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Food Chem ; 368: 130651, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392117


Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and BSA-glucose conjugates (GBSAⅠ and GBSAⅠI) with different extent of glycation were complexed with curcumin (CUR). The formation mechanism of BSA/GBSA-CUR complexes and the effect of glycation on their physicochemical properties were investigated. Fluorescence quenching and FTIR analysis indicated that the BSA/GBSA-CUR nanocomplexes were formed mainly by hydrophobic interactions. XRD analysis demonstrated that CUR was present in an amorphous state in the nanocomplexes. BSA with a greater extent of glycation (BSA < GBSAⅠ

Curcumina , Glicosilação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Soroalbumina Bovina
Food Chem ; 368: 130768, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392120


Apoptosis plays a critical role in sea cucumber autolysis. To investigate the ultraviolet (UV)-induced apoptosis, sea cucumbers with and without injection of BAPTA-AM (cytosolic calcium chelator) were exposed to UV (15 W/m2) for 30 min. The results showed that UV irradiation caused several changes in sea cucumber coelomocytes, including calcium imbalance, abnormal morphology of endoplasmic reticulum, upregulation of pro-apoptotic proteins CRT, CHOP, and caspases 9 and 3, and downregulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. A comparison between the two groups showed that injection of the calcium chelator into sea cucumbers helped maintain coelomocyte intracellular calcium homeostasis and suppressed other abnormal changes caused by ER stress, indicating apoptosis in sea cucumbers is mediated by calcium imbalance and follows the activation of the ER stress pathway. Therefore, this study broadens understanding of the apoptotic mechanism involved in sea cucumber autolysis, which is helpful in developing preservative agents for sea cucumbers.

Pepinos-do-Mar , Stichopus , Animais , Autólise , Cálcio , Homeostase
Food Chem ; 351: 129344, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647688


Protein oxidation is considered as an important factor affecting the texture quality of surimi. In this work, the myofibrillar protein (MP) from shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) was subjected to a hydroxyl radical generating system at various concentrations of H2O2, to simulate the oxidative environment during surimi processing. After the hydroxyl radical oxidation, it was found that the carbonyl content, surface hydrophobicity, and MP aggregation increased. Meanwhile, the a-helix decreased, but ß-sheet increased after oxidation. The moderate oxidation led to a dense network microstructure, increased water holding capacity (WHC) and decreased water mobility, which ultimately enhanced textural (hardness and springiness increased by 0.51- and 0.06-fold, respectively) and rheological properties of MP gel (MPG). However, excessive oxidation could reduce the mechanical properties of MPG. The microstructure, WHC and water distribution played a key role in the mechanical properties of MPG. This study can provide a theoretical basis for processing of shrimp surimi products.

Anostraca , Fenômenos Químicos , Radical Hidroxila/química , Proteínas Musculares/química , Animais , Géis , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Oxirredução , Reologia , Alimentos Marinhos , Água/química
Food Chem ; 295: 423-431, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174778


Effects of natural phenolics on the shelf life of dried scallop adductor muscle predicted by accelerated shelf life testing (ALST) combined with Arrhenius model were investigated. This allows the food industries to reliably and rapidly determine the shelf life of dried shellfish species treated with antioxidants. The shelf life of dried scallop adductor muscle treated with antioxidants of bamboo leaves (AOB) and tea polyphenols (TP) was more than 1.70-fold that of dried control scallop adductor muscle. Thus, the highly nutritional value of dried scallop adductor muscle, based on its lipid constituents, is maintained during storage. OXITEST method further confirmed the improvement of lipid stability of antioxidant treated dried scallop adductor muscle by protecting polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, against autoxidation. Moreover, the natural phenolics employed effectively limited lipid oxidation by breaking the autoxidative chain reaction and/or inhibiting free radical formation in dried scallop adductor muscle during storage.

Armazenamento de Alimentos , Lipídeos/química , Pectinidae/química , Polifenóis/química , Frutos do Mar , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Camellia sinensis/química , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/análise , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/química , Liofilização , Músculo Esquelético/química , Valor Nutritivo , Oxirredução , Folhas de Planta/química , Carbamilação de Proteínas , Sasa/química