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1.
Front Oncol ; 12: 840572, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35664729

RESUMO

Objective: Postoperative hypopituitarism associated with increased risks of premature mobility and mortality is often encountered in craniopharyngioma patients. The aim of our study is to construct nomograms related to injury types of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis (HPA) to predict hypopituitarism 1 year after surgery. Methods: Craniopharyngioma patients undergoing initial endoscopic endonasal surgery between December 2012 and March 2021 in our center were retrospectively reviewed, and injury types of the HPA were categorized according to intraoperative endoscopic observation. Included patients were randomly divided into a training group and a validation group. Nomograms were established based on the results of multivariate logistic analysis. The predictive performance of the nomograms was evaluated in the training and validation groups. Results: A total of 183 patients with craniopharyngioma were enrolled, and seven injury types of the HPA were summarized. Relative to intact HPA, exclusive hypothalamus injury significantly increased the risk of anterior (OR, 194.174; 95% CI, 21.311-1769.253; p < 0.001) and posterior pituitary dysfunction (OR, 31.393; 95% CI, 6.319-155.964; p < 0.001) 1 year after surgery, while exclusively sacrificing stalk infiltrated by tumors did not significantly increase the risk of anterior (OR, 5.633; 95% CI, 0.753-42.133; p = 0.092) and posterior pituitary dysfunction (OR, 1.580; 95% CI, 0.257-9.707; p = 0.621) 1 year after surgery. In the training group, the AUCs of nomograms predicting anterior and posterior pituitary dysfunction 1 year after surgery were 0.921 and 0.885, respectively, compared with 0.921 and 0.880 in the validation group. Conclusions: Intact hypothalamus structure is critical in maintaining pituitary function. Moreover, our preliminary study suggests that the pituitary stalk infiltrated by craniopharyngioma could be sacrificed to achieve radical resection, without substantially rendering significantly worse endocrinological efficiency 1 year after surgery. The user-friendly nomograms can be used to predict hypopituitarism 1 year after surgery.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35664937

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide and conbercept on the efficacy and safety of diabetic macular edema (DME) after cataract intraocular lens (IOL) surgery. Methods: A total of 350 patients with cataract complicated with diabetic macular edema in our hospital from January 2017 to July 2021 were randomly divided into conbercept group and triamcinolone acetonide group. Patients in the conbercept group were given intravitreal injection of conbercept during IOL surgery, and patients in the triamcinolone acetonide group were given injection of triamcinolone acetonide during surgery. Results: Three months after treatment, the best-corrected visual acuity of the two groups was significantly higher than before, the corrected visual acuity of the conbercept group was more significant than the triamcinolone acetonide group, and the intraocular pressure of the triamcinolone acetonide group was higher than the conbercept group. The foveal thickness and macular volume were significantly reduced in both groups, and was reduced more in the conbercept group than in the triamcinolone acetonide group. The contents of VEGF, SDF-1, and IL-6 in both groups were significantly decreased, and the decrease was more significant in the conbercept group than in the triamcinolone acetonide group. The patients with elevated intraocular pressure, headache and vomiting, orbital swelling pain, eye swelling pain, and eye pain in the triamcinolone acetonide group were significantly higher than those in the conbercept group (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Conbercept and triamcinolone acetonide has a good therapeutic effect on DME in pseudophakic eyes after cataract IOL surgery, which can reduce the degree of macular edema and improve the visual function. However, the therapeutic effect of injection therapy with conbercept is safe, the prognosis is better, and the complication rate is low.

3.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3238, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35688829

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors, especially transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), have been envisioned as promising candidates in extending Moore's law. To achieve this, the controllable growth of wafer-scale TMDs single crystals or periodic single-crystal patterns are fundamental issues. Herein, we present a universal route for synthesizing arrays of unidirectionally orientated monolayer TMDs ribbons (e.g., MoS2, WS2, MoSe2, WSe2, MoSxSe2-x), by using the step edges of high-miller-index Au facets as templates. Density functional theory calculations regarding the growth kinetics of specific edges have been performed to reveal the morphological transition from triangular domains to patterned ribbons. More intriguingly, we find that, the uniformly aligned TMDs ribbons can merge into single-crystal films through a one-dimensional edge epitaxial growth mode. This work hereby puts forward an alternative pathway for the direct synthesis of inch-scale uniform monolayer TMDs single-crystals or patterned ribbons, which should promote their applications as channel materials in high-performance electronics or other fields.

