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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 762245, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869677

RESUMO

Background: "Atrial fibrillation Better Care" (ABC) pathway has been proposed to improve the management of patients suffered from atrial fibrillation (AF). This integrated or holistic management approach comprise of three aspects, including "A" Avoid stroke or Anticoagulation; "B" Better symptom control with rate or rhythm control strategies; "C" Cardiovascular risk factor and Concomitant diseases management. We aimed to confirm the beneficial evidence of ABC pathway compliance in a Chinese AF cohort. Method and Results: From the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation registry (CAFR) dataset, a total of 19,187 non-valvular AF patients were enrolled, of which 4.365 (22.8%) were ABC pathway compliant (ABC compliance group). During a median follow-up of 4.1 ± 1.8 years, The incident rate of all-cause death in ABC compliance group and non-ABC compliance group is 2.7 and 1.1 per 100 person-year (p < 0.001), the incident rate of ischemic stroke is 1.3 and 0.8% per 100 person-year (p < 0.001), the incident rate of composite outcome, which consist of all-cause death, ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage, is 3.8 and 1.9 per 100 person-year (p < 0.001). On Cox multivariable analysis, ABC pathway shows an independently association with reduction of all-cause death [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.82; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.70-0.95] and the composite outcome (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.76-0.96). The increasingly components of ABC integrated care compliance is associated with lower risk of all-cause death and composite events. Conclusion: In a large cohort of Chinese AF patients, ABC pathway compliance shows an independently association with reduction of all-cause death and composite outcome of all-cause death, ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage. Better compliance of ABC integrated care contributes to lower HR for adverse events.

2.
Clin Cardiol ; 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adherence of oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy among nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in China during recent years was unclear, and the possible factors that influenced the initiation and persistent use of OAC were needed to be explored. METHODS: A total of 1085 NVAF patients, who experienced new-onset and nonfatal AIS from August 2011 to December 2020 during follow-ups in the China Atrial Fibrillation Registry (China-AF), were enrolled. Information including patients' demographic characteristics, medical history, medication usage, which were collected before and after the index stroke, were used in the analysis. RESULTS: OAC was initiated in 40% (434/1085) NVAF patients within 3 months after new-onset AIS. High-reimbursement-rate insurance coverage (odds ratio [OR]: 1.51, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-2.22, p = .036), 3-month-peri-stroke AF episodes (OR: 2.63, 95% CI: 1.88-3.69, p < .001), and pre-stroke OAC usage (OR: 8.92, 95% CI: 6.01-13.23, p < .001), were positively associated with initiation of OAC within 3 months after new-onset AIS, while age (OR: 0.98, 95% CI: 0.96-1.00, p = .024), female (OR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.44-0.90, p = .012) and higher modified HASBLED score (OR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.37-0.55, p < .001) were negatively associated with it. Among 3-month-post-stroke OAC users, history of radiofrequency ablation (hazard ratio: 1.65, 95% CI: 1.16-2.35; p = .006) was positively associated with non-persistence of OAC usage. CONCLUSIONS: In China, the proportion of NVAF patients who initiated OAC therapy since new-onset AIS was still low. More efforts are needed on improving patients' adherence to anticoagulant therapy.

3.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 18(11): 867-876, 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the association between CKD and clinical consequences in AF patients is still under debate. METHODS: We included 19,079 nonvalvular AF patients with available estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) values in the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry from 2011 to 2018. Patients were classified into no CKD (eGFR ≥ 90 mL/min per 1.73 m2), mild CKD (60 ≤ eGFR < 90 mL/min per 1.73 m 2), moderate CKD (30 ≤ eGFR < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m 2), and severe CKD (eGFR < 30 mL/min per 1.73 m 2) groups. The risks of thromboembolism, major bleeding, and cardiovascular mortality were estimated with Fine-Gray regression analysis according to CKD status. Cox regression was performed to assess the risk of all-cause mortality associated with CKD. RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 4.1 ± 1.9 years, there were 985 thromboembolic events, 414 major bleeding events, 956 cardiovascular deaths, and 1,786 all-cause deaths. After multivariate adjustment, CKD was not an independent risk factor of thromboembolic events. As compared to patients with no CKD, those with mild CKD, moderate CKD, and severe CKD had a 45%, 47%, and 133% higher risk of major bleeding, respectively. There was a graded increased risk of cardiovascular mortality associated with CKD status compared with no CKD group: adjusted hazard ratio [HR] was 1.34 (95% CI: 1.07-1.68,P = 0.011) for mild CKD group, 2.17 (95% CI: 1.67-2.81,P < 0.0001) for moderate CKD group, and 2.95 (95% CI: 1.97-4.41, P < 0.0001) for severe CKD group, respectively. Risk of all-cause mortality also increased among patients with moderate or severe CKD. CONCLUSIONS: CKD status was independently associated with progressively higher risks of major bleeding and mortality, but didn't seem to be an independent predictor of thromboembolism in AF patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677727

