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1.
World Neurosurg ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-grade gliomas are treated following standard protocol; However, tumor recurrence is almost inevitable. Recurrent high-grade gliomas have an extremely poor prognosis, and there are no clear treatment guidelines. In this study we evaluated the safety and effectiveness of intraoperative radiotherapy for recurrent high-grade glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, randomized study begun April 2018, patients ≥ 18 years of age with a Karnofsky function status > 50, and recurrent high-grade glioma were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to tumor resection and IORT or tumor resection alone. RESULTS: There were 22 patients allocated to the IORT group and 21 patients allocated to receive surgery only (Operation group). And finally clinical data of 42 enrolled patients were involved in the analysis. The progression-free survival (PFS) of the IORT group was 9.6 months and of the operation group was 7.3 months (P=0.018), and the overall survival of the two groups was 13.5 months and 10.2 months, respectively (P=0.054). Univariate and multivariate analysis indicated that preoperative KPS > 70 and IORT were protective factors for patients with recurrent high-grade glioma. A patient who underwent conventional fractionated radiotherapy within 6 months of receiving IORT died on the ninth day after undergoing tumor resection and IORT because of severe cerebral edema. The total operation time was longer in the IORT group, but there were no differences in intraoperative bleeding or adverse events between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: IORT with low-energy x-ray at a dose of 30-40 Gy is generally safe and effective for patients with recurrent glioma. However, IORT should not be performed for patients who have received conventional fractionated radiotherapy within 6 months.

2.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650953

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Glioma is the most common primary tumor in the central nervous system, and prognostic biomarkers are still lacking. HIC ZBTB transcriptional repressor 2 (HIC2) is a hypermethylated gene that plays an important functional role in cardiac development. However, the actual role of HIC2 in glioma progression remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the function of HIC2 and whether it could be a prognostic biomarker in glioma. METHODS: The DNA methylation and mRNA expression profiles of HIC2 were downloaded from public databases. The prognostic prediction ability and mechanism research of HIC2 were evaluated. RESULTS: We found that HIC2 was hypermethylated and expressed at low levels in glioma samples. Hypermethylation and low expression of HIC2 predicted poor prognosis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis suggested that HIC2 was an independent prognostic factor for gliomas. Co-IP assays demonstrated that HIC2 interacts with RNF44, and dual-luciferase reporter assays and ChIP assays revealed that HIC2 transcriptionally inhibits PTPRN2 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that HIC2 represents a tumor suppressor gene and prognostic biomarker for glioma progression and that overexpression of HIC2 inhibits the proliferation of glioma in vitro and in vivo by interacting with RNF44 and PTPRN2.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(2): 1097-1107, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606703

RESUMO

Optogenetics has revolutionized neuroscience understanding by allowing spatiotemporal control over cell-type specific neurons in neural circuits. However, the sluggish development of noninvasive photon delivery in the brain has limited the clinical application of optogenetics. Focused ultrasound (FUS)-derived mechanoluminescence has emerged as a promising tool for in situ photon emission, but there is not yet a biocompatible liquid-phase mechanoluminescence system for spatiotemporal optogenetics. To achieve noninvasive optogenetics with a high temporal resolution and desirable biocompatibility, we have developed liposome (Lipo@IR780/L012) nanoparticles for FUS-triggered mechanoluminescence in brain photon delivery. Synchronized and stable blue light emission was generated in solution under FUS irradiation due to the cascade reactions in liposomes. In vitro tests revealed that Lipo@IR780/L012 could be triggered by FUS for light emission at different stimulation frequencies, resulting in activation of opsin-expressing spiking HEK cells under the FUS irradiation. In vivo optogenetic stimulation further demonstrated that motor cortex neurons could be noninvasively and reversibly activated under the repetitive FUS irradiation after intravenous injection of lipid nanoparticles to achieve limb movements.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Optogenética , Optogenética/métodos , Luz , Fótons , Neurônios/fisiologia
4.
ISME J ; 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593260

