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1.
Am Heart J ; 217: 32-41, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473325

RESUMO

Limited evidence is available on 5-year clinical outcomes after percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair. METHODS: The Getting Reduction of mitrAl inSufficiency by Percutaneous clip implantation in ITaly (GRASP-IT) is a multicenter registry including 304 consecutive patients undergoing Mitraclip between October 2008 and October 2013 at 4 Italian centers. Primary endpoint (all-cause mortality) and secondary endpoint (all-cause mortality or heart failure [HF] hospitalization) were evaluated up to 5years and between 1 and 5years. RESULTS: Cumulative incidence of the primary and secondary endpoints at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5years were 15.1%, 26.4%, 35.5%, 42.1%, and 47.3% and 29.1%, 41.7%, 49.8%, 56%, and 62.3%, respectively. Landmark analysis between 1 and 5years showed an incidence of primary and secondary end point of 37.9% and 46.8%, respectively. Five-year event rates were significantly higher in patients with functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) compared to other etiologies. MR recurrence and left ventricular ejection fraction <30% were associated with an increased risk of both primary and secondary end points. EuroSCORE II>5% was associated with an increased risk of 5-year mortality. Ischemic etiology of MR, baseline serumcreatinine>1.5mg/dL, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and previous HF hospitalizations were independent predictors of 5-year secondary end point. CONCLUSIONS: At 5-yearfollow-up after Mitraclip, nearly half of patients died and almost twothirds died or were admitted for HF. MR recurrence, ischemic etiology, high comorbidity burden (ie, EuroSCORE II>5%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and advanced cardiomyopathy (ie, left ventricular ejection fraction <30%, prior HF admission, creatinine>1.5mg/dL) significantly increase the relative risk of 5-year clinical events.

2.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504405

RESUMO

AIMS: The CLIMA study, on the relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and twelve months clinical outcome, was designed to explore the predictive value of multiple high-risk plaque features in the same coronary lesion [minimum lumen area (MLA), fibrous cap thickness (FCT), lipid arc circumferential extension, and presence of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined macrophages] as detected by OCT. Composite of cardiac death and target segment myocardial infarction was the primary clinical endpoint. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 2013 to December 2016, 1003 patients undergoing OCT evaluation of the untreated proximal left anterior descending coronary artery in the context of clinically indicated coronary angiogram were prospectively enrolled at 11 independent centres (clinicaltrial.gov identifier NCT02883088). At 1-year, the primary clinical endpoint was observed in 37 patients (3.7%). In a total of 1776 lipid plaques, presence of MLA <3.5 mm2 [hazard ratio (HR) 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-4.0], FCT <75 µm (HR 4.7, 95% CI 2.4-9.0), lipid arc circumferential extension >180° (HR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-4.8), and OCT-defined macrophages (HR 2.7, 95% CI 1.2-6.1) were all associated with increased risk of the primary endpoint. The pre-specified combination of plaque features (simultaneous presence of the four OCT criteria in the same plaque) was observed in 18.9% of patients experiencing the primary endpoint and was an independent predictor of events (HR 7.54, 95% CI 3.1-18.6). CONCLUSION: The simultaneous presence of four high-risk OCT plaque features was found to be associated with a higher risk of major coronary events.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the baseline features and clinical outcomes of patients younger than 80 years undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) enrolled in the OBservational Study of Effectiveness of SAVR-TAVR procedures for severe Aortic steNosis Treatment (OBSERVANT) real-world study, focusing on variables guiding Heart Team decision toward TAVI. BACKGROUND: Patients treated with TAVI, independently of surgical risk score, are mostly older than 80 years. METHODS: OBSERVANT is a multicenter, observational, prospective cohort study that enrolled patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) who underwent SAVR or TAVI from December 2010 to June 2012 in 93 Italian participating hospitals. For this analysis, baseline characteristics, therapeutic approach and outcomes up to 5 years of follow-up of 4,801 patients under 80 years of age were collected. Patients were stratified by age classes (<65, 65-74, and 75-79 years). RESULTS: Patients <80 years of age with severe symptomatic AS undergoing TAVI (n = 483) had significantly higher Logistic EuroSCORE (10.84% vs. 5.22%, p < .001) and prevalence of comorbidities compared to subjects undergoing SAVR (n = 4,318). The decision to perform TAVI over SAVR was driven by anatomical factors, mainly previous cardiac surgery (odds ratio [OR] 24.73, confidence interval [CI] 12.71-48.10, p < .001) and the presence of porcelain aorta (OR 17.44, CI 6.67-45.55, p < .001), and clinical factors, mainly moderate-severe frailty score (OR 5.49, CI 3.33-9.07, p < .001), oxygen dependency (OR 7.42, CI 2.75-20.04, p < .001) and need for dialytic treatment (OR 5.24, CI 1.54-17.80, p < .008). Among patients undergoing TAVI, those under 65 years had the highest baseline risk profile (despite a low Logistic EuroSCORE) and the highest 5-year mortality compared to those 65-74 and 75-79-year-old (65.22% vs. 48.54% vs. 55.24%, log-rank p = .061). CONCLUSION: Among patients under 80 years of age with symptomatic severe AS, only 10% underwent TAVI. These patients were at higher baseline risk compared to those undergoing SAVR. The decision to perform TAVI was driven by the presence of both anatomical and clinical factors beyond surgical risk scores. Patients under 65 years of age, despite the low Logistic EuroSCORE, had the highest preoperative risk profile and carried the worse outcome.

