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1.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(28): 8552-8556, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is a rare neurodegenerative disease with high genetic heterogeneity. SCA3 mainly manifests as progressive cerebellar ataxia accompanied by paralysis of extraocular muscles, dysphagia, lingual fibrillation, pyramidal tract sign, and extrapyramidal system sign. However, it rarely has clinical manifestations similar to Parkinson-like symptoms, and is even rarer in patients sensitive to dopamine. We report a patient initially diagnosed with dopamine-responsive dystonia who was ultimately diagnosed with SCA3 by genetic testing, which was completely different from the initial diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 40-year-old Chinese woman was admitted to hospital due to severe inflexibility. At the beginning of the disease, she presented with anxiety and sleep disorder. At the later stage, she presented with gait disorder, which was similar to Parkinson's disease. Her medical history was unremarkable, but her mother, grandmother, and uncle all had similar illnesses and died due to inability to take care of themselves and related complications. Laboratory and imaging examinations showed no abnormalities, but electromyography and electroencephalography revealed delayed somatosensory evoked potentials and slow background rhythm, respectively. Her symptoms fluctuated during the daytime, and we initially diagnosed her with dopamine-responsive dystonia. After treatment with low-dose levodopa, the patient's symptoms were significantly improved, but the final genetic diagnosis was SCA3. CONCLUSION: SCA3 has various clinical phenotypes and needs to be differentiated from Parkinson's syndrome and dopamine-responsive dystonia.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741461

RESUMO

Haploidentical allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is a significant alternative treatment for severe aplastic anaemia (SAA). To improve this process by modifying the risk stratification system, we conducted a retrospective study using our database. 432 SAA patients who received haplo-HSCT between 2006 and 2020 were enrolled. These patients were divided into a training (n = 288) and a validation (n = 144) subset randomly. In the training cohort, longer time from diagnosis to transplantation, poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status and higher haematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) score were independent risk factors for worse treatment-related mortality (TRM) in the final multivariable model. The haplo-HSCT scoring system was developed by these three parameters. Three-year TRM after haplo-HSCT were 6% [95% confidence interval (CI), 1-21%], 21% (95% CI, 7-40%), and 47% (95% CI, 20-70%) for the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk group, respectively (P < 0·0001). In the validation cohort, the haplo-HSCT scoring system also separated patients into three risk groups with increasing risk of TRM: intermediate-risk [hazard ratio (HR) 2·45, 95% CI, 0·92-6·53] and high-risk (HR 11·74, 95% CI, 3·07-44·89) compared with the low-risk group (P = 0·001). In conclusion, the haplo-HSCT scoring system could effectively predict TRM after transplantation.

4.
Br J Haematol ; 195(5): 722-730, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405393

RESUMO

Despite the high cure probability for acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), a minority of patients will relapse and the risk factors for relapse are unclear. We retrospectively analysed 212 patients who were diagnosed with non-high-risk APL and received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic as front-line therapy at Peking University Institute of Hematology from February 2014 to December 2018. A total of 176 patients (83%) received oral arsenic (realgar-indigo naturalis formula) plus ATRA, 36 patients (17%) received arsenic trioxide plus ATRA and 203 patients were evaluable for relapse. After a median (range) follow-up of 53·6 (24·3-85·4) months, two patients had molecular relapse and eight had haematological relapse. A promyelocytic leukaemia/retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARA) transcript level of ≥6·5% at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse (P = 0·031). The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse, event-free survival and overall survival were 5·5%, 92·3% and 96·3% respectively. In conclusion, the present long-term follow-up study further confirmed the high cure probability of ATRA plus oral arsenic as front-line therapy for non-high-risk APL and showed that the PML-RARA transcript level at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse.

5.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(11): 2723-2731, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239051

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between noninherited maternal antigen (NIMA)-mismatched and noninherited paternal antigen (NIPA)-mismatched haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) among patients with hematological malignancies and perform a subgroup analysis. We retrospectively analyzed 378 patients with hematological malignancies who received haplo-HSCT from NIMA-mismatched (n = 201) and NIPA-mismatched (n = 177) donors between January 2012 and December 2017. The cumulative incidence of 100-d grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (19.2% vs. 32.8%, P = 0.003) was significantly lower in NIMA mismatch. Multivariate analysis showed that NIMA mismatch was associated with lower incidence of grades II-IV aGVHD and better overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). According to the subgroup analysis, the clinical outcomes of older and/or female NIMA mismatches were comparable to those of younger and/or male NIPA mismatches with respect to grades II-IV aGVHD, chronic GVHD (cGVHD), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, DFS, and OS. In conclusion, this study confirmed the NIMA effect on aGVHD and demonstrated that NIMA mismatch was associated with better survival. In the NIMA mismatch context, donor age and sex did not seem to influence haplo-HSCT, which provides a basis for the selection of sibling donors.

