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1.
Nurs Adm Q ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551423

RESUMO

Work cultures supportive of wellness and shorter shift length have been associated with better mental/physical health outcomes in nurses, but how the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted such outcomes is not known. This study's aims were to (1) describe the mental/physical health, well-being, and healthy lifestyle behaviors of nurses during the pandemic; (2) explore the pandemic's impact on their health and healthy lifestyle behaviors; and (3) determine the associations of perceived workplace wellness support and shift length with nurses' health, well-being, and healthy lifestyle behaviors. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used with 264 nurses associated with Trusted Health. Nurses completed a survey containing valid and reliable scales measuring depression, anxiety, burnout and quality of life, perceived wellness culture, and healthy lifestyle behaviors. Results indicated that more than 50% of nurses had worsening mental/physical health relating to the pandemic. Compared with nurses whose workplaces provided little/no wellness support, nurses with workplaces that supported their wellness were 3 to 9 times as likely to have better mental/physical health, no/little stress, no burnout, and high quality of life. Nurses who worked longer shifts had poorer health outcomes. These findings indicate that workplace wellness support and shorter shifts positively impacted nurse mental/physical health and professional quality of life amidst the pandemic.

2.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 18(4): 243-250, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-solving approach to clinical decision making that leads to a higher quality and safety of health care. Three valid and reliable scales that measure EBP attributes, including the EBP Beliefs Scale, the EBP Implementation Scale, and the Organizational Culture and Readiness Scale for System-Wide Integration of EBP, are widely used but require approximately 5 min each to complete. Shorter valid and reliable versions of these scales could offer the benefit of less time for completion, thereby decreasing participant burden. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the three shortened EBP scales, adapted from the longer versions. METHODS: This study used a descriptive survey design with 498 nurses who completed the three original EBP scales along with a shortened version of each scale. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted with principal components extracted to examine the factor structure of each EBP measure for the three shortened EBP scales. Item intercorrelations and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy (KMO) were used to confirm the validity of using factor analysis. Reliability of each scale using Cronbach's α was examined. Convergent validity of the three shortened EBP scales was assessed by correlating each shortened scale with its longer scale. RESULTS: Factor analysis supported the construct validity of each of the three shortened scales, as all item intercorrelations were greater than 0.40, and KMO values were 0.62 to 0.74. The shortened scales Cronbach alphas were 0.81 for the EBP Beliefs Scale, 0.89 for the EBP Implementation Scale, and 0.87 for the EBP Culture and Readiness Scale. The three shortened EBP scales had acceptable convergent validity (r = 0.42-.072) for the correlations between the shortened and longer scales. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: The three shortened EBP scales, which are valid and reliable, can be used as an alternative to the longer three scales to decrease participant burden when conducting program evaluations, research, or organizational assessments.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Cultura Organizacional , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ohio , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 18(4): 272-281, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC© ) Model is a system-wide framework for implementing and sustaining evidence-based practice (EBP) in hospitals and healthcare systems. The model involves assessing organizational culture and readiness for EBP in addition to the development of a critical mass of EBP mentors who work with point-of-care clinicians to facilitate the implementation of evidence-based care. Determining how the various components of the ARCC© Model relate to one another is important for understanding how EBP culture and mentorship impact EBP implementation, nurses' job satisfaction, and intent to stay. AIMS: The current study aimed to test a model that could explain the relationships and direct pathways among eight key variables in the ARCC© Model: (1) EBP culture, (2) mentorship, (3) knowledge, (4) beliefs, (5) competency, (6) implementation, (7) nurses' job satisfaction, and (8) intent to stay. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was used to test relationships among the variables in the ARCC© Model with data obtained from an earlier cross-sectional descriptive study with 2,344 nurses from 19 hospitals and healthcare systems across the United States. RESULTS: The final structural equation model found that EBP culture and mentorship were key variables that positively impacted EBP knowledge, beliefs, competency, implementation, job satisfaction, and intent to stay among nurses. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: As described in the ARCC© Model, establishing a strong sustainable EBP culture along with a critical mass of EBP mentors is crucial for the development of EBP competency and consistent implementation of evidence-based care by nurses. A strong EBP culture along with EBP mentorship also can result in higher job satisfaction and intent to stay. Implementation of the ARCC© Model is a key strategy in assisting systems to reach health care's Quadruple Aim.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Satisfação no Emprego , Mentores , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Cultura Organizacional , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
West J Nurs Res ; : 1939459211030339, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247552

