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1.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481698

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to show the combined effect of weight gain within normal weight range in adulthood and parental HT on the prevalence of HT. The study subjects were 44,998 individuals (19,039 men and 25,959 women) with normal weight (body mass index [BMI] 18.5-24.9) aged 35-69 years who participated in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. They were categorized into six groups by weight gain from age 20 years (<10 kg, and ≥10 kg) and by the number of parents having HT (no parent, one parent, and both parents). Odds ratios for HT were estimated after adjustment for age, sex, current BMI, estimated daily sodium intake, and other confounding factors. The prevalence of HT (31.5% in total subjects) gradually increased with greater weight gain from age 20 years and with greater number of parents with HT. Subjects who gained weight ≥10 kg and having both parents with HT showed the highest risk of having HT compared with those who gained weight <10 kg without parental HT (59.8% vs. 24.9%, odds ratio 4.25, 95% CI 3.53-5.13 after adjustment). This association was similarly observed in any category of age, sex, and BMI. Subjects who gained weight within normal range of BMI and having one or both parent(s) with HT showed the higher risk of having HT independent of their attained BMI in their middle ages. Thus, subjects having parent(s) with HT should avoid gaining their weight during adulthood, even within normal range of BMI, to reduce the risk of having HT.

2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(10): 1430-1437, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The first ever genome-wide association study (GWAS) of clinically defined gout cases and asymptomatic hyperuricaemia (AHUA) controls was performed to identify novel gout loci that aggravate AHUA into gout. METHODS: We carried out a GWAS of 945 clinically defined gout cases and 1003 AHUA controls followed by 2 replication studies. In total, 2860 gout cases and 3149 AHUA controls (all Japanese men) were analysed. We also compared the ORs for each locus in the present GWAS (gout vs AHUA) with those in the previous GWAS (gout vs normouricaemia). RESULTS: This new approach enabled us to identify two novel gout loci (rs7927466 of CNTN5 and rs9952962 of MIR302F) and one suggestive locus (rs12980365 of ZNF724) at the genome-wide significance level (p<5.0×10- 8). The present study also identified the loci of ABCG2, ALDH2 and SLC2A9. One of them, rs671 of ALDH2, was identified as a gout locus by GWAS for the first time. Comparing ORs for each locus in the present versus the previous GWAS revealed three 'gout vs AHUA GWAS'-specific loci (CNTN5, MIR302F and ZNF724) to be clearly associated with mechanisms of gout development which distinctly differ from the known gout risk loci that basically elevate serum uric acid level. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis is the first to reveal the loci associated with crystal-induced inflammation, the last step in gout development that aggravates AHUA into gout. Our findings should help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of gout development and assist the prevention of gout attacks in high-risk AHUA individuals.

3.
Nutrients ; 11(5)2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052301

RESUMO

: The association between nutrient patterns and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been examined in a Japanese population. A cross-sectional study was performed on 30,108 participants (aged 35-69 years) in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Dietary intake was assessed using a 46-item food frequency questionnaire. MetS was diagnosed according to the Joint Interim Statement Criteria of 2009, using body mass index instead of waist circumference. Factor analysis was applied to energy-adjusted intake of 21 nutrients, and three nutrient patterns were extracted: Factor 1 (fiber, potassium and vitamins pattern); Factor 2 (fats and fat-soluble vitamins pattern); and Factor 3 (saturated fatty acids, calcium and vitamin B2 pattern). In multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age, and other potential confounders, Factor 1 scores were associated with a significantly reduced odds ratio (OR) of MetS and all five components. Factor 2 scores were associated with significantly increased prevalence of MetS, obesity, and high blood pressure. Factor 3 scores were significantly associated with lower OR of MetS, high blood pressure, high serum triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol levels. Analysis of nutrient patterns may be useful to assess the overall quality of diet and its association with MetS.

