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Chemosphere ; 262: 128215, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182126

RESUMO

The effluent from conventional treatment process (including anaerobic digestion and anoxic-oxic treatment) for pig farm wastewater was difficult to treat due to its low ratio of biochemical oxygen demand to chemical oxygen demand (BOD5/CODCr) (<0.1). In the present study, electro-Fenton (EF) was used to improve the biodegradability of the mentioned effluent and the properties of self-prepared CeO2-doped multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) electrodes were also studied. An excellent H2O2 production (165 mg L-1) was recorded, after an 80-min electrolysis, when the mass ratio of MWCNTs, CeO2 and pore-forming agent (NH4HCO3) was 6:1:1. Results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed that addition of NH4HCO3 and the doping of CeO2 could increase the superficial area of the electrode as well as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electro-catalytic performance. The BOD5/CODCr of the wastewater from the first stage AO process increased from 0.08 to 0.45 and CODCr reduced 71.5% after an 80-min electrolysis, with 0.3 mM Fe2+ solution. The non-biodegradable chemical pollutants from the first stage AO process were degraded by EF. The non-biodegradable pollutants identified by LC-MS/MS in the effluent from AO process including aminopyrine, oxadixyl and 3-methyl-2-quinoxalinecarboxylic acid could be degraded by EF process, with the removal rates of 81.86%, 34.39% and 7.13% in 80 min, and oxytetracycline with the removal rate of 100% in 20 min. Therefore, electro-Fenton with the new CeO2-doped MWCNTs cathode electrode will be a promising supplement for advanced treatment of pig farm wastewater.


Assuntos
Cério/química , Eletrólise/métodos , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Animais , Biodegradação Ambiental , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Catálise , Eletrodos , Fazendas , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Oxirredução , Suínos
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