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1.
Virology ; 551: 36-45, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011521

RESUMO

Children with HFMD due to EV71 infection are more likely to suffer from neurogenic complications, leading to higher morbidity and mortality. ILCs play crucial roles in the initiation of host immunity. However, the contribution of ILCs to the occurrence and development of HFMD due to EV71 infection remains to be explored. The results of our study showed that the levels of peripheral ILC1s and Th1 cells were increased in children with severe HFMD compared to healthy children, as were ILC1- and Th1-related cytokines and transcription factors. Furthermore, HFMD children with a higher frequency of circulating ILC1s exhibited a 2.9-fold greater risk of severity when HFMD was accompanied by VEM. Our study is the first to show that ILC1 abnormalities contribute to the pathogenesis of the severity of HFMD, in which ILC1s are aberrant increased and affect the cellular and humoral immunity. ILC1s could be used in the diagnosis of HFMD.

2.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1024-1034, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is a significant increase of high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) in plasma levels of patients with pulmonary hypertension, but the biological significance is still unclear. Anti-proliferative protein 1 (prohibitin 1, PHB1) is an important protein that maintains the homeostasis of vascular cells. This study aimed to investigate the effect of HMGB1 on pulmonary artery endothelial cells and the role of PHB1. METHODS: In vivo experiment: A rat model of pulmonary hypertension induced by monocrotaline (MCT) was constructed. The right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), and the weight ratio of right ventricle to left ventricle plus ventricular septum were used to evaluate the success of model. ELISA was used to detect the level of HMGB1 in rat's plasma. Western blotting was used to detect the level of PHB1 in rat's lung tissues. CD31 immunofluorescence was used to detect the integrity of pulmonary vascular endothelium. In vitro experiments: Pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) was incubated with HMGB1 to observe the effect of HMGB1 on PAEC injury. Overexpression and knockdown of PHB1 were conducted, and the role of PHB1 was investigated by detecting the levels of reative oxygen species and cytochrome c (cyto-c), and the activation of caspase-3. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the level of HMGB1 in the plasma of rats with pulmonary hypertension was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expression of PHB1 in the lung tissue was decreased accompanied with endothelial dysfunction (P<0.05); HMGB1 incubation damaged the pulmonary artery endothelium and down-regulated PHB1 expression (P<0.05), while overexpression of PHB1 reduced the PAEC damage and oxidative stress induced by HMGB1 (P<0.05). Meanwhile, PHB1 reduced HMGB1-induced cyto-c expression and caspase-3 cleavage by inhibiting oxidative stress (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The down-regulation of PHB1 expression mediates HMGB1-induced PAEC injury, which is related to the induction of oxidative stress, the increase of cyto-c release, and the promotion of caspase-3 cleavage.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1 , Proteínas Repressoras , Animais , Células Endoteliais , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar , Ratos , Proteínas Repressoras/genética
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 404(Pt B): 124120, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068991

RESUMO

Spent carbon cathode (SCC), a hazardous solid waste discharged from the aluminum electrolysis industry, has a serious environmental pollution risk. This study aims to explore an environmental friendly process for dissociating toxic substances and recovering valuable components from SCC. Parameters of molten salt-assisted roasting and water leaching were optimized. A possible dissociation mechanism of toxic substances was proposed. Results showed that 99.12% of cyanide was decomposed and 96.63% of fluoride was leached under optimal conditions. The recovery route of fluoride was designed according to the solution equilibrium chemical calculation and the difference in solubility and particle size between the recovered products. Exhaust gas with a high concentration of CO and CO2 was used for the carbonation of the leaching solution to recover cryolite. Effects of reaction conditions on precipitation mass and phase composition of recovered cryolite were investigated in detail. Characterization results indicated that the crystallinity and particle size of cryolite recovered under optimal conditions were extremely similar to those of commercial products. Finally, NaF and Na2CO3 were separated and recovered via evaporative crystallization combined with selective filtration. This proposed process with circular economy and green chemistry characteristics is expected to recover valuable components while minimizing environmental hazards of SCC.

