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1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586516

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of, and the factors associated with, frailty in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients with RA enrolled in the Institute of Rheumatology Rheumatoid Arthritis (IORRA) cohort completed self-administered questionnaires, which included the 5-item frailty screening index. Patients were classified as frail, prefrail, or robust based on the 5 components of the frailty screening index. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate associations between clinical variables and frailty. Among 3,290 Japanese patients with RA (86.7% female, mean age 62.4 years) who participated this frailty study, 549 (16.7%) patients were categorized as frailty, 2,063 (62.7%) as prefrailty, and 678 (20.6%) as robust. In multivariable models, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 (odds ratio [OR] 1.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.41 to 2.47), BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.71), disease activity scores in 28 joints (DAS28) (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.47), Japanese version of Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index (J-HAQ) (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.52), the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.74 to 0.85), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.98), and methotrexate (MTX) use (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.60 to 0.94) were significantly (P < 0.05) associated with frailty. BMI (both overweight and underweight), DAS28, J-HAQ, EQ-5D, NSAID use, and MTX nonuse appear to be associated with frailty in Japanese patients with RA. Key Points • This is the largest study showing the prevalence and the associated factors of frailty in patients with RA. • Maintaining normal BMI appears to be important for preventing frailty in patients with RA. • We confirmed the significant associations of frailty with high disease activity, high degree of disability, and poor health related QOL in Japanese patients with RA. • NSAID use and MTX nonuse were associated with the frailty in Japanese patients with RA, which could be explained by patients' background.

2.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 119, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342724

RESUMO

In this study, we assess the association between the occurrence of new fractures and vitamin D deficiency in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis using our large IORRA cohort. The results suggest that vitamin D deficiency is a significant risk factor for new fractures in Japanese female patients over the age of 50 years with rheumatoid arthritis. PURPOSE: Both rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and menopause are known risk factors for the onset of osteoporosis. The occurrence of new clinical fractures in patients with RA can significantly lower quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether vitamin D deficiency in Japanese women with RA could be a risk factor for new fractures. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2017, a total of 2567 female patients with RA over the age of 50 years (mean age, 65.9 years) were enrolled in a prospective observational study. Self-reported occurrences of new fractures were verified using patient medical records. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25(OH)D levels < 20 ng/mL. Cox proportional hazards models were used to analyze the independent contributions of various risk factors to the occurrence of a new fracture. RESULTS: New clinical fractures were sustained by 205 patients in the included cases. Among them, new osteoporotic fractures were sustained by 139 patients (63 vertebral fractures and 76 non-vertebral fractures). Among all patients, the mean (SD) serum 25(OH)D level was 16.9 (5.89) ng/mL and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 72.6%. A Cox proportional hazards model revealed that vitamin D deficiency was significantly associated with all new clinical fractures (hazard ratio, 1.44 [95% confidence interval 1.02‒2.05]; p = 0.0365) and all new osteoporotic fractures (hazard ratio, 1.75 [95% confidence interval 1.14‒2.69]; p = 0.0109). CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for new fractures in Japanese female patients over the age of 50 years with RA. Screening these patients for serum 25(OH)D could potentially be seminal to reducing their risk of fractures.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Pós-Menopausa , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(5): 2523-2531, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To compare five radiotherapy methods for prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During 2005-2018, the data of patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer were retrospectively analysed. Patients were treated with high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT); low-dose-rate brachytherapy (LDR-BT); or external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT), including conventionally fractionated radiotherapy (CFRT), moderate-hypofractionated radiotherapy (MHRT), and ultra-hypofractionated radiotherapy (UHRT). RESULTS: In total, 496 patients (149, HDR-BT; 100, LDR-BT; 100, CFRT; 97, MHRT, and 50, UHRT) with a median follow-up of 4.3 years were enrolled. The incidence of grade ≥2 acute genitourinary toxicities was significantly lower with HDR-BT (p<0.001) than with any other radiotherapy. The cumulative incidence of late grade ≥2 genitourinary toxicities was the highest with UHRT and significantly higher (p=0.005) with UHRT than with HDR-BT. Higher symptom score peaks were noted 4 weeks after therapy for LDR-BT than for EBRT. CONCLUSION: Physician-recorded toxicities were slightly lower with HDR-BT and patient-reported outcomes tended to be worse with LDR-BT.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Doses de Radiação , Radioterapia/classificação
4.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk factors of surgical site infection (SSI), delayed wound healing, and death after orthopedic surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We identified articles indexed in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina Web published from 2013 to 2019 and other articles. Articles fulfilling the predefined inclusion criteria were reviewed systematically and their quality was appraised according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system with some modifications. RESULTS: After inclusion and exclusion by full-text review, 29 articles were analyzed. Use of biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs was a risk factor of SSI (risk ratio 1.66, 95% confidence interval 1.25-2.19), but not of delayed wound healing. RA itself was a risk factor of SSI, and oral glucocorticoid use was a risk factor of SSI in three of the four studies analyzed and of postoperative death. Age, male sex, comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, surgical factors such as foot/ankle and spine surgery and longer operative time were risk factors of those postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Patients with those factors should be dealt with appropriate cautions to strike a risk-benefit balance of orthopedic surgeries.

