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1.
Toxicology ; 440: 152475, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Curcumol, a guaiane-type sesquiterpenoid hemiketal extracted from the herb Rhizoma Curcumae, exhibits multiple-pharmacological activities. We previously reported that curcumol ameliorated hepatic fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of curcumol on HSC migration and adhesion, and reveal its regulation mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cellular viability was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8. Cell migration was detected by boyden chamber and cell scratch experiment. Recombinant human periostin (rh POSTN) and adeno-associated viral (AAV)-GFP-periostin were used to achieve POSTN overexpression in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-p65 overexpression was achieved by using plasmid. ELISA was conducted to detect POSTN level. Immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence were performed to assess associated factor expression. RESULTS: Curcumol suppressed HSC migration and adhesion, and reduced the secretion and expression of POSTN. By gain of function POSTN in HSCs, using rh POSTN, we found that the inhibition of HSC migration and adhesion by curcumol depended on the decrease of POSTN. Besides, curcumol protection against chronic CCl4-caused hepatic fibrosis could be impaired by POSTN overexpression. Moreover, we showed that curcumol repressed NF-κB signaling and the production of pro-inflammatory factor. Importantly, curcumol down-regulation of POSTN was rescued by knock-in of NF-κB, as well as the inhibition of HSC migration and adhesion. CONCLUSION: These findings reveal the molecular mechanism of curcumol-reduced HSC migration and adhesion, by which points to the possibility of using curcumol based on NF-κB dependent POSTN for the treatment of fibrogenesis.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(9): 5304-5316, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243714

RESUMO

A growing number of studies recognize that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are essential to mediate multiple tumorigenic processes, including hepatic tumorigenesis. However, the pathological mechanism of lncRNA-regulated liver cancer cell growth remains poorly understood. In this study, we identified a novel function lncRNA, named polo-like kinase 4 associated lncRNA (lncRNA PLK4, GenBank Accession No. RP11-50D9.3), whose expression was dramatically down-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cells. Interestingly, talazoparib, a novel and highly potent poly-ADP-ribose polymerase 1/2 (PARP1/2) inhibitor, could increase lncRNA PLK4 expression in HepG2 cells. Importantly, we showed that talazoparib-induced lncRNA PLK4 could function as a tumour suppressor gene by Yes-associated protein (YAP) inactivation and induction of cellular senescence to inhibit liver cancer cell viability and growth. In summary, our findings reveal the molecular mechanism of talazoparib-induced anti-tumor effect, and suggest a potential clinical use of talazoparib-targeted lncRNA PLK4/YAP-dependent cellular senescence for the treatment of HCC.

3.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 153: 89-102, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is widely prevalent all over the world, characterized by aberrant lipid deposition and excessive oxidative stress in hepatocytes. Recently, pyroptosis, a new type of programmed cell death, has been found in ALD, which provides new ideas for the treatment of ALD. METHODS: Male ICR mice were treated with the Lieber-De-Carli diet (Dyets) or isocaloric liquid diet for 8 weeks, and binge alcohol model was also used for ALD. Blood and livers were taken to evaluate the efficacy of oroxylin A. The levels of factors related to hepatocyte pyroptosis were measured via western blot analyses, immunofluorescence analyses and quantitative reverse transcriptase in vitro. RESULT: Our study found that oroxylin A suppressed hepatocyte pyroptosis through a NLRP3 inflammasome dependent-canonical caspase-1 pathway. Results illuminated that oroxylin A inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation by reducing ROS accumulation. Furthermore, oroxylin A upregulated mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) to resist lipid deposition and mitochondria-derived ROS overproduction. As an upstream mediator of Mfn2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α), a major regulator of mitochondria, was found to promote transcription of Mfn2 under oroxylin A treatment. CONCLUSION: Our research revealed that oroxylin A could alleviate ALD via PGC-1α/Mfn2 signaling mediated canonical pyroptosis pathway resistance.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 84: 106470, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304991

