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1.
Cancer Med ; 8(14): 6195-6211, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health concern in China. We report the end-of-study results of a phase II/III trial to assess the efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety of the AS04-human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 vaccine in Chinese women aged 18-25 years followed for up to 72 months after first vaccination. Results of approximately 57 months following first vaccination have been previously reported. METHODS: Healthy 18-25-year-old women (N = 6051) were randomized (1:1) to receive three doses of AS04-HPV-16/18 vaccine or Al(OH)3 (control) at Months 0-1-6. Vaccine efficacy against HPV-16/18 infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), cross-protective vaccine efficacy against infections and lesions associated with nonvaccine oncogenic HPV types, immunogenicity, and safety were assessed. Efficacy was assessed in the according-to-protocol efficacy (ATP-E) cohort (vaccine N = 2888; control N = 2892), total vaccinated cohort for efficacy (TVC-E; vaccine N = 2987; control N = 2985) and TVC-naïve (vaccine N = 1660; control N = 1587). RESULTS: In initially HPV-16/18 seronegative/DNA-negative women, vaccine efficacy against HPV-16/18-associated CIN grade 2 or worse was 87.3% (95% CI: 5.5, 99.7) in the ATP-E, 88.7% (95% CI: 18.5, 99.7) in the TVC-E, and 100% (95% CI: 17.9, 100) in the TVC-naïve. Cross-protective efficacy against incident infection with HPV-31, HPV-33 and HPV-45 was 59.6% (95% CI: 39.4, 73.5), 42.7% (95% CI: 15.6, 61.6), and 54.8% (95% CI: 19.3, 75.6), respectively (ATP-E). At Month 72, >95% of initially seronegative women who received HPV vaccine in the ATP cohort for immunogenicity (N = 664) remained seropositive for anti-HPV-16/18 antibodies; anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 geometric mean titers were 678.1 EU/mL (95% CI: 552.9, 831.5) and 343.7 EU/mL (95% CI: 291.9, 404.8), respectively. Serious adverse events were infrequent (1.9% vaccine group [N = 3026]; 2.7% control group [N = 3025]). Three and zero women died in the control group and the vaccine group respectively. New onset autoimmune disease was reported in two women in the vaccine group and two in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first large-scale randomized clinical trial of HPV vaccination in China. High and sustained vaccine efficacy against HPV-16/18-associated infection and cervical lesions was demonstrated up to Month 72. The vaccine had an acceptable safety profile. Combined with screening, prophylactic HPV vaccination could potentially reduce the high burden of HPV infection and cervical cancer in China. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT00779766.

2.
Cancer Med ; 6(1): 12-25, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27998015

RESUMO

We previously reported the results of a phase II/III, double-blind, randomized controlled study in Chinese women (NCT00779766) showing a 94.2% (95% confidence interval: 62.7-99.9) HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine efficacy (VE) against cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 or higher (CIN1+) and/or 6-month (M) persistent infection (PI) with a mean follow-up of <2 years, and immunogenicity until 7 months post-dose 1. Here, we report efficacy and safety results from an event-triggered analysis with ~3 years longer follow-up, and immunogenicity until M24. Healthy 18-25-year-old women (N = 6051) were randomized (1:1) to receive three doses of HPV-16/18 vaccine or Al(OH)3 (control) at M0, 1, 6. VE against HPV-16/18-associated CIN2+, and cross-protective VE against infections with nonvaccine oncogenic HPV types, immunogenicity, and safety were assessed. In the according-to-protocol efficacy cohort, in initially seronegative/DNA-negative women (vaccine group: N = 2524; control group: N = 2535), VE against HPV-16/18-associated CIN2+ was 87.3% (5.3-99.7); VE against incident infection or against 6-month persistent infection associated with HPV-31/33/45 was 50.1% (34.3-62.3) or 52.6% (24.5-70.9), respectively. At least, 99.6% of HPV-16/18-vaccines remained seropositive for anti-HPV-16/18 antibodies; anti-HPV-16 and -18 geometric mean titers were 1271.1 EU/mL (1135.8-1422.6) and 710.0 EU/ml (628.6-801.9), respectively. Serious adverse events were infrequent (1.7% vaccine group [N = 3026]; 2.5% control group [N = 3026]). Of the 1595 reported pregnancies, nine had congenital anomalies (five live infants, three elective terminations, one stillbirth) that were unlikely vaccination-related (blinded data). VE against HPV-16/18-associated CIN2+ was demonstrated and evidence of cross-protective VE against oncogenic HPV types was shown. The vaccine was immunogenic and had an acceptable safety profile.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Papillomavirus Humano 16/imunologia , Papillomavirus Humano 18/imunologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 12(3): 785-93, 2016 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27149266