6.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(3): 443-453, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185250

RESUMO

We performed a retrospective analysis to investigate dynamic peri-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) minimal/measurable residual disease (MRD) on outcomes in patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). A total of 271 patients were enrolled and classified into three groups: unchanged negative MRD pre- and post-HSCT group (group A), post-MRD non-increase group (group B), and post-MRD increase group (group C). The patients in group B and group C experienced a higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (42% vs. 71% vs. 16%, P<0.001) and lower leukemia-free survival (LFS) (46% vs. 21% vs. 70%, P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (50% vs. 28% vs. 72%, P<0.001) than in group A, but there was no significant difference in non-relapse mortality (NRM) among three groups (14% vs. 12% vs. 8%, P=0.752). Multivariate analysis showed that dynamic peri-HSCT MRD was associated with CIR (HR=2.392, 95% CI, 1.816-3.151, P<0.001), LFS (HR=1.964, 95% CI, 1.546-2.496, P<0.001) and OS (HR=1.731, 95% CI, 1.348-2.222, P<0.001). We also established a risk scoring system based on dynamic peri-HSCT MRD combined with remission status pre-HSCT and onset of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This risk scoring system could better distinguish CIR (c=0.730) than that for pre-HSCT MRD (c=0.562), post-HSCT MRD (c=0.616) and pre- and post-MRD dynamics (c=0.648). Our results confirm the outcome predictive value of dynamic peri-HSCT MRD either alone or in combination with other variables for patients with T-ALL.

7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(10): 1199-1208, 2021 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT. METHODS: A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables. RESULTS: All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score. CONCLUSION: This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Linfócitos B , Humanos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante de Células-Tronco
8.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 18(5): 1172-1185, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408344

RESUMO

Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT) achieves superior or at least comparable clinical outcomes to HLA-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) in treating hematological malignancies. To define the underlying regulatory dynamics, we analyzed time courses of leukemia burden and immune abundance of haplo-SCT or MSDT from multiple dimension. First, we employed two nonirradiated leukemia mouse models which carried human AML-ETO or MLL-AF9 fusion gene to establish haplo-identical and major histocompatibility (MHC)-matched transplantation models and investigated the immune cell dynamic response during leukemia development in vivo. We found that haplo-matching the MHCs of leukemia cells with recipient mouse T cells prolonged leukemic mice survival and reduced leukemia burden. The stronger graft-versus-leukemia activity in haplo-SCT group mainly induced by decreased apoptosis and increased cytotoxic cytokine secretion including tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ, pore-forming proteins and CD107a secreted by T cells or natural killer cells. Furthermore, we conducted a prospective clinical trial which enrolled 135 patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia that displayed minimal residual disease before transplantation and underwent either haplo-SCT or MSDT. The results showed that the haplo-SCT slowed the kinetics of the leukemia burden in vivo and reduced the cumulative incidence of relapse compared with MSDT. Ex vivo experiments showed that, 1 year after transplantation, cytotoxic T lymphocytes from the haplo-SCT group had higher cytotoxicity than those from the MSDT group during the same period. Our results unraveled the role of immune cells in superior antileukemia effects of haplo-SCT compared with MSDT.

9.
Clin Transplant ; 35(2): e14160, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine possible predictors and clinical course of mixed chimerism (MC) in aplastic anemia after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 207 transplants were obtained from haploidentical donors (HID) using busulfan (Bu), cyclophosphamide (Cy), and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) regimens, and 69 transplants from matched related donors (MRD) and 29 transplants from unrelated donors (URD) using Cy/ATG regimens were obtained. RESULTS: Incidences of MC were 1.93 ± 0.01%, 20.29 ± 0.01%, and 35.71 ± 0.01% in HID, MRD, and URD transplantation (p < .001). In multivariate analysis, incidence of MC was significantly higher in patients without adding Bu in conditioning (p < .001) and receiving a lower number of CD3 + cells in graft (p = .042). MC was associated with significantly lower II-IV aGvHD (3.70% vs. 27.7%, p = .007), but higher secondary graft rejection rates (14.8% vs. 0.4%, p < .001) and poorer overall survival (72.7 ± 8.9% vs. 89.6 ± 2.0%, p = .011) than those of donor chimerism cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Mixed chimerism was an unsettling status even in non-malignancy. Haploidentical transplantation with more intense regimen by adding Bu to Cy and ATG was associated with reduced MC following HSCT for SAA. An intensified regimen should be explored in matched related or unrelated donors.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Quimerismo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(7): e13793, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741088