4.
J Neurovirol ; 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674935

RESUMO

We evaluated whether biomarkers of age-related neuronal injury and amyloid metabolism are associated with neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in people with and without HIV (PWH, PWoH). This was a cross-sectional study of virally suppressed PWH and PWoH. NCI was assessed using a validated test battery; global deficit scores (GDS) quantified overall performance. Biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were quantified by immunoassay: neurofilament light (NFL), total Tau (tTau), phosphorylated Tau 181 (pTau181), amyloid beta (Aß)42, and Aß40. Factor analysis was used to reduce biomarker dimensionality. Participants were 256 virally suppressed PWH and 42 PWoH, 20.2% female, 17.1% Black, 7.1% Hispanic, 60.2% non-Hispanic White, and 15.6% other race/ethnicities, mean (SD) age 56.7 (6.45) years. Among PWH, the best regression model for CSF showed that higher tTau (ß = 0.723, p = 3.79e-5) together with lower pTau181 (ß = -0.510, p = 0.0236) best-predicted poor neurocognitive performance. In univariable analysis, only higher tTau was significantly correlated with poor neurocognitive performance (tTau r = 0.214, p = 0.0006; pTau181 r = 0.00248, p = 0.969). Among PWoH, no CSF biomarkers were significantly associated with worse NCI. Predicted residual error sum of squares (PRESS) analysis showed no evidence of overfitting. Poorer neurocognitive performance in aging PWH was associated with higher CSF tTau, a marker of age-related neuronal injury, but not with biomarkers of amyloid metabolism. The findings suggest that HIV might interact with age-related neurodegeneration to contribute to cognitive decline in PWH.

5.
Front Oncol ; 12: 847250, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719989

RESUMO

Objective: The surgical management of lesions involving the lateral area of the suprasellar region, including the lateral aspect of the planum sphenoidale and the tight junction region of the optic canal (OC), anterior clinoid process (ACP), and internal carotid artery (ICA) and its dural rings, is extremely challenging. Here, these regions, namely, the "parasuprasellar" area, are described from the endonasal perspective. Moreover, the authors introduce two novels endoscopic endonasal supraoptic (EESO) and endoscopic endonasal infraoptic (EEIO) approaches to access the parasuprasellar area. Methods: Surgical simulation of the EESO and EEIO approaches to the parasuprasellar area was conducted in 5 silicon-injected specimens. The same techniques were applied in 12 patients with lesions involving the parasuprasellar area. Results: The EESO approach provided excellent surgical access to the lateral region of the planum sphenoidale, which corresponds to the orbital gyrus of the frontal lobe. With stepwise bone (OC, optic strut and ACP) removal, dissociation of the ophthalmic artery (OA) and optic nerve (ON), the EEIO approach enables access to the lateral region of the supraclinoidal ICA. These approaches can be used independently or in combination, but are more often employed as a complement to the endoscopic endonasal midline and transcavernous approaches. In clinical application, the EESO and EEIO approaches were successfully performed in 12 patients harboring tumors as well as multiple aneurysms involving the parasuprasellar area. Gross total and subtotal tumor resection were achieved in 9 patients and 1 patient, respectively. For two patients with multiple aneurysms, the lesions were clipped selectively according to location and size. Visual acuity improved in 7 patients, remained stable in 4, and deteriorated in only 1. No postoperative intracranial infection or ICA injury occurred in this series. Conclusions: The EESO and EEIO approaches offer original treatment options for well-selected lesions involving the parasuprasellar area. They can be combined with the endoscopic endonasal midline and transcavernous approaches to remove extensive pathologies involving the intrasellar, suprasellar, sphenoid, and cavernous sinuses and even the bifurcation of the ICA. This work for the first time pushes the boundary of the endoscopic endonasal approach lateral to the supraclinoidal ICA and ON.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(24): e29362, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713437

