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1.
Sex Health ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588985

RESUMO

This study shows that there is a huge gap between young females' willingness and practice of accepting voluntary counselling and testing (VCT). Only 2.16% (894/41336) of the participants have had HIV/AIDS tests. The study identified age, education major, confidentiality, attitude, accuracy, self-assessment and expense as major factors associated with young female people's acceptance of VCT in China. Therefore, in order to promote HIV VCT among young females, it is necessary for future programs to be sensitive to the targeted population's needs.

2.
Arch Dis Child ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Compare paediatric COVID-19 disease characteristics, management and outcomes according to World Bank country income level and disease severity. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Between 1 December 2019 and 8 January 2021, 3350 articles were identified. Two reviewers conducted study screening, data abstraction and quality assessment independently and in duplicate. Observational studies describing laboratory-confirmed paediatric (0-19 years old) COVID-19 were considered for inclusion. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The pooled proportions of clinical findings, treatment and outcomes were compared according to World Bank country income level and reported disease severity. RESULTS: 129 studies were included from 31 countries comprising 10 251 children of which 57.4% were hospitalised. Mean age was 7.0 years (SD 3.6), and 27.1% had a comorbidity. Fever (63.3%) and cough (33.7%) were common. Of 3670 cases, 44.1% had radiographic abnormalities. The majority of cases recovered (88.9%); however, 96 hospitalised children died. Compared with high-income countries, in low-income and middle-income countries, a lower proportion of cases were admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) (9.9% vs 26.0%) yet pooled proportion of deaths among hospitalised children was higher (relative risk 2.14, 95% CI 1.43 to 3.20). Children with severe disease received antimicrobials, inotropes and anti-inflammatory agents more frequently than those with non-severe disease. Subgroup analyses showed that a higher proportion of children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) were admitted to ICU (47.1% vs 22.9%) and a higher proportion of hospitalised children with MIS-C died (4.8% vs 3.6%) compared with the overall sample. CONCLUSION: Paediatric COVID-19 has a favourable prognosis. Further severe disease characterisation in children is needed globally.

3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 3, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Association of arterial stiffness and osteoporosis has been well documented in elderly population. However, it is not clear whether they co-progress from the early stages through common mechanisms. The object of this study was to evaluate possible associations between arterial stiffness and osteoporosis by measuring brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asia (OSTA) index among a healthy population of Chinese aged 40 years and older. Whether baPWV can be used as a predictor of osteoporosis on OSTA was further assessed. METHODS: This study was cross-sectional in design. Of 3984 adults aged 40 years and older in the Yunyan district of Guiyang (Guizhou, China) who underwent both OSTA and baPWV measurements within 1 month, 1407 were deemed eligible for inclusion (women, 1088; men, 319). RESULTS: The mean baPWV was 1475 ± 302 cm/s (range,766-3459 cm/s). baPWV in 110 individuals with high risk of osteoporosis (OSTA index < - 4) was higher than that of individuals with non-high risk (1733 ± 461 cm/s vs. 1447 ± 304 cm/s, P < 0.001). OSTA index was negatively correlated with baPWV(ρ = - 0.296, P < 0.001) after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, waist circumference, diastolic blood pressure, and creatinine clearance rate. baPWV was an independent predictor for the presence of high risk of osteoporosis (ß = - 0.001, P < 0.001) and was consistent across age and sex subgroups, and the optimal baPWV cutoff value for predicting the presence of high risk of osteoporosis and fracture was 1693 cm/s. The AUC was 0.722 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.667-0.777; P < 0.001, sensitivity of 52.8% and specificity of 83.6%). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that arterial stiffness measured by baPWV is well correlated with the severity of osteoporosis evaluated by OSTA. baPWV index may be a valuable tool for identifying individuals with risk of developing osteoporosis.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to discuss the importance of socioeconomic status (SES) and family sexual attitudes and investigate their association with sexual and reproductive health in a large sample of Chinese young adults. METHODS: We analysed a large sample of 53 508 youth aged 15-24 years from an internet-based survey from November 2019 to February 2020. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were employed to examine the association between SES, family sexual attitudes, and sexual and reproductive health (SRH), stratified by sex and adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Individuals with the highest expenditure were more likely to engage in early sexual intercourse (female: OR 4.19, 95% CI 3.00 to 5.87; male: OR 3.82, 95% CI 2.84 to 5.12). For both sexes, the likelihood of young adult sexual risk-taking such as first intercourse without using a condom, acquiring sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy was lower in those with higher maternal educational attainment, whereas it was higher in those with open family sexual attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: Lower SES and open family attitudes toward sex had a significant association with a range of adverse young adulthood SRH outcomes. Public health policies should focus on more deprived populations and advocate suitable parental participation to reduce risky sexual behaviours in youth.

