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1.
Mov Disord ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia is a spectrum of involuntary dyskinetic disorders with high clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Mutations in proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 have been identified as the major pathogenic factor. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed 600 paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia patients nationwide who were identified by the China Paroxysmal Dyskinesia Collaborative Group to summarize the clinical phenotypes and genetic features of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia in China and to provide new thoughts on diagnosis and therapy. METHODS: The China Paroxysmal Dyskinesia Collaborative Group was composed of departments of neurology from 22 hospitals. Clinical manifestations and proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 screening results were recorded using unified paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia registration forms. Genotype-phenotype correlation analyses were conducted in patients with and without proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 mutations. High-knee exercises were applied in partial patients as a new diagnostic test to induce attacks. RESULTS: Kinesigenic triggers, male predilection, dystonic attacks, aura, complicated forms of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia, clustering in patients with family history, and dramatic responses to antiepileptic treatment were the prominent features in this multicenter study. Clinical analysis showed that proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 mutation carriers were prone to present at a younger age and have longer attack duration, bilateral limb involvement, choreic attacks, a complicated form of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia, family history, and more forms of dyskinesia. The new high-knee-exercise test efficiently induced attacks and could assist in diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: We propose recommendations regarding diagnostic criteria for paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia based on this large clinical study of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. The findings offered some new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia and might help in building standardized paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia clinical evaluations and therapies. © 2020 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 934, 2020 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071315

RESUMO

α-Synucleinopathies are characterized by autonomic dysfunction and motor impairments. In the pure autonomic failure (PAF), α-synuclein (α-Syn) pathology is confined within the autonomic nervous system with no motor features, but mouse models recapitulating PAF without motor dysfunction are lacking. Here, we show that in TgM83+/- mice, inoculation of α-Syn preformed fibrils (PFFs) into the stellate and celiac ganglia induces spreading of α-Syn pathology only through the autonomic pathway to both the central nervous system (CNS) and the autonomic innervation of peripheral organs bidirectionally. In parallel, the mice develop autonomic dysfunction, featured by orthostatic hypotension, constipation, hypohidrosis and hyposmia, without motor dysfunction. Thus, we have generated a mouse model of pure autonomic dysfunction caused by α-Syn pathology. This model may help define the mechanistic link between transmission of pathological α-Syn and the cardinal features of autonomic dysfunction in α-synucleinopathy.


Assuntos
Gânglios Autônomos/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Autonômica Pura/patologia , Sinucleinopatias/patologia , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Animais , Técnicas de Observação do Comportamento , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Gânglios Autônomos/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mutação , Agregados Proteicos , Insuficiência Autonômica Pura/genética , Insuficiência Autonômica Pura/fisiopatologia , Sinucleinopatias/genética , Sinucleinopatias/fisiopatologia , alfa-Sinucleína/administração & dosagem , alfa-Sinucleína/genética
3.
J Neurol Sci ; 411: 116691, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in CAPN1 have recently been reported to cause the spastic paraplegia 76 (SPG76) subtype of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). To investigate the role of CAPN1 in spastic paraplegia and other neurodegenerative diseases, including spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), early-onset Parkinson's disease (EOPD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) we conducted a mutation analysis of CAPN1 in a cohort of Chinese patients with SPG, SCA, EOPD, and ALS. METHODS: Variants of CAPN1 were detected in the three cohorts by Sanger or whole-exome sequencing, and all exons and exon-intron boundaries of CAPN1 were analysed. RESULTS: A novel CAPN1 splicing variant (NM_001198868: c.338-1G > A) identified in a familial SPG/SCA showed a complex phenotype, including spastic paraplegia, ataxia, and extensor plantar response. This mutation was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and completely co-segregated with the phenotypes. Sequencing of the cDNA from the three affected patients detected a guanine deletion (c.340_340delG) that was predicted to result in an early stop codon after 61 amino acids (p. D114Tfs*62). No CAPN1 pathogenic mutation was found in the EOPD or ALS groups. CONCLUSION: Our data reveal a novel CAPN1 mutation found in patients with SPG/SCA and emphasize the spastic and ataxic phenotypes of SPG76, but CAPN1 may not play a major role in EOPD and ALS.

