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1.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 33(11): 1451-1458, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several noninvasive markers have been developed to predict nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We investigated the predictive value of the cytokeratin-18 fragment (CK18-F) level and FIB-4 index for diagnosing NASH in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: A total of 246 patients histologically diagnosed with NASH (n = 185) or nonalcoholic fatty liver (n = 61) were enrolled. We analyzed weighted receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the prediction of NASH and determined the relationship between the CK18-F level and the histological features of NASH. In addition, we investigated the predictive value of the combination of the CK18-F level and FIB-4 index for diagnosing NASH. RESULTS: The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) value of the CK18-F level was 0.77. With a CK18-F cutoff level of 260 U/L, the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing NASH were 82.7 and 57.4%, respectively. Multiple comparisons showed that the CK18-F level did not differ among fibrosis stages but did significantly differ among hepatocyte ballooning grades. Overall, 95.7% (66/69) of patients with a FIB-4 index of ≥2.67 had NASH. In patients with a FIB-4 index of <2.67, the AUROC value of the CK18-F level for predicting NASH was 0.77 and a CK18-F cutoff level of 260 U/L resulted in a sensitivity and specificity of 82.4 and 56.9%. CONCLUSIONS: The CK18-F level had a good predictive ability for diagnosing NASH in patients with NAFLD. Additionally, the combination of the CK18-F level and FIB-4 index accurately and noninvasively predicted NASH, even those with a low FIB-4 index.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Humanos , Queratina-18 , Cirrose Hepática , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
Hepatol Commun ; 5(4): 559-572, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860115

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine whether the diagnostic accuracy of four noninvasive tests (NITs) for detecting advanced fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is maintained or is inferior to with or without the presence of type 2 diabetes. Overall, 874 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD were enrolled. After propensity-score matching by age, sex, and the prevalence of dyslipidemia, 311 patients were enrolled in each group of with or without diabetes. To evaluate the effect of diabetes, we compared the diagnostic accuracy of the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index, the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), the aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), and type IV collagen 7S (COL4-7S) in patients with NAFLD with and without diabetes. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) for identifying advanced fibrosis in patients without diabetes were 0.879 for the FIB-4 index, 0.851 for the NFS, 0.862 for the APRI, and 0.883 for COL4-7S. The AUROCs in patients with diabetes were 0.790 for the FIB-4 index, 0.784 for the NFS, 0.771 for the APRI, and 0.872 for COL4-7S. The AUROC of COL4-7S was significantly larger than that of the other NITs in patients with NAFLD with diabetes than in those without diabetes. The optimal high and low cutoff points of COL4-7S were 5.9 ng/mL and 4.8 ng/mL, respectively. At the low cutoff point, the accuracy of COL4-7S was better than that of the other NITs, especially in patients with diabetes. Conclusion: COL4-7S measurement might be the best NIT for identifying advanced fibrosis in NAFLD, especially in NAFLD with diabetes.

3.
JGH Open ; 4(5): 929-936, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102766

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is typically associated with metabolic syndrome and diabetes, and insulin resistance is involved in its pathogenesis. However, the relationship between insulin secretion and NAFLD is unclear. We aimed to characterize the relationship between fasting insulin secretory function (ISF), evaluated using the homeostatic model assessment-beta cell function (HOMA-ß) and the severity of fibrosis during NAFLD. Methods: A-ß was calculated in 188 patients with biopsy-confirmed NAFLD, and the correlations between Log HOMA-ß and clinical parameters, including hepatic fibrosis, were calculated. Results: Log HOMA-ß was significantly lower in NAFLD patients with significant fibrosis (stages 2-4) than in those in the early stages (stages 0-1) (median [interquartile range]) (2.1 [1.9-2.4] vs 2.0 [1.8-2.2], P = 0.04). The prevalence of significant fibrosis decreased with increasing Log HOMA-ß: it was 59.2% in participants with low ISF (Log HOMA-ß < 1.85), 43.6% in those with intermediate ISF (1.85 ≤ Log HOMA-ß < 2.25), and 68.0% in those with high ISF (Log HOMA-ß ≥ 2.25). Patients with lower Log HOMA-ß had lower current body mass index (BMI), BMI at 20 years of age, and peak lifetime BMI than patients with intermediate or high Log HOMA-ß. Conclusions: Fasting ISF decreased alongside the development of liver fibrosis in NAFLD, suggesting that an impaired ß cell function has a characteristic finding of significant liver fibrosis in relatively nonobese Japanese patients.

