Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.064
Filtrar
1.
ACS Nano ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688797

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has had a profound positive effect on certain types of cancer but has not improved the outcomes of glioma because of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. In this study, we developed an activated mature dendritic cell membrane (aDCM)-coated nanoplatform, rapamycin (RAPA)-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), named aDCM@PLGA/RAPA, which is a simple, efficient, and individualized strategy to cross the BBB and improve the immune microenvironment precisely. In vitro cells uptake and the transwell BBB model revealed that the aDCM@PLGA/RAPA can enhance homotypic-targeting and BBB-crossing efficiently. According to the in vitro and in vivo immune response efficacy of aDCM@PLGA/RAPA, the immature dendritic cells (DCs) could be stimulated into the matured status, which leads to further activation of immune cells, such as tumor-infiltrating T cells and natural killer cells, and can induce the subsequent immune responses through direct and indirect way. The aDCM@PLGA/RAPA treatment can not only inhibit glioma growth significantly but also has favorable potential ability to induce glial differentiation in the orthotopic glioma. Moreover, the aDCM@PLGA could induce a robust CD8+ effector and therefore suppress orthotopic glioma growth in a prophylactic setup, which indicates certain tumor immunity. Overall, our work provides an effective antiglioma drug delivery system which has great potential for tumor combination immunotherapy.

2.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; : 103909, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693452

RESUMO

Glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß) plays important roles in gene transcription, metabolism, apoptosis, development, and signal transduction. However, its role in the regulation of pupal diapause remains unclear. In this paper, we find that low GSK3ß activity in brains of diapause-destined pupae of Helicoverpa armigera is caused by elevated AKT activity. In response to ROS, AKT phosphorylates GSK3ß to decrease its activity. In developing pupal brains, GSK3ß can activate the transcription factor Smad1, which binds to the promoter region of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) gene and increases its expression. In the presence of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), EcR can bind to USP and increase the expression of 20E-response genes, including HR3, for pupal-adult development. In contrast, high levels of ROS in brains of diapause-destined pupae up-regulate p-AKT, which in turn decreases GSK3ß activity. Low GSK3ß activity causes low expression of EcR/HR3 via down-regulation of Smad1 activity, leading to diapause initiation. These results suggest that low GSK3ß activity plays a key role in pupal diapause via ROS/AKT/GSK3ß/Smad/EcR/HR3 signaling.

3.
Small Methods ; : e2201387, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604985

RESUMO

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have inspired the potential for widespread use in energy storage owing to the advantages of abundant resources and low cost. Benefiting from the layered structure, 2D-layered materials enable fast interlayer transport of sodium ions and thus are considered promising candidates as anodes for SIBs. Herein, a strategy of adjusting crystal orientation is proposed via a solvothermal method to improve sodium-ion transport at the edge of the interlayers in 2D-layered materials. By introducing surfactants and templates, the 2D-layered V5 S8 nanosheets are controlled to align the interlayer diffusion channels vertically to the surface, which promotes the fast transport of Na+ at the edge of the interlayers as revealed by experimental methods and ab initio calculations. Benefiting from the aligned crystal orientation and rGO coating, the vertical-V5 S8 @rGO hybrid delivers a high initial discharge capacity of 350.6 mAh g-1 at a high current density of 15 A g-1 . This work provides a strategy for the structural design of 2D-layered anode materials by adjusting crystal orientation, which demonstrates the promise for applications in fast-charging alkaline-ion batteries.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2211612, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626850

RESUMO

Light control of emergent quantum phenomena is a widely used external stimulus for quantum materials. Generally, perovskite strontium ruthenate SrRuO3 has an itinerant ferromagnetism with a low-spin state. However, the phase of intermediate-spin (IS) ferromagnetic metallic state has never been seen. Here, by means of ultraviolet light irradiation, we show the photocarrier doping induced Mott insulator-to-metal phase transition in a few atomic layers of perovskite IS ferromagnetic SrRuO3- δ . This new metastable IS metallic phase can be reversibly regulated due to the convenient photocharge transfer from SrTiO3 substrates to SrRuO3- δ ultrathin films. Our dynamical mean-field theory calculations further verify such photoinduced electronic phase transformation owing to oxygen vacancies and orbital reconstruction. The optical manipulation of charge transfer finesse is an alternative pathway towards discovering novel metastable phases in strongly correlated systems and facilitates the potential light-controlled device applications in optoelectronics and spintronics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702221142614, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598065