4.
Brain ; 143(1): 222-233, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819945

RESUMO

Essential tremor is one of the most common movement disorders. Despite its high prevalence and heritability, the genetic aetiology of essential tremor remains elusive. Up to now, only a few genes/loci have been identified, but these genes have not been replicated in other essential tremor families or cohorts. Here we report a genetic study in a cohort of 197 Chinese pedigrees clinically diagnosed with essential tremor. Using a comprehensive strategy combining linkage analysis, whole-exome sequencing, long-read whole-genome sequencing, repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction and GC-rich polymerase chain reaction, we identified an abnormal GGC repeat expansion in the 5' region of the NOTCH2NLC gene that co-segregated with disease in 11 essential tremor families (5.58%) from our cohort. Clinically, probands that had an abnormal GGC repeat expansion were found to have more severe tremor phenotypes, lower activities of daily living ability. Obvious genetic anticipation was also detected in these 11 essential tremor-positive families. These results indicate that abnormal GGC repeat expansion in the 5' region of NOTCH2NLC gene is associated with essential tremor, and provide strong evidence that essential tremor is a family of diseases with high clinical and genetic heterogeneities.

5.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 72(2): 633-640, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594229

RESUMO

Recent studies found that poor oral hygiene was associated with increased risk of dementia, and the number of oral bacteria significantly increased in the brain tissues of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), suggesting that the oral microbiota may play an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. However, the actual composition of oral bacteria communities in patients with AD and whether these oral bacteria are associated with disease severity remain largely unknown. Also, the APOEɛ4 polymorphism is a strong risk factor for sporadic AD, and it would be pertinent to see if the bacterial flora was different in those patients who were APOEɛ4 positive. A total of 78 subjects were recruited in this study, including 39 patients with AD and 39 healthy controls. Saliva was collected from each subject. 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) sequencing was conducted to analyze the salivary microbiota, and Sanger sequencing was performed to analyze the APOE genotype. There was a significantly lower richness and diversity of saliva microbiota detected in AD patients than healthy controls. The relative abundance of Moraxella, Leptotrichia, and Sphaerochaeta in the saliva of AD patients greatly increased, whereas that of Rothia was significantly reduced. Compared with APOEɛ4 (-) patients, the level of Abiotrophia and Desulfomicrobium was comparatively abundant, while Actinobacillus and Actinomyces decreased significantly in patients carrying the APOEɛ4. No bacteria were found to be associated with the severity of AD. This is the first study to analyze the salivary microorganisms in patients with AD, and we discovered that the composition of salivary microbiome was altered in AD, providing further support for the role of the oral microbiome in AD development.

6.
J Clin Neurosci ; 70: 198-201, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492481

RESUMO

microRNAs have been reported to suppress tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis and play roles in neurodegeneration disorders. Moreover, changes in microRNAs are found in the peripheral blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and brain tissues in patients of central nervous system diseases, including glioma, Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis and depression. Compared with other bodily fluids, CSF is the most accurate at representing the pathological processes of the brain. To understand whether microRNA expression may be dysregulated in the patients of PD, and to further discover potential diagnostic biomarkers and promising therapeutic targets for PD, we used real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to compare CSF microRNAs from 20 PD patients, 13 AD patients and 27 controls with other neurologic disorders such as encephalitis and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Finally, we found that the mean expression level of hsa-miR-626 was significantly reduced in the CSF of patients with PD compared with AD and controls. Our approach potentially identified a biomarker in CSF that upon further investigation, could be used for the detection, diagnosis, and monitoring of PD in combination with other PD biomarkers.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , MicroRNAs/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Doença de Parkinson/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(1): 166-176, 2019 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178126

