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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 581: 96-102, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the mechanisms of Nogo-B (RTN4B) in the protection of blood-retinal barrier in experimental diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: The level of Nogo-B in vitreous and plasma samples was detected with ELISA. Diabetes was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The rats were injected intravitreally with adeno-associated virus (AAV) for knockdown the expression of Nogo-B in retina or/and as AAV negative control. The permeability of blood-retinal barrier was detected with Rhodamine-B-dextran leakage assay. The expressions of Nogo-B, junctional proteins, inflammatory factors and signaling pathways were examined with Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Nogo-B expression was significantly upregulated in clinical samples and experimental diabetic rat models. Under normal condition, Nogo-B knockdown resulted in the increased permeability of retinal blood vessels. In diabetic rat retinas, the vascular leakage was increased significantly, which was partially decreased by Nogo-B knockdown through increasing p/t-Src (Tyr529) and p/t-Akt (Ser473), and decreasing p/t-ERK1/2. CONCLUSION: Nogo-B was increased in diabetic retinopathy and silencing Nogo-B is a promising therapy for diabetic retinopathy.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 52: 128410, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626784

RESUMO

Four series of cajanonic acid A (CAA) derivatives have been designed and synthesized. The newly prepared compounds have been screened for glucose consumption activity in HepG2 cell lines and PPARγ antagonistic activity in HEK293 cell lines. Compound 26g bearing a tetrahydroisoquinolinone scaffold showed the most potent PPARγ antagonistic and hypoglycemic activities. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed and the results further confirmed that 26g was a potent hypoglycemic agent. In addition, the possible binding modes for compound 26g in the PPARγ protein have been investigated in this study.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 1): 186-192, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626965

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Transparent superhydrophilic coatings are very promising in various scenarios. Appropriate fabrication of colloid coatings with superhydrophilicity both in air and under oil would enlarge their application potential in anti-oil fouling and facilitate anti-fogging of transparent surfaces. EXPERIMENTS: The Barite colloid was obtained from a one-step precipitation method and was transferred onto glasses to prepare transparent coatings with different thicknesses simply by dip-coating. Then, the impact of thickness on wettability and property was studied through the investigation of wettability in various phase, anti-crude oil fouling performance and anti-fogging ability. FINDINGS: Similar surface morphology and roughness of these coatings were achieved and all the coated surfaces showed ultra-hydrophilicity both in air and under oil. Moreover, the hydrophilicity in air and under oil was found to deteriorate with the decrease of coatings' thickness and dual superhydrophilicity could be achieved on thick coatings. More importantly, excellent anti-crude oil fouling property and durable anti-fogging ability were realized on these transparent coatings with dual superhydrophilicity.

4.
Nat Methods ; 18(10): 1146, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608313
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682671

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) isotopes have been widely used to identify and quantify Pb contamination in the environment. Here, the Pb isotopes, as well as the current contamination levels of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr, Ni, Cd, As, and Hg, were investigated in soil and sediment from the historical gold mining area upstream of Miyun Reservoir, Beijing, China. The sediment had higher 206Pb/207Pb ratios (1.137 ± 0.0111) than unpolluted soil did (1.167 ± 0.0029), while the soil samples inside the mining area were much more variable (1.121 ± 0.0175). The mean concentrations (soil/sediment in mg·kg-1) of Pb (2470/42.5), Zn (181/113), Cu (199/36.7), Cr (117/68.8), Ni (40.4/28.9), Cd (0.791/0.336), As (8.52/5.10), and Hg (0.168/0.000343) characterized the soil/sediment of the studied area with mean Igeo values of the potentially toxic element (PTE) ranging from -4.71 to 9.59 for soil and from -3.39 to 2.43 for sediment. Meanwhile, principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) coupled with Pearson's correlation coefficient among PTEs indicated that the major source of the Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd contamination was likely the mining activities. Evidence from Pb isotopic fingerprinting and a binary mixing model further confirmed that Pb contamination in soil and sediment came from mixed sources that are dominated by mining activity. These results highlight the persistence of PTE contamination in the historical mining site and the usefulness of Pb isotopes combined with multivariate statistical analysis to quantify contamination from mining activities.