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore antithrombotic strategy and its relationship with outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) at high risk for stroke and chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) in real-world clinical practice. Patients with AF at high risk for stroke complicated with CCS from China Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CAFR) were enrolled. The patients were divided into non-antithrombotic (Non-AT) group, oral anticoagulants (OAC) group, antiplatelet therapy (APT) group (aspirin or clopidogrel), and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) group (aspirin + clopidogrel) according to their antithrombotic strategies at baseline. The patients with OAC + single antiplatelet drug (14 cases) and OAC + dual antiplatelet therapy (7 cases) were excluded for the small sample size. The primary effectiveness outcome was the composite outcome of coronary events, thromboembolism, and all-cause mortality. The primary safety outcome was major bleeding events. From 2011 to 2018, 25,512 patients were included in the CARF study, 769 patients with AF at high risk for stroke and CCS were enrolled in this study. After a follow-up of 47.4 ± 25.3 months, the incidences of primary effectiveness outcome were 44.6%, 25.7%, 43.6%, and 29.1% in the four groups, respectively (P < 0.001). The incidences of primary effectiveness and all-cause mortality were both significantly lower in the OAC group than in the Non-AT group, (25.7% vs. 44.6%, HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.39-0.73, P < 0.001) and (14.6% vs. 38.5%, HR 0.36, 95%CI 0.25-0.52, P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, age (HR 1.03, 95%CI 1.01-1.05, P = 0.015), heart failure (HR 1.67, 95%CI 1.20-2.33, P = 0.002) and OAC (HR 0.66, 95%CI 0.47-0.91, P = 0.012) were independent factors for the composite outcome. There was no significant difference in major bleeding events between the four groups. OAC monotherapy significantly reduced the primary effectiveness composite outcome and all-cause mortality in the patients with AF at high risk for stroke complicated with CCS. However, there was no significant difference in major bleeding among the different antithrombotic strategies.Trial Registration www.chictr.org.cn (No. ChiCTR-OCH-13003729).

5.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 44(11): 1824-1831, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate theoptimal idarucizumab (dabigatran antagonist) usage strategy for patients with acute pericardial tamponade receiving uninterrupted dabigatran during catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Ten patients presenting acute pericardial tamponade while receiving uninterrupted dabigatran during catheter ablation for AF in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to July 2020 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. A "wait and see" strategy of idarucizumab was carried out for all patients; in brief, idarucizumab was applied following pericardiocentesis, comprehensive evaluation of bleeding and hemostasis. RESULTS: There were five males, five paroxysmal AF, and the average age of the patients was 64.0 ± 9.8 years. Among the 10 patients, four were treated with dabigatran 110 mg, six were treated with dabigatran 150 mg, and one was simultaneously given clopidogrel. The average time from pericardial tamponade to the last dose of dabigatran was 8.2 ± 3.4 h. All patients underwent pericardiocentesis successfully, and the average drainage volume was 322.5 ml (220.0 ± 935.0 ml). For reversal anticoagulation, six patients received protamine, and five patients received idarucizumab. Of the five patients who were treated with idarucizumab, four presented exact hemostasis, except for one patient who underwent continuous drainage and finally received surgery repair. The average time to restart anticoagulation was 1.1 ± 0.3 days after the procedure, and no rebleeding, embolism or deaths were observed. CONCLUSION: The "wait and see" strategy of idarucizumab for acute pericardial tamponade during the perioperative period of catheter ablation for AF may be safe and feasible.