RESUMO

The specific description, risk factors, and outcomes of aGVHD in pediatric haplo-HSCT using TCR protocols without PT-Cy have not been well described previously. We evaluated the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of aGVHD in 350 consecutive pediatric patients receiving TCR haplo-HSCT without PT-Cy according to the Glucksberg and NIH aGVHD classifications between January 2015 and December 2017 at Peking University Institute of Hematology. The cumulative incidences of grade I, II, III, and IV aGVHD were 28%, 29.7%, 8.3%, and 5.1%, respectively. The type of aGVHD onset was classic in 243 patients (97.2%), and persistent/recurrent/late-onset aGVHD was in seven patients (2.8%). None of the considered variables significantly influenced the incidence of grade III-IV aGVHD. The 3-year OS, DFS, cumulative incidence of NRM, and relapse in malignant disease between severe aGVHD (III-IV) group and grade 0-II aGVHD group were 61.5% vs 77.2% (P = .027), 58.6% vs 75.1% (P = .014), 19.8% vs 5.3% (P = .002), and 21.6% vs 19.6% (P = .59), respectively; in non-malignant diseases, the 3-year OS, DFS, and NRM were 81.8% vs 97.4% (P = .05), 81.8% vs 97.4% (P = .05), and 18.2% vs 2.6% (P = .05), respectively. Under the protocol of pediatric TCR haplo-HSCT without PT-Cy, the persistent/recurrent/late-onset aGVHD was rare, and the incidence of severe aGVHD was acceptable and significantly contributed to NRM and lower survival in both malignant disease and non-malignant diseases.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Imunidade Celular , Linfócitos T/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Biópsia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adulto Jovem
11.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(3): 548-555, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681258

RESUMO

Large animal models are essential to pre-clinical trials of pulmonary transplantation and bronchial anastomosis poses a great technical challenge to the procedure. Presented here is a simplified continuous two-stitch suture technique into bronchial anastomosis during the course of left single lung transplantation in canine. Animals were divided into three groups with each group having 6 animals. Left single lung transplantation in canine was performed to assess the feasibility of using this technique for bronchial anastomosis. In the control groups, all anastomoses were done by using traditional technique. Allograft functions and hemodynamic parameters were monitored during a 3-h reperfusion period. Quality of bronchial healing and airway complications were assessed by bronchoscopic surveillance after transplantation. We successfully completed left lung transplantation in 18 dogs, and all the dogs survived the procedures. The new technique substantially simplified the procedures for bronchial anastomosis and greatly reduced the time for bronchial anastomosis (P<<0.01) and the ischemic time of the grafts (P<0.05) compared to the control group. The continuous two-stitch suture attenuated the tissue injury to allografts and led to better blood gas exchange function as compared to the control group (P<0.05). Good bronchial healing (Grade I) was observed in all the groups. A canine left single lung transplantation model is feasible by using the novel suture technique, and the new technique is as safe as the traditional method. The technique is easy to learn, particularly for less experienced operators. Simpler and time-saving, the technique has great potential to be widely employed in clinical lung transplantation.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Brônquios/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão/métodos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Animais , Cães , Modelos Animais , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas , Cicatrização/fisiologia
12.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(9): 1655-1662, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504861