RESUMO

Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a pivotal event in liver fibrosis, characterized by enhanced retinoic acid signals. Although up-regulated retinoic acid signal responds further to maintain HSC activation, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we sought to investigate the role of lncRNA-H19 in regulation of retinoic acid signals, and to further examine the underlying mechanism in this molecular context. We found that lncRNA-H19 upregulation could enhance retinoic acid signals to induce HSC activation, whereas lncRNA-H19 knockdown completely disturbed retinoic acid signals. Moreover, the activation of retinoic acid signals impaired the lncRNA-H19 knockdown mediated HSC inactivation. Interestingly, we also found that enhanced retinoic acid signals by lncRNA-H19 was associated with a coordinate increase in retinol metabolism during HSC activation. Increased retinol metabolism contributed to obvious lipid droplet consumption. Importantly, we identified that alcohol dehydrogenase III (ADH3) was essential for lncRNA-H19 to enhance retinoic acid signals. The inhibition of ADH3 completely abrogated the lncRNA-H19 mediated retinoic acid signals and HSC activation. Of note, we identified dihydroartemisinin (DHA) as a natural inhibitor for lncRNA-H19. Treatment with DHA significantly decreased the expression of lncRNA-H19, reduced the expression of ADH3, blocked retinoic acid signals, and in turn, inhibited HSC activation. Overall, these results provided novel implications to reveal the molecular mechanism of increased retinoic acid signals during HSC activation, and identify lncRNA-H19/ADH3 pathway as a potential target for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

5.
Cell Prolif ; 53(3): e12762, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatic sinusoidal angiogenesis owing to dysfunctional liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) accompanied by an abnormal angioarchitecture is a symbol related to liver fibrogenesis, which indicates a potential target for therapeutic interventions. However, there are few researches connecting angiogenesis with liver fibrosis, and the deeper mechanism remains to be explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell angiogenesis and angiogenic protein were examined in primary LSECs of rats, and multifarious cellular and molecular assays revealed the efficiency of curcumol intervention in fibrotic mice. RESULTS: We found that curcumol inhibited angiogenic properties through regulating their upstream mediator hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). The transcription activation of HIF-1α was regulated by hedgehog signalling on the one hand, and the protein stabilization of HIF-1α was under the control of Prospero-related homeobox 1 (PROX1) on the other. A deubiquitinase called USP19 could be recruited by PROX1 and involved in ubiquitin-dependent degradation of HIF-1α. Furthermore, our researches revealed that hedgehog signalling participated in the activation of PROX1 transcription probably in vitro. Besides, curcumol was found to ameliorate liver fibrosis and sinusoid angiogenesis via hedgehog pathway in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) induced liver fibrotic mice. The protein expression of key regulatory factors, PROX1 and HIF-1α, was consistent with the Smo, the marker protein of Hh signalling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: In this article, we evidenced that curcumol controlling LSEC-mediated angiogenesis could be a promising therapeutic approach for liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo
6.
Autophagy ; : 1-24, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679460