4.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(7): 866-874, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the gold standard for severe valvular aortic stenosis in patients at high/prohibitive surgical risk. This procedure has also been used in patients with previous mitral valve (MV) prostheses, with contrasting outcomes reported. The aim of this study is to describe procedural and early outcomes of patients with previous MV prostheses undergoing TAVR. METHODS: This is a retrospective registry of 154 patients with previous MV prostheses who underwent TAVR across high-volume medical centres at a mean of 11.7 ± 8.4 years after mitral surgery. RESULTS: Mean mitroaortic distance at computed tomography was 9.7 ± 4.8 mm. Procedural success was achieved in 150 (97.4%) patients, with reduction of aortic gradients (42.6 ± 14.2 to 10.0 ± 7.0 mm Hg; P < 0.001). Device success was achieved in 133 (86.3%) patients. MV prosthesis interference by the TAVR device was observed in 2 patients; in both, the mitroaortic distance was <5 mm, with 1 complicated by TAVR prosthesis embolization. Periprocedural complications included 4 (2.6%) cerebrovascular accidents, 10 (6.6%) major vascular complications, 22 (14.4%) severe bleedings, 1 (0.7%) myocardial infarction, and 5 (3.2%) in-hospital deaths (all cases cardiovascular or procedure related). At a median follow-up of 13.5 (interquartile range 1.0 to 36.0) months, 26 (16.9%) deaths occurred; 15 (9.7%) were cardiac related. Late fatal mitral prosthesis thromboses occurred in 2 patients. We recorded a case of fatal hemorrhagic stroke; hospital readmission was observed in 25 (16.2%) patients due to worsening heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR in patients with previous mitral prostheses appears to be safe and feasible, with good hemodynamic results at 30-day and at longer-term follow-up.

