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1.
J Card Surg ; 35(2): 328-334, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782834

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with worse outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Little is known about this association in the pediatric population who require surgery for congenital heart defects, especially in patients with a single ventricle (SV). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of the preoperative NLR with outcomes in patients undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure. METHODS: This study involved a retrospective cohort analysis of 141 consecutive patients with SV undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure between January 2011 and December 2017 in two centers. The preoperative NLR was included in the last hemogram test before surgery. According to the NLR level, the patients were divided into group I (NLR < 1), group II (NLR between 1 and 2), and group III (NLR > 2). The primary endpoint was total hospital length of stay (LOS), and secondary endpoints were mechanical ventilation (MV) time, intensive care unit (ICU) LOS, ventricular dysfunction, complications, and middle-term mortality. RESULTS: The average follow-up duration was 48 months. There were 61, 47, and 33 patients in groups I, II, and III, respectively. Patients in group III exhibited an increased risk of prolonged total hospital LOS (P = .00). An increase in MV time (P = .03) and ICU LOS (P = .02) was also observed in this group, and these patients experienced greater mortality in 24 months following the surgery (P = .03). There was no association between the NLR and ventricular dysfunction (P = .26) and complications (P = .46). CONCLUSION: A high preoperative NLR was associated with worse outcomes in patients with SV physiology undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure.

2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 511-516, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042045

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. Results: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. Conclusion: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.

3.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(5): 511-516, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. RESULTS: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.


Assuntos
Anomalia de Ebstein/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anomalia de Ebstein/complicações , Anomalia de Ebstein/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(2): 130-135, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Fontan-Kreutzer procedure (FK) was widely performed in the past, but in the long-term generated many complications resulting in univentricular circulation failure. The conversion to total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is one of the options for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of conversion from FK to TCPC. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records for patients who underwent the conversion of FK to TCPC in the period of 1985 to 2016. Significance p < 0,05. RESULTS: Fontan-type operations were performed in 420 patients during this period: TCPC was performed in 320, lateral tunnel technique in 82, and FK in 18. Ten cases from the FK group were elected to conversion to TCPC. All patients submitted to Fontan Conversion were included in this study. In nine patients the indication was due to uncontrolled arrhythmia and in one, due to protein-losing enteropathy. Death was observed in the first two cases. The average intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) was 13 days, and the average hospital LOS was 37 days. A functional class by New York Heart Association (NYHA) improvement was observed in 80% of the patients in NYHA I or II. Fifty-seven percent of conversions due to arrhythmias had improvement of arrhythmias; four cases are cured. CONCLUSIONS: The conversion is a complex procedure and requires an experienced tertiary hospital to be performed. The conversion has improved the NYHA functional class despite an unsatisfactory resolution of the arrhythmia.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Derivação Cardíaca Direita/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , /cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Criança , Circulação Coronária , Feminino , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Técnica de Fontan/mortalidade , Derivação Cardíaca Direita/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(2): 130-135, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-983830

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The Fontan-Kreutzer procedure (FK) was widely performed in the past, but in the long-term generated many complications resulting in univentricular circulation failure. The conversion to total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is one of the options for treatment. Objective: To evaluate the results of conversion from FK to TCPC. Methods: A retrospective review of medical records for patients who underwent the conversion of FK to TCPC in the period of 1985 to 2016. Significance p < 0,05. Results: Fontan-type operations were performed in 420 patients during this period: TCPC was performed in 320, lateral tunnel technique in 82, and FK in 18. Ten cases from the FK group were elected to conversion to TCPC. All patients submitted to Fontan Conversion were included in this study. In nine patients the indication was due to uncontrolled arrhythmia and in one, due to protein-losing enteropathy. Death was observed in the first two cases. The average intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) was 13 days, and the average hospital LOS was 37 days. A functional class by New York Heart Association (NYHA) improvement was observed in 80% of the patients in NYHA I or II. Fifty-seven percent of conversions due to arrhythmias had improvement of arrhythmias; four cases are cured. Conclusions: The conversion is a complex procedure and requires an experienced tertiary hospital to be performed. The conversion has improved the NYHA functional class despite an unsatisfactory resolution of the arrhythmia.