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a recently discovered form of programmed cell death, but its regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we show that the RNA-binding protein ZFP36/TTP (ZFP36 ring finger protein) plays a crucial role in regulating ferroptosis in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Upon exposure to ferroptosis-inducing compounds, the ubiquitin ligase FBXW7/CDC4 (F-box and WD repeat domain containing 7) decreased ZFP36 protein expression by recognizing SFSGLPS motif. FBXW7 plasmid contributed to classical ferroptotic events, whereas ZFP36 plasmid impaired FBXW7 plasmid-induced HSC ferroptosis. Interestingly, ZFP36 plasmid inhibited macroautophagy/autophagy activation by destabilizing ATG16L1 (autophagy related 16 like 1) mRNA. ATG16L1 plasmid eliminated the inhibitory action of ZFP36 plasmid on ferroptosis, and FBXW7 plasmid enhanced the effect of ATG16L1 plasmid on autophagy. Importantly, ZFP36 plasmid promoted ATG16L1 mRNA decay via binding to the AU-rich elements (AREs) within the 3'-untranslated region. The internal mutation of the ARE region abrogated the ZFP36-mediated ATG16L1 mRNA instability, and prevented ZFP36 plasmid-mediated ferroptosis resistance. In mice, treatment with erastin and sorafenib alleviated murine liver fibrosis by inducing HSC ferroptosis. HSC-specific overexpression of Zfp36 impaired erastin- or sorafenib-induced HSC ferroptosis. Noteworthy, we analyzed the effect of sorafenib on HSC ferroptosis in fibrotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma receiving sorafenib monotherapy. Attractively, sorafenib monotherapy led to ZFP36 downregulation, ferritinophagy activation, and ferroptosis induction in human HSCs. Overall, these results revealed novel molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways of ferroptosis, and also identified ZFP36-autophagy-dependent ferroptosis as a potential target for the treatment of liver fibrosis.Abbreviations: ARE: AU-rich elements; ATG: autophagy related; BECN1: beclin 1; CHX: cycloheximide; COL1A1: collagen type I alpha 1 chain; ELAVL1/HuR: ELAV like RNA binding protein 1; FBXW7/CDC4: F-box and WD repeat domain containing 7; FN1: fibronectin 1; FTH1: ferritin heavy chain 1; GPX4/PHGPx: glutathione peroxidase 4; GSH: glutathione; HCC: hepatocellular carcinoma; HSC: hepatic stellate cell; LSEC: liver sinusoidal endothelial cell; MAP1LC3A: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 alpha; MDA: malondialdehyde; NCOA4: nuclear receptor coactivator 4; PTGS2/COX2: prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; RBP: RNA-binding protein; ROS: reactive oxygen species; SLC7A11/xCT: solute carrier family 7 member 11; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; TNF: tumor necrosis factor; TP53/p53: tumor protein p53; UTR: untranslated region; ZFP36/TTP: ZFP36 ring finger protein.

7.
Cell Commun Signal ; 17(1): 149, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, copper complexes have gradually become the focus of potential anticancer drugs due to their available redox properties and low toxicity. In this study, a novel mitochondrion-targeting copper (II) complex, [Cu (ttpy-tpp)Br2] Br (simplified as CTB), is first synthesized by our group. CTB with tri-phenyl-phosphine (TPP), a targeting and lipophilic group, can cross the cytoplasmic and mitochondrial membranes of tumor cells. The present study aims to investigate how CTB affects mitochondrial functions and exerts its anti-tumor activity in hepatoma cells. METHODS: Multiple molecular experiments including Flow cytometry, Western blot, Immunofluorescence, Tracker staining, Transmission Electron Microscopy and Molecular docking simulation were used to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Human hepatoma cells were subcutaneously injected into right armpit of male nude mice for evaluating the effects of CTB in vivo. RESULTS: CTB induced apoptosis via collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), ROS production, Bax mitochondrial aggregation as well as cytochrome c release, indicating that CTB-induced apoptosis was associated with mitochondrial pathway in human hepatoma cells. Mechanistic study revealed that ROS-related mitochondrial translocation of p53 was involved in CTB-mediated apoptosis. Simultaneously, elevated mitochondrial Drp1 levels were also observed, and interruption of Drp1 activation played critical role in p53-dependent apoptosis. CTB also strongly suppressed the growth of liver cancer xenografts in vivo. CONCLUSION: In human hepatoma cells, CTB primarily induces mitochondrial dysfunction and promotes accumulation of ROS, leading to activation of Drp1. These stimulation signals accelerate mitochondrial accumulation of p53 and lead to the eventual apoptosis. Our research shows that CTB merits further evaluation as a chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