RESUMO

Epigenetic modifications are chemical changes that can modify gene expression without changing the sequence of the gene. These modifications are potentially identifiable and reversible, making the epigenome an important area of research for discovering biomarkers to identify those who may be at risk and providing therapeutic interventions to prevent adverse health outcomes. African Americans bear a disproportionate risk of adverse health outcomes (e.g., hypertension, cancer). Indeed, African American women experience preterm birth (PTB; <37 completed weeks gestation) at more than twice the rate of non-Hispanic White women. Research suggests that environmental influences may play a significant role in PTB outcomes for this population. However, the biological pathways by which these influences contribute to PTB are poorly understood. This paper describes research methods and ethical considerations for the collection and analysis of biological samples based on our study examining the epigenetic regulation of stress pathways in PTB in pregnant African American women.

5.
Nurs Res ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Very little research has been reported examining nonpharmacologic symptom management strategies for very young, hospitalized children receiving palliative care, and none has involved Reiki-a light touch therapy. OBJECTIVES: To determine if completing a Reiki intervention with hospitalized 1- to 5-year-old children with chronic, life-limiting conditions receiving palliative care was feasible and acceptable. METHODS: Children ages 1 to 5 years receiving palliative care who were expected to be hospitalized for at least 3 weeks were recruited for a single-arm, mixed-methods, quasi-experimental pre/poststudy. Six protocolized Reiki sessions were conducted over 3 weeks. We calculated feasibility by the percentage of families enrolled in the study and acceptability by the percentage of families who completed all measures and 5 out of 6 Reiki sessions. Measures were collected at baseline, the end of the intervention period, and three weeks later. At the final follow-up visit, parents were verbally asked questions relating to the acceptability of the intervention in a short structured interview. RESULTS: We screened 90 families, approached 31 families, and recruited 16 families while 15 families declined. Reasons for not participating included that the child had "a lot going on," would be discharged soon, and families were overwhelmed. Of those enrolled, most completed all measures at three time points and 5 out of 6 Reiki sessions. We completed nearly all scheduled Reiki sessions for families that finished the study. All parents reported that they would continue the Reiki if they could, and almost all said they would participate in the study again; only one parent was unsure. DISCUSSION: Young children and their parents found Reiki acceptable; these results are comparable to an earlier study of children 7-16 years receiving palliative care at home and a study of massage for symptom management for hospitalized children with cancer. These findings add to the literature and support further investigation of Reiki's efficacy as a nonpharmacologic symptom management intervention.

6.
Pediatr Diabetes ; 22(7): 1051-1062, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Only 17% of adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are currently meeting their glycemic targets despite advances in diabetes technologies. Self-management behaviors and challenges specific to use of diabetes technologies are insufficiently studied in adolescents. We aimed to describe the experience of diabetes technology self-management, including facilitators and barriers, among preteens/adolescents with low and high A1C. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Youth (10-18 years of age) with T1D who use insulin pump therapy were recruited from the larger quantitative cohort of a mixed methods study for participation in semi-structured qualitative interviews. Maximum variability sampling was used to recruit youth with A1C <7.5% (n = 5) and A1C >9% (n = 5). Participants' personal insulin pump and continuous glucose monitoring data were downloaded and served as a visual reference. Interviews were analyzed using a qualitative descriptive approach. RESULTS: Participants were 50% female with a median age of 14.9 years and 80% used CGM. The sample was predominantly white (90.0%). Analysis produced four major themes, Bad Day, Expect the Unexpected, Nighttime Dependence, and Unpredictability, It's Really a Team and interconnecting subthemes. Youth characterized ''Bad Days'' as those requiring increased diabetes focus and self-management effort. The unpredictability (''Expect the Unexpected'') of glucose outcomes despite attention to self-management behaviors was considerable frustration. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes devices such as insulin pumps are complex machines that rely heavily on individual proficiency, surveillance, and self-management behaviors to achieve clinical benefit. Our findings highlight the dynamic nature of self-management and the multitude of factors that feed youths' self-management behaviors.