4.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086582

RESUMO

In patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), liver fibrosis is the predictive factor for liver-related events and prognosis. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate longitudinal changes in the FIB-4 index and to determine a strategy for diagnosing and following patients with NAFLD using this index. We analyzed the FIB-4 index at baseline and after 1 and 5 years in 272 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Of these, 52 patients underwent serial biopsies. The change in the FIB-4 index was correlated with changes in the fibrosis stage among these patients (p = 0.048). The median FIB-4 index was 1.64 at baseline, 1.45 at 1 year, and 1.74 at 5 years. The negative predictive value for advanced fibrosis at a low cutoff point was 90.4/90.1 at baseline/1 year. Its specificity at a high cutoff point increased from 65.0% at baseline to 82.3% at 1 year. Multivariate analysis identified the FIB-4 index at 1 year as a predictive factor for a FIB-4 index > 2.67 at 5 years. A FIB-4 index < 1.30 was acceptable for excluding advanced fibrosis at baseline. In contrast, to evaluate and predict advanced liver fibrosis with the FIB-4 index at a high cutoff point, we should use the index at 1 year after appropriate therapy.

5.
Liver Int ; 40(7): 1686-1692, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: PNPLA3 rs738409 has been associated with increased risks of fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recently, carriage of the rs6834314 G allele, which is in high linkage with rs72613567 of 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 13 (HSD17B13), was reported to be associated with a reduced risk of liver injury in NAFLD patients. We estimated the impact of these genetic variants on hepatic fibrosis in Japanese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: We analysed the associations of these genetic variants with liver histology in 290 Japanese patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD diagnosed during 2002-2019. During follow-up, 14 patients (4.8%) developed hepatocellular carcinoma. RESULTS: Prevalences of the PNPLA3 rs738409 genotypes were 0.17 for CC, 0.41 for CG, 0.42 for GG, and those for HSD17B13 rs6834314 were 0.54 for AA, 0.39 for AG and 0.07 for GG. There was no significant interaction between the PNPLA3 and HSD17B13 genotypes. Prevalences of advanced fibrosis according to PNPLA3/HSD17B13 genotypes were 0.16 for CC,CG/AG,GG, 0.20 for CC,CG/AA, 0.30 for GG/AG,GG and 0.37 for GG/AA. Multivariate analysis identified PNPLA3 GG as a predictor of advanced fibrosis (stage 3/4) in carriers of HSD17B13 AA (odds ratio 2.4, P = .041), but not HSD17B13 AG/GG (P = .776). The HSD17B13 genotype G was significantly associated with lower prevalences of severe inflammation and ballooning and tended to be associated with a higher prevalence of advanced steatosis. CONCLUSIONS: In Japanese patients with NAFLD, carriage of the HSD17B13 rs6834314 G allele attenuated the effect of the PNPLA3 rs738409 GG genotype on advanced hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Lipase/genética , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
BMJ Open Gastroenterol ; 6(1): e000329, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645988