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Severe acute respiratory disease coronavirus 2 is currently causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, placing extreme strain on the global health system. Vaccination is the main measure for preventing the COVID-19 epidemic, especially for high-risk groups including patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, CKD patients receiving dialysis or kidney transplant may be characterized by decreased renal function and immune disorders, which may have uncertainties in their health. This overview aims to introduce the possible impact of the COVID-19 vaccine on kidney disease and its application in patients with CKD to provide evidence for the COVID-19 vaccine in patients with CKD. The data for this study were collected from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI). The following keywords were used: "COVID-19", "COVID-19 vaccine," and "CKD". The publication time of the papers was set from the establishment of the databases to September 2021. A total of 47 studies were included, and patients with CKD are a high-risk group for COVID-19 infection and severe illness. Vaccination is a powerful tool for preventing CKD patients from COVID-19. Because of possible side effects, the recurrence or deterioration of kidney disease may occur in CKD patients after vaccination. Although vaccination for patients with CKD remains a problem, with the advantages outweighing the disadvantages, stable CKD patients should complete a vaccination plan, and doctors should be aware of the recurrence or deterioration of kidney disease and close monitoring. DATA ACCESS STATEMENT: Research data supporting this publication are available from the electronic databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35707874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to recapitulate the change trajectory of postoperative weight and investigate the association between postoperative hypothalamic damage and weight gain and hypothalamic obesity (HO) in patients with adult-onset craniopharyngioma. METHODS: The data of 96 patients with surgically treated primary adult-onset craniopharyngioma were retrospectively analyzed. The association between postoperative hypothalamic damage based on magnetic resonance images or endoscopic observation and postoperative weight gain and HO was determined by multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Forty-seven (49.0%) patients and 18 (18.8%) patients experienced clinically meaningful weight gain (≥5%) and HO at last follow-up, respectively. Postoperative weight significantly increased during the first 6 months following surgery, followed by stabilization. Both grade 2 postoperative hypothalamus damage, as evaluated by the magnetic resonance imaging classification system of Müller et al., and higher scores based on the Roth et al. hypothalamic lesion score were significantly associated with postoperative weight gain of ≥5% (p = 0.005 and p = 0.002) and with HO (p = 0.001 and p = 0.008). Additionally, bilateral hypothalamic injury as evaluated by the Hong et al. hypothalamic injury pattern based on endoscopic observation (p = 0.008) could predict postoperative weight gain ≥5%. CONCLUSIONS: Significant postoperative weight gain is common in patients with adult-onset craniopharyngioma. Postoperative hypothalamic damage can predict clinically meaningful weight gain and HO.

8.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 35(6): 548-54, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore effect of lentivirus-mediated complement C3 silencing vector on the osteogenic ability of human B lymphocyte Raji-osteoblast cell line MG63 co-culture system and its mechanism. METHODS: The lentiviral complement C3 silencing vector was constructed and transfected into human B lymphocyte Raji to establish in vitro Raji-osteoblast cell line MG63 co-culture system. The cells were divided into blank control group (without special treatment), complement C3 silencing group (lentiviral complement C3 silencing vector transfection co-culture system) and model group(lentiviral vector transfection co-culture system). The expression of complement C3 in each group was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and Western-Blot at 24 h after culture, proliferation of MG63 cells was detected by CCK-8 at 0, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h, apoptosis of MG63 cells in each group was detected by flow cytometry at 24 h after culture, and alkaline phosphatase(AKP) activity of MG63 cells in each group was detected by AKP detection kit, and osteoprotegerin (OPG ) protein expression of MG63 cells in each group was detected by Western-Blot method. RESULTS: RT-PCR results showed that the expression level of C3 in complement C3 silencing group was lower than that in blank control group and model group, Western-Blot results showed that expression of C3 in complement C3 silencing group was lower than that in blank control group and model group, CCK-8 results showed that there was no difference in proliferation ability of MG63 among complement C3 silencing group and blank control group and model group at 3 and 6 h after culture;at 12 h after culture, proliferation ability of MG63 cells with C3 silencing was higher than that of blank control group and model group;at 24, 48 and 72 h after culture, proliferation ability of MG63 cell line with complement C3 silencing group were higher than that of blank control group and model group. Flow cytometry resluts showed that apoptosis of proliferation ability of MG63 cell line with complement C3 silencing group was lower than that of blank control group and model group;AKP detection kit suggested that AKP activity in complement C3 silencing group was higher than that in blank control group and model group, Western-Blot results showed that expression level of OPG protein in complement C3 silencing groupwas higher than that in blank control groupand model group. CONCLUSION: Silencing of complement C3 could enhance bone formation ability of osteoblast MG63, and it takes time to accumulate this ability. Complement C3 may affect osteogenesis by altering OPG / RANKL / RANK axis.