7.
Am J Crit Care ; 30(3): 176-184, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical care nurses experience higher rates of mental distress and poor health than other nurses, adversely affecting health care quality and safety. It is not known, however, how critical care nurses' overall health affects the occurrence of medical errors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among critical care nurses' physical and mental health, perception of workplace wellness support, and self-reported medical errors. METHODS: This survey-based study used a cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design. A random sample of 2500 members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses was recruited to participate in the study. The outcomes of interest were level of overall health, symptoms of depression and anxiety, stress, burnout, perceived worksite wellness support, and medical errors. RESULTS: A total of 771 critical care nurses participated in the study. Nurses in poor physical and mental health reported significantly more medical errors than nurses in better health (odds ratio [95% CI]: 1.31 [0.96-1.78] for physical health, 1.62 [1.17-2.29] for depressive symptoms). Nurses who perceived that their worksite was very supportive of their well-being were twice as likely to have better physical health (odds ratio [95% CI], 2.16 [1.33-3.52]; 55.8%). CONCLUSION: Hospital leaders and health care systems need to prioritize the health of their nurses by resolving system issues, building wellness cultures, and providing evidence-based wellness support and programming, which will ultimately increase the quality of patient care and reduce the incidence of preventable medical errors.

8.
Sci Diabetes Self Manag Care ; 47(4): 302-311, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075831

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The overall purpose of the study was to explore perceptions of family support in diabetes self-management among African American adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A qualitative study using focus group methodology and individual interviews was conducted. Thirty-seven African American adults with type 2 diabetes were recruited in the Midwest, United States. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Themes emerged from the perspectives of the social interdependence theory. Positive family support included emotional support, instrumental support, and specific information or advice on diabetes management strategies. Positivity, family communication, and healthy eating/meal planning were perceived as helpful family behaviors. Negative support was perceived as intentional or unintentional behaviors. Family members' help in decision-making included goal setting with family member(s) and help in making decisions on diet and exercise. Recommendations included exercise and nutritional programs, support groups, family involvement, and materials and resources. Motivations for attending diabetes programs included involving family members, sharing success stories, seeing positive results, encouraging and caring, and providing incentives. CONCLUSIONS: Intervention programs for African Americans should specifically target challenges in family support, healthy eating, and physical activity at an interpersonal level. Health care providers should assess family roles and family support to facilitate diabetes self-management for African Americans.

9.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 18(3): 201-209, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs) are an evidence-based way of identifying patients ready for mechanical ventilation (MV) liberation. Despite their effectiveness, global SBT performance rates remain suboptimal, and many patients who demonstrate the ability to breathe on their own remain on MV. The factors that influence clinicians' decision to discontinue MV following a successful SBT remain unclear. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the underlying causes of extubation delays in the intensive care unit (ICU) from an interprofessional perspective. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, cross-sectional design was used. An online survey was administered in December 2019 to clinicians practicing in three ICUs at a single medical center in the U.S. Survey questions focused on clinicians' perceptions of current MV liberation practices and perceived barriers or facilitators to timely extubation after a successful SBT. RESULTS: Of 425 eligible clinicians, 135 completed the survey (31.7% response rate). The majority of clinicians believed the current SBT and extubation process took too long (n = 108; 80.0%) and that this delay negatively affected patient outcomes. While professional groups differed in their rankings of importance, factors perceived to contribute to extubation delays most commonly included SBT timing, low provider confidence levels in making extubation decisions, and patient-specific factors. Potential strategies to overcome these barriers included developing an automated extubation protocol, performing SBTs when the provider responsible for final extubation decisions is physically present, and decreasing clinician perception of reprimand or condemnation for failed extubations. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: The MV liberation process is complex and dependent on the decisions of various ICU professionals. Clinicians perceive a number of potentially modifiable provider- and organizational-level factors that cause extubation delays in everyday practice. Understanding and addressing these barriers is essential for improving ICU quality and patient outcomes. Future research should explore the effect of nurse and respiratory therapist-driven extubation protocols on MV liberation rates.