5.
Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob ; 20(1): 3, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Little is yet known whether pathogenesis of COVID-19 is different between young and elder patients. Our study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and provide predictors of mortality for young adults with severe COVID-19. METHODS: A total of 77 young adults with confirmed severe COVID-19 were recruited retrospectively at Tongji Hospital. Clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, treatment and outcomes were obtained from electronic medical records. The prognostic effects of variables were analyzed using logistic regression model. RESULTS: In this retrospective cohort, non-survivors showed higher incidence of dyspnea and co-existing laboratory abnormalities, compared with young survivals in severe COVID-19. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lymphopenia, elevated level of d-dimer, hypersensitive cardiac troponin I (hs-CTnI) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were independent predictors of mortality in young adults with severe COVID-19. Further analysis showed that severely young adults with two or more factors abnormalities above would be more prone to death. The similar predictive effect of above four factors had been observed in all-age patients with severe COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Lymphopenia, elevated level of d-dimer, hs-CTnI and hs-CRP predicted clinical outcomes of young adults with severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
/mortalidade , /fisiopatologia , /terapia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 4, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397425

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs), which are single-stranded closed-loop RNA molecules lacking terminal 5' caps and 3' poly(A) tails, are attracting increasing scientific attention for their crucial regulatory roles in the occurrence and development of various diseases. With the rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technologies, increasing numbers of differentially expressed circRNAs have been identified in bladder cancer (BCa) via exploration of the expression profiles of BCa and normal tissues and cell lines. CircRNAs are critically involved in BCa biological behaviours, including cell proliferation, tumour growth suppression, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, invasion, migration, metastasis, angiogenesis, and cisplatin chemoresistance. Most of the studied circRNAs in BCa regulate cancer biological behaviours via miRNA sponging regulatory mechanisms. CircRNAs have been reported to be significantly associated with many clinicopathologic characteristics of BCa, including tumour size, grade, differentiation, and stage; lymph node metastasis; tumour numbers; distant metastasis; invasion; and recurrence. Moreover, circRNA expression levels can be used to predict BCa patients' survival parameters, such as overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and progression-free survival (PFS). The abundance, conservation, stability, specificity and detectability of circRNAs render them potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for BCa. Additionally, circRNAs play crucial regulatory roles upstream of various signalling pathways related to BCa carcinogenesis and progression, reflecting their potential as therapeutic targets for BCa. Herein, we briefly summarize the expression profiles, biological functions and mechanisms of circRNAs and the potential clinical applications of these molecules for BCa diagnosis, prognosis, and targeted therapy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432803

RESUMO

Solar-driven water evaporation, as a cost-effective and eco-friendly way to produce high-quality freshwater from saline water, is a burgeoning and promising force in the battle against global thirst. However, unsustainable vapor generation caused by salt accumulation has always plagued researchers. Here, it is revealed that a solar thermal photo vapor generator (STPV), which utilizes infrared photons as a heat source, can evaporate water stably in the presence of salt accumulation. Thanks to the low reflection of the wet salt in the infrared band and the porous structure of the salt layer, the energy can be used effectively and the vapor escapes without hindrance. The STPV evaporates water at a stable rate of 1.04-1.19 kg m-2 h-1 under 2 sun illumination for 8 h in a highly concentrated sea salt solution (20 wt %). In contrast, the evaporation rate of conventional solar thermal vapor generators (STVs) decreased by >50% in 1 h and ≈70% in 8 h. This finding could inspire the future development of more advanced solar evaporators so as to ease the global water scarcity.