9.
Nanotechnology ; 33(34)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550370

RESUMO

Studying two-dimensional (2D) materials using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is necessary and very important in many aspects. However, some 2D materials are not resistant to acids or alkalis, which are widely used in normal wet transfer techniques to transfer the exfoliated 2D nanosheets onto the TEM grids. On the other hand, dry stamping method can damage the holey carbon film on the TEM grids. In this article, we present a non-destructive, efficient, and widely applicable transfer method for preparing the TEM samples of the exfoliated 2D materials. Our method only uses the heat-release tape, PMMA, and blue Nitto tape. Neither acid nor alkali is involved in our method, therefore, impurities and damage can be avoided to the greatest extent. The method is also very efficient and can be accomplished in less than 30 min after the exfoliation of the 2D materials. This method is particularly useful for preparing the TEM samples of the 2D materials that are not resistant to acids and alkalis. The present method is also applicable to various 2D materials and various substrates.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(22): 25792-25801, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35608966

RESUMO

Photomechanical effect in semiconductors refers to a phenomenon that plastic deformation is influenced by light-induced electron-hole (e-h) excitation. To date, increasing amounts of theoretical and experimental studies have been performed to illustrate the physical origin of this phenomenon. In contrast, there has been little discussion about this effect in superhard materials. Here, we adopted constrained density functional theory simulations to assess how e-h excitation influences two boron-based superhard materials: boron carbide (B4C) and boron subphosphide (B12P2). We found that the ideal shear strengths of both systems decrease under e-h excited states. Under e-h excitation, the redistribution of electrons and holes contributes to the decreased strength, weakening the bonds initially broken under the shear deformation. The simulation results provide a fundamental explanation for the softening effects of superhard materials under e-h excitation. This study also provides a basis to tune the mechanical properties of superhard materials via light irradiation.

11.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 2371-2381, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528184

RESUMO

Background: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in December 2019 in Wuhan, it has spread rapidly worldwide. We aimed to establish and validate a nomogram that predicts the probability of coronavirus-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (CARDS). Methods: In this single-centre, retrospective study, 261 patients with COVID-19 were recruited using positive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in Tongji Hospital at Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Wuhan, China). These patients were randomly distributed into the training cohort (75%) and the validation cohort (25%). The factors included in the nomogram were determined using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses based on the training cohort. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), consistency index (C-index), calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to evaluate the efficiency of the nomogram in the training and validation cohorts. Results: Independent predictive factors, including fasting plasma glucose, platelet, D-dimer, and cTnI, were determined using the nomogram. In the training cohort, the AUC and concordance index were 0.93. Similarly, in the validation cohort, the nomogram still showed great distinction (AUC: 0.92) and better calibration. The calibration plot also showed a high degree of agreement between the predicted and actual probabilities of CARDS. In addition, the DCA proved that the nomogram was clinically beneficial. Conclusion: Based on the results of laboratory tests, we established a predictive model for acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with COVID-19. This model shows good performance and can be used clinically to identify CARDS early. Trial Registration: Ethics committee of Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (No.:(2020) Linlun-34th).

12.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 889534, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600075