4.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14415, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064363

RESUMO

Vitiligo is a common and refractory disease worldwide. The limited efficiency and side effects of the conventional treatment options create demands towards the development of strategies. Excellent repigmentation is demonstrated after several filiform fire needle sessions in the vitiligo lesions. In this observational study, we aimed to observe the response to filiform fire needle therapy in patients with vitiligo, and determine whether there was a difference of efficiency with respect to the type, affected site, and disease duration of vitiligo. Patients received filiform fire needle therapy once every 2 weeks for 12 consecutive weeks. The results of the 77 vitiligo patients were: 34 (44.15%) with an excellent repigmentation rate, 15 (19.48%) with a marked improvement, 15 (19.48%) with a moderate response, 6 (7.79%) with a slight improvement, and 7 (9.09%) with an absent response. Among the vitiligo patients with different affected sites, the most effective location of therapy was the face. Shorter course leads to better therapeutic effect. Two patients developed hypertrophic scars on the lesion site. In conclusion, this study shows filiform fire needle therapy is an effective and relatively safe therapeutic option for vitiligo.

5.
BMC Pediatr ; 20(1): 475, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a great need in low- and middle- income countries for sound qualitative and monitoring tools assessing early childhood development outcomes. Although there are many instruments to measure the developmental status of infants and toddlers, their use in large scale studies is still limited because of high costs in both time and money. The Caregiver Reported Early Development Instruments (CREDI), however, were designed to serve as a population-level measure of early childhood development for children from birth to age three, and have been used in 17 low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the CREDI in China, which is still unknown. METHODS: The CREDI and the ASQ-3 was administered to a sample of 946 children aged 5-36 months from urban and rural communities, in which 248 children was administered with Bayley-III. RESULTS: The internal consistency of the CREDI was high, which indicates that the scale internal consistency reliability is quite good. The results also indicated that the concurrent validity of the CREDI with the Bayley-III scale was high in general. Ordinary least squares regression showed that the CREDI is highly consistent with previous widely used instruments in some key predictors (such as the home stimulation) of early childhood development level. CONCLUSIONS: All the results in the current study indicate that the CREDI may be considered an appropriate instrument to measure early childhood development status on a large scale in impoverished regions of China.

6.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079408

RESUMO

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder whose major pathophysiological basis is demonstrated as placental insulin resistance (IR), while Smad4 always functions in the signal transduction of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) pathway. Our study aims to figure out the role of Smad4 in an insulin resistance (IR) cellular model using placental trophoblast cell line. Importantly, HTR8-Svneo cells, in the status of IR, indicated a significant increase in the expression of Smad4. Subsequently, the HTR8-Svneo cell line with up-regulated or depleted Smad4 was respectively achieved by the effective over-expressed plasmid or siRNA of Smad4. We found out that the deficiency of Smad4 could promote the insulin sensitivity and restrict the inflammatory response in IR group of cells with significant augment in glucose uptake, up-regulation of insulin signalling-related molecules and attenuation in inflammatory biomarker expressions. On the contrary, the over-expression of Smad4 showed a reversal effect on these alterations in IR group of cells. Besides, the positive effect of Smad4 on cell viability was also observed in our study. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder whose major pathophysiological basis is demonstrated as insulin resistance (IR). Importantly, our findings indicate that the deficiency of Smad4 significantly improves the insulin sensitivity and relieves the inflammation in the cellular model of IR. Besides, the positive effect of Smad4 on cell viability was also observed in our study. Our present findings provide novel insights for the investigation on molecular details about the GDM pathogenesis.

7.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic value of using the gastric window in computed tomography for differentiation of early gastric cancer (T1 stage) from muscularis involvement (T2 stage). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with pathologically confirmed T1 stage and T2 stage gastric cancer and who underwent endoscopic resection or gastrectomy at our institution from January 2011 to November 2018 were examined. Each patient received an enhanced CT scan of the abdomen before the operation. T staging of tumors based on the CT scans was performed independently by two radiologists using the gastric window (width 150-200 HU, level 80-100 HU) and the abdominal window (width 350-400 HU, level 50 HU). RESULTS: Use of the gastric window to diagnose stage T1 EGC led to an accuracy of 88.9% for observer1 and 91.5% for observer2; use of the abdominal window led to an accuracy of 53.6% for observer1 and 51.6% (38/106) for observer2. Use of the gastric window to diagnose stage T2 led to an accuracy of 85.6% for observer1 and 82.4% for observer2; use of the abdominal window led to an accuracy of 52.3% for both observer1 and observer2. For observer1, use of the gastric window had a diagnostic accuracy of 69.2% for stage T1a and 62.5% for stage T1b; for observer2, the diagnostic accuracy was 65.1% for stage T1a and 67.0% for stage T1b. A Kappa test indicated moderate and substantial inter-observer agreement for T staging with gastric window (κ = 0.598, P < 0.001) and abdominal window (κ = 0.745, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Use of the gastric window in computed tomography provided more accurate staging for T1 and T2 stages of gastric cancer than the conventional abdominal window.