6.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(10): 1422-1431, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) frequently coexist. HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the prognosis of catheter ablation versus drug therapy in patients with AF and SCAD. METHODS: In total, 25 512 patients with AF in the Chinese AF Registry between 2011 and 2019 were screened for SCAD. 815 patients with AF and SCAD underwent catheter ablation therapy were matched with patients by drug therapy in a 1:1 ratio. Primary end point was composite of thromboembolism, coronary events, major bleeding, and all-cause death. The secondary endpoints were each component of the primary endpoint and AF recurrence. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 45 ± 23 months, the patients in the catheter ablation group had a higher AF recurrence-free rate (53.50% vs. 18.41%, p < .01). In multivariate analysis, there was no significant difference between the strategy of catheter ablation and drug therapy in primary composite end point (adjusted HR 074, 95%CI 0.54-1.002, p = .0519). However, catheter ablation was associated with fewer all-cause death independently (adjusted HR 0.36, 95%CI 0.22-0.59, p < .01). In subgroup analysis, catheter ablation was an independent risk factor for all-cause death in the high-stroke risk group (adjusted HR 0.39, 95%CI 0.23-0.64, p < .01), not in the low-medium risk group (adjusted HR 0.17, 95%CI 0.01-2.04, p = .17). CONCLUSIONS: In the patients with AF and SCAD, catheter ablation was not independently associated with the primary composite endpoint compared with drug therapy. However, catheter ablation was an independent protective factor of all-cause death.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 341, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is widely used in atrial fibrillation (AF) management. In this study, we are aimed to investigate the incidence of postprocedural cognitive decline in a larger population undergoing AF ablation under local anesthesia, and to evaluate the associated risk factors. METHODS: This study included 287 patients with normal cognitive functions, with 190 ablated AF patients (study group) and 97 AF patients who are awaiting ablation (practice group). We assessed the neuropsychological function of each patient for twice (study group: 24 h prior to ablation and 48 h post ablation; practice group: on the day of inclusion and 72 h later but before ablation). The reliable change index was used to analyze the neuropsychological testing scores and to identify postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) at 48 h post procedure. Patients in the study group accepting a 6-month follow up were given an extra cognitive assessment. RESULTS: Among the ablated AF patients, 13.7% (26/190) had POCD at 48 h after the ablation procedure. Multivariable analysis revealed that, a minimum intraoperative activated clotting time (ACT) < 300 s (OR 3.82, 95% CI 1.48-9.96, P = 0.006) and not taking oral anticoagulants within one month prior to ablation(OR 10.35, 95% CI 3.54-30.27, P < 0.001) were significantly related to POCD at 48 h post-ablation. In 172 patients of the study group accepting a 6-month follow up, there were 23 patients with POCD at 48 h post-ablation and 149 patients without POCD. The global cognitive scores were decreased in 48 h post-operation tests (0 ± 1 vs - 0.15 ± 1.10, P < 0.001) and improved significantly at 6 months post-operation (0 ± 1 vs 0.43 ± 0.92, P < 0.001). In the 23 patients with POCD at 48 h after the procedure, global cognitive performance at 6 months was not significantly different compared with that at baseline (- 0.05 ± 1.25 vs - 0.19 ± 1.33, P = 0.32), while 13 of them had higher scores than baseline level. CONCLUSIONS: Incident of POCD after ablation procedures is high in the short term. Inadequate periprocedural anticoagulation are possible risk factors. However, most POCD are reversible at 6 months, and a general improvement was observed in cognitive function at 6 months after ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(19): 2293-2298, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of ischemic stroke is required for deciding anticoagulation use in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Even though only 6% to 8% of AF patients die from stroke, about 90% are indicated for anticoagulants according to the current AF management guidelines. Therefore, we aimed to develop an accurate and easy-to-use new risk model for 1-year thromboembolic events (TEs) in Chinese AF patients. METHODS: From the prospective China Atrial Fibrillation Registry cohort study, we identified 6601 AF patients who were not treated with anticoagulation or ablation at baseline. We selected the most important variables by the extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm and developed a simplified risk model for predicting 1-year TEs. The novel risk score was internally validated using bootstrapping with 1000 replicates and compared with the CHA2DS2-VA score (excluding female sex from the CHA2DS2-VASc score). RESULTS: Up to the follow-up of 1 year, 163 TEs (ischemic stroke or systemic embolism) occurred. Using the XGBoost algorithm, we selected the three most important variables (congestive heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction, age, and prior stroke, abbreviated as CAS model) to predict 1-year TE risk. We trained a multivariate Cox regression model and assigned point scores proportional to model coefficients. The CAS scheme classified 30.8% (2033/6601) of the patients as low risk for TE (CAS score = 0), with a corresponding 1-year TE risk of 0.81% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41%-1.19%). In our cohort, the C-statistic of CAS model was 0.69 (95% CI: 0.65-0.73), higher than that of CHA2DS2-VA score (0.66, 95% CI: 0.62-0.70, Z = 2.01, P = 0.045). The overall net reclassification improvement from CHA2DS2-VA categories (low = 0/high ≥1) to CAS categories (low = 0/high ≥1) was 12.2% (95% CI: 8.7%-15.7%). CONCLUSION: In Chinese AF patients, a novel and simple CAS risk model better predicted 1-year TEs than the widely-used CHA2DS2-VA risk score and identified a large proportion of patients with low risk of TEs, which could potentially improve anticoagulation decision-making. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.chictr.org.cn (Unique identifier No. ChiCTR-OCH-13003729).