RESUMO

Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a slowly progressing neurodegenerative disease characterized by eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions in the nervous system and multiple visceral organs. The clinical manifestation of NIID varies widely, and both familial and sporadic cases have been reported. Here we have performed genetic linkage analysis and mapped the disease locus to 1p13.3-q23.1; however, whole-exome sequencing revealed no potential disease-causing mutations. We then performed long-read genome sequencing and identified a large GGC repeat expansion within human-specific NOTCH2NLC. Expanded GGC repeats as the cause of NIID was further confirmed in an additional three NIID-affected families as well as five sporadic NIID-affected case subjects. Moreover, given the clinical heterogeneity of NIID, we examined the size of the GGC repeat among 456 families with a variety of neurological conditions with the known pathogenic genes excluded. Surprisingly, GGC repeat expansion was observed in two Alzheimer disease (AD)-affected families and three parkinsonism-affected families, implicating that the GGC repeat expansions in NOTCH2NLC could also contribute to the pathogenesis of both AD and PD. Therefore, we suggest defining a term NIID-related disorders (NIIDRD), which will include NIID and other related neurodegenerative diseases caused by the expanded GGC repeat within human-specific NOTCH2NLC.

8.
Brain ; 142(8): 2215-2229, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199454

RESUMO

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy exhibiting great clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Here, the identification of two heterozygous missense mutations in the C1orf194 gene at 1p21.2-p13.2 with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease are reported. Specifically, the p.I122N mutation was the cause of an intermediate form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, and the p.K28I missense mutation predominately led to the demyelinating form. Functional studies demonstrated that the p.K28I variant significantly reduced expression of the protein, but the p.I122N variant increased. In addition, the p.I122N mutant protein exhibited the aggregation in neuroblastoma cell lines and the patient's peroneal nerve. Either gain-of-function or partial loss-of-function mutations to C1ORF194 can specify different causal mechanisms responsible for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with a wide range of clinical severity. Moreover, a knock-in mouse model confirmed that the C1orf194 missense mutation p.I121N led to impairments in motor and neuromuscular functions, and aberrant myelination and axonal phenotypes. The loss of normal C1ORF194 protein altered intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and upregulated Ca2+ handling regulatory proteins. These findings describe a novel protein with vital functions in peripheral nervous systems and broaden the causes of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, which open new avenues for the diagnosis and treatment of related neuropathies.

9.
Bone ; 125: 25-29, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077850

RESUMO

Leptin, a small polypeptide hormone secreted by the adipocytes, controls body weight and gonadal function by binding to a special receptor located in the hypothalamus. Observational studies have demonstrated a controversial association between leptin and bone mineral density (BMD), and functional studies of the relationship between leptin and BMD still largely vary by different studies. Using SNPs strongly associated with leptin levels in 52,140 individuals, we conducted a two-sample Mendelian randomization study to identify whether genetically lowered leptin levels were associated with BMD by using an inverse-variance weighted method, a weighted median method, MR-Egger and Robust Adjusted Profile Score. We found that circulating leptin levels may causally decrease lumbar spine BMD (effect size = -0.45, 95% CI: -0.82, -0.083; p value = 0.016). The association estimates of circulating leptin levels on femoral neck, forearm and total body BMD were not significant. Our study suggests that genetically predicted higher circulating leptin was associated with lower LS-BMD.