8.
Diabetologia ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104828

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Microglial activation in diabetic retinopathy and the protective effect of erythropoietin (EPO) have been extensively studied. However, the regulation of microglia in the retina and its relationship to inner blood-retinal barrier (iBRB) maintenance have not been fully characterised. In this study, we investigated the role of microglia in iBRB breakdown in diabetic retinopathy and the protective effects of EPO in this context. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally with streptozotocin (STZ) to establish the experimental model of diabetes. At 2 h after STZ injection, the right and left eyes were injected intravitreally with EPO (16 mU/eye, 2 µl) and an equivalent volume of normal saline (NaCl 154 mmol/l), respectively. The rats were killed at 2 or 8 weeks after diabetes onset. Microglia activation was detected by ionised calcium binding adaptor molecule (IBA)-1 immunolabelling. Leakage of the iBRB was evaluated by albumin staining and FITC-dextran permeability assay. BV2 cells and primary rat microglia under hypoxic conditions were used to model microglial activation in diabetic retinopathy. Phagocytosis was examined by confocal microscopy in flat-mounted retina preparations and in microglia and endothelial cell cocultures. Protein levels of IBA-1, CD11b, complement component 1r (C1r), and Src/Akt/cofilin signalling pathway components were assessed by western blotting. RESULTS: In diabetic rat retinas, phagocytosis of endothelial cells by activated microglia was observed at 8 weeks, resulting in an increased number of acellular capillaries (increased by 426.5%) and albumin leakage. Under hypoxic conditions, activated microglia transmigrated to the opposite membrane of the transwell, where they disrupted the endothelial cell monolayer by engulfing endothelial cells. The activation and phagocytic activity of microglia was blocked by intravitreal injection of EPO. In vitro, IBA-1, CD11b and C1r protein levels were increased by 50.9%, 170.0% and 135.5%, respectively, by hypoxia, whereas the phosphorylated proteins of Src/Akt/cofilin signalling pathway components were decreased by 74.2%, 47.8% and 39.7%, respectively, compared with the control; EPO treatment abrogated these changes. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: In experimental diabetic retinopathy, activated microglia penetrate the basement membrane of the iBRB and engulf endothelial cells, leading to iBRB breakdown. EPO exerts a protective effect that preserves iBRB integrity via activation of Src/Akt/cofilin signalling in microglia, as demonstrated in vitro. These data support a causal role for activated microglia in iBRB breakdown and highlight the therapeutic potential of EPO for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy. Graphical abstract.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 141768, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896733

RESUMO

Natural sunlight is a vital environmental element and plays a significant role in the ecological storage of reclaimed water (RW), but its impacts on RW quality are poorly understood. In this study, sunlight-induced changes in RW with a focus on dissolved organic matter (rDOM) and 52 residual micropollutants were investigated in the field during the summer and winter seasons. The results indicated that sunlight exposure led to the dissipation of chromophoric DOM (CDOM) in the summer (55% loss) and winter (19% loss) after 14 consecutive sunny days. During open storage of RW, CDOM absorption in UVC regions was preferentially removed in the summer, while during the winter there was preferential removal of CDOM in UVA regions. The results also showed higher fluorescent DOM (FDOM) removal in summer than in winter (49% and 28%, respectively). Results in both seasons indicated that humic acid-like compounds were the most photolabile fractions and were preferentially removed under sunlight exposure. Sunlight also induced attenuation of micropollutants in the summer and winter at reductions of 66% and 24% from the initial values, respectively. Significant attenuation (>75%) was only observed for endocrine-disrupting chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and sunscreens in the summer, but they accounted for 76% of the total concentrations. Vibrio fischeri toxicity tests demonstrated that sunlight constantly decreased the luminescent bacteria acute toxicity of RW, which was estimated to be caused mainly by the sunlight-induced changes of FDOM and CDOM, while the detected micropollutants could only explain 0.02%-2% of acute toxicity. These findings have important implications regarding our understanding of the ecological storage of reclaimed water and the contribution of management strategies.