5.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(7): e007825, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The OBSERVANT study (Observational Study of Effectiveness of SAVR-TAVI Procedures for Severe Aortic Stenosis Treatment) showed that mortality at 1 year is similar after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for real-world propensity-matched patients with aortic stenosis at low and intermediate risk. We report the 5-year outcomes of the Italian OBSERVANT study. METHODS AND RESULTS: The unadjusted enrolled population (N=7618) between December 2010 and June 2012 included 5707 patients on SAVR and 1911 patients on TAVR. The propensity score method was applied to select 2 groups with similar baseline characteristics. All outcomes were adjudicated through a linkage with administrative databases. The primary end points of this analysis were death from any cause and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 5 years. The matched population had a total of 1300 patients (650 per group). The propensity score method generated a low and intermediate-risk population (mean logistic EuroSCORE 2: 5.1±6.2% versus 4.9±5.1%, SAVR versus transfemoral TAVR; P=0.485). At 5 years, the rate of 5 death from any cause was 35.8% in the surgical group and 48.3% in the transcatheter group (hazard ratio, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.12-1.69; P=0.002). Similarly, TAVR was associated with an increased risk of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events as compared with SAVR (42.5% versus 54.0%; hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.11-1.63; P=0.003). The cumulative incidence of cerebrovascular events, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization were similar in the study groups at 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that at 5 years, in a real-world population with severe aortic stenosis and at low and intermediate risk, suggest that SAVR is associated in with lower mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events rates than transfemoral TAVR performed using first-generation devices. These data need to be confirmed in randomized trials using new-generation TAVR devices.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1566-1576, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of oral anticoagulation (OAC) type on clinical outcomes 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are superior to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), while their comparative performance among patients in need of OAC undergoing TAVR is underinvestigated. METHODS: The study enrolled 962 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR in 4 tertiary European centers and were discharged on either NOACs (n = 326) or VKAs (n = 636). By using propensity scores for inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW), the comparison of treatment groups was adjusted to correct for potential confounding. RESULTS: Mean age and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of the population were 81.3 ± 6.3 years and 4.5% (interquartile range: 3.0% to 7.3%); 52.5% were women and a balloon-expandable valve was used in 62.7% of cases. The primary outcome of interest, combined incidence of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and any cerebrovascular event at 1-year after TAVR, was 21.2% with NOACs versus 15.0% with VKAs (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00 to 2.07; p = 0.050, IPTW-adjusted). The 1-year incidence of any Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeds and all-cause mortality were comparable between the NOAC and VKA groups, 33.9% versus 34.1% (HR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.74 to 1.26; p = 0.838, IPTW-adjusted) and 16.5% versus 12.2% (HR: 1.36; 95% CI: 0.90 to 2.06; p = 0.136, IPTW-adjusted), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic use of both NOACs and VKAs among patients in need of OAC after TAVR are comparable regarding 1-year bleeding risk. The higher ischemic event rate observed with NOACs needs to be evaluated in large randomized trials.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175527

RESUMO

The Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) promised to avoid some of the disadvantages of its metal predecessors. Even though it has been taken off the market, limited data is available about its use in coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) and its performance in overlap segments, which would be of special research interest due to its large thickness. This data is still pertinent since the platform of bioresorbable devices has not been abandoned, with several companies working on it. We aimed to compare healing and performance between overlap (OL) and non-overlap regions (NOL) of CTO lesions treated with BVS, using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Fourteen patients with overlapping BVS were included from the GHOST-CTO registry, resulting in 25 OL and 38 NOL regions. OCT based parameters were compared between OL and NOL groups at baseline (post-implantation) and 12-month follow-up. The mean age was 61.7 ± 7.2 years and 12 (86%) were males. Twelve (86%) patients underwent PCI for stable coronary artery disease and 2 (14%) had unstable angina. At 12-month follow-up, mean lumen area decreased in both NOL and OL regions, but the decrease was significantly larger in the OL region (NOL - 0.7 ± 1.33 vs. OL - 2.4 ± 1.54 mm2; p = 0.002). Mean scaffold area increased in both regions, but increased significantly more in NOL ( + 1.1 ± 1.54 vs. + 0.4 ± 1.16 mm2; p = 0.016). The percent of uncovered struts was lower in the OL group (5.0 ± 6.6% vs. 3.75 ± 8.7%, p = 0.043), whereas the percentage of malapposed struts was similar (0.3 ± 0.5% vs. 0.7 ± 2.3%, p = 0.441). Neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) was more pronounced in the OL region (0.13 ± 0.04 vs. 0.24 ± 0.10 mm2, p = 0.001). The OL and NOL segments showed comparable healing in terms of coverage and malapposition. However, NIH was more prominent in OL region. The long-term clinical implications of these findings needs further evaluation. The present study provides important insights for future development of BVS technology.

8.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 17(7): 479-496, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198065

RESUMO

Introduction: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is the treatment of choice for a large proportion of patients with severe aortic stenosis. Despite numerous technological and clinical advances, TAVI remains associated with thrombotic complications requiring antithrombotic pharmacotherapy, which exposes to the risk of bleeding, especially in elderly individuals. The optimal antithrombotic regimen following TAVI is uncertain and several investigations are ongoing. Areas covered: Clinical guidelines are mostly driven by observational trials and experts' opinions, thus resulting into low-grade level of evidence. The aim of the current review is to critically explore the epidemiology, pathophysiology and prognostic value of thrombotic and bleeding events after TAVI, and to review the current literature on antithrombotic strategies following the procedure. Expert opinion: Thrombotic and bleeding events remain major complications occurring in the frail population that is currently offered TAVI. Waiting for upcoming evidence from ongoing randomized clinical trials, tailoring antithrombotic therapies based on patients' characteristics, values and circumstances is a preferable approach.