6.
Chin Med Sci J ; 36(3): 187-195, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666871

RESUMO

The recent spring up of the antineoplastic agents and the prolonged survival bring both challenge and chance to radiological practice. Radiological methods including CT, MRI and PET play an increasingly important role in evaluating the efficacy of these antineoplastic drugs. However, different antineoplastic agents potentially induce different radiological signs, making it a challenge for radiological response evaluation, which depends mainly on one-sided morphological response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) in the status quo of clinical practice. This brings opportunities for the development of radiomics, which is promising to serve as a surrogate for response evaluations of anti-tumor treatments. In this article, we introduce the basic concepts of radiomics, review the state-of-art radiomics researches with highlights of radiomics application in predictions of molecular biomarkers, treatment response, and prognosis. We also provide in-depth analyses on major obstacles and future direction of this new technique in clinical investigations on new antineoplastic agents.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(5)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476501

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on cell apoptosis and oxidative stress in H2O2­induced vertebral endplate chondrocytes (EPCs), and to assess the associated mechanisms involved. Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit­8 method and TUNEL assay, respectively. In addition, the scavenging capability was detected using various enzymatic assays, and the quantity of nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) were assessed. The expression levels of apoptosis­related proteins, activation of the nuclear factor erythroid 2­related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase­1 (HO­1) signaling pathway induced by H2O2 and the effect of treatment with ANP on vertebral EPCs were detected by western blotting. The results revealed that ANP protected EPCs from H2O2­induced cell damage. H2O2­induced intracellular MDA was decreased by ANP, and the levels of SOD and NO were increased in the presence of ANP. ANP also inhibited the H2O2­induced alterations in the expression levels of cleaved­caspase­3, Bax and Bcl­2. Finally, ANP blocked H2O2­induced oxidative stress through activating the Nrf2/HO­1 signaling pathway. These findings suggested that ANP may effectively protect EPCs through inhibition of H2O2­induced oxidant injury and cell death by activating the Nrf2/HO­1 signaling pathway.

8.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583417

RESUMO

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been described to partially overlap with Kawasaki disease (KD) with regard to clinical symptoms, but they are unlikely to share the same disease entity. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to characterize the laboratory parameters of MIS-C compared with those of KD and Kawasaki disease shock syndrome (KDSS). Databases were searched for studies on laboratory parameters of MIS-C (hematology, inflammatory markers, cardiac markers, and biochemistry) through May 31, 2021. Twelve studies with 3073 participants yielded 969 MIS-C patients. In terms of hematology, MIS-C patients had lower levels of leukocytes, absolute lymphocyte count and platelet count (PLT) than KD patients and had similar absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and hemoglobin (Hb) levels. In terms of inflammatory markers, MIS-C patients had higher levels of C-reactive protein, D-dimer and ferritin than KD patients and had similar levels of procalcitonin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). In terms of cardiac markers, MIS-C patients had higher CPK levels than KD patients. The levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, troponin and aspartate aminotransferase were not significantly different between MIS-C and KD patients. In terms of biochemistry, MIS-C patients had lower levels of albumin, sodium and alanine aminotransferase and higher levels of creatinine than KD patients. In addition, MIS-C patients had lower levels of PLT, Hb and ESR and higher levels of ANC than KDSS patients. Measurement of laboratory parameters might assist clinicians with accurate evaluation of MIS-C and further mechanistic research.

9.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(26): 6513-6521, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476524

RESUMO

Vulgarisins are members of diterpenoids with rare 5/6/4/5 ring skeleton from Prunella vulgaris Linn. (P. vulgaris). Their molecular scaffolds comprise different hydroxylation and degree of esterification. Vulgarisins have attracted many attentions in the fields of food and medicine for their potent bioactivities. Firstly, four reference compounds were analyzed by higher-energy collisional dissociation mass spectrometry (HCD MS/MS) and the fragmentation patterns for molecular scaffold were summarized. And then, a high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization/high-resolution mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-HR-MS) method was adopted to investigate the P. vulgaris extracts. Finally, the proposed analysis results were successfully applied to facilitate the discovery of the vulgarisins analogues from P. vulgaris. For the four reference compounds, the sodium adduct was the predominate ion in full scan. A specific fragmentation pathway of [M+Na]+ ions leads to produce diagnostic ions of vulgarisins at m/z 325 under HCD, which was formed through consecutive-side chains lost. Twenty-three diterpenoids, including 18 vulgarisins analogues, were identified or tentatively characterized in the botanical extracts of P. vulgaris based on their elemental constituents and characteristic fragment ion profiles. Two new vulgarisins analogues in the plant were isolated and their structures were illustrated based on extensive spectroscopic analysis using 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The HCD MS/MS method, including the profiles of the diagnostic ions induced by characteristic fragmentation, is an effective technique for the discovery of vulgarisins analogues in P. vulgaris. The expected fragmentation pattern knowledge will also facilitate the analysis of other natural products.