RESUMO

The specific description, risk factors, and outcomes of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after T cell-replete (TCR) myeloablative haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) with antithymocyte globulin (ATG)/granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) have not been previously well described. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of cGVHD documented according to the 2014 National Institutes of Health consensus criteria (NIH-CC) in 292 consecutive pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after TCR myeloablative haplo-HSCT with ATG/G-CSF between January 2015 and December 2017. A total of 170 patients experienced cGVHD. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total cGVHD and mild, moderate, and severe cGVHD was 57.9%, 27.5%, 18.8%, and 11.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that acute GVHD (aGVHD) grade II-IV (hazard ratio, 1.578; P = .002) was an independent risk factor for cGVHD. Compared to patients without cGVHD, patients with cGVHD demonstrated a lower 3-year relapse (17.6% versus 27.2%; P = .009), a similar 3-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (5.9% versus 5.4%; P = .79), and better 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) (77.8% versus 66.9%; P = .007) and overall survival (OS) (81.3% versus 68.6%; P = .001), particularly those with mild or moderate cGVHD; however, no significant impact of severe cGVHD on relapse, NRM, DFS, or OS was seen. In conclusion, the incidence of severe cGVHD in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after TCR myeloablative haplo-HSCT with ATG/G-CSF was acceptable. Previous aGVHD grade II-IV was a risk factor for the occurrence of cGVHD. Only mild or moderate cGVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse, translating into improved DFS and OS in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies after TCR myeloablative haplo-HSCT with ATG/G-CSF.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Soro Antilinfocitário , Criança , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
13.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(7): 1326-1336, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385341

RESUMO

To define the efficacy of a single dose of 375 mg/m2 rituximab for DSA-positive patients with 2000 ≤ MFI < 10,000, we enrolled a prospective clinical cohort including patients with positive DSA treated with rituximab (n = 55, cohort A), a matched-pair cohort including cases with negative DSA (n = 110, cohort B) and a historical cohort including subjects with 2000 ≤ MFI < 10,000 without receiving any treatment for DSA (n = 22, cohort C). The incidences of primary poor graft function (PGF) in cohort A and cohort B were 5% and 1% (P = 0.076), respectively, both of which were lower than that in cohort C (27%, P < 0.001, for all). Rituximab was associated with a reduced incidence of primary PGF (HR 0.200, P = 0.023). The 3-year nonrelapse mortality of patients in cohort A and cohort B were 23% and 24%, respectively, both of which were lower than that in the cohort C (37%), although no statistical significance was observed. These results led to a low 3-year overall survival in patients in the cohort C (58%) compared with those in the cohort A (71%) and the cohort B (73%). We suggest that a single dose of rituximab could be effectively used to prevent the onset of primary PGF. The prospective cohort of this study is registered at http://www.chictr.org.cn/ChiCTR-OPC-15006672.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA , Transplante de Rim , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Isoanticorpos , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco
14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(8): 1452-1458, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311479

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of primary prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant (haplo-HSCT). We retrospectively analyzed patients who received haplo-HSCT for various hematologic malignancies at Peking University Institute of Hematology between January 2015 and December 2016. Of the 918 patients, 93 (10.1%) developed primary PT. We designed a propensity score method-based study. For each primary PT patient control subjects (1:3) were selected using a propensity score-matching method. A total of 372 recipients were enrolled in the study: 93 in the PT group and 279 in the control group. Multivariate analysis showed that age older than 25 years (P = .002), median mononuclear cells (P = .000), median CD34+ counts (P = .003), history of grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD; P = .000), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection after haplo-HSCT (P = .016) were independent risk factors for primary PT. Primary PT was significantly associated with higher transplant-related mortality (TRM; P < .001), inferior overall survival (P = .001), and disease-free survival (P = .005). In conclusion, the incidence of primary PT after haplo-HSCT was 10.1%. Primary PT was associated with poorer survival and higher TRM along with older age, grades II to IV acute GVHD, and EBV infection after haplo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Trombocitopenia , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Trombocitopenia/etiologia
15.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(11): 2087-2097, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332920

