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1.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 4(9): 1600257, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28932654

RESUMO

A facile hydrogenation-induced self-assembly strategy to synthesize lithium hydride (LiH) nanosheets with a thickness of 2 nm that are uniformly distributed on graphene is reported and designed. Taking advantage of LiH nanosheets with high reactivity and a homogeneous distribution on graphene support as a nanoreactor, the confined chemical synthesis of oxygen-free lithiated composites is effectively and efficiently realized.

2.
ACS Nano ; 11(4): 3705-3715, 2017 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28323408

RESUMO

In search of new electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries, metal phosphides that exhibit desirable properties such as high theoretical capacity, moderate discharge plateau, and relatively low polarization recently have attracted a great deal of attention as anode materials. However, the large volume changes and thus resulting collapse of electrode structure during long-term cycling are still challenges for metal-phosphide-based anodes. Here we report an electrode design strategy to solve these problems. The key to this strategy is to confine the electroactive nanoparticles into flexible conductive hosts (like carbon materials) and meanwhile maintain a monodispersed nature of the electroactive particles within the hosts. Monodispersed carbon-coated cubic NiP2 nanoparticles anchored on carbon nanotubes (NiP2@C-CNTs) as a proof-of-concept were designed and synthesized. Excellent cyclability (more than 1000 cycles) and capacity retention (high capacities of 816 mAh g-1 after 1200 cycles at 1300 mA g-1 and 654.5 mAh g-1 after 1500 cycles at 5000 mA g-1) are characterized, which is among the best performance of the NiP2 anodes and even most of the phosphide-based anodes reported so far. The impressive performance is attributed to the superior structure stability and the enhanced reaction kinetics incurred by our design. Furthermore, a full cell consisting of a NiP2@C-CNTs anode and a LiFePO4 cathode is investigated. It delivers an average discharge capacity of 827 mAh g-1 based on the mass of the NiP2 anode and exhibits a capacity retention of 80.7% over 200 cycles, with an average output of ∼2.32 V. As a proof-of-concept, these results demonstrate the effectiveness of our strategy on improving the electrode performance. We believe that this strategy for construction of high-performance anodes can be extended to other phase-transformation-type materials, which suffer a large volume change upon lithium insertion/extraction.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(23): 14488-93, 2016 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27224962

RESUMO

CoS and NiS nanomaterials anchored on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets, synthesized via combination of hydrothermal with sulfidation process, are studied as high-capacity anode materials for the reversible lithium storage. The obtained CoS nanofibers and NiS nanoparticles are uniformly dispersed on rGO sheets without aggregation, forming the sheet-on-sheet composite structure. Such nanoarchitecture can not only facilitate ion/electron transport along the interfaces, but also effectively prevent metal-sulfide nanomaterials aggregation during the lithium reactions. Both the rGO-supported CoS nanofibers (NFs) and NiS nanoparticles (NPs) show superior lithium storage performance. In particular, the CoS NFs-rGO electrodes deliver the discharge capacity as high as 939 mA h g(-1) after the 100th cycle at 100 mA g(-1) with Coulombic efficiency above 98%. This strategy for construction of such composite structure can also synthesize other metal-sulfide-rGO nanomaterials for high-capacity lithium-ion batteries.

4.
Adv Mater ; 27(39): 5981-8, 2015 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26315783

RESUMO

Monodisperse MgH2 nanoparticles with homogeneous distribution and a high loading percent are developed through hydrogenation-induced self-assembly under the structure-directing role of graphene. Graphene acts not only as a structural support, but also as a space barrier to prevent the growth of MgH2 nanoparticles and as a thermally conductive pathway, leading to outstanding performance.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 44(2): 753-7, 2015 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25407641

RESUMO

This paper reports a complete ammonia borane (AB) regeneration process in which Bu3SnH was utilized as a reductant for the reductive dechlorination of BCl3, and Et2PhN was selected as a 'helper ligand' to generate Et2PhN·BH3, which gives rise to a high yield of AB by a base-exchange reaction at ambient temperature.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(14): 2794-7, 2015 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25535090

RESUMO

A new metal borohydride ammoniate (MBA), Zr(BH4)4·8NH3, was synthesized via ammoniation of the Zr(BH4)4 crystal. Zr(BH4)4·8NH3 has a distinctive structure and the highest coordination number of NH3 groups among all the known MBAs. This compound could quickly dehydrogenate at 130 °C, enabling it a potential hydrogen storage material.

