Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 203
Filtrar
1.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 12(11): e00424, 2021 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797780

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The genomic characterization of primary nonampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma indicates a genetic resemblance to gastric and colorectal cancers. However, a correlation between the clinical and molecular characteristics of these cancers has not been established. This study aimed to elucidate the clinicopathological features of sporadic nonampullary duodenal epithelial tumors, including their molecular characteristics and prognostic factors. METHODS: One hundred forty-eight patients with sporadic nonampullary duodenal epithelial tumors were examined in this study. Patient sex, age, TNM stage, tumor location, treatment methods, histology, KRAS mutation, BRAF mutation, Fusobacterium nucleatum, mucin phenotype, and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) status were evaluated. KRAS and BRAF mutations, Fusobacterium nucleatum, mucin phenotype, and PD-L1 status were analyzed by direct sequencing, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and immunochemical staining. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 119.4 months. There were no deaths from duodenal adenoma (the primary disease). Kaplan-Meier analysis for duodenal adenocarcinoma showed a significant effect of TNM stage (P < 0.01). In univariate analysis of primary deaths from duodenal adenocarcinoma, TNM stage II or higher, undifferentiated, KRAS mutations, gastric phenotype, intestinal phenotype, and PD-L1 status were significant factors. In multivariate analysis, TNM stage II or higher (hazard ratio: 1.63 × 1010, 95% confidence interval: 18.66-6.69 × 1036) and KRAS mutation (hazard ratio: 3.49, confidence interval: 1.52-7.91) were significant factors. DISCUSSION: Only KRAS mutation was a significant prognostic factor in primary sporadic nonampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma in cases in which TNM stage was considered.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(39): e27382, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596158

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Sporadic non-ampullary duodenal adenoma (SNADA) is a rare disease, and therefore, its clinical characteristics have not been comprehensively investigated. Furthermore, owing to the high complication rates and severity of endoscopic resection, treatment strategies vary among facilities. In the present study, we aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics and course of SNADA.We extracted clinical and histological records of SNADA cases diagnosed in 11 hospitals between September 1999 and August 2014. The patients were divided into "no-resection" and "resection" groups based on the initial treatment approach. We investigated the long-term outcome of the "no-resection" group and treatment results of the "resection" group, with particular interest in endoscopic resection.Overall, 299 patients were diagnosed with SNADA. The median age at diagnosis was 67 years (range, 31-88 years), with approximately twice as many men as women. The median tumor size was 8.0 mm (2-60 mm). In total, 161 patients were initially selected for no-resection and 138 underwent resection. Age >70 years and the presence of either severe illness or poor performance status were significantly related to opting for no-resection. In the no-resection group, 101 patients underwent endoscopic follow-up for at least 1 year. During the observational period (2.5 ±â€Š2.2 years), 27 lesions (27%) disappeared following cold forceps biopsy, and 13 lesions (14%) presented lateral growth. Four lesions (4%) changed to mucosal carcinoma, 3 were treated endoscopically, and 1 was surgically resected. Nineteen patients died; however, no one died of duodenal carcinoma. In the endoscopic resection group, en bloc resection was achieved in 78% of patients. However, the complication rate for perforation was 7%, and endoscopic submucosal dissection was associated with a 36% perforation rate.With the low incidence of cancer development and no disease specific death, the strategy of initially not performing resection could be considered especially for the older adults, poor-prognosis patients, or small lesions.


Assuntos
Pólipos Adenomatosos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(40): e27520, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622886

