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1.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 8809-8819, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866939

RESUMO

Purpose: Hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been shown to correlate with prognosis in patients with malignant tumors. The present study evaluated the relationship between preoperative hyperuricemia and MetS in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and analyzed the effect of this combination on prognosis within 5 years. Patients and Methods: The study enrolled patients who had undergone radical CRC resection at three independent medical centers from January 2014 to December 2016. Patients were preoperatively categorized into four groups, those with hyperuricemia alone (H), those with MetS alone (MS), those with MetS-related hyperuricemia (MSH), and those with neither condition (control [C] group). The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of these four groups were compared. Results: The study population consisted of 1271 patients, with 114, 201, 101, and 855 patients categorized into the H, MS, MSH and C groups, respectively. Preoperative MetS was found to be significantly associated with hyperuricemia (P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that MetS-related hyperuricemia (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.728; P < 0.001) and MetS alone (HR = 1.631; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of death, whereas simple hyperuricemia was not (P > 0.1). Relative to the C group, the MSH group had the highest rate of tumor recurrence or metastasis (HR = 5.103, P < 0.001), followed by the MS (HR = 2.231, P < 0.001) group. In contrast, prognosis did not differ significantly in the H and C groups (P > 0.1). MetS was significantly associated with poor prognosis, with MetS-related hyperuricemia resulting in a significantly poorer prognosis. In contrast, hyperuricemia alone had no effect on the long-term prognosis of CRC patients. Conclusion: This study highlights the prognostic importance of MetS-related hyperuricemia on the survival of patients with CRC.

2.
Metabolism ; 128: 154958, 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34958817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) incidence and prevalence increasing, it is necessary to identify patients with advanced fibrosis (F3-F4 stages). We evaluated the performance of new biomarkers and algorithms for diagnosing advanced fibrosis in an Asian population. METHODS: Data from two Asian cohorts (including 851 biopsy-proven MAFLD [578 from Wenzhou, 273 from Hong Kong]) were studied. The association between N-terminal propeptide of type 3 collagen (PRO-C3) and the histologic stage of liver fibrosis was analyzed by multivariable linear regression. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to test the diagnostic performance of serum PRO-C3 and the ADAPT score for advanced fibrosis and compared them to other established non-invasive tests. RESULTS: Serum PRO-C3 levels increased progressively across liver fibrosis stages and correlated with advanced fibrosis (P < 0.001). The ADAPT score had an AUROC of 0.865 (95% confidence interval 0.829-0.901) for advanced fibrosis; the accuracy, sensitivity and negative predictive values were 81.4%, 82.2% and 96.1%, respectively. This result was better compared to that of PRO-C3 alone or other non-invasive fibrosis biomarkers (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, Fibrosis-4, BARD, and NAFLD fibrosis score). In subgroup analyses (including sex, age, diabetes, NAFLD activity score, body mass index or serum alanine aminotransferase levels), the ADAPT score had good diagnostic performance. CONCLUSION: PRO-C3 and the ADAPT score reliably exclude advanced fibrosis in MAFLD patients and reduce the need for liver biopsy.

3.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(16): 3624-3630, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790034

RESUMO

Rationale: Since non-invasive tests for prediction of liver fibrosis have a poor diagnostic performance for detecting low levels of fibrosis, it is important to explore the diagnostic capabilities of other non-invasive tests to diagnose low levels of fibrosis. We aimed to evaluate the performance of radiomics based on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in predicting any liver fibrosis in individuals with biopsy-proven metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Methods: A total of 22 adults with biopsy-confirmed MAFLD, who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT, were enrolled in this study. Sixty radiomics features were extracted from whole liver region of interest in 18F-FDG PET images. Subsequently, the minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR) method was performed and a subset of two features mostly related to the output classes and low redundancy between them were selected according to an event per variable of 5. Logistic regression, Support Vector Machine, Naive Bayes, 5-Nearest Neighbor and linear discriminant analysis models were built based on selected features. The predictive performances were assessed by the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: The mean (SD) age of the subjects was 38.5 (10.4) years and 17 subjects were men. 12 subjects had histological evidence of any liver fibrosis. The coarseness of neighborhood grey-level difference matrix (NGLDM) and long-run emphasis (LRE) of grey-level run length matrix (GLRLM) were selected to predict fibrosis. The logistic regression model performed best with an AUROC of 0.817 [95% confidence intervals, 0.595-0.947] for prediction of liver fibrosis. Conclusion: These preliminary data suggest that 18F-FDG PET radiomics may have clinical utility in assessing early liver fibrosis in MAFLD.