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify novel genetic causes of febrile seizures (FS) and epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (EFS+). Methods: We performed whole-exome sequencing in a cohort of 32 families, in which at least two individuals were affected by FS or EFS+. The probands, their parents, and available family members were recruited to ascertain whether the genetic variants were co-segregation. Genes with repetitively identified variants with segregations were selected for further studies to define the gene-disease association. Results: We identified two heterozygous ATP6V0C mutations (c.64G > A/p.Ala22Thr and c.361_373del/p.Thr121Profs*7) in two unrelated families with six individuals affected by FS or EFS+. The missense mutation was located in the proteolipid c-ring that cooperated with a-subunit forming the hemichannel for proton transferring. It also affected the hydrogen bonds with surround residues and the protein stability, implying a damaging effect. The frameshift mutation resulted in a loss of function by yielding a premature termination of 28 residues at the C-terminus of the protein. The frequencies of ATP6V0C mutations identified in this cohort were significantly higher than that in the control populations. All the six affected individuals suffered from their first FS at the age of 7-8 months. The two probands later manifested afebrile seizures including myoclonic seizures that responded well to lamotrigine. They all displayed favorable outcomes without intellectual or developmental abnormalities, although afebrile seizures or frequent seizures occurred. Conclusion: This study suggests that ATP6V0C is potentially a candidate pathogenic gene of FS and EFS+. Screening for ATP6V0C mutations would help differentiating patients with Dravet syndrome caused by SCN1A mutations, which presented similar clinical manifestation but different responses to antiepileptic treatment.

13.
J Orthop Translat ; 34: 60-72, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35615639

RESUMO

Background: The key focal adhesion protein ß1 integrin plays an essential role in early skeletal development. However, roles of ß1 integrin expression in osteocytes during the regulation of bone homeostasis and mechanotransduction are incompletely understood. Materials and methods: To study the in vivo function of osteocyte ß1 integrin in bone, we utilized the 10-kb Dmp1 (Dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1)-Cre to generate mice with ß1 integrin deletion in this cell type. Micro-computerized tomography, bone histomorphometry and immunohistochemistry were performed to determine the effects of osteocyte ß1 integrin loss on bone mass accrual and biomechanical properties. In vivo tibial loading model was applied to study the possible involvement of osteocyte ß1 integrin in bone mechanotransduction. Results: Loss of ß1 integrin expression in osteocytes resulted in a severe low bone mass and impaired biomechanical properties in load-bearing long bones and spines, but not in non-weight-bearing calvariae, in mice. The loss of ß1 integrin led to enlarged size of lacunar-canalicular system, abnormal cell morphology, and disorientated nuclei in osteocytes. Furthermore, ß1 integrin loss caused shortening and disorientated collagen I fibers in long bones. Osteocyte ß1 integrin loss did not impact the osteoclast activities, but significantly reduced the osteoblast bone formation rate and, in the meantime, enhanced the adipogenic differentiation of the bone marrow stromal cells in the bone microenvironment. In addition, tibial loading failed to accelerate the anabolic bone formation and improve collagen I fiber integrity in mutant mice. Conclusions: Our studies demonstrate an essential role of osteocyte ß1 integrin in regulating bone homeostasis and mechanotransduction. The transnational potential of this article : This study reveals the regulatory roles of osteocyte ß1 integrin in vivo for the maintenance of bone mass accrual, biomechanical properties, extracellular matrix integrity as well as bone mechanobiology, which defines ß1 integrin a potential therapeutic target for skeletal diseases, such as osteoporosis.

14.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 828846, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359575

RESUMO

Objective: Naturally occurring in-frame deletion is a unique type of genetic variations, causing the loss of one or more amino acids of proteins. A number of in-frame deletion variants in an epilepsy-associated gene SCN1A, encoding voltage gated sodium channel alpha unit 1.1 (Nav1.1), have been reported in public database. In contrast to the missense and truncation variants, the in-frame deletions in SCN1A remains largely uncharacterized. Methods: We summarized the basic information of forty-four SCN1A in-frame deletion variants and performed further analysis on six variants identified in our cases with epilepsy. Mutants of the six in-frame deletions and one truncating variant used as comparison were generated and co-transfected with beta-1 and -2 subunits in tsA201 cells, followed by patch clamp recordings. Results: Reviewing all the in-frame deletions showed that they spread over the entire Nav1.1 protein, without obvious "hot spots." The dominant type (54%) was single residue loss. There was no obvious relationship between the length or locations of deletions and their clinical phenotypes. The six in-frame deletions were two single residue deletions (p.M400del and p.I1772del), one microdeletion (p.S128_F130del) and three macrodeletions (p.T303_R322del, p.T160_Y202del, and p.V1335_V1428del). They scatter and affect different functional domains, including transmembrane helices, pore region, and P-loop. Electrophysiological recordings revealed no measurable sodium current in all of the six mutants. In contrast, the truncating mutant p.M1619Ifs*7 that loses a long stretch of peptides retains partial function. Significance: The complete loss-of-function in these shortened, abnormal mutants indicates that Nav1.1 protein is a highly accurate structure, and many of the residues have no redundancy to ion conductance. In-frame deletions caused particularly deleterious effect on protein function possibly due to the disruption of ordered residues.