8.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 13(11): 2758-2766, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284898

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calculous pyonephrosis tended not to be accurately diagnosed before operations. It is mostly confirmed during percutaneous nephrolithotripsy or percutaneous nephrostomy. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors for predicting obstructive pyonephrosis patients with upper urinary tract stones. METHODS: Clinical data of 322 patients with upper urinary tract stones and obstructive hydronephrosis were retrospectively searched and analyzed in our study. The patients were divided into two groups; pyonephrosis and non-pyonephrosis groups. Both disease related factors and infection-associated indicators were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were performed on preoperative variables. Accordingly, ROC curves were drawn, and a novel comprehensive model was constructed to predict the pyonephrosis. OUTCOMES: Compared to the non-pyonephrosis group, patients in the pyonephrosis group showed statistical differences in sex, urinary tract infection (UTI) within 3 months, stone density, computerized tomography (CT) value of hydronephrosis, serum creatinine, hydronephrosis, contralateral kidney severe hydronephrosis or atrophy, preoperative white blood cells, neutrophils, serum C-reactive protein, urine leukocyte, nitrite, and urine culture revealed statistical difference (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences for sex, UTI history, degree of hydronephrosis, contralateral severe hydronephrosis or atrophy, serum creatinine, and CT value of hydronephrosis (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated several independent risk factors for pyonephrosis, including degree of hydronephrosis (P=0.02), CT value of hydronephrosis (P=0.001), urine leukocyte (P=0.002), urine culture (P=0.001) and blood neutrophils (P=0.009). Based on these risk factors, we constructed a novel comprehensive model and confirmed it was an effective method to predict pyonephrosis (AUC, 0.970). Bootstrapped calibration curves showed no untoward deviation in both training and validation dataset (mean absolute error of 0.027, 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: Hydronephrosis, CT value of hydronephrosis, blood neutrophils, urine leukocyte, and urine culture were independent risk factors to predict pyonephrosis. The novel comprehensive model was found to be an effective method to predict pyonephrosis and needed to be further confirmed in prospective studies.

9.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 10(12): 2285-2296, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269227

RESUMO

Background: Evidence regarding the relationship between fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the bone marrow of patients with lung adenocarcinoma and prognosis is limited. This study aimed to identify whether bone marrow FDG uptake is a risk factor for recurrence in patients after curative surgical resection of T1-2N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2016, we retrospectively enrolled 195 pT1-2N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma patients who underwent both preoperative FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and surgical resection from the lung adenocarcinoma database maintained by the PET/CT department at our hospital. After surgical resection, patients were followed up mainly through regular outpatient examinations. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the primary tumor, the mean FDG uptake of bone marrow (BM SUV), bone marrow-liver uptake ratio (BLR), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured from the pretreatment FDG PET/CT images. Multi-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were built to evaluate the independent prognostic value of BLR in predicting recurrence-free survival (RFS). A restricted cubic spline regression model was conducted to provide more precise estimates and examine the shape of the associations between BLR and the risk of recurrence. Results: The follow-up results showed that 30 of the 195 patients (15.4%) had tumor recurrence. Compared with non-recurrent patients, the primary tumor size in recurrent patients was larger, and the SUVmax, TLG, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were higher. Univariate analysis showed that BLR, tumor size, SUVmax, TLG, and CRP were significantly correlated with postoperative tumor recurrence. After adjustment for conventional confounding factors, the hazard ratio of BLR was 5.01 (95% CI, 1.32, 18.98) for the highest tertile of BLR compared with the lowest tertile. The multi-adjusted spline regression showed that BLR had a linear relationship with log relative risk (RR) for recurrence when BLR was lower than 0.7. Over this level, the effect stabilized, suggesting a saturation effect for BLR at a level of approximately 0.7 at recurrence. Conclusions: BLR was an independent risk factor for predicting RFS in T1-2N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma patients after curative surgical resection. BLR can be used as a biomarker for evaluating the risk of lung cancer recurrence.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of multiple chronic conditions in China is poorly understood. We investigated the prevalence of multimorbidity among the middle-aged and elderly population in China and analyzed its demographic and socioeconomic correlates. METHODS: Data were obtained from the baseline of the China Kadoorie Biobank Study, which recruited over 0.5 million participants between 2004 and 2008. We calculated the prevalence by the characteristics of multimorbidity. The demographic and socioeconomic correlates were analyzed using a multivariable logistic regression model. RESULTS: 15.9% of the participants were multimorbid. Although the prevalence of multimorbidity increased with age, the absolute number of people with multimorbidity was much higher among middle-aged adults (30-60 years, n = 42 041) than the elderly group (>60 years, n = 38 834). The odd of multimorbidity was higher in males (aOR =1.09, 95% CI: 1.07-1.11) and among those who were unemployed (aOR = 1.58, 95% CI: 1.55-1.62). Those who received the highest level of education were most likely to be multimorbid compared with those with no education (aOR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.09-1.19). Such an association was similar when treating multimorbidity as multinomial variable. CONCLUSIONS: Multimorbidity is a public health concern, with higher prevalence among the elderly, males and those who belong to a lower socioeconomic stratum. Actions are needed to curb multimorbidity epidemic in China.