Assuntos
Extubação/normas , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto , Extubação/métodos , Extubação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Terminal/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ohio , Inquéritos e Questionários , Desmame do Respirador/métodos
10.
J Pediatr Health Care ; 35(3): 285-291, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518442

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Healthy lifestyle behaviors are at the core of maintaining health. This study analyzed the psychometric properties of the 16-item healthy lifestyle beliefs (HLB) scale that measures a person's beliefs about their ability to live a healthy lifestyle. METHOD: Descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory analysis, and measurement invariance were conducted for this study. RESULTS: Cronbach alpha was 0.894. The Exploratory factor analysis scree plot identified two factors with eigenvalues greater than one. All factor loadings were greater than 0.40 and no items cross-loaded. A two-factor solution was retained for Confirmatory factor analysis. The measurement invariance results suggested that there was no gender difference in HLB regarding factor structure, factor loading, threshold, and residual variances. DISCUSSION: The HLB scale was found to have adequate internal consistency and fit with the data. Findings show it is valid and acceptable for both boys and girls.

11.
Nutr Res ; 85: 135-152, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482602

RESUMO

Increasing evidence suggests that adipokines, leptin and adiponectin, produced and secreted by adipocytes, are involved in regulating systemic inflammation and may be important targets for interventions to reduce the chronic systemic inflammation linked to some conditions common in aging (e.g., atherosclerosis). Lower leptin levels and higher adiponectin levels in peripheral circulation have been associated with less systemic inflammation. While some studies have shown that marine-derived omega-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and/or docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) have effects on leptin and adiponectin in the context of inflammation, the extent of their effects remain unclear. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize findings from randomized, controlled trials that measured effects of EPA+DHA supplementation on circulating levels of leptin and adiponectin to determine the state of the science. PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Trials were searched up to June 2018 for studies meeting inclusion criteria. Thirty-one studies included in this review were conducted in 16 countries. Eighteen studies reported lower leptin and/or higher adiponectin levels with EPA+DHA supplementation versus placebo at study end point (9 reported statistically significant differences), but doses, supplementation duration, and population characteristics varied across studies. In 9 studies reporting significantly lower leptin and/or higher adiponectin levels the EPA+DHA dose was 0.52 to 4.2 g/day for 4 to 24 weeks. Additional studies are warranted which assess dose parameters and patient populations similar to studies reporting significant effects of EPA+DHA on leptin or adiponectin in order to evaluate the extent of reproducibility before recommending EPA+DHA as a therapy to target these adipokines.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/administração & dosagem , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/administração & dosagem , Óleos de Peixe/administração & dosagem , Leptina/sangue , Humanos
12.
J Med Screen ; 28(2): 108-113, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Breast and cervical cancers are screen-detectable; yet, challenges exist with ensuring uptake of mammography and Pap smear. Family, a central factor in developing knowledge to carry out health promotion behaviors, may be an asset to improving intention to screen among non-adherent women from underrepresented minority groups. We explored familial cancer; communication; and breast and cervical screening intention among non-adherent Black, Latina, and Arab women in the United States who participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Kin KeeperSM Cancer Prevention Intervention study. The intervention was a culturally-targeted breast and cervical cancer literacy tool for Black, Latina, and Arab women, consisting of two family-focused education sessions on the cancers, their screening guidelines, and risk-reducing health-related behaviors. METHODS: For this secondary analysis, we assessed family cancer history, family communication, and screening intention for breast and cervical cancer in age-eligible, non-adherent participants. Descriptive statistics examined sample characteristics of the intervention and control groups. Odds ratios were estimated from logistic regression modeling to assess the intervention and sample characteristic effects on screening intention. RESULTS: Of the 516 participants, 123 and 98 were non-adherent to breast and cervical cancer screening, respectively. The intervention (OR = 1.95 for mammography; OR = 1.62 for Pap smear) and highly communicative (OR = 2.57 for mammography; OR = 3.68 for Pap smear) families reported greater screening intention. Family history of cancer only increased screening intention for mammography (OR = 2.25). CONCLUSION: Family-focused approaches supporting communication may increase breast and cervical cancer screening intention among non-adherent, underrepresented minority groups.