10.
Front Neurol ; 10: 121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837940

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical features and correlates of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in a Chinese population of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Methods: Patients with clinically established or clinically probable PD were recruited. Clinical and demographic data were collected, and participants were evaluated using standardized assessment protocols. Patients were divided into PD with EDS and PD without EDS groups based on the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) scores, with a cutoff score of 10. Clinical manifestations were compared between patients with and without EDS, and correlates of EDS were also studied. In addition, the relationship between EDS and poor nighttime sleep quality was analyzed. Results: A total of 1,221 PD patients were recruited in our study. The mean ESS (min, max) score was 7.6 ± 6.1 (0, 24), and 34.1% of the patients had ESS scores ≥10. No difference was seen in lifestyle (except for alcohol consumption), environmental factors, BMI, levodopa equivalent dose (LED), initial presentation of motor symptoms, motor subtype, and wearing off between patients with and without EDS. The PD with EDS group had a higher proportion of male patients and a higher average patient age. Moreover, the PD with EDS group showed older age at PD onset, lower educational level, and longer disease duration. Patients with EDS had higher scores on the Hoehn-Yahr scale and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) parts I, II, and III score, more severe non-motor symptoms, and poorer quality of sleep and life. Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that EDS was associated with male sex, age, cognitive impairment, PD-related sleep problems, rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and worse quality of life (QoL). Conclusion: EDS is a general clinical manifestation in PD, and there were significant differences in clinical features between patients with and without EDS. Moreover, our study proved that many factors were associated with EDS, including male sex, age, cognitive impairment, PD-related sleep problems, RBD, and worse QoL. Understanding the clinical characteristics of EDS in PD patients may help identify EDS early, improve QoL, and reduce the occurrence of accidents.

11.
Brain Res ; 1712: 25-33, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707893

RESUMO

PLA2G6-associated neurodegeneration (PLAN, NBIA2) is the second most common type of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA), caused by recessive mutations of PLA2G6 gene, which encodes Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2ß (iPLA2ß). In most PLAN cases, decreased iPLA2ß activity and iron deposition was observed meanwhile, and researchers also identified a PLA2G6 mutation family without iron deposition shown by MRI images. This brought us the question of whether decreased iPLA2ß activity was the cause of iron deposition in PLAN. In this study, we used S-BEL as the antagonist of iPLA2ß to block its activity and used SH-SY5Y cells as the expression system. We incubated SH-SY5Y cells with different concentrations of S-BEL. The results showed that decreased iPLA2ß activity led no obvious iron accumulation, while changes of cells state and activation of apoptosis were observed. To further investigate the cause of unchanged iron level, we examined the cellular iron regulatory proteins involved in iron uptake, storage and export. The results were as follows: TfR1 (iron uptake protein) expression was decreased, the expression of ferritin heavy chain and light chain (iron storage protein) was increased. There was no alteration of the expression of DMT1 (iron uptake protein) and FPN1 (iron export protein). Under the condition of decreased iPLA2ß activity, there was no obvious iron accumulation but iron uptake activity decreased and iron storage activity increased. Therefore, we speculate that the decreased iPLA2ß activity may not be the main reason for iron deposition in PLAN.

12.
J Med Genet ; 56(4): 265-270, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The locus for familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy (FCMTE) has long been mapped to 8q24 in linkage studies, but the causative mutations remain unclear. Recently, expansions of intronic TTTCA and TTTTA repeat motifs within SAMD12 were found to be involved in the pathogenesis of FCMTE in Japanese pedigrees. We aim to identify the causative mutations of FCMTE in Chinese pedigrees. METHODS: We performed genetic linkage analysis by microsatellite markers in a five-generation Chinese pedigree with 55 members. We also used array-comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies (whole-exome sequencing, capture region deep sequencing and whole-genome sequencing) to identify the causative mutations in the disease locus. Recently, we used low-coverage (~10×) long-read genome sequencing (LRS) on the PacBio Sequel and Oxford Nanopore platforms to identify the causative mutations, and used repeat-primed PCR for validation of the repeat expansions. RESULTS: Linkage analysis mapped the disease locus to 8q23.3-24.23. Array-CGH and NGS failed to identify causative mutations in this locus. LRS identified the intronic TTTCA and TTTTA repeat expansions in SAMD12 as the causative mutations, thus corroborating the recently published results in Japanese pedigrees. CONCLUSIONS: We identified the pentanucleotide repeat expansion in SAMD12 as the causative mutation in Chinese FCMTE pedigrees. Our study also suggested that LRS is an effective tool for molecular diagnosis of genetic disorders, especially for neurological diseases that cannot be positively diagnosed by conventional clinical microarray and NGS technologies.

