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1.
Microvasc Res ; 139: 104260, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore whether minimally modified low-density lipoprotein (mmLDL) upregulates mesenteric arterial 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B (5-HT1B) receptor expression by activating the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. METHODS: Mice were randomly divided into the following groups: the normal saline (NS), LDL, mmLDL, mmLDL+galiellactone (GL, a JAK2/STAT3 pathway inhibitor), and mmLDL+DMSO groups. The dose-response curve of mesenteric arterial ring constriction after administration of 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT), an agonist of 5-HT1B, was recorded with a microvascular tensiometer. JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT3, p-STAT3, and 5-HT1B receptor protein expression levels were determined by Western blotting. 5-HT1B receptor mRNA levels were measured by RT-PCR. 5-HT1B receptor protein expression was determined by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Injection of mmLDL into the tail vein significantly increased the contractile dose-response curve after 5-CT stimulation, as the Emax was 82.15 ±â€¯6.15% in the NS group and 171.88 ±â€¯5.78% in the mmLDL group (P < 0.01); significantly elevated 5-HT1B receptor mRNA and protein expression levels; and significantly increased p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 protein expression levels. After intraperitoneal injection of GL, the vasoconstrictive response was significantly reduced compared with that in the mmLDL group, as the Emax was decreased to 97.14 ±â€¯1.20% (P < 0.01); 5-HT1B receptor mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly reduced; STAT3 phosphorylation and p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 protein expression were not significantly changed; and 5-HT1B receptor expression was altered via inhibition of p-STAT3 binding to DNA, which suppressed transcription. CONCLUSIONS: mmLDL can upregulate 5-HT1B receptor expression in mouse mesenteric arteries by activating the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

2.
Acta Trop ; 225: 106200, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740636

RESUMO

Schistosomiasis, caused by a parasite with a wide range of mammalian hosts, remains one of the most prevailing parasitic diseases in the world. While numerous studies have reported that the growth and reproduction of schistosomes in immunodeficient mice was significantly retarded, the underlying molecular mechanisms have yet to be revealed. In this study, we comparatively analyzed the microRNA expression of Schistosoma japonicum derived from SCID and BALB/c mice on the 35th day post-infection by high-throughput RNA sequencing as prominent morphological abnormalities had been observed in schistosomes from SCID mice when compared with those from BALB/c mice. The results revealed that more than 72% and 61% of clean reads in the small RNA libraries of female and male schistosomes, respectively, could be mapped to the selected miRs in the miRBase or the sequences of species-specific genomes. Further analysis identified 122 miRNAs using TPM >0.01 as the threshold value, including 75 known and 47 novel miRNAs, 96 of which were commonly expressed across all the four tested schistosome libraries. Comparative analysis of the libraries of schistosomes from SCID and BALB/c mice identified 15 differentially expressed miRNAs (5 up-regulated and 10 down-regulated) among females and 16 among males (9 up-regulated and 7 down-regulated). Integrated analysis of the two sets of differentially expressed miRNAs of female and male worms identified 2 miRNAs (sja-miR-3488 and sja-miR-novel_29) that overlapped between female and male datasets. Prediction of miRNA targets and Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis of the predicted target genes revealed that these genes were involved in some important biological processes, such as nucleic acid metabolic process, macromolecule modification, and cellular aromatic compound metabolic process. The predicted target genes were further matched to the differentially expressed genes in male and female schistosomes from the above two hosts, obtaining 7 genes that may be responsible for regulating the growth, development and sex maturation of schistosomes. Taken together, this study provides the first identification of differentially expressed miRNAs in schistosomes from SCID and BALB/c mice. These miRNAs and their predicted target mRNAs are probably involved in the regulation of development, growth, and maturation of schistosomes. Therefore, this study expands our understanding of schistosome development regulation and host-parasite relationship, and also provides a valuable set of potential anti-schistosomal targets for prevention and control of schistosomiasis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Parasitos , Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica , Animais , Feminino , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos SCID , MicroRNAs/genética , Schistosoma japonicum/genética
3.
Avian Pathol ; : 1-23, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859725

