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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 601: 853-862, 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116472

RESUMO

To optimize the electrochemical performance of Ni-rich cathode materials, the 0.005 mol of Mg2+ and 0.005 mol of Ti4+co-doping LiNi0.83Co0.11Mn0.06O2 composite powders, labeled as NCM-11, are successfully prepared by being calcinated at 750 °C for 15 h following by an appropriate post-treatment, which are confirmed by XRD, EDS and XPS. The results suggest that NCM-11 presents a well-ordered layered structure with a low Li+/Ni2+ mixing degree of 1.46% and Mg2+ and Ti4+ ions are uniformly distributed across the lattice. The cell assembled with NCM-11 can deliver an initial discharge specific capacity of 194.2 mAh g-1 and retain a discharge specific capacity of 163.0 mAh g-1 after 100cycles at 2.0C at 25 °C. Furthermore, it still maintains a discharge specific capacity of 166.7 mAh g-1 after 100cycles at 2.0C at 60 °C. More importantly, it also exhibits a higher discharge specific capacity of about 150.7 mAh g-1 even at 5.0C. Those superior electrochemical performance can be mainly ascribed to the synergistic effect of Mg2+ and Ti4+co-doping, in which Mg2+ ions can occupy the Li+ layer to act as pillar ions and Ti4+ ions can occupy the transition metal ions layer to enlarge the interplane spacing. Thus, the heterovalent cations co-doping strategy can be considered as a simple and practical method to improve the electrochemical performance of Ni-rich layered cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

2.
Crit Care Med ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938711

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of premorbid ß-blocker exposure on mortality and organ dysfunction in sepsis. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: ICUs in Australia, the Czech Republic, and the United States. PATIENTS: Total of 4,086 critical care patients above 18 years old with sepsis between January 2014 and December 2018. INTERVENTION: Premorbid beta-blocker exposure. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: One thousand five hundred fifty-six patients (38%) with premorbid ß-blocker exposure were identified. Overall ICU mortality rate was 15.1%. In adjusted models, premorbid ß-blocker exposure was associated with decreased ICU (adjusted odds ratio, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.66-0.97; p = 0.025) and hospital (adjusted odds ratio, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.71-0.99; p = 0.033) mortality. The risk reduction in ICU mortality of 16% was significant (hazard ratio, 0.84, 95% CI, 0.71-0.99; p = 0.037). In particular, exposure to noncardioselective ß-blocker before septic episode was associated with decreased mortality. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score analysis showed that premorbid ß-blocker exposure had potential benefits in reducing respiratory and neurologic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that ß-blocker exposure prior to sepsis, especially to noncardioselective ß blockers, may be associated with better outcome. The findings suggest prospective evaluation of ß-blocker use in the management of sepsis.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(9): 2004831, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977075

RESUMO

Recently, the gut microbiota (GM) has been shown to be a regulator of bone homeostasis and the mechanisms by which GM modulates bone mass are still being investigated. Here, it is found that colonization with GM from children (CGM) but not from the elderly (EGM) prevents decreases in bone mass and bone strength in conventionally raised, ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporotic mice. 16S rRNA gene sequencing reveals that CGM reverses the OVX-induced reduction of Akkermansia muciniphila (Akk). Direct replenishment of Akk is sufficient to correct the OVX-induced imbalanced bone metabolism and protect against osteoporosis. Mechanistic studies show that the secretion of extracellular vesicles (EVs) is required for the CGM- and Akk-induced bone protective effects and these nanovesicles can enter and accumulate into bone tissues to attenuate the OVX-induced osteoporotic phenotypes by augmenting osteogenic activity and inhibiting osteoclast formation. The study identifies that gut bacterium Akk mediates the CGM-induced anti-osteoporotic effects and presents a novel mechanism underlying the exchange of signals between GM and host bone.