RESUMO

Background: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a severe state of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is pathologically characterised by steatosis, hepatocyte ballooning, and lobular inflammation. Host-microbial interaction has gained attention as one of the risk factors for NASH. Recently, cnm-gene positive Streptococcus mutans expressing cell surface collagen-binding protein, Cnm (cnm-positive S. mutans), was shown to aggravate NASH in model mice. Here, we assessed the detection rate of cnm-positive S. mutans in oral samples from patients with NASH among NAFLD. Methods: This single hospital cohort study included 41 patients with NAFLD. NASH was diagnosed histologically or by clinical score. The prevalence of cnm-positive S. mutans, oral hygiene and blood tests, including liver enzymes, adipocytokines and inflammatory and fibrosis markers, were assessed in biopsy-proven or clinically suspected NASH among NAFLD. Results: Prevalence of cnm-positive S. mutans was significantly higher in patients with NASH than patients without NASH (OR 3.8; 95% CI 1.02 to 15.5). The cnm-positive S. mutans was related to decreased numbers of naturally remaining teeth and increased type IV collagen 7S level (median (IQR) 10.0 (5.0-17.5) vs 20.0 (5.0-25.0), p=0.06; 5.1 (4.0-7.9) vs 4.4 (3.7-5.3), p=0.13, respectively). Conclusions: Prevalence of cnm-positive S. mutans in the oral cavity could be related to fibrosis of NASH among NAFLD.

8.
Biomed Rep ; 11(2): 63-69, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338192

RESUMO

Pruritus is a common pathogenesis in liver diseases, including chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The phases of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are defined in the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases guidelines. However, it still remains unclear whether the phase independently affects pruritus. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of HBV infection phase on pruritus in patients with HBV. Of the 1,631 patients that attended the joint research facilities and were interviewed regarding their pruritus between January and June 2016, 196 patients with HBV infection were selected for the present analysis. One-to-one propensity score-matching using 13 variables was performed between participants in the hepatitis B e antigen (HBe-Ag)-positive/negative immune-active phase group and the inactive CHB phase group. Data from 47 patients per group were included in the final analysis. The prevalence of pruritus in the inactive CHB phase was significantly lower than in the HBe-Ag-positive/negative immune-active phase (23 vs. 47%; P=0.031). Being in the inactive CHB phase was determined to be an independent risk factor for pruritus (odds ratio, 0.35; 95% confidence interval, 0.143-0.842; P=0.019). The progression to inactive CHB phase may contribute to the amelioration of pruritus in patients with HBV infection.

9.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(9): 1626-1632, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD-HCC) is increasing. Unfortunately, NAFLD frequently develops into HCC without liver cirrhosis. Therefore, we investigated the clinical features of HCC in NAFLD patients without advanced fibrosis. METHODS: We compared clinical characteristics, survival rates, and recurrence rates between 104 NAFLD-HCC patients diagnosed between January 2000 and December 2016, including 35 without (F0-2) and 69 with advanced fibrosis (F3-F4). Risk factors associated with survival and recurrence were evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 66.3% of those diagnosed had advanced fibrosis, 58.8% in men and 80.5% in women (men vs women, P = 0.03). In NAFLD-HCC without advanced fibrosis, tumor size was significantly larger and liver histological activity was lower than those in patients with advanced fibrosis. Survival rates between the two groups did not differ. Among those achieving curative treatment, the recurrence rate was significantly lower in NAFLD-HCC without advanced fibrosis (P < 0.01). Risk factors of recurrence were male gender, lower serum albumin, and advanced fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: In men, HCC tended to develop from NAFLD without advanced fibrosis. Although tumor size in NAFLD-HCC without advanced fibrosis is significantly larger, the recurrence rate is significantly lower. Surgical therapy should be strongly considered in these cases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/mortalidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Carga Tumoral
10.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(8): 1390-1395, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is common in the general population, identifying patients with advanced fibrosis remains a challenge. We investigated whether the homeostasis model assessment parameter of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), an index of IR and one of the most important metabolic factors, is an independent predictive factor for advanced fibrosis in nondiabetic patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional multicenter study. We included 361 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD who had not been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus: 175 (48%) were women and 48 (13%) had advanced fibrosis. We used simple random sampling; the sampling ratio of the estimation and validation groups was 7:3. A logistic model was constructed for both the estimation and validation groups. The explanatory variables were age ≥ 49 years, sex (women), body mass index ≥ 26.7 kg/m2 , the presence of hypertension, presence of dyslipidemia, fasting plasma glucose level ≥ 98 mg/dL, fasting immune reactive insulin level ≥ 12.0 µU/mL, and HOMA-IR ≥ 2.90. The median HOMA-IR of the patients was 2.88 (interquartile range: 2.1-4.8). RESULTS: In the estimation group, univariate and multivariate analyses showed that age, dyslipidemia, and HOMA-IR were independent predictors of advanced fibrosis. In the validation group, only age and HOMA-IR were found to be independent predictors of advanced fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Homeostasis model assessment parameter of insulin resistance was an independent predictor of advanced liver fibrosis in nondiabetic patients with NAFLD. Given that most patients with NAFLD are nondiabetic, it is important to set goals with respect to improving IR to subsequently reduce liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Resistência à Insulina , Insulina/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Lipídeos/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 10434, 2018 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992975