RESUMO

This study set out to investigate the clinical significance of serum tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1) in diagnosing small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with different clinical stages, and to compare the diagnostic efficiency with neuron-specific enolase (NSE), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9). Besides, to analyze the role of serum TRAP1 in tumor immunity. A total of 91 patients with SCLC, 99 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), 102 patients with pulmonary nodules (PN), and 75 healthy people were included. The concentrations of serum TRAP1 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). NSE, CEA, and CA19-9 were detected by chemiluminescence. The results showed that level of TRAP1 in Group SCLC was lower than other three groups (P < 0.01), whereas NSE in SCLC was significantly higher than the others (P < 0.01), and the levels of CEA and CA19-9 were higher than healthy people and PN patients (P < 0.01). There was a significant difference in TRAP1 levels between patients with limited-stage disease SCLC (LD-SCLC) and extensive-stage disease SCLC (ED-SCLC) (P < 0.0001). The sensitivity and specificity of TRAP1 in diagnosing LD-SCLC were 0.964 and 0.560, respectively, and the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.819. The sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing ED-SCLC were 0.810 and 0.868, respectively, and the AUC was 0.933, which showed high diagnostic value. The AUC of these two groups can be increased to 0.946 and 0.947 in combination of four biomarkers, effectively improving the diagnosis rate of SCLC. Our findings have revealed that serum TRAP1 has high diagnostic value for SCLC and high diagnostic sensitivity for LD-SCLC. It is a potential biomarker for SCLC. Combined detection can effectively improve the diagnosis rate of SCLC. TRAP1 may be secreted into the circulation by mature immune cells and participates in tumor immunity as a carrier of tumor antigens.

6.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 26, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with gynecological cancer are prone to anxiety, and many of them are accompanied by hypertension, which seriously affects the quality of life (QOL). The study was to explore the interaction of anxiety and hypertension on QOL, and the moderating effect of perceived social support (PSS) in the impact of anxiety and hypertension on QOL of patients with gynecological cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2020, and 566 patients have been collected from the Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University. The Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Genera tool (FACT-G), and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Scale (MSPSS) were used. The interaction was analyzed by additive model, and the moderating effect was conducted by regression analysis and the simple slope analysis. RESULTS: We found that 68.8% of patients had poor QOL due to the interaction between anxiety and hypertension. The relative excess risk ratio (RERI) was 22.238 (95%CI:44.119-88.596); the attribution ratio (AP) was 0.688 (95%CI:0.234-1.142); The interaction index (S) was 3.466 (95%CI: 0.823-14.435). The interaction items of PSS and anxiety were negatively correlated with QOL (ß = -0.219, P < 0.01) and explained an additional 4.0% variance (F = 68.649, Adjusted R2 = 0.399, ΔR2 = 0.040, P < 0.01); PSS and blood pressure interaction item was not associated with QOL (ß = 0.013, F = 55.138, Adjusted R2 = 0.365, ΔR2 = 0.001, P = 0.730). CONCLUSIONS: When anxiety and hypertension coexist, the QOL was affected. PSS played a moderating role in the impact of anxiety on QOL. Healthcare providers should take intervention measures to improve patients' social support to reduce the impact of anxiety on QOL.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Neoplasias , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade/complicações , Hipertensão/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Nat Methods ; 20(1): 34, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635548
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(2): 2792-2803, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606677