RESUMO

Sulfoquinovose (SQ) is one of the most abundant organosulfur compounds in the biosphere, and its biosynthesis and degradation can represent an important contribution to the sulfur cycle. To data, in marine environments, the microorganisms capable of metabolising SQ have remained unidentified and the sources of SQ are still uncertain. Herein, the marine Roseobacter clade bacteria (RCB) Dinoroseobacter shibae DFL 12 and Roseobacter denitrificans OCh 114 were found to grow using SQ as the sole source of carbon and energy. In the presence of SQ, we identified a set of highly up-regulated proteins encoded by gene clusters in these two organisms, of which four homologues to proteins in the SQ monooxygenase pathway of Agrobacterium fabrum C58 may confer the ability to metabolise SQ to these marine bacteria. The sulfite released from SQ desulfonation by FMN-dependent SQ monooxygenase (SmoC) may provide bacteria with reduced sulfur for assimilation, while proteins associated with sulfite production via assimilatory sulfate reduction were significantly down-regulated. Such SQ catabolic genes are restricted to a limited number of phylogenetically diverse bacterial taxa with the predominate genera belonging to the Roseobacter clade (Roseobacteraceae). Moreover, transcript analysis of Tara Oceans project and coastal Bohai Sea samples provided additional evidence for SQ metabolism by RCB. SQ was found to be widely distributed in marine phytoplankton and cyanobacteria with variable intracellular concentrations ranging from micromolar to millimolar levels, and the amounts of SQ on particulate organic matter in field samples were, on average, lower than that of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) by one order of magnitude. Together, the phototroph-derived SQ actively metabolised by RCB represents a previously unidentified link in the marine sulfur cycle.

5.
Nanoscale ; 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36636950

RESUMO

As a typical broad bandgap semiconductor, ZnO has received considerable attention for developing optoelectronic devices in ultraviolet wavelengths, but suffers from a lack of high-quality single-crystalline p-type ZnO. Herein, we report the realization of a homojunction ultraviolet photodetector, which involves a p-type Sb-doped ZnO microwire (ZnO:Sb MW) and n-type ZnO layer. The p-type conductivity of the as-synthesized ZnO:Sb MWs was evidenced using an individual wire field-effect transistor. Due to its good rectifying ability and excellent photovoltaic effect, the constructed p-ZnO:Sb MW/n-ZnO homojunction is able to work as an ultraviolet photodetector in self-biased and reversely biased manners. By appropriately engineering the band alignment of the p-ZnO:Sb/n-ZnO homojunction via a MgO interface modification layer, the optimized photodetector exhibits performance-enhanced ultraviolet detection capabilities, such as the light on/off ratio reaching up to 1.6 × 108, responsivity of over 267 mA W-1 and specific detectivity of approximately 1.2 × 1014 Jones upon 365 nm light illumination at 0 V. The detector also produces faster response with rise/recovery times of 102 µs/3.6 ms. This study not only employed a novel method to synthesize genuine p-type ZnO with excellent stability and reproducibility, but also opened up substantial opportunities for developing high-performance ZnO homojunction optoelectronic devices.

6.
Redox Biol ; 60: 102606, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of MYL4 regulation of lysosomal function and its disturbance in fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy. BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that the atrial-specific essential light chain protein MYL4 is required for atrial contractile, electrical, and structural integrity. MYL4 mutation/dysfunction leads to atrial fibrosis, standstill, and dysrhythmia. However, the underlying pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats subjected to knock-in of a pathogenic MYL4 mutant (p.E11K) developed fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy. Proteome analysis and single-cell RNA sequencing indicate enrichment of autophagy pathways in mutant-MYL4 atrial dysfunction. Immunofluorescence and electron microscopy revealed undegraded autophagic vesicles accumulated in MYL4p.E11K rat atrium. Next, we identified that dysfunctional MYL4 protein impairs autophagy flux in vitro and in vivo. Cardiac lysosome positioning and mobility were regulated by MYL4 in cardiomyocytes, which affected lysosomal acidification and maturation of lysosomal cathepsins. We then examined the effects of MYL4 overexpression via adenoviral gene-transfer on atrial cardiomyopathy induced by MYL4 mutation: MYL4 protein overexpression attenuated atrial structural remodeling and autophagy dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: MYL4 regulates autophagic flux in atrial cardiomyocytes via lysosomal mobility. MYL4 overexpression attenuates MYL4 p.E11K induced fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy, while correcting autophagy and lysosomal function. These results provide a molecular basis for MYL4-mutant induced fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy and identify a potential biological-therapy approach for the treatment of atrial fibrosis.