13.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 129(12): 2507-2516, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to extract significant disorder-associated patterns from whole brain functional connectivity to distinguish mild-moderate Parkinson's disease (PD) patients from controls. METHODS: Resting-state fMRI data were measured from thirty-six PD individuals and thirty-five healthy controls. Multivariate pattern analysis was applied to investigate whole-brain functional connectivity patterns in individuals with 'mild-moderate' PD. Additionally, the relationship between the asymmetry of functional connectivity and the side of the initial symptoms was also analyzed. RESULTS: In a leave-one-out cross-validation, we got the generalization rate of 80.28% for distinguishing PD patients from controls. The most discriminative functional connectivity was found in cortical networks that included the default mode, sensorimotor and attention networks. Compared to patients with the left side initially affected, an increased abnormal functional connectivity was found in patients in whom the right side was initially affected. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that discriminative functional connectivity is likely associated with disturbances of cortical networks involved in sensorimotor control and attention. The spatiotemporal patterns of motor asymmetry may be related to the lateralized dysfunction on the early stages of PD. SIGNIFICANCE: This study identifies discriminative functional connectivity that is associated with disturbances of cortical networks. Our results demonstrated new evidence regarding the functional brain changes related to the unilateral motor symptoms of early PD.


Assuntos
Conectoma , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Atenção , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia , Córtex Sensório-Motor/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Sensório-Motor/fisiopatologia
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(45): 11567-11572, 2018 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348779

RESUMO

Whole-exome sequencing has been successful in identifying genetic factors contributing to familial or sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). However, this approach has not been applied to explore the impact of de novo mutations on PD pathogenesis. Here, we sequenced the exomes of 39 early onset patients, their parents, and 20 unaffected siblings to investigate the effects of de novo mutations on PD. We identified 12 genes with de novo mutations (MAD1L1, NUP98, PPP2CB, PKMYT1, TRIM24, CEP131, CTTNBP2, NUS1, SMPD3, MGRN1, IFI35, and RUSC2), which could be functionally relevant to PD pathogenesis. Further analyses of two independent case-control cohorts (1,852 patients and 1,565 controls in one cohort and 3,237 patients and 2,858 controls in the other) revealed that NUS1 harbors significantly more rare nonsynonymous variants (P = 1.01E-5, odds ratio = 11.3) in PD patients than in controls. Functional studies in Drosophila demonstrated that the loss of NUS1 could reduce the climbing ability, dopamine level, and number of dopaminergic neurons in 30-day-old flies and could induce apoptosis in fly brain. Together, our data suggest that de novo mutations could contribute to early onset PD pathogenesis and identify NUS1 as a candidate gene for PD.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Adulto , Idade de Início , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Translocador Nuclear Receptor Aril Hidrocarboneto/antagonistas & inibidores , Translocador Nuclear Receptor Aril Hidrocarboneto/genética , Translocador Nuclear Receptor Aril Hidrocarboneto/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Encéfalo/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dopamina/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/patologia , Proteínas de Drosophila/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Pais , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Irmãos
15.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 57: 72-76, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119933