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There is no practical predictive model for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). To establish a practical predictive model for the diagnosis of subepithelial lesions in the stomach, we reviewed patients with GISTs (n = 89), schwannomas (n = 7), and leiomyomas (n = 28).The tumor was more frequently found along the gastric cardia in the leiomyoma group (57.1%) than in the GIST/schwannoma group (2.1%, P < .01). Contrast enhancement (57.3% vs 0%, P < .01) and intra-tumoral necrosis (34.4% vs 0.0%, P < .01) were more frequently observed in the GIST/schwannoma group than in the leiomyoma group. On endoscopic ultrasonography, 58.3% of GISTs/schwannomas showed uneven echogenicity, whereas the echogenicity was uneven in 21.4% of leiomyomas (P < .01). There were no differences between the tumor color and the presence or absence of ulcer formation, tumor bleeding, irregularity of the tumor margin, cystic spaces, and hyperechoic spots between the 2 groups. Based on these results, we developed a 2-step diagnostic algorithm for GISTs/schwannomas. The first step comprises 1 endoscopic feature: a cardiac or non-cardiac location. Tumors with a cardiac location were judged as leiomyomas and those with a non-cardiac location were judged as GISTs/schwannomas, with 96.9% sensitivity and 57.1% specificity for GIST/schwannoma diagnosis. The second step comprises a combination of endoscopic (non-cardiac location), radiologic (positive contrast enhancement and intra-tumoral necrosis), and endosonographic (uneven echogenicity) features for a total of 4 points. We assigned 1 point to each feature. Tumors with scores of 2 to 4 were judged as GISTs/schwannomas, with 81.3% sensitivity and 92.9% specificity for GIST/schwannoma diagnosis.Our predictive model will be a practical guide for the management of gastric subepithelial lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Leiomioma/patologia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Algoritmos , Cárdia/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Endossonografia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(5): 625-629, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703045

RESUMO

A 77-year-old Japanese woman who had been treated for follicular lymphoma for 8 years developed abdominal pain and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathies. Colonoscopy revealed an elevated lesion in the rectum, which presented as two humps with erosions. A diagnosis of histologic transformation of follicular lymphoma to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was made by endoscopic biopsy. This case underscores the importance of endoscopy examinations and biopsy of newly emerged gastrointestinal lesions for the prompt diagnosis of histologic transformation, since salvage chemotherapy must be initiated quickly in such cases.

6.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(4): 455-460, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511612

RESUMO

The intraoperative pathological diagnosis (IPD) plays an important role in determining the optimal surgical treatment for spinal cord tumors. The final pathological diagnosis (FPD) is sometimes different from the IPD. Here, we sought to identify the accuracy of the IPD of spinal cord tumors compared to the FPD. We retrospec-tively analyzed the cases of 108 patients with spinal cord tumors treated surgically in our institute; the IPD, FPD, mismatched cases, and concordance rate between the IPD and FPD were investigated. Five cases involved a mismatch between the IPD and FPD. The overall concordance rate was 95.4%, with 90.9% for extra-dural lesions, 98.5% for intradural extramedullary lesions, 84.2% for intramedullary lesions, and 100% for dumbbell-type tumors. The concordance rate of intramedullary lesions tended to be lower than that of other lesions (p = 0.096). A lower concordance rate was revealed for intramedullary lesions compared to the other lesions. Despite the IPD clearly remaining a valuable tool during operative procedures, surgeons should recog-nize the limitations of IPDs and make comprehensive decisions about surgical treatments.

7.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(4): 471-477, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511614

RESUMO

The characteristics of gastric polyps in patients with Peutz-Jeghers (PJ) syndrome (PJS) have not been fully investigated. The objective of this study was to reveal the endoscopic and pathologic findings of gastric polyps in patients with PJS. We reviewed 11 patients with PJS treated at 6 institutions, and summarized the endo-scopic and pathologic features of their gastric polyps. The polyps were mainly classified into 2 types: (i) soli-tary or sporadic polyps > 5 mm, reddish in color with a sessile or semi-pedunculated morphology (n = 9); and (ii) multiple sessile polyps ≤ 5 mm with the same color tone as the peripheral mucosa (n = 9). Patients who underwent endoscopic mucosal resection for polyps > 5 mm were diagnosed with PJ polyps (n = 2), whereas those who underwent biopsy were diagnosed with hyperplastic polyps. Polyps ≤ 5 mm were pathologically diagnosed as fundic gland polyps or hyperplastic polyps. This study revealed that patients with PJS present with 2 types of polyps in the stomach. Endoscopic mucosal resection of polyps > 5 mm seems necessary for the pathologic diagnosis of PJ polyps.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256797, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The rare incidence of submucosal invasive non-ampullary duodenal carcinoma has led to scant information in literature; therefore, we compared the clinicopathological features between submucosal invasive carcinoma (SM-Ca), mucosal carcinoma (M-Ca), and advanced carcinoma (Ad-Ca). MATERIALS: We retrospectively analyzed 165 patients with sporadic non-ampullary duodenal carcinomas (SNADCs) from four institutions between January 2003 and December 2018. The SNADCs were divided to three groups according to histological diagnosis: SM-Ca, M-Ca, and Ad-Ca. The clinicopathological characteristics and mucin phenotypes were compared between groups. RESULTS: Among the 165 SNADCs, 11 (7%) were classified as SM-Ca, 70 (42%) as M-Ca, and 84 (51%) as Ad-Ca. We found that all SM-Ca (P = 0.013) and most Ad-Ca (P = 0.020) lesions were located on the oral-Vater; however, an almost equal distribution of M-Ca lesions was found between the oral- and anal-Vater. No significant difference was observed between the tumor diameter of M-Ca and SM-Ca; however, 45% (5/11) of SM-Ca were ≤10 mm. A total of 73% (8/11) of SM-Ca were classified as gastric phenotype and no lesions were classified as intestinal phenotype; whereas most M-Ca were classified as intestinal phenotype (67%, 8/12). CONCLUSIONS: SM-Ca lesions were all located on the oral-Vater and were highly associated with the gastric mucin phenotype, which were different from the features of most M-Ca.