4.
Transl Behav Med ; 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963414

RESUMO

Chinese Americans experience cancer health disparities throughout the entire cancer continuum. Yet, they remain underrepresented in health research in part due to barriers in recruitment, engagement, and retention. This paper describes the strategies that we devised, by drawing upon our experiences with conducting two culturally sensitive cancer intervention studies, to help researchers improve their recruitment and retention rates of Chinese Americans in health research and address the gap in knowledge on intervention research with this population. The first study assessed the efficacy, adoption, and impact of an intervention, delivered by community health workers, to improve adherence to recommended stomach cancer prevention guidelines for at-risk Chinese Americans. The second study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a culturally adapted version of the Expressive Helping intervention for Chinese American cancer patients and survivors. Our main recruitment strategies revolved around building community relationships, developing culturally sensitive materials, and establishing good first impressions with participants. Our main engagement and retention strategies focused on attending to cultural sensitivity, fostering relationships, and using technology. Harnessing the community's inherent strengths and prioritizing cultural understanding is crucial for culturally sensitive health research with Chinese Americans.

5.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 315, 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exosomes as the main therapeutic vectors of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment and its mechanism remain unexplored. Tumor necrosis factor-α stimulated gene 6 (TSG-6) is a glycoprotein secreted by MSC with the capacities of tissue repair and immune regulation. This study aimed to explore whether TSG-6 is a potential molecular target of exosomes derived from MSCs (MSCs-Exo) exerting its therapeutic effect against colon inflammation and repairing mucosal tissue. METHODS: Two separate dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced IBD mouse models were intraperitoneally administered MSCs-Exo extracted from human umbilical cord MSC (hUC-MSC) culture supernatant. Effects of MSCs-Exo on intestinal inflammation, colon barrier function, and proportion of T cells were investigated. We explored the effects of MSCs-Exo on the intestinal barrier and immune response with TSG-6 knockdown. Moreover, recombinant human TSG-6 (rhTSG-6) was administered exogenously and colon inflammation severity in mice was evaluated. RESULTS: Intraperitoneal injection of MSCs-Exo significantly ameliorated IBD symptoms and reduced mortality rate. The protective effect of MSCs-Exo on intestinal barrier was demonstrated evidenced by the loss of goblet cells and intestinal mucosa permeability, thereby improving the destruction of tight junctions (TJ) structures and microvilli, as well as increasing the expression of TJ proteins. Microarray analysis revealed that MSCs-Exo administration downregulated the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines and upregulated the anti-inflammatory cytokine in colon tissue. MSCs-Exo also modulated the response of Th2 and Th17 cells in the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN). Reversely, knockdown of TSG-6 abrogated the therapeutic effect of MSCs-Exo on mucosal barrier maintenance and immune regulation, whereas rhTSG-6 administration showed similar efficacy to that of MSCs-Exo. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that MSCs-Exo protected against IBD through restoring mucosal barrier repair and intestinal immune homeostasis via TSG-6 in mice.

7.
Vaccine ; 39(25): 3319-3323, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994239

RESUMO

Three inactive monovalent EV-A71 vaccines have been launched in China since 2016, which may change the HFMD pathogen spectrum and epidemiological trend. Using notifications from the national surveillance system, we analyzed the epidemiological character profiles and the possible pathogen replacement. The proportion of HFMD cases aged 0-12 months decreased from 23.0% to 15.3% between 2013-2015 and 2017-2019 (p < 0.01). EV-A71 among laboratory-confirmed severe cases in 2013-2015 (62.8%) transformed to other EVs (67.2%) in 2017-2019. The age distribution of EV-A71 infection shifted to the older. The cumulative coverage of the EV-A71 vaccine for children aged six months to five years in Guangxi has increased, while in severe cases, the positive rate declined. After gradually expanded vaccination, EV-A71 associated incidence rate, case-severity rate has decreased, and other serotypes are becoming dominant. Thus, bivalent even polyvalent vaccines are urgently needed to control HFMD.

