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1.
J Subst Abuse Treat ; 144: 108921, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327615

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The opioid crisis is transitioning to a polydrug crisis, and individuals with co-occurring substance use disorder (SUDs) often have unique clinical characteristics and contextual barriers that influence treatment needs, engagement in treatment, complexity of treatment planning, and treatment retention. METHODS: Using Medicaid data for 2017-2018 from four states participating in a distributed research network, this retrospective cohort study documents the prevalence of specific types of co-occurring SUD among Medicaid enrollees with an opioid use disorder (OUD) diagnosis, and assesses the extent to which different SUD presentations are associated with differential patterns of MOUD and psychosocial treatments. RESULTS: We find that more than half of enrollees with OUD had a co-occurring SUD, and the most prevalent co-occurring SUD was for "other psychoactive substances", indicated among about one-quarter of enrollees with OUD in each state. We also find some substantial gaps in MOUD treatment receipt and engagement for individuals with OUD and a co-occurring SUD, a group representing more than half of individuals with OUD. In most states, enrollees with OUD and alcohol, cannabis, or amphetamine use disorder are significantly less likely to receive MOUD compared to enrollees with OUD only. In contrast, enrollees with OUD and other psychoactive SUD were significantly more likely to receive MOUD treatment. Conditional on MOUD receipt, enrollees with co-occurring SUDs had 10 % to 50 % lower odds of having a 180-day period of continuous MOUD treatment, an important predictor of better patient outcomes. Associations with concurrent receipt of MOUD and behavioral counseling were mixed across states and varied depending on co-occurring SUD type. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, ongoing progress toward increasing access to and quality of evidence-based treatment for OUD requires further efforts to ensure that individuals with co-occurring SUDs are engaged and retained in effective treatment. As the opioid crisis evolves, continued changes in drug use patterns and populations experiencing harms may necessitate new policy approaches that more fully address the complex needs of a growing population of individuals with OUD and other types of SUD.


Assuntos
Buprenorfina , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Medicaid , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/terapia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/complicações , Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos , Prevalência , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Buprenorfina/uso terapêutico
2.
Chemistry ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36428221

RESUMO

Responsive fluorescent nanomaterials have been received considerable attention in recent years. In this work, we synthesized a bola-type amphiphilic molecule CSO, which contains a hydrophobic cyanostilbene core and hydrophilic oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG) coils at both sides. The cyanostilbene group is aggregation-induced emission (AIE) active, while the OEG coils are thermo-responsive. As a result, the CSO molecules can self-assemble into blue-fluorescent nanoassemblies with lower critical solution temperature (LCST) behavior in aqueous media. It is noteworthy that the LCST behavior can be reversibly regulated with changes in concentration and the introduction of K+. Intriguingly, fluorescence of CSO assembly shows a blue-shift upon heating. Finally, by employing CSO as a light capturing antenna and energy donor, an artificial light harvesting system with tunable emission and thermo-responsive characteristics was fabricated. Our study not only demonstrates an integrated approach to create responsive fluorescent nanomaterials, but also shows great potential for producing luminescent materials and mimicking light harvesting in nature.

3.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1030222, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389736

RESUMO

The prognosis of human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is often better than that of HPV- cancer, which is possibly caused by the differences in their immune microenvironments. The contribution of macrophage, as a principal innate immune cell, to this phenomenon is still unclear. In this study, a single-cell atlas of 4,388 high-quality macrophages from 18 HPV- and 8 HPV+ HNSCC patients was constructed with single-cell RNA sequencing data. Eight macrophage subsets were identified from HNSCC, whereas their functional properties and developmental trajectory were delineated based on HPV status. Our results demonstrated that macrophages in HPV+ HNSCC exhibit stronger phagocytic ability, although the infiltration rate of macrophages decreased. From the results, a unique macrophage subset with TCR and CD3-specific signatures was identified from HPV-related HNSCC. These TCR+ macrophages potentially participate in the regulation of the TCR signaling pathway and phagocytosis. In conclusion, our results suggested that HPV could affect the infiltration rate, function, and differentiation of macrophages in HNSCC, whereas TCR+ macrophages play a critical role in the HNSCC microenvironment. These results provide new insights into the immune microenvironment of HNSCC and offer a valuable resource for the understanding of the immune landscape of HPV-related HNSCC, which will in turn help the development of immunotherapy strategies for the disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Macrófagos , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Int J Bioprint ; 8(4): 613, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404785