13.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 69(3): 773-778, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hypertension increases the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease or related dementias. This pilot study's purpose was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel intervention, Mindfulness in Motion (MIM) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension DASH (MIM DASH), to improve diet, mindfulness, stress, and systolic blood pressure (BP) in older African Americans with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and hypertension. DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Intergenerational community center in a large metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: African Americans with MCI and hypertension. Participants were divided into six groups randomized 1:1:1 to the MIM DASH group, attention only (non-hypertensive education) group, or true control group. The MIM DASH and attention only interventions were delivered in 8-weekly 2 hour group sessions. MIM included mindful movements from chair/standing, breathing exercises, and guided meditation. The DASH component used a critical thinking approach of problem solving, goal setting, reflection, and self-efficacy. The true control group received a DASH pamphlet at the end. MEASUREMENTS: Feasibility was tracked through enrollment and attendance records; acceptability was assessed through interviews. Blood pressure was measured using the Omron HEM-907XL Monitor. Dietary intake was measured by DASH-Q. Mindfulness was measured by the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale. Stress was measured by the Perceived Stress Scale. MCI was determined using the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination. Data were collected at baseline and 3-months. RESULTS: Median session attendance was six for the MIM DASH group and six for the attention only group. There were no changes in diet, mindfulness, or stress. There was a clinically significant reduction in systolic BP in the MIM DASH group (-7.2 mmHg) relative to the attention only group (-.7), and no change between the MIM DASH and true control groups. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that the MIM DASH intervention was feasible and culturally acceptable in African Americans with hypertension and MCI.

14.
Nurse Educ ; 46(1): 49-53, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cultivating healthy lifestyle beliefs (HLBs) can result in positive health outcomes for students during their nursing program. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of short wellness interventions (microlearning) in nursing courses on reducing stress and anxiety and enhancing HLB. METHODS: Microlearning wellness interventions were offered to graduate and undergraduate nursing students in this cluster randomized intervention study. The Perceived Stress Scale 4, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7, and Healthy Lifestyle Beliefs Scales were administered. Student perceptions were evaluated using a short answer narrative. RESULTS: The intervention group reported higher HLB (P = .15), lower anxiety (P = .06), and lower stress (P = .06) compared with the control group after adjusting for baseline differences. Student comments were favorable and included enjoying the activities, weight loss success, and mindfulness strategies. CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating wellness interventions into nursing curricula demonstrates a positive trend toward reducing anxiety and stress and improving HLB.