RESUMO

ABSTRACTNumerous studies have shown that viruses can utilize or manipulate ribosomal proteins to achieve viral protein biosynthesis and replication. In our recent studies using proteomics analysis of virus-infected cells, we found that ribosomal protein L18 (RPL18) was the highest up-regulated differentially expressed protein, which was along with the increasingly expressed viral proteins later in Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infection. However, the association of RPL18 with viral protein biosynthesis and NDV replication remains unclear. In this study, we found that the expression and transcription levels of RPL18 was reduced early in NDV infection but increased later in NDV infection. In addition, the presence of cytoplasmic NDV matrix (M) protein was responsible for the increased expression of RPL18 in both virus-infected cells and plasmid-transfected cells. Moreover, cytoplasmic M protein increased RPL18 expression in a dose-dependent manner, even though they did not interact with each other. Furthermore, siRNA-mediated knockdown of RPL18 or overexpression of RPL18 dramatically reduced or enhanced NDV replication by decreasing or increasing viral protein translation rather than viral RNA synthesis and transcription. Taken together, these results suggested that the increased expression of RPL18 might be associated with the physical clumping together of the M protein, which in turn promoted viral protein biosynthesis and NDV replication, thus revealing for the first time the association of RPL18 with NDV M protein was important for viral translation and replication.

4.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855353

RESUMO

The further development of high-performance fluorescent biosensors to image intracellular microRNAs is beneficial to cancer medicine. By virtue of the need for enzymes and hairpin DNA probes, the entropy-driven reaction-assisted signal amplification strategy has shown an enormous potential to accomplish this task. Nevertheless, this good option still meets with poor biostability, low cell uptake efficiency, and unsatisfactory accuracy. On the basis of these challenges, we put forward here a battery of solving pathways. First, the straight DNA probes are anchored onto the vertexes of dual DNA tetrahedrons, and thus the enzyme resistance of the whole sensing system is observably enhanced. A metal-organic framework (ZIF-8 nanoparticle), which can be effectively dissociated into a weakly acidic environment, then is employed as an additional delivery vehicle to encapsulate such a DNA tetrahedron sustained biosensor and finally bring about a more efficient endocytosis. Last, a kind of photocleavage-linker triggered photoresponsive manner is incorporated to achieve an exceptional precise target identification, by which the biosensor can only be initiated under the irradiation of an externally mild 365 nm ultraviolet light source. In accordance with the above efforts, worthy assay performance toward microRNA-196a has given rise to this newly constructed biosensor, whose sensitivity is down to 2.7 pM and also able to distinguish single-base variation. Beyond that, the amplifier can work as a powerful imaging toolbox to accurately determine the targets in living cells, providing a promising intracellular sensing platform.

5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825884

RESUMO

A novel moderately thermophilic, anaerobic, heterotrophic bacterium (strain SY095T) was isolated from a hydrothermal vent chimney located on the Southwest Indian Ridge at a depth of 2730 m. Cells were Gram-stain-positive, motile, straight to slightly curved rods forming terminal endospores. SY095T was grown at 45-60 °C (optimum 50-55 °C), pH 6.0-7.5 (optimum 7.0), and in a salinity of 1-4.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2.5 %). Substrates utilized by SY095T included fructose, glucose, maltose, N-acetyl glucosamine and tryptone. Casamino acid and amino acids (glutamate, glutamine, lysine, methionine, serine and histidine) were also utilized. The main end products from glucose fermentation were acetate, H2 and CO2. Elemental sulphur, sulphate, thiosulphate, sulphite, fumarate, nitrate, nitrite and Fe(III) were not used as terminal electron acceptors. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C14 : 0 (60.5%) and C16 : 0 (7.6 %). The main polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, five unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified aminophospholipids. No respiratory quinones were detected. The chromosomal DNA G+C content was 30.8 mol%. The results of phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that SY095T was closely related to Crassaminicella profunda Ra1766HT (95.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity). SY095T exhibited 78.1 % average nucleotide identity (ANI) to C. profunda Ra1766HT. The in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) value indicated that SY095T shared 22.7 % DNA relatedness with C. profunda Ra1766HT. On the basis of its phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, SY095T is suggested to represent a novel species of the genus Crassaminicella, for which the name Crassaminicella thermophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SY095T (=JCM 34213=MCCC 1K04191). An emended description of the genus Crassaminicella is also proposed.