11.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307061

RESUMO

Lipid mediators play an essential role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Many studies on the differential expression of sphingolipids and fatty acid exist, but relatively few concerned about glycerophospholipid (GP) metabolites in asthma. Here, plasma samples from 20 healthy controls and 24 asthmatic patients were collected and analyzed. High-performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF-MS) revealed that 29 GPs were identified and relatively quantified as differential metabolites for discriminating asthma patients and healthy subjects, consisting of six major subclasses of GPs. Moreover, a significant relevance was found between the selected metabolites and diagnostic and prognostic indicators of asthma. Remarkably, in subgroup analyses, plasma phosphatidic acid (PA), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) levels were higher in patients with eosinophilic asthma than non-eosinophilic asthma. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the power of plasma PA and PG levels to distinguish between asthmatic patients and healthy subjects was strong (all areas under the curves > 0.9; P < 0.05). Our study characterized circulating GP metabolites in patients with asthma and explored their clinical relevance which may help to develop reliable biomarkers for early and accurate diagnosis based on lipid metabolites and provide novel insight into the role of GPs in asthma.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226962

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is a potential risk factor for weakness, disability and death in elderly individuals. Therefore, seeking effective methods to delay and treat sarcopenia and to improve the quality of life of elderly individuals is a trending topic in geriatrics. Caloric restriction (CR) is currently recognized as an effective means to extend the lifespan and delay the decline in organ function caused by aging. In this review, we describe the effects of CR on improving muscle protein synthesis, delaying muscle atrophy, regulating muscle mitochondrial function, maintaining muscle strength, promoting muscle stem cell (MuSC) regeneration and differentiation, and thus protecting against sarcopenia. We also summarize the possible cellular mechanisms by which CR delays sarcopenia. CR can delay sarcopenia by reducing the generation of oxygen free radicals, reducing oxidative stress damage, enhancing mitochondrial function, improving protein homeostasis, reducing iron overload, increasing autophagy and apoptosis, and reducing inflammation. However, the relationships between CR and genetics, sex, animal strain, regimen duration and energy intake level are complex. Therefore, further study of the proper timing and application method of CR to prevent sarcopenia is highly important for the aging population.