15.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(3): 033305, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365010

RESUMO

Due to the shortage of the 3He gas and its rapidly increasing price, scintillator detectors, the advantages of which are high spatial resolution and capability of detection in real time, become widely used in many neutron instruments. In this work, a position-sensitive neutron detector consisting of a 6LiF/ZnS scintillation screen and a silicon photomultiplier array linked to a capacitive network to detect the positions of incident neutrons, is constructed and tested. To evaluate the detector performance, a series of neutron beam experiments with the detector prototype were performed in the BL20 at the China Spallation Neutron Source. The spatial resolution was measured, and the energy-selective neutron imaging and Bragg edge measurements of a 316L stainless steel sample were performed. A sub-millimeter spatial resolution could be obtained for the detector prototype under study. The detector with such a high spatial resolution is promising for applications in neutron scattering experimental installations, especially for neutron single-crystal diffractometers.

16.
Small Methods ; 6(6): e2200208, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460215

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with the aggregation-induced emission (AIE) activities exhibit potential applications in the fields of energy and biomedical technology. However, the controllable synthesis of MOFs in the varied particle sizes not only affects their AIE activities, but also restricts their application scenarios. In this work, the varied particle sizes of Eu-MOFs are synthesized by adjusting the synthesis process parameters, and their variation rules combining the single factor analysis method with machine learning technology are studied. Based on the R2 score, the gradient boosting decision tree (GBDT) regression model (0.9535) is employed to calculate the weight and correlation between different synthesis process parameters and it is shown that all these parameters have synergic effects on the particle sizes of Eu-MOFs, and the Eu-precursors concentration dominates in their synthesis process. Furthermore, it is indicated that the large size of Eu-MOFs and strong structural stability contribute to their high AIE activities. Finally, a screen-printed pattern is fabricated using the sample of "120-0.3-6," and this pattern exhibits a bright red fluorescence under the UV light. More importantly, this kind of Eu-MOFs can also be used to identify varied ions (Fe3+ , F- , I- , SO4 2- , CO3 2- , and PO4 3- ) and citric acid.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Íons , Aprendizado de Máquina , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Tamanho da Partícula
17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(8)2022 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458082

RESUMO

Optically anisotropic materials show important advantages in constructing polarization-dependent optical devices. Very recently, a new type of two-dimensional van der Waals (vdW) material, known as α-phase molybdenum trioxide (α-MoO3), has sparked considerable interest owing to its highly anisotropic characteristics. In this work, we theoretically present an anisotropic metamaterial absorber composed of α-MoO3 rings and dielectric layer stacking on a metallic mirror. The designed absorber can exhibit ultra-narrowband perfect absorption for polarizations along [100] and [001] crystalline directions in the visible light region. Plus, the influences of some geometric parameters on the optical absorption spectra are discussed. Meanwhile, the proposed ultra-narrowband anisotropic perfect absorber has an excellent angular tolerance for the case of oblique incidence. Interestingly, the single-band perfect absorption in our proposed metamaterials can be arbitrarily extended to multi-band perfect absorption by adjusting the thickness of dielectric layer. The physical mechanism can be explained by the interference theory in Fabry-Pérot cavity, which is consistent with the numerical simulation. Our research results have some potential applications in designs of anisotropic optical devices with tunable spectrum and selective polarization in the visible light region.

