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1.
Ann Am Thorac Soc ; 19(2): 255-263, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288830

RESUMO

Rationale: The etiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) may play an important role in the failure of noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Objectives: To explore the association between ARDS etiology and risk of NIV failure. Methods: A multicenter prospective observational study was performed in 17 intensive care units in China from September 2017 to December 2019. Patients with ARDS who used NIV as a first-line therapy were enrolled. The etiology of ARDS was recorded at study entry. Results: A total of 306 patients were enrolled. Of the patients, 146 were classified as having pulmonary ARDS (ARDSp) and 160 were classified as having extrapulmonary ARDS (ARDSexp). From initiation to 24 hours of NIV, the respiratory rate, heart rate, arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2)/fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2), and arterial carbon dioxide pressure improved slower in patients with ARDSp than those with ARDSexp. Patients with ARDSp experienced more NIV failure (55% vs. 28%; P < 0.01) and higher 28-day mortality (47% vs. 14%; P < 0.01). The adjusted odds ratios of NIV failure and 28-day mortality were 5.47 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.04-9.86) and 10.13 (95% CI, 5.01-20.46), respectively. In addition, we combined the presence of ARDSp, presence of septic shock, age, nonpulmonary sequential organ failure assessment score, respiratory rate at 1-2 hours of NIV, and PaO2/FiO2 at 1-2 h of NIV to develop a risk score of NIV failure. With the increase of the risk score, the rate of NIV failure increased. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic was 0.84 (95% CI, 0.79-0.89) and 0.81 (0.69-0.92) in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. Using 5.5 as cutoff value to predict NIV failure, the sensitivity and specificity was good. Conclusions: Among patients with ARDS who used NIV as a first-line therapy, ARDSp was associated with slower improvement, more NIV failure, and higher 28-day mortality than ARDSexp. The risk score combined presence of ARDSp, presence of septic shock, age, nonpulmonary sequential organ failure assessment score, respiratory rate at 1-2 hours of NIV, and PaO2/FiO2 at 1-2 hours of NIV has high accuracy to predict NIV failure among ARDS population.


Assuntos
Ventilação não Invasiva , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Respiração Artificial , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia
2.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 753154, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869662

RESUMO

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SoVA) is an uncommon clinical entity, which is present in roughly 0. 09% of the general population. The cause can either be acquired or congenital. Clinically the SoVA of unruptured status are rarely captured or even diagnosed due to atypical clinical presentations. Here, we present a rare case of exertional angina pectoris and recurrent syncope due to an extrinsically compressed left coronary artery by a giant SoVA in a 50-year-old female patient. This SoVA was successfully repaired by the surgical exclusion and the patient was still doing well after 2 years of follow-up.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 753918, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869663

RESUMO

Background: Arrhythmias are common cardiovascular complications in multiple myeloma (MM) patients and are related to a poor prognosis. Objective: This study aimed to assess the burden of arrhythmias and their prognostic value in patients with MM. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with MM between January 2015 and April 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University. The incidence of arrhythmia and associated risk factors were evaluated. The relationship between the type of arrhythmia and survival was analyzed. Results: A total of 319 patients with MM were identified, and 48.0% (153/319) had arrhythmias. The most common type of arrhythmia was sinus tachycardia (ST) (15.0%, 48/319), followed by sinus bradycardia (SB) (14.4%, 46/319), premature atrial contractions (PACs) (6.3%, 20/319), conduction disorders (CDs) (6.0%, 19/319), atrial fibrillation (AF) (6.0%, 19/319), premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) (4.4%, 14/319) and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) (0.6%, 2/319). The patients with arrhythmias had higher levels of log NT-proBNP and creatinine, greater bortezomib use, and a higher incidence of diabetes than those without arrhythmias (P < 0.05). The all-cause mortality rates of patients without arrhythmias and those with AF, ST, PACs, CDs, SB, and PVCs were 50.6% (84/166), 73.7% (14/19), 60.4% (29/48), 60.0% (12/20), 52.6% (10/19), 34.8% (16/46), and 28.6% (4/14), respectively. In a subgroup analysis of patients experiencing different types of arrhythmias, patients with SB had lower all-cause mortality than patients with AF (P < 0.01). Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses showed that there was a positive statistically significant association between SB and survival (HR: 0.592 [0.352-0.998], P = 0.049) in a subgroup analysis of different arrhythmias. Conclusions: Patients with MM had a heavy arrhythmia burden, and in this study, approximately half of MM patients had arrhythmias. MM patients with SB were associated with lower all-cause mortality than those with AF. SB might be an independent positive factor for prognosis.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 767982, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764876