Assuntos
Fontes Hidrotermais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Clostridiaceae , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Compostos Férricos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fascial autografts, which are easily available grafts, have provided a promising option in patients with massive rotator cuff tears. However, no fascial autografts other than the fascia lata have been reported, and the exact healing process of the fascia-to-bone interface is not well understood. The objective of this study is to histologically and biomechanically evaluate the effect of the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) on fascia-to-bone healing. METHODS: A total of 88 rats were used in this study. Eight rats were sacrificed at the beginning to form an intact control group, and the other rats were divided randomly into 2 groups (40 rats per group): the thoracolumbar fascia augmentation group (TLF group) and the repair group (R group). The right supraspinatus was detached, and a 3*5 mm defect of the supraspinatus was created. The thoracolumbar fascia was used to augment the torn supraspinatus in the TLF group, whereas in the R group, the torn supraspinatus was repaired in only a transosseous manner. Histology and biomechanics were assessed at 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16 weeks postoperatively. RESULTS: The modified tendon maturation score of the TLF group was higher than that of the R group at 8 weeks (23.00 ± 0.71 vs. 24.40 ± 0.89, P=.025) and 16 weeks (24.60 ± 0.55 vs. 26.40 ± 0.55, P≤.001). The TLF group showed a rapid vascular reaction, and the peak value appeared at 1 week. Later, the capillary density decreased, and almost no angiogenesis was observed at 8 weeks postoperatively. Immunohistochemistry results demonstrated a significantly higher percentage of collagen I in the TLF group at 4, 8 and 16 weeks (24.78% ± 2.76% vs. 20.67% ± 2.11% at 4 weeks, p=.046; 25.46% ± 1.77% vs. 21.49% ± 2.33% at 8 weeks, p=.026; 34.77% ± 2.25% vs. 30.01% ± 3.17% at 16 weeks, p=.040) postoperatively. Biomechanical tests revealed that the ultimate failure force in the TLF group was significantly higher than that in the R group at the final evaluation (29.13 ± 2.49 N vs. 23.10 ± 3.47 N, p=.022). CONCLUSIONS: The TLF autograft can promote a faster biological healing process and a better fixation strength. It could be used as an alternative reinforcement or bridging patch when the fascia lata is not appropriate or available for SCR. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Basic Science Study; Histology and Biomechanics.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772502

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have been recognized as a new type of promising visible-light-driven photocatalysts for H2 evolution, while it still is a key point to facilitate the separation and transfer of photoinduced charges for further enhancing their activities. In this work, we fabricated a new type of ternary Pt/rGO/COF photocatalysts with Pt cocatalyst precisely anchored on rGO serving as electron collector for largely enhanced H2 evolution. A series of ternary hybrid materials were obtained via one-pot photoreduction of Pt4+ and GO under visible-light irradiation in a solution the same as photocatalytic H2 evolution reaction and simultaneous self-assembling of rGO/COF heterostructure. No need isolation, the synthetic system could be further used for photocatalytic H2 evolution reaction and the results show the H2 evolution rate of Pt/rGO(20%)/TpPa-1-COF hybrid material is 19.59 mmol·g-1·h-1, 6.51 times higher than that of Pt/TpPa-1-COF. The essential role of the exclusively distributed Pt nanoparticles on rGO to the high H2 evolution activity was confirmed by various comparisons of activity for the samples with diverse Pt distribution.