4.
Endocrine ; 64(3): 552-563, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011988

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate independent relationships of daily non-exercise life activity and leisure-time exercise volume and intensity with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its traits in Japanese adults. METHODS: Data of 24,625 eligible subjects (12,709 men, 11,916 women) who participated in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study were analyzed. Information about lifestyle characteristics was obtained from a questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the independent associations of daily life activity as well as leisure-time exercise volume and intensity with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its traits by sex. RESULTS: Male subjects with higher daily life activity as well as with higher leisure-time exercise volume had a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome, independently with each other. Female subjects with higher daily life activity also had a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Particularly, male and female subjects with the highest daily life activity quartile showed considerably low odds ratios of 0.66 (95% CI, 0.53-0.81) and 0.64 (0.52-0.79), respectively, for low HDL-cholesterol even after the adjustment for BMI compared with the first quartile. Meanwhile, male subjects with the higher leisure-time exercise showed a quite lower prevalence of elevated triglycerides. Higher moderate-intensity exercise was more intensely associated with a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome and some of its traits in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that higher daily life activity and higher moderate-intensity exercise may be independently associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome in Japanese adults.

5.
Sleep ; 42(6)2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810208

RESUMO

Usual sleep duration has substantial heritability and is associated with various physical and psychiatric conditions as well as mortality. However, for its genetic locus, only PAX8 and VRK2 have been replicated in previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We conducted a GWAS meta-analysis of self-reported usual sleep duration using three population-based cohorts totaling 31 230 Japanese individuals. A genome-wide significant locus was identified at 12q24 (p-value < 5.0 × 10-8). Subsequently, a functional variant in the ALDH2 locus, rs671, was replicated in an independent sample of 5140 Japanese individuals (p-value = 0.004). The association signal, however, disappeared after adjusting for alcohol consumption, indicating the possibility that the rs671 genotype modifies sleep duration via alcohol consumption. This hypothesis explained a modest genetic correlation observed between sleep duration and alcohol consumption (rG = 0.23). A Mendelian randomization analysis using rs671 and other variants as instrumental variables confirmed this by showing a causal effect of alcohol consumption, but not of coffee consumption on sleep duration. Another genome-wide significant locus was identified at 5q33 after adjusting for drinking frequency. However, this locus was not replicated, nor was the PAX8 and VRK2. Our study has confirmed that a functional ALDH2 variant, rs671, most strongly influences on usual sleep duration possibly via alcohol consumption in the Japanese population, and presumably in East Asian populations. This highlights the importance of considering the involvement of alcohol consumption in future GWAS of usual sleep duration, even in non-East Asian populations, where rs671 is monomorphic.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(48): e13241, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508907

RESUMO

Brief exposure to passive smoking immediately elevates blood pressure. However, little is known about the association between exposure to passive smoking and chronic hypertension. We aimed to examine this association in a cross-sectional study, after controlling multiple potential confounders.Participants included 32,098 lifetime nonsmokers (7,216 men and 24,882 women) enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Passive smoking was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. The single question about exposure to passive smoking had five response options: "sometimes or almost never," "almost every day, 2 hours/day or less," "almost every day, 2 to 4 hours/day," "almost every day, 4 to 6 hours/day," and "almost every day, 6 hours/day or longer." Hypertension was defined as any of the following: systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, or use of antihypertensive medication. Multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for hypertension were estimated by exposure level to passive smoking using unconditional logistic regression models.The multivariate-adjusted OR for hypertension in those exposed almost every day was 1.11 (95% CI: 1.03-1.20) compared with those exposed sometimes or almost never. The OR for a 1-hour per day increase in exposure was 1.03 (95% CI: 1.01-1.06, Pfor trend = .006). This association was stronger in men than in women; the ORs were 1.08 (95% CI: 1.01-1.15, Pfor trend = .036) and 1.03 (95% CI: 1.00-1.05, Pfor trend = .055), respectively.Our findings suggest importance of tobacco smoke control for preventing hypertension.