4.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839623

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with metabolic dysfunction. Among the multiple factors, genetic variation acts as important modifiers. Klotho, an enzyme encoded by the klotho (KL) gene in human, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic dysfunctions. However, the impact of variants in KL on NAFLD risk remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of KL rs495392 C>A polymorphism on the histological severity of NAFLD. Methods: We evaluated the impact of the KL rs495392 polymorphism on liver histology in 531 Chinese with NAFLD and replicated that in the population-based Rotterdam Study cohort. The interactions between the rs495392 and vitamin D and patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 polymorphism were also analyzed. Results: Carriage of the rs495392 A allele had a protective effect on steatosis severity (OR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.42 - 0.89, P = 0.010) in Chinese patients. After adjustment for potential confounders, the A allele remained significant with a protective effect (OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.45 - 0.98, P = 0.040). The effect on hepatic steatosis was confirmed in the Rotterdam Study cohort. Additional analysis showed the association between serum vitamin D levels and NAFLD specifically in rs495392 A allele carriers, but not in non-carriers. Moreover, we found that the rs495392 A allele attenuated the detrimental impact of PNPLA3 rs738409 G allele on the risk of severe hepatic steatosis. Conclusions: The KL rs495392 polymorphism has a protective effect against hepatic steatosis in patients with NAFLD.

5.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 32(9): 758-764, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caspase-cleaved K18 (cK18) may accurately reflect hepatocyte apoptosis in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, NASH can also exist within the normal range of cK18. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors and characteristics of NASH within the normal serum levels of cK18. METHODS: In the study, 227 histopathologically confirmed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients with normal cK18 levels (≤200 U/L), measured in serum using ELISA kits, were enrolled. The Rs738409 allele, coding patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3), was detected by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis was defined as an NAFLD activity score (NAS) ≥5 with each part >0. RESULTS: The prevalence of NASH was 31.7% among NAFLD patients with normal serum cK18 levels. Compared with non-NASH, NASH had a higher possibility of occurrence with central obesity, insulin resistance, and the G allele of PNPLA3. The mean serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were higher in NASH patients. Moreover, ALT, AST, TC, LDL-C, central obesity, and the PNPLA3 G allele were risk factors for NASH in NAFLD patients with normal serum cK18 levels, with odds ratios of 1.01 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.02), 1.03 (95% CI: 1.01, 1.05), 1.33 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.68), 1.41 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.92), 2.19 (95% CI: 1.15, 4.18), and 2.48 (95% CI: 1.15, 5.36), respectively; all P < .05. CONCLUSIONS: The major risk factors for NASH were central obesity, AST, and the PNPLA3 G allele, in NAFLD with low hepatocyte apoptosis.

6.
Liver Int ; 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There remains a need to develop a non-invasive, accurate and easy-to-use tool to identify patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Successful clinical and preclinical applications demonstrate the ability of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) techniques to improve medical diagnostics. We aimed to develop and validate a diagnostic tool, based on QUS analysis, for identifying NASH. METHODS: A total of 259 Chinese individuals with biopsy-proven non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were enrolled in the study. The histological spectrum of NAFLD was classified according to the NASH clinical research network scoring system. Radiofrequency (RF) data, raw data of iLivTouch, was acquired for further QUS analysis. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method was used to select the most useful predictive features. RESULTS: Eighteen candidate RF parameters were reduced to two significant parameters by shrinking the regression coefficients with the LASSO method. We built a novel QUS score based on these two parameters, and this QUS score showed good discriminatory capacity and calibration for identifying NASH both in the training set (area under the ROC curve [AUROC]: 0.798, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.731-0.865; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, P = .755) and in the validation set (AUROC: 0.816, 95% CI 0.725-0.906; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, P = .397). Subgroup analysis showed that the QUS score performed well in different subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The QUS score, which was developed from QUS, provides a novel, non-invasive and practical way for identifying NASH.

