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1.
Opt Express ; 28(19): 28620-28634, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988129

RESUMO

We propose a spectrometric method to detect a classical weak force acting upon the moving end mirror in a cavity optomechanical system. The force changes the equilibrium position of the end mirror, and thus the resonance frequency of the cavity field depends on the force to be detected. As a result, the magnitude of the force can be inferred by analyzing the single-photon emission and scattering spectra of the optomechanical cavity. Since the emission and scattering processes are much faster than the characteristic mechanical dissipation, the influence of the mechanical thermal noise is negligible in this spectrometric detection scheme. We also extent this spectrometric method to detect a monochromatic oscillating force by utilizing an optomechanical coupling modulated at the same frequency as the force.

2.
Opt Express ; 28(15): 22867-22881, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32752540

RESUMO

We propose a scheme to implement a supersensitive estimation of the coupling strength in a hybrid optomechanical system which consists of a cavity-Bose-Einstein condensate system coupled to an impurity. This method can dramatically improve the estimation precision even when the involved photon number is small. The quantum Fisher information indicates that the Heisenberg scale sensitivity of the coupling rate could be obtained when the photon loss rate is smaller than the corresponding critical value in the input of either coherent state or squeezed state. The critical photon decay rate for the coherent state is larger than that of the squeezed state, and the coherent state input case is more robust against the photon loss than the squeezed state case. We also present the measurement scheme which can saturate the quantum Cramér-Rao bound.

3.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 3218, 2018 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29459778

RESUMO

We consider the effects of dipole-dipole interactions on a nonlinear interferometer with spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates. Compared with the traditional atomic SU(1,1) interferometer, the shot-noise phase sensitivity can be beaten with respect to the input total average number of particles; and the improved sensitivity depends on the effective strength of the dipolar interaction via modifying the trapping geometry. It indicates that the best performance of the interferometer is achieved with highly oblate trap potential. The Bayesian phase estimation strategy is explored to extract the phase information. We show that the Cramér-Rao phase uncertainly bound can saturate, when the ideal dis-entangle scheme is applied. The phase average of the phase sensitivity is also discussed.

4.
Sci Rep ; 7: 43654, 2017 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28272546

RESUMO

We investigate the possibility to control quantum evolution speed of a single dephasing qubit for arbitrary initial states by the use of periodic dynamical decoupling (PDD) pulses. It is indicated that the quantum speed limit time (QSLT) is determined by initial and final quantum coherence of the qubit, as well as the non-Markovianity of the system under consideration during the evolution when the qubit is subjected to a zero-temperature Ohmic-like dephasing reservoir. It is shown that final quantum coherence of the qubit and the non-Markovianity of the system can be modulated by PDD pulses. Our results show that for arbitrary initial states of the dephasing qubit with non-vanishing quantum coherence, PDD pulses can be used to induce potential acceleration of the quantum evolution in the short-time regime, while PDD pulses can lead to potential speedup and slow down in the long-time regime. We demonstrate that the effect of PDD on the QSLT for the Ohmic or sub-Ohmic spectrum (Markovian reservoir) is much different from that for the super-Ohmic spectrum (non-Markovian reservoir).

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