8.
Food Chem ; 358: 129821, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933963

RESUMO

The present study investigated the effects of dielectric-barrier-discharge (DBD) plasma treatment (12 kHz, 40 kV) at 1, 2, 3, and 4 min on the reduction of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) binding capacity of ß-lactoglobulin (ß-LG). The IgG binding capacity of ß-LG was reduced by 58.21% following a plasma treatment time of 4 min, as confirmed by western-blot and ELISA analyses. The reduction in IgG binding capacity of ß-LG was directly related to a stepwise change in its structure. The initial drop in the IgG binding capacity of ß-LG was found to be caused by conformational alteration, free sulfhydryl exposure and cross-linkage of molecules induced by oxidation of NH-/NH2- functional groups of peptide bonds and of sensitive amino acid residues (Tyr, Trp) as confirmed by SDS-PAGE, surface hydrophobicity and multi-spectroscopic analyses. Plasma treatment of more than 3 min resulted in cleavage of disulfidebonds and fragmentation of ß-LG that was confirmed by LC-MS/MS analysis, which resulted a further decline in the IgG binding capacity of ß-LG. Plasma treatment therefore has great potential as a substitute treatment for enzymatic hydrolysis for the production of hypoallergenic milk protein-based products.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Lactoglobulinas/química , Lactoglobulinas/metabolismo , Alérgenos/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Oxirredução , Gases em Plasma/química , Conformação Proteica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(12): 5782-5798, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982381

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction syndrome, and liver is a susceptible target organ in sepsis, because the activation of inflammatory pathways contributes to septic liver injury. Oxidative stress has been documented to participate in septic liver injury, because it not only directly induces oxidative genotoxicity, but also exacerbates inflammatory pathways to potentiate damage of liver. Therefore, to ameliorate oxidative stress is promising for protecting liver in sepsis. Wogonin is the compound extracted from the medicinal plant Scutellaria baicalensis Geogi and was found to exert therapeutic effects in multiple inflammatory diseases via alleviation of oxidative stress. However, whether wogonin is able to mitigate septic liver injury remains unknown. Herein, we firstly proved that wogonin treatment could improve survival of mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- or caecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis, together with restoration of reduced body temperature and respiratory rate, and suppression of several pro-inflammatory cytokines in circulation. Then, we found that wogonin effectively alleviated liver injury via potentiation of the anti-oxidative capacity. To be specific, wogonin activated Nrf2 thereby promoting expressions of anti-oxidative enzymes including NQO-1, GST, HO-1, SOD1 and SOD2 in hepatocytes. Moreover, wogonin-induced Nrf2 activation could suppress NF-κB-regulated up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Ultimately, we provided in vivo evidence that wogonin activated Nrf2 signalling, potentiated anti-oxidative enzymes and inhibited NF-κB-regulated pro-inflammatory signalling. Taken together, this study demonstrates that wogonin can be the potential therapeutic agent for alleviating liver injury in sepsis by simultaneously ameliorating oxidative stress and inflammatory response through the activation of Nrf2.

10.
J Neuromuscul Dis ; 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies of hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRv amyloidosis) in South-East Asia are underrepresented in the literature. We report the unique phenotypic and genetic characteristics of this disorder in a multiracial South-East Asian cohort. METHODS: Patients with genetically proven ATTRv amyloidosis were identified over a 13-year period (2007-2020) at the National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore. Clinical, laboratory, genotypic and electrophysiological features were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 29 patients comprising Chinese, Malay, Burmese, Vietnamese and Indonesians with ATTRv amyloidosis were identified. Somatic neuropathy was the most common initial presentation, followed by carpal tunnel syndrome, autonomic dysfunction and cardiac dysfunction. ATTR-A97S (p.Ala117Ser) was the most common variant found in 14 patients, constituting 66.7%of ethnic Chinese patients and 48.3%of the entire cohort. Five patients had early-onset disease (age <  50 years) with the following variants: ATTR-V30M (p.Val50Met), ATTR-G47A (p.Gly67Ala), ATTR-S50I (p.Ser70Ile) and ATTR-A97S (p.Ala117Ser); one patient with ATTR-A97S (p.Ala117Ser) had isolated unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome with amyloid deposits identified on histological examination of the transverse carpal ligament. All early-onset patients had a positive parental history; two patients, with ATTR-S50I (p.Ser70Ile) and ATTR-Ala97Ser (p.Ala117Ser) respectively, demonstrated anticipation with mother-to-daughter inheritance. Amongst the 24 patients with late-onset disease (age≥50 years), two patients had novel variants, ATTR-G66D (p.Glu86Asp) and ATTR-A81V (p.Ala101Val) that were confirmed to be pathogenic based on the histological identification of transthyretin amyloid. Other identified variants included ATTR-V30M (p.Val50Met), ATTR-R34T (p.Arg54Thr), ATTR-S50I (p.Ser70Ile), ATTR-H88R (p.His108Arg) and ATTR-A97S (p.Ala117Ser). CONCLUSION: Our study further expands the genotypic and phenotypic knowledge regarding ATTRv amyloidosis.