RESUMO

High-entropy oxide (HEO) is an emerging type of anode material for lithium-ion batteries with excellent properties, where high-concentration oxygen vacancies can effectively enhance the diffusion coefficient of lithium ions. In this study, Ni-free spinel-type HEOs ((FeCoCrMnZn)3O4 and (FeCoCrMnMg)3O4) were prepared via ball milling, and the effects of zinc and magnesium on the concentration of oxygen vacancy (OV), lithium-ion diffusion coefficient (DLi+), and electrochemical performance of HEOs were investigated. Ab initio calculations show that the addition of zinc narrows down the band gap and thus improves the electrical conductivity. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results show that (FeCoCrMnZn)3O4 (42.7%) and (FeCoCrMnMg)3O4 (42.5%) have high OV concentration. During charge/discharge, the OV concentration of (FeCoCrMnZn)3O4 is higher than that of (FeCoCrMnMg)3O4. The galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) results show that the DLi+ value of (FeCoCrMnZn)3O4 is higher than that of (FeCoCrMnMg)3O4 during charge and discharge. All of that can improve its specific discharge capacity and enhance its cycle stability. (FeCoCrMnZn)3O4 achieved a discharge capacity of 828.6 mAh g-1 at 2.0 A g-1 after 2000 cycles. This work provides a deep understanding of the structure and performance of HEO.

9.
Chemosphere ; 312(Pt 1): 137145, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343739

RESUMO

The rapid recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes, low utilization of visible light and weak oxidation capacity significantly limit the photocatalytic activity for the degradation of organic pollutants. Doping is used as a conventional strategy for regulating the electronic structure of photocatalysts to obtain a wider light absorption, but also suffers from the problems of reduced charge mobility and oxidation capacity, which is not conducive to photocatalytic degradation of pollutants. To address this issue, a nitrogen self-doped hollow nanotubes g-C3N4 (N-PCN) was synthesized by synergistic self-doping and quantum confinement effects. The N-PCN exhibits excellent efficiency in photocatalytic degradation of TC compared to the pristine g-C3N4. The synthesized N-PCN has a more positive conduction band minimum and can generate more photogenerated electrons to reduce oxygen to superoxide radicals. In addition, experimental and theoretical evidence shows that N-self-doping not only suppresses the recombination of photogenerated charge carriers but also facilitates the adsorption of oxygen molecules. Consequently, more superoxide radicals and singlet oxygen are generated through oxygen activation process.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Catálise , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Nitrogênio , Oxigênio/química , Superóxidos
10.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 415(5): 787-800, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36562812

RESUMO

Urine albumin concentration and albumin-creatinine ratio are important for the screening of early-stage kidney damage. Commutable urine certified reference materials (CRMs) for albumin and creatinine are necessary for standardization of urine albumin and accurate measurement of albumin-urine ratio. Two urine CRMs for albumin and creatinine with certified values determined using higher-order reference measurement procedures were evaluated for their commutability on five brands/models of clinical analyzers where different reagent kits were used, including Roche Cobas c702, Roche Cobas c311, Siemens Atellica CH, Beckman Coulter AU5800, and Abbott Architect c16000. The commutability study was conducted by measuring at least 26 authentic patient urine samples and the human urine CRMs using both reference measurement procedures and the routine methods. Both the linear regression model suggested by the Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) guidelines and log-transformed model recommended by the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Commutability Working Group were used to evaluate the commutability of the human urine CRMs. The commutability of the human urine CRMs was found to be generally satisfactory on all five clinical analyzers for both albumin and creatinine, suggesting that they are suitable to be used routinely by clinical laboratories as quality control or for method validation of urine albumin and creatinine measurements.

