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1.
Zookeys ; 1062: 11-30, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720615

RESUMO

A new species of freshwater crab of the genus Nanhaipotamon Bott, 1968 is described from Xiaye Village, Chengxiang Town, Longhai County, Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province, China. The new species is distinguished from congeners by the combination of characters of its carapace, third maxilliped, unequal chelipeds, triangular male abdomen and unique male first gonopod. Molecular evidence derived from partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA and COI genes also support the species as new.

2.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 732458, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659161

RESUMO

Phlebopus portentosus (Berk. and Broome) Boedijin, a widely consumed mushroom in China and Thailand, is the first species in the order Boletaceae to have been industrially cultivated on a large scale. However, to date, the lignocellulose degradation system and molecular basis of fruiting body development in P. portentosus have remained cryptic. In the present study, genome and transcriptome sequencing of P. portentosus was performed during the mycelium (S), primordium (P), and fruiting body (F) stages. A genome of 32.74 Mb with a 48.92% GC content across 62 scaffolds was obtained. A total of 9,464 putative genes were predicted from the genome, of which the number of genes related to plant cell wall-degrading enzymes was much lower than that of some saprophytic mushrooms with specific ectomycorrhizal niches. Principal component analysis of RNA-Seq data revealed that the gene expression profiles at all three stages were different. The low expression of plant cell wall-degrading genes also confirmed the limited ability to degrade lignocellulose. The expression profiles also revealed that some conserved and specific pathways were enriched in the different developmental stages of P. portentosus. Starch and sucrose metabolic pathways were enriched in the mycelium stage, while DNA replication, the proteasome and MAPK signaling pathways may be associated with maturation. These results provide a new perspective for understanding the key pathways and hub genes involved in P. portentosus development.

3.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 23(8): 51-64, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587425

RESUMO

A comparative study was carried out on the chemical composition and nutritional value of six cultivated Lentinula edodes strains that are widely appreciated in China. The results demonstrated that all investigated L. edodes were good sources of protein (14.87%-27.13%), carbohydrates (62.03%-75.56%), and dietary fiber (35.88%-42.49%) and had low ash (5.24%-6.38%) and low fat (0.80%-1.70%) content. There were significant differences among different cultivars. Shenxiang 215 had high crude protein and dietary fiber contents. Potassium was the most abundant mineral element, followed by phosphorus. Different cultivars exhibited distinct fatty acid compositions and free amino acid profiles. Shenxiang 215 had high essential amino acid content. Polyunsaturated fatty acids were predominant in cultivars 0912, Huxiang F4, and Huxiang F2; however, monounsaturated fatty acids were predominant in other strains. Cultivar 0912 had a better mineral and polyunsaturated fatty acid profile. The amino acid profile and protein quality were systematically investigated referring to the latest version of international amino acid reference patterns, including the amino acid score, ratio coefficient of amino acid, ratio coefficient score of amino acid, essential amino acid index, and protein digestibility - corrected amino acid score. The results demonstrated that Shenxiang 18 had better protein quality. These findings provide a reference for breeders to select parents for directional quality breeding.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota , Cogumelos Shiitake , Carboidratos , Fibras na Dieta , Valor Nutritivo
4.
Infection ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562262

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of IL-2 in the treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis. METHODS: First, the cases of diagnosed drug-susceptible tuberculosis were randomized into two groups-the control group that received the background regimen of isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, and the experimental group that received the background regimen plus IL-2. The efficacy and safety evaluations were performed throughout the therapy process as well as 12 months after the treatment completion. RESULTS: A total of 1151 patients underwent the randomization, among which 539 (96.2%) of the 560 in the experimental group achieved the sputum culture conversion to negative, compared to the 551 (93.2%) of the 591 in the control group, after 2 months of treatment, with significant difference observed between the groups (P = 0.025). Cavity closure after 2 months in the IL-2 (experimental) group was 60/211 (28.4%) compared to 46/248 (18.5%) in the control group, with a significant difference between the groups (P = 0.001). After treatment completion, the proportion of favorable outcomes was 559/560 (99.8%) in the experimental group and 587/591 (99.3%) in the control group, with no significant difference between the groups. Twelve months after treatment completion, relapse occurred in 15/560 (2.6%) in the IL-2 group and 19/591 (3.2%) in the control group, with no significant difference. CONCLUSION: IL-2 may enhance culture conversion and the cavity closure rate in the early treatment phase, although the enhancement may not be significant after treatment completion.