8.
Life Sci ; 238: 116934, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610205

RESUMO

Proliferation and differentiation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the most noticeable events in hepatic fibrosis, in which the loss of lipid droplets (LDs) is the most important feature. However, the complex mechanisms of LD disappearance have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we investigated whether oroxylin A has the pharmacological activity of reversing LDs in activated HSCs, and further examined its potential molecular mechanisms. Using genetic, pharmacological, and molecular biological measure, we found that LD content significantly decreased during HSC activation, whereas oroxylin A markedly reversed LD content in activated HSCs. Interestingly, oroxylin A treatment observably decreased the expression of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) without large differences in classical LD synthesis pathway, LD-related transcription factors, and autophagy pathway. ATGL overexpression could completely impair the effect of oroxylin A on reversing LD content. Importantly, reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling pathway mediated oroxylin A-induced ATGL downregulation and LD revision in activated HSCs. ROS specific stimulant buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) could dramatically diminish the antioxidant effect of oroxylin A, and in turn, abolish reversal effect of oroxylin A on LD content. Conversely, ROS specific scavenger N-acetyl cystenine (NAC) can significantly enhance the pharmacological effect of oroxylin A on LD revision. Taken together, our study reveals the important molecular mechanism of anti-fibrosis effect of oroxylin A, and also suggests that ROS-ATGL pathway is a potential target for reversing LDs.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/farmacologia , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipase/antagonistas & inibidores , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Autofagia , Células Cultivadas , Regulação para Baixo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Gotículas Lipídicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais
9.
J Cancer ; 10(17): 4063-4071, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417651

RESUMO

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare macrovascular invasion (MVI)-free survival (MFS) at the three-year follow-up in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent hepatic resection (HR), transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), or TACE combined with radiofrequency ablation (TACE-RFA). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 828 patients who were diagnosed with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A or stage B HCC. Of these patients, 116 underwent HR, 395 underwent TACE-RFA, 239 underwent TACE, and 78 patients received conservative treatment (control group). A validation cohort of 158 patients was included. The MFS and overall survival (OS) before and after propensity score (PS) matching were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: The baseline characteristics between the control and TACE groups were comparable. MFS was higher in the TACE group than in the control group at the three-year follow-up (p = 0.0091), and OS was similar in the two groups (p = 0.0549). PS matching was used to generate 68 pairs of patients in the control versus HR group and 74 pairs of patients in the control versus TACE-RFA group (1-to-1 matched). MFS was significantly higher in the HR or TACE-RFA groups than in the control group (p < 0.0001 (HR versus control) and p = 0.0001 (TACE-RFA versus control), respectively). Furthermore, for patients in the HR versus TACE-RFA versus TACE groups that were generated by PS matching, the Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that MFS and OS were higher with HR or TACE-RFA than with TACE at three years. In the study, similar results were obtained in the validation cohort. Conclusions: MFS and OS were higher with HR or TACE-RFA than with TACE for HCC patients without MVI.

10.
Cell Commun Signal ; 17(1): 11, 2019 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contraction of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis by regulating sinusoidal blood flow and extracellular matrix remodeling. Here, we investigated how HSC contraction was affected by the natural compound oroxylin A, and elucidated the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Cell contraction and glycolysis were examined in cultured human HSCs and mouse liver fibrosis model upon oroxylin A intervention using diversified cellular and molecular assays, as well as genetic approaches. RESULTS: Oroxylin A limited HSC contraction associated with inhibiting myosin light chain 2 phosphorylation. Oroxylin A blocked aerobic glycolysis in HSCs evidenced by reduction in glucose uptake and consumption and lactate production. Oroxylin A also decreased extracellular acidification rate and inhibited the expression and activity of glycolysis rate-limiting enzymes (hexose kinase 2, phosphofructokinase 1 and pyruvate kinas type M2) in HSCs. Then, we identified that oroxylin A blockade of aerobic glycolysis contributed to inhibition of HSC contraction. Furthermore, oroxylin A inhibited the expression and activity of lactate dehydrogenase-A (LDH-A) in HSCs, which was required for oroxylin A blockade of glycolysis and suppression of contraction. Oral administration of oroxylin A at 40 mg/kg reduced liver injury and fibrosis, and inhibited HSC glycolysis and contraction in mice with carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic fibrosis. However, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of LDH-A significantly counteracted the oroxylin A's effects in fibrotic mice. CONCLUSIONS: Blockade of aerobic glycolysis by oroxylin A via inhibition of LDH-A reduced HSC contraction and attenuated liver fibrosis, suggesting LDH-A as a promising target for intervention of hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/farmacologia , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/enzimologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Aerobiose , Linhagem Celular , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Fígado/lesões , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia
11.
Redox Biol ; 19: 375-387, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30237126