7.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 2018 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30146708

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem worldwide including Japan. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have discovered CKD susceptibility variants. We developed a genetic risk score (GRS) based on CKD-associated variants and assessed a possibility that the GRS can improve the discrimination capability for the prevalence of CKD in a Japanese population. The present study consists of 11,283 participants randomly selected from 12 Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study sites. Individual GRS was constructed combining 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) identified in a Japanese population. Participants with eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was defined as case (stage 3 CKD or higher) in this study. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between the GRS and CKD risk with adjustment for sex, age, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The frequency of individuals with CKD was 8.3%, which was relatively low compared with those previously reported in a Japanese population. The odds ratio of having CKD was 1.120 (95% confidence interval: 1.042-1.203) per 10 GRS increment in the fully adjusted model (P = 0.002). The C-statistic was significantly increased in the model with the GRS, comparing with the model without the GRS (0.720 vs. 0.719, Pdifference = 0.008). Increment of the GRS was associated with increased risk of CKD. Additionally, the GRS significantly improved the discriminatory ability of CKD prevalence in a Japanese population; however, the improvement of discriminatory ability brought about by the GRS seemed to be small compared with that of non-genetic CKD risk factors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
J Epidemiol ; 28 Suppl 3: S29-S34, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29503383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although socioeconomic status (SES) may affect food and nutrient intakes, few studies have reported on sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intakes among individuals with various SESs in Japan. We investigated associations of SES with Na and K intake levels using urinary specimens in a representative Japanese population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 2,560 men and women (the NIPPON DATA2010 cohort) who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey Japan in 2010. Casual urine was used to calculate estimated excretion in 24-hour urinary Na (E24hr-Na) and K (E24hr-K). The urinary sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratio was calculated from casual urinary electrolyte values. An analysis of covariance was performed to investigate associations of aspects of SES, including equivalent household expenditure (EHE), educational attainment, and job category, with E24hr-Na, E24hr-K, and the Na/K ratio for men and women separately. A stratified analysis was performed on educational attainment and the job category for younger (<65 years) and older (≥65 years) participants. RESULTS: In men and women, average E24hr-Na was 176.2 mmol/day and 172.3, average E24hr-K was 42.5 and 41.3, and the average Na/K ratio was 3.61 and 3.68, respectively. Lower EHE was associated with a higher Na/K ratio in women and lower E24hr-K in men and women. A shorter education was associated with a higher Na/K ratio in women and younger men, and lower E24hr-K in older men and women. CONCLUSION: Lower EHE and a shorter education were associated with a lower K intake and higher Na/K ratio estimated from casual urine specimens in Japanese men and women.


Assuntos
Potássio na Dieta/urina , Classe Social , Sódio na Dieta/urina , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Distribuição por Sexo
9.
J Epidemiol ; 28 Suppl 3: S46-S52, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29503386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors remains unknown in a general Japanese population. METHODS: Of 8,815 participants from 300 randomly selected areas throughout Japan, 2,467 participants who were free of cardiovascular disease and who provided information on SES in the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan 2010 were enrolled in this cross-sectional analysis. SES was classified according to the employment status, length of education, marital and living statuses, and equivalent household expenditure (EHE). Outcomes were ignorance of each cardiovascular risk factor (hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, low high-density lipoprotein [HDL] cholesterol, arrhythmia, and smoking) and insufficient knowledge (number of correct answers <4 out of 6). RESULTS: A short education and low EHE were significantly associated with a greater ignorance of most cardiovascular risk factors. A short education (<10 years) was also associated with insufficient knowledge of overall cardiovascular risk factors: age- and sex-adjusted odds ratios (OR) were 1.92 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.51-2.45) relative to participants with ≥13 years of education. Low EHE was also associated with insufficient knowledge (age- and sex-adjusted OR 1.24; 95% CI, 1.01-1.51 for the lowest quintile vs the upper 4 quintiles). These relationships remained significant, even after further adjustments for regular exercise, smoking, weekly alcohol consumption, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, and low HDL cholesterol. CONCLUSION: Participants with a short education and low EHE were more likely to have less knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Classe Social , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Fatores de Risco
10.
Carcinogenesis ; 39(5): 652-660, 2018 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29471430