5.
Mar Drugs ; 19(9)2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564154

RESUMO

Eight new compounds, including two sambutoxin derivatives (1-2), two highly oxygenated cyclopentenones (7-8), four highly oxygenated cyclohexenones (9-12), together with four known sambutoxin derivatives (3-6), were isolated from semimangrove endophytic fungus Talaromyces sp. CY-3, under the guidance of molecular networking. The structures of new isolates were elucidated by analysis of detailed spectroscopic data, ECD spectra, chemical hydrolysis, 13C NMR calculation, and DP4+ analysis. In bioassays, compounds 1-5 displayed better α-glucosidase inhibitory activity than the positive control 1-deoxynojirimycin (IC50 = 80.8 ± 0.3 µM), and the IC50 value was in the range of 12.6 ± 0.9 to 57.3 ± 1.3 µM.

6.
Zookeys ; 1056: 149-171, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522153

RESUMO

Two new species of freshwater crab of the genus Potamid Aparapotamon Dai & Chen, 1985 are described from Yunnan Province, southwest China. Morphological comparisons were made between the two new species and type materials of other 11 species of Aparapotamon. Aparapotamonbinchuanense sp. nov. and A.huizeense sp. nov. can be separated from their congeners by the shape of the epibranchial tooth, the frontal view of the cephalothorax, the male first gonopod, and the female vulvae. The molecular analyses based on partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene are also included. This study brings the number of Aparapotamon species to 13.

7.
Acta Trop ; 223: 106094, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389330

RESUMO

Paragonimiasis is an important foodborne parasitic disease. Over 50 species of Paragonimus have been reported worldwide, and China has the widest distribution and largest number of species. The detection of Paragonimus metacercariae from second intermediate hosts has been reported in 22 provinces and municipalities. The most frequently reported species are P. westermani, P. skrjabini, P. heterotremus and Euparagonimus cenocopiosus. In this review, we collected and reviewed relevant reports on the detection of Paragonimus metacercariae in second intermediate hosts from 1937 to 2020 from all areas of China. We provide an updated and current summary of Paragonimus species and their hosts in China. Data on the geographical range, species distribution, and second intermediate host species of Paragonimus were extracted. ArcGIS10.2 software was used to generate distribution maps of Paragonimus for four time periods: 1937-1990, 1991-2005, 2006-2020 and 1937-2020. We analyzed the geographic and spatiotemporal dynamics of Paragonimus prevalence in natural foci and provided a basis for further research and paragonimiasis prevention strategies in China.


Assuntos
Vetores de Doenças , Paragonimíase , Paragonimus , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Metacercárias , Paragonimíase/epidemiologia
8.
Mar Drugs ; 19(7)2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356820

RESUMO

Three new metabolites, furobenzotropolones A, B (1-2) with unusual benzene and dihydrofuran moieties and 3-hydroxyepicoccone B (3), together with seven known compounds (4-10) were obtained from the endophytic fungus Epicoccum nigrum MLY-3 isolated from the fresh leaf of mangrove plant Bruguiear gymnorrhiza collected from Zhuhai. Their structures were assigned by the analysis of UV, IR, NMR, and mass spectroscopic data. Compound 1 was further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiment using Cu Kα radiation. In antioxidant activities in vitro, compounds 2, 3, 5, and 8 showed promising DPPH· scavenging activity with IC50 values ranging from 14.7 to 29.3 µM. Compounds 2, 3, 5, 7, and 8 exhibited promising potent activity in scavenging ABTS· with IC50 values in the range of 18-29.2 µM, which was stronger than that of the positive control ascorbic acid (IC50 = 33.6 ± 0.8 µM).

9.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 689619, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335515

RESUMO

RNA chaperone protein Hfq is an important post-transcriptional regulator in bacteria, while c-di-GMP is a second messenger signaling molecule widely distributed in bacteria. Both factors have been found to play key roles in post-transcriptional regulation and signal transduction pathways, respectively. Intriguingly, the two factors show some common aspects in the regulation of certain physiological functions such as bacterial motility, biofilm formation, pathogenicity and so on. Therefore, there may be regulatory relationship between Hfq and c-di-GMP. For example, Hfq can directly regulate the activity of c-di-GMP metabolic enzymes or alter the c-di-GMP level through other systems, while c-di-GMP can indirectly enhance or inhibit the hfq gene expression through intermediate factors. In this article, after briefly introducing the Hfq and c-di-GMP regulatory systems, we will focus on the direct and indirect regulation reported between Hfq and c-di-GMP, aiming to compare and link the two regulatory systems to further study the complicated physiological and metabolic systems of bacteria, and to lay a solid foundation for drawing a more complete global regulatory network.