RESUMO

This study evaluated the immunogenicity of the human rotavirus (RV) vaccine (RIX4414) when co-administered with routine childhood vaccines in Chinese infants (NCT01171963). Healthy infants aged 6-16 weeks received 2 doses of either RIX4414 or placebo according to a 0, 1-month schedule. Infants received routine diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTPa) and oral poliovirus (OPV) vaccines either separately from or concomitantly with RIX4414/placebo (separate and co-administration cohorts, respectively). Anti-RV IgA seroconversion rates (one month post-dose-2) and seropositivity rates (at one year of age) were measured using ELISA. Immune responses against the DTPa and OPV antigens were measured one month post-DTPa dose-3 in the co-administration cohort. Solicited local and general symptoms were recorded for 8-days post-vaccination (total cohort). The according-to-protocol immunogenicity population included 511 infants in the separate cohort and 275 in the co-administration cohort. One month post-RIX4414 dose-2, anti-RV IgA seroconversion rates were 74.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 68.9-79.9) and 64.2% (95% CI: 55.4-72.3) in the separate and co-administration cohorts; seropositivity rates at one year of age were 71.5% (95% CI: 65.5-77.1) and 50.0% (95% CI: 40.9-59.1), respectively. One month post-DTPa dose-3, all infants in the co-administration cohort were seroprotected against diphtheria and tetanus, and seropositive for pertussis toxoid, pertactin and filamentous haemaglutinin. Two months post-OPV dose-3, seroprotection rates against anti-poliovirus types 1, 2 and 3 were >99% in the co-administration cohort. Reactogenicity profiles were similar in both cohorts. RIX4414 was immunogenic and well-tolerated in Chinese infants and did not appear to interfere with the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of co-administered routine childhood vaccines.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/imunologia , Vacinas contra Poliovirus/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra Poliovirus/imunologia , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/imunologia , Administração Oral , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , China , Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/administração & dosagem , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Lactente , Masculino , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Poliovirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Atenuadas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia
4.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 10(7): 1795-806, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25424785

RESUMO

Immunogenicity and safety of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine were evaluated in healthy Chinese females aged 9-45 years in 2 phase IIIB, randomized, controlled trials. Girls aged 9-17 years (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00996125) received vaccine (n = 374) or control (n = 376) and women aged 26-45 years (NCT01277042) received vaccine (n = 606) or control (n = 606) at months 0, 1, and 6. The primary objective was to show non-inferiority of anti-HPV-16 and -18 immune responses in initially seronegative subjects at month 7, compared with Chinese women aged 18-25 years enrolled in a separate phase II/III trial (NCT00779766). Secondary objectives were to describe the anti-HPV-16 and -18 immune response, reactogenicity and safety. At month 7, immune responses were non-inferior for girls (9-17 years) vs. young women (18-25 years): the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval (CI) for the geometric mean titer (GMT) ratio (women/girls) was below the limit of 2 for both anti-HPV-16 (0.37 [95% CI: 0.32, 0.43]) and anti-HPV-18 (0.42 [0.36, 0.49]). Immune responses at month 7 were also non-inferior for 26-45 year-old women vs. 18-25 year-old women: the upper limit of the 95% CI for the difference in seroconversion (18-25 minus 26-45) was below the limit of 5% for both anti-HPV-16 (0.00% [-1.53, 1.10]) and anti-HPV-18 (0.21% [-1.36, 1.68]). GMTs were 2- to 3-fold higher in girls (9-17 years) as compared with young women (18-25 years). The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine had an acceptable safety profile when administered to healthy Chinese females aged 9-45 years.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Alumínio/administração & dosagem , Hidróxido de Alumínio/efeitos adversos , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/prevenção & controle , Lipídeo A/análogos & derivados , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/imunologia , Criança , China , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Papillomavirus Humano 16/imunologia , Papillomavirus Humano 18/imunologia , Humanos , Lipídeo A/administração & dosagem , Lipídeo A/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Cancer ; 135(11): 2604-11, 2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24740547

