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1.
Int Heart J ; 61(2): 281-288, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956135

RESUMO

It has been recently recognized that recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), termed "recovered EF", occurs in a proportion of heart failure patients with reduced EF (HFrEF), and is associated with better prognosis. However, the clinical characteristics of "recovered EF" have not been fully examined.Consecutive 567 patients hospitalized due to HFrEF (EF < 40% at 1st assessment at hospital discharge) were enrolled, and EF was re-assessed within half a year in an outpatient setting (2nd assessment). Among these HFrEF patients, 235 remained EF < 40% (reduced, rEF group), 82 changed to EF 40-49% (midrange, mrEF group), and 250 recovered to EF > 50% (preserved, pEF group "recovered EF" ) at the 2nd examination. Age was lower and body mass index and systolic blood pressure were higher in pEF than in rEF. The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and usage of an implantable cardiac defibrillator and cardiac resynchronization therapy were highest in pEF. Left ventricular end diastolic dimension (LVDd) was the smallest in the pEF group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that younger age, presence of AF, and lower levels of LVDd were predictors of "recovered EF". Kaplan-Meier analysis found that pEF presented the lowest cardiac event rate (P = 0.003) and all-cause mortality (P = 0.001). In multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses, pEF (versus rEF) was an independent predictor of both cardiac event rate (HR = 0.668, 95%CI 0.450-0.994, P = 0.046) and all-cause mortality (HR = 0.655, 95%CI 0.459-0.934, P = 0.019).Hospitalized HFrEF patients with recovered EF are associated with younger age, higher presence of AF, and better prognosis.

2.
Int Heart J ; 60(6): 1253-1258, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666454

RESUMO

On March 11, 2011, a great earthquake, known as the Great East Japan Earthquake, hit northeastern Japan, resulting in a tsunami that caused a nuclear disaster, the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, forcing about 160,000 people to evacuate. We, therefore, sought to examine the effects of this evacuation on the onset of cardiovascular diseases and sudden death (SD) in Fukushima Prefecture, three years after the earthquake. We divided the evacuation zone into two areas, whole evacuation zone (Area 1) and partial evacuation zone (Area 2), and we defined the north district of the prefecture as the control area (Area 3). We cross-referenced the death certificate data with data from the Fukushima Prefecture acute myocardial infarction registration survey. For each area, we tallied the number of people who fell into the SD, myocardial infarction (MI), and MI suspected groups. We calculated the age-adjusted incidence rates and analyzed the differences in the adjusted incidence rates across three years using a Poisson regression model. The age-adjusted death rate of the SD group was significantly higher in 2011 in all areas than in 2012 or 2013 (P < 0.05). The total death rate was higher in Area 1 in March 2011, just after the disaster, than in the other two areas. The rate of SD was also higher in Area 1 than in the other areas in March 2011. The incidence of sudden cardiac death might have increased just after the Great East Japan Earthquake in the evacuation area, but not in other areas in Fukushima Prefecture.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita/epidemiologia , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Tsunamis , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16162, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277119