10.
Nat Methods ; 18(9): 986, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480160
11.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 604-611, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caregivers of children with disabilities might face high risk of anxiety, but the specific influencing factors may be different between parents and grandparents. This study is to explore the influencing modifiable factors from personal and environmental dimensions, so as to provide practical reference for effectively preventing and alleviating anxiety of this population. METHODS: A total of 504 primary caregivers were investigated in Shanghai, China, of which 496 parents and grandparents were included in the analysis. Risk of anxiety was measured by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) Scale. Descriptive statistics, univariate analysis, and multivariable logistic regression were performed to describe the personal and environmental characteristics of parents and grandparents, risk of anxiety, and identify the significant factors. RESULTS: 35.1% of the total caregivers had the risk of anxiety, parents (35.8%) were slightly more anxious than grandparents (33.1%). Among parents, children's stable emotion (AOR=0.263, 95% CI=0.113, 0.611), higher household income (AOR=0.664; 95% CI=0.519, 0.850), owning a house (AOR=0.326; 95% CI=0.174, 0.610), and better barrier-free construction (AOR=0.400; 95% CI=0.170, 0.941) were associated with lower odds of anxiety. As for grandparents, significant association was merely found in caregiving time (AOR=2.936; 95% CI=1.064, 8.107). LIMITATIONS: Given the cross-sectional design, we would not infer causal relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety among family caregivers of children with disabilities was not encouraging and need to be urgently concerned. To reach optimal efficiency, intergenerational differences should be considered when health care providers and policy makers taking measures to facilitate the mental health of this population.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 728800, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513961

RESUMO

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common chronic disease in the elderly. Frailty can accelerate the development of CHD and lead to adverse health outcomes. Risk prediction and decision-making for frailty are crucial. The peripheral hemoglobin-to-red blood cell distribution width ratio (HRR) is a novel biomarker of inflammation. Our purpose was to explore the correlation between HRR and frailty in elderly patients with CHD. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated 245 Chinese hospitalized patients with CHD. Blood parameters measured upon admission were obtained via the hospital electronic information medical record system. The Fried Frailty Phenotype Scale was used to evaluate the frailty status of the participants. The Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off values of HRR. We used univariate analysis to examine the potential factors affecting frailty. Kendall's tau-b grade correlation was used to analyze the correlation between HRR and frailty. The ordered logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between HRR and frailty. Results: A total of 233 elderly patients with CHD were included in our study. Among the patients, 33.48% (78) were in a state of frailty. The optimal cut-off values of HRR was 9.76. The area under the curve (AUC) for HRR in the frailty patients was 0.652, exceed Hb (AUC = 0.618) and RDW (AUC = 0.650). Kendall's tau-b grade correlation analysis showed that HRR (K = -0.296, P < 0.001) was negatively correlated with frailty. The ordered logistic regression analysis determined that lower HRR was associated with frailty (P < 0.05) after adjusted for age, body mass index, number of drugs, comorbidity index, heart failure, red blood cells, albumin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Conclusion: Lower HRR is an independent risk factor for frailty in elderly hospitalized patients with CHD. HRR was a more powerful prognostic indicator for frailty than either Hb or RDW alone. Clinicians should focus on timely identification of the risk of frailty in order to improve patient quality of life and to reduce the risk of complications.