Resumo Fundamento: O procedimento de Fontan-Kreutzer (FK) foi amplamente realizado no passado, mas a longo prazo gerou muitas complicações, resultando em falha na circulação univentricular. A conversão para conexão cavopulmonar total (CCPT) é uma das opções de tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados da conversão de FK para CCPT. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de pacientes submetidos à conversão de FK para CCPT no período de 1985 a 2016. Significância p < 0,05. Resultados: Operações do tipo Fontan foram realizadas em 420 pacientes durante este período: CCPT foi realizada em 320, técnica de túnel lateral em 82 e FK em 18. Dez casos do grupo FK foram eleitos para conversão em CCPT. Todos os pacientes submetidos à conversão de Fontan foram incluídos neste estudo. Em nove pacientes, a indicação deveu-se a arritmia não controlada e em um devido à enteropatia perdedora de proteínas. A morte foi observada nos dois primeiros casos. O tempo médio de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) foi de 13 dias e o tempo médio de internação hospitalar foi de 37 dias. Uma classe funcional pela melhora da New York Heart Association (NYHA) foi observada em 80% dos pacientes em NYHA I ou II. Cinquenta e sete por cento das conversões devido a arritmias tiveram melhora das arritmias; quatro casos foram curados. Conclusões: A conversão é um procedimento complexo e requer que um hospital terciário experiente seja realizado. A conversão melhorou a classe funcional da NYHA, apesar de uma resolução insatisfatória da arritmia.

6.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(3): 242-249, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Donor shortage and organ allocation is the main problem in pediatric heart transplant. Mechanical circulatory support is known to increase waiting list survival, but it is not routinely used in pediatric programs in Latin America. METHODS: All patients listed for heart transplant and supported by a mechanical circulatory support between January 2012 and March 2016 were included in this retrospective single-center study. The endpoints were mechanical circulatory support time, complications, heart transplant survival and discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients from our waiting list were assessed. Twelve (45%) patients were initially supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and a centrifugal pump was implanted in 17 (55%) patients. Five patients initially supported by ECMO were bridged to another device. One was bridged to a centrifugal pump and four were bridged to Berlin Heart Excor®. Among the 29 supported patients, 18 (62%) managed to have a heart transplant. Thirty-day survival period after heart transplant was 56% (10 patients). Median support duration was 12 days (interquartile range [IQR] 4 - 26 days) per run and the waiting time for heart transplant was 9.5 days (IQR 2.5-25 days). Acute kidney injury was identified as a mortality predictor (OR=22.6 [CI=1.04-494.6]; P=0.04). CONCLUSION: Mechanical circulatory support was able to bridge most INTERMACS 1 and 2 pediatric patients to transplant with an acceptable complication rate. Acute renal failure increased mortality after mechanical circulatory support in our experience.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Coração Auxiliar , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Listas de Espera , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(3): 242-249, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-958407

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Donor shortage and organ allocation is the main problem in pediatric heart transplant. Mechanical circulatory support is known to increase waiting list survival, but it is not routinely used in pediatric programs in Latin America. Methods: All patients listed for heart transplant and supported by a mechanical circulatory support between January 2012 and March 2016 were included in this retrospective single-center study. The endpoints were mechanical circulatory support time, complications, heart transplant survival and discharge from the hospital. Results: Twenty-nine patients from our waiting list were assessed. Twelve (45%) patients were initially supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and a centrifugal pump was implanted in 17 (55%) patients. Five patients initially supported by ECMO were bridged to another device. One was bridged to a centrifugal pump and four were bridged to Berlin Heart Excor®. Among the 29 supported patients, 18 (62%) managed to have a heart transplant. Thirty-day survival period after heart transplant was 56% (10 patients). Median support duration was 12 days (interquartile range [IQR] 4 - 26 days) per run and the waiting time for heart transplant was 9.5 days (IQR 2.5-25 days). Acute kidney injury was identified as a mortality predictor (OR=22.6 [CI=1.04-494.6]; P=0.04). Conclusion: Mechanical circulatory support was able to bridge most INTERMACS 1 and 2 pediatric patients to transplant with an acceptable complication rate. Acute renal failure increased mortality after mechanical circulatory support in our experience.