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The health vulnerability of certain populations such as children, the elderly and individuals with illnesses or physical disability can become significant in disasters. After the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, significant health impacts on vulnerable populations were observed during early or mid-term phase of the disaster, presumably associated with the evacuation. However, there is limited information available on the health impacts owing to long-term evacuation after disaster among them. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old physically challenged male with arteriovenous malformation on his right lower limb, diagnosed when he was 2 years' old, lived near the FDNPP. He and his family were forced to evacuate immediately after the accident. DIAGNOSIS: Three months after evacuation following the FDNPP accident, he developed a refractory foot ulcer associated with atrial fibrillation and congestive cardiac failure because of deterioration of arteriovenous malformation, presumably led by repeated evacuations. INTERVENTION: Although anticoagulation therapy and diuretic therapy improved his cardiac failure in the initial admission, he decided to only be treated with supportive care after revelation that his arteriovenous malformation was no longer eligible for aggressive intervention. OUTCOME: Three years after the long-term evacuation in temporary houses, the patient died of bleeding and infection of the ulcer. LESSONS: This case suggests that long-term evacuation for individuals with physical disability may lead to significant health impacts, and even premature death, through the deterioration of daily life activities due to physical and psychological burdens. This case presents a need for further research on ways that disasters impact the health of individuals with physical disabilities, and greater disaster preparation for the needs of populations with physical disabilities.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas/complicações , Úlcera do Pé/complicações , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade Prematura , Populações Vulneráveis
4.
Circ J ; 83(8): 1709-1717, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) and cancer (CA) are becoming increasingly prevalent as the population ages. We aimed to evaluate prior history and occurrence of CA and its prognostic impact on HF.Methods and Results:Consecutive hospitalized HF patients (n=2,103) were divided into 2 groups according to prior history of CA: non-prior-CA group (n=1,828) and prior-CA group (n=275). Compared with the non-prior-CA group, the prior-CA group were older, and had higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease, anemia, and atrial fibrillation (P<0.05). In contrast, sex, other comorbidities, levels of natriuretic peptide and ejection fraction were comparable between groups. We focused on newly diagnosed CA after discharge for HF. In the follow-up period (median 623 days), 114 (6.2%) patients in the non-prior-CA and 17 (6.2%) patients in the prior-CA groups were newly diagnosed as having CA. Additionally, 83 (3.9%) CA-related patient deaths occurred (median 776 days). In the Kaplan-Meier analysis (median 1,037 days), not only all-cause death but also cardiac event rate was significantly higher in the prior-CA group than in the non-prior-CA group (log-rank P<0.01). In the Cox proportional hazard analysis, CA history was a predictor of cardiac event rate (HR 1.450, 95% CI 1.134-1.822), as well as all-cause death (HR 2.483, 95% CI 2.034-3.030). CONCLUSIONS: Prior-CA history was associated with high cardiac event and mortality rates. CA is notable comorbidity in HF patients.

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 6(5)2017 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28512114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been recently reported that histamine H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) are associated with impairment of ventricular remodeling and incident heart failure. In addition, favorable pleiotropic effects and adverse effects of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on cardiovascular disease have also been reported. We examined the associations of acid suppressive therapy using H2RAs or PPIs with cardiac mortality in patients with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 1191 consecutive heart failure patients were divided into 3 groups: a non-acid suppressive therapy group (n=363), an H2RA group (n=164), and a PPI group (n=664). In the follow-up period (mean 995 days), 169 cardiac deaths occurred. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, cardiac mortality was significantly lower in the PPI group than in the H2RA and non-acid suppressive therapy groups (11.0% versus 21.3% and 16.8%, respectively; log-rank P=0.004). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis, use of PPIs, but not H2RAs, was found to be an independent predictor of cardiac mortality (PPIs: hazard ratio 0.488, P=0.002; H2RAs: hazard ratio 0.855, P=0.579). The propensity-matched 1:1 cohort was assessed based on propensity score (H2RAs, n=164; PPIs, n=164). Cardiac mortality was significantly lower in the PPI group than in the H2RA group in the postmatched cohort (log-rank P=0.025). In the Cox proportional hazards analysis, the use of PPIs was a predictor of cardiac mortality in the postmatched cohort (hazard ratio 0.528, P=0.028). CONCLUSIONS: PPIs may be associated with better outcome in patients with heart failure.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos H2/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Gastroenteropatias/mortalidade , Gastroenteropatias/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Polimedicação , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Proteção , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
9.
ESC Heart Fail ; 3(4): 261-269, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27867527