RESUMO

The prognosis of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-related hepatocellular carcinoma (NAFLD-HCC) is intricately associated with various factors. We aimed to investigate the prognostic algorithm of NAFLD-HCC patients using a data-mining analysis. A total of 247 NAFLD-HCC patients diagnosed from 2000 to 2014 were registered from 17 medical institutions in Japan. Of these, 136 patients remained alive (Alive group) and 111 patients had died at the censor time point (Deceased group). The random forest analysis demonstrated that treatment for HCC and the serum albumin level were the first and second distinguishing factors between the Alive and Deceased groups. A decision-tree algorithm revealed that the best profile comprised treatment with hepatectomy or radiofrequency ablation and a serum albumin level ≥3.7 g/dL (Group 1). The second-best profile comprised treatment with hepatectomy or radiofrequency ablation and serum albumin levels <3.7 g/dL (Group 2). The 5-year overall survival rate was significantly higher in the Group 1 than in the Group 2. Thus, we demonstrated that curative treatment for HCC and serum albumin level >3.7 g/dL was the best prognostic profile for NAFLD-HCC patients. This novel prognostic algorithm for patients with NAFLD-HCC could be used for clinical management.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/terapia , Prognóstico , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Albumina Sérica/análise
13.
J Gastroenterol ; 53(11): 1216-1224, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29744597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The FIB4 index is clinically useful, but because its formula includes age, the appropriate cutoff point may differ by age group. Here, new FIB4 index cutoff points were validated using cohort data from 14 hepatology centers in Japan. METHODS: The FIB4 index was determined in biopsy-confirmed NAFLD patients (n = 1050) who were divided into four groups: ≤ 49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥ 70 years. ROC analysis predicted advanced fibrosis in each age group; low and high cutoff points were defined by a sensitivity and specificity of 90%. The new and conventional cutoffs were compared for detecting advanced fibrosis. RESULTS: The modified low and high cutoff points were 1.05 and 1.21 in ≤ 49 years, 1.24 and 1.96 in 50-59 years, 1.88 and 3.24 in 60-69 years, and 1.95 and 4.56 in ≥ 70 years. In ≥ 60 years, the false-negative rate was increased using the modified high cutoff point, and the high cutoff point was better with the conventional cutoff point. The new proposed low and high cutoff points are 1.05 and 1.21 in ≤ 49 years, 1.24 and 1.96 in 50-59 years, 1.88 and 2.67 in 60-69 years, and 1.95 and 2.67 in ≥ 70 years; these cutoff points improved the accuracy of advanced fibrosis diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: FIB4 index cutoff points for predicting advanced fibrosis in NAFLD increased with age. Cutoff points modified by age improved the diagnostic accuracy of estimations of advanced liver fibrosis using the FIB4 index.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0185490, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29385134

