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1.
ACS Omega ; 7(10): 8613-8622, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35309452

RESUMO

Studies on copper(II) tetrafluorenyl porphyrinate (CuTFP) and copper(II) tetraphenyl porphyrinate (CuTPP) have been focused on the charge carrier transport in their solid films and electroluminescence of their composites. In the dye layers deposited by resistive thermal evaporation, the mobilities of holes and electrons are on the order of 10-5 and 10-6 cm2 V-1 s-1 for the charge transport under the influence of traps, and the charge mobility reaches the order of 10-3 cm2 V-1 s-1 at space-charge-limited current in the nontrapping mode. For the dye molecules, the correlation between the mobility of charge carriers and the distribution of the electron density on the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO), which serve as hopping sites for holes and electrons, respectively, is considered. Organic light-emitting diodes incorporating the dye molecules as emitting dopants demonstrate electroluminescence in the near-infrared (IR) range.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(3)2022 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35160593

RESUMO

In this review, we summarize recent developments in the field of the mechanochemistry of polymers. The aim of the review is to consider the consequences of mechanical forces and actions on polymers and polymer synthesis. First, we review classical works on chemical reactions and polymerization processes under strong shear deformations. Then, we analyze two emerging directions of research in mechanochemistry-the role of mechanophores and, for the first time, new physical phenomena, accompanying external impulse mechanical actions on polymers. Mechanophores have been recently proposed as sensors of fatigue and cracks in polymers and composites. The effects of the high-pressure pulsed loading of polymers and composites include the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya effect, emission of superradiation and the formation of metal nanoparticles. These effects provide deeper insight into the mechanism of chemical reactions under shear deformations and pave the way for further research in the interests of modern technologies.

3.
Molecules ; 26(24)2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34946679

RESUMO

Three new benzothiadiazole (BTD)-containing luminophores with different configurations of aryl linkers have been prepared via Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling Suzuki and Buchwald-Hartwig reactions. Photophysical and electroluminescent properties of the compounds were investigated to estimate their potential for optoelectronic applications. All synthesized structures have sufficiently high quantum yields in film. The BTD with aryl bridged carbazole unit demonstrated the highest electrons and holes mobility in a series. OLED with light-emitting layer (EML) based on this compound exhibited the highest brightness, as well as current and luminous efficiency. The synthesized compounds are not only luminophores with a high photoluminescence quantum yield, but also active transport centers for charge carriers in EML of OLED devices.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 60(20): 15509-15518, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613717

RESUMO

Controlled self-assembly and rapid disintegration of supramolecular nanowires is potentially useful for ecology-friendly organic electronics. Herein, a novel method exploiting the binding between crown-substituted double-decker lanthanide phthalocyaninates (ML2, M = Lu, Ce, Tb) and K+ ions is applied for the one-step fabrication of macroscopically long conductive one-dimensional quasi-metal-organic frameworks. Their properties are controlled by the size of the lanthanide ion guiding the assembly through either intra- or intermolecular interactions. A LuL2 linker with a small interdeck distance yields fully conjugated intermolecular-bonded K+-LuL2 nanowires with a thickness of 10-50 nm, a length of up to 50 µm, and a conductivity of up to 11.4 S cm-1, the highest among them being reported for phthalocyanine assemblies. The large size of CeL2 and TbL2 leads to the formation of mixed intra- and intermolecular K+-ML2 phases with poor electric properties. A field-assisted method is developed to deposit aligned conductive K+-LuL2 assemblies on solids. The solid-supported nanowires can be disintegrated into starting components in a good aprotic solvent for further recycling.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5005, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33654190

RESUMO

The structure of experimentally designed solar cells was optimized in terms of the photoactive layer thickness for both organic bulk heterojunction and hybrid perovskite solar cells. The photoactive layer thickness had a totally different behavior on the performance of the organic and hybrid solar cells. Analysis of the optical parameters using transfer matrix modeling within the Maxwell-Garnett effective refractive index model shows that light absorbance and exciton generation rate in the photoactive layer can be used to optimize the thickness range of the photoactive layer. Complete agreement between experimental and simulated data for solar cells with photoactive materials that have very different natures proves the validity of the proposed modeling method. The proposed simple method which is not time-consuming to implement permits to obtain a preliminary assessment of the reasonable range of layer thickness that will be needed for designing experimental samples.

6.
Langmuir ; 36(30): 8680-8686, 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631066

RESUMO

A mixture of water suspensions of graphene oxide (GO) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was used to make the films GO-PTFE (50:50). They became conductive (2.0-2.8 S/cm) while maintaining flexibility after reduction with hydrazine and subsequent annealing at 370 °C. The structure and morphology of the reduced films (rGO-PTFE) are examined in detail by means of a number of techniques such as scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman, and contact angle wetting. The results of the films tested as current collectors in a metal-free supercapacitor with electrodes from microwave exfoliated GO and an acid (1 M H2SO4) electrolyte are presented.

7.
ACS Omega ; 5(16): 9377-9383, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363289

RESUMO

Two series of new N,S,Se-heteroacenes, namely, 6H-benzo[4',5']selenopheno[2',3':4,5]thieno[3,2-b]indoles and 12H-benzo[4″,5″]selenopheno[2″,3″:4',5']thieno[2',3'4,5]thieno[3,2-b]indoles, were successfully obtained using an effective strategy based on Fiesselmann thiophene and Fischer indole synthesis. The new molecules exhibit a large optical band gap (2.82 eV < E g opt < 3.23 eV) and their highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy formed by the plane π-core ranges between -5.2 and -5.6 eV, with the narrower optical band gap and lower HOMO level corresponding to selenated heteroacenes. In thin solid films of the heteroacenes, hole mobility measured using the conventional CELIV technique ranges between 10-5 and 10-4 cm2·V-1·s-1. All these make the proposed condensed-ring compounds a promising platform for the development of hole-transporting materials applicable in organic electronics.