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology provides advanced technical support for designing personalized bone tissue engineering scaffold. In this study, two porous diffusing models, namely, average and layered perforated cylindrical scaffolds, were designed for bone tissue engineering scaffold. The designed models were fabricated by liquid crystal display mask stereolithography printing. Structural design and finite element mechanical analysis were conducted. 45S5 bioglass was selected as the raw material for preparing the printing inks for bone tissue engineering scaffolds. By adjusting the viscosity and temperature of the slurry, the maximum proportion of 45S5 bioglass (40 wt%) was added into the photosensitive resin for preparing 3D printing slurry. Our results indicated that an optimized sintering condition includes the debinding rate (0.5°C/min), and temperature raising rate (5°C/min) and sintering temperature (1100°C) were proposed to sinter 45S5 bioceramic scaffolds. The amorphous 45S5 bioglass showed good crystallization after sintering, and the scaffold porous structure showed good integrity. Micropores were observed in the struts which interconnected with each other. Moreover, the porosities were tested as 57% and 45% with a uniform pore distribution. The shrinkage rate was about 10% during sintering process due to binder burning and crystallization shrinkage. The compressive strength of the sintered scaffold was 0.71 ± 0.048 MPa and 2.13 ± 0.054 MPa, respectively, which are consistent with the finite element mechanical analysis simulation results. In conclusion, the layered perforated 45S5 bioglass scaffold shows good mechanical properties and porosity, indicating that it could be a promising candidate for bone tissue engineering.

5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 963220, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353226

RESUMO

Background: Cuproptosis is a novel form of copper-induced cell death that targets lipoylated tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle proteins. However, its prognostic role in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unclear. This study aimed to establish a cuproptosis-related prognostic signature for patients with LUAD. Methods: Transcriptome data of LUAD samples were extracted from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. The prognostic value of cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) was investigated using Cox regression analysis to develop a cuproptosis-related prognostic model. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), gene ontology (GO) and gene set variation analysis (GSVA) were conducted to characterize different biological activities or pathways between high- or low-CRG groups. The expression pattern and prognostic values of CRGs were validated in 37 paired tumor-normal samples using quantitative PCR. Furthermore, in vitro experiments were performed to investigate the relationship between cuproptosis and CRG expression and to explore the function of target genes in cuproptosis. Results: Among the 36 CRGs, 17 genes were upregulated, and 3 genes were downregulated in LUAD. A total of 385 CRGs were identified using Pearson correlation analysis. A cuproptosis-related signature was constructed using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis. The prognostic value of the cuproptosis-related signature was validated in six external validation cohorts and in LUAD specimens from our facility. Patients in the high-risk group based on the CRG signature score had shorter overall survival than those in the low-risk group in both the datasets and clinical specimens. In vitro experiments revealed that the expression of BARX1, GFRA3, and KHDRBS2 was upregulated after cuproptosis was induced by elesclomol-CuCL2, whereas the upregulation was suppressed on pretreatment with tetrathiomolybdate (TTM), a chelator of copper. Further, the cell proliferation assay revealed that the BARX1 and GFRA3 deficiency facilities the cuproptosis induced by elesclomol-CuCL2. Conclusion: This study established a new CRG signature that can be used to predict the OS of LUAD patients. Moreover, the knockdown of BARX1 and GFRA3 could increase the sensitivity of LUAD cells to the cuproptosis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Cobre , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia
6.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 241: 109670, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Follow-up after residential treatment is considered best practice in supporting patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) in their recovery. Yet, little is known about rates of follow-up after discharge. The objective of this analysis was to measure rates of follow-up and use of medications for OUD (MOUD) after residential treatment among Medicaid enrollees in 10 states, and to understand the enrollee and episode characteristics that are associated with both outcomes. METHODS: Using a distributed research network to analyze Medicaid claims data, we estimated the likelihood of 4 outcomes occurring within 7 and 30 days post-discharge from residential treatment for OUD using multinomial logit regression: no follow-up or MOUD, follow-up visit only, MOUD only, or both follow-up and MOUD. We used meta-analysis techniques to pool state-specific estimates into global estimates. RESULTS: We identified 90,639 episodes of residential treatment for OUD for 69,017 enrollees from 2018 to 2019. We found that 62.5% and 46.9% of episodes did not receive any follow-up or MOUD at 7 days and 30 days, respectively. In adjusted analyses, co-occurring mental health conditions, longer lengths of stay, prior receipt of MOUD or behavioral health counseling, and a recent ED visit for OUD were associated with a greater likelihood of receiving follow-up treatment including MOUD after discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Forty-seven percent of residential treatment episodes for Medicaid enrollees are not followed by an outpatient visit or MOUD, and thus are not following best practices.

