc patients with their hand X-rays and clinical and serological features. Abnormal findings in hand X-rays including acro-osteolysis, calcinosis, flexion contracture, erosive change, joint space narrowing, and subluxation were observed in 110 patients (68%). These X-ray findings were more prevalent in patients with longer disease duration and digital ischemic changes. The majority of erosions were typical for erosive hand osteoarthritis, which was seen in 19% of patients. Hand X-ray findings were associated with involved organs; acro-osteolysis with interstitial lung disease, calcinosis with pulmonary arterial hypertension and gastrointestinal tract involvement, and flexion contracture with gastrointestinal tract involvement. Those findings were also relevant to autoantibodies; acro-osteolysis was more common in SSc patients with anti-Scl70 antibody but less in patients with anticentromere antibody. Calcinosis was more prevalent in patient with anticentromere antibody. In our study, organ involvements and SSc-associated autoantibodies showed associations with hand radiographic abnormalities. Hand X-ray findings might reflect underlying pathogenesis and autoantibody profiles in SSc patients.Key Points• Hand X-ray abnormalities were observed in approximately two-thirds of patients with SSc.• Erosive osteoarthritis was more prevalent in SSc patients than general population.• Hand X-ray findings were associated with disease duration, organ involvements, and SSc-associated autoantibodies, reflecting underlying pathogenesis.

20.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(3): 545-553, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the association between clinical characteristics and immuno-phenotypes in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: Peripheral blood from 36 patients with active AAV and 18 healthy controls was examined for numbers of circulating T cells, B cells, NK cells, dendritic cells, monocytes and granulocytes using flow cytometry. These immuno-phenotyping data were subjected to cluster analysis and principal components analysis to divide AAV patients into subgroups. Associated organ involvement or therapeutic prognosis were assessed for each subgroup. RESULTS: AAV patients had higher proportions of plasma cells, plasmablasts, activated T cells, CD14++ CD16+ monocytes, eosinophils and neutrophils than healthy controls. Immuno-phenotyping findings were similar between patients with microscopic polyangiitis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Cluster analysis indicated that AAV patients could be divided into three subgroups according to peripheral immune cell numbers: antibody production-related (n = 9), cytotoxic activity-related (n = 4) and neutrocytosis/lymphocytopenia-related (n = 23). The antibody production-related or cytotoxic activity-related group was associated with CNS involvement, and the neutrocytosis/lymphocytopenia-related group was associated with high incidence of kidney involvement. Incidence of severe infection was markedly higher in the neutrocytosis/lymphocytopenia-related group than the other two groups. Incidence of disease relapse was comparable among the three groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with active AAV can be divided into three subgroups based on immuno-phenotyping. These results may provide a hint to understanding disease pathophysiology and prognosis, and determining appropriate treatment.

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