11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 634: 255-267, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535163

RESUMO

Mn and N co-doped biochar (Mn-N-TS) was prepared as an effective catalyst to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for ciprofloxacin (CIP) degradation. As opposed to Mn-TS and N-TS, Mn-N-TS had more active sites containing N and Mn, as well as a greater specific surface area (923.733 m2 g-1). The Mn-N-TS exhibited excellent PMS activation ability. In the Mn-N-TS/PMS system, the CIP removal efficiency was 91.9% in 120 min. Mn and N co-doping could accelerate electron transfer between CIP and PMS molecules. Simultaneously, defect sites, graphitic N, pyridinic N, C═O groups, and Mn(II)/Mn(III)/Mn(IV) redox cycles acted as active sites to activate PMS and generate free radicals (OH, SO4- and 1O2). Furthermore, the Mn-N-TS/PMS system could effectively degrade CIP in a wide pH range, background substances, and actual water. Finally, a probable mechanism of PMS activation by Mn-N-TS was proposed. In conclusion, this work gave a novel direction for the rational design of Mn and N co-doped biochar.


Assuntos
Ciprofloxacina , Peróxidos , Porosidade , Peróxidos/química , Oxirredução
12.
Nat Methods ; 19(12): 1517, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460756
13.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454665

RESUMO

Valsa is a genus of ascomycetes within the Valsaceae family. This family includes many wood destructive pathogens such as the well known Valsa mali and Valsa pyri which cause canker diseases in fruit trees and threaten the global fruit production. Lack of genomic information of this family is impeding the our understandings about their evolution and genetic basis of their pathogenicity divergence. Here, we report genome assemblies of Valsa malicola, Valsa persoonii and Valsa sordida which represent close relatives of Valsa mali and Valsa pyri with different host preferences. Comparative genomics analysis revealed that segmental rearrangements, inversions and translocations frequently occurred among Valsa spp. genomes. Gene families that exhibited gene copy expansions tended to be associated with secondary metabolism, trans-membrane transport and pyrophosphatase activities. Orthologous genes in regions lost synteny exhibited significantly higher rate of synonymous substitution (KS) than those in regions retained synteny. Moreover, among these genes, membrane transporter families associated with anti-drug (MFS, DHA) bactivities and nutrient transportation (SP and APCs) activities were significantly overrepresented. Lineage specific synonymous substitution (KS) and nonsynonymous substitution (KA) analysis based on the phylogeny constructed from 11 fungal species identified a set of genes with selection signatures in Valsa clade and these genes were significantly enriched in functions associated with fatty acid beta-oxidation, DNA helicase activity and ATPase activity. Furthermore, unique genes that possessed or retained by each of the five Valsa species are more likely part of the secondary metabolic (SM) gene clusters. SM gene clusters conserved across five Valsa species showed various degrees of diversification in both identity and completeness. All 11 syntenically conserved SM clusters showed differential expression during the infection of apple branch with Valsa mali suggesting involvements of secondary metabolism in the pathogenicity of Valsa species.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 1055330, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36523777

RESUMO

Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication of end-stage renal disease which is associated with adverse outcomes including all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. Recent studies have demonstrated that Sacubitril/Valsartan (Sac/Val) as an enkephalinase inhibitor and angiotensin II receptor blocker could reduce pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and improve the prognosis of patients with heart failure. However, whether Sac/Val is effective in hemodialysis (HD) patients with PH is essentially unknown. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Sac/Val in the treatment of PH in HD patients. Methods: A total of 122 HD patients with PH were divided into Sac/Val group (n = 71) and ARBs group (n = 51) based on the treatment regimen. The PASP, other cardiac parameters measured by echocardiography, and cardiac biomarkers including N-terminal fragment of BNP (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) were observed at baseline and 3 months after treatment. Results: There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics between the two groups. PASP decreased significantly from 45(38, 54) to 28(21, 40) mmHg in Sac/Val group (p < 0.001). PASP reduced from 41(37, 51) to 34(27, 44) mmHg in ARBs group (p < 0.001), and the decrease was more pronounced in the Sac/Val group (p < 0.001). In addition, improvements in the right atrial diameter (RAD), left ventricular diameter (LVD), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), left atrial diameter (LAD), pulmonary artery diameter (PAD), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and fractional shortening (FS) were found in Sac/Val group (ps < 0.05). After 3 months, LVD, LAD, LVEDV, LVESV, LVEF, SV, and PASP were significantly improved in Sac/Val group compared with ARBs group (ps <0.05). Significant reduction in NT-proBNP [35,000 (15,000, 70,000) pg/ml vs. 7,042 (3,126, 29,060) pg/ml, p < 0.001] and cTnI [0.056(0.031, 0.085) ng/ml vs. 0.036 (0.012, 0.056) ng/ml, p < 0.001) were observed in Sac/Val group. No significant differences were observed in adverse events between the two groups (ps > 0.05). Conclusion: Sac/Val seems to be an efficacious regimen in PH with favorable safety and has huge prospects for treating PH in HD patients.