RESUMO

It is generally recognized that hepatic fibrogenesis is an end result of increased extracellular matrix (ECM) production from the activation and proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). An in-depth understanding of the mechanisms of HSC necroptosis might provide a new therapeutic strategy for prevention and treatment of hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we attempted to investigate the effect of curcumol on necroptosis in HSCs, and further to explore the molecular mechanisms. We found that curcumol ameliorated the carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced mice liver fibrosis and suppressed HSC proliferation and activation, which was associated with regulating HSC necroptosis through increasing the phosphorylation of receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1), receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3). Moreover, curcumol promoted the migration of RIPK1 and RIPK3 into necrosome in HSCs. RIPK3 depletion impaired the anti-fibrotic effect of curcumol. Importantly, we showed that curcumol-induced RIPK3 up-regulation significantly increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and mitochondrial depolarization. ROS scavenger, N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) impaired RIPK3-mediated necroptosis. In addition, our study also identified that the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase1/2 (JNK1/2) was regulated by RIPK3, which mediated curcumol-induced ROS production. Down-regulation of RIPK3 expression, using siRIPK3, markedly abrogated JNK1/2 expression. The use of specific JNK1/2 inhibitor (SP600125) resulted in the suppression of curcumol-induced ROS production and mitochondrial depolarization, which in turn, contributed to the inhibition of curcumol-triggered necroptosis. In summary, our study results reveal the molecular mechanism of curcumol-induced HSC necroptosis, and suggest a potential clinical use of curcumol-targeted RIPK1/RIPK3 complex-dependent necroptosis via JNK1/2-ROS signaling for the treatment of hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Quinase 8 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 9 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Necrose/patologia , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 8 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 9 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Distribuição Aleatória , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/genética
12.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 53(1): 73-8, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24771056

RESUMO

A high-performance liquid chromatography method coupled with photo array diode detector has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of 11 active alkaloids in Rhizoma Coptidis (R.C.). The analysis was performed on a Benetnach-C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm, i.d., 5 µm) using binary gradient elution with 30 mmol/L ammonium bicarbonate water containing 0.7% ammonia solution and 0.1% triethylamine (A) and acetonitrile (B) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min, a column temperature of 35°C and UV detection at 275 nm. All calibration curves showed good linear regression (r > 0.9993) in the range of 6.94-111.03, 0.625-10.10, 6.27-100.14, 31.88-510.50, 16.25-260.70, 19.88-18.20, 3.13-50.70, 0.125-2.14, 16.44-263, 62.5-1,000, 0.125-2.14 µg/mL for magnoflorine, noroxyhydrastinine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, epiberberine, coptisine, berberubine, worenine, palmatine, berberine, oxyberberine, respectively. It also showed good precision, repeatability and stability for quantification of these 11 alkaloids. The limit of detections and limit of quantitations for the analytes ranged from 0.031 to 0.423 µg/mL and from 0.094 to 1.27 µg/mL, respectively. This method was effective and rapid. The optimized method, which was applied to the determination of alkaloids in crude and wine-processed R.C. samples, was found to be feasible, reliable and suitable for their routine quality control.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Coptis/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Vinho/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 155(1): 649-64, 2014 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24930356