Assuntos
Currículo , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Atenção Plena , Currículo/normas , Currículo/tendências , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Humanos , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 17(5): 337-347, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obtaining Magnet recognition is important to hospitals as it has been linked to positive nursing and patient outcomes. Evidence-based practice (EBP) also has been shown to positively impact these same outcomes. However, the effect that Magnet designation has on different facets of EBP when compared to non-designated institutions is less understood. AIMS: To determine the differences between Magnet-designated versus non-Magnet-designated hospitals on nurses' EBP knowledge, competency, mentoring, and culture. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed on data obtained from the Melnyk et al. (2018) national study of U.S. nurses' EBP competencies. RESULTS: 2,344 nurses completed the survey (n = 1,622 Magnet and n = 638 non-Magnet). Magnet-designated hospital nurses had higher scores in EBP knowledge (mean ± SD: 19.9 ± 6.8 vs. 19.1 ± 7.0, Cohen's d = 0.12), mentoring (22.6 ± 11.1 vs. 18.6 ± 10.1, d = 0.38), and culture (82.9 ± 21.8 vs. 74.1 ± 21.3, d = 0.41). There was no difference between the two groups in EBP competency scores (53.8 ± 16.2 vs. 53.0 ± 15.9, d = 0.05), and average scores for the 24 EBP competency items were less than competent in both groups. LINKING EVIDENCE TO PRACTICE: Despite having higher knowledge, stronger perceived EBP cultures, and greater EBP mentoring than non-Magnet-designated nurses, Magnet nurses did not meet the EBP competencies. A tremendous need exists to provide nurses with the knowledge and skills to achieve the EBP competencies in both Magnet and non-Magnet-designated hospitals. A critical mass of EBP mentors who also meet the EBP competencies is needed to work with point-of-care nurses to ensure that EBP competency is achieved in order to ultimately ensure healthcare quality and safety. Rigorous studies are needed to determine which interventions at the academic and clinical education level result in improved EBP competency.

16.
Prog Transplant ; 30(4): 306-314, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in kidney transplant recipients. Physical activity after transplant is the most modifiable nonpharmacological factor for improving cardiovascular outcomes. Few studies have tested walking interventions to enhance daily steps and health outcomes in older kidney recipients. METHODS: Using a pilot feasibility randomized clinical trial design, we tested the feasibility and efficacy of a 6-month SystemCHANGE™ (Change Habits by Applying New Goals and Experience) + Activity Tracker intervention for recruitment, retention, daily steps, and health outcomes (blood pressure, heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and physical function). The SystemCHANGE™ + Activity Tracker intervention taught participants to use a multicomponent intervention that connects person-centered systems solutions combined with visual feedback from a mobile activity tracker to achieve daily step goals. RESULTS: Fifty-three participants (mean age 65 years, 66% male, and 57% white) participated with 27 in the intervention and 26 in the control group. The study protocol was feasible to deliver with high adherence to the protocol in both groups. The intervention group increased daily steps at 3 months (mean difference, 608; standard error = 283, P = .03) compared to the control group. The secondary outcome of heart rate decreased for the intervention group (baseline [mean] 74.4+ 10.8 [standard deviation, SD;] vs 6 months [mean] 67.6+ 11.3 [SD]; P = .002) compared to the control group (baseline [mean] 70.67+ 10.4 [SD]; vs 6 months [mean] 70.2 + 11.1 [SD]; P = .83). CONCLUSIONS: SystemCHANGE™ + Activity Tracker intervention appears to be feasible and efficacious for increasing daily steps in older kidney recipients.