RESUMO

Background: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS) overlap syndrome (OS) are thought to be at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To evaluate the burden of cardiovascular diseases and long-term outcomes in patients with OS. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and 1-year mortality were compared among patients diagnosed with OS (OS group), COPD alone (COPD group) and OSAS alone (OSAS group), and Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess independent risk factors for all-cause mortality. Results: Overall, patients with OS were at higher risk for pulmonary hypertension (PH), heart failure and all-cause mortality than patients with COPD or OSAS (all p < 0.05). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 1.273 (1.050-1.543); p = 0.014], hypertension [aHR: 2.006 (1.005-4.004); p = 0.048], pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) [aHR: 4.774 (1.335-17.079); p = 0.016] and heart failure [aHR: 3.067 (1.521-6.185); p = 0.002] were found to be independent risk factors for 1-year all-cause mortality. Conclusion: Patients with OS had an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases and 1-year mortality. More efforts are needed to identify the causal relationship between OS and cardiovascular diseases, promoting risk stratification and the management of these patients.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 681484, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646869

RESUMO

Background: The prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is variable and partly depends on their cardiovascular status. The presence of arrhythmias can lead to worse outcomes. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the potential of heart rate (HR) and hypertension in predicating the outcomes of MM patients. Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled patients with MM between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2018, at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University. The endpoint was all-cause mortality. The Pearson's chi-square test was used to assess the association between hypertension and outcomes. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were developed to evaluate the relationship between HR and all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 386 patients were included. The mean HR was 83.8 ± 23.1 beats per minute (bpm). Patients with HR >100 bpm had a higher all-cause mortality (79.4%, 50/63) than those with 60 ≤ HR ≤ 100 bpm (39.9%, 110/276) and <60 bpm (19.1%, 9/47) (p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis based on the International Staging System and sex revealed similar relationships (p < 0.01). When stratified by age, patients with HR >100 bpm had higher all-cause mortality than those with a lower HR when age was <65 years or 65-75 years (p < 0.001) but not >75 years. The proportion of patients with hypertension was 54.7% (211/386). However, hypertension was not associated with all-cause mortality in MM patients (χ2=1.729, p > 0.05). MM patients with HR >100 bpm had the highest all-cause mortality. Conclusions: The prognostic potential of HR may be useful in aiding risk stratification and promoting the management of these patients.

6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 742740, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692793

RESUMO

Background: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute immune-mediated disorder in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) characterized by symmetrical limb weakness, sensory disturbances, and clinically absent or decreased reflexes. Pantalgia and dysautonomia, including cardiovascular abnormalities, are common findings in the spectrum of GBS. It is usually challenging to distinguish GBS-related electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormities and chest pain from acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with GBS due to the similar clinical symptom and ECG characteristics. Here, we present a case of GBS complicating ACS. Case Summary: A 37-year-old woman with a 2-month history of GBS presented to the emergency department due to pantalgia. The ECG showed a pattern of transitional T-wave inversion in the leads I, aVL, and V2 through V4 and shortly returned to normal, which appeared several times in a short time, but lab testing was unremarkable. Then, a further coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed the presence of critical stenosis of the left anterior descending artery, leading to the diagnosis of ACS. During the follow-up, she suffered from a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and accepted revascularization of the left anterior descending artery in the second week after discharge. Conclusion: Guillain-Barré syndrome could accompany chest pain and abnormalities on ECG. Meanwhile, it is essential to bear in mind that "GBS-related ECG abnormalities and chest pain" is a diagnosis of exclusion that can only be considered after excluding coronary artery disease, especially when concomitant chest pain, despite being a common presentation of pantalgia, occurs.