11.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e2604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has catastrophically threatened public health worldwide and presented great challenges for clinicians. To date, no specific drugs are available against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) appear to be a promising cell therapy owing to their potent modulatory effects on reducing and healing inflammation-induced lung and other tissue injuries. The present pilot study aimed to explore the therapeutic potential and safety of MSCs isolated from healthy cord tissues in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. METHODS: Twelve patients with COVID-19 treated with MSCs plus conventional therapy and 13 treated with conventional therapy alone (control) were included. The efficacy of MSC infusion was evaluated by changes in oxygenation index, clinical chemistry and hematology tests, immunoglobulin (Ig) levels, and pulmonary computerized tomography (CT) imaging. The safety of MSC infusion was evaluated based on the occurrence of allergic reactions and serious adverse events. RESULTS: The MSC-treated group demonstrated significantly improved oxygenation index. The area of pulmonary inflammation decreased significantly, and the CT number in the inflammatory area tended to be restored. Decreased IgM levels were also observed after MSC therapy. Laboratory biomarker levels at baseline and after therapy showed no significant changes in either the MSC-treated or control group. CONCLUSION: Intravenous infusion of MSCs in patients with COVID-19 was effective and well tolerated. Further studies involving a large cohort or randomized controlled trials are warranted.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Cordão Umbilical
12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053181

RESUMO

To efficiently prevent diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), we have explored and confirmed that metallothionein (MT) prevents DCM by attenuating oxidative stress, and increasing expression of proteins associated with glucose metabolism. To determine whether Akt2 expression is critical to MT prevention of DCM, mice with either global Akt2 gene deletion (Akt2-KO), or cardiomyocyte-specific overexpressing MT gene (MT-TG) or both combined (MT-TG/Akt2-KO) were used. Akt2-KO mice exhibited symptoms of DCM (cardiac remodelling and dysfunction), and reduced expression of glycogen and glucose metabolism-related proteins, despite an increase in total Akt (t-Akt) phosphorylation. Cardiac MT overexpression in MT-TG/Akt2-KO mice prevented DCM and restored glucose metabolism-related proteins expression and baseline t-Akt phosphorylation. Furthermore, phosphorylation of ERK1/2 increased in the heart of MT-TG/Akt2-KO mice, compared with Akt2-KO mice. As ERK1/2 has been implicated in the regulation of glucose transport and metabolism this increase could potentially underlie MT protective effect in MT-TG/Akt2-KO mice. Therefore, these results show that although our previous work has shown that MT preserving Akt2 activity is sufficient to prevent DCM, in the absence of Akt2 MT may stimulate alternative or downstream pathways protecting from DCM in a type 2 model of diabetes, and that this protection may be associated with the ERK activation pathway.

13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 559: 70-77, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933992

RESUMO

CULLIN1 (CUL1) protein, as a scaffold protein in Skp1-CUL1-F box (SCF) E3 ligases complex, was reported involved in different cellular functions to regulate the early embryonic development. In our previous study, we have demonstrated that CUL1 promote trophoblast cell invasion at the maternal-fetal interface in human and the CUL1 protein significantly decreased in preeclampsia (PE) placenta, but how CUL1 involved in placentation is still obscure. Due to the embryo lethal in CUL1 knockout mice, the lentivirus mediated placenta-specific CUL1 knockdown mice model was constructed to uncover the potential role of CUL1 in placentation. In this study, CUL1 was first detected in mouse placenta. CUL1 mainly expressed in trophoblast giant cell at E9.5, and spongiotrophoblast at E11.5 and E13.5 by using immunohistochemistry and int situ hybridization. In lentivirus mediated placenta specific mouse model, the number of implanted embryos was reduced in CUL1 shRNA group at E13.5 and E18.5 compared to control group. Based on the morphological analysis of histologic staining, we observed that spongiotrophoblast layer is expanded, fetal angiogenesis in labyrinth was obstructed and fetus blood cells were accumulated in vessels. These results indicated that decreased expression of CUL1 affect placentation of mice, which give new insights into the cause of gestational diseases, but the exactly mechanism still needs further study.