10.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of various minimally invasive procedures for 10-20 mm pediatric renal stones by Bayesian network meta-analysis (NWA). METHODS: We searched clinical comparative trials published in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library from inception to 12 April 2020. Two researchers evaluated the quality and extracted data individually. Data was analyzed using STATA and GEMYC R package. RESULTS: The overall network meta-analytic outcome of stone free rate (SFR) in a single session revealed that Retrograde Intrarenal Stone Surgery (RIRS), miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) and PCNL showed superiority to extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). Statistical significance was not detected between any intervention from our pooled network analysis of complication rate. SMP was the most likely to ranking in first place to render stone free status, and it also showed the lowest risk possibility of complications. Mini-PCNL had longer operation time and hospitalization than ESWL. The global and loop inconsistency evaluation demonstrated a rather acceptable outcome apart from the comparisons of complication rate between two randomized control studies. DISCUSSION: Herein, the authors reviewed and explored the optimal management pattern for pediatric 10-20 mm renal stones. This NWA revealed RIRS and mPCNL could render higher SFR without increasing risk of complications compared with ESWL. Although SMP was deemed to be the best choice in our study, the limited source of study and sample size implied the results required to be further validated. In addition, there were still some problems requiring to be underlined for various surgical options. CONCLUSIONS: ESWL was inferior to RIRS, mPCNL and PCNL for 10-20 mm pediatric renal stones, among which SMP might be the most ideal option associated with the least possibility of complications and the highest probability of stone clearance.

11.
Eur J Radiol ; 132: 109277, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980726

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This work aimed to develop and validate a deep learning radiomics model for evaluating serosa invasion in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 572 gastric cancer patients were included in this study. Firstly, we retrospectively enrolled 428 consecutive patients (252 in the training set and 176 in the test set I) with pathological confirmed T3 or T4a. Subsequently, 144 patients who were clinically diagnosed cT3 or cT4a were prospectively allocated to the test set II. Histological verification was based on the surgical specimens. CT findings were determined by a panel of three radiologists. Conventional hand-crafted features and deep learning features were extracted from three phases CT images and were utilized to build radiomics signatures via machine learning methods. Incorporating the radiomics signatures and CT findings, a radiomics nomogram was developed via multivariable logistic regression. Its diagnostic ability was measured using receiver operating characteristiccurve analysis. RESULTS: The radiomics signatures, built with support vector machine or artificial neural network, showed good performance for discriminating T4a in the test I and II sets with area under curves (AUCs) of 0.76-0.78 and 0.79-0.84. The nomogram had powerful diagnostic ability in all training, test I and II sets with AUCs of 0.90 (95 % CI, 0.86-0.94), 0.87 (95 % CI, 0.82-0.92) and 0.90 (95 % CI, 0.85-0.96) respectively. The net reclassification index revealed that the radiomics nomogram had significantly better performance than the clinical model (p-values < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The deep learning radiomics model based on CT images is effective at discriminating serosa invasion in gastric cancer.

12.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(9)2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961938

RESUMO

A new type of chitosan-modified hyperbranched polymer (named HPDACS) was synthesized through the free-radical polymerization of surface-modified chitosan with acrylic acid (AA) and acrylamide (AM) to achieve an enhanced oil recovery. The optimal polymerization conditions of HPDACS were explored and its structure was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance, and environmental scanning electron microscopy. The solution properties of HPDACS in ultrapure water and simulated brine were deeply studied and then compared with those of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) and a dendritic polymer named HPDA. The experimental results showed that HPDACS has a good thickening ability, temperature resistance, and salt resistance. Its viscosity retention rate exceeded 79.49% after 90 days of aging, thus meeting the performance requirements of polymer flooding. After mechanical shearing, the viscosity retention rates of HPDACS in ultrapure water and simulated brine were higher than those of HPAM and HPDA, indicating its excellent shear resistance and good viscoelasticity. Following a 95% water cut after preliminary water flooding, 0.3 pore volume (PV) and 1500 mg/L HPDACS solution flooding and extended water flooding could further increase the oil recovery by 19.20%, which was higher than that by HPAM at 10.65% and HPDA at 13.72%. This finding indicates that HPDACS has great potential for oil displacement.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975209

RESUMO

In order to obtain novel botanical fungicides, three series of novel 6-substituted n-butyphthalide derivatives have been designed and synthesized via nucleophilic addition, reduction, nitrification, amination, sulfonation, Sandmeyer and Suzuki reaction. The mycelium growth rate method was used to evaluate the inhibition activity against eight phytopathogenic fungi in vitro. Preliminary bioassay tests showed that compounds 6f, 6n, 6p, 6r and 7a exhibited better activity for some fungi at 50 µg/mL than the positive drug hymexazol and lead compound n-butyphthalide (NBP). The preliminary structure-activity relationships indicated that the antifungal activity is significantly affected by the substituents on the benzene ring.