RESUMO

Baseline human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and type distribution were evaluated in young Chinese women enrolled in a clinical trial of an HPV vaccine (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT00779766). Cervical specimens and blood samples were collected at baseline from women aged 18-25 years (n = 6,051) from four sites across Jiangsu province. Cervical specimens were tested for HPV DNA by SPF10 PCR-DEIA-LiPA25 version 1, and HPV-16/18 type-specific polymerase chain reaction. Anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 antibody titres were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. At baseline, 15.3% of women were DNA positive for any of 14 HPV high-risk (hr) types (HPV-16/18/31/33/35/39/45/51/52/56/58/59/66/68). The most commonly detected hrHPV types in cervical specimens were HPV-52 (4.0%) and HPV-16 (3.7%). High-risk HPV DNA-positivity increased with severity of cytological abnormalities: 39.3% in atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, 85.0% in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and 97.8% in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL). The hrHPV types most frequently detected in HSIL were HPV-16 (63.0%), HPV-18 (17.4%), HPV-52 (17.4%), HPV-58 (15.2%) and HPV-33 (15.2%). The hrHPV types most frequently detected in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+ were HPV-16 (66.1%), HPV-33 (16.1%), HPV-52 (16.1%), HPV-58 (14.5%) and HPV-51 (11.3%). Multiple hrHPV infections were reported for 24.4% of hrHPV DNA positive women. Regardless of baseline HPV DNA status, 30.5% and 16.0% of subjects were initially seropositive for anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18, respectively. In conclusion, the high baseline seropositivity rate and intermediate prevalence of cervical hrHPV types in Chinese women aged 18-25 years underlines the importance of early HPV vaccination in this population.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Saúde da Mulher , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/prevenção & controle , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colo do Útero/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , DNA Viral/genética , Método Duplo-Cego , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Displasia do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int J Cancer ; 135(11): 2612-22, 2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24740596

RESUMO

This phase II/III, double-blind, randomized trial assessed the efficacy, immunogenicity and safety of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in young Chinese women (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT00779766). Women aged 18-25 years from Jiangsu province were randomized (1:1) to receive HPV vaccine (n = 3,026) or Al(OH)3 control (n = 3,025) at months 0, 1 and 6. The primary objective was vaccine efficacy (VE) against HPV-16/18 associated 6-month persistent infection (PI) and/or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1+. Secondary objectives were VE against virological and clinical endpoints associated with HPV-16/18 and with high-risk HPV types, immunogenicity and safety. Mean follow-up for the according-to-protocol cohort for efficacy (ATP-E) was ∼15 months after the third dose. In the ATP-E (vaccine = 2,889; control = 2,894), for initially HPV DNA negative and seronegative subjects, HPV-16/18 related VE (95% CI) was 94.2% (62.7, 99.9) against 6-month PI and/or CIN1+ and 93.8% (60.2, 99.9) against cytological abnormalities. VE against HPV-16/18 associated CIN1+ and CIN2+ was 100% (-50.4, 100) and 100% (-140.2, 100), respectively (no cases in the vaccine group and 4 CIN1+ and 3 CIN2+ cases in the control group). At Month 7, at least 99.7% of initially seronegative vaccine recipients had seroconverted for HPV-16/18; geometric mean antibody titres (95% CI) were 6,996 (6,212 to 7,880) EU/mL for anti-HPV-16 and 3,309 (2,942 to 3,723) EU/mL for anti-HPV-18. Safety outcomes between groups were generally similar. The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine is effective, immunogenic and has a clinically acceptable safety profile in young Chinese women. Prophylactic HPV vaccination has the potential to substantially reduce the burden of cervical cancer in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/prevenção & controle , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Displasia do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/imunologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China , DNA Viral/genética , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Resultado do Tratamento , Displasia do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 10(1): 11-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24013441