7.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-8, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176541

RESUMO

Sarcopenic obesity is regarded as a risk factor for the progression and development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Since male sex is a risk factor for NAFLD and skeletal muscle mass markedly varies between the sexes, we examined whether sex influences the association between appendicular skeletal muscle mass to visceral fat area ratio (SVR), that is, an index of skeletal muscle mass combined with abdominal obesity, and the histological severity of NAFLD. The SVR was measured by bioelectrical impedance in a cohort of 613 (M/F = 443/170) Chinese middle-aged individuals with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Multivariable logistic regression and subgroup analyses were used to test the association between SVR and the severity of NAFLD (i.e. non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or NASH with the presence of any stage of liver fibrosis). NASH was identified by a NAFLD activity score ≥5, with a minimum score of 1 for each of its categories. The presence of fibrosis was classified as having a histological stage ≥1. The SVR was inversely associated with NASH in men (adjusted OR 0·62; 95 % CI 0·42, 0·92, P = 0·017 for NASH, adjusted OR 0·65; 95 % CI 0·43, 0·99, P = 0·043 for NASH with the presence of fibrosis), but not in women (1·47 (95 % CI 0·76, 2·83), P = 0·25 for NASH, and 1·45 (95 % CI 0·74, 2·83), P = 0·28 for NASH with the presence of fibrosis). There was a significant interaction for sex and SVR (Pinteraction = 0·017 for NASH and Pinteraction = 0·033 for NASH with the presence of fibrosis). Our findings show that lower skeletal muscle mass combined with abdominal obesity is strongly associated with the presence of NASH only in men.

8.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(10): 2925-2934, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) plays a role in lipid metabolism, and by increasing hepatic oxidative stress and inflammation, the upregulation of CYP2E1 is involved in development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We aimed to explore the relationship between CYP2E1-333A>T (rs2070673) and the histological severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We studied 438 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. NASH was defined as NAFLD Activity Score ≥ 5 with existence of steatosis, ballooning, and lobular inflammation. CYP2E1-333A>T (rs2070673) was genotyped by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Serum cytokines related to inflammation were measured by the Bio-plex 200 system to investigate possible mediating factors involved in the process. RESULTS: The TA genotype of rs2070673 had a higher prevalence of moderate/severe lobular inflammation (27.6% vs 20.3% vs 13.3%, P < 0.01) and NASH (55.7% vs 42.4% vs 40.5%, P < 0.01) compared with the AA and TT genotypes, respectively. In multivariable regression modeling, the heterozygote state TA was associated with moderate/severe lobular inflammation (adjusted odds ratio: 2.31, 95% confidence interval 1.41-3.78, P < 0.01) or NASH (adjusted odds ratio: 1.82, 95% confidence interval 1.22-2.69, P < 0.01), independently of age, sex, common metabolic risk factors, and presence of liver fibrosis. Compared with no-NASH, NASH patients had significantly higher levels of serum interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, interleukin-18, and interferon-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), whereas only IP-10 was increased with the rs2070673 TA variant (P = 0.01). Mediation analysis showed that IP-10 was responsible for ~60% of the association between the rs2070672 and NASH. CONCLUSIONS: The TA allele of rs2070673 is strongly associated with lobular inflammation and NASH, and this effect appears to be largely mediated by serum IP-10 levels.

9.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(2): 194-202, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34007801

RESUMO

Background and Aims: In Europeans, variants in the hydroxysteroid 17-beta dehydrogenase 13 (HSD17B13) gene impact liver histology in metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). The impact of these variants in ethnic Chinese is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential associations in Chinese patients. Methods: In total, 427 Han Chinese with biopsy-confirmed MAFLD were enrolled. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms in HSD17B13 were genotyped: rs72613567 and rs6531975. Logistic regression was used to test the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms and liver histology. Results: In our cohort, the minor allele TA of the rs72613567 variant was related to an increased risk of fibrosis [odds ratio (OR): 2.93 (1.20-7.17), p=0.019 for the additive model; OR: 3.32 (1.39-7.91), p=0.007 for the recessive model], representing an inverse association as compared to the results from European cohorts. In contrast, we observed a protective effect on fibrosis for the minor A allele carriers of the HSD17B13 rs6531975 variant [OR: 0.48 (0.24-0.98), p=0.043 for the additive model; OR: 0.62 (0.40-0.94), p=0.025 for the dominant model]. HSD17B13 variants were only associated with fibrosis but no other histological features. Furthermore, HSD17B13 rs6531975 modulated the effect of PNPLA3 rs738409 on hepatic steatosis. Conclusions: HSD17B13 rs72613567 is a risk variant for fibrosis in a Han Chinese MAFLD population but with a different direction for allelic association to that seen in Europeans. These data exemplify the need for studying diverse populations in genetic studies in order to fine map genome-wide association studies signals.