RESUMO

AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with heart failure (HF). CHA2DS2-VASc score was originally employed as a risk assessment tool for stroke in patients with AF; however, it has recently been used to predict not only stroke but also various cardiovascular diseases beyond the original AF field. We aimed to verify the CHA2DS2-VASc score as a risk assessment tool to predict mortality in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive 1011 patients admitted for treatment of HF were divided into three groups based on their CHA2DS2-VASc scores: score 1-3 group (n = 317), score 4-6 group (n = 549) and score 7-9 group (n = 145). Of the 1011 HF patients, 387 (38.3%) had AF. We compared patient characteristics among the three groups and prospectively followed for all-cause mortality. Although left ventricular ejection fraction was similar among all three groups, all-cause mortality was higher in the score 4-6 group and score 7-9 group than in the score 1-3 group (37.9 and 29.3% vs. 15.1%, log-rank P < 0.001). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis, the CHA2DS2-VASc score 7-9 was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (all HF patients: hazard ratio (HR) 1.822, P = 0.011; HF patients with AF: HR 1.951, P = 0.031; HF patients without AF: HR 2.215, P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: The CHA2DS2-VASc score was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in HF patients with or without AF. This comprehensive risk assessment score may help identify HF patients who are at high risk for mortality in HF patient.

10.
ESC Heart Fail ; 3(2): 77-85, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27774270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) and diabetes mellitus (DM) often co-exist. Treatment of DM in HF patients is challenging because some therapies for DM are contraindicated in HF. Although previous experimental studies have reported that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve cardiovascular function, whether DPP-4 inhibition improves mortality of HF patients with DM remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the impact of DPP-4 inhibition on mortality in hospitalized HF patients using propensity score analyses. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed observational study analysed by propensity score method with 962 hospitalized HF patients. Of these patients, 293 (30.5%) had DM, and 122 of these DM patients were treated with DPP-4 inhibitors. Propensity scores for treatment with DPP-4 inhibitors were estimated for each patient by logistic regression with clinically relevant baseline variables. The propensity-matched 1:1 cohorts were assessed based on propensity scores (DPP-4 inhibitors, n = 83, and non-DPP-4 inhibitors, n = 83). Kaplan-Meier analysis in the propensity score-matched cohort demonstrated that cardiac and all-cause mortality was significantly lower in the DPP-4 inhibitor group than in the non-DPP-4 inhibitor group (cardiac mortality: 4.8% vs. 18.1%, P = 0.015; all-cause mortality: 14.5% vs. 41.0%, P = 0.003, by a log-rank test). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses, after adjusting for other potential confounding factors, the use of DPP-4 inhibitors was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (pre-matched cohort: hazard ratio 0.467, P = 0.010; post-matched cohort: hazard ratio 0.370, P = 0.003) in HF patients with DM. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that DPP-4 inhibitors may improve cardiac and all-cause mortality in hospitalized HF patients with DM.

11.
Circ J ; 80(7): 1571-7, 2016 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27194467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia is associated with incident heart failure (HF), but the clinical significance and impact of insomnia on HF remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive 1,011 patients admitted for HF were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of insomnia: HF with insomnia (insomnia group, n=519) and HF without insomnia (non-insomnia group, n=492). We compared (1) cardiac event rates including cardiac death and worsening HF; and (2) underlying clinical background including laboratory data, echocardiographic data, and cardiopulmonary exercise test between the 2 groups. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, cardiac event rate was significantly higher in the insomnia group than in the non-insomnia group (39.1 vs. 23.4%, P<0.001). The insomnia group, as compared with the non-insomnia group, had (1) higher plasma renin activity (P=0.042), renin concentration (P=0.007), and aldosterone (P=0.047); (2) lower peak V̇O2(14.9 vs. 16.3 ml/kg/min, P=0.002) and higher V̇E/V̇CO2slope (36.0 vs. 33.5, P=0.001); and (3) similar B-type natriuretic peptide and left ventricular ejection fraction. Importantly, on multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis after adjusting for potential confounding factors, insomnia was an independent predictor of cardiac events in HF patients (hazard ratio, 1.899; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Insomnia is an independent predictor of cardiac events in HF patients. HF patients with insomnia have activated renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and lower exercise capacity. (Circ J 2016; 80: 1571-1577).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/sangue , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
J Card Fail ; 22(12): 962-969, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27138463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) lowers the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular events, particularly ischemic heart disease. In addition, the ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; n-3 PUFA) to arachidonic acid (AA; n-6 PUFA) has recently been recognized as a risk marker of cardiovascular disease. In contrast, the prognostic impact of the EPA/AA ratio on patients with heart failure (HF) remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 577 consecutive patients admitted for HF were divided into 2 groups based on median of the EPA/AA ratio: low EPA/AA (EPA/AA <0.32 mg/dl, n = 291) and high EPA/AA (EPA/AA ≥0.32, n = 286) groups. We compared laboratory data and echocardiographic findings and followed cardiac mortality. Although body mass index, blood pressure, B-type natriuretic peptide, hemoglobin, estimated glomerular filtration rate, total protein, albumin, sodium, C-reactive protein, and left ventricular ejection fraction did not differ between the 2 groups, cardiac mortality was significantly higher in the low EPA/AA group than in the high EPA/AA group (12.7 vs 5.9%, log-rank P = .004). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that the EPA/AA ratio was an independent predictor of cardiac mortality (hazard ratio 0.677, 95% confidence interval 0.453-0.983, P = .041) in patients with HF. CONCLUSION: The EPA/AA ratio was an independent predictor of cardiac mortality in patients with HF; therefore, the prognosis of patients with HF may be improved by taking appropriate management to control the EPA/AA balance.