RESUMO

Stroke is an important complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Nevertheless, few studies have been published to analyzed the occurrence and prognosis of stroke after allo-HSCT. From January 2007 to December 2018 in Peking University People's Hospital, 6449 patients received HSCT and there were 2.3% of patients diagnosed with stroke after allo-HSCT (hemorrhagic: 1.0%, ischemic: 1.3%). The median time to hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke after HSCT was 161 days and 137 days, respectively. In total, 8.4% of patients experienced neurological sequelae. The outcome was much worse in patients with stroke than in control subjects. The comparison of prognosis showed no statistical differences between patients with hemorrhagic stroke and those with ischemic stroke. Significant risk factors for hemorrhagic stroke were pretransplant central nervous system leukemia (CNSL), and delayed platelet engraftment. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of ischemic stroke included high-risk disease, prior venous thromboembolism (VTE), grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Haplo-identical transplantation was not a risk factor for stroke and had no impact on the prognosis compared with HLA-matched HSCT. Altogether, these results show that stroke is a severe complication after allo-HSCT. The prognosis of posttransplant stroke did not differ between hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
16.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 27, 2020 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous reports suggest a benefit associated with haploidentical donor transplantation (HIDT) compared to matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) in certain contexts, and the choice of optimal candidates warrants further investigation. METHODS: We designed a prospective genetically randomized study to evaluate donor options between acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients positive for measurable residual disease (MRD) pre-transplantation who underwent HIDT (n = 169) or MSDT (n = 39). RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of positive MRD post-transplantation was 26% (95% CI, 19-33%) and 44% (95% CI, 28-60%) for HIDT and MSDT, respectively (P = 0.043). Compared to the HIDT cohort, the MSDT cohort had a higher 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR; 47%, 95% CI, 31-63% vs. 23%, 95% CI, 17-29%; P = 0.006) and lower 3-year probability of leukemia-free survival (LFS; 43%, 95% CI, 27-59% vs. 65%, 95% CI, 58-72%; P = 0.023) and overall survival (OS; 46%, 95% CI, 30-62% vs. 68%, 95% CI, 61-75%; P = 0.039), without a difference in non-relapse-mortality (10%, 95% CI, 1-19% vs. 11%, 95% CI, 6-16%; P = 0.845). Multivariate analysis showed that HIDT is associated with a low CIR (HR = 0.364; 95% CI, 0.202-0.655; P = 0.001) and better LFS (HR = 0.414; 95% CI, 0.246-0.695; P = 0.001) and OS (HR = 0.380; 95% CI, 0.220-0.656; P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: HIDT is better than MSDT in view of favorable anti-leukemia activity for patients with pre-transplantation MRD positive ALL. The current study paves the way to determine that haploidentical donors are the preferred choice regardless of available matched sibling donors in a subgroup population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02185261. Registered July 9, 2014. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02185261?term=NCT02185261&draw=2&rank=1.


Assuntos
Seleção do Doador , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Transplante Haploidêntico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Irmãos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Doadores de Tecidos , Transplante Haploidêntico/métodos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Front Oncol ; 10: 320, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32257948

RESUMO

Background: This study compared the effects of pre-transplantation measurable residual disease (pre-MRD) on outcomes in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive ALL patients who underwent human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) or who received unmanipulated haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT). Methods: A retrospective study (n = 202) was performed. MRD was detected by RT-PCR and multiparameter flow cytometry. Results: In the total patient group, patients with positive pre-MRD had a higher 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) than that in patients with negative pre-MRD (26.1% vs. 12.1%, P = 0.009); however, the cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality (NRM) (7.4% vs. 15.9%, P = 0.148), probability of leukemia-free survival (LFS) (66.3% vs. 71.4%, P = 0.480), and overall survival (OS) (68.8% vs. 76.5%, P = 0.322) were comparable. In the MSDT group, patients with positive pre-MRD had increased 4-year CIR (56.4% vs. 13.8%, P < 0.001) and decreased 4-year LFS (35.9% vs. 71.0%, P = 0.024) and OS (35.9% vs. 77.6%, P = 0.011) compared with those with negative pre-MRD. In haplo-SCT settings, the 4-year CIR (14.8% vs. 10.7%, P = 0.297), NRM (7.3% vs. 16.3%, P = 0.187) and the 4-year probability of OS (77.7% vs. 72.3%, P = 0.804) and LFS (80.5% vs. 75.7%, P = 0.660) were comparable between pre-MRD positive and negative groups. In subgroup patients with positive pre-MRD, haplo-SCT had a lower 4-year CIR (14.8% vs. 56.4%, P = 0.021) and a higher 4-year LFS (77.7% vs. 35.9%, P = 0.036) and OS (80.5% vs. 35.9%, P = 0.027) than those of MSDT. Multivariate analysis showed that haplo-SCT was associated with lower CIR (HR, 0.288; P = 0.031), superior LFS (HR, 0.283; P = 0.019) and OS (HR, 0.252; P = 0.013) in cases with a positive pre-MRD subgroup. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the effects of positive pre-MRD on the outcomes of patients with Ph-positive ALL are different according to transplant modality. For Ph-positive cases with positive pre-MRD, haplo-SCT might have strong graft-vs.-leukemia (GVL) effects.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2367, 2020 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047235