7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 57(1): 626-634, 2023 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36511650

RESUMO

Conventional Fenton treatment is fundamentally impractical for large-scale applications, as the consumption of Fe(II), H2O2, and pH regulators and the accumulation of iron hydroxide sludge are very costly. This paper describes a new method for Fenton treatment of complex wastewater without additional dosing of Fe(II) and H2O2, without iron-sludge accumulation, and with less consumption of pH regulators, using a novel bioelectrode system. Our new system includes a novel three-chamber microbial electrolysis unit and Fenton reaction unit, where Fenton reagents are generated by biotic and abiotic cathodes, while the bioanode simultaneously degrades biodegradable organics from the wastewater. The system's self-alkalinity buffering also waives the need for pH regulators. Dissolved organic carbon and 22 specific recalcitrant organics were removed by 99% and between 78 and 100%, respectively. The bioelectrode system generated 13 ± 3 mg/L dissolved Fe(II) and 5 ± 0.4 mg/L H2O2 for the Fenton reaction unit. The closed iron cycle avoided iron loss and iron sludge accumulation during operation. The pH regulator dosage and operating costs were just 9.7 and 1.4%, respectively, of what is required by classic Fenton. The low operating cost and reduction in chemical usage make it an efficient, sustainable alternative to the conventional treatment processes currently used for complex wastewater.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Esgotos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oxirredução , Ferro , Compostos Ferrosos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
8.
World J Pediatr Surg ; 5(3): e000349, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475050

RESUMO

Objective: Currently, individualized navigation templates are rarely applied in pediatric orthopedic surgery. This study aimed to explore the potential of navigation templates obtained using computer-aided design and three-dimensional (3D) printing to correct lower limb deformities in children by the guided growth technique. Methods: We prospectively studied 45 children with leg length discrepancy (LLD) or lower limb angular deformities, who underwent guided growth surgery involving 8-plate. In total, 21 and 24 children were included in the navigation template (group A) group and in the traditional surgery (group B) group, respectively. Mimics software was used for designing and printing navigation templates. The operation time, X-ray radiation exposure, damage to cartilage, and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: The mean operation time in groups A and B were 20.78 and 28.39 min, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant. Compared with group B, the intraoperative exposure of X-rays in group A was reduced by 25% on average. After 9-24 months of follow-up, the deformities were corrected in both groups. No significant differences in the treatment effect were noted between the groups, and no complications occurred. Conclusions: Using the individualized navigation template in the guided growth technique made the surgical procedure convenient and simple to perform. In addition, the operation time and intraoperative exposure to X-rays were reduced. We consider that 3D printed navigation templates can facilitate the accurate completion of corrective surgeries for lower limb deformities in children, which is worthy of promotion and application.