5.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-15, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an evidence base for clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in older adults. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane library, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina databases were searched for articles published between 1990 and 2019. Quality of the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system, with some modifications. RESULTS: Among 702 identified articles, there were 5 post-hoc analyses of randomized controlled trials and 10 observational studies. Meta-analysis of the former yielded a mean difference of the van der Heijde-modified total Sharp score of -2.79 (95% confidence interval [CI] - 3.74 to -1.84) for treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors. The risk ratio (RR) for the American College of Rheumatology 50% response rate, and for serious adverse events was 2.83 (95%CI 1.90-4.21) and 1.32 (95%CI 0.53-3.31), respectively, for Janus kinase inhibitors. Meta-analysis of the observational studies yielded an RR for disease activity score-28 remission and serious infections of 0.76 (95%CI 0.64-0.91) and 1.92 (95%CI 1.31-2.81) for older-versus-younger patients receiving biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, respectively. CONCLUSION: This systematic review provides the necessary evidence for developing CPG for the management of RA in older adults.

6.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-6, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate patients' opinions regarding their rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapy and to reflect the patients' perspectives in the 2020 update of the Japan College of Rheumatology clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to 1600 members of the Japan Rheumatology Friendship Association, who were randomly selected by age and prefecture. RESULTS: A total of 1156 patients returned the questionnaire (response rate, 72.3%; mean age, 63.0 ± 11.9 years). Those who reported having discussed their treatment goals with their doctors (450 respondents, 38.9%) were more likely to be satisfied with their current medical care (odds ratio, 7.13; 95% CI 4.72-10.8) compared with those who had not discussed their goals nor had them explained (287 respondents, 24.8%). The benefits exceeded the adverse effects for all pharmacotherapy (methotrexate, corticosteroids, conventional synthetic antirheumatic drugs, biological agents, Janus kinase inhibitor, and anti-RANKL antibodies). However, while 74.2% of the respondents using biological agents perceived that 'the favorable aspects outweighed the unfavorable aspects,' most of those taking anti-RANKL antibodies (69.2%) felt uncertain. CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire successfully collected information regarding patients' perceptions regarding their therapy. Further implementation of treat-to-target is necessary in Japan to improve patient satisfaction.

7.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-13, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of biosimilars compared with reference biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a part of the process of developing the 2020 update of the Japan College of Rheumatology guidelines for the management of RA. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina were searched for articles to conduct a systematic review (SR). The quality of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. RESULTS: Twenty randomized controlled trials were included (biosimilars of infliximab, etanercept, and adalimumab). A meta-analysis revealed that the risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of achieving the American College of Rheumatology 50% response (ACR50) at week 24 and serious adverse events (SAEs) for biosimilars compared with the reference bDMARDs were 1.04 (0.98-1.10) and 0.84 (0.61-1.18), respectively. The RRs of achieving ACR50 and SAEs at week 24 were respectively 0.93 (0.69-1.26) and 2.15 (0.55-8.35) in the patients who switched to biosimilars from the reference bDMARDs and 0.92 (0.76-1.12) and 1.41 (0.32-6.15) in those who continued the reference bDMARDs. CONCLUSION: Biosimilars and reference bDMARDs were equally useful for the management of RA.

8.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-14, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of exercise therapy on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as part of the process of updating the 2020 Japanese guidelines for the management of RA according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Japana Centra Revuo Medicina Web, and the Cochrane Library (from 2009 to 2018) to identify articles that evaluated PROs of exercise therapy and RA disease activity. RESULTS: A total of 662 articles were identified, including nine RCTs, and meta-analyses were performed on six RCTs on systemic exercise therapy and three RCTs on upper extremity exercise therapy. Analyzed exercise therapies were diverse, differing in target population, intervention method, and duration. Significant improvements were observed in the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (mean difference -0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.60 to -0.10), pain (standardized mean difference -2.04, 95% CI: -3.77 to -0.32), and SF-36. For upper extremity exercise therapy, significant improvements in PROs (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire, Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire) were observed. CONCLUSION: Exercise therapy in RA treatment improves patient subjective assessment of pain, physical function, and quality of life.