RESUMO

The genetic factors affecting the natural history of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), including the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and NASH-derived hepatocellular carcinoma (NASH-HCC), are still unknown. In the current study, we sought to identify genetic factors related to the development of NAFLD, NASH, and NASH-HCC, and to establish risk-estimation models for them. For these purposes, 936 histologically proven NAFLD patients were recruited, and genome-wide association (GWA) studies were conducted for 902, including 476 NASH and 58 NASH-HCC patients, against 7,672 general-population controls. Risk estimations for NAFLD and NASH were then performed using the SNPs identified as having significant associations in the GWA studies. We found that rs2896019 in PNPLA3 [p = 2.3x10-31, OR (95%CI) = 1.85 (1.67-2.05)], rs1260326 in GCKR [p = 9.6x10-10, OR (95%CI) = 1.38(1.25-1.53)], and rs4808199 in GATAD2A [p = 2.3x10-8, OR (95%CI) = 1.37 (1.23-1.53)] were significantly associated with NAFLD. Notably, the number of risk alleles in PNPLA3 and GATAD2A was much higher in Matteoni type 4 (NASH) patients than in type 1, type 2, and type 3 NAFLD patients. In addition, we newly identified rs17007417 in DYSF [p = 5.2x10-7, OR (95%CI) = 2.74 (1.84-4.06)] as a SNP associated with NASH-HCC. Rs641738 in TMC4, which showed association with NAFLD in patients of European descent, was not replicated in our study (p = 0.73), although the complicated LD pattern in the region suggests the necessity for further investigation. The genetic variants of PNPLA3, GCKR, and GATAD2A were then used to estimate the risk for NAFLD. The obtained Polygenic Risk Scores showed that the risk for NAFLD increased with the accumulation of risk alleles [AUC (95%CI) = 0.65 (0.63-0.67)]. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that NASH is genetically and clinically different from the other NAFLD subgroups. We also established risk-estimation models for NAFLD and NASH using multiple genetic markers. These models can be used to improve the accuracy of NAFLD diagnosis and to guide treatment decisions for patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Modelos Biológicos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Alelos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Japão , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Gastroenterol ; 53(3): 438-448, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28744823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic fibrosis is an independent risk factor for mortality and liver-related events in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). PNPLA3 rs738409 has been associated with fibrosis in viral and non-viral hepatitis. TLL1 rs17047200 also has been associated with developing hepatocellular carcinoma probably via hepatic fibrogenesis. We estimated the impact of these genetic polymorphisms on hepatic fibrosis in Japanese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: We analyzed the association between these genetic variants and the backgrounds of 817 individuals who received health checkups (health check cohort) from 2012 to 2014. Then, we investigated the relationship between genetic variants and liver histology in 258 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD in Japan (NAFLD cohort) from 2012 to 2017 (UMIN000027399). RESULTS: The prevalence of PNPLA3 CG/GG in the NAFLD cohort was higher than that in the health check cohort (p < 0.001). The prevalence of patients with advanced fibrosis (stages 3-4) was higher for PNPLA3 genotype CG/GG than CC (p = 0.048) and for TLL1 genotype AT/TT than AA (p = 0.044). The high-risk group which had at least two risk alleles of these variants was more likely to have advanced fibrosis (p = 0.004). Multivariate analysis identified body mass index [odds ratio (OR) 1.123, serum AST (OR 1.037, p = 0.004], serum albumin (OR 0.247, p = 0.032), and genetic high risk (OR 2.632, p = 0.026) as predictors of advanced fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: In Japanese patients with NAFLD, individuals with risk alleles of PNPLA3 and TLL1 may have a risk of advanced fibrosis.