9.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(12): e40341, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In a rapidly digitalizing world, the inability of older adults to leverage digital technology has been associated with weaker social connections and poorer health outcomes. Despite the widespread digital adoption in Singapore, older adults, especially those of lower socioeconomic status (SES), still face difficulties in adopting information and communications technology and are typically digitally excluded. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the impact of the volunteer-led, one-on-one, and home-based digital literacy program on digital literacy and health-related outcomes such as self-reported loneliness, social connectedness, quality of life, and well-being for older adults of low SES. METHODS: A nonrandomized controlled study was carried out in Singapore between July 2020 and November 2021 involving 138 digitally excluded community-dwelling older adults aged ≥55 years and of lower SES. Older adults awaiting participation in the program served as controls. Older adults under the intervention were equipped with a smartphone and cellular data, underwent fortnightly to monthly digital literacy training with volunteers to learn digital skills, and digitally connected to their existing social networks. Primary outcome was the improvement in self-reported digital literacy. Secondary outcomes included improvements in University of California, Los Angeles 3-item loneliness scale, Lubben Social Network Scale-6, EQ-5D-3L and EQ visual analogue scale scores, and Personal Wellbeing Score. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in digital literacy scores in the intervention group as compared to controls (mean difference 2.28, 95% CI 1.37-3.20; P<.001). Through multiple linear regression analyses, this difference in digital literacy scores remained independently associated with group membership after adjusting for differences in baseline scores, age, gender, education, living arrangement, housing type, and baseline social connectivity and loneliness status. There was no statistically significant difference in University of California, Los Angeles 3-item loneliness scale, Lubben Social Network Scale-6, Personal Wellbeing Score, or EQ-5D Utility and visual analogue scale score. CONCLUSIONS: This study adds to the growing research on digital inclusion by showing that a volunteer-led, one-on-one, and home-based digital literacy program contributed to increase digital literacy in older adults of low SES. Future studies should look into developing more older adult-friendly digital spaces and technology design to encourage continued digital adoption in older adults and, eventually, impact health-related outcomes.


Assuntos
Alfabetização , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Idoso , Singapura , Renda , Classe Social
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459601

RESUMO

Conventional electromagnetic (EM) sensing techniques such as radar and LiDAR are widely used for remote sensing, vehicle applications, weather monitoring, and clinical monitoring. Acoustic techniques such as sonar and ultrasound sensors are also used for consumer applications, such as ranging and in vivo medical/healthcare applications. It has been of long-term interest to doctors and clinical practitioners to realize continuous healthcare monitoring in hospitals and/or homes. Physiological and biopotential signals in real-time serve as important health indicators to predict and prevent serious illness. Emerging electromagnetic-acoustic (EMA) sensing techniques synergistically combine the merits of EM sensing with acoustic imaging to achieve comprehensive detection of physiological and biopotential signals. Further, EMA enables complementary fusion sensing for challenging healthcare settings, such as real-world long-term monitoring of treatment effects at home or in remote environments. This article reviews various examples of EMA sensing instruments, including implementation, performance, and application from the perspectives of circuits to systems. The novel and significant applications to healthcare are discussed. Three types of EMA sensors are presented: (1) Chip-based radar sensors for health status monitoring, (2) Thermo-acoustic sensing instruments for biomedical applications, and (3) Photoacoustic (PA) sensing and imaging systems, including dedicated reconstruction algorithms were reviewed from time-domain, frequency-domain, time-reversal, and model-based solutions. The future of EMA techniques for continuous healthcare with enhanced accuracy supported by artificial intelligence (AI) is also presented.

11.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0279181, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36520826

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chordoma is formed from embryonic residues or ectopic chordae and locally aggressive or malignant tumors. We visually analyzed the research tendency and hotspot of chordoma. METHODS: The bibliometric analysis was conducted from the Web of Science Core Collection database over the past two decades. The term and strategies were as follows: "TS = (chordoma) OR TS = (chordoblastoma) OR TS = (chordocarcinoma) OR TS = (chordoepithelioma) OR TS = (chordosarcoma) OR TS = (notochordoma). AND Language: English. AND Reference Type: Article OR Review". A total of 2,118 references were retrieved and used to make a visual analysis by VOSviewer 1.6.15. RESULTS: The chordoma was on a steady rise and chordoma but remained the focus of scholars and organizations over the last two decades. The Chinese institutions and scholars lacked cooperation with their counterparts in other countries. The citations of documents and co-citation analysis of cited references suggested that M.L. McMaster, B.P. Walcott, P. Bergh, and S. Stacchiotti were leading researchers in this field of chordoma and their papers had been widely accepted and inspired recent researches. Keywords associated with recent chemotherapy, PD-1-related immunotherapy, and SMARCB1/integrase interactor 1 (INI1) in chordoma were a shortage of research and there may be more research ideas in the future by scholars. The research of chordoma will continue to be the hotspot. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, explaining the molecular mechanism and potential role of transcriptional inhibition and immunologic responses to SMARCB1/INI1-negative poorly differentiated chordoma will be available for preclinical experiments and clinical trials and lead to new therapeutic opportunities for chordoma patients.