7.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36428951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) participates in the immune regulation of lung cancer. However, limited studies showed the potential roles of immune-related lncRNAs (IRLs) in predicting survival and immunotherapy response of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). METHODS: Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and ImmLnc databases, IRLs were identified through weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA), Cox regression, and Lasso regression analyses. The predictive ability was validated by Kaplan-Meier (KM) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves in the internal dataset, external dataset, and clinical study. The immunophenoscore (IPS)-PD1/PD-L1 blocker and IPS-CTLA4 blocker data of LUAD were obtained in TCIA to predict the response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). The expression levels of immune checkpoint molecules and markers for hyperprogressive disease were analyzed. RESULTS: A six-IRL signature was identified, and patients were stratified into high- and low-risk groups. The low-risk had improved survival outcome (p = 0.006 in the training dataset, p = 0.010 in the testing dataset, p < 0.001 in the entire dataset), a stronger response to ICI (p < 0.001 in response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1, p < 0.001 in response to anti-CTLA4), and higher expression levels of immune checkpoint molecules (p < 0.001 in PD-1, p < 0.001 in PD-L1, p < 0.001 in CTLA4) but expressed more biomarkers of hyperprogression in immunotherapy (p = 0.002 in MDM2, p < 0.001 in MDM4). CONCLUSION: The six-IRL signature exhibits a promising prediction value of clinical prognosis and ICI efficacy in LUAD. Patients with low risk might gain benefits from ICI, although some have a risk of hyperprogressive disease.

8.
J Clin Med ; 11(22)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36431311

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Recently a juvenile ALS patient was reported carrying the c.757delG mutation of the sorbitol dehydrogenase (SORD) gene, which was also a related mutation of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) and distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN). ALS shares pathogenesis and overlapping genes with CMT and dHMN. We used whole-exome sequencing technology to screen the full-length SORD gene in 601 Chinese sporadic ALS patients and 174 controls without a history of neurological diseases. No SORD pathogenic variants were identified in the ALS patients. Our current results did not find an association between SORD and ALS in Chinese patients, and further studies will be required.

9.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(11): 5271-5287, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330174