Assuntos
Ácido Araquidônico/sangue , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 309(7): H1123-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26297226

RESUMO

Serum uric acid is a predictor of cardiovascular mortality in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, the impact of uric acid on heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. Here, we investigated the association between hyperuricemia and mortality in HFpEF patients. Consecutive 424 patients, who were admitted to our hospital for decompensated heart failure and diagnosed as having HFpEF, were divided into two groups based on presence of hyperuricemia (serum uric acid ≥7 mg/dl or taking antihyperuricemic agents). We compared patient characteristics, echocardiographic data, cardio-ankle vascular index, and cardiopulmonary exercise test findings between the two groups and prospectively followed cardiac and all-cause mortality. Compared with the non-hyperuricemia group (n = 170), the hyperuricemia group (n = 254) had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P = 0.013), diabetes mellitus (P = 0.01), dyslipidemia (P = 0.038), atrial fibrillation (P = 0.001), and use of diuretics (P < 0.001). Cardio-ankle vascular index (8.7 vs. 7.5, P < 0.001) and V̇e/V̇co2 slope (34.9 vs. 31.9, P = 0.02) were also higher. In addition, peak V̇o2 (14.9 vs. 17.9 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1), P < 0.001) was lower. In the follow-up period (mean 897 days), cardiac and all-cause mortalities were significantly higher in those with hyperuricemia (P = 0.006 and P = 0.004, respectively). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses after adjustment for several confounding factors including chronic kidney disease and use of diuretics, hyperuricemia was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.98, 95% confidence interval 1.036-3.793, P = 0.039). Hyperuricemia is associated with arterial stiffness, impaired exercise capacity, and high mortality in HFpEF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Volume Sistólico , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Card Fail ; 21(8): 621-7, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25982827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease--mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD) are associated with vascular calcification and abnormal electrolytes that lead to cardiovascular disease and mortality. CKD-MBD is identified by imbalances in serum calcium (Ca), phosphate, and parathyroid hormone (PTH). Although the relation of phosphate and PTH with the prognosis of HF patients has been reported, the association of Ca with prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF) and CKD remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 191 patients admitted for HF and CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL min(-1) 1.73 m(-2)), and they were divided into 2 groups based on levels of corrected Ca: low Ca (Ca <8.4 mg/dL; n = 32) and normal-high Ca (8.4 ≤Ca; n = 159). We compared laboratory and echocardiographic findings, as well as followed cardiac and all-cause mortality. The low-Ca group had 1) higher levels of alkaline phosphatase (308.9 vs. 261.0 U/L; P = .026), 2) lower levels of 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D (26.1 vs. 45.0 pg/mL; P = .011) and hydrogen carbonate (22.4 vs. 24.5 mmol/L; P = .031), and 3) a tendency to have a higher PTH level (87.5 vs. 58.6 pg/mL; P = .084). In contrast, left and right ventricular systolic function, estimated glomerular filtration rate, urine protein, phosphate, sodium, potassium, magnesium, and zinc did not differ between the 2 groups. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, cardiac and all-cause mortality were significantly higher in the low-Ca group than in the normal-high-Ca group (P < .05). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses, hypocalcemia was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in HF and CKD patients (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Hypocalcemia was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in HF and CKD patients.