RESUMO

Rotaviruses (RV) are a major cause of severe gastroenteritis (GE) in children aged<5 y. For the first time in China, we assessed the efficacy of two oral doses of the human rotavirus vaccine (RIX4414) in infants during the first two years of life (113808/NCT01171963). Healthy infants aged 6-16 weeks were randomized (1:1) to receive two oral doses of either the RIX4414 vaccine/placebo according to a 0, 1 month schedule. Vaccine efficacy (VE) against severe RVGE was assessed from two weeks post-Dose 2 up until the end of the second RV season and calculated with its 95% confidence intervals (CI). The primary efficacy objective was met if the lower limit of the 95% CI on VE was ≥10%. Unsolicited symptoms reported during the 31-d post-vaccination follow-up period and serious adverse events (SAEs) reported throughout the study were assessed. Of 3333 enrolled infants, 3148 were included in the according-to-protocol efficacy cohort. Over two consecutive RV seasons, fewer severe RVGE episodes were reported in the RIX4414 group (n=21) vs. the placebo group (n=75). VE against severe RVGE was 72% (95% CI: 54.1-83.6); the lower limit of the 95% CI on VE was >10%. The number of unsolicited symptoms and SAEs reported was similar between both groups. Thirteen deaths (RIX4414=6; placebo=7) occurred during the study. All SAEs and deaths in the RIX4414 group were considered unrelated to vaccination. Two oral doses of RIX4414 vaccine provided a substantial level of protection against severe RVGE in Chinese children during the first two years of life.


Assuntos
Placebos/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Rotavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rotavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/imunologia , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Vacinação/métodos , Administração Oral , China/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Feminino , Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Gastroenterite/prevenção & controle , Gastroenterite/virologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Vaccine ; 31(18): 2253-9, 2013 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23499605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A phase III, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in Hong Kong to evaluate the efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of a human rotavirus vaccine, RIX4414 (Rotarix) against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis in children up to three years of age. METHODS: Healthy infants aged 6-12 weeks were enrolled between 08-December-2003 and 31-August-2005 and received two oral doses of either RIX4414 vaccine (N=1513) or placebo (N=1512) given 2 months apart. Vaccine efficacy was assessed from two weeks post-Dose 2 until the children were two and three years of age. Anti-rotavirus IgA seroconversion rate was calculated pre-vaccination and 1-2 months post-Dose 2 using ELISA (cut-off=20 U/mL) for 100 infants. Safety was assessed until the children were two years of age; serious adverse events (SAEs) were recorded throughout the study period. RESULTS: In children aged two and three years of life, vaccine efficacy against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis was 95.6% (95% CI: 73.1%-99.9%) and 96.1% (95% CI: 76.5%-99.9%), respectively. The seroconversion rate 1-2 months after the second dose of RIX4414 was 97.5% (95% CI: 86.8%-99.9%). At least one SAE was recorded in 439 and 477 infants who were administered RIX4414 and placebo, respectively (p-value=0.130). Six intussusception cases were reported (RIX4414=4; placebo=2) and none was assessed to be vaccine-related. CONCLUSION: RIX4414 was efficacious, immunogenic and safe in the prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis for at least two years post-vaccination in Hong Kong children.


Assuntos
Gastroenterite/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Rotavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Gastroenterite/imunologia , Gastroenterite/virologia , Hong Kong , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Lactente , Intussuscepção/induzido quimicamente , Rotavirus , Infecções por Rotavirus/imunologia , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/efeitos adversos
9.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 111(9): 495-503, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23021506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The immunogenicity and safety of the 10-valent pneumococcal nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (H. Influenzae) protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV), co-administered with routine childhood vaccines, were assessed in Taiwanese infants. METHODS: In this open study, 230 healthy infants were primed with three doses of PHiD-CV (Synflorix) and diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, hepatitis B (HBV), inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine) at 1.5, 3 and 6 months of age and two doses of oral human rotavirus vaccine at 1.5 and 3 months. Pneumococcal immune responses were assessed 1 month post-dose three, by 22F-inhibition ELISA and opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) assay. Local and general solicited/unsolicited symptoms and serious adverse events (SAEs) were recorded. RESULTS: At least 95.4% of participants had an antibody concentration ≥ 0.2 µg/mL against each vaccine serotype. At least 96.1% of participants had an OPA titer ≥ 8 against each vaccine serotype except 6B (87.3%). All infants, but one, were seropositive for antibodies against nontypeable H. influenzae protein D. Immune responses to the co-administered vaccines were good and in line with previous reports. PHiD-CV was well tolerated, with low (≤ 6.3%) incidences of grade 3 solicited local symptoms. The frequencies of general symptoms were in line with other pneumococcal conjugate vaccine studies. There were no systematic increases in incidences of solicited general or local symptoms with successive doses. There were no reports of grade 3 fever (rectal temperature > 40 °C) or SAEs considered to be causally related to vaccination. CONCLUSION: PHiD-CV co-administered with routine childhood vaccines within the first 6 months of life, was highly immunogenic, and well tolerated in Taiwanese infants.