13.
Nat Methods ; 18(8): 857, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354286
14.
Adv Ther ; 38(10): 5412-5423, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417990

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: From previous studies of pharmacodynamic data in mice, rats, beagle dogs and mini pigs, frequently in direct comparison to induction doses of propofol, ciprofol produced a rapid onset of anesthesia/sedation. METHODS: A phase 1 study suggested potential clinical advantages of ciprofol as a sedation/anesthetic agent, with no evidence of drug-related toxicity. However, the sedation effects and safety of ciprofol in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with mechanical ventilation should be further confirmed in a phase 3 study with a larger cohort of patients. During a phase 3, non-inferiority, multicenter, single-blind, randomized, propofol controlled trial, Chinese ICU patients undergoing mechanical ventilation and requiring endotracheal intubation will be sedated for 6-24 h after randomization. Considering a success rate for ICU sedation of 99% for ciprofol and the positive control drug propofol, a total sample size of 120 subjects with mechanical ventilation will be required to achieve 80% power to determine non-inferiority with a margin of 8%. Finally, taking into account 10% losses, 135 patients will be enrolled and randomly assigned to ciprofol (90 cases) and propofol (45 cases) groups in a 2:1 ratio. The primary outcome will be the success rate of sedation satisfied by the following conditions: the time within the range of Richmond Agitation and Sedation Score (+ 1 ~ - 2) must account for ≥ 70% of the study drug administration time and without other rescue treatments. Secondary outcomes will include the average time to reach the sedation goal, study drug usage, rescue medication given per unit weight, extubation time, recovery time to full consciousness and nursing scores. Safety endpoints will include adverse events (AEs), drug related AEs and serious AEs. PLANNED OUTCOMES: The results of this study will provide crucial information on the use of ciprofol for sedation of patients in ICUs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT04620031.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Respiração Artificial , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Cães , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Camundongos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ratos , Método Simples-Cego , Suínos , Porco Miniatura
15.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 4677-4685, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447262

RESUMO

Purpose: Most studies that examined the relationship between internet use and sleep were conducted mainly in children and adolescents, and we know little about the use of internet among adults. The purpose of this study is to understand the internet use patterns of Chinese adults and to measure their associations with sleep duration from variety, frequency and type. Methods: A total of 19,730 samples were selected from 2018 data of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal study. Internet usage was obtained by specific questions, and the range of sleep period was grouped according to recommendations from the National Sleep Foundation. Kruskal-Wallis H-test and the chi-squared test were used for basic descriptive analysis, and multinomial logistic regression was used to analyze the relationships between internet use and sleep duration. Stata version 15.0 was used for data cleaning, and SPSS version 20.0 was used for statistics analysis. Results: After screening, a total of 6346 persons were included in the analysis, of which 3148 (49.61%) were males and 3198 (50.39%) were females. Age ranged from 21 to 95 years, most persons were over 45 years old, with the median age of 56 years. Only 1180 (18.59%) participants used the internet, and almost all of them used mobile phones (1137, 96.36%), the other three types were desktop computer (232, 19.66%), laptop computer (69, 5.85%) and tablet (73, 6.19%). There were 912 (77.28%) and 268 (22.71%) participants who used only one and two or more types, respectively. In the unadjusted model, both short sleep and long sleep were associated with internet use compared with normal sleep duration (0.806 [0.708-0.918] p = 0.001; 0.345 [0.251-0.475] p < 0.000). After adjusting for all covariates, the association between long sleep and internet use still persisted (0.612 [0.433-0.865] p = 0.005), but no significant difference was found in short sleep (0.929 [0.803-1.075] p = 0.325). Conclusion: Internet use was found to be closely associated with sleep and the duration of sleep negatively affected, which may provide new ideas for sleep hygiene recommendations and healthy media use. This conclusion needs more evidence to support.

16.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 277, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LncRNA DLGAP1-AS2 plays an oncogenic role in glioma, while its role in other cancers is unknown. This study aimed to study the role of DLGAP1-AS2 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Expression of DLGAP1-AS2 in NSCLC and paired non-tumor tissues from 64 NSCLC patients and the prognostic value of DLGAP1-AS2 for NSCLC were analyzed by performing a 5-year follow-up study. The interaction between DLGAP1-AS2 and miR-503 was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay, and their relationship was explored in NSCLC cells transfected with DLGAP1-AS2 expression vector or miR-503 mimic. The roles of DLGAP1-AS2 and miR-503 in regulating cyclin D1 expression were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 assay. RESULTS: DLGAP1-AS2 was upregulated in NSCLC and predicted poor survival. Interaction between DLGAP1-AS2 and miR-503 was confirmed by dual luciferase activity assay. Overexpression experiments showed that DLGAP1-AS2 and miR-503 overexpression failed to significantly affect the expression of each other. Interestingly, DLGAP1-AS2 overexpression upregulated cyclin D1, a target of miR-503, increased cell proliferation and reduced the effects of miR-503 overexpression on cyclin D1 expression and cell proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: DLGAP1-AS2 may regulate miR-503/cyclin D1 to promote cell proliferation in NSCLC.