Assuntos
Cálcio/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hipocalcemia/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Circ J ; 79(4): 785-93, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25739573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of peripheral artery disease (PAD) on heart failure (HF) prognosis remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 388 consecutive decompensated HF patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence of PAD: HF with PAD (PAD group, n=101, 26.0%) and HF without PAD (non-PAD group, n=287, 74.0%). We compared clinical features, echocardiographic parameters, cardiopulmonary exercise testing results, laboratory findings, as well as cardiac, non-cardiac, and all-cause mortality between the 2 groups. The PAD group, as compared with the non-PAD group, had (1) higher prevalence of coronary artery disease (40.6 vs. 27.5%, P=0.011) and cerebrovascular disease (34.7 vs. 18.2%, P=0.001); (2) higher tumor necrosis factor-α (1.82 vs. 1.49 pg/ml, P=0.023), C-reactive protein (0.32 vs. 0.19 mg/dl, P=0.045), and troponin T (0.039 vs. 0.021 ng/ml, P=0.019); (3) lower LVEF (42.4 vs. 48.5%, P<0.001); (4) lower peak V̇O2(13.4 vs. 15.9 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1), P=0.001); and (5) higher V̇E/V̇CO2slope (38.8 vs. 33.7, P<0.001). On Kaplan-Meier analysis, cardiac, non-cardiac, and all-cause mortality were significantly higher in the PAD group than in the non-PAD group (P<0.05, respectively). On Cox proportional hazard analysis after adjusting for confounding factors, PAD was an independent predictor of cardiac and all-cause mortality (P<0.05, respectively) in HF patients. CONCLUSIONS: PAD was common and an independent predictor of cardiac and all-cause mortality in HF patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ultrassonografia
17.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 44(12): 1197-205, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25331191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with incident heart failure (HF), but paradoxically associated with better prognosis, recognized as the obesity paradox in HF. However, the impact of BMI on detailed prognosis on HF and the mechanism of obesity paradox remain still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We researched consecutive 648 patients admitted for HF as follows: underweight (BMI < 18·5 kg/m(2) , n = 86), normal (18·5 ≤ BMI < 25, n = 380), overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30, n = 147) and obese (30 ≤ BMI, n = 35) and compared the results from their laboratory tests and echocardiography. We also followed cardiac and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Obese group had a higher prevalence of obesity-related comorbidity (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia); however, tumour necrosis factor-α, adiponectin, troponin T and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure were higher in the underweight group than in the other groups (P < 0·05, respectively). Left and right ventricular systolic function did not differ among the groups. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, cardiac and all-cause mortality progressively increased from obese to overweight, normal and underweight group. Importantly, in the Cox proportional hazard analyses after adjusting for known risk factors, BMI was an independent predictor of cardiac and all-cause mortality (P < 0·01, respectively) in HF patients. CONCLUSIONS: Body mass index was an independent predictor of cardiac death and all-cause mortality in HF patients. Furthermore, lower BMI was associated with higher circulating levels of tumour necrosis factor-α, adiponectin and troponin T and higher systolic pulmonary arterial pressure.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Obesidade/mortalidade , Adiponectina/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Troponina T/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
18.
PLoS One ; 9(6): e101307, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24968229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Additionally, heart rate turbulence (HRT) reflects changes in the sinus cycle length of baroreceptor in response to hemodynamic fluctuations after ventricular premature beat. Recent studies have suggested that HRT as a marker of vagal activity has a predictive value of poor prognosis in CHF patients. However, little is known about the relationship between SDB and HRT in CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 75 patients with CHF were enrolled. We simultaneously performed Holter ECG during a 24-hr period and portable sleep monitoring at nighttime, and determined the respiratory disturbance index (RDI), HRT (turbulence onset (TO) and turbulence slope (TS)) during that 24-hr period. These patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of severe SDB: Group A (RDI≥30, n = 17) and Group B (RDI<30, n = 58). TS was significantly lower in Group A than in Group B across the 24-hr period (nighttime: 3.6±1.1 vs. 6.9±1.3; daytime: 3.7±0.8 vs. 7.0±1.1; all-day: 3.5±0.7 vs. 6.7±0.9% ms/RR, P<0.05, respectively). TO did not differ between the two groups. Furthermore, there was a significant negative correlation between all-day TS and RDI (R = -0.257, P = 0.027). Moreover, in the multiple regression analysis, RDI was an independent factor to determine all-day TS. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with severe SDB, blunted TS was observed across 24 hours. These results suggest that SDB induce impairment of vagal activity across a 24-hour period and may be associated with poor prognosis in CHF patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Respiração , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico
19.
PLoS One ; 9(6): e100618, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24955578