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutations and leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) variants are the most common genetic risk factors for late-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the differences in pre-diagnostic symptoms of PD associated with the variants. METHODS: The participants were recruited from 24 centers across China and genotyped for LRRK2 G2385R and R1628P variants and GBA L444P mutation. Participants were surveyed with structural questionnaires for history of environmental exposure and living habits and interviewed to collect the time at onset of each symptoms before diagnosis. We compared the cumulative prevalence and manifestation pattern of symptoms between groups using multiple logistic regression, adjusting age and gender. RESULTS: Total 1799 PD patients were recruited, including 226 patients with LRRK2 G2385R or R1628P variant, 44 with GBA L444P mutation, three with both LRRK2 and GBA mutation, and 1526 idiopathic patients. The cumulative prevalence of non-motor and typical motor symptoms did not differ between groups before diagnosis (P > 0.05). The manifestation sequences of non-motor symptoms were indistinguishable between the LRRK2-carriers, GBA-carriers, and idiopathic PD subjects, and followed the sequence of constipation, hyposmia, sleep disorders, anxiety and depression, sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinency, dizziness and cognition. Slightly higher prevalence of hypomimia and micrographia were detected in the GBA-carriers. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of pre-diagnostic symptoms is almost indistinguishable between the LRRK2-carriers, GBA-carriers, and idiopathic PD before diagnosis; the sequence of the manifestation of non-motor symptoms largely conforms to the Braak stage for both genetic-related and idiopathic late-onset PD.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Sintomas Prodrômicos , Idoso , Feminino , Glucosilceramidase/genética , Humanos , Serina-Treonina Proteína Quinase-2 com Repetições Ricas em Leucina/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Neurosci Lett ; 677: 55-59, 2018 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29698690

RESUMO

The pathogenic mechanism underlying Parkinson's disease (PD) and PD- Cognitive impairment (CI) remains elusive. Its potential link to the risk factors in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is unclear. In this study, we analyzed 16 CE-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in twelve genes in a Chinese cohort of 450 PD cases and 449 controls. Among our 298 cases clinically evaluated for CI, 113 cases did not show CI signs (PD-NC), 86 cases had mildly cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and 99 cases had dementia (PD-D). We found that the APOE ε4 allele is associated with a higher risk for PD-D. Gene-gene interaction analysis revealed that three significant gene-gene interactions, including BDNF and CLU, APOE and CR1, and DYRK1A and CD2AP increase the risk for PD. Because these SNPs are known genetic risk factors for AD, their contribution to PD and PD-D shown in this study suggests that PD/PD-D and AD may share convergent pathways in their pathogenesis through gene-gene interactions.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/complicações , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Epistasia Genética , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
17.
Hum Mol Genet ; 27(4): 625-637, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29294000

RESUMO

Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is a heterogeneous movement disorder characterized by recurrent dyskinesia attacks triggered by sudden movement. PRRT2 has been identified as the first causative gene of PKD. However, it is only responsible for approximately half of affected individuals, indicating that other loci are most likely involved in the etiology of this disorder. To explore the underlying causative gene of PRRT2-negative PKD, we used a combination strategy including linkage analysis, whole-exome sequencing and copy number variations analysis to detect the genetic variants within a family with PKD. We identified a linkage locus on chromosome 12 (12p13.32-12p12.3) and detected a novel heterozygous mutation c.956 T>G (p.319 L>R) in the potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1, KCNA1. Whole-exome sequencing in another 58 Chinese patients with PKD who lacked mutations in PRRT2 revealed another novel mutation in the KCNA1 gene [c.765 C>A (p.255 N>K)] within another family. Biochemical analysis revealed that the L319R mutant accelerated protein degradation via the proteasome pathway and disrupted membrane expression of the Kv1.1 channel. Electrophysiological examinations in transfected HEK293 cells showed that both the L319R and N255K mutants resulted in reduced potassium currents and respective altered gating properties, with a dominant negative effect on the Kv1.1 wild-type channel. Our study suggests that these mutations in KCNA1 cause the Kv1.1 channel dysfunction, which leads to familial PKD. The current study further extended the genotypic spectrum of this disorder, indicating that Kv1.1 channel dysfunction maybe one of the underlying defects in PKD.