Assuntos
Lipase/genética , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Metaloproteases Semelhantes a Toloide/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Prevalência , Albumina Sérica , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
16.
Hepatol Res ; 48(3): E42-E51, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28628263

RESUMO

AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major complication of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the risk factors for development of T2DM in patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. METHODS: One hundred and sixty two consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD who received a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test were enrolled as the total cohort. Among them, we analyzed 89 patients without T2DM diagnosed by oral glucose tolerance test to estimate the cumulative rate for development of T2DM as the follow-up cohort. RESULTS: Of 162 patients, the glucose tolerance pattern were DM in 45 patients (27.8%), impaired glucose tolerance in 68 (42.0%), and normal glucose tolerance in 49 (30.2%). Patients with NAFL tended to be more likely to have normal glucose tolerance than those with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The serum levels of pre- and post-load insulin were significantly higher in the NASH group. Of 89 patients without T2DM, 13 patients newly developed T2DM during a follow-up period of 5.2 years. The cumulative rate of T2DM incidence was 8.8% at the end of the 5th year and 23.4% at the end of the 10th year. Multivariate analysis identified homeostasis model of assessment - insulin resistance (≥3.85, hazard ratio 40.1, P = 0.033) as an independent risk factor for development of T2DM. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with NASH have an underlying potential of glucose intolerance. In NAFLD patients, insulin resistance is the most important risk factor for the incidence of T2DM. Appropriate therapy against insulin resistance could be needed for patients with NAFLD to prevent development of T2DM.

17.
Hepatol Res ; 48(3): E252-E262, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28877392

RESUMO

AIM: Pruritus is a common comorbidity in chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to clarify the prevalence of pruritus and its characteristics in patients with chronic liver disease. METHODS: A total of 1631 patients with chronic liver disease who attended one of nine joint-research facilities from January to June 2016 were enrolled. We investigated the prevalence of pruritus, itch location, itch duration, daily itch fluctuation, seasonal itch exacerbation, treatment drugs, and therapeutic effects using a medical interview questionnaire. RESULTS: The median age was 66 years and 890 (54.6%) patients were women. The prevalence of pruritus was 40.3% (658/1631), and it differed according to the underlying liver disease. The most frequent body location for pruritus was on the back (63.1%). Pruritus duration was more than 6 months in 252 (38.3%) patients. The severity of pruritus, assessed using a visual analog scale, was higher during the day than at night (median, 4 vs. 3, P < 0.001). Seasonal exacerbation was observed in 296 (45.0%) patients. Although 301 (45.7%) patients were treated with antipruritic agents, 57.8% (174/301) patients reported an insufficient effect. Active hepatitis B virus infection (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; P = 0.043), primary biliary cholangitis (OR, 3.69; P = 0.018), diabetes (OR, 1.57; P = 0.010), and aspartate aminotransferase ≥60 U/L (OR, 2.06; P = 0.011) were independent factors associated with pruritus. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of pruritus varies according to the chronic liver disease etiology. Underlying liver disease, aspartate aminotransferase ≥60 U/L, and comorbid diabetes are factors associated with pruritus in patients with chronic liver disease.

18.
World J Hepatol ; 9(25): 1064-1072, 2017 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28951778

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate daclatasvir (DCV) and asunaprevir (ASV) efficacy in hepatitis C (HCV) patients, with respect to resistance-associated substitutions (RASs). METHODS: A total of 392 HCV-infected patients from multiple centers were included in this study. We evaluated their clinical courses and sustained virologic responses (SVR) according to pretreatment factors (gender, age, history of interferon-based regimens, platelet counts, level of viremia, pretreatment NA5A:L31, and Y93 substitutions). We also analyzed the pretreatment and post-treatment major RASs of NS3:D168, NS5A:L31 and Y93 substitutions using a direct-sequencing method in 17 patients who were unable to achieve SVR at 12 wk after treatment completion (SVR12). RESULTS: The overall SVR12 rate was 88.3%. Thirty-one patients discontinued treatment before 24 wk because of adverse events, 23 of whom achieved SVR12. There were no significant differences in SVR12 rates with respect to gender, age, history of interferon-based regimens, and platelet counts. The SVR12 rate in patients with viral loads of ≥ 6.0 log IU/mL was significantly lower than those with viral loads of < 6.0 log IU/mL (P < 0.001). The SVR12 rate in patients with Y93 substitution-positive was significantly lower than those with Y93 substitution-negative (P < 0.001). The L31 substitution-positive group showed a lower SVR12 rate than the L31 substitution-negative group, but the difference was not statistically significant. Seventeen patients who did not achieve SVR12 and had available pretreatment and post-treatment sera had additional RASs in NS3:D168, NS5:L31, and Y93 substitution at treatment failure. CONCLUSION: Combination of DCV and ASV is associated with a high SVR rate. Baseline RASs should be thoroughly assessed to avoid additional RASs after treatment failure.