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ascending and descending theory is a core principle of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theories. It plays an essential role in TCM clinical applications. Some TCM medicine has specific properties, which could alter the inclination and direction of their actions. The properties of the ascending and floating process of one herbal medicine are affected by means of herb processing. Wine-processing, which is sautéing with rice wine, is one of the most popular technologies of herb processing. Wine-processing increases the inclination and direction of its actions, thereby producing or strengthening their efficacy in cleaning the upper-energizer heat. Radix scutellariae, the dried roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, is a well-known TCM used for the treatment of inflammation, pyrexia, jaundice, etc. Recently, wine-processed Radix scutellariae was normally applied in clinical studies for the treatment of upper-energizer syndrome. In order to investigate the effects of wine-processing on ascending and descending of Radix scutellariae, the comparative study of distribution of flavonoids in rat tissues of triple energizers (SanJiao-upper, middle, lower jiao) after oral administration of crude and wine-processed Radix scutellariae aqueous extracts was carried out. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were randomly assigned to two groups and orally administered with crude and wine-processed Radix scutellariae aqueous extracts, respectively. At different pre-determined time points after administration, the concentrations of compounds in rat tissue homogenate were determined, and the main tissue pharmacokinetic parameters were investigated. Tissue pharmacokinetic parameters including AUC0-t, t1/2, Tmax and Cmax were calculated using DAS 2.0. An unpaired Student t-test was used to compare the differences in tissue pharmacokinetic parameters between the two groups. All the results were expressed as arithmetic mean±S.D. RESULTS: The parameters of Cmax and AUC0-t of some flavonoids in wine-processed Radix scutellariae were remarkably increased (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001) in the rat upper-energizer tissues (lung and heart) compared with those of the crude group. However, in the rat middle- and lower-energizer tissues (spleen, liver and kidney), the Cmax and AUC0-t of some flavonoids were significantly decreased (p<0.05, p<0.01) compared with the crude group. The main explanation for these differences seems to the effects of wine-processing on ascending and descending theory. CONCLUSIONS: All of these differences in the distribution of triple energizers after oral administration of crude and wine-processed Radix scutellariae aqueous extracts may lead to the increase of efficacy on the upper-energizer tissues and were in compliance with the ascending and descending theory. Therefore, wine-processing was recommended when Radix scutellariae was used for cleaning the upper-energizer heat and humidity. The obtained knowledge can be used to evaluate the impact of these differences on the efficacy of both the drugs in clinical applications and might be helpful in explaining the effects of wine-processing on ascending and descending theory.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Scutellaria baicalensis/química , Vinho , Administração Oral , Animais , Área Sob a Curva , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Meia-Vida , Masculino , Oryza/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Tempo , Distribuição Tecidual
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 139(2): 343-9, 2012 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22107835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional methods of treating cirrhotic ascites are inadequate. We sought to identify a novel, effective approach to relieve the suffering of patients with cirrhotic ascites. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the efficacy of Xiaozhang Tie, a traditional Chinese herbal cataplasm composed of dahuang (Rheum palmatum L.), laifuzi (Raphanus sativus L.), concocted gansui (Euphorbia kansui T.N. Liou ex T.P. Wang), chenxiang [Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Gilg], dingxiang (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.), bingpian (Borneolum syntheticum) and shexiang (artificial Moschus), as an adjuvant in treating cirrhotic ascites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted. One hundred patients with cirrhotic ascites were divided into two groups of equal size. The test group took an umbilical compress with Xiaozhang Tie for 30 days while the control group was administered an umbilical compress with placebo, in addition to primary therapy. Efficacy was evaluated according to the criteria including ascites volume, urine 24-h volume, abdominal circumference, body weight, abdominal distention, appetite, flatus and defecation. RESULTS: Ninety-two patients completed the study, 7 were withdrawn and 1 was excluded. The effective rate of grades I and II was 63.3% for the test group (n=49) and 38.0% for the control one (n=50). Both groups showed decreased body weight and abdominal circumference, increased urine volume and improved symptoms after treatment. However, the differences between pre-treatment and post-treatment in body weight, abdominal circumference and urine volume were 8.7±5.8 kg, 12.4±8.3 cm and 683±644 ml respectively in the test group, noticeably higher than those in the control group, which were 5.3±4.6 kg, 8.0±6.5 cm and 372±697 ml, respectively. The ranking orders of the symptoms of the test group were significantly lower than those of the control group after treatment. No severe adverse reactions were seen. CONCLUSION: Xiaozhang Tie as an adjuvant to primary therapy of cirrhotic ascites is safe and shows a remarkable efficacy on relieving abdominal distention.