Assuntos
Cápsulas Bacterianas/imunologia , Infecções por Haemophilus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus/imunologia , Haemophilus influenzae/imunologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactente , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/imunologia , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Taiwan , Vacinas Conjugadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Conjugadas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Conjugadas/imunologia
10.
Vaccine ; 30(30): 4552-7, 2012 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22497874

RESUMO

RIX4414 (Rotarix™), has shown high efficacy during the first 2-years of life. A 2-year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Singapore, Hong Kong, and Taiwan was extended for another year. Infants (6-17 weeks) received 2-doses (1-2 months apart) of RIX4414 (n=5359) or placebo (n=5349). During the third-year follow-up, 4359 (RIX4414) and 4328 (placebo) infants were monitored. 64 (1.2%) and 2 (0.04%) infants in the placebo and RIX4414 groups, respectively, reported severe rotavirus-gastroenteritis (RVGE), resulting in a vaccine efficacy of 96.9% (95% CI [88.3-99.6]). Efficacy was 100% (67.5-100) in the third-year. RIX4414 was efficacious against G1 (100.0% [84.8-100]) and pooled non-G1 RV types (94.9% [80.2-99.4]). This study shows that the vaccine is highly efficacious, regardless of circulating RV-types, up to the first 3 years of life in affluent Asian urban populations.


Assuntos
Gastroenterite/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Rotavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/administração & dosagem , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Gastroenterite/virologia , Hong Kong , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Singapura , Taiwan , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem
11.
Chin J Cancer ; 30(8): 559-64, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21801604

RESUMO

Globally, about 70% of cervical cancers are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 or HPV-18 infection. A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies in China showed that HPV was present in 98% of cervical cancer samples. The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine Cervarix has shown a high level of protection against HPV-16/18 infections and associated cervical lesions. This phase I trial (NCT00549900) assessed the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of the vaccine in Chinese. Thirty healthy Chinese females, aged 15 to 45 years with a median age of 29.5 years, received three doses of Cervarix in Months 0, 1, and 6. Safety was assessed via recording solicited local and systemic symptoms within 7 days and unsolicited symptoms within 30 days after each vaccination. Serious adverse events, new onset of chronic diseases, and other medically significant conditions were recorded throughout this trial. As an exploratory objective, HPV-16/18 antibody titers were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in serum samples collected in Months 0 and 7. Pain at the injection site was the most frequently reported local symptom. Two subjects reported medically significant adverse events. Both cases were assessed as unrelated to vaccination by the investigator. In Month 7, 100% seroconversion was observed for both anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 with high geometric mean antibody titers. HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine, evaluated for the first time in Chinese females, was generally well tolerated and immunogenic, as previously shown in global studies.


Assuntos
Papillomavirus Humano 16/imunologia , Papillomavirus Humano 18/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Hum Vaccin ; 6(3)2010 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20215881

RESUMO

Pertussis continues to circulate in Chinese communities and older children, adolescents and adults are sources of infection for unprotected infants. Two studies conducted in Jiangsu Province in the People's Republic of China assessed the immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of Boostrix(), a combined reduced antigen content diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine (dTpa) when administered as a booster dose to children 6 to 8 years of age. Immunogenicity was assessed before and one month after vaccination in a subset. Reactogenicity was assessed over a 4-day follow-up using diary cards. A total of 690 Chinese subjects were enrolled. Boostrix() was well tolerated. One month after the booster dose, 100% of dTpa recipients had seroprotective antibody concentrations against diphtheria and tetanus. The percentage of subjects with a response against pertussis antigens (using locally defined cut-offs) was 91.9% for pertussis toxoid, 98.8% for filamentous hemagglutinin, and 100% for pertactin. The exploratory analysis showed no statistically significant differences between dTpa or diphtheria-tetanus vaccine in terms of the percentage of subjects with seroprotective antibodies against diphtheria or tetanus. These studies demonstrate that Boostrix() is well tolerated and immunogenic when administered as a booster dose to 6 to 8 year old Chinese children previously immunized with a combined diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine. Introduction of dTpa into the routine Chinese immunization schedule would provide booster vaccination against pertussis without the addition of further injections into the Chinese vaccination schedule and is likely to promote improved pertussis control in older children.