15.
Indian J Dermatol ; 67(4): 477, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36578741

RESUMO

Background: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit. Many factors are involved in the occurrence of acne. It has been confirmed that some adipokines play an important role in the development of AV. Irisin is a novel adipokine, which is highly expressed in skeletal muscle, liver, and fat. It improves insulin resistance (IR) by inducing the browning of white adipose tissue, increasing heat production and energy expenditure. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of serum irisin as an adipokine to explore its function in the pathogenesis of AV and its correlation with IR, and whether it can be used as a potential biomarker of insulin sensitivity. Although the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp remains the gold standard for accurate determination of IR, it cannot be performed routinely. Various alternative simpler measures have been used, the most common being homeostasis model assessment. However, these metrics are limited by their accuracy, cost, and blood collection requirements.[1] Therefore, an effective and feasible serum biomarker is an attractive and relatively straightforward method, which may provide clinicians with a more accurate and simple method for the prediction and diagnosis of IR. IR can often be detected before other symptoms appear, so establishing an early diagnosis method will allow for the appropriate treatment of patients before the disease develops. Patients and Methods: The study included 171 subjects; 115 patients with newly diagnosed AV and 56 apparently healthy subjects. The contents of irisin and interleukin-1 alpha in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The IR index was calculated by the homeostasis model. Results: Serum irisin levels in AV patients and control group were (24.0 ± 11.3) and (104.3 ± 27.0) ng/dl, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in control group (P < 0.001). Serum irisin was negatively correlated with IR (r = -0.711, P 0.001). The sensitivity of irisin was 100.0%, the specificity was 92.8%, and the cutoff point was 53.32. The decrease of serum irisin level could predict the patients with IR in acne. Conclusion: Serum irisin levels in AV patients were significantly decreased. Serum irisin showed acceptable performance criteria in the diagnosis of AV with IR. Serum irisin seems to be a good diagnostic and prognostic marker for IR. Further multi-center studies are needed to confirm this link, which could pave the way for new treatment options.

16.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(21): 2196-2207, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545995