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Isquemia Encefálica , Embolia , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
10.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 44(2): 293-305, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372281

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF-CA) in patients with situs inversus dextrocardia (SID) can be challenging because of the contrary anatomy and associated anomalies. Cases and literature regarding AF-CA in SID are rare and provide little information. Our study aims to present an improved procedure, ablation strategies, and evaluate the safety and outcomes of AF-CA in patients with AF and SID. METHODS: A total of 10 patients with AF-SID (mean age, 60.4 ± 15.7 years; six paroxysmal AF, four persistent atrial fibrillation [PeAF]) were enrolled. For the improved procedure, images obtained by preacquired computed tomography and three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping, integrating intracardiac echocardiography, and x-ray imaging data are necessary to optimize the transseptal puncture and ablation procedure. RESULTS: All patients successfully underwent 13 AF-CA procedures without complications, including three patients received repeat procedures. However, two PeAF patients presented sick sinus syndrome (SSS) after the AF-CA procedure, and one underwent permanent pacemaker implantation therapy during hospitalization. During the follow-up period (6-72 months), the outcomes were not favorable: three patients (30%) maintained sinus rhythm (SR) after the initial procedure; after repeated procedures, the overall SR rate was 40% (four patients). CONCLUSION: With the improved strategy, AF-CA can be safely and effectively performed with low radiation exposure in patients with SID. However, the long-term outcomes were not favorable, even when managed at a tertiary center by a team of specialists. Moreover, patients with PeAF might also have masked SSS, which should be carefully considered.

11.
Semin Thromb Hemost ; 46(8): 887-894, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368110

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) can be secondary to acute pulmonary embolism (PE). This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of new-onset AF on patients with acute PE. In this study, 4,288 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with acute PE were retrospectively screened. In total, 77 patients with acute PE and new-onset AF were analyzed. Another 154 acute PE patients without AF were selected as the age- and sex-matched control group. Adverse in-hospital outcome comprised one of the following conditions: all-cause death, endotracheal intubation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and intravenous catecholamine therapy. The patients with new-onset AF had higher prevalence of congestive heart failure, higher simplified PE severity index (sPESI), higher creatinine, and larger left atrium diameter. The incidences of adverse in-hospital outcomes were 10.4 and 2.6% in patients with new-onset AF and no AF, respectively (p = 0.02). Patients with sPESI ≥ 1 had higher incidence of adverse in-hospital outcomes than those with sPESI = 0 (9.4 vs. 0.9%, p < 0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of sPESI and sPESI + AF (adding 1 point for new-onset AF) scores in assessing the adverse in-hospital outcome were 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-0.93) and 0.84 (95% CI: 0.72-0.96), respectively. In multivariable analysis, sPESI ≥ 1 (odds ratio, 8.88; 95% CI: 1.10-72.07; p = 0.04) was an independent predictor of adverse in-hospital outcome. However, new-onset AF was not an independent predictor. In the population studied, sPESI is an independent predictor of adverse in-hospital outcomes, whereas new-onset AF following acute PE is not, but it may add predictive value to sPESI.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Prognóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(12): 3141-3149, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in abdominal solid organ transplant recipients and a cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. However, the outcomes of catheter ablation (CA) in transplant recipients with AF remain unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the outcomes of CA in renal and hepatic transplant recipients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2015 and 2019, 14 transplant recipients (nine with kidney transplantation and five with liver transplantation) were enrolled from among 10,741 AF patients and underwent CA at Anzhen Hospital. Another 56 patients matched by age, sex, and AF type were selected as the control group (four controls for each transplant recipient). During a mean follow-up of 30.0 ± 13.3 months after the initial procedure, 10 (71.4%) of the transplant patients, compared to 41 (73.2%) of the control patients, remained free from AF recurrence (p = 1.000). A repeated procedure was performed in one transplant patient and in six control subjects. Consequently, 11 (78.6%) of the transplant patients, compared to 46 (82.1%) of controls, were in sinus rhythm after the repeated ablation (p = .715). Notably, Kaplan-Meier analysis did not demonstrate any significant differences in the atrial arrhythmia-free rate after the initial and repeated procedure between the two groups. Vascular complications were identified in one transplant patient and two control subjects, while no life-threatening complications were observed in either group. There was no transient allograft dysfunction in transplant recipients after CA. CONCLUSION: CA is safe and effective in abdominal solid transplant recipients, and maybe an optimal therapeutic strategy for this group.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recidiva , Transplantados , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Europace ; 22(11): 1712-1717, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830238

RESUMO

AIMS: Accessory pathways (APs) successfully ablated at the aortomitral continuity (AMC) were sporadically reported but relevant data are very limited. We aimed to describe the electrophysiological characteristics of AMC-AP and the related anatomy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study involved eight (