14.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 23(3): 43-53, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822498

RESUMO

Ganoderma lucidum mycelia are rich in active substances such as triterpenoids and sterols. However, reports on the development of effective submerged fermentation processes are lacking and the resulting total triterpene and sterol yield is still quite low. In this study, a new G. lucidum strain G0017 mycelium isolated by screening was studied in a 3-L fermenter to investigate the effect of aeration rate in liquid submerged fermentation production of triterpenoids and sterols. By fitting the specific mycelial growth rate and the specific production rate of the triterpenoid and sterol model, an effective multistage aeration rate control process for triterpenoid and sterol fermentation production was developed. This process was validated and proven in 3-L and 50-L fermenters. The resulting yields of triterpenoids and sterols were 3.34 and 3.46 g/L, respectively, which were 69.54% and 75.63% higher than the fixed aeration rate of 1.50 volume of air per volume of liquid per minute. This optimized fermentation production process conceivably could be applied to larger-scale industrial production and perhaps also to improve liquid submerged fermentation processes with relevant edible and medicinal mushrooms.

15.
Clin Endosc ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915614

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Proximal colorectal cancers (CRCs) account for up to half of CRCs. Sessile serrated lesions (SSLs) are precursors to CRC. Proximal location and presence of dysplasia in SSLs predict higher risks of progression to cancer. The prevalence of dysplasia in proximal SSLs (pSSLs) and clinical characteristics of dysplastic pSSLs are not well studied. Methods: Endoscopically resected colonic polyps at our center between January 2016 and December 2017 were screened for pSSLs. Data of patients with at least one pSSL were retrieved and clinicopathological features of pSSLs were analysed. pSSLs with and without dysplasia were compared for associations. Results: Ninety pSSLs were identified, 45 of which had dysplasia giving a prevalence of 50.0%. Older age (65.9 years vs. 60.1 years, p=0.034) was associated with the presence of dysplasia. Twelve pSSLs were 10 mm or larger. After adjusting for age, pSSLs ≥10 mm had an adjusted odds ratio of 5.98 (95% confidence interval, 1.21-29.6) of having dysplasia compared with smaller pSSLs. Conclusions: In our cohort of pSSLs, the prevalence of dysplasia is high at 50.0% and is associated with lesion size ≥10 mm. Endoscopic resection for all proximal serrated lesions should be en-bloc to facilitate accurate histopathological examination for dysplasia as its presence warrants shorter surveillance intervals.