14.
Vaccine ; 27(52): 7428-35, 2009 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19683087

RESUMO

The immunogenicity and lot-to-lot consistency of an AS03-adjuvanted H5N1 vaccine were evaluated in 1206 Asian adults, randomised to receive two doses of adjuvanted (3.75 microg haemagglutinin) or diluent-mixed vaccines, 21 days apart. Post-Dose 2, 96.0% of vaccinees in the H5N1-AS03 group demonstrated a four-fold increase in neutralising antibody titres against the vaccine strain A/Vietnam/1194/2004 and 91.4% against strain A/Indonesia/05/2005. Haemagglutination-inhibiting antibodies (titre > or = 1:40) against A/Vietnam/1194/2004 and A/Indonesia/05/2005 strains were observed in 94.3% and 50.2% of subjects, respectively. Lot-to-lot consistency of the AS03-adjuvanted vaccine combinations was demonstrated. The AS03-adjuvanted vaccine was well tolerated, induced a high frequency of immune responses to the vaccine strain, allowed antigen sparing and promoted cross-clade immunity. These characteristics make it suitable for presumptive use if an H5N1 pandemic were considered to be imminent.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Feminino , Testes de Hemaglutinação , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/imunologia , Humanos , Imunização Secundária , Virus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Neutralização , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 108(7): 539-47, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19586827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Meningococcal disease, including meningitis and sepsis, usually follows an invasive infection by Neisseria meningitidis, and is a major cause of death and morbidity worldwide. Currently available meningococcal vaccines that consist of pure capsular polysaccharides (serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y) are generally safe and efficacious in adults and children aged > 2 years. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity, safety and reactogenicity of a single dose of GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals' Mencevax ACWY vaccine in healthy Taiwanese subjects aged 2-30 years. METHODS: This open, single center, Phase III study was conducted in Taiwan. A single dose of the Mencevax ACWY vaccine was administered to subjects aged 2-30 years. Immunogenicity and safety of the vaccine were evaluated after vaccination. RESULTS: The immunogenicity results obtained 1 month after vaccination with Mencevax ACWY vaccine indicated that the vaccine elicited a good immune response in vaccinees aged 2-30 years. This was both in terms of functional activity directed against meningococcal polysaccharide (A, C, W-135 and Y) as measured by serum bactericidal assay (> 93% activity against all serogroups), and specific IgG concentrations measured by ELISA (> 96% seropositivity to all serogroups). CONCLUSION: The tetravalent polysaccharide Mencevax ACWY meningococcal vaccine was well tolerated and immunogenic in subjects aged 2-30 years in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Vacinas Meningocócicas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Meningocócicas/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Atividade Bactericida do Sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções Meningocócicas/prevenção & controle , Neisseria meningitidis/imunologia
16.
Hum Vaccin ; 4(1): 50-3, 2008 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18376147

RESUMO

Pertussis vaccines containing reduced amounts of antigen have been considered primarily for use in adolescents and adults to date. We evaluated a reduced antigen content combined diphtheria tetanus acellular pertussis and inactivated polio vaccine (dTpa-IPV) in 6-8 years old children in Taiwan, who had received 4 doses of DTPw (combined diphtheria, tetanus, whole cell pertussis vaccine) and OPV (oral polio vaccine). One month after the booster dose, seroprotection rates and vaccine response rates to all antigens were at least 98.8%, and significant increases in antibody concentrations were observed. Booster vaccination was associated with minor local reactions and systemic symptoms. Symptoms of severe intensity did not occur, with the exception of local pain. The dTpa-IPV vaccine was immunogenic and well tolerated in 6-8 years old children and offers an alternative to the current use of tetanus and diphtheria vaccine and OPV in Taiwan, addressing the established need for repeated booster vaccinations against pertussis at the same time.


Assuntos
Vacina contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche/administração & dosagem , Vacina contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche/imunologia , Imunização Secundária , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado/administração & dosagem , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado/imunologia , Criança , Vacina contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Combinadas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Combinadas/imunologia
17.
J Adolesc Health ; 37(6): 517, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16310132