7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 694806, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336955

RESUMO

Rationale: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been identified as independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. However, the impact of COPD and OSA overlap syndrome (OS) on cardiovascular outcomes remains to be elucidated. Objective: To determine the prevalence of cardiovascular events and their risk factors in OS patients. Methods: Seventy-four patients who had OS between January 2015 and July 2020 were retrospectively enrolled, and 222 COPD-only patients and 222 OSA-only patients were pair-matched for age and sex from the same period and served as the OS-free control group. The prevalence rates of coronary heart disease (CHD), arrhythmia, heart failure, and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) were compared among the three groups, and multivariable logistic regression models were used to screen the risk factors for specific cardiovascular events. Results: OS patients had higher prevalence rates of heart failure (10.8 vs. 0.5 and 1.4%, respectively) and PAH (31.1 vs. 4.5 and 17.1%, respectively) than those with OSA alone or COPD alone (all P < 0.01). The CHD prevalence was also significantly higher in the OS group than in the COPD-alone group (25.7 vs. 11.7%, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of arrhythmia among the three groups (20.3, 22.5, and 13.1%, respectively, P > 0.05). In OS patients, risk factors for CHD included hypertension, diabetes, body mass index, lactate dehydrogenase level, and tidal volume; risk factors for heart failure included diabetes, partial pressure of oxygen, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, maximum ventilatory volume, and neutrophilic granulocyte percentage; and risk factors for PAH included minimum nocturnal oxygen saturation, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, and brain natriuretic peptide and lactate dehydrogenase levels. Conclusions: OS patients have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular events, which is associated with hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and impaired lung function in these patients.

9.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 2189-2199, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been demonstrated to be linked to atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the underlying mechanisms of the DM-associated increase in AF susceptibility and the potential effects of DM on atrial remodeling remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to the normal/control group (Con, n=10) and model group (n=15). Mice in the model group were administered a high-fat diet combined with multiple injections of low-dose streptozocin (STZ) (35 mg/kg). Eleven mice were ultimately included in DM group. Left atrial tissue structural and inflammatory alterations were assessed. In our study, the atrial weights of DM mice were markedly heavier than those of mice in the Con group. DM mice exhibited significantly increased fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, and dyslipidaemia. Furthermore, H&E and Masson's staining revealed broadened interstitial spaces, myocyte disarray and atrial fibrosis in DM mice. The expression levels of the atrial inflammation-associated factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and its pathway were significantly altered in the atria of DM mice. CONCLUSION: DM could induce atrial structural remodeling and inflammation in mice.

10.
Eur Heart J Case Rep ; 5(12): ytab477, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35047734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac haemangioma is a rare primary cardiac tumour. Most patients with cardiac haemangioma have no typical symptoms, and some may present with non-specific manifestations, such as shortness of breath, heart palpitations, or cardiac insufficiency, making it difficult to distinguish cardiac haemangioma from other diseases. We report a case of cardiac haemangioma that present with chest pain. This haemangioma was finally completely excised to relieve the patient's symptoms and a avoid poor prognosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 14-year-old boy presented with an intermittent and progressive non-exertional chest pain for 2 weeks. Echocardiography showed a space-occupying mass at the right ventricular apex, which was later confirmed by computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The mass was successfully resected, and postoperative pathology confirmed a cardiac cavernous haemangioma. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery at the 8-month follow-up. DISCUSSION: Cardiac haemangioma is a benign tumour with no typical clinical manifestations, and very few patients may present with chest pain. Preoperative echocardiography, computed tomography, and MRI are helpful for diagnosis, and surgery can relieve symptoms and may improve the prognosis of patients with cardiac haemangioma.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 741253, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35004873

RESUMO

Background: Both acute pancreatitis and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are rapidly progressive and frequently fatal diseases that can be interrelated and lead to a vicious cycle for further problems. The concomitant occurrence of AMI and acute pancreatitis is rare but critical, and efficient diagnosis and treatment of such patients are challenging. Case Summary: We reported an uncommon case of abnormal ECG findings in a 63-year-old woman with acute pancreatitis. The patient exhibited increased biomarkers of myocardial injury, such as creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and troponin T, as well as ST segment elevation in inferior leads II, III, and aVF. Both of these have been previously observed in patients with acute abdomen in the absence of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), including pancreatitis. In addition, lacking complaints of chest pain or tightness was also supportive of this idea. Echocardiography indicated abnormalities in the functioning of the left inferior posterior wall segments and decreased overall systolic function of the left ventricle with a 51% ejection fraction. Eventually, AMI was diagnosed after coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) showing critical stenosis of the right coronary artery and left anterior descending artery segments. The patient was urgently transferred to intensive care unit and was treated with anticoagulation, antiplatelet aggregation, lipid-lowering and other palliative drugs. Conclusion: Concomitant acute pancreatitis and AMI are often considered to be critical conditions with a poor prognosis. Therefore, it is important to rapidly identify this condition and consider transferring patients for multidisciplinary supportive care.

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