16.
Epidemiol Infect ; 149: e92, 2021 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814027

RESUMO

Case identification is an ongoing issue for the COVID-19 epidemic, in particular for outpatient care where physicians must decide which patients to prioritise for further testing. This paper reports tools to classify patients based on symptom profiles based on 236 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 positive cases and 564 controls, accounting for the time course of illness using generalised multivariate logistic regression. Significant symptoms included abdominal pain, cough, diarrhoea, fever, headache, muscle ache, runny nose, sore throat, temperature between 37.5 and 37.9 °C and temperature above 38 °C, but their importance varied by day of illness at assessment. With a high percentile threshold for specificity at 0.95, the baseline model had reasonable sensitivity at 0.67. To further evaluate accuracy of model predictions, leave-one-out cross-validation confirmed high classification accuracy with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.92. For the baseline model, sensitivity decreased to 0.56. External validation datasets reported similar result. Our study provides a tool to discern COVID-19 patients from controls using symptoms and day from illness onset with good predictive performance. It could be considered as a framework to complement laboratory testing in order to differentiate COVID-19 from other patients presenting with acute symptoms in outpatient care.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , /diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Regras de Decisão Clínica , Tosse/fisiopatologia , Diarreia/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Febre/fisiopatologia , Cefaleia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Mialgia/fisiopatologia , Razão de Chances , Seleção de Pacientes , Faringite/fisiopatologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
17.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 254, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stem cells that have undergone long-term ex vivo expansion are most likely functionally compromised (namely cellular senescence) in terms of their stem cell properties and therapeutic potential. Due to its ability to attenuate cellular senescence, melatonin (MLT) has been proposed as an adjuvant in long-term cell expansion protocols, but the mechanism underlying MLT-induced cell rejuvenation remains largely unknown. METHODS: Human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) were isolated and cultured ex vivo for up to 15 passages, and cells from passages 2, 7, and 15 (P2, P7, and P15) were used to investigate cellular senescence and autophagy change in response to long-term expansion and indeed the following MLT treatment. Next, we examined whether MLT could induce cell rejuvenation by restoring the autophagic processes of damaged cells and explored the underlying signaling pathways. In this context, cellular senescence was indicated by senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) activity and by the expression of senescence-related proteins, including p53, p21, p16, and γ-H2AX. In parallel, cell autophagic processes were evaluated by examining autophagic vesicles (by transmission electronic microscopy), autophagic flux (by assessing mRFP-GFP-LC3-transfected cells), and autophagy-associated proteins (by Western blot assay of Atg7, Beclin-1, LC3-II, and p62). RESULTS: We found that long-term in vitro passaging led to cell senescence along with impaired autophagy. As expected, MLT supplementation not only restored cells to a younger state but also restored autophagy in senescent cells. Additionally, we demonstrated that autophagy inhibitors could block MLT-induced cell rejuvenation. When the underlying signaling pathways involved were investigated, we found that the MLT receptor (MT) mediated MLT-related autophagy restoration by regulating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that MLT may attenuate long-term expansion-caused cellular senescence by restoring autophagy, most likely via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in an MT-dependent manner. This is the first report identifying the involvement of MT-dependent PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling in MLT-induced autophagy alteration, indicating a potential of autophagy-restoring agents such as MLT to be used in the development of optimized clinical-scale cell production protocols.

18.
19.
Transl Oncol ; 14(6): 101074, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744726

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Carrimycin is a newly synthesized macrolide antibiotic with good antibacterial effect. Exploratory experiments found its function in regulating cell physiology, proliferation and immunity, suggesting its potential anti-tumor capacity. The aim of this study is to investigate the anti-tumor effect of carrimycin against human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells (HN30/HN6/Cal27/HB96 cell lines) were treated with gradient concentration of carrimycin. Cell proliferation, colony formation and migration ability were analyzed. Cell cycle and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry. The effect of carrimycin on OSCC in vivo was investigated in tumor xenograft models. Immunohistochemistry, western blot assay and TUNEL assays of tissue samples from xenografts were performed. The key proteins in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and MAPK pathway were examined by western blot. RESULTS: As the concentration of carrimycin increased, the proliferation, colony formation and migration ability of OSCC cells were inhibited. After treating with carrimycin, cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase and cell apoptosis was promoted. The tumor growth of xenografts was significantly suppressed. Furthermore, the expression of p-PI3K, p-AKT, p-mTOR, p-S6K, p-4EBP1, p-ERK and p-p38 were down-regulated in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Carrimycin can inhibit the biological activities of OSCC cells in vitro and in vivo, and regulate the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and MAPK pathways.

20.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672678

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a lethal, agnogenic interstitial lung disease with limited therapeutic options. To investigate vital genes involved in the development of IPF, we integrated and compared four expression profiles (GSE110147, GSE53845, GSE24206, and GSE10667), including 87 IPF samples and 40 normal samples. By reanalyzing these datasets, we managed to identify 62 upregulated genes and 20 downregulated genes in IPF samples compared with normal samples. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis to illustrate relevant pathways of IPF, biological processes, molecular function, and cell components. The DEGs were then subjected to protein-protein interaction (PPI) for network analysis, serving to find 11 key candidate genes (ANXA3, STX11, THBS2, MMP1, MMP9, MMP7, MMP10, SPP1, COL1A1, ITGB8, IGF1). The result of RT-qPCR and immunohistochemical staining verified our finding as well. In summary, we identified 11 key candidate genes related to the process of IPF, which may contribute to novel treatments of IPF.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Anexina A3/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Cadeias beta de Integrinas/genética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética , Osteopontina/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas Qa-SNARE/genética , Trombospondinas/genética
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