Assuntos
Cordoma , Coriocarcinoma , Humanos , Feminino , Bibliometria , Pesquisadores , Agressão
13.
Front Genet ; 13: 1058207, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544490

RESUMO

Background: EMILIN2 is a platelet-associated elastin that regulates angiogenesis. It has recently been found to play an essential role in various tumors. Nevertheless, the mechanism of action of EMILIN2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains unclear. Methods: Samples from 33 cancers were obtained from UCSC Xena and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The relationship between EMILIN2 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics and immune infiltration of ccRCC was investigated. Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) was used to classify ccRCC patients. A multigene risk prediction model of ccRCC was constructed using LASSO regression and multivariate regression analysis. A nomogram survival probability prediction map and calibration curve were constructed based on clinical information. Results: EMILIN2 is significantly overexpressed in ccRCC, a phenomenon that is associated with poor prognosis. Meanwhile, EMILIN2 expression is closely related to tumor immune infiltration in ccRCC. Patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma were divided into two subtypes using NMF, with subtype 2 showed poor prognosis. Next, we established a risk score model for ccRCC based on the common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between subtypes and groups based on EMILIN2 expression. The results indicated poor prognosis in the high-risk group in the training set and were confirmed in the validation set. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that EMILIN2 expression is closely associated with immune infiltration in ccRCC. EMILIN2 expression is negatively correlated with the prognosis of ccRCC patients. Here, we developed a tool that could predict the prognosis of ccRCC patients.

14.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 12(12): 4309-4326, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36562004

RESUMO

The design of new ligands with high affinity and specificity against the targets of interest has been a central focus in drug discovery. As one of the most commonly used methods in drug discovery, the cyclization represents a feasible strategy to identify new lead compounds by increasing structural novelty, scaffold diversity and complexity. Such strategy could also be potentially used for the follow-on drug discovery without patent infringement. In recent years, the cyclization strategy has witnessed great success in the discovery of new lead compounds against different targets for treating various diseases. Herein, we first briefly summarize the use of the cyclization strategy in the discovery of new small-molecule lead compounds, including the proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTAC) molecules. Particularly, we focus on four main strategies including fused ring cyclization, chain cyclization, spirocyclization and macrocyclization and highlight the use of the cyclization strategy in lead generation. Finally, the challenges including the synthetic intractability, relatively poor pharmacokinetics (PK) profiles and the absence of the structural information for rational structure-based cyclization are also briefly discussed. We hope this review, not exhaustive, could provide a timely overview on the cyclization strategy for the discovery of new lead compounds.

15.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(12)2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557556