8.
ACS Omega ; 5(14): 8200-8210, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32309730

RESUMO

Herein, we describe the synthesis of unsymmetrically substituted dibenzo[f,h]furazano[3,4-b]quinoxalines by intramolecular cyclization through direct transition metal-free C-H functionalization. The electrochemical and photophysical properties for several polycycles have been measured. In thin films of the dibenzo[f,h]furazano[3,4-b]quinoxalines, hole mobility is in the order of 10-4 cm2 V-1 s-1. The results show that the HOMO and LUMO energy levels are appropriate for using the compounds as hole-transport materials in thin-film devices, in particular, organic and perovskite solar cells.

9.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(1)2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861656

RESUMO

The electrical properties of thin films of poly(arylene ether ketone) copolymers (co-PAEKs) with a fraction of phthalide-containing units of 3, 5, and 50 mol% in the main chain were investigated by using radiation-induced conductivity (RIC) measurements. Transient current signals and current-voltage (I-V) characteristics were obtained by exposing 20 ÷ 25 µm thick films of the co-PAEKs to monoenergetic electron pulses with energy ranging from 3 to 50 keV in an electric field ranging from 5 to 40 V/µm. The Rose-Fowler-Vaisberg semi-empirical model based on a multiple trapping formalism was used for an analysis of the RIC data, and the parameters of the highly dispersive charge carrier transport were evaluated. The analysis revealed that charge carriers moved in isolation from each other, and the applied electric fields were below the threshold field triggering the switching effect (a reversible high-to-low resistivity transition) in the co-PAEK films. It was also found that the co-PAEK films, due to the super-linear I-V characteristics, are highly resistant to electrostatic discharges arising from the effects of ionizing radiation. This property is important for the development of protective coatings for electronic devices.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 48(46): 17298-17309, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714560

RESUMO

The targeted design of lanthanide-based emitters for solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) resulted in obtaining an NIR OLED with one of the highest efficiencies among ytterbium-based solution-processed OLEDs (30 µW W-1). The design was aimed at the combination of high luminescence efficiency with solubility and charge carrier mobility. The latter was achieved thanks to the introduction of the purposefully selected neutral ligands, which combine electron mobility and the ability to sensitize lanthanide luminescence. Besides, the HOMO and LUMO energies and charge carrier mobility of solution-processed thin films of coordination compounds were measured experimentally for the first time, and novel highly luminescent europium-based materials with PLQYs of up to 80% and purely NIR luminescent ytterbium complexes were obtained.

11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(6)2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146431

RESUMO

Electrical, photoelectrical, and optical properties of thin films of a new heat-resistant polyphenylquinoline synthesized using facile methods were investigated. An analysis of the obtained temperature dependences of the dark conductivity and photoconductivity indicates the hopping mechanism of conductivity over localized states arranging at the energy distance of 0.8 eV from the Fermi level located inside the band gap of the investigated material. The optical band gap of the studied material was estimated from an analysis of the spectral dependences of the photoconductivity and absorption coefficient before (1.8-1.9 eV) and after (2.0-2.2 eV) annealing at temperatures exceeding 100 °C. The Gaussian character of the distribution of the localized states of density inside the band gap near the edges of the bands was established. A mechanism of changes in the optical band gap of the investigating polymer under its annealing is proposed.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(50): 43838-43845, 2017 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29185705

RESUMO

Fabricating plasmon-enhanced organic nanomaterials with technologically relevant supporting architectures on planar solids remains a challenging task in the chemistry of thin films and interfaces. In this work, we report a bottom-up assembly of ultrathin layered composites of conductive polymers with photophysical properties enhanced by gold nanoparticles. The polydiacetylene component was formed by photopolymerization of a catanionic mixture of pentacosadiynoic surfactants on a surface of citrate-stabilized gold hydrosol monitored by a fiber optic spectrometer. Microscopic examination of the 3 nm thick solid-immobilized film showed that gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) do not aggregate within the monolayer upon polymerization. This polydiacetylene/AuNPs monolayer was coupled with 60 nm thick polyaniline-based layer deposited atop. The resulting polymer composite with an integrated 4-stripe electric cell showed nonadditive electric behavior due to the formation of electron-hole pairs with increased charge carrier mobility at the interface between the polymer layers. Under visible light irradiation of the composite film, a plasmonic effect of the gold nanoparticles was observed at the onset of photoconductivity, although neither polydiacetylene nor the polyaniline component alone are photoconductive polymers. The results indicate that our bottom-up strategy can be expanded to design other plasmon-enhanced ultrathin polymer composites with potential applications in optoelectronics and photovoltaics.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(30): 19916-19921, 2017 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28721402

RESUMO

Organometal triiodide perovskites are promising, high-performance absorbers in solar cells. Considering the perovskite as a thin film absorber, we solve transport equations and analyse the efficiency of a simple heterojunction configuration as a function of electron-hole diffusion lengths. We found that for a thin film thickness of ≃1 µm the maximum efficiency of ≃31% could be achieved at the diffusion length of ∼100 µm.

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