8.
Hepatology ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (HIR) injury, a common clinical complication of liver transplantation and resection, affects patient prognosis. RNF5 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that plays important roles in endoplasmic reticulum stress, unfolded protein reactions, and inflammatory responses; however, its role in HIR is unclear. APPROACH & RESULTS: RNF5 expression was significantly downregulated during HIR in mice and hepatocytes. Subsequently, RNF5 knockdown and overexpression cell lines were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation challenge. The results shown that RNF5 knockdown significantly increased hepatocyte inflammation and apoptosis, while RNF5 overexpression had the opposite effect. Furthermore, hepatocyte-specific RNF5 knockout and transgenic mice were established and subjected to HIR, and RNF5 deficiency markedly aggravated liver damage, cell apoptosis, and activated hepatic inflammatory responses. While hepatic RNF5 transgenic mice had the opposite effect compared with RNF5 knockout mice. Mechanistically, RNF5 interacted with PGAM5 and mediated the degradation of PGAM5 through K48-linked ubiquitination, thereby inhibiting the activation of ASK1 and its downstream JNK/p38. This eventually suppresses the inflammatory response and cell apoptosis in HIR. CONCLUSION: We revealed that RNF5 protected against HIR via its interaction with PGAM5 to inhibit the activation of ASK1 and the downstream JNK/p38 signaling cascade. Our findings indicate that the RNF5-PGAM5 axis may be a promising therapeutic target for HIR.

9.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 15: 2497-2508, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795477

RESUMO

Objective: To analyse diabetes treatment, treatment change and self-management behaviours in association with 2-year glycaemic trajectories in patients with non-newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese primary care. Methods: This was an observational, multi-centre, longitudinal, retrospective cohort study. Clinical data of 4690 subjects were extracted from electronic medical records, including serial glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurements, antidiabetic medication records and compliance to exercise, diet, medications and self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). Patterns of longitudinal HbA1c trajectories were identified using the percentage of HbA1c measurements <7.5% from the second available HbA1c measurement. Clinical relevance of the clusters was assessed through multivariable analysis. Results: Approximately half of the participants demonstrated good glycaemic control; of these, 34.5% demonstrated stable, good control, and 13.7% demonstrated relatively good control. About 16.2% demonstrated moderate control, and 35.6% demonstrated poor control. From the good to poor control groups, the percentage of subjects treated with insulin at baseline and during the follow-up period increased gradually, while the percentage of subjects adhering to exercise, diet, medications and SMBG decreased gradually. Compared with baseline, the adherence to exercise, diet, medications and SMBG improved significantly. Approximately 50% and 26% of subjects in the two poorest control groups, respectively, experienced treatment changes. After multivariable adjustments, baseline HbA1c ≥7.5%, HbA1c change ≥-0.5% from baseline to visit 1, insulin treatment, treatment change, poor adherence to diet, exercise, SMBG during the follow-up period and HbA1c measurements <3 per year were significantly associated with poorer glycaemic control. Conclusion: We identified four longitudinal HbA1c trajectories in patients with non-newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Even if baseline HbA1c is suboptimal, aggressive treatment changes, good adherence during the follow-up period, ≥3 HbA1c measurements per year and reducing HbA1c levels to a certain extent by the first follow-up visit were important for good, stable, long-term glycaemic control.

10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 949, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781961

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tendon diseases and injuries are a serious problem for the aged population, often leading to pain, disability and a significant decline in quality of life. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of aging on biochemistry and histology during tendon healing and to provide a new strategy for improving tendon healing. METHOD: A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into a young and an aged group. A rat patellar tendon defect model was used in this study. Tendon samples were collected at weeks 2 and 4, and hematoxylin-eosin, alcian blue and immunofluorescence staining were performed for histological analysis. Meanwhile, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot were performed to evaluate the biochemical changes. RESULTS: The histological scores in aged rats were significantly lower than those in young rats. At the protein level, collagen synthesis-related markers Col-3, Matrix metalloproteinase-1 and Metallopeptidase Inhibitor 1(TIMP-1) were decreased at week 4 in aged rats compared with those of young rats. Though there was a decrease in the expression of the chondrogenic marker aggrecan at the protein level in aged tendon, the Micro-CT results from weeks 4 samples showed no significant difference(p>0.05) on the ectopic ossification between groups. Moreover, we found more adipocytes accumulated in the aged tendon defect with the Oil Red O staining and at the gene and protein levels the markers related to adipogenic differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that tendon healing is impaired in aged rats and is characterized by a significantly lower histological score, decreased collagen synthesis and more adipocyte accumulation in patellar tendon after repair.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Cicatrização , Envelhecimento , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tendões
12.
Inorg Chem ; 60(22): 17364-17370, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710323