RESUMO

In this paper, we use terahertz combined with metamaterial technology as a powerful tool to identify analytes at different concentrations. Combined with the microfluidic chip, the experimental measurement can be performed with a small amount of analyte. In detecting the troponin antigen, surface modification is carried out by biochemical binding. Through the observation of fluorescent antibodies, the average number of fluorescent dots per unit of cruciform metamaterial is 25.60, and then, by adjusting the binding temperature and soaking time, the average number of fluorescent dots per unit of cruciform metamaterial can be increased to 181.02. Through the observation of fluorescent antibodies, it is confirmed that the antibodies can be successfully stabilized on the metamaterial and then bound to the target antigen. The minimum detectable concentration is between 0.05~0.1 µg/100 µL, and the concentration and ΔY show a positive correlation of R2 = 0.9909.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(46): e29683, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence have indicated that cell cycle-related genes (CRGs) play an essential role in the progression of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD). Nevertheless, the application of CRGs in estimating the prognosis of PAAD patients is still lacking. This study aimed to establish a risk signature based on CRGs that can predict patients' overall survival for PAAD. METHODS: The expression and corresponding clinical data of PAAD patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas database and 200 cell cycle-related genes from the MSigDB were used for the generation and validation of the signature. LASSO Cox regression was applied to build the prediction model. The diagnostic value of signature was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curves. Univariate and multivariate regression was used to construct the nomogram providing the clinicians a useful tool. RESULTS: A total of 103 CRGs were identified. Seven genes (RBM14, SMAD3, CENPA, KIF23, NUSAP1, INCENP, SMC4) with non-zero coefficients in LASSO analysis were used to construct the prognostic signature. The 7-gene signature significantly stratified patients into high- and low-risk groups in terms of overall survival, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 5-year survival reached 0.749. Multivariate analysis showed that the signature is an independent prognostic factor. We then mapped a nomogram to predict 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival for PAAD patients. The calibration curves indicated that the model was reliable. Finally, we discovered that TP53 and KRAS mutated most frequently in low and high-risk groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that the seven genes identified in this study are valuable prognostic predictors for patients with PAAD. These findings provided us with a novel insight that it is useful for understanding cell cycle mechanisms and for identifying patients with PAAD with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Ciclo Celular
17.
Vis Comput Ind Biomed Art ; 5(1): 27, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418749

RESUMO

Precise control of machining deformation is crucial for improving the manufacturing quality of structural aerospace components. In the machining process, different batches of blanks have different residual stress distributions, which pose a significant challenge to machining deformation control. In this study, a reinforcement learning method for machining deformation control based on a meta-invariant feature space was developed. The proposed method uses a reinforcement-learning model to dynamically control the machining process by monitoring the deformation force. Moreover, combined with a meta-invariant feature space, the proposed method learns the internal relationship of the deformation control approaches under different stress distributions to achieve the machining deformation control of different batches of blanks. Finally, the experimental results show that the proposed method achieves better deformation control than the two existing benchmarking methods.

18.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(22)2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36428357