9.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217147

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the appropriateness of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after TAVI through an analysis of PM dependency at follow-up, and to assess long-term outcomes of patients undergoing PPI after TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: From June 2007 to February 2018, 1116 consecutive patients without prior PM underwent TAVI in our Institution. We assessed incidence and predictors of PM dependency of patients who underwent PPI within 30 days, and 6-year outcomes among patients who underwent and did not undergo PPI at 30 days. At 30-day PPI was reported in 145 patients (13.0%). Rates of PM dependency were 35.7%, 35.8% and 33.3% at 1-, 6- and 12-month, respectively. Analyzing PPI timing, implantation on day 1 was found a predictor of PM dependency at 6 (OR 20.7[CI 3.4-126.7]; p=0.001) and 12 months (OR 7.5[CI 1.4-40.2]; p=0.019). An interaction between PM dependency and the presence of baseline right bundle branch block (RBBB) at 6 (pinteraction=0.024) and 12 months (pinteraction=0.028) was reported when PPI was performed on the same day of TAVI. At 6-year, patients who received a PM at 30 days showed a higher all-cause death rate (KM estimate 41.7% vs. 57%; plog-rank=0.034). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients receiving PPI after TAVI, PM dependency rates were about 33-36% at 1-year. Patients with a baseline RBBB undergoing PPI at day 0 or at day 1 when severe CDs persisted for 24 hours after TAVI, irrespectively from baseline CDs, had higher chances to be PM dependent at follow-ups. Finally, PPI after TAVI was associated with increased 6-year mortality.

10.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(12): 1175-1184, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of new-onset persistent (NOP) left bundle branch block (LBBB) on long-term (>2 year) outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: The impact of NOP-LBBB after TAVR remains controversial and no data exist regarding long-term outcomes. METHODS: A total of 1,020 consecutive patients without pre-existing LBBB or permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) undergoing TAVR were included. NOP-LBBB was defined as any new LBBB post-TAVR that persisted at hospital discharge. Follow-up clinical and echocardiographic data were obtained at a median of 3 years (interquartile range: 2 to 5 years) post-TAVR. RESULTS: NOP-LBBB occurred in 212 patients (20.1%) following TAVR. There were no differences between NOP-LBBB and no NOP-LBBB groups, except for a higher use of the self-expandable CoreValve system in the NOP-LBBB group (p < 0.001). At follow-up, there were no differences between NOP-LBBB and no NOP-LBBB groups in all-cause mortality (45.3% vs. 42.5%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]:1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.82 to 1.47; p = 0.54), cardiovascular mortality (14.2% vs. 14.4%; adjusted HR: 1.02; 95% CI: 0.56 to 1.87; p = 0.95), or heart failure rehospitalization (19.8% vs. 15.6%; adjusted HR: 1.44; 95% CI: 0.85 to 2.46; p = 0.18). NOP-LBBB was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation at follow-up (15.5% vs. 5.4%; adjusted HR: 2.45; 95% CI: 1.37 to 4.38; p = 0.002), with the highest risk within the first 12 months. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased over time in patients with no NOP-LBBB but slightly decreased in those with NOP-BBB (p < 0.001 for changes in left ventricular ejection fraction between groups). CONCLUSIONS: After a median follow-up of 3 years post-TAVR, NOP-LBBB was not associated with a higher mortality or heart failure rehospitalization. However, NOP-LBBB increased the risk of permanent pacemaker implantation and negatively impacted left ventricular function over time. These results should inform future efforts for improving the management of patients with NOP-LBBB post-TAVR.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020765

RESUMO

Calcified and undilatable stenosis still represents a challenge in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), due to the higher risk of suboptimal result with consequent worse clinical outcomes. Unfortunately, the dedicated technologies and devices, such as specialized balloon and atherectomy systems, do not always provide adequate plaque modification and optimal vessel preparation allowing optimal stent delivery. The intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) is a technology derived from urology that has been tested in peripheral and coronary calcified plaques, with promising preliminary results. We present a case of a patient undergoing planned PCI of the right coronary artery targeting an undilatable lesion, already resistant to both specialized balloons and rotational atherectomy. Using the IVL system, we were able to break the calcium, guarantying optimal stent expansion with good final result.