13.
EJNMMI Res ; 10(1): 138, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical management decisions on prostate cancer (PCa) are often based on a determination of risk. 68Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-11-positron emission tomography (PET)/computer tomography (CT) is an attractive modality to assess biochemical recurrence of PCa, detect metastatic disease and stage of primary PCa, making it a promising strategy for risk stratification. However, due to some limitation of 68Ga-PSMA-11 the development of alternative tracers is of high interest. In this study, we aimed to investigate the value of 18F-PSMA-1007 in identifying non-metastatic high-risk PCa. METHODS: A total of 101 patients with primary non-metastatic PCa who underwent 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT were retrospectively analyzed. According to the European Association of Urology guidelines on PCa, patients were classified into intermediate-risk (IR) group or high-risk (HR) group. The maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of the primary prostate tumor were measured on PET/CT images. The diagnostic performance of PET/CT for IR and HR PCa was calculated, and the relationship between the SUVmax of primary prostate tumor, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level and Gleason score (GS) was analyzed. RESULTS: Of all 101 patients, 49 patients were classified into IR group and 52 patients were classified into HR group. There was a significant positive correlation between PSA level/GS and SUVmax (r = 0.561, r = 0.496, P < 0.001, respectively). Tumors with GS 6 and 7a showed significantly lower 18F-PSMA-1007 uptake compared to patients with GS 8 and 9 (P < 0.01). SUVmax in patients of HR was significantly higher than those of IR (median SUVmax: 16.85 vs 7.80; P < 0.001). In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the optimal cutoff value of the SUVmax for identifying high-risk PCa was set as 9.05 (area under the curve: 0.829; sensitivity: 90.4%; specificity: 65.3%). CONCLUSION: 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT showed the powerful diagnosis efficacy for high-risk PCa, which can be used as an objective imaging reference index for clinical reference.

15.
Small ; 16(49): e2005424, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201566

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg) metal anode is a highly desirable candidate among various high energy density metal anodes, possessing higher volumetric capacity and better safety characteristic compared to lithium metal. However, most Mg salts in conventional Mg electrolytes easily react with Mg metal to form blocking layers, leading to inferior reversibility of Mg plating/stripping. Here, a stable Mg2+ -conducting solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is successfully constructed on Mg metal anode by regulating the molecular-orbital-energy-level toward an aluminum(III)-centered anion Mg salt through anion-solvent coordination. Of which, the LUMO energy level of perfluorinated pinacolatoaluminate (Al(O2 C2 (CF3 )4 )2 - , abbreviated as FPA) anion has been adjusted by coordinating with solvent molecule (tetrahydrofuran) for facilitating the formation of advantageous SEI. The existence of SEI formed by FPA anion greatly improves the reversibility and long-term stability of Mg plating/stripping process. More importantly, based on this aluminum(III)-centered Mg electrolyte, the Mo6 S8 /Mg batteries can achieve a fantastic cycle performance of 9000 cycles, proving the beneficial effect of SEI on the cycling stability of Mg battery system. These findings open up a promising avenue to construct stable and compatible SEI on Mg metal anode, and lay significant foundations for the successful development of rechargeable Mg metal batteries.

16.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 573455, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178690

RESUMO

The Hippo/yes-associated protein 1 signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway. This signaling pathway is primarily involved in the regulation of stem cell self-renewal, organ size and tissue regeneration by regulating cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. It plays an important role in embryonic development and tissue organ formation. Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) is a key transcription factor in the Hippo signaling pathway and is negatively regulated by this pathway. Changes in YAP1 expression levels affect the occurrence and development of a variety of tumors, but the specific mechanism associated with this phenomenon has not been thoroughly studied. Recently, several studies have described the role of YAP1 in osteoarthritis (OA). Indeed, YAP1 is involved in orthopedic degenerative diseases such as osteoporosis (OP) in addition to OA. In this review, we will summarize the significance of YAP1 in orthopedic degenerative diseases and discuss the potential of the targeted modulation of YAP1 for the treatment of these diseases.