9.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-6, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate satisfaction with total joint replacement (TJR) surgery among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We mailed questionnaires to randomly selected members of the Japan Rheumatism Friendship Association, stratified by age and prefecture, throughout Japan. The questionnaire collected demographic and clinical characteristics as well as patients' satisfaction with TJR and their current therapy. RESULTS: Of the 1156 patients who returned the questionnaire, 339 (29.3%) responded that they had had TJR of any type. The mean age was 66.6 years, and 94.4% were women. The mean time period from the hip and knee TJR was 14-15 years. Over half of the patients who had had TJR were satisfied with the results, especially those who had had hip (89.6%) and knee TJR (87.3%), who reported a high level of satisfaction. Multivariable linear regression analysis revealed that, in patients with knee TJR, satisfaction with current therapy was significantly related to whether they were satisfied with the results of the surgery. CONCLUSION: Most patients with RA who had undergone TJR were satisfied with the results even after a long period of time, and their level of satisfaction was associated with their satisfaction with current therapy.

10.
Mod Rheumatol ; 31(4): 790-795, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the proportion of successful biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) discontinuation and related factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical settings. METHODS: Among 1775 RA patients who started bDMARDs between 2003 and 2012, 43 patients with DAS28-ESR <3.2 at the time of bDMARD discontinuation were extracted. Patients were divided into two groups (bio-free success: BS and bio-free failure: BF groups) based on bDMARD usage and disease activity 1 year after discontinuation. We evaluated the proportion of bio-free success and assessed factors related to bio-free success. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients (58.1%: BS group) maintained discontinuation of bDMARDs and DAS28-ESR <3.2 at 1 year after discontinuation. The median DAS28-ESR at bDMARD initiation was lower in the BS group than in the BF group (3.95 vs 5.04; p = .04). The BS group experienced a larger decrease in average glucocorticoid (GC) dose during bDMARD use than the BF group (-3.0 mg/day vs 0 mg/day; p = .01). CONCLUSION: bDMARDs were discontinued without flare up of RA in 58.1% of patients with RA in clinical settings. A lower DAS28-ESR at initiation and reduction of GC dose before discontinuation of bDMARD were important factors associated with bio-free success.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Suspensão de Tratamento , Adulto , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Mod Rheumatol ; 31(1): 42-52, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated long-term control of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Japanese paid workers (PWs) and house workers (HWs) treated with subcutaneous tocilizumab (TCZ-SC) and explored factors affecting response to TCZ-SC regarding work productivity. METHODS: This study collected data from patients with RA in the TCZ-SC +/- conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs group. Factors affecting the response to tocilizumab regarding work productivity were explored using logistic regression. Differences in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) between with/without response were analysed by a linear regression. RESULTS: Data were analysed for 357/360 patients. Patients with a ≥ 75% improvement in activity impairment (AI) were considered responders. EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D), six-item Kessler psychological distress scale score (K6), Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), and the patient's disease global health by visual analogue scale were significant contributors to TCZ-SC response based on improvements in AI. Work Functioning Impairment Scale, presenteeism, EQ-5D, K6, and HAQ-DI significantly contributed to the improvement of overall work impairment in PWs. Shorter disease duration also was related to TCZ-SC response based on AI improvements. Responders had significantly larger mean QALYs than non-responders (difference = 0.2614; p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: These real-world clinical data support long-term work productivity control with TCZ-SC for biologic-naïve HWs and PWs with RA.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Idoso , Eficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19717, 2020 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184461