17.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 11(8): 3854-3866, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341754

RESUMO

The adrenal gland is small in size and hidden in location. Adrenal tumors are relatively difficult to diagnose due to the wide variety of tumors and partial overlap of image features. Cinematic rendering (CR) is a novel, three-dimensional post-processing technology that simulates how light propagates in the real world, providing high-resolution visualizations that truly present subtle anatomical details. We retrospectively collected a series of pathologically confirmed adrenal tumor cases, raw data was introduced into the post-processing workstation, and different tools and templates of CR software were used for reconstruction and rendering. Compared with traditional black and white two-dimensional images and three-dimensional volume rendering (VR) images, CR images were more colorful, layered, and closer to the truth. CR has potential in diagnosing and preoperative planning of adrenal tumors, allowing vivid and realistic visualization of tumor location, morphology, different components (solid, cystic, fat, calcification, etc.), the pattern of enhancement, and the relationship with surrounding tissues and organs.

18.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(14): 1129, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430570

RESUMO

Background: Urolithiasis is a global disease with a high incidence and recurrence rate, and stone composition is closely related to the choice of treatment and preventive measures. Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) is the most common in clinical practice, which is hard and difficult to fragment. Preoperative identification of its components and selection of effective surgical methods can reduce the risk of patients having a second operation. Methods that can be used for stone composition analysis include infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and polarized light microscopy, but they are all performed on stone specimens in vitro after surgery. This study aimed to design and develop an artificial intelligence (AI) model based on unenhanced computed tomography (CT) images of the urinary tract, and to investigate the predictive ability of the model for COM stones in vivo preoperatively, so as to provide surgeons with more accurate diagnostic information. Methods: Preoperative unenhanced CT images of patients with urinary calculi whose components were determined by infrared spectroscopy in a single center were retrospectively analyzed, including 337 cases of COM stones and 170 of non-COM stones. All images were manually segmented and the image features were extracted, and randomly divided into the training and testing sets in a ratio of 7:3. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operation algorithm (LASSO) was used to construct the AI model, and classification of the training and testing sets was carried out. Results: A total of 1,218 radiomics imaging features were extracted, and 8 features with non-zero coefficients were finally obtained. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the AI model were 90.5%, 84.3% and 88.5% for the training set, and 90.1%, 84.3% and 88.3% for the testing set. The area under the curve was 0.935 for the training set and 0.933 for the testing set. Conclusions: The AI model based on unenhanced CT images of the urinary tract can predict COM and non-COM stones in vivo preoperatively, and the model has high sensitivity, specificity and accuracy.

19.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443429

RESUMO

A series of 16 new derivatives of harmine N9-Cinnamic acid were synthesized and fully characterized using NMR and MS. The in vitro antibacterial evaluation revealed that most of the synthesized harmine derivatives displayed better antibacterial activities against Gram-positive strains (S. aureus, S. albus and MRSA) than Gram-negative strains (E. coli and PA). In particular, compound 3c showed the strongest bactericidal activity with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 13.67 µg/mL. MTT assay showed that compound 3c displayed weaker cytotoxicity than harmine with IC50 of 340.30, 94.86 and 161.67 µmol/L against WI-38, MCF-7 and HepG2 cell lines, respectively. The pharmacokinetic study revealed that the distribution and elimination of 3c in vivo were rapid in rats with an oral bioavailability of 6.9%.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Cinamatos/síntese química , Cinamatos/farmacocinética , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cinamatos/administração & dosagem , Cinamatos/química , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Conformação Molecular , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Nat Methods ; 18(7): 711, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239099
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