10.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(7): 593-603, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of significant liver fibrosis is a key determinant of long-term prognosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to develop a novel machine learning algorithm (MLA) to predict fibrosis severity in NAFLD and compared it with the most widely used non-invasive fibrosis biomarkers. METHODS: We used a cohort of 553 adults with biopsy-proven NAFLD, who were randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 278) for the development of both logistic regression model (LRM) and MLA, and a validation cohort (n = 275). Significant fibrosis was defined as fibrosis stage F ≥ 2. MLA and LRM were derived from variables that were selected using a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression algorithm. RESULTS: In the training cohort, the variables selected by LASSO algorithm were body mass index, pro-collagen type III, collagen type IV, aspartate aminotransferase and albumin-to-globulin ratio. The diagnostic accuracy of MLA showed the highest values of area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC: 0.902, 95% CI 0.869-0.904) for identifying fibrosis F ≥ 2. The LRM AUROC was 0.764, 95% CI 0.710-0.816 and significantly better than the AST-to-Platelet ratio (AUROC 0.684, 95% CI 0.605-0.762), FIB-4 score (AUROC 0.594, 95% CI 0.503-0.685) and NAFLD Fibrosis Score (AUROC 0.557, 95% CI 0.470-0.644). In the validation cohort, MLA also showed the highest AUROC (0.893, 95% CI 0.864-0.901). The diagnostic accuracy of MLA outperformed that of LRM in all subgroups considered. CONCLUSIONS: Our newly developed MLA algorithm has excellent diagnostic performance for predicting fibrosis F ≥ 2 in patients with biopsy-confirmed NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Fibrose , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
11.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 15(7): 811-819, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709875

RESUMO

Introduction: Telomerase is a basic nuclear protein reverse transcriptase, which plays a key role in maintaining telomere stability, genome integrity, long-term cell activity, and potential continued proliferation.Area covered: This narrative review discusses key research advances involving telomerase in the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The review evaluates 9a) whether the assessment of telomerase can be used as a noninvasive diagnostic tool; and (b) whether modification of telomerase function might be a useful potential therapeutic target for treatment of NAFLD. Furthermore, the relationship between telomerase and other chronic metabolic diseases is evaluated.Expert opinion: Several experimental and preclinical studies have suggested that telomerase plays an important role in the development of NAFLD. However, further mechanistic studies are needed to prove a causal relationship and to better elucidate whether the measurement of telomerase has utility as a diagnostic tool or whether pharmacological manipulation of telomerase has therapeutic potential in NAFLD treatment.

12.
Br J Nutr ; 126(6): 813-824, 2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198849

RESUMO

The FNDC5 gene encodes the fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 that is a membrane protein mainly expressed in skeletal muscle, and the FNDC5 rs3480 polymorphism may be associated with liver disease severity in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the influence of the FNDC5 rs3480 polymorphism on the relationship between sarcopenia and the histological severity of NAFLD. A total of 370 adult individuals with biopsy-proven NAFLD were studied. The association between the key exposure sarcopenia and the outcome liver histological severity was investigated by binary logistic regression. Stratified analyses were undertaken to examine the impact of FNDC5 rs3480 polymorphism on the association between sarcopenia and the severity of NAFLD histology. Patients with sarcopenia had more severe histological grades of steatosis and a higher prevalence of significant fibrosis and definite non-alcoholic steatohepatitis than those without sarcopenia. There was a significant association between sarcopenia and significant fibrosis (adjusted OR 2·79, 95 % CI 1·31, 5·95, P = 0·008), independent of established risk factors and potential confounders. Among patients with sarcopenia, significant fibrosis occurred more frequently in the rs3480 AA genotype carriers than in those carrying the FNDC5 rs3480 G genotype (43·8 v. 17·2 %, P = 0·031). In the association between sarcopenia and liver fibrosis, there was a significant interaction between the FNDC5 genotype and sarcopenia status (P value for interaction = 0·006). Sarcopenia is independently associated with significant liver fibrosis, and the FNDC5 rs3480 G variant influences the association between sarcopenia and liver fibrosis in patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD.

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