10.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 12(8): e00386, 2021 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382948

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emerging evidence has demonstrated the potential of the circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) methylation in the application of cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Three genes including Septin9, Syndecan-2 (SDC2), and branched-chain amino acid transaminase 1 (BCAT1), which have been well demonstrated to have aberrant expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) as tumor suppressors, were selected for detection. A total of 234 peripheral plasma samples from 104 patients with CRC and 130 patients with colorectal polyps, and 60 plasma samples from healthy controls, were collected before any treatment. A real-time polymerase chain reaction-based gene panel was used to detect the methylation of Septin9, SDC2, and BCAT1. The composite score (P) was calculated according to the cycle threshold values of the 3 methylated genes using the logistic regression equation. RESULTS: The ctDNA methylation of the 3 genes had a significantly higher level in patients with CRC, compared with patients with colorectal polyps and healthy controls. The composite score (P) showed association with tumor stages in CRC but not with the tumor location (colon or rectum). In addition, BCAT1 and Septin9 showed better performance for CRC diagnosis, by which CRC was able to distinguish from polyps with sensitivity of 83.7%, specificity of 93.9%, and area under the curve of 0.908. The diagnostic efficiency was significantly improved by combining composite score (P), carcinoembryonic antigen, and fecal immunochemical test for hemoglobin (area under the curve = 0.962). DISCUSSION: The composite score (P) derived from the ctDNA methylation levels of Septin9, SDC2, and BCAT1 can be used for CRC diagnosis with high sensitivity and high specificity. A combination of ctDNA methylation, carcinoembryonic antigen, and fecal immunochemical test for hemoglobin was proved to be the most effective approach to diagnose CRC.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 627099, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326817

RESUMO

Polysaccharides separated from Lentinula edodes are well known for their medicinal properties. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of polysaccharide biosynthesis in L. edodes remain unclear. In this study, the fruiting bodies of L. edodes in four developmental stages with significant differences in polysaccharide yield were collected, and the characteristics of polysaccharides were studied. De novo sequencing and comparative transcriptomic analysis were performed by using high-throughput Illumina RNA-sequencing. KS1P30, KS2P30, KS3P30, and KS4P30 were obtained from the four developmental stages, respectively, by hot water extraction and 30% ethanol precipitation. These four polysaccharides had good immune activity in vitro; all of them were ß-glucopyranose with a high molecular weight. Glucose was the main monosaccharide component of these polysaccharides. High-quality clean reads (57.88, 53.17, 53.28, and 47.56 million for different growth stages) and mapping ratios ranging from 84.75 to 90.11% were obtained. In total, 11,493 (96.56%) unigenes and 18,924 (97.46%) transcripts were successfully annotated in five public databases. The biosynthetic pathway and related genes of LEFP30 were mined. The molecular mechanism of LEFP30 yield change in the different developmental stages was predicted. The results provide some insights into the possible mechanisms involved in the biosynthetic pathway of this kind of polysaccharide in L. edodes fruiting bodies. They also indicate that candidate genes can be used as important resources for biotechnology and molecular breeding to regulate L. edodes fruiting body polysaccharide biosynthesis.

13.
Nanoscale ; 13(24): 10898-10905, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126628

RESUMO

Chiral metasurfaces which can achieve different optical responses for left-handed and right-handed circularly polarized (CP) light have been proposed. Most of the research studies on chiral metasurfaces focus on improving circular dichroism (CD) and realizing dynamic manipulation of the chiro-optical response. However, there have only been a few reports on the multi-band chiro-optical response. Here, we propose an all-silicon chiral meta-atom which can realize spin-selective transmission in a dual band. In addition, a terahertz metasurface with spin-selective transmission through phase arrangement is designed by using chiral meta-atoms satisfying a gradient geometric phase. Under left-hand circularly polarized (LCP) incidence, the metasurface generates a focused right-hand circularly polarized (RCP) beam which is focused at a distance of 4.8 mm from the exit surface of the metasurface. Our work broadens the concept of metasurface design and may attract more researchers' attention on the applications of chiral metasurfaces.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(6): 541, 2021 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035220