RESUMO

The unity of structure-property design and practical synthesis is a key to develop nonlinear optical (NLO) materials. However, many designed structures are hard to get because of the incapability of controlling the arrangement of structural motifs. After careful synthesis, we successfully obtained a new NLO crystal with expected properties, KWO3F, which features a long-range anion-ordered while directed parallel arrangement of [WO5F] d0 transition metal fluorooxo-functional (d0 [TMOF]) motifs. This arrangement is vital to achieve a strong second-harmonic generation (SHG) response, which is proved by dipole moment analyses and theoretical calculations. Remarkably, KWO3F possesses a strong phase-matching SHG response (3 × KDP), high thermal stability (stable up to 350 °C in air), a large laser damage threshold (LDT, 129.7 MW/cm2), a wide transparent window (0.5-10 µm), and a suitable birefringence (0.088 @ 1064 nm). Our research demonstrated that the introduction of the NLO-active d0 [TMOF] motif is an effective strategy to design new potential NLO materials.

13.
China CDC Wkly ; 3(27): 576-580, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594939

RESUMO

What is already known on this topic? The demand for containing the virus and protecting the economy is high on the agenda of policymakers during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Modelling studies indicated that highly effective contact tracing and case isolation were enough to contain the spread of COVID-19 at the early stages, but this has not been validated in real world contexts. What is added by this report? Integrated case finding approaches, including outpatient monitoring, exposed people quarantining, and contact tracing, effectively contained the spread of COVID-19 in a densely populated district in Shanghai Municipality, China. Active case-finding involving quarantine of exposed persons and contact tracing could reduce the time from symptom onset to COVID-19 diagnosis, thus reducing the risk of local transmission. What are the implications for public health practice? Active case-finding should be prioritized as an effective approach to minimize the risk of local transmission in future pandemics. Integrated COVID-19 case finding approaches applied in Shanghai may inform public health policy in other regions where strict lockdown is not applicable.

14.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 614, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) play a vital role in tendon repair and regeneration. Previously we found more adipocytes accumulated in the patellar tendon injury sites in aging rats compared with the young ones, of which the mechanism is still unknown. Here, we want to identify whether erroneous differentiation of TSPCs by aging accounts for the adipocyte accumulation. METHODS: TSPCs from young and aging rats were isolated and propagated. Both young and aging TSPCs were induced to differentiate into adipocytes, and Oil red O staining, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western-blot and immunofluorescent staining were used to evaluate the capability of TSPCs. RNA sequencing was utilized to screen out different genes and signaling pathways related to adipogenesis between young and aging TSPCs. RESULTS: The Oil red O staining showed there were more adipocytes formed in young TSPCs. Besides, adipogenic markers perilipin, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins alpha (C/EBPα) and Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) were elevated both at gene and protein level. PPARγ signaling pathway was selected as our target via RNA sequencing. After adding the signaling activators, Rosiglitazone maleate (RM), inhibited adipogenesis of aging TSCs was reversed. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, aging inhibited adipogenesis of TSPCs by down-regulating PPARγ signaling. It is not likely that the adipocyte accumulation in aging tendon during repair was due to the aging of TSPCs. This may provide new targets for curing aging tendon injuries or tendinopathies.