9.
Dig Endosc ; 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of the Franseen needle size in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) of solid pancreatic masses remain unclear. This study aimed to compare 25G and 22G Franseen needles in terms of adequate tissue acquisition from solid pancreatic masses. METHODS: In this single-center, crossover, randomized noninferiority trial, eligible patients underwent EUS-FNB with both 25G and 22G Franseen needles in a randomized order between November 2018 and August 2020. Tissue specimens from each pass were separately evaluated based on the cellularity scoring system. The primary outcome was the proportion of acquired specimens allowing adequate histological assessment (cellularity score ≥3). A -15% noninferiority margin was assumed. RESULTS: Data from 88 patients were analyzed, which showed malignant and benign lesions in 84 (95.5%) and four (4.5%) patients, respectively. Of the 88 specimens, 62 (70.5%) and 69 (78.4%) acquired using 25G and 22G needles, respectively, allowed adequate histological assessment. The adjusted proportion difference was -6.6% (95% confidence interval -8.8% to -4.5%), indicating noninferiority of the 25G Franseen needle (P < 0.001). The diagnostic accuracies of the 25G and 22G needles were 86.4% and 89.8%, respectively, with no significant difference (P = 0.180). Adverse events occurred in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: The 25G Franseen needle showed a noninferior adequate tissue acquisition and similar diagnostic performance compared to that of the 22G Franseen needle. However, a 15% noninferiority margin was high for clinical use; thus, further consideration is needed (Clinical Trial Registry no. UMIN000034596).

10.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e932241, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Juvenile polyposis syndrome is an uncommon, autosomal-dominant hereditary disease that is distinguished by multiple polyps in the stomach or intestinal tract. It is associated with a high risk of malignancy. Pathogenic variants in SMAD4 or BMPR1A account for 40% of all cases. CASE REPORT A 49-year-old woman underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy because of exacerbation of anemia. She had numerous erythematous polyps in most parts of her stomach. Based on biopsy findings, juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) was suspected morphologically, but there was no evidence of malignancy. Colonoscopy showed stemmed hyperplastic polyps and an adenoma; video capsule endoscopy revealed no lesions in the small intestine. After preoperative surveillance, laparoscopic total gastrectomy with D1 lymph node dissection was performed to prevent malignant transformation. The pathological diagnosis was juvenile polyp-like polyposis with adenocarcinoma. In addition, a germline pathogenic variant in the SMAD4 gene was detected with genetic testing. CONCLUSIONS JPS can be diagnosed with endoscopy and genetic testing. Further, appropriate surgical management may prevent cancer-related death in patients with this condition.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Laparoscopia , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Células Germinativas , Humanos , Polipose Intestinal/congênito , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Neoplásicas Hereditárias , Proteína Smad4/genética , Estômago
11.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 9: 23247096211026471, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159819