RESUMO

More and more patients suffered from Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have got recovery gradually due to suitable intervention. Increasing data mainly studies the clinical characteristics of recovered COVID-19 patients, and their molecular changes especially proteome changes also play the same important role in understanding of biological characteristics of recovered COVID-19 patients as clinical characteristics do. In our study, we reported the whole lung-ground glass-CT value-average of mild/severe recovered patients 3 months after discharge without underlying diseases was significantly lower than that of healthy subjects. Then we isolated the extracellular vesicles (EVs) of plasma from 19 healthy subjects and 67 recovered COVID-19 patients. Mass Spectrometry was used to catalogue the proteins of these EVs compared to a defined group of controls. Identified 174 proteins were differentially expressed in the EVs of COVID-19 patients compared with healthy subjects, which involved in lipid metabolic process, response to cellular, and response to stress oxygen-containing compound. Besides, we identified several protein of plasma EVs in recovered patients associated with coagulation activity, inflammatory reaction, immune response, and low organ function. In addition, proteins correlating with clinical index such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were also detected. Moreover, we also identified many unique or characteristic associations found in the recovered COVID-19 patients, which especially involved the kidney, serum electrolyte levels, and inflammation functions. This finding suggests that monitoring the situation of recovered patients might be useful, especially the indexes of coagulation, inflammation, immunity, and organ function, which can prevent bleeding, reinfection and organ dysfunction.


Assuntos
COVID-19/metabolismo , Convalescença , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Adulto , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteômica , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
Front Immunol ; 12: 668002, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017341

RESUMO

It has been reported that melatonin can relieve the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by improving sleep quality, that is to say, the pineal secreted hormone melatonin has a protective effect in the pathogenesis of COPD, but its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we recruited 73 people into control (n = 22), stable COPD (n = 20), and acute exacerbation of COPD (n = 31) groups to detect the serum melatonin levels. Then, through the mouse model, we employed a systematic study based on the metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in the progression of the disease. Circulating melatonin in acute exacerbation of COPD patients was decreased compared with that in healthy donors and stable COPD patients. The serum melatonin level was positively correlated with lung function parameters, such as FEV1, FEV1/FVC, and FEV1% predicted in acute exacerbation of COPD patients. Animal experiments showed that melatonin can not only alleviate chronic lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse lung destruction and chronic lung inflammation but also reduce necroptosis (RIP1/RIP3/MLKL), a programmed cell death process in bronchial epithelial cells. The protective effect of melatonin on chronic lung inflammation was further suggested to be dependent on targeting its membrane receptor MT1/MT2. In addition, transcriptomic and metabolomic profiling in the lungs of mice indicated that LPS can induce perturbations of the mainstream metabolites associated with amino acid and energy metabolism. Melatonin may reduce the necroptosis by modifying the disordered pathways of alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism caused by LPS. This study suggests that melatonin may act as a potential therapeutic agent for alleviating the chronic inflammation associated with COPD.


Assuntos
Pulmão/metabolismo , Melatonina/sangue , Metaboloma , Necroptose , Pneumonia/genética , Pneumonia/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Metabolômica , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pneumonia/sangue , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico
16.
EBioMedicine ; 67: 103365, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971402

RESUMO

Cancer remains one of the most challenging diseases, as many patients show limited therapeutic response to treatment. Liquid biopsy is a minimally invasive method that has the advantage of providing real-time disease information with the least damage to cancer patients. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) released by the parental cells and protected by lipid bilayer membrane structure represent an emerging liquid biopsy modality. Apart from promoting cell growth, proliferation, and migration, EVs and their cargos (mainly miRNAs and proteins) are also biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, their alterations pre- and post-therapy can guide therapeutic strategy determinations for better-stratified therapy. In this review, we summarize the potential clinical significance of EVs and their cargos in therapeutic response monitoring and prediction in several cancers (mainly lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, lymphoma, glioblastoma, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma) and discuss the questions that require future investigation.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neoplasias/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 33, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518712

RESUMO

Akebia trifoliata subsp. australis is a well-known medicinal and potential woody oil plant in China. The limited genetic information available for A. trifoliata subsp. australis has hindered its exploitation. Here, a high-quality chromosome-level genome sequence of A. trifoliata subsp. australis is reported. The de novo genome assembly of 682.14 Mb was generated with a scaffold N50 of 43.11 Mb. The genome includes 25,598 protein-coding genes, and 71.18% (485.55 Mb) of the assembled sequences were identified as repetitive sequences. An ongoing massive burst of long terminal repeat (LTR) insertions, which occurred ~1.0 million years ago, has contributed a large proportion of LTRs in the genome of A. trifoliata subsp. australis. Phylogenetic analysis shows that A. trifoliata subsp. australis is closely related to Aquilegia coerulea and forms a clade with Papaver somniferum and Nelumbo nucifera, which supports the well-established hypothesis of a close relationship between basal eudicot species. The expansion of UDP-glucoronosyl and UDP-glucosyl transferase gene families and ß-amyrin synthase-like genes and the exclusive contraction of terpene synthase gene families may be responsible for the abundant oleanane-type triterpenoids in A. trifoliata subsp. australis. Furthermore, the acyl-ACP desaturase gene family, including 12 stearoyl-acyl-carrier protein desaturase (SAD) genes, has expanded exclusively. A combined transcriptome and fatty-acid analysis of seeds at five developmental stages revealed that homologs of SADs, acyl-lipid desaturase omega fatty acid desaturases (FADs), and oleosins were highly expressed, consistent with the rapid increase in the content of fatty acids, especially unsaturated fatty acids. The genomic sequences of A. trifoliata subsp. australis will be a valuable resource for comparative genomic analyses and molecular breeding.