19.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 17(1): 96, 2017 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28789631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glutathione plays crucial roles in the detoxification and antioxidant systems of cells and has been used to treat acute poisoning and chronic liver diseases by intravenous injection. This is a first study examining the therapeutic effects of oral administration of glutathione in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: The study was an open label, single arm, multicenter, pilot trial. Thirty-four NAFLD patients diagnosed using ultrasonography were prospectively evaluated. All patients first underwent intervention to improve their lifestyle habits (diet and exercise) for 3 months, followed by treatment with glutathione (300 mg/day) for 4 months. We evaluated their clinical parameters before and after glutathione treatment. We also quantified liver fat and fibrosis using vibration-controlled transient elastography. The primary outcome of the study was the change in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients finished the protocol. ALT levels significantly decreased following treatment with glutathione for 4 months. In addition, triglycerides, non-esterified fatty acids, and ferritin levels also decreased with glutathione treatment. Following dichotomization of ALT responders based on a median 12.9% decrease from baseline, we found that ALT responders were younger in age and did not have severe diabetes compared with ALT non-responders. The controlled attenuation parameter also decreased in ALT responders. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study demonstrates the potential therapeutic effects of oral administration of glutathione in practical dose for patients with NAFLD. Large-scale clinical trials are needed to verify its efficacy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN000011118 (date of registration: July 4, 2013).


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Glutationa/administração & dosagem , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/sangue , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Triglicerídeos/sangue
20.
Hepatol Commun ; 1(8): 780-791, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29404494

RESUMO

In contrast to patients with viral hepatitis, patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can progress to hepatocellular carcinoma during the initial stages of liver fibrosis. Development and implementation of noninvasive methods for diagnosis and progression prediction are important for effective NAFLD surveillance. Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2bp) is a useful nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) diagnosis biomarker and a powerful prediction biomarker for NAFLD fibrosis stage. Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA)-positive Mac-2bp (WFA+-M2BP) is a novel serum fibrosis biomarker for chronic hepatitis C that has clinical validity. Mac-2bp and WFA+-M2BP are also clinical NAFLD biomarker candidates. We examined the efficacy of Mac-2bp and WFA+-M2BP for NAFLD assessment using patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (n = 510; NAFLD cohort) and subjects who received a health check-up (n = 2,122; check-up cohort). In the NAFLD cohort, we set the fibrosis predicting cutoff values as 1.80 (F1), 2.21 (F2), and 2.24 µg/mL (F3). In the subjects with fatty liver from the check-up cohort (n = 1,291), the serum Mac-2bp levels were >1.80 µg/mL in 38.6% of the subjects (n = 498), and >2.24 µg/mL in 24.6% of the subjects (n = 318). The NAFLD cohort results indicated that Mac-2bp and WFA+-M2BP were equally useful for NASH diagnosis. During the early stages of fibrosis (F1, F2), the increase in Mac-2bp was statistically significant but WFA+-M2BP did not increase. Logistic regression analysis revealed that Mac-2bp was an independent determinant for the prediction of advanced fibrosis stage (≥F2), even when adjusted for WFA+-M2BP. Immunohistochemical staining of Mac-2bp revealed that hepatocytes strongly expressed Mac-2bp in patients with NAFLD. Conclusion: Our results indicated that hepatocyte-derived Mac-2bp would be a useful single biomarker for NASH diagnosis and fibrosis stage prediction in patients with NAFLD. (Hepatology Communications 2017;1:780-791).

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