RESUMO

Background and Objective: The increasingly widespread application of computed tomography (CT) in the screening and follow-up of patients with lung disease has concomitantly increased the detection rate of pulmonary nodules. Currently, minimally invasive thoracic surgery (MITS) has become the preferred method of surgery for patients with pulmonary ground-glass nodules (GGNs) due to its advantages minimal invasiveness and rapid recovery. However, target nodule identification during MITS is sometimes challenging due to the inherent characteristics of these nodules, especially when they are small and distant from the pleura. This review details the many methods used for the intraoperative localization of pulmonary nodules. Methods: Literature published in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, ClinicalTrials, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from 1990 to 2022 were searched and analyzed to obtain a comprehensive review of the different methods of identifying pulmonary nodules. Literature related to animal testing were excluded. Key Content and Findings: An overview of the recent progress in the clinical methods for intraoperative localization of pulmonary nodules [including CT-guided percutaneous placement of markers; bronchoscopy-guided placement of markers; intraoperative ultrasonography; three-dimensional (3D) printing technology; artificial intelligence (AI); and intraoperative molecular imaging (IMI)] was conducted. The advantages and disadvantages, as well as the complications associated with existing research methods, were summarized to assist doctors in the development of optimized clinical strategies. Conclusions: Clinicians can communicate with the multidisciplinary team and select the appropriate positioning method according to each patient's individual situation and the available support of the equipment and technology of the institution. Certain non-invasive and specific identification methods may have clinical potential in pulmonary nodule localization in the future.

11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6901, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371497

RESUMO

Superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene variants may cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, some of which are associated with a distinct phenotype. Most studies assess limited variants or sample sizes. In this international, retrospective observational study, we compare phenotypic and demographic characteristics between people with SOD1-ALS and people with ALS and no recorded SOD1 variant. We investigate which variants are associated with age at symptom onset and time from onset to death or censoring using Cox proportional-hazards regression. The SOD1-ALS dataset reports age of onset for 1122 and disease duration for 883 people; the comparator population includes 10,214 and 9010 people respectively. Eight variants are associated with younger age of onset and distinct survival trajectories; a further eight associated with younger onset only and one with distinct survival only. Here we show that onset and survival are decoupled in SOD1-ALS. Future research should characterise rarer variants and molecular mechanisms causing the observed variability.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Humanos , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/epidemiologia , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Fenótipo , Mutação
12.
World J Pediatr ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After the global elimination of smallpox, monkeypox has become the most threatening orthopoxvirus to human health. Very few studies have been reported on pregnant women and newborns. In the case of monkeypox infection, the virus can cause serious adverse pregnancy events in women, which can lead to fetal or neonatal death. DATA SOURCES: We made a comprehensive review after an extensive literature search in the PubMed/Medline database and websites concerning smallpox and monkeypox. RESULTS: Two case reports reported a total of nine pregnant women, six of whom had fetal deaths. In the autopsy of a stillbirth, researchers found that the placenta was infected with monkeypox virus, but the mechanism of infection remains unclear. Smallpox vaccine should be administered to acutely exposed pregnant women and newborns. Several novel recombinant vaccinia immunogloblin (rVIG) and human-specific monoclonal antibodies are being developed for the prevention and treatment of monkeypox virus infection. After the fetus was delivered, the newborn should take a bath as soon as possible to remove the amniotic fluid and dirt from the body. The appropriate isolation protocol for the newborn should be selected according to the infection status of the mother. It is not known whether monkeypox virus is present in breast milk, and pasteurized breast milk can be given to newborns when breastfeeding is considered. CONCLUSION: This review presents an overview of monkeypox in the perinatal period and guides the future research direction.