RESUMO

AIMS: Liver dysfunction due to heart failure (HF) is often referred to as cardiac or congestive hepatopathy. The composite Model for End-Stage Liver Disease excluding INR (MELD-XI) is a robust scoring system of liver function, and a high score is associated with poor prognosis in advanced HF patients with a heart transplantation and/or ventricular assist device. However, the impact of MELD-XI on the prognosis of HF patients in general remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 562 patients who were admitted to our hospital for the treatment of decompensated HF. A MELD-XI score was graded, and patients were divided into two groups based on the median value of MELD-XI score: Group L (MELD-XI <10, n = 289) and Group H (MELD-XI ≥10, n = 273). We compared all-cause mortality and echocardiographic findings between the two groups. In the follow-up period (mean 471 days), 104 deaths (62 cardiac deaths and 42 non-cardiac deaths) were observed. The event (cardiac death, non-cardiac death, all-cause death)-free rate was significantly higher in group L than in group H (logrank P<0.05, respectively). In the Cox proportional hazard analysis, a high MELD-XI score was found to be an independent predictor of cardiac deaths and all-cause mortality in HF patients. Regarding echocardiographic parameters, right atrial and ventricular areas, inferior vena cava diameter, and systolic pulmonary artery pressure were higher in group H than in group L (P<0.05, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The MELD-XI scoring system, a marker of liver function, can identify high-risk patients with right heart volume overload, higher pulmonary arterial pressure and multiple organ failure associated with HF.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Doença Hepática Terminal/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Hepatopatias/complicações , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Morte , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Ultrassonografia
20.
J Cardiol ; 64(4): 256-64, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24674751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often coexists with heart failure (HF), and is considered to be associated with adverse outcomes in HF patients. However, the features of cardiovascular function and the detailed all-cause mortality of HF with COPD remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive 378 patients admitted for HF who underwent spirometry were divided into three groups: HF without COPD (non-COPD group, n=272), HF with mild COPD (GOLD I group, n=82), and HF with moderate COPD (GOLD II group, n=24). The GOLD II group, as compared to non-COPD group, had (1) higher troponin T (p=0.009); (2) greater cardio-ankle vascular index (p=0.032); and (3) similar cardiac systolic and diastolic function of the right and left ventricle. In addition, rates of cardiac (p=0.049), non-cardiac (p=0.001), and all-cause mortality (p=0.002) were higher in GOLD II group than in non-COPD and GOLD I groups. Importantly, in the Cox proportional hazard analyses, the GOLD stage II was an independent predictor of cardiac (p=0.038), non-cardiac (p=0.036), and all-cause mortality (p=0.015) in HF patients. CONCLUSIONS: HF patients with coexistent moderate COPD (GOLD stage II) have greater myocardial damage, greater arterial stiffness, and higher cardiac and non-cardiac mortality.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Troponina T , Rigidez Vascular
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