14.
Nat Methods ; 17(10): 958, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994565
15.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(9): 7107-7114, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880831

RESUMO

To better explore the application potential of heat shock protein Hsp70s in diverse areas including biomonitoring, a further investigation of the details of the regulatory mechanism governing Hsp70 transcription is required. A transcriptional factor ChGATA-4 that displayed affinity to the ChHsp70 promoter of Crassostrea hongkongensis was isolated and identified by DNA affinity purification as well as mass spectrometry analysis. The ChGATA-4 cDNA is 2162 bp in length and the open reading frame encodes a polypeptide containing 482 amino acids with a conserved zinc finger domain. The over-expression of ChGATA-4 significantly inhibited the expression of ChHsp70 promoter in heterologous HEK293T cells. However, the depletion of ChGATA-4 mRNA by RNAi technique resulted in significant increase of ChHsp70 transcription in oyster hemocytes. The RT-PCR results demonstrated that the transcription of both ChHsp70 and ChGATA-4 were induced by heat, Cd, or NP (Nonyl phenol) stress. This suggested a potential correlation between ChHsp70 and ChGATA-4 in the stress-mediated genetic regulatory cascade. This study demonstrated that ChGATA-4 acts in a negative manner in controlling ChHsp70 transcription in C. hongkongensis and promotes to further understand the mechanisms leading Hsp70 transcription.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3700-3706, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893561

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the growth and metastasis of human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells and its underlying mechanisms. MTT assay was used to detect the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells. Flow cytometry was used to examine the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the apoptosis, cell cycle, and ROS level of NCI-H1299 cells. Wound healing assay was used to evaluate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells. Western blot was used to detect the levels of proteins involving apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT), and MAPK signaling pathway in NCI-H1299 cells exposed to Huaier aqueous extract. The results showed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells, and induced cell-cycle arrest at the phase S. Huaier aqueous extract promoted the apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by down-regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Moreover, Huaier aqueous extract increased ROS level and induced ferroptosis in NCI-H1299 cells. EMT played a critical role in cancer metastasis. Huaier aqueous extract reduced the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells by inhibiting EMT of NCI-H1299 cells. In addition, this study revealed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited MAPK signaling pathway in human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells, which may be one of Huaier's mechanisms in inhibiting growth and metastasis of NCI-H1299 cells. This study provides a new theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of lung cancer with Huaier, and important reference significance for further studies on the anti-tumor mechanisms of Huaier.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Misturas Complexas , Humanos , Trametes
17.
Chemosphere ; 254: 126891, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957291

RESUMO

Gut microbiota executes many beneficial functions. In this study, the relationship between gut microbiota and ovarian development in the swimming crab P. trituberculatus was explored for the first time. A total of 28 phyla and 422 genera were identified across all samples. However, 105 differential operational taxonomic units, and four differential phyla (Gemmatimonadetes, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Marinimicrobia_(SAR406_clade)) were identified. At the genus level, 42 differential genera were identified and 144 bacterial indicators were identified. A key finding was that the relative abundance of 139 indicator bacteria detected in the anisomycin-2 mg/kg group (AK group) was higher than that of blank group (BK group), control group (CK group), SP600125-15 mg/kg group (SK group). In addition, the relative abundance of three indicator bacteria (OTU_236, OTU_1395, OTU_552) detected in the SK group was higher than that of the BK, CK and AK groups. It was also found that the relative abundance of 20 differential genera (Methyloversatilis, Coprococcus_1, Erysipelotrichaceae_UCG_003, Rikenella, Corynebacterium, Ruminiclostridium, Fusicatenibacter, [Eubacterium]_ruminantium_group, Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group, Bifidobacterium, Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Ruminococcaceae_UCG_014, Christensenellaceae_R_7_group, uncultured_Bacteroidales_bacterium, Coprococcus_2, Desulfovibrio, Aggregatibacter, Ambiguous_taxa, Alloprevotella and Ruminococcaceae_NK4A214_group) in the SK, BK, CK, and AK group samples were increasing. These differential genera may reveal the relationship between gut microbial communities and ovarian development in P. trituberculatus after injection with the JNK pathway inhibitor SP600125 or the activator anisomycin. In summary, this study provides a new understanding into the relationship between gut microbiota and ovarian development in response to stimulation with inhibitor or activator.