RESUMO

Metastatic choroidal tumors derived from prostate cancer are rare. In this study, we report a patient who manifested a choroidal tumor as the initial presenting sign of prostate cancer and review 23 patients with choroidal metastasis of prostate cancer in the literature to answer a clinical question how the choroidal metastases would respond to hormonal therapy. A 73-year-old man presented with a choroidal tumor in the right eye. He was in good health and had no previous history except for current hemodialysis in 3 years due to chronic renal failure as a sequel to glomerulonephritis. With the diagnosis of a probable metastatic tumor, positron emission tomography was performed to disclose high-uptake sites in multiple bones, lymph nodes, and the prostate, together with multiple nodular lesions in bilateral lungs on computed tomography (CT) scan. Serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was elevated to 541 ng/mL, which supported prostate cancer as the primary site. He had degarelix injection, and the choroidal tumor resolved rapidly and became flat degeneration in a month. Prostate biopsy showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, and he underwent surgical castration. He had no medication until 3 years later when he showed gradual increase of serum PSA up to 6.05 ng/mL and multiple bony metastases on CT scan. Bicalutamide, switched to enzalutamide and then to abiraterone, led to the undetectable level of serum PSA until the last visit with no relapse of the choroidal metastasis, 6.8 years after the initial visit. In the literature review of 24 patients with choroidal metastasis of prostate cancer, including this patient, 8 patients presented a choroidal tumor as the initial sign and the choroidal lesions mostly showed complete response to hormonal therapy. Among 13 patients who were frequently in the course of hormonal therapy, choroidal metastases showed complete or partial response to external beam radiation to the eye in 11 patients and episcleral plaque radiotherapy in 2 patients. In conclusion, metastatic choroidal tumors of prostate cancer would show good response to hormonal therapy when the therapy has not been initiated. Hormone-resistant choroidal metastases in the therapeutic course of prostate cancer could be managed successfully by external beam radiation to the eye.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias da Coroide , Neoplasias da Próstata , Idoso , Neoplasias da Coroide/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 117, 2021 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the POLE gene result in an ultra-hypermutated phenotype in colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the molecular characterisation of epigenetic alterations remains unclear. We examined the genetic and epigenetic profiles of POLE-mutant CRC to elucidate the clinicopathological features of the associated genetic and epigenetic alterations. RESULTS: Tumour tissues (1,013) obtained from a cohort of patients with CRC were analysed to determine associations between the proofreading domain mutations of POLE with various clinicopathological variables, microsatellite instability (MSI) status, BRAF and KRAS mutations, and the methylation status of key regions of MLH1, MGMT, and SFRP2 promoters by calculating the methylation scores (range 0-6). Only four cases (0.4%) exhibited pathogenic POLE hotspot mutations (two p.P286R [c.857C > G], one p.V411L [c.1231G > C], and p.S459F [c.1376C > T] each), which were mutually exclusive to BRAF and KRAS mutations and MSI. CRC patients were divided into four subgroups: patients with POLE mutations (POLE, 0.4%, n = 4), patients with both MSI and extensive methylation in MLH1 (MSI-M, 2.9%, n = 29), patients with MSI but no extensive methylation in MLH1 (MSI-U, 3.6%, n = 36), and patients without MSI (non-MSI, 93.2%, n = 944). The POLE group was younger at diagnosis (median 52 years, P < 0.0001), with frequent right-sided tumour localisation (frequency of tumours located in the right colon was 100%, 93.1%, 36.1%, and 29.9% in POLE, MSI-M, MSI-U, and non-MSI, respectively; P < 0.0001), and was diagnosed at an earlier stage (frequency of stages I-II was 100%, 72.4%, 77.8%, and 46.6% in POLE, MSI-M, MSI-U, and non-MSI, respectively, P < 0.0001). The mean methylation score in POLE was not different from that in MSI-U and non-MSI, but the methylation signature was distinct from that of the other subgroups. Additionally, although the examined number of POLE-mutant tumours was small, the number of CD8-positive cells increased in tumours with partial methylation in the MLH1 gene. CONCLUSIONS: CRC patients with POLE proofreading mutations are rare. Such mutations are observed in younger individuals, and tumours are primarily located in the right colon. Diagnosis occurs at an earlier stage, and distinct epigenetic alterations may be associated with CD8 cell infiltration.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11086, 2021 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34045529