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified more than 50 CRC loci. However, most of the previous studies were conducted in European population, and host genetic factors among Japanese population are largely remained to be identified. To identify novel loci in the Japanese population, here, we performed a large-scale GWAS using 6692 cases and 27 178 controls followed by a replication analysis using more than 11 000 case-control samples. We found the significant association of 10 loci (P < 5 × 10-8), including 2 novel loci on 16q24.1 (IRF8-FOXF1, rs847208, P = 3.15 × 10-9 and odds ratio = 1.107 with 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.071-1.145) and 20q13.12 (TOX2, rs6065668, P = 4.47 × 10-11 and odds ratio = 0.897 with 95% CI of 0.868-0.926). Moreover, 35 previously reported single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 24 regions were validated in the Japanese population (P < 0.05) with the same risk allele as in the previous studies. SNP rs6065668 was significantly associated with TOX2 expression in the sigmoid colon. In addition, nucleotide substitutions in the regulatory region of TOX2 were predicted to alter the binding of several transcription factors, including KLF5. Our findings elucidate the important role of genetic variations in the development of CRC in the Japanese population.

11.
J Epidemiol ; 27(9): 420-427, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28576445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increased risk of total death owing to human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I) infection has been reported. However, its etiology and protective factors are unclear. Various studies reported fluctuations in immune-inflammatory status among HTLV-I carriers. We conducted a matched cohort study among the general population in an HTLV-I-endemic region of Japan to investigate the interaction between inflammatory gene polymorphisms and HTLV-I infection for total death, incidence of cancer, and atherosclerosis-related diseases. METHOD: We selected 2180 sub-cohort subjects aged 35-69 years from the cohort population, after matching for age, sex, and region with HTLV-I seropositives. They were followed up for a maximum of 10 years. Inflammatory gene polymorphisms were selected from TNF-α, IL-10, and NF-κB1. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and the interaction between gene polymorphisms and HTLV-I for risk of total death and incidence of cancer and atherosclerosis-related diseases. RESULTS: HTLV-I seropositivity rate was 6.4% in the cohort population. The interaction between TNF-α 1031T/C and HTLV-I for atherosclerosis-related disease incidence was statistically significant (p = 0.020). No significant interaction was observed between IL-10 819T/C or NF-κB1 94ATTG ins/del and HTLV-I. An increased HR for total death was observed in the Amami island region, after adjustment of various factors with gene polymorphisms (HR 3.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-7.77). CONCLUSION: The present study found the interaction between TNF-α 1031T/C and HTLV-I to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis-related disease. Further follow-up is warranted to investigate protective factors against developing diseases among susceptible HTLV-I carriers.