13.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(5): 371-375, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30857975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a well-established treatment option for severe aortic stenosis (AS). AS and coronary artery disease frequently coincide, and therefore some patients may require coronary angiography (CAG) and/or intervention (PCI) post-TAVR. Due to valve stent design, most self-expanding prostheses always cover the coronary ostium, and therefore may hinder future access. The objective of this research was to evaluate the incidence, safety and feasibility of CAG/PCI in patients with prior self-expanding TAVR valves. METHODS: Among 2170 patients (age 82 ±â€¯6 years, 43% male) who underwent TAVR with Corevalve or Evolut prostheses, as part of the Italian CoreValve ClinicalService® framework (data from 13 Italian centers), the occurrence of CAG/PCI following TAVR and periprocedural characteristics were examined. RESULTS: During median follow-up of 379 days, 41 patients (1.9%) required CAG and/or PCI (total 46; 16 CAG, 14 PCI, 16 both PCI/CAG). 56.5% of the procedures were performed under emergency/urgency settings. Left system coronary angiography was successfully performed in most cases (28/32, 87.5%), while right coronary angiography was successful only in 50.0% (16/32). PCI procedures (20 for left system, 3 for right system, 4 for graft) were successfully performed in 93.3% (28/30) of the procedures. No CAG/PCI procedure-related complications including prosthesis dislodgment or coronary ostium dissection occurred. CONCLUSIONS: CAG and PCI procedures following CoreValve TAVR is safe and mostly feasible, although the success rate of selective right coronary angiography was relatively low when compared to the left system. Further investigations are required to explore this issue.

14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(5): 433-443, 2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the Acurate neo (NEO) and Evolut PRO (PRO) devices. BACKGROUND: The NEO and PRO bioprostheses are 2 next-generation self-expanding devices developed for TAVR. METHODS: The NEOPRO (A Multicenter Comparison of Acurate NEO Versus Evolut PRO Transcatheter Heart Valves) registry retrospectively included patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR with either NEO or PRO valves at 24 centers between January 2012 and March 2018. One-to-one propensity score matching resulted in 251 pairs. Pre-discharge and 30-day Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 defined outcomes were evaluated. Binary logistic regression was performed to adjust the treatment effect for propensity score quintiles. RESULTS: A total of 1,551 patients (n = 1,263 NEO; n = 288 PRO) were included. The mean age was 82 years, and the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 5.1%. After propensity score matching (n = 502), VARC-2 device success (90.6% vs. 91.6%; p = 0.751) and pre-discharge moderate to severe (II+) paravalvular aortic regurgitation (7.3% vs. 5.7%; p = 0.584) were comparable between the NEO and PRO groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in any 30-day clinical outcome between matched NEO and PRO pairs, including all-cause mortality (3.2% vs. 1.2%; p = 0.221), stroke (2.4% vs. 2.8%; p = 1.000), new permanent pacemaker implantation (11.0% vs. 12.8%; p = 0.565), and VARC-2 early safety endpoint (10.6% vs. 10.4%; p = 1.000). Logistic regression on the unmatched cohort confirmed a similar risk of VARC-2 device success, paravalvular aortic regurgitation II+, and 30-day clinical outcomes after NEO and PRO implantation. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter registry, transfemoral TAVR with the NEO and PRO bioprostheses was associated with high device success, acceptable rates of paravalvular aortic regurgitation II+, and good 30-day clinical outcomes. After adjusting for potential confounders, short-term outcomes were similar between the devices.