8.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 8(3): 376-384, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29318931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Fontan operation (FO) has evolved and many centers have demonstrated improved results relative to those from earlier eras. We report a single-institution experience over three decades, describing the outcomes and evaluating risk factors. METHODS: Successive patients undergoing primary FO were divided into era I (1984-1994), era II (1995-2004), and era III (2005-2014). Clinical and operative notes were reviewed for demographic, anatomic, and procedure details. End points included early and late mortality and a composite of death, heart transplantation (HTX), or Fontan takedown. RESULTS: A total of 420 patients underwent 18 atriopulmonary connections, 82 lateral tunnels (LT), and 320 extracardiac conduit (EC) Fontan procedures. Forty-six (11%) patients died; early and late mortality were 7.9% and 3.1%, respectively. Eight (1.9%) patients underwent HTX, 11 (2.6%) underwent Fontan conversion to EC, and 1 (0.2%) takedown of EC to bidirectional Glenn shunt. Prevalence of concomitant valve surgery ( P < .001) and pulmonary artery reconstruction ( P < .001) differed over the eras. Preoperative valve regurgitation was associated with likelihood of early mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 3.5, P = .002). Embolic events (OR = 1.9, P = .047), preoperative valve regurgitation (OR = 2.3, P = .029), diagnosis of unbalanced atrioventricular canal defect (OR = 1.14, P = .03), and concomitant valve replacement (OR = 6.9, P = .001) during the FO were associated with increased risk of the composite end point (death, HTX, or takedown). CONCLUSION: Technical modifications did not result in improved results across eras, due in part to more liberal indications for surgery in the recent years. Valve regurgitation, unbalanced atrioventricular canal, embolic events, or concomitant valve replacement were associated with FO failure.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(4): 353-61, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26559982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is the most common cyanotic cardiopathy, with an incidence ranging between 0.2 and 0.4 per 1000 live births. Many patients not treated in the first few months of life may progress with severe pulmonary vascular disease. Treatment of these patients may include palliative surgery to redirect the flow at the atrial level. OBJECTIVE: Report our institutional experience with the palliative Senning procedure in children diagnosed with TGA and double outlet right ventricle with severe pulmonary vascular disease, and to evaluate the early and late clinical progression of the palliative Senning procedure. METHODS: Retrospective study based on the evaluation of medical records in the period of 1991 to 2014. Only patients without an indication for definitive surgical treatment of the cardiopathy due to elevated pulmonary pressure were included. RESULTS: After one year of follow-up there was a mean increase in arterial oxygen saturation from 62.1% to 92.5% and a mean decrease in hematocrit from 49.4% to 36.3%. Lung histological analysis was feasible in 16 patients. In 8 patients, pulmonary biopsy grades 3 and 4 were evidenced. CONCLUSION: The palliative Senning procedure improved arterial oxygen saturation, reduced polycythemia, and provided a better quality of life for patients with TGA with ventricular septal defect, severe pulmonary hypertension, and poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Transposição das Grandes Artérias/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(4): 353-361, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-764473

RESUMO

Background:Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is the most common cyanotic cardiopathy, with an incidence ranging between 0.2 and 0.4 per 1000 live births. Many patients not treated in the first few months of life may progress with severe pulmonary vascular disease. Treatment of these patients may include palliative surgery to redirect the flow at the atrial level.Objective:Report our institutional experience with the palliative Senning procedure in children diagnosed with TGA and double outlet right ventricle with severe pulmonary vascular disease, and to evaluate the early and late clinical progression of the palliative Senning procedure.Methods:Retrospective study based on the evaluation of medical records in the period of 1991 to 2014. Only patients without an indication for definitive surgical treatment of the cardiopathy due to elevated pulmonary pressure were included.Results:After one year of follow-up there was a mean increase in arterial oxygen saturation from 62.1% to 92.5% and a mean decrease in hematocrit from 49.4% to 36.3%. Lung histological analysis was feasible in 16 patients. In 8 patients, pulmonary biopsy grades 3 and 4 were evidenced.Conclusion:The palliative Senning procedure improved arterial oxygen saturation, reduced polycythemia, and provided a better quality of life for patients with TGA with ventricular septal defect, severe pulmonary hypertension, and poor prognosis.