12.
Nagoya J Med Sci ; 78(2): 183-93, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27303105

RESUMO

Associations between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes risk are inconsistent in epidemiologic studies. This study investigated the associations of ADH1B and ALDH2 polymorphisms with fasting blood glucose levels, and the impact of the associations of alcohol consumption with fasting blood glucose levels in Japanese individuals. This cross-sectional study included 907 men and 912 women, aged 35-69 years. The subjects were selected from among the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort study across six areas of Japan. The ADH1B and ALDH2 polymorphisms were genotyped by Invader Assays. The ALDH2 Glu504Lys genotypes were associated with different levels of fasting blood glucose in men (P = 0.04). Mean fasting glucose level was positively associated with alcohol consumption in men with the ALDH2 504 Lys allele (P trend = 0.02), but not in men with the ALDH2 504Glu/Glu genotype (P trend = 0.45), resulting in no statistically significant interaction (P = 0.38). Alcohol consumption was associated with elevated fasting blood glucose levels compared with non-consumers in men (P trend = 0.002). The ADH1B Arg48His polymorphism was not associated with FBG levels overall or after stratification for alcohol consumption. These findings suggest that the ALDH2 polymorphism is associated with different levels of fasting blood glucose through alcohol consumption in Japanese men. The interaction of ALDH2 polymorphisms in the association between alcohol consumption and fasting blood glucose warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Adulto , Idoso , Álcool Desidrogenase , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Glicemia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Jejum , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 25(1): 195-201, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26965779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol consumption has a relatively large impact on energy intake in drinkers, and several studies reported different dietary habits from non-drinkers. However, few studies have investigated the influence of alcohol consumption on the validity of the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). To investigate its influence, we conducted a validity test in a population with high alcohol consumption. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study subjects were 66 residents living on an island in the south-western part of Japan. We conducted the FFQ and 12-day-weighed dietary records (12d-WDRs) in each 3 day of each 4 season. We calculated Pearson correlation coefficients (CCs) and agreement rates according to quartile classification after adjusting for energy. RESULTS: The intake energy (kcal) estimated from 12d-WDRs and FFQ was 1,641 and 1,534 in women, and 2,093 and 1,979 in men, respectively. The cumulative percentage contribution of the alcohol energy was 6.7% in men. De-attenuated, log-transformed Pearson's median CCs between the nutrients quantified with the 12d-WDRs and FFQ were 0.51 in women and 0.38 in men. The CCs for carbohydrate and saturated fatty acids intake of men were lower than those in the previous Tokai study using the same FFQ. The findings in agreement rates were consistent with the Tokai study. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that the FFQ can be used for epidemiological studies using categorical comparisons in this population, although the underestimation of carbohydrates and other nutrients in the FFQ should be taken into consideration.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 23(6): 681-91, 2016 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26797265

RESUMO

AIM: Observational studies have reported that elevated homocysteine (Hcy) levels are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, interventions that lower Hcy do not provide a corresponding risk reduction. Therefore, the causal role of Hcy in CVD remains unclear. This 5-year prospective study investigated the associations of Hcy levels, folate intake, and host factors with arterial stiffness among the general Japanese population. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 658 participants (40-69 years old) from the general population during regular health checkup examinations. Arterial stiffness was evaluated using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) at baseline and the 5-year follow-up. Folate intake was estimated using a structured questionnaire. Genotyping was used to evaluate the MTHFR C677T and MS A2756G gene polymorphisms. Ultrafast liquid chromatography was used to measure total plasma Hcy levels. Association between these variables and CAVI values was evaluated using general linear regression and logistic regression models that were adjusted for atherosclerosis-related factors. RESULTS: Men had higher Hcy levels and CAVI values and lower folate intake than women (all, p<0.001). At baseline, Hcy, folate intake, and the two genotypes were not associated with CAVI values for both sexes. Among men, Hcy levels were positively associated with CAVI values at the 5-year follow-up (p=0.033). Folate intake and the two genotypes were not associated with the 5-year CAVI values. CONCLUSION: Plasma Hcy may be involved in arterial stiffness progression, as monitored using CAVI, among men.


Assuntos
Tornozelo/irrigação sanguínea , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Homocisteína/sangue , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
World J Clin Oncol ; 6(3): 25-9, 2015 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26078919

RESUMO

Endoscopy is now being used for breast cancer surgery. Though it is used for mastectomy, lymph node dissection, and breast reconstruction, its prime use is for mastectomy. Because an incision can be placed inconspicuously in the axillary site, a relatively large incision can be created. A retractor with an endoscope, CO2, and an abrasion device with the endoscope are used for operation space security. It is extremely rare that an endoscope is used for lymph node dissection. For breast reconstruction, it may be used for latissimus muscle flap making, but an endoscope is rarely used for other reconstructions. Endoscopic mastectomy is limited to certain institutions and practiced hands, and it has not been significantly developed in breast cancer surgery. On the other hand, endoscopic surgery may be used widely in breast reconstruction. With respect to the spread of robotic surgery, many factors remain uncertain.