17.
Pediatr Diabetes ; 21(8): 1525-1536, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite increased diabetes device use, few adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) meet glycemic targets. We examine associations between utilization of insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and glycemic control. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 80 youths (10-18 years of age) with T1D. Multiple linear regression and linear mixed models (LMM) were used to estimate the effects of device self-management on HbA1c and daily time in range (70-180 mg/dL), respectively. RESULTS: Every blood glucose (BG) input/day was associated with a 0.2% decrease in HbA1c (95% CI: -0.297, -0.013), each bolus/day was associated with a 0.2% decrease (-0.327, -0.057), and use of CGM was associated with a 0.5% decrease (-1.00, -0.075). Among CGM users (n = 45) every 10% increase in CGM use was associated with a 0.3% decrease in HbA1c (-0.390, -0.180). In LMM accounting for within subject and between subject variability, there was a negative association between BG input/day frequency (coefficient = -1.880, [-2.640, -1.117]) and time in range. Residual random effects for CGM users were large showing time in range varied between youth with a SD of 15.0% (3 hours and 36 minutes) (SE 2.029, [11.484, 19.530]). Time in range varied significantly from day-to-day with SD of 18.6% (4 hours and 40 minutes) (SE0.455, [17.690, 19.473]). CONCLUSIONS: Device self-management behaviors among youth are significantly associated with both HbA1c and time in range. Our findings showing an association between reduced time in range and increased self-management behaviors is novel and deserves further investigation.

18.
J Am Coll Health ; : 1-6, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine associations between body mass index (BMI) and lifestyle factors in African American community college students. Methods: Young adults, 18-25, who identified as African American were eligible to participate from 3/17 to 11/17. BMI, body image, discrimination, social roles, emotional and informational support, nutrition knowledge, and physical activity were assessed. Results: Data from 323 students were analyzed. The mean age was 20.1 ± 2.0 years. There were no significant differences between individuals with BMI ≥ 25 and BMI < 25 on social role satisfaction, discrimination, and emotional or informational support. Overweight/obese individuals rated themselves higher on body image than normal weight individuals. The association between ideal body image and BMI sustained after adjusting for various factors. Conclusions: This is a unique population and they have unique needs in weight loss interventions. The strong relationship between body image and BMI suggests that incorporating body image into intervention design may assist in weight loss.

19.
J Am Coll Health ; : 1-9, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of the MINDSTRONG© cognitive-behavioral skills building program versus an attention control program on mental health outcomes and lifestyle behaviors of graduate health professional students. Participants: 201 entering graduate students from seven health sciences colleges at a public land grant University in the U.S. Midwest. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with three-month follow-up. Valid and reliable instruments measured depression, anxiety, stress, healthy lifestyle beliefs and healthy lifestyle behaviors. Results: Students receiving MINDSTRONG© reported less depression/anxiety and healthier lifestyle behaviors than those receiving the control program. Students with elevated levels of depression/anxiety at baseline demonstrated greater benefits from the program. Conclusions: MINDSTRONG© can be used as a preventive and early intervention for improving mental health outcomes and lifestyle behaviors in graduate students. Because the program can be delivered by trained non-mental health professionals, it has the potential to be widely scaled on campuses throughout the U.S.

20.
Appetite ; 151: 104700, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283187

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated whether autonomous motivation and self-efficacy might mediate the association between a lifestyle behavior intervention and dietary fat intake in low-income overweight or obese women with young children. METHODS: Participants were randomized to an intervention or comparison group. Intervention participants received a 16-week intervention aimed to prevent weight gain through promotion of stress management, healthy eating and physical activity. During the intervention phase, participants viewed a designated video lesson at home and dialed in a peer support group teleconference every week (weeks 1-4) then every other week (weeks 5-16). Potential mediation effects were analyzed using sequential mixed-effects linear models and path analysis. RESULTS: The intervention led to increased autonomous motivation (ß = 0.34, standard error [SE] = 0.15, P = 0.005), which subsequently increased self-efficacy (ß = 0.18, SE = 0.35, P < 0.001), and higher levels of self-efficacy were associated with decreased dietary fat intake (ß = -0.22, SE = 0.28, P < 0.001). In other words, autonomous motivation and self-efficacy mediated the association between the lifestyle behavior intervention and dietary fat intake. CONCLUSION: To decrease dietary fat intake for low-income overweight or obese women with young children, strategies, such as those promoting peer encouragement, may be warranted in interventions to enhance autonomous motivation and/or practical skills for increasing self-efficacy.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Gorduras na Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Pobreza
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