15.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e052668, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vietnam is an endemic area for hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection (HBV-HCV), yet its largest city, Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), has no comprehensive policy to educate, screen, treat and protect healthcare workers (HCWs) from viral hepatitis. We conducted a mixed-methods study to document HBV-HCV infection rates, risk factors, local barriers and opportunities for providing education, screening and medical care for HCWs. DESIGN: This mixed-methods study involved an HBV and HCV serological evaluation, knowledge, attitude and practice survey about viral hepatitis and many in-depth interviews. Descriptive statistics and thematic content analysis using inductive and deductive approaches were used. SETTING: HCMC, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: HCWs at risk of viral hepatitis exposure at three hospitals in HCMC. RESULTS: Of the 210 invited HCWs, 203 were enrolled. Of the 203 HCWs enrolled, 20 were hepatitis B surface antigen-positive, 1 was anti-hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV Ab)-positive, 57 were anti-hepatitis B core Ab-positive and 152 had adequate anti-hepatitis B surface Ab (anti-HBs Ab) titre (≥10IU/mL). Only 50% of the infected HCWs reported always using gloves during a clinical activity involving handling of blood or bodily fluid. Approximately 50% of HCWs were still not vaccinated against HBV following 1 year of employment. In-depth interviews revealed two major concerns for most interviewees: the need for financial support for HBV-HCV screening and treatment in HCWs and the need for specific HBV-HCV guidelines to be independently developed. CONCLUSIONS: The high HBV infection rate in HCWs coupled with inadequate preventive occupational practices among the population in HCMC highlight the urgent needs to establish formal policy and rigorous education, screening, vaccination and treatment programmes to protect HCWs from HBV acquisition or to manage those living with chronic HBV in Vietnam.


Assuntos
Hepatite B , Hepatite Viral Humana , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pessoal de Saúde , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Hepatite Viral Humana/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Vietnã
16.
Chemistry ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651354

RESUMO

Nonlinear optical (NLO) crystals are widely applied in information technology, micro-manufacturing and medical treatment. Herein, a new lead mixed halide with strong second-harmonic generation (SHG) response, Cs3 Pb2 (CH3 COO)2 Br3 I2 , has been designed and rationally synthesized. Cs3 Pb2 (CH3 COO)2 Br3 I2 represents the rare NLO crystal featuring that three different anions (I- , Br- and O2- ) simultaneously coordinate the Pb(II) atom to form a severely distorted [PbBr2 I2 O2 ] polyhedron with a large polarizability. Remarkably, Cs3 Pb2 (CH3 COO)2 Br3 I2 not only exhibits a very strong phase-matching SHG response of 9×KH2 PO4 (KDP), but also possesses a large birefringence (0.27@1064 nm) and high laser damage threshold (LDT). The strong SHG effect of Cs3 Pb2 (CH3 COO)2 Br3 I2 mainly originates from the oriented arrangement of [Pb2 Br3 I2 ] chains. This study points out an effective strategy to develop new NLO crystals with strong SHG response.

17.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-7, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622754

RESUMO

Differences in physical activity (PA) might lead to long-term weight control. Studies on inverse relations between PA and changes in fatness among adolescents are limited. This paper examined the effect of PA on adolescents' changing body fatness over 5 years in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). Two hundred thirty-five boys and 247 girls who have had skinfold thickness measurements in the baseline survey in 2004 were selected to follow yearly. We estimated PA as the average number of accelerometers' counts/h. Slopes of triceps, sub-scapular skinfolds and BMI were calculated and classified as increasing or stable/decreasing. To assess the effects of the low level of activity (i.e. below the median of the average number of counts) on the fat gain (i.e. increasing slopes), relative risk and 95 % CI were estimated using Poisson regression. The average number of counts/h in boys (7·8) was significantly higher than that in girls (5·0) (P < 0·001). On average, active girls still gained 0·51 mm in triceps skinfold (TSF) over 5 years, while active boys lost 0·12 mm. After controlling for baseline energy intake, baseline triceps and baseline age, inactive adolescents were 1·39 times higher than active ones to increase the slope of triceps (95 % CI 1·19, 1·63). The risk ratio was 1·62 for those with more body fat at baseline. In general, inactive students gained substantially more subcutaneous fat, especially in their TSF, than more active ones. Thus, strategies to prevent adolescent obesity in HCMC should consider the important role of PA to control this problem in adolescents effectively.