Assuntos
Ascite/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Fitoterapia , Administração Cutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ascite/diagnóstico , Ascite/etiologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placebos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Umbigo
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 32(9): 835-9, 2007 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17639988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of Fuzheng Huayu (FZHY) recipe against pulmonary fibrosis relating to MMP-2 activity and type IV collagen expression at lung tissue. METHOD: The pulmonary fibrosis model was induced by intratracheal instillation with bleomycin once in rats. The models were divided into 3 groups: model control, FZHY recipe treated, and methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) treated group, each group was of 14 model rats. Normal control group with 10 rats was intoxicated with the same amount of saline. From the second day of intoxication, FZHY recipe treated group orally took FZHY recipe at the dosage of 4.6 g x kg(-1) rat wt, methylprednisolone treated group received intraperitoneal injection with 15 mg x kg(-1) rat wt of methylprednisolone, while model and normal controls took the same volume of saline, 1 time each day and lasting for 4 weeks. Lung and body weights were weighed and the lung/body ratio was calculated. Collagens deposition was check with Masson stain, and lung hydroxyproline (Hyp) content was assayed with Jamall's method. Protein expressions of MMP-2/9 and type IV collagen at lung tissue were analyzed with Western blot and of MMP-2/9 activities by gelatin zymography. RESULT: Compared to normal rats, the model control rats had a high lung/body ratio, remarkable collagen deposition, increased Hyp content and the expressions of type IV collagen, MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein at lung tissue, increased MMP-2 activity, in particular active MMP-2 activity, but decreased MMP-9 activity. Compared to model control, FZHY recipe and methylprednisolone obviously attenuated pulmonary collagen deposition, decreased lung/body ratio and Hyp content, downregulated MMP-2 protein expression and activity, in particular active MMP-2 activity, and FZHU recipe had some better actions than methylprednisolone on lung/body ratio, type IV collagen expression and active MMP-2 activity. But both drug groups had no influence on MMP-9 protein expression and activity. CONCLUSION: FZHY recipe has a good action against experimental pulmonary fibrosis and its mechanisms are associated with the inhibition of MMP-2 protein and activity, and with the inhibition of over expression of type IV collagen at lung tissue.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo IV/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Animais , Bleomicina , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Hidroxiprolina/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Plantas Medicinais/química , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao ; 4(4): 402-7, 2006 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16834980

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dynamic trends of activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2/9 and protein expressions of their inhibitors-tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1/2 during the progression of pulmonary fibrosis in rats so as to get insight of the roles played by MMP-2/9 in lung injury and fibrogenesis. METHODS: Forty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group (n=18) and bleomycin (BLM)-treated group (n=30). The pulmonary fibrosis was induced by intratracheal injection of BLM once. At the consecutive time of 1 day, 3 days, 1 week, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after intoxication, the lung-to-body weight ratio was calculated and the inflammation and collagen deposition in lung tissue were checked by HE and Masson stainings respectively. Meanwhile, the content of hypdroxyproline (Hyp) in lung tissue was assayed with Jamall's method, the protein expressions of MMP-2/9, TIMP-1/2 were examined by Western blotting, and the activities of MMP-2/9 were detected by gelatin zymography. RESULTS: The histopathological changes in lung tissue in the BLM-treated group from 1 day to 2 weeks after intoxication presented local lesions, broadened alveolar wall and septum, infiltration with lots of inflammatory cells and few of fibroblasts inside alveolar space and septum. At this early stage in the BLM-treated group, the lung-to-body weight ratio was increased significantly, the protein expressions and activities of MMP-2/9 were obviously increased especially for activity of active MMP-2, and the protein expressions of TIMP-1/2 were also increased gradually, as compared with those in the normal control group. From 3 to 4 weeks after intoxication in the BLM-treated group, the alveolar structure was damaged, parts of the alveolar space collapsed and replaced by collagens and fibroblasts, and the alveolar wall and septum obviously widened with remarkable fibrotic characteristics, as compared with those in the normal control group. Meanwhile, the lung-to-body weight ratio and the activities of MMP-2/9 were decreased in the BLM-treated group as compared with those in the same group at 2 weeks after intoxication, but the content of Hyp and the protein expressions of TIMP-1/2 were both increased dramatically, especially at 4 weeks after intoxication. CONCLUSIONS: During the lung fibrogenesis induced by BLM in rats, the alveolar inflammation is the most important alteration with enhanced MMP-2/9 activities in the early stage. While in the late stage, the main change is displayed as pulmonary fibrosis, characterized by increased TIMP-1/2 and declined MMP-2/9 activities.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Animais , Bleomicina , Progressão da Doença , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2/metabolismo
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