Fundamento:A transposição das grandes artérias (TGA) é a cardiopatia cianogênica mais comum, com incidência variando de 0,2 a 0,4 por 1000 nascidos vivos. Muitos dos pacientes não tratados nos primeiros meses de vida podem evoluir com doença vascular pulmonar grave, e um método terapêutico para o tratamento desses pacientes pode ser realizado por meio de uma cirurgia paliativa para redirecionamento do fluxo em nível atrial.Objetivo:Relatar a experiência institucional com a cirurgia de Senning paliativo em crianças com diagnóstico de TGA e dupla via de saída do ventrículo direito com doença vascular pulmonar severa. Avaliar, também, a evolução clínica precoce e tardia da operação de Senning paliativo.Métodos:Estudo retrospectivo, baseado na avaliação de prontuários no período de 1991 a 2014. Somente pacientes sem indicação para o tratamento cirúrgico definitivo da cardiopatia em razão de elevadas pressões pulmonares.Resultados:Evidenciou-se após um ano de evolução um aumento médio da saturação arterial de oxigênio de 62,1% para 92,5% e uma redução média do hematócrito de 49,4% para 36,3%. A análise da histologia pulmonar foi possível em 16 pacientes. Em oito pacientes foi evidenciada lesão pulmonar grau 3 e 4.Conclusão:A cirurgia de Senning paliativo melhorou a saturação de oxigênio arterial, reduziu a policitemia e proporcionou uma melhora da qualidade de vida em pacientes com TGA com comunicação interventricular, os quais possuíam hipertensão pulmonar severa com prognóstico fechado.


Assuntos
Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Transposição das Grandes Artérias/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Biópsia , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Ilustração Médica , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/patologia
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(4): 409-416, July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-763159

RESUMO

AbstractIntroduction:Post-cardiotomy myocardial dysfunction requiring mechanical circulatory support occurs in about 0.5% of cases. In our environment, the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been increasing in recent years.Objective:To evaluate the impact of investment in professional training and improvement of equipment in the rate of weaning from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and survival.Methods:A retrospective study. Fifty-six pediatric and/or congenital heart patients underwent post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at our institution between November 1999 and July 2014. We divided this period into two phases: phase I, 36 cases (before the structuring of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program) and phase II, 20 cases (after the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program implementation) with investment in training and equipment). Were considered as primary outcomes: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation weaning and survival to hospital discharge. The results in both phases were compared using Chi-square test. To identify the impact of the different variables we used binary logistic regression analysis.Results:Groups were comparable. In phase I, 9 patients (25%) were weaned from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, but only 2 (5.5%) were discharged. In phase II, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used in 20 patients, weaning was possible in 17 (85%), with 9 (45%) hospital discharges (P<0.01). When the impact of several variables on discharge and weaning of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was analyzed, we observe that phase II was an independent predictor of better results (P<0.001) and need for left cavities drainage was associated with worse survival (P=0.045).Conclusion:The investment in professional training and improvement of equipment significantly increased extracorporeal membrane oxygenation results.