16.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 24(3): 195-200, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24911999

RESUMO

Several studies have shown that cigarette smoke inhalation is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer (LC) in European populations. The aim of our study was to clarify the relationship between cigarette smoke inhalation and the risk of LC in a Japanese population. We carried out a large case-control study of cigarette smoking and the risk of LC in Japan. Cases were newly diagnosed patients with histologically confirmed LC (n=653). Controls (n=1281) included hospital controls (n=453) and community-based controls (n=828). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were derived from unconditional logistic regression analysis, adjusted for basic confounding variables including age, sex, drinking status, fruit and vegetable intake, family history of LC, occupation, and years of education. Compared with never smokers, ORs for ever smokers who do not inhale cigarette smoke (noninhalation) and ever smokers who inhale cigarette smoke (inhalation) were 1.72 (95% CI: 1.15-2.59) and 3.28 (95% CI: 2.38-4.53), respectively, when adjusted for basic confounding variables. When the analysis was restricted to ever smokers, the OR adjusted for basic confounding factors and pack-year of the risk of LC in the inhalation group was significantly higher than that in the noninhalation group. OR for the inhalation group compared with the noninhalation group was 1.52 (95% CI: 1.06-2.18, P=0.021). A similar pattern was observed in subcategory analyses for adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma, and other histological types, although without statistical significance. Our case-control study showed that inhalation of cigarette smoke is a significant risk for LC independent from pack-years in a Japanese population.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
17.
Pediatr Int ; 56(4): 640-3, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25252059

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the current human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) prevention system in Kagoshima Prefecture. We investigated the rate of carrier pregnant women from obstetrics facilities in Kagoshima by mail in 2012 and compared our results with previous study results. We interviewed carrier pregnant women about their choices for infant nutrition, and we interviewed midwives about the follow-up system. In 2012, 8719 screening tests were performed, covering 58.1% of all pregnant women in Kagoshima; the rate of carrier pregnant women was 1.3%. Of 59 carriers, 39 chose short-term breast-feeding. The HTLV-I carrier rate among pregnant women in Kagoshima has declined. The current HTLV-I MTCT prevention system in Kagoshima is effective, but not sufficient. To bring the nutrition methods to completion, various types of support are needed. Further studies will elucidate many unsolved problems concerning MTCT.


Assuntos
Infecções por HTLV-I/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HTLV-I/transmissão , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Japão
18.
PLoS One ; 8(12): e82046, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24376512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Gene-gene interactions in the reverse cholesterol transport system for high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) are poorly understood. The present study observed gene-gene combination effect and interactions between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ABCA1, APOA1, SR-B1, and CETP in serum HDL-C from a cross-sectional study in the Japanese population. METHODS: The study population comprised 1,535 men and 1,515 women aged 35-69 years who were enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. We selected 13 SNPs in the ABCA1, APOA1, CETP, and SR-B1 genes in the reverse cholesterol transport system. The effects of genetic and environmental factors were assessed using general linear and logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, and region. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Alcohol consumption and daily activity were positively associated with HDL-C levels, whereas smoking had a negative relationship. The T allele of CETP, rs3764261, was correlated with higher HDL-C levels and had the highest coefficient (2.93 mg/dL/allele) among the 13 SNPs, which was statistically significant after applying the Bonferroni correction (p<0.001). Gene-gene combination analysis revealed that CETP rs3764261 was associated with high HDL-C levels with any combination of SNPs from ABCA1, APOA1, and SR-B1, although no gene-gene interaction was apparent. An increasing trend for serum HDL-C was also observed with an increasing number of alleles (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified a multiplier effect from a polymorphism in CETP with ABCA1, APOA1, and SR-B1, as well as a dose-dependence according to the number of alleles present.