RESUMO

Leucine-rich alpha-2 glycoprotein (LRG) may be a novel serum biomarker for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The association of LRG with the endoscopic activity and predictability of mucosal healing (MH) was determined and compared with those of C-reactive protein (CRP) and fecal markers (fecal immunochemical test [FIT] and fecal calprotectin [Fcal]) in 166 ulcerative colitis (UC) and 56 Crohn's disease (CD) patients. In UC, LRG was correlated with the endoscopic activity and could predict MH, but the performance was not superior to that of fecal markers (areas under the curve [AUCs] for predicting MH: LRG: 0.61, CRP: 0.59, FIT: 0.75, and Fcal: 0.72). In CD, the performance of LRG was equivalent to that of CRP and Fcal (AUCs for predicting MH: LRG: 0.82, CRP: 0.82, FIT: 0.70, and Fcal: 0.88). LRG was able to discriminate patients with MH from those with endoscopic activity among UC and CD patients with normal CRP levels. LRG was associated with endoscopic activity and could predict MH in both UC and CD patients. It may be particularly useful in CD.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/sangue , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Colonoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Masculino , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(2): 231-238, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953431

RESUMO

Targeted therapies for malignant melanoma have improved patients' prognoses. A primary gastrointestinal malignant melanoma is very rare, with no standard treatment strategy. We treated a 78-year-old Japanese female with advanced primary gastrointestinal melanoma of the descending colon and gallbladder. We administered a multidisciplinary treatment: surgical resection of the descending colon and gallbladder tumors, resection of the metastatic lymph nodes behind the pancreas head, and immune checkpoint antibody-blockade therapy (nivolumab) for ~4 years. PET/CT demonstrated no recurrent lesion for > 3 years. Multidisciplinary therapies (e.g., surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, target therapy, and immune checkpoint antibody-blockade therapy) can successfully treat primary gastrointestinal malignant melanoma.

15.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diffuse redness is a characteristic endoscopic finding that indicates current infection of Helicobacter pylori, which is reduced after successful eradication. Linked color imaging (LCI) has been reported to improve the visibility of diffuse redness compared to white light imaging (WLI); however, quantitative evaluation has not been reported. AIMS: This study aimed to objectively evaluate the color change of the gastric mucosa after H. pylori eradication. METHODS: Images of the greater curvature of the antrum and corpus were captured, and the sites were biopsied during esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) before and 1 year after eradication. The region of interest (ROI) was set around the biopsied area on the images. The color difference (ΔE) before and after eradication was calculated using the CIE L*a*b* color space. The association between the histological evaluation and the color value of the corresponding ROI was determined. RESULTS: At the antrum, there was no significant color change with either mode. At the corpus, the a* value, which reflected redness, decreased significantly after eradication with both modes (WLI: 41.2 to 36.0, LCI: 37.5 to 25.5); the b* value, reflecting yellowish, decreased with WLI, but increased significantly with LCI (WLI: 44.6 to 41.6, LCI: 23.9 to 29.2). The ΔE was significantly larger with LCI than with WLI (16.5 vs. 8.6). The a* values at the corpus were generally associated with histological neutrophil infiltration. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative evaluation revealed that LCI emphasizes the change in color of the gastric mucosa due to the reduction in diffuse redness.

16.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 111, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric yolk sac tumor (YST)-like carcinoma is extremely rare, and its prognosis is poor, because most patients have widespread metastases at the time of diagnosis. We report a case of gastric YST-like carcinoma with an adenocarcinoma component without metastases in which curative resection was performed. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old man complaining of melena and dizziness due to anemia was diagnosed with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in the gastric cardia, with a benign ulcer in the gastric body. He underwent total gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection for the tumor. Histological examination of the resected specimens revealed a mixture of reticular and glandular neoplastic components morphologically. In the reticular area, an endodermal sinus pattern and some Schiller-Duval bodies were confirmed. Gastric YST-like carcinoma with adenocarcinoma components, T2N0M0 Stage IB, was diagnosed. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the YST was positive for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and p53. In contrast, the adenocarcinoma was positive for p53 and negative for CEA and AFP. The patient remained healthy as of 7 years postoperatively, with no recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Routine medical examinations or endoscopic examinations for accidental symptom may be helpful for early diagnosis and good prognosis for gastric YST-like carcinoma, although the prognosis is generally poor.