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of abatacept (ABA) by anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (ACPA) status on disease activity as well as radiographic progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical settings. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from a multicenter registry. Data from a total of 553 consecutive RA patients treated with intravenous ABA were included. We primarily compared the status of disease activity (SDAI) and radiographic progression (van der Heijde modified total Sharp score: mTSS) between the ACPA-negative (N = 107) and ACPA-positive (N = 446) groups. 'ACPA positive' was defined as ≥ 13.5 U/mL of anti-CCP antibody. Baseline characteristics between groups were similar. The proportion of patients who achieved low disease activity (LDA; SDAI ≤ 11) at 52 weeks was significantly higher in the ACPA-positive group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified ACPA positivity as an independent predictor for achievement of LDA at 52 weeks. Drug retention rate at 52 weeks estimated by the Kaplan-Meier curve was significantly higher in the ACPA-positive group. Achievement rate of structural remission (ΔmTSS ≤ 0.5) at 52 weeks was similar between groups. ABA treatment demonstrated a significantly higher clinical response and higher drug retention rate in ACPA-positive patients. Progression of joint destruction was similar between the ACPA-negative and ACPA-positive groups. Close attention should be paid to joint destruction even in patients showing a favorable response to ABA, especially when the ACPA status is positive.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada/sangue , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Peptídeos Cíclicos/imunologia , Idoso , Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(10): 1305-1309, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The genetic background of rheumatoid arthritis-interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) has been evaluated in Europeans, but little knowledge has been obtained in non-Europeans. This study aimed to elucidate genome-wide risk of RA-ILD in non-Europeans. METHODS: We performed an initial genome-wide association study (GWAS) of RA-ILD in the Japanese population. By conducting the meta-analysis of the three GWAS datasets of the RA cohorts and biobank of Japanese, our study included 358 RA-ILD cases and 4550 RA subjects without ILD. We then conducted the stratified analysis of the effect of the GWAS risk allele in each CT image pattern. RESULTS: We identified one novel RA-ILD risk locus at 7p21 that satisfied the genome-wide significance threshold (rs12702634 at RPA3-UMAD1, OR=2.04, 95% CI 1.59 to 2.60, p=1.5×10-8). Subsequent stratified analysis based on the CT image patterns demonstrated that the effect size of the RA-ILD risk allele (rs12702634-C) was large with the UIP pattern (OR=1.86, 95% CI 0.97 to 3.58, p=0.062) and the probable UIP pattern (OR=2.26, 95% CI 1.36 to 3.73, p=0.0015). CONCLUSION: We revealed one novel genetic association with RA-ILD in Japanese. The RA-ILD risk of the identified variant at RPA3-UMAD1 was relatively high in the CT image patterns related to fibrosis. Our study should contribute to elucidation of the complicated aetiology of RA-ILD.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , RNA Antissenso/genética
17.
Lupus ; 29(13): 1712-1718, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of hospitalized infection (HI) between users and non-users of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Using claims data, patients were defined as SLE cases by the following criteria: 1) they had at least one SLE diagnostic code; 2) they had a prescription for specific drugs, including corticosteroids, steroid pulse therapy, and immunosuppressive drugs; and 3) they were at least 16 years old between September 2015 and July 2017 (n = 17,483). The SLE cases with at least one prescription for HCQ were defined as the HCQ group (n = 1,431), while the others were defined as the non-HCQ group. Among the SLE cases, propensity score-matched cases were observed for 1 year (n = 1,095 in each group). RESULTS: The median age and proportion of female patients in both groups were about 42 years and 88%, respectively. The proportions of cases with HIs were similar (HCQ group, 4.5%; non-HCQ group, 5.6%; p = 0.240, McNemar test). The hazard ratio of the HCQ group for HIs after adjusting for patients' characteristics was not significant at 0.9 (0.6-1.3). CONCLUSION: The use of HCQ was not associated with a risk of HIs in patients with SLE.

18.
Osteoporos Sarcopenia ; 6(2): 82-87, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715099

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with osteoporosis medication use in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Patients with RA who enrolled in our cohort completed self-administered questionnaires which included questions regarding their osteoporosis medications. Logistic regression was used to determine the association of variables with the use of these medications. Results: Among 5660 Japanese patients with RA who responded to the questionnaires (mean age, 61.8 years; 86.0% female), 1983 patients (35.0%) and 1211 patients (21.4%) reported taking osteoporosis medications and antiresorptive agents, respectively. In multivariate models, age, female sex, lower body mass index (BMI), self-reported fracture history, Japanese Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (JHAQ-DI), daily dosage of prednisone (PSL), weekly dosage of methotrexate (MTX), and concomitant use of hypertension and hyperlipidemia medications were significantly associated with the use of osteoporosis medications (P < 0.05). Among women with RA, the use of hypertension medications was significantly correlated with the use of both osteoporosis medications and antiresorptive agents (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Age, female sex, a lower BMI, duration of RA, self-reported fracture history, JHAQ-DI, daily dosage of PSL, weekly dosage of MTX, and the use of medications for hypertension and hyperlipidemia appear to be associated with the use of osteoporosis medications in Japanese patients with RA.

19.
J Med Chem ; 63(13): 7143-7162, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551607

RESUMO

Two chemical series of novel protein kinase C ζ (PKCζ) inhibitors, 4,6-disubstituted and 5,7-disubstituted isoquinolines, were rapidly identified using our fragment merging strategy. This methodology involves biochemical screening of a high concentration of a monosubstituted isoquinoline fragment library, then merging hit isoquinoline fragments into a single compound. Our strategy can be applied to the discovery of other challenging kinase inhibitors without protein-ligand structural information. Furthermore, our optimization effort identified the highly potent and orally available 5,7-isoquinoline 37 from the second chemical series. Compound 37 showed good efficacy in a mouse collagen-induced arthritis model. The in vivo studies suggest that PKCζ inhibition is a novel target for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and that 5,7-disubstituted isoquinoline 37 has the potential to elucidate the biological consequences of PKCζ inhibition, specifically in terms of therapeutic intervention for RA.


Assuntos
Desenho de Fármacos , Isoquinolinas/química , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase C/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Isoquinolinas/farmacocinética , Ligantes , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica , Proteína Quinase C/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Distribuição Tecidual
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