7.
Sci Rep ; 4: 6599, 2014 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25307874

RESUMO

The hierarchical porous Li2Mg(NH)2@C nanowires full of micropores, mesopores, and macropores are successfully fabricated via a single-nozzle electrospinning technique combined with in-situ reaction between the precursors, i.e., MgCl2 and LiN3, under physical restriction upon thermal annealing. The explosive decomposition of LiN3 well dispersed in the electrospun nanowires during carbothermal treatment induces a highly porous structure, which provides a favourable way for H2 delivering in and out of Li2Mg(NH) nanoparticles simultaneously realized by the space-confinement of the porous carbon coating. As a result, the thus-fabricatedLi2Mg(NH)@C nanowires present significantly enhanced thermodynamics and kinetics towards hydrogen storage performance, e.g., a complete cycle of H2 uptake and release with a capacity close to the theoretical value at a temperature as low as 105°C. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the lowest cycling temperature reported to date. More interestingly, induced by the nanosize effects and space-confinement function of porous carbon coating, a excellently stable regeneration without apparent degradation after 20 de-/re-hydrogenation cycles at a temperature as low as 130°C was achieved for the as-prepared Li2Mg(NH)2@C nanowires.

8.
Nanoscale ; 6(21): 12333-9, 2014 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25184240

RESUMO

Well-distributed lithium amidoborane (LiAB) nanoparticles were successfully fabricated via adopting carbon nanofibers (CNFs) with homogenous pores uniformly containing Li3N as the nanoreactor and reactant, simply prepared by a single-nozzle electrospinning technique, for the subsequent interaction with AB. The hierarchical porous structure consists of various macropores, mesopores and micropores in situ produced during the formation of Li3N simultaneously serving as the reaction initiator, which not only controllably realizes the well-distribution of LiAB nanoparticles but also provides favorable channels for hydrogen release. Because of the hierarchical porous architecture and nanoscale size effects, the LiAB nanoparticles start to release hydrogen at only 40 °C, which is 30 °C lower than that of pure LiAB, and dehydrogenate completely within only 15 min at 100 °C (10.6 wt%). This work provides a new perspective to the controllable fabrication of nanosized hydrogen storage materials.

10.
Adv Mater ; 25(43): 6238-44, 2013 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23966063

RESUMO

3D porous carbon-coated Li3 N nanofibers are successfully fabricated via the electrospinning technique. The as-prepared nanofibers exhibit a highly improved hydrogen-sorption performance in terms of both thermodynamics and kinetics. More interestingly, a stable regeneration can be achieved due to the unique structure of the nanofibers, over 10 cycles of H2 sorption at a temperature as low as 250 °C.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Hidrogênio/química , Compostos de Lítio/química , Nanofibras/química , Compostos de Nitrogênio/química , Adsorção , Cinética , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Porosidade , Termodinâmica
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(74): 9296-8, 2012 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22875287

RESUMO

Regenerable hydrogen storage of lithium amidoborane is firstly achieved through the routes of direct thermal dehydrogenation and subsequent chemical hydrogenation of its dehydrogenated products by treatment with hydrazine in liquid ammonia.

12.
Chemistry ; 18(22): 6825-34, 2012 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22492361

RESUMO

A new ammine dual-cation borohydride, LiMg(BH(4))(3)(NH(3))(2), has been successfully synthesized simply by ball-milling of Mg(BH(4))(2) and LiBH(4)·NH(3). Structure analysis of the synthesized LiMg(BH(4))(3)(NH(3))(2) revealed that it crystallized in the space group P6(3) (no. 173) with lattice parameters of a=b=8.0002(1) Å, c=8.4276(1) Å, α=ß=90°, and γ=120° at 50 °C. A three-dimensional architecture is built up through corner-connecting BH(4) units. Strong N-H···H-B dihydrogen bonds exist between the NH(3) and BH(4) units, enabling LiMg(BH(4))(3)(NH(3))(2) to undergo dehydrogenation at a much lower temperature. Dehydrogenation studies have revealed that the LiMg(BH(4))(3)(NH(3))(2)/LiBH(4) composite is able to release over 8 wt% hydrogen below 200 °C, which is comparable to that released by Mg(BH(4))(3)(NH(3))(2). More importantly, it was found that release of the byproduct NH(3) in this system can be completely suppressed by adjusting the ratio of Mg(BH(4))(2) and LiBH(4)·NH(3). This chemical control route highlights a potential method for modifying the dehydrogenation properties of other ammine borohydride systems.

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