RESUMO

The intestine of animals is a complex micro-ecosystem containing a large number of microbiomes, which is essential for the host's health development. The Hainan black goat with good resistance and adaptability is a unique species in Hainan, China. These unique physiological characteristics are inseparable from their intestinal microbiota. In this study, high-throughput sequencing was used to investigate bacterial communities in different segments of the intestinal tract of Hainan black goat. The results showed that the indices of Chao1 and ACE in the cecum and colon were significantly greater than those in the ileum (p = 0.007, 0.018). According to PCoA, the intestinal flora composition of the cecum and colon is almost equivalent. In contexts of the phylum, Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, and Pseudomonadota were the dominant phyla in the gut of the Hainan black goat. While in context of the genus, the dominant groups in the gut of black goats mainly include Ruminococcaceae_UCG-005, Bacteroides, Paeniclostridium, Christensenellaceae_R-7_group, Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group, and Eubacterium coprostanoligenes _group, Prevotella_1, they have different proportions in different intestinal segments. The gut microbiota of Hainan black goat is mainly Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, and Pseudomonadota. Influenced by the intestinal location where they colonize, the large intestine has a more complex intestinal flora than the small intestine. In contrast, there are only minor differences between the caecum and the colon in the large intestine.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(42): e31158, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36281144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dual antiplatelet regimens after coronary drug-eluting stenting by network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science databases were electronically searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the comparison of different dual antiplatelet regimens after coronary drug-eluting stenting from inception to September 1st, 2021. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk bias of included studies. Stata 16.0 software was used for NMA. RESULTS: A total of 27 RCTs involving 79,880 patients were included. The results of NMA: in terms of myocardial infarction (MI), other 3 interventions were higher than the long-term dual antiplatelet therapy (L-DAPT) (the standard dual antiplatelet therapy [Std-DAPT] [odds ratio [OR] = 1.82, 95%confidence interval [CI]: 1.49-2.21), the aspirin monotherapy after short-term dual antiplatelet therapy (S-DAPT + As) (OR = 2.06, 95%CI: 1.57-2.70), the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after short-term dual antiplatelet therapy (S-DAPT + P2Y12) (OR = 1.71, 95%CI: 1.29-2.28)]. In terms of stent thrombosis, other 3 interventions were higher than L-DAPT [Std-DAPT (OR = 2.18, 95%CI: 1.45-3.28), S-DAPT + As (OR = 2.32, 95%CI: 1.52-3.54), S-DAPT + P2Y12 (OR = 2.31, 95%CI: 1.22-4.36)]. There was no statistically significant difference among the 4 interventions in prevention of stroke and all-cause mortality (P > .05). In terms of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events, other 3 interventions were higher than L-DAPT (Std-DAPT [OR = 1.28, 95%CI: 1.12-1.45], S-DAPT + As [OR = 1.27, 95%CI: 1.09-1.48], S-DAPT + P2Y12 [OR = 1.24, 95%CI: 1.01-1.52]). In terms of safety, bleeding rate of other 3 interventions were lower than L-DAPT (Std-DAPT [OR = 0.67, 95%CI: 0.52-0.85], S-DAPT + As [OR = 0.51, 95%CI: 0.39-0.66], S-DAPT + P2Y12 [OR = 0.36, 95%CI: 0.26-0.49]). Two interventions were lower than L-DAPT (S-DAPT + As [OR = 0.77, 95%CI: 0.65-0.90], S-DAPT + P2Y12 [OR = 0.54, 95%CI: 0.44-0.66]). S-DAPT + As was higher than L-DAPT (OR = 1.42, 95%CI: 1.10-1.83). CONCLUSIONS: S-DAPT + P2Y12 has the lowest bleeding risk, while L-DAPT has the highest bleeding risk. In the outcome of MI, stent thrombosis, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events, L-DAPT has the best efficacy. In the outcome of stroke and all-cause mortality, the 4 interventions were equally effective.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Trombose , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Metanálise em Rede , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Stents/efeitos adversos , Trombose/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Quimioterapia Combinada , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Int Heart J ; 63(5): 915-927, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36184551

RESUMO

MiR-6870-3p acts as a crucial regulator of gene expression at the posttranscriptional level and participates in immune responses. However, the roles of miR-6870-3p and its target genes and their underlying mechanisms in the inflammatory responses of epicardial adipose tissues (EATs) are unknown.MiRNA microarray was used to collect the miRNA expression profiles of EATs from five patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and four individuals without CAD (n-CAD). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to examine the expression of miR-6870-3p in the EATs. The mRNA and protein expression levels of Tollip and the key genes of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway were examined by qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis. The levels of inflammatory factors in the cell supernatant were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We used a dual-luciferase reporter assay to validate the target gene of miR-6870-3p. The protein expression levels of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) were measured by Western blot analysis.Our results showed that miR-6870-3p was higher in the CAD EATs than in the n-CAD EATs. MiR-6870-3p was positively correlated with TLR4, interleukin (IL)-6, JNK, NF-κB (p65), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the CAD EAT samples. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment upregulated the miR-6870-3p expression and downregulated the Tollip expression in the macrophages. When the macrophages were stimulated with LPS, MiR-6870-3p upregulation also aggravated the production of proinflammatory cytokines. The result of the luciferase reporter assays confirmed that miR-6870-3p directly targets Tollip. Moreover, miR-6870-3p upregulation in the macrophages resulted in the activation of the JNK/NF-κB pathway.Our study showed that miR-6870-3p regulates human EAT inflammation by targeting the Tollip-mediated JNK and NF-κB signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , MicroRNAs , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
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