RESUMO

Poly(p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole) nanofiber (PNF) paper is facing unprecedented challenges in enhancing the interaction between the PNFs and improving its hydrophobicity. In this work, a sol-gel film transformation approach was developed to fabricate high-strength PNF paper. Iron ions formed coordination bonds between PNFs to obtain a preforming three-dimensional, interconnective nanofiber network. Subsequently, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) particles were sprayed onto the surface of the paper, followed by thermal treatment to obtain double-layered PTFE-P/PNF nanocomposite paper. The nanocomposite paper presents incredible tensile strength (271.6 MPa, increased by 52.9%), folding endurance, super-hydrophobicity, and self-cleaning performances. Moreover, it exhibits low dielectric constant (2.06) and dielectric loss tangent (0.0133) values. According to the wave-transparent model for a double-layered dielectric established by Maxwell's equations, the wave-transparent coefficients of electromagnetic waves incident from both sides of the paper are 97.6% (PNF side) and 96.0% (PTFE/P(S-co-BCB-co-MMA) side), respectively. The PTFE-P/PNF nanocomposite paper possesses great potential in the fields of wave-transparent applications.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 135(20): 2436-2445, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36583862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer immunotherapy has emerged as a promising strategy against triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). One of the immunosuppressive pathways involves programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), but many patients derived little benefit from PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint blockades treatment. Prior research has shown that MYC, a master transcription amplifier highly expressed in TNBC cells, can regulate the tumor immune microenvironment and constrain the efficacy of immunotherapy. This study aims to investigate the regulatory relationship between MYC and PD-L1, and whether a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor that inhibits MYC expression in combination with anti-PD-L1 antibodies can enhance the response to immunotherapy. METHODS: Public databases and TNBC tissue microarrays were used to study the correlation between MYC and PD-L1. The expression of MYC and PD-L1 in TNBCs was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. A patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDTX) model was used to evaluate the influence of a CDK7 inhibitor THZ1 on PD-L1 expression. Cell proliferation and migration were detected by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) cell proliferation and cell migration assays. Tumor xenograft models were established for in vivo verification. RESULTS: A high MYC expression level was associated with a poor prognosis and could alter the proportion of tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs). The positive correlation between MYC and PD-L1 was confirmed by immunostaining samples from 165 TNBC patients. Suppression of MYC in TNBC caused a reduction in the levels of both PD-L1 messenger RNA and protein. In addition, antitumor immune response was enhanced in the TNBC cancer xenograft mouse model with suppression of MYC by CDK7 inhibitor THZ1. CONCLUSIONS: The combined therapy of CDK7 inhibitor THZ1 and anti-PD-L1 antibody appeared to have a synergistic effect, which might offer new insight for enhancing immunotherapy in TNBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Ligantes , Imunoterapia , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Apoptose , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21136, 2022 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36477468

RESUMO

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) variants requiring specific primer types are widely used in various PCR experiments, including generic PCR, inverse PCR, anchored PCR, and ARMS PCR. Few tools can be adapted for multiple PCR variants, and many tools select primers by filtration based on the given parameters, which result in frequent design failures. Here we introduce PrimerScore2, a robust high-throughput primer design tool that can design primers in one click for multiple PCR variants. It scores primers using a piecewise logistic model and the highest-scored primers are selected avoiding the issue of design failure and the necessity to loosen parameters to redesign, and it creatively evaluates specificity by predicting the efficiencies of all target/non-target products. To assess the prediction accuracy of the scores and efficiencies, two next generation sequencing (NGS) libraries were constructed-a 12-plex and a 57-plex-and the results showed that 17 out of 19 (89.5%) low-scoring pairs had a poor depth, 18 out of 19 (94.7%) high-scoring pairs had a high depth, and the depth ratios of the products were linearly correlated with the predicted efficiencies with a slope of 1.025 and a coefficient of determination (R2) 0.935. 116-plex and 114-plex anchored PCR panels designed by PrimerScore2 were applied to 26 maternal plasma samples with male fetuses, the results showed that the predicted fetal DNA fractions were concordant with fractions measured in gold standard method (Y fractions). PrimerScore2 was also used to design 77 monoplex Sanger sequencing primers, the sequencing results indicated that all the primers were effective.


Assuntos
Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
20.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 8071-8079, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389020

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the risk factors for thrombi occurring in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) and establish a risk prediction model to better predict the risk of thrombosis in patients with AAV. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 117 AAV patients who had been hospitalized in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between October 2010 and December 2021. For all patients, we recorded demographic characteristics and clinical data, analyzed the risk factors for thrombosis in AAV patients and then developed a risk prediction model. Results: Stepwise logistic regression analysis indicated that a high complement C3 level, a high BVAS score and a high Padua score were independent risk factors for thrombosis in AAV patients. According to multivariate analysis, a predictive model for thrombus risk was successfully established; the area under the ROC curve(AUC) was 0.803 (95% CI: 0.716-0.890) and the maximum Youden index, sensitivity and specificity were 0.487, 59.0% and 89.7%, respectively. Conclusion: A high complement C3 level, high BVAS score, and a high Padua score were shown to be independent risk factors for thrombosis in AAV patients. We developed a risk prediction model based on these three risk factors that could predict the risk of thrombosis in AAV patients to some extent.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...