15.
EuroIntervention ; 15(2): 147-154, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777842

RESUMO

AIMS: Treatment pathway optimisation in TAVI should include timely patient discharge with a minimised risk for out-of-hospital adverse events. The aim of this study was to define a standardised set of risk criteria that allows a safe and timely discharge, to validate their appropriateness prospectively in different centres and multiple European countries, and to assess post-discharge outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We defined and validated the adequacy of a set of discharge criteria and its ability to predict timely and safe discharge properly after the intervention in a prospective, European, multicentre registry. A total of 502 unselected patients were enrolled at 10 sites in three countries. The primary endpoint, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, vascular access-related complications, permanent pacemaker implantation, stroke, re-hospitalisation due to cardiac reasons, kidney failure and major bleeding at 30 days, was reached in 12.9% of patients (95% CI: 11.3-16.5). The overall 30-day mortality was 1.1% (95% CI: 0.2-2.0), and the rates of stroke/TIA 1.7% (95% CI: -0.6 to 4.0), PPI 7.3% (95% CI: 5.8-8.9), major vascular complications 1.9% (95% CI: 0.7-3.1), major/life-threatening bleeding 2.4% (95% CI: 1.0-3.8) and cardiac re-hospitalisation 3.7% (95% CI: 1.4-6.0). Patients appropriately discharged early had a significantly lower risk of the primary endpoint (7.0 vs. 26.4%; p<0.001) which was reflected in some of its relevant components: stroke (0.0 vs. 2.8%; p=0.015), PPI (4.3 vs. 15.9%; p<0.001), major vascular complications (0.3 vs. 4.7%; p=0.004) and major/life-threatening bleeding (0.3 vs. 6.5%; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We validated the appropriateness of a pre-specified set of risk criteria that allows a safe and timely discharge. The rate of 30-day complications did not reveal any risk increase with this strategy compared with the reported outcomes in major TAVI trials and registries. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02404467.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(2): e007311, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767663

RESUMO

Background Polymer-free drug-eluting stents are based on different technologies for drug binding and release without the use of polymer coatings. It is unknown whether different polymer-free drug-eluting stents are comparable in terms of safety and efficacy profiles. Methods and Results Polymer-free BioFreedom biolimus-eluting stents (BES) and polymer-free Cre8 amphilimus-eluting stents (AES) were investigated in 2 recent multicenter registries including 2320 all-comer patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions at 22 Italian centers. Using propensity score matching, safety and efficacy outcomes were compared among 1280 patients (640 matched pairs) treated with BioFreedom BES or Cre8 AES. The primary end point was target lesion failure-a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization (TLR). At 1 year, target lesion failure occurred in 4.0% of BES and 4.2% of AES-treated patients (hazard ratio [HR] 0.98, 95% CI, 0.57-1.70). Risks of cardiac death (2.0% versus 2.1%; HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.47-2.26), target vessel myocardial infarction (0.8% versus 0.3%; HR, 1.89; 95% CI, 0.50-6.80), TLR (1.5% versus 2.2%; HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.34-1.62), and definite/probable stent thrombosis (0.9% versus 0.8%; HR, 1.17; 95% CI, 0.36-3.81) were comparable in patients treated with BioFreedom BES and Cre8 AES. A differential treatment effect by diabetes mellitus status was observed, indicating a benefit of AES in patients with diabetes mellitus ( P interaction=0.003). Conclusions The present study shows that BioFreedom BES and Cre8 AES have favorable and comparable safety and efficacy profiles in all-comer patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Further evaluation in large-scale, randomized trials are necessary to confirm our findings.

17.
Eur Heart J ; 40(15): 1226-1232, 2019 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689825

RESUMO

AIMS: In the Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by TRansradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of angioX (MATRIX) trial, adults with acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary intervention who were allocated to radial access had a lower risk of bleeding, acute kidney injury (AKI), and all-cause mortality, as compared with those allocated to femoral access. The mechanism of the mortality benefit of radial access remained unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used multistate and competing risk models to determine the effects of radial and femoral access on bleeding, AKI and all-cause mortality in the MATRIX trial and to disentangle the relationship between these different types of events. There were large relative risk reductions in mortality for radial compared with femoral access for the transition from AKI to death [hazard ratio (HR) 0.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.31-0.97] and for the pathway from coronary intervention to AKI to death (HR 0.49, 95% CI 0.26-0.92). Conversely, there was little evidence for a difference between radial and femoral groups for the transition from bleeding to death (HR 1.05, 95% CI 0.42-2.64) and the pathway from coronary intervention to bleeding to death (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.28-2.49). CONCLUSION: The prevention of AKI appeared predominantly responsible for the mortality benefit of radial as compared with femoral access in the MATRIX trial. There was little evidence for an equally important, independent role of bleeding.