RESUMO

The effect of donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSAs) has been recognized as a factor in graft failure (GF) in patients who underwent umbilical cord blood transplantation (UBT), matched unrelated donor transplantation (MUDT), or haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT). Presently, we know little about the prevalence of and risk factors for having anti-HLA antibodies among older transplant candidates. Therefore, we analyzed 273 older patients with hematologic disease who were waiting for haplo-SCT. Among all patients, 73 (26.7%) patients had a positive panel-reactive antibody (PRA) result for class I, 38 (13.9%) for class II, and 32 (11.7%) for both. Multivariate analysis showed that females were at a higher risk for having a PRA result for class II (P = 0.001) and for having antibodies against HLA-C and HLA-DQ. Prior pregnancy was a risk factor for having a PRA result for class I (P < 0.001) and for having antibodies against HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-DQ. Platelet transfusions were risk factors for the following: having a positive PRA result for class I (P = 0.014) and class II (P < 0.001); having antibodies against HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DP, HLA-DQ, and HLA-DR; and having higher mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of PRA for class I (P = 0.042). In addition, previous total transfusions were at high risk for having higher numbers of antibodies to specific HLA loci (P = 0.005), and disease course (7.5 months or more) (P = 0.020) were related to higher MFI of PRAs for class I. Our findings indicated that female sex, prior pregnancy, platelet transfusions and disease courses are independent risk factors for older patients with hematologic disease for having anti-HLA antibodies, which could guide anti-HLA antibody monitoring and be helpful for donor selection.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Haplótipos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Transplante Homólogo
19.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(6): 1068-1075, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932654

RESUMO

The impact of ABO incompatibility on transplantation outcomes in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains controversial without published data. A total of 199 SAA patients receiving haploidentical HSCT from ABO-matched (n = 114), minor ABO-incompatible (n = 47), or major ABO-incompatible donors (n = 38) were included in this study. The median time and cumulative incidences of both myeloid and platelet engraftment in the ABO-compatible and ABO-incompatible groups were similar, and pure red cell aplasia was absent. Minor ABO incompatibility increased the rate of grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (ABO compatible: 6.14 ± 0.05%, minor incompatible: 19.15 ± 0.34%, and major incompatible: 10.53 ± 0.25%; P = 0.051), but did not influence the rates of grade II-IV aGVHD or chronic GVHD (cGVHD). Minor ABO-incompatibility was identified as an independent risk factor for grade III-IV aGVHD by multivariate analysis (hazard ration (HR) = 4.00 (1.48-10.80), P = 0.006). Chronic GVHD, mortality, and treatment failure were not increased in the minor ABO-incompatible group. For SAA patients receiving haploidentical HSCT, ABO compatible donors are better than ABO minor incompatible donors if several haploidentical donors are available.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Incompatibilidade de Grupos Sanguíneos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 98(1): 75-87, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the impact of the pre- and post-minimal residual disease (MRD) status as well as the peri-transplant MRD kinetics on clinical outcomes in pediatric ALL patients who received haploidentical allografts. METHODS: A retrospective study (n = 166) was performed. MRD was determined using multiparameter flow cytometry. RESULTS: Pediatric ALL patients with pre-MRDneg had a lower cumulative incidences of relapse (CIR) compared to those with pre-MRDpos (19.7% vs. 41.2%, P = 0.009). Compared to post-MRDneg group, patients with post-MRDpos experienced higher CIR (81.0% vs. 15.9%, P < 0.001), inferior LFS (14.3% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001) and OS (19.1% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001). In regard to peri-MRD kinetics, compared with the MRD-decreasing group and MRDneg/MRDneg group, MRD-increasing group had higher CIR, lower probabilities of LFS and OS (P < 0.001). Compared to pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group, a higher CIR was found in the pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group (66.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001), pre-MRDpos/post-MRDneg group (32.0% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.016), and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group (91.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001). A lower incidence of LFS and OS were found in pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group than in pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group (P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses confirmed the association of pre-MRD status, post-MRD status, and peri-MRD kinetics with outcomes (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that, in the pediatric ALL subgroup, not only pre-MRD status or post-MRD status but also peri-SCT MRD dynamics, were associated with an increased CIR after haploidentical allografts. Patients are put into different risk group based on MRD kinetics versus single time MRD status. © 2019 International Clinical Cytometry Society.


Assuntos
Aloenxertos/patologia , Aloenxertos/transplante , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos
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