17.
Theranostics ; 10(26): 12011-12025, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204326

RESUMO

Calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystal can trigger kidney injury, which contributes to the pathogenesis of nephrocalcinosis. The phenotypes of infiltrating macrophage may impact CaOx-mediated kidney inflammatory injury as well as crystal deposition. How aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) regulates inflammation and macrophage polarization is well understood; however, how it modulates CaOx nephrocalcinosis remains unclear. Methods: Mice were intraperitoneally injected with glyoxylate to establish CaOx nephrocalcinosis model with or without the treatment of AhR activator 6-formylindolo(3,2-b)carbazole (FICZ). Positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) imaging, Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, and polarized light optical microscopy were used to evaluate kidney injury and crystal deposition in mice kidney. Western blotting, immunofluorescence, chromatin immunoprecipitation, microRNA-fluorescence in situ hybridization, and luciferase reporter assays were applied to analyze polarization state and regulation mechanism of macrophage. Results: AhR expression was significantly upregulated and negatively correlated with interferon-regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) and hypoxia inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) levels in a murine CaOx nephrocalcinosis model following administration of FICZ. Moreover, AhR activation suppressed IRF1 and HIF-1α levels and decreased M1 macrophage polarization in vitro. In terms of the mechanism, bioinformatics analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay confirmed that AhR could bind to miR-142a promoter to transcriptionally activate miR-142a. In addition, luciferase reporter assays validated that miR-142a inhibited IRF1 and HIF-1α expression by directly targeting their 3'-untranslated regions. Conclusions: Our results indicated that AhR activation could diminish M1 macrophage polarization and promote M2 macrophage polarization to suppress CaOx nephrocalcinosis via the AhR-miR-142a-IRF1/HIF-1α pathway.

18.
J Int Med Res ; 48(11): 300060520966878, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration and the risks of developing metabolic syndrome and its components. METHODS: A total of 10,140 residents of the Yunyan district of Guiyang (Guizhou, China) who were ≥40 years old were selected by cluster random sampling between May and August 2011, of whom 5692 were eligible. TSH concentration and indices of metabolic syndrome were documented at baseline and 3 years later. Participants were allocated to a euthyroid (TSH 0.55-4.78 mIU/L) or high TSH concentration (TSH >4.78 mIU/L) group. Patients with overt hypothyroidism or were undergoing treatment for hypothyroidism were excluded. RESULTS: The crude and adjusted prevalences of metabolic syndrome were 39.9% and 33.9% in the euthyroid group and 44.3% and 37.5% in the high TSH group, respectively. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed a positive correlation between a high TSH concentration at baseline and the cumulative incidence of metabolic syndrome during follow up. CONCLUSIONS: High TSH is associated with a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome or one of its components; therefore, people with a high TSH concentration should be screened regularly to permit the early identification of metabolic syndrome and followed up thoroughly.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124719

RESUMO

Demonstrated here is the correlation between atomic configuration induced electronic density of single-atom Co active sites and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) performance by combining density-functional theory (DFT) calculations and electrochemical analysis. Guided by DFT calculations, a MOF-derived Co single-atom catalyst with the optimal Co1 -N3 PS active moiety incorporated in a hollow carbon polyhedron (Co1 -N3 PS/HC) was designed and synthesized. Co1 -N3 PS/HC exhibits outstanding alkaline ORR activity with a half-wave potential of 0.920 V and superior ORR kinetics with record-level kinetic current density and an ultralow Tafel slope of 31 mV dec-1 , exceeding that of Pt/C and almost all non-precious ORR electrocatalysts. In acidic media the ORR kinetics of Co1 -N3 PS/HC still surpasses that of Pt/C. This work offers atomic-level insight into the relationship between electronic density of the active site and catalytic properties, promoting rational design of efficient catalysts.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e23006, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126384

RESUMO

Interleukin-10(IL-10) is an immunosuppressive cytokine and plays an important role in inflammation and cancers. Numerous studies have explored the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL-10 and leukemia, but their results were conflicting, so we performed this meta-analysis to elucidate the association between 3 common single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL-10 (rs1800896, rs1800871 and rs1800872) and risk of leukemia.We conducted a comprehensive research in Pubmed, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database disc and Embase using related terms. After strict selection, 18 studies with 2264 cases and 3846 controls were included into this meta-analysis. Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were used to evaluate the strength of the association.We found that polymorphism of IL-10 -1082A/G was associated with decreased risk of leukemia both in overall analysis and in stratified analysis according to ethnicity and cancer type. A strong relationship was also uncovered between polymorphism of IL-10 -592C/A and increased risk of leukemia in non-Chinese.GG genotype of IL-10 -1082A/G is associated with decreased risk of leukemia, especially chronic lymphocytic leukemia. CC genotype of -592C/A is associated with decreased risk of leukemia in non-Chinese.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-10/genética , Leucemia/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupos Étnicos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Risco
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