13.
Clin Epigenetics ; 14(1): 135, 2022 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36303253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cellular experiments revealed that a decreased histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) level was associated with the upregulation of oncogenes in breast cancer cells. Moreover, the role of H3K9me3 in breast cancer was closely associated with estrogen receptor (ER) status. Therefore, we aimed to examine the prognostic value of H3K9me3 on breast cancer by ER status. The level of H3K9me3 in tumors were evaluated with tissue microarrays by immunohistochemistry for 917 women diagnosed with primary invasive breast cancer. Hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were estimated using Cox regression models. Interaction between H3K9me3 and ER on the prognosis was assessed on multiplicative scale. RESULTS: The level of H3K9me3 in tumor tissues was lower than that in adjacent tissues. The high level of H3K9me3 was associated with a better OS (HR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.21-0.86) and PFS (HR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.29-0.81) among only ER-positive but not ER-negative tumors. Moreover, the interaction between the level of H3K9me3 and ER status (negative and positive) on the prognosis was significant (Pinteraction = 0.011 for OS; Pinteraction = 0.022 for PFS). Furthermore, the ER-positive tumors were stratified by ER-low and ER-high positive tumors, and the prognostic role of H3K9me3 was significant among only ER-high positive patients (HR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.13-0.85 for OS; HR = 0.47, 95% CI: 0.26-0.86 for PFS). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the prognostic value of H3K9me3 on breast cancer was related to ER status and expression level, and the high level of H3K9me3 was associated with a better prognosis among ER-positive tumors, particularly ER-high positive tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Prognóstico , Imuno-Histoquímica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo
14.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 61: 152051, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High endothelial venules (HEVs) are specialized microvessels for recruiting naïve T cells and B cells from the circulation into secondary lymphoid organs. Its involvement in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is still unknown. This study mainly investigated the possible presence of HEVs in ESCC and explore its relationship with prognosis. METHOD: Formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue samples of 52 ESCC patients were stained with immunohistochemically (IHC) to assess the association of HEVs with histological and clinical factors by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, multiplexed immunofluorescence was performed to explore the microenvironment around HEVs. RESULT: HEVs was widely present in ESCC and was significantly associated with better overall survival (OS). In addition, multiplexed immunofluorescence imaging demonstrated that HEVs is mainly present in the tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS) of the tumor and is surrounded by a large number of lymphocyte cells. CONCLUSION: HEVs represent a better prognostic factor in ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Vênulas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Ecotoxicology ; 31(9): 1356-1368, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208367

RESUMO

Saline-alkalisation of the soil environment and microorganism is a global challenge. However, relevant studies on the effects of saline-alkali stress on soil bacterial communities are limited. In this study, we investigated the effects of saline-alkali stress on the carbon source metabolic utilisation of the microbial community, bacterial diversity, and composition in soil using Biolog Ecoplate and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Biolog Ecoplate results showed that saline-alkali stress decreased the metabolic activity and functional diversity, and changed the utilisation characteristics of carbon sources in soil microorganisms. Particularly, high level of saline-alkali stress significantly decreased the utilisation of carbohydrates and amino acids carbon sources. The results of 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing showed that high level of saline-alkali stress significantly reduced the diversity of soil bacterial communities. In addition, high level of saline-alkali stress significantly decreased the relative abundances of some key bacterial taxa, such as Gemmatimonas, Sphingomonas, and Bradyrhizobium. Furthermore, as saline-alkali content increased, the soil catalase, protease, urease, and sucrase activities also significantly decreased. Collectively, these results provide new insight for studies on the changes in the soil bacterial community and soil enzyme activity under saline-alkali stress.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Solo , Solo , Solo/química , Álcalis/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Carbono
17.
Front Neurol ; 13: 984865, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36313510

RESUMO

Objective: Vestibular neuritis (VN) is a common peripheral cause of acute vestibular syndrome, characterized by sustained vertigo and gait instability, persisting from 1 day to several weeks. With the widespread use of comprehensive vestibular function tests, patients with VN and non-sustained vertigo have drawn attention. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical presentation of patients with VN and episodic vertigo, aiming to expand the atypical clinical features of VN. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 58 patients with VN. Among them, 11 patients with more than 3 remissions per day, each lasting over 1 h were assigned to the episodic vertigo (EV) group, and 47 subjects without significant relief into the sustained vertigo (SV) group. Demographic information, clinical manifestations and data of supplementary examinations were collected and statistically analyzed. These patients were followed up 1 year after discharge to gather prognostic information. Results: The incidence of spontaneous nystagmus (SN) and proportion of severe vertigo (Dizziness Handicap Inventory questionnaire score >60) in the SV group were significantly higher than those in the EV group. Spearman correlation showed that with a longer disease course, the velocity of overt saccade was smaller (p < 0.05, Rs = -0.263) in all patients with VN. Conclusion: The non-sustained manifestations in VN overlap with a wider spectrum of other vestibular disorders and stroke-related vertigo, which add an additional layer of complexity to the differential diagnosis of new onset episodic vertigo. By retrospectively analyzing the clinical characteristics and vHIT parameters, our study has expounded on the atypical features and potential pathophysiological mechanism of episodic syndromes in VN. VOR gain and saccades measured by vHIT could be reliable indicators for vestibular rehabilitation process.