ResumoIntrodução:Falência ventricular pós-cardiotomia necessitando de suporte circulatório mecânico ocorre em cerca de 0,5% dos casos. Em nosso meio, o uso de ECMO tem aumentado nos últimos anos.Objetivo:Avaliar o impacto do investimento na formação profissional e melhoria dos equipamentos na taxa de desmame de ECMO e na sobrevida.Métodos:Estudo retrospectivo. Cinquenta e seis pacientes cardíacos pediátricos e/ou portadores de cardiopatias congênitas foram submetidos ao implante de ECMO pós-cardiotomia em nossa instituição entre novembro de 1999 e julho de 2014. Nós dividimos este período em duas fases: fase I, 36 casos (antes da estruturação do programa de ECMO) e fase II, 20 casos (após a instalação do programa ECMO com investimento em formação e equipamento). Foram considerados como desfechos primários: o desmame de ECMO e sobrevida até a alta hospitalar. Os resultados em ambas as fases foram comparados pelo teste Chi-quadrado. Para identificar o impacto das diferentes variáveis, ​ foi usada análise de regressão logística binária.Resultados:Na fase I, 9 pacientes (25%) foram desmamados da ECMO, mas apenas 2 (5,5%) tiveram alta. Na fase II, ECMO foi usado em 20 pacientes, o desmame foi possível em 17 deles (85%), com 9 (45%) altas hospitalares. Quando analisamos o impacto das diversas variáveis ​​sobre a sobrevida e desmame de ECMO, observa-se que a fase II foi um preditor independente de melhores resultados (P<0,001) e a necessidade de drenagem das cavidades esquerdas foi associada com pior sobrevida (P=0,045).Conclusão:O investimento na formação profissional e aperfeiçoamento de equipamentos melhorou significativamente os resultados de ECMO em nossa instituição.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Educação Continuada/estatística & dados numéricos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/educação , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/instrumentação , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Alta do Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(1): 78-84, 01/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-741129

RESUMO

Background: Heart transplantation is considered the gold standard therapy for the advanced heart failure, but donor shortage, especially in pediatric patients, is the main limitation for this procedure, so most sick patients die while waiting for the procedure. Objective: To evaluate the use of short-term circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in end-stage cardiomyopathy. Methods: Retrospective clinical study. Between January 2011 and December 2013, 40 patients with cardiomyopathy were admitted in our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, with a mean age of 4.5 years. Twenty patients evolved during hospitalization with clinical deterioration and were classified as Intermacs 1 and 2. One patient died within 24 hours and 19 could be stabilized and were listed. They were divided into 2 groups: A, clinical support alone and B, implantation of short-term circulatory support as bridge to transplantation additionally to clinical therapy. Results: We used short-term mechanical circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in 9. In group A (n=10), eight died waiting and 2 patients (20%) were transplanted, but none was discharged. In group B (n=9), 6 patients (66.7%) were transplanted and three were discharged.The mean support time was 21,8 days (6 to 984h). The mean transplant waiting list time was 33,8 days. Renal failure and sepsis were the main complication and causeof death in group A while neurologic complications were more prevalent en group B. Conclusion: Mechanical circulatory support increases survival on the pediatric heart transplantation waiting list in patients classified as Intermacs 1 and 2. .


Introdução: O transplante cardíaco é o tratamento de escolha na insuficiência cardíaca terminal, porém a escassez de doadores limita o seu emprego, especialmente na população pediátrica. O implante de dispositivos de assistência circulatória mecânica (ACM) pode aumentar o tempo de espera e contribuir na redução da mortalidade. Objetivo: Estudar a evolução dos pacientes pediátricos com diagnóstico de miocardiopatia, com indicação de transplante e que evoluíram em Intermacs1 ou 2, comparando a utilização ou não de algum tipo de ACM de curta duração. Método: No período de janeiro de 2011 a dezembro de 2013, 40 pacientes com idade média de 4,5 anos foram admitidos com diagnóstico de miocardiopatia dilatada. Desses pacientes, 20 evoluíram em Intermacs 1 ou 2. Um faleceu em menos de 24 horas e 19 foram listados para transplante. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: A, pacientes manejados clinicamente em espera para o transplante; B, pacientes que utilizaram algum tipo de ACM de curta duração durante o tempo de espera em lista. Resultados: No grupo A (n=10), oito pacientes evoluíram para óbito aguardando o transplante e dois pacientes (20%) foram transplantados, sendo que nenhum recebeu alta hospitalar. No grupo B (n = 9), seis pacientes (66,7%; p = 0,04) foram transplantados e três receberam alta hospitalar (p = 0,049). As principais complicações foram insuficiência renal e sepse, no grupo A, e complicações neurológicas no grupo B. Conclusão: O emprego de ACM de curta duração aumentou a sobrevida dos pacientes priorizados e em fila de espera de transplante cardíaco pediátrico. .