18.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 857786, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401479

RESUMO

Trichinellosis caused by Trichinella spiralis is a worldwide food-borne parasitic zoonosis. Several approaches have been performed to control T. spiralis infection, including veterinary vaccines, which contribute to improving animal health and increasing public health by preventing the transmission of trichinellosis from animals to humans. In the past several decades, many vaccine studies have been performed in effort to control T. spiralis infection by reducing the muscle larvae and adult worms burden. Various candidate antigens, selected from excretory-secretory (ES) products and different functional proteins involved in the process of establishing infection have been investigated in rodent or swine models to explore their protective effect against T. spiralis infection. Moreover, different types of vaccines have been developed to improve the protective effect against T. spiralis infection in rodent or swine models, such as live attenuated vaccines, natural antigen vaccines, recombinant protein vaccines, DNA vaccines, and synthesized epitope vaccines. However, few studies of T. spiralis vaccines have been performed in pigs, and future research should focus on exploring the protective effect of different types of vaccines in swine models. Here, we present an overview of the strategies for the development of effective T. spiralis vaccines and summarize the factors of influencing the effectiveness of vaccines. We also discuss several propositions in improving the effectiveness of vaccines and may provide a route map for future T. spiralis vaccines development.

19.
Exp Gerontol ; 163: 111805, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405247

RESUMO

AIM: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is independently associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential roles of B lymphocyte populations with cardiac remodeling in elderly patients with advanced CKD. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study in a cohort of 167 patients (84 advanced CKD patients with stage 4-5 and 83 non-CKD controls). B cell subsets: CD19(+)CD5(+) and CD19(+)CD5(-) B cells were identified by flow cytometry. Correlation of B cells subsets with cardiac remodeling and clinical data in elderly CKD patients were analyzed. RESULTS: In this study, we found that the prevalence of hypertension was more common in CKD patients than in the control subjects (P < 0.05). Spearman's analysis showed that CD19(+)CD5(+) B cells were negatively correlated with high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), ß2-microglobulin (ß2-MG), serum creatinine (SCr), pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP), high-sensitivity troponin T (TNT-hs), left ventricle end-diastolic dimension (LVDD), left ventricle end-systolic dimension (LVSD) and left ventricular mass (LVM), and CD19(+)CD5(-) B cells were negatively correlated with ß2-MG, SCr, pro-BNP and TNT-hs (P < 0.05). In contrary, left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF) was positively correlated with CD19(+)CD5(+) and CD19(+)CD5(-) B cells (P < 0.05). In addition, patients with higher levels of CD19(+)CD5(+) B cells exhibited lower level of pro-BNP, TNT-hs, interventricular septum (IVS), LVSD and LVM (P < 0.05). Higher levels of CD19(+)CD5(-) B cells also presented lower levels of pro-BNP, TNT-hs and LVSD, but higher levels of LVEF (P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that patients with higher levels of LVSD, lower CD19(+)CD5(+)and CD19(+)CD5(-) B cells counts have a higher risk of all-cause mortality (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that CD19(+)CD5(+) and CD19(+)CD5(-) B lymphocytes were negatively correlated with ventricular hypertrophy-related echocardiographic parameters in advanced CKD patients, which indicated that B lymphocytes might be involved in pathogenesis and improve cardiac remodeling in CKD patients.


Assuntos
Subpopulações de Linfócitos B , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Remodelação Ventricular
20.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2200398, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481900

RESUMO

Besides inducing osteogenic differentiation, the surface modification of poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) is highly expected to improve its angiogenic activity and reduce the inflammatory response in the surrounding tissue. Herein, strontium chondroitin sulfate is first attempted to be introduced into the surface of sulfonated PEEK (SPEEK-CS@Sr) based on the Schiff base reaction between PEEK and ethylenediamine (EDA) and the amidation reaction between EDA and chondroitin sulfate (CS). The surface characteristics of SPEEK-CS@Sr implant are systematically investigated, and its biological properties in vitro and in vivo are also evaluated. The results show that the surface of SPEEK-CS@Sr implant exhibits a 3D microporous structure and good hydrophilicity, and can steadily release Sr ions. Importantly, the SPEEK-CS@Sr not only displays excellent biocompatibility, but also can remarkably promote cell adhesion and spread, improve osteogenic activity and angiogenic activity, and reduce the inflammatory response compared to the original PEEK. Therefore, this study presents the surface modification of PEEK material by simple chemical grafting of strontium chondroitin sulfate to improve its angiogenesis, anti-inflammation, and osteogenic properties, and the as-fabricated SPEEK-CS@Sr has the potential to serve as a promising orthopedic implant in bone tissue engineering.

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