18.
Digestion ; 102(6): 878-886, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839721

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gastric adenomas are histologically defined as benign epithelial tumors. While some of them remain adenomas for a long time, others progress to carcinomas. However, long-term outcomes of such cases are not entirely clear. Here, we explored the risk factors and incidence of developing carcinoma from gastric adenoma as well as metachronous gastric cancer. METHODS: This study was conducted at a facility that adopted a follow-up strategy for gastric adenoma. Lesions histologically diagnosed as gastric intestinal-type adenomas between January 2004 and December 2016 were analyzed. Clinicopathological data were collected from patients' medical records, and histological changes from adenoma to carcinoma during endoscopic follow-up and risk factors of cancer development were evaluated. RESULTS: This study involved 409 lesions from 376 patients. The analysis of the development of gastric cancer from adenoma and metachronous gastric cancer was ultimately performed for 282 lesions from 258 patients and 269 lesions from 246 patients, respectively, due to different follow-up periods. The 5-year rate of carcinoma development was 34.0%. Risk factors for carcinoma development upon multivariate analysis were lesion size ≥15 mm and morphological depression. All cases with both factors developed gastric carcinoma, and 50.5% of those with either factor developed carcinoma within 5 years. Gastric adenoma was accompanied by metachronous gastric cancer in 1.5% of the patients annually. The only risk factor for metachronous gastric carcinoma was primary adenoma progressing to carcinoma during the follow-up period. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: Given the high rate of carcinoma development in patients with risk factors, resection of gastric adenoma should be considered during the initial examination. Careful observation and follow-up should also be conducted to detect not only changes in the primary adenoma but also the occurrence of metachronous carcinoma, especially in cases of adenoma progressing to carcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Carcinoma , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia
19.
J Cardiol ; 78(2): 157-165, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous basic studies have shown a relationship between interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the development or severity of myocarditis. However, there has been no study in which the effect of IL-6 levels in patients with myocarditis was evaluated. METHODS: We enrolled control patients (n = 12) and consecutive patients with acute myocarditis (n = 13), including lymphocytic, eosinophilic, and giant cell myocarditis, and investigated the pathological and clinical effects of IL-6 on human myocarditis. RESULTS: The serum IL-6 level in patients with myocarditis (16.7 [9.9, 103.8] pg/mL) was significantly higher than that in the control patients (1.4 [1.0, 1.9] pg/mL) (P<0.001). Immunohistochemical analysis showed that IL-6 was expressed in infiltrating inflammatory cells of endomyocardial biopsy samples from all patients with myocarditis. Moreover, the log-transformed value of serum IL-6 level showed significant positive correlations with serum creatine kinase (CK) level, CK-MB level, peak CK level, peak CK-MB level and C-reactive protein level (all P ≤ 0.005) and a negative correlation with the left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (p = 0.014). We divided the patients with myocarditis into a low IL-6 group (9.9 [4.5, 14.2] pg/dL, n = 7) and a high IL-6 group (108.9 [51.1, 130.9] pg/dL, n = 6). The degree of infiltration of IL-6-expressing inflammatory cells in myocardial samples obtained from patients in the high IL-6 group was significantly more severe than that in samples obtained from patients in the low IL-6 group. Furthermore, patients in the high IL-6 group significantly more frequently received catecholamine therapy (P = 0.005), venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (P = 0.029), and artificial respirator support (P = 0.021) in the acute phase of myocarditis. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that there is a strong impact of IL-6 on cardiac injury and dysfunction in patients with myocarditis.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Miocardite , Creatina Quinase Forma MB , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Miocardite/etiologia , Volume Sistólico
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7375, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795810

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to reveal the histological features of oxyntic gland adenomas and gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic-gland type (GA-FG). We retrospectively examined the histological features of 126 lesions of oxyntic gland adenoma and/or GA-FG in 116 patients. The prevalence of oxyntic gland adenomas and GA-FG was approximately equal. The majority of the lesions were resected by endoscopic mucosal resection using a diathermic snare (EMR, n = 42) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD, n = 72). Histologically, there were no lesions with invasion at the level of the muscularis propria or deeper, and lymphovascular invasion was present in 1.6%. Of the ESD and EMR specimens, there were no lesions that were positive for vertical margins. Among the eight GA-FG patients with deep (≥ 500 µm) submucosal invasion, six were treated with endoscopic resection alone, and no recurrence was documented. No patients died of the disease during the median follow-up period of 14.5 months. In conclusion, all lesions were confined to the mucosa or submucosa and were negative for vertical margins. Lymphovascular invasion was present in only 1.6% of the patients. Thus, we believe that endoscopic resection is a suitable initial treatment method for oxyntic gland adenoma and GA-FG.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Fundo Gástrico/cirurgia , Células Parietais Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenoma/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fundo Gástrico/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...