Assuntos
Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Coração Auxiliar , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Hospitalização , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 30(4): 409-16, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27163414

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Post-cardiotomy myocardial dysfunction requiring mechanical circulatory support occurs in about 0.5% of cases. In our environment, the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been increasing in recent years. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of investment in professional training and improvement of equipment in the rate of weaning from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and survival. METHODS: A retrospective study. Fifty-six pediatric and/or congenital heart patients underwent post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at our institution between November 1999 and July 2014. We divided this period into two phases: phase I, 36 cases (before the structuring of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program) and phase II, 20 cases (after the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program implementation) with investment in training and equipment). Were considered as primary outcomes: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation weaning and survival to hospital discharge. The results in both phases were compared using Chi-square test. To identify the impact of the different variables we used binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Groups were comparable. In phase I, 9 patients (25%) were weaned from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, but only 2 (5.5%) were discharged. In phase II, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used in 20 patients, weaning was possible in 17 (85%), with 9 (45%) hospital discharges (P<0.01). When the impact of several variables on discharge and weaning of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was analyzed, we observe that phase II was an independent predictor of better results (P<0.001) and need for left cavities drainage was associated with worse survival (P=0.045). CONCLUSION: The investment in professional training and improvement of equipment significantly increased extracorporeal membrane oxygenation results.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada/estatística & dados numéricos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/educação , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/instrumentação , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 104(1): 78-84, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25372474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is considered the gold standard therapy for the advanced heart failure, but donor shortage, especially in pediatric patients, is the main limitation for this procedure, so most sick patients die while waiting for the procedure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of short-term circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in end-stage cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Retrospective clinical study. Between January 2011 and December 2013, 40 patients with cardiomyopathy were admitted in our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, with a mean age of 4.5 years. Twenty patients evolved during hospitalization with clinical deterioration and were classified as Intermacs 1 and 2. One patient died within 24 hours and 19 could be stabilized and were listed. They were divided into 2 groups: A, clinical support alone and B, implantation of short-term circulatory support as bridge to transplantation additionally to clinical therapy. RESULTS: We used short-term mechanical circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in 9. In group A (n=10), eight died waiting and 2 patients (20%) were transplanted, but none was discharged. In group B (n=9), 6 patients (66.7%) were transplanted and three were discharged.The mean support time was 21,8 days (6 to 984 h). The mean transplant waiting list time was 33,8 days. Renal failure and sepsis were the main complication and cause of death in group A while neurologic complications were more prevalent en group B. CONCLUSION: Mechanical circulatory support increases survival on the pediatric heart transplantation waiting list in patients classified as Intermacs 1 and 2.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Coração Auxiliar , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 29(3): 322-9, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25372904

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac transplantation remains the gold standard for end-stage cardiomyopathies and congenital heart defects in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report on 20 years of experience since the first case and evaluate our results. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the database and outpatient follow-up. Between October 1992 and April 2012, 109 patients underwent 114 transplants. 51.8% of them being female. The age of patients ranged from 12 days to 21 years with a mean of 8.8±5.7 years and a median of 5.2 years. The underlying diagnosis was dilated cardiomyopathy in 61.5%, congenital heart disease in 26.6% and restrictive cardiomyopathy in 11.9%. All patients above 17 years old had congenital heart disease. RESULTS: Survival rate at 30 days, 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 90.4%, 81.3%, 70.9%, 60.5%, 44.4% and 26.7%, respectively. Mean cold ischemic time was 187.9 minutes and it did not correlate with mortality (P>0.05). Infectious complications and rejection episodes were the most common complications (P<0.0001), occurring, respectively, in 66% and 57.4% of the survivors after 10 years. There was no incidence of graft vascular disease and lymphoproliferative disease at year one, but they affected, respectively, 7.4% and 11% of patients within 10 years. CONCLUSION: Twenty-year pediatric heart transplant results at our institution were quite satisfactory and complication rates were acceptable.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil , Causas de Morte , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(3): 322-329, Jul-Sep/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-727152