Assuntos
Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/genética , Apolipoproteína A-I/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Proteínas de Transferência de Ésteres de Colesterol/genética , Epistasia Genética , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Geografia , Humanos , Japão , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances
19.
J Epidemiol ; 23(6): 457-65, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24077340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory gene polymorphisms are potentially associated with atherosclerosis risk, but their age-related effects are unclear. To investigate the age-related effects of inflammatory gene polymorphisms on arterial stiffness, we conducted cross-sectional and 5-year follow-up studies using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as a surrogate marker of arterial stiffness. METHODS: We recruited 1850 adults aged 34 to 69 years from the Japanese general population. Inflammatory gene polymorphisms were selected from NF-kB1, CD14, IL-6, IL-10, MCP-1, ICAM-1, and TNF-α. Associations of CAVI with genetic and conventional risk factors were estimated by sex and age group (34-49, 50-59, and 60-69 years) using a general linear model. The association with 5-year change in CAVI was examined longitudinally. RESULTS: Glucose intolerance was associated with high CAVI among women in all age groups, while hypertension was associated with high CAVI among participants in all age groups, except younger women. Mean CAVI for the CD14 CC genotype was lower than those for the TT and CT genotypes (P for trend = 0.005), while the CD14 polymorphism was associated with CAVI only among men aged 34 to 49 years (P = 0.006). No association of the other 6 polymorphisms with CAVI was observed. No association with 5-year change in CAVI was apparent. CONCLUSIONS: Inflammatory gene polymorphisms were not associated with arterial stiffness. To confirm these results, further large-scale prospective studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-6/genética , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Rigidez Vascular/genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Aterosclerose/genética , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Endocr J ; 59(7): 589-99, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22517333

RESUMO

This study examined the associations of the APOA5 T-1131C (rs662799), G553T (Cys185Gly, rs2075291), GCK G-30A (rs1799884), GCKR A/G at intron 16 (rs780094) and T1403C (Leu446Pro, rs1260326) polymorphisms with serum lipid and glucose levels in Japanese, considering lifestyle factors. Study subjects were 2,191 participants (aged 35-69 years, 1,159 males) enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. Dyslipidemia was defined as fasting serum triglycerides (FTG) ≥ 150 mg/dL and/or HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) < 40 mg/dL, while dysglycemia was as fasting blood sugar (FBS) ≥ 110 mg/dL. When those with APOA5 -1131 T/T or 553 G/G were defined as references, those with APOA5 -1131 T/C, C/C or 553 G/T, T/T demonstrated significantly elevated risk of dyslipidemia (age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio: 1.77 [95% confidence interval:1.39-2.27], 3.35 [2.41-4.65], 2.23 [1.64-3.02] and 13.78 [3.44-55.18], respectively). Evaluation of FTG, HDL-C or FBS levels according to the genotype revealed that FTG and HDL-C levels were significantly associated with the APOA5 T-1131C and G553T polymorphisms, FTG with the GCKR rs780094 and rs1260326 polymorphisms, and FBS with the GCKR rs780094 and rs1260326 polymorphisms. Moreover, a significant positive interaction between APOA5 553 G/T+T/T genotypes and fat intake ≥ 25% of total energy for the risk of dyslipidemia was observed. Our cross-sectional study confirmed the essential roles of the polymorphisms of the APOA5, GCK and GCKR in the lipid or glucose metabolism disorders, and suggested the importance of fat intake control in the individualized prevention of dyslipidemia.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Apolipoproteínas A/genética , Dislipidemias/genética , Glucoquinase/genética , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/genética , Estilo de Vida , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Apolipoproteína A-V , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/etnologia , Dislipidemias/etiologia , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/etnologia , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/fisiologia , Fatores de Risco
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