18.
Curr Med Chem ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The change of lncRNA expression is known to affect the progression of tumors. This has fueled numerous investigations aiming at the mystery of lncRNA. Clear lncRNA has been the hotspot of antisense RNAs research. More and more lncRNAs have been proven to take effect as oncogenes of multitudinous cancers and accelerate tumor progression. This review elucidates the pathophysiological functions of lncRNA DLGAP1-AS1 and lncRNA DLGAP1-AS2 in a variety of tumors. METHODS: Via systematic analysis and in-depth study about relevant articles in PubMed, this article analyzes and summarizes the mechanism of antisense transcripts DLGAP1-AS1 and DLGAP1-AS2 in tumor development. RESULTS: DLGAP1-AS1 and DLGAP1-AS2 can exert their effect as oncogenes on various cancers. The expression of DLGAP1-AS1 is aberrantly high in various tumors, including GC, BC, HCC, glioblastoma and CRC. Concurrently, in LC, RC, HCC, GC, glioma and CCA, DLGAP1-AS2 is also discovered to be highly expressed. And they have a strong pertinence with a poor prognosis. The disorder of DLGAP1-AS1 and DLGAP1-AS2 in different tumors has different malignant impacts on tumors, not only to invasion, apoptosis, multiplication and EMT of tumor cells but also to drug resistance and radioresistance. In addition, DLGAP1-AS2 was revealed to have the ability to predict the prognosis of WT and RCC (Tables 1 and 3). CONCLUSION: The regulatory effects of DLGAP1-AS1 and DLGAP1-AS2 on tumors make them possible to be clinical markers for the early diagnosis of tumors and effective therapeutic targets.

19.
Poult Sci ; 101(10): 102085, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055022

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of chronic heat stress on oxidative stress in liver of broilers. In our study, chickens were randomly allocated to control 1 group (control 7 d), heat stress 1 group (HS1, 7 d), control 2 group (control 14 d) and heat stress 2 group (HS2, 14 d), with 30 replicates in each group. Broilers in heat stress groups exposed 8 h/day heat stress (35 ± 2°C) for 7 or 14 consecutive days, and the rest of time per day were kept at 23 ± 2℃ the same as control group broilers. Growth performance and the liver tissues were collected for histological observation and detection of organ index and liver redox status. The serum indicators (alanine aminotransferase [ALT] and aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) related to liver injury were determined. Moreover, Nrf2-related genes and protein expression levels in liver were measured. The results showed that in heat stress group broilers the body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, liver weight, and liver index were decreased, inflammatory cells infiltration in liver, and serum AST level was enhanced, compared with control group broilers. Moreover, the hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) level were increased after 1 wk of heat stress. Nrf2, Sqstm1/p62, HO-1, and NQO1 mRNA expressions in the liver of broilers were decreased by heat stress. P62 and p-p62 protein expressions were significantly up-regulated, but Nrf2 and keap1 protein level was decreased in heat stress group broilers as compared to control group. The mRNA expression levels of Beclin1, LC3-I, LC3-II were down-regulated significantly with heat stress for 1 wk. The mRNA expression level of mTOR up-regulated after 2 wk of heat stress. In conclusion, heat stress induced liver injury of broilers by down-regulating Nrf2-keap1 signaling pathway and autophagy.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor , Alanina Transaminase , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Autofagia , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Proteína Beclina-1/farmacologia , Galinhas/fisiologia , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/veterinária , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
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