18.
J Cell Biol ; 220(5)2021 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625469

RESUMO

Matrix stiffness is a central regulator of fibroblast function. However, the transcriptional mechanisms linking matrix stiffness to changes in fibroblast phenotype are incompletely understood. Here, we evaluated the effect of matrix stiffness on genome-wide chromatin accessibility in freshly isolated lung fibroblasts using ATAC-seq. We found higher matrix stiffness profoundly increased global chromatin accessibility relative to lower matrix stiffness, and these alterations were in close genomic proximity to known profibrotic gene programs. Motif analysis of these regulated genomic loci identified ZNF416 as a putative mediator of fibroblast stiffness responses. Genome occupancy analysis using ChIP-seq confirmed that ZNF416 occupies a broad range of genes implicated in fibroblast activation and tissue fibrosis, with relatively little overlap in genomic occupancy with other mechanoresponsive and profibrotic transcriptional regulators. Using loss- and gain-of-function studies, we demonstrated that ZNF416 plays a critical role in fibroblast proliferation, extracellular matrix synthesis, and contractile function. Together, these observations identify ZNF416 as novel mechano-activated transcriptional regulator of fibroblast biology.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Células Cultivadas , Cromatina/genética , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Fibrose/genética , Genoma/genética , Pulmão/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fenótipo
19.
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol ; 64(4): 453-464, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493091

RESUMO

Fibroblast activation is transient in successful wound repair but persistent in fibrotic pathologies. Understanding fibroblast deactivation during successful wound healing may provide new approaches to therapeutically reverse fibroblast activation. To characterize the gene programs that accompany fibroblast activation and reversal during lung fibrosis resolution, we used RNA sequencing analysis of flow sorted Col1α1-GFP-positive and CD45-, CD31-, and CD326-negative cells isolated from the lungs of young mice exposed to bleomycin. We compared fibroblasts isolated from control mice with those isolated at Days 14 and 30 after bleomycin exposure, representing the peak of extracellular matrix deposition and an early stage of fibrosis resolution, respectively. Bleomycin exposure dramatically altered fibroblast gene programs at Day 14. Principal component and differential gene expression analyses demonstrated the predominant reversal of these trends at Day 30. Upstream regulator and pathway analyses of reversing "resolution" genes identified novel candidate antifibrotic genes and pathways. Two genes from these analyses that were decreased in expression at Day 14 and reversed at Day 30, Aldh2 and Nr3c1, were selected for further analysis. Enhancement of endogenous expression of either gene by CRISPR activation in cultured human idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis fibroblasts was sufficient to reduce profibrotic gene expression, fibronectin deposition, and collagen gel compaction, consistent with roles for these genes in fibroblast deactivation. This combination of RNA sequencing analysis of freshly sorted fibroblasts and hypothesis testing in cultured idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis fibroblasts offers a path toward identification of novel regulators of lung fibroblast deactivation, with potential relevance to understanding fibrosis resolution and its failure in human disease.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Animais , Bleomicina , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibroblastos/patologia , Edição de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos Transgênicos , RNA-Seq , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/genética , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Remissão Espontânea , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Transcriptoma
20.
Mar Drugs ; 19(2)2021 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33498874

RESUMO

One new diterpenoid, diaporpenoid A (1), two new sesquiterpenoids, diaporpenoids B-C (2,3) and three new α-pyrone derivatives, diaporpyrones A-C (4-6) were isolated from an MeOH extract obtained from cultures of the mangrove endophytic fungus Diaporthe sp. QYM12. Their structures were elucidated by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations were determined by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations and a comparison of the specific rotation. Compound 1 had an unusual 5/10/5-fused tricyclic ring system. Compounds 1 and 4 showed potent anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting the production of nitric oxide (NO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells with IC50 values of 21.5 and 12.5 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Endófitos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Rhizophoraceae/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Fungos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7
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