Assuntos
Braquiúros/fisiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Microbiota , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Natação
18.
Urolithiasis ; 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776245

RESUMO

The aim of this research is to compare the efficiency and safety between endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) in the Galdakao-modified Supine Valdivia (GMSV) position and minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini-PCNL) in a single session for the treatment of complex nephrolithiasis. 140 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with multiple pyelocaliceal stones or staghorn renal calculi were enrolled and reviewed retrospectively. Demographic, clinical information and surgical outcomes were collected and analyzed. Demographic variables and stone characteristics did not show statistically differences. Over 80% of the patients were diagnosed with multiple pyelocaliceal stones, while the remainders were branched renal calculi. Over half of the patients were classified into medium and high Seoul National University Renal Stone Complexity scoring system (S-ReSC) score groups. The stone free rate (SFR) in the single session was significantly higher in the ECIRS group than in the Mini-PCNL group (88.06% vs. 66.67%, P = 0.003). The subgroup analysis revealed that ECIRS was more efficacious than Mini-PCNL for complex renal calculi with medium and high S-ReSC scores (P = 0.002). A nonsignificant but relatively lower postoperative complication rate was noted in the ECIRS group (7.5 vs. 16.0%, P = 0.12). With the exception of postoperative hospitalization days (P < 0.001), significant difference was not detected between the two groups for other procedure-related information. ECIRS in the GMSV position is an effective and safe treatment especially for medium and severe complex nephrolithiasis, with significant higher SFR in the single session and relatively low procedure-associated morbidity compared to Mini-PCNL.

19.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787378

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread rapidly, which now has turned into a pandemic. The new emerging infectious disease has raised many challenges and uncertainties regarding disease management and prognosis in immunocompromised patient populations. The risk of COVID-19 among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has different opinions. Some scholars speculated that patients with HIV may be at decreased risk for complications of COVID-19 because HIV antiretroviral medications may have activity against coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV-2. But others have the opposite because of the immunosuppression for HIV patients. Here we reported a case of HIV-infected patient confirmed with COVID-19 and had a favourable prognosis. The patient was a 24-year-old male who was diagnosed with HIV infection 2 years ago and then followed a regular antiretroviral therapy (ART). After infected with COVID-19, the patient had no other clinical symptoms and laboratory abnormalities throughout the course of the disease except presented with fever for a short-term (2 days), and no secondary infection or exacerbation occurred after admission in hospital. Follow-up chest CT showed that the lung lesions disappeared within a short period of time. After standard treatment by 9 days, the patient was cured and discharged. This report highlights the importance of ART for HIV-infected persons, and with regular ART for HIV patients may reduce adverse consequences after infection with COVID-19.

20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4028, 2020 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788591

RESUMO

Changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration have played a central role in algal and plant adaptation and evolution. The commercially important red algal genus, Pyropia (Bangiales) appears to have responded to inorganic carbon (Ci) availability by evolving alternating heteromorphic generations that occupy distinct habitats. The leafy gametophyte inhabits the intertidal zone that undergoes frequent emersion, whereas the sporophyte conchocelis bores into mollusk shells. Here, we analyze a high-quality genome assembly of Pyropia yezoensis to elucidate the interplay between Ci availability and life cycle evolution. We find horizontal gene transfers from bacteria and expansion of gene families (e.g. carbonic anhydrase, anti-oxidative related genes), many of which show gametophyte-specific expression or significant up-regulation in gametophyte in response to dehydration. In conchocelis, the release of HCO3- from shell promoted by carbonic anhydrase provides a source of Ci. This hypothesis is supported by the incorporation of 13C isotope by conchocelis when co-cultured with 13C-labeled CaCO3.


Assuntos
Carbono/metabolismo , Genoma , Rodófitas/genética , Rodófitas/metabolismo , Movimentos da Água , Exoesqueleto/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Composição de Bases/genética , Evolução Biológica , Carbonato de Cálcio/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/genética , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/genética , Dosagem de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transferência Genética Horizontal/genética , Moluscos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ploidias , Rodófitas/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
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