RESUMO

Introduction: Cardiac transplantation remains the gold standard for end-stage cardiomyopathies and congenital heart defects in pediatric patients. Objective: This study aims to report on 20 years of experience since the first case and evaluate our results. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the database and outpatient follow-up. Between October 1992 and April 2012, 109 patients underwent 114 transplants. 51.8% of them being female. The age of patients ranged from 12 days to 21 years with a mean of 8.8±5.7 years and a median of 5.2 years. The underlying diagnosis was dilated cardiomyopathy in 61.5%, congenital heart disease in 26.6% and restrictive cardiomyopathy in 11.9%. All patients above 17 years old had congenital heart disease. Results: Survival rate at 30 days, 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 90.4%, 81.3%, 70.9%, 60.5%, 44.4% and 26.7%, respectively. Mean cold ischemic time was 187.9 minutes and it did not correlate with mortality (P>0.05). Infectious complications and rejection episodes were the most common complications (P<0.0001), occurring, respectively, in 66% and 57.4% of the survivors after 10 years. There was no incidence of graft vascular disease and lymphoproliferative disease at year one, but they affected, respectively, 7.4% and 11% of patients within 10 years. Conclusion: Twenty-year pediatric heart transplant results at our institution were quite satisfactory and complication rates were acceptable. .


Introdução: O transplante cardíaco tem sido o tratamento de escolha para pacientes pediátricos portadores de miocardiopatias e portadores de cardiopatias congênitas em fase final da doença. Objetivo: Relatar a experiência de 20 anos do serviço e avaliar seus resultados. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo por meio de análise do banco de dados. Entre outubro de 1992 e abril de 2012, 109 pacientes foram submetidos a 114 transplantes. 51,8% eram do sexo feminino. A idade dos pacientes variou de 12 dias a 21 anos, com média de 8,8±5,7 anos e mediana de 5,2 anos. O diagnóstico de base dos pacientes foi de miocardiopatia dilatada em 61,5%, cardiopatias congênitas em 26,6% e miocardiopatia restritiva em 11,9%. Todos os pacientes entre 17 e 21 anos eram portadores de cardiopatias congênitas. Resultados: A sobrevida em 30 dias, 1, 5, 10, 15 e 20 anos foi de 90,4%, 81,3%, 70,9%, 60,5%, 44,4 e 26,7%, respectivamente. O tempo médio de isquemia do órgão transplantado foi de 187,9 minutos e não teve correlação com a mortalidade (P>0,05). Intercorrências infecciosas e rejeição foram as complicações mais incidentes (P<0,0001), atingindo 66 e 57,4% dos sobreviventes após 10 anos. A incidência de doença vascular do enxerto e doença linfoproliferativa foi zero no primeiro ano e atingiu, respectivamente, 7,4 e 11% dos pacientes em 10 anos. Conclusão: O Transplante Cardíaco neste grupo de pacientes pediátricos e portadores de cardiopatias congênitas pôde oferecer resultados satisfatórios, com uma taxa de complicações aceitável ao longo do seguimento. .