18.
Int J Cardiol ; 280: 30-37, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30595357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been established as an alternative treatment option to coronary artery by-pass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). Whether the findings of randomized controlled trials are applicable to a real-world patient population is unclear. METHODS: We compared the outcomes of PCI with new-generation DES in the all-comer, international, multicenter DELTA-2 registry retrospectively evaluating mid-term clinical outcomes with the historical CABG cohort enrolled in the DELTA-1 registry according to the EXCEL key inclusion or exclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was the composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at the median time of follow-up time of 501 days. The consistency of the effect of DELTA-2 PCI versus DELTA-1 CABG according to the EXCEL enrollment criteria was tested using propensity score-adjusted Cox regression models. RESULTS: Out of 3986 patients enrolled in the DELTA-2 PCI registry, 2418 were EXCEL candidates and 1568 were not EXCEL candidates. The occurrence of the primary endpoint was higher among non-EXCEL candidates compared with EXCEL candidates (15.4% vs. 6.9%; hazard ratio 2.52; 95% confidence interval 2.00-3.16; p < 0.001). Among 901 patients enrolled in the historical DELTA-1 CABG cohort, 471 were EXCEL candidates and 430 were not EXCEL candidates. When comparing the DELTA-2 PCI with the DELTA-1 CABG cohort, the occurrence of the primary endpoint was lower in the PCI group compared with the historical CABG cohort among EXCEL candidates (6.9% vs. 10.7%; adjusted hazard ratio: 0.65; 95% confidence interval: 0.45-0.92), while no significant difference was observed among non-EXCEL candidates (15.4% vs. 12.5%; adjusted hazard ratio: 0.94; 95% confidence interval: 0.67-1.33) with evidence of statistical interaction (adjusted interaction p-value = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In a real-world population, PCI can be selected more favorably as an alternative to CABG in patients fulfilling the enrollment criteria of the EXCEL trial.

19.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(1): 78-86, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to collect data on contemporary practice and outcome of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in oncology patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Oncology patients with severe AS are often denied valve replacement. TAVR may be an emerging treatment option. METHODS: A worldwide registry was designed to collect data on patients who undergo TAVR while having active malignancy. Data from 222 cancer patients from 18 TAVR centers were compared versus 2,522 "no-cancer" patients from 5 participating centers. Propensity-score matching was performed to further adjust for bias. RESULTS: Cancer patients' age was 78.8 ± 7.5 years, STS score 4.9 ± 3.4%, 62% men. Most frequent cancers were gastrointestinal (22%), prostate (16%), breast (15%), hematologic (15%), and lung (11%). At the time of TAVR, 40% had stage 4 cancer. Periprocedural complications were comparable between the groups. Although 30-day mortality was similar, 1-year mortality was higher in cancer patients (15% vs. 9%; p < 0.001); one-half of the deaths were due to neoplasm. Among patients who survived 1 year after the TAVR, one-third were in remission/cured from cancer. Progressive malignancy (stage III to IV) was a strong mortality predictor (hazard ratio: 2.37; 95% confidence interval: 1.74 to 3.23; p < 0.001), whereas stage I to II cancer was not associated with higher mortality compared with no-cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR in cancer patients is associated with similar short-term but worse long-term prognosis compared with patients without cancer. Among this cohort, mortality is largely driven by cancer, and progressive malignancy is a strong mortality predictor. Importantly, 85% of the patients were alive at 1 year, one-third were in remission/cured from cancer. (Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Oncology Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis [TOP-AS]; NCT03181997).

20.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 19(11): 18-21, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520461

RESUMO

The expansion of the options for the treatment of patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD), including medical therapy or myocardial revascularization by a surgical or a percutaneous strategy, has raised the need to set the decision-making process to select the optimal therapy on a multidisciplinary approach. Indeed, this latter would potentially lead to identify the most appropriate strategy for a given patient in the most transparent, shared and comprehensive way as possible. The multidisciplinary approach has been widely encouraged in the cardiovascular field, where it has been defined as "Heart Team" (HT), a collegial system essentially including a cardiac surgeon, a clinical cardiologist and an interventionalist. However, due to the unavailability of on-site surgery in many centers, along with the increasing use of sophisticated materials and advanced technologies, the growing confidence of interventionalists with more meticulous and complex techniques, in addition to sharper guideline indications, the HT approach may currently lead to an anachronistic and unjustified slowdown of the decision-making process, sometimes until impasse, with subsequent increase in social and health costs. Therefore, the present article will examine the possibilities to judiciously restrict the actual HT use for choosing the treatment of patients with stable multivessel CAD at higher complexity.

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