18.
Anal Chem ; 93(37): 12514-12523, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490773

RESUMO

Despite that the currently discovered CRISPR-Cas12a system is beneficial for improving the detection accuracy and design flexibility of luminescent biosensors, there are still challenges to extend target species and strengthen adaptability in complicated biological media. To conquer these obstacles, we present here some useful strategies. For the former, the limitation to nucleic acids assay is broken through by introducing a simple functional DNA regulation pathway to activate the unique trans-cleavage effect of this CRISPR system, under which the expected biosensors are capable of effectively transducing a protein (employing dual aptamers) and a metal ion (employing DNAzyme). For the latter, a time-gated luminescence resonance energy transfer imaging manner using a long-persistent nanophosphor as the energy donor is performed to completely eliminate the background interference and a nature-inspired biomimetic periodic chip constructed by photonic crystals is further combined to enhance the persistent luminescence. In line with the above efforts, the improved CRISPR-Cas12a luminescent biosensor not only exhibits a sound analysis performance toward the model targets (carcinoembryonic antigen and Na+) but also owns a strong anti-interference feature to actualize accurate sensing in human plasma samples, offering a new and applicative analytical tool for laboratory medicine.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Biomimética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , DNA/genética , Humanos , Luminescência
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558054

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19 has caused increasing public attention to laboratory-acquired infections (LAIs), especially for a mobile Bio-Safety Level 4 Lab (BSL-4) with high potential of exposure. In this paper, the distribution and removal mechanism of bioaerosols in the biosafety laboratory were studied. A simulation model of airflow distribution in the opening and closing state of air-tight door was established and verified. The results showed that the airflow entrainment velocity during the opening of the door was approximately 0.12 m/s. It increased the probability of vortex generation in the laboratory. The deposition rate of particles was doubled when the air-tight door opening is compared with air-tight door closing. Besides, nearly 80% of the particles deposited on the surface of the wall and ceiling, increasing the possibility of LAIs. The findings of this paper could provide new scientific methods for high-level biosafety laboratories to avoid cross-infection. Moreover, future work regarding air-tight door rotation speed regulation and control should be emphasized.

20.
Crit Care Med ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sepsis remains a highly lethal disease, whereas the precise reasons for death remain poorly understood. Prokineticin2 is a secreted protein that regulates diverse biological processes. Whether prokineticin2 is beneficial or deleterious to sepsis and the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. DESIGN: Prospective randomized animal investigation and in vitro studies. SETTING: Research laboratory at a medical university hospital. SUBJECTS: Prokineticin2 deficiency and wild-type C57BL/6 mice were used for in vivo studies; sepsis patients by Sepsis-3 definitions, patient controls, and healthy controls were used to obtain blood for in vitro studies. INTERVENTIONS: Prokineticin2 concentrations were measured and analyzed in human septic patients, patient controls, and healthy individuals. The effects of prokineticin2 on sepsis-related survival, bacterial burden, organ injury, and inflammation were assessed in an animal model of cecal ligation and puncture-induced polymicrobial sepsis. In vitro cell models were also used to study the role of prokineticin2 on antibacterial response of macrophages. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Prokineticin2 concentration is dramatically decreased in the patients with sepsis and septic shock compared with those of patient controls and healthy controls. Furthermore, the prokineticin2 concentration in these patients died of sepsis or septic shock is significantly lower than those survival patients with sepsis or septic shock, indicating the potential value of prokineticin2 in the diagnosis of sepsis and septic shock, as well as the potential value in predicting mortality in adult patients with sepsis and septic shock. In animal model, recombinant prokineticin2 administration protected against sepsis-related deaths in both heterozygous prokineticin2 deficient mice and wild-type mice and alleviated sepsis-induced multiple organ damage. In in vitro cell models, prokineticin2 enhanced the phagocytic and bactericidal functions of macrophage through signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 pathway which could be abolished by signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 inhibitors S3I-201. Depletion of macrophages reversed prokineticin2-mediated protection against polymicrobial sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: This study elucidated a previously unrecognized role of prokineticin2 in clinical diagnosis and treatment of sepsis. The proof-of-concept study determined a central role of prokineticin2 in alleviating sepsis-induced death by regulation of macrophage function, which presents a new strategy for sepsis immunotherapy.

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