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil , Causas de Morte , Rejeição de Enxerto , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 100(2): 120-6, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23503820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The advancement of noninvasive imaging methods has resulted in the increase in diagnosis of heart neoplasms. However, the literature has few studies involving primary cardiac neoplasms in children. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively review cases of primary heart neoplasms in children, considering the initial clinical manifestations, diagnostic tests used, surgical indication, histopathological types and immediate postoperative course. METHODS: The retrospective study was based on the assessment of medical records from 1983 to 2011. Only cases that were referred for surgical treatment during that period were included. Age at admission, prenatal diagnosis, family history, initial symptoms and the results of performed tests were assessed. Moreover, the date and indication of the surgery, intraoperative findings, the result of the histopathological analysis, as well as the immediate postoperative complications were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients studied, the most frequent clinical manifestations were dyspnea and heart murmur (7 and 6 patients, respectively); the most often used adjunct diagnostic method was echocardiography (18 patients); cavitary obstruction or ventricular inflow or outflow tract obstruction was the main indication for surgery (12 cases); the most common histological profile was rhabdomyoma (7 patients) and most patients showed good clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, imaging diagnosis was basically attained through echocardiography, with good correlation with intraoperative findings. Histopathological findings were consistent with the literature, with rhabdomyoma being the most common neoplasm in children. The evolution after surgical treatment was favorable in most cases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Rabdomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rabdomioma/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(2): 120-126, fev. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-667952

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Avanço dos métodos não invasivos de imagem proporcionou o aumento no número de diagnóstico de tumores cardíacos. Apesar disso, a literatura apresenta poucos trabalhos envolvendo tumores cardíacos primários em crianças. OBJETIVO: Avaliar retrospectivamente casos de tumores cardíacos primários em crianças, considerando manifestações clínicas iniciais, exames utilizados para o diagnóstico, indicação cirúrgica, tipos histopatológicos encontrados e evolução pós-operatória imediata. MÉTODOS: O estudo foi retrospectivo, baseado na avaliação de prontuários no período de 1983 a 2011. Incluímos somente casos que foram orientados para tratamento cirúrgico no período. Avaliaram-se a idade na admissão, o diagnóstico pré-natal, a história familial, os sintomas iniciais e os resultados de exames realizados. Foram coletados, ainda, a data e indicação de cirurgia, os achados intraoperatórios, o resultado do exame histopatológico, assim como as complicações imediatas no pós-operatório. RESULTADOS: Dos 18 pacientes estudados, as manifestações clínicas mais encontradas foram dispneia e sopro cardíaco (7 e 6 pacientes, respectivamente); o método de complemento diagnóstico mais usado foi o ecocardiograma (18 pacientes); a obstrução cavitária ou do trato de entrada ou saída ventricular foi a principal indicação de cirurgia (12 casos); o perfil histológico mais encontrado foi rabdomioma (7 pacientes); a maioria dos pacientes apresentou boa evolução clínica. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo o diagnóstico por imagem foi basicamente ecocardiográfico, com boa correlação com os achados intraoperatórios. Os achados histopatológicos foram concordantes com a literatura, com o rabdomioma apresentando-se como o tumor mais comum em crianças. A evolução após tratamento cirúrgico mostrou-se favorável na maior parte dos casos.


BACKGROUND: The advancement of noninvasive imaging methods has resulted in the increase in diagnosis of heart neoplasms. However, the literature has few studies involving primary cardiac neoplasms in children. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively review cases of primary heart neoplasms in children, considering the initial clinical manifestations, diagnostic tests used, surgical indication, histopathological types and immediate postoperative course. METHODS: The retrospective study was based on the assessment of medical records from 1983 to 2011. Only cases that were referred for surgical treatment during that period were included. Age at admission, prenatal diagnosis, family history, initial symptoms and the results of performed tests were assessed. Moreover, the date and indication of the surgery, intraoperative findings, the result of the histopathological analysis, as well as the immediate postoperative complications were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients studied, the most frequent clinical manifestations were dyspnea and heart murmur (7 and 6 patients, respectively); the most often used adjunct diagnostic method was echocardiography (18 patients); cavitary obstruction or ventricular inflow or outflow tract obstruction was the main indication for surgery (12 cases); the most common histological profile was rhabdomyoma (7 patients) and most patients showed good clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, imaging diagnosis was basically attained through echocardiography, with good correlation with intraoperative findings. Histopathological findings were consistent with the literature, with rhabdomyoma being the most common neoplasm in children. The evolution after surgical treatment was favorable in most cases.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neoplasias Cardíacas , Rabdomioma , Ecocardiografia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rabdomioma/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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