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Disease caused by Bordetella pertussis is increasingly being identified among older children and adults in immunized populations, indicating a waning of the vaccine-induced immunity. These findings suggest the need for booster immunization of older children and adults. Modern acellular reduced-antigen-content vaccines have been developed, which can be given as a booster in individuals more than 4 years of age. This study was to assess the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of Boostrix, GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals' reduced-antigen-content diphtheria-tetanus acellular pertussis (dTpa) vaccine, when administered as a booster in healthy subjects previously primed with DTP vaccine. METHODS: Healthy Taiwanese children and adolescents aged 6-8 years and 15-20 years, previously primed with DTP vaccine, were enrolled. All received one dose of Boostrix. Two blood samples were taken from each of them, one before vaccination and one at 1 month after vaccination. Serum antibodies to diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against the pertussis components PT, FHA and PRN were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Adverse reactions following vaccination were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 180 subjects were recruited. The vaccine response rates to the pertussis antigens ranged between 89.0-100%. There were no serious adverse events reported during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that Boostrix may be safely and effectively administered as a booster dose to children previously primed with DTP vaccine.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Vacina contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche/efeitos adversos , Vacina contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Formação de Anticorpos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização Secundária , Imunoglobulina G/análise , Masculino , Taiwan
18.
Chang Gung Med J ; 26(5): 315-22, 2003 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12934847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combined vaccines are urgently needed to ensure compliance with the increasing number of recommended vaccines for children. We evaluated the safety and antibody response to a diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis-inactivated poliovirus vaccine/Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV/Hib) combination vaccine administrated to infants at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. METHODS: Sixty healthy infants between 6 and 12 weeks of age were enrolled. One group of vaccines received the DTaP-IPV/Hib in a single injection, while another group concurrently received DTaP-IPV and Hib at separate injection sites. Solicited adverse events were monitored by parental observation and were recorded on a diary card. Levels of serum antibodies to DTaP and polyribosyl-ribitolphosphate-tetanus (PRP-T) antigens were collected before the first vaccine dose and 1 month after the third vaccine dose. RESULTS: The combined-injection group tended to have lower local reactions, and there was no increase in reactogenicity when compared with the separate-injection group. Seroconversion rates were 100% in both groups for all antigens, except for the anti-polio 2 antibody in the combined-injection group (96.4%). The combined-injection group had lower antibody levels of PRP (8.45 microg/ml) than did the separate-injection group (20.61 microg/ml). However, the percentage of vaccines achieving protective levels of antibody to PRP (> or = 0.15 microg/ml or > or = 1.0 microg/ml) was similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: DTaP-IPV/Hib may be safely and effectively administered to healthy infants, using a 2-, 4-, and 6-month vaccination schedule. This combined vaccine is cost-effective, more acceptable to parents and physicians, and minimizes distress to infants.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/imunologia , Haemophilus influenzae tipo b/imunologia , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado/imunologia , Vacinação , Vacinas Combinadas/imunologia , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Cápsulas Bacterianas , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus , Humanos , Lactente , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , Taiwan , Vacinas Combinadas/administração & dosagem
19.
Int J Infect Dis ; 6(3): 202-9, 2002 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12718836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A multicenter, single-blind, randomized, controlled clinical study was conducted in healthy 15-18-month-old children in order to assess the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of three consecutive lots of a new measles- mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, GSK MMR. DESIGN: A total of 500 enrolled subjects were randomized into four groups to receive either a single dose of one of the three lots of GSK MMR (three groups--125 subjects in each group) or Merck MMR vaccine (125 subjects). Once clinical consistency had been demonstrated, the data were pooled and compared with the widely used Merck vaccine. Solicited local and general symptoms were recorded using diary cards, and antibody levels were determined using ELISA assays. RESULTS: No differences in the incidence of local and general symptoms or seroconversion rates were seen in the groups receiving different lots of GSK MMR. Compared with Merck MMR, there was a significantly lower incidence of local pain (P<0.001) and swelling (P=0.038) in infants receiving the GSK MMR vaccine. The incidences of all other solicited local and general symptoms were comparable between the two groups. No signs of suspected meningitis were reported. No serious adverse events were reported by the investigator to be related to vaccination. Equivalent seroconversion rates and postvaccination GMTs were observed in the groups receiving the two MMR vaccines. In conclusion, the new GSK MMR vaccine administered in measles-primed children demonstrated satisfactory immunogenicity and safety profiles as good as the Merck MMR vaccine.


Assuntos
Vacina contra Sarampo-Caxumba-Rubéola/efeitos adversos , Vacina contra Sarampo-Caxumba-Rubéola/imunologia , Sarampo/prevenção & controle , Caxumba/prevenção & controle , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Humanos , Lactente , Vírus do Sarampo/imunologia , Vacina contra Sarampo-Caxumba-Rubéola/administração & dosagem , Vírus da Caxumba/imunologia , Vírus da Rubéola/imunologia , Método Simples-Cego , Vacinação , Vacinas Combinadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Combinadas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Combinadas/imunologia
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