Assuntos
Distonia/genética , Canal de Potássio Kv1.1/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Linhagem
18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(2): 151-155, 2018 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29336362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SH3TC2, PMP2, and BSCL2 genes are related to autosomal recessive (AR) Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease type 1, autosomal dominant (AD)-CMT1, and AD-CMT2, respectively. Pathogenic variants in these three genes were not well documented in Chinese CMT patients. Therefore, this study aims to detect SH3TC2, PMP2, and BSCL2 pathogenic variants in a cohort of 315 unrelated Chinese CMT families. METHODS: A total of 315 probands from 315 unrelated Chinese CMT families were recruited from the Department of Neurology of Third Xiangya Hospital and Xiangya Hospital. We screened for SH3TC2 pathogenic variants in 84 AR or sporadic CMT probands, PMP2 pathogenic variants in 39 AD or sporadic CMT1 probands, and BSCL2 pathogenic variants in 50 AD or sporadic CMT2 probands, using polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing. All these patients were out of 315 unrelated Chinese CMT families and genetically undiagnosed after exclusion of pathogenic variants of PMP22, MFN2, MPZ, GJB1, GDAP1, HSPB1, HSPB8, EGR2, NEFL, and RAB7. Candidate variants were analyzed based on the standards and guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). Clinical features were reevaluated. RESULTS: We identified three novel heterozygous variants such as p.L95V (c.283C>G), p.L1048P (c.3143T>C), and p.V1105M (c.3313G>A) of SH3TC2 gene and no pathogenic variants of PMP2 and BSCL2 genes. Although evaluation in silico and screening in the healthy control revealed that the three SH3TC2 variants were likely pathogenic, no second allele variants were discovered. According to the standards and guidelines of ACMG, the heterozygous SH3TC2 variants such as p.L95V, p.L1048P, and p.V1105M were considered to be of uncertain significance. CONCLUSIONS: SH3TC2, PMP2, and BSCL2 pathogenic variants might be rare in Chinese CMT patients. Further studies to confirm our findings are needed.


Assuntos
Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/genética , Subunidades gama da Proteína de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Mutação , Proteína P2 de Mielina/genética , Proteínas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
20.
Mov Disord ; 33(3): 459-467, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29356177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia is the most common type of paroxysmal dyskinesia. Approximately half of the cases of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia worldwide are attributable to proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 mutations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate potential causative genes and clinical characteristics in proline-rich transmembrane protein 2-negative patients with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. METHODS: We analyzed clinical manifestations and performed exome sequencing in a cohort of 163 proline-rich transmembrane protein 2-negative probands, followed by filtering data with a paroxysmal movement disorders gene panel. Sanger sequencing, segregation analysis, and phenotypic reevaluation were used to substantiate the findings. RESULTS: The clinical characteristics of the enrolled 163 probands were summarized. A total of 39 heterozygous variants were identified, of which 33 were classified as benign, likely benign, and uncertain significance. The remaining 6 variants (3 novel, 3 documented) were pathogenic and likely pathogenic. Of these, 3 were de novo (potassium calcium-activated channel subfamily M alpha 1, c.1534A>G; solute carrier family 2 member 1, c.418G>A; sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 8, c.3640G>A) in 3 sporadic individuals, respectively. The other 3 (paroxysmal nonkinesiogenic dyskinesia protein, c.956dupA; potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1, c.765C>A; Dishevelled, Egl-10, and Pleckstrin domain containing 5, c.3311C>T) cosegregated in 3 families. All 6 cases presented with typical paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia characteristics, except for the Dishevelled, Egl-10, and Pleckstrin domain containing 5 family, where the proband's mother had abnormal discharges in her temporal lobes in addition to paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia episodes. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings extend the genotypic spectrum of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia and establish the associations between paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia and genes classically related to other paroxysmal movement disorders. De novo variants might be a cause of sporadic paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. © 2018 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.


Assuntos
Distonia/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Mutação/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Distonia/diagnóstico , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/genética , Humanos , Subunidades alfa do Canal de Potássio Ativado por Cálcio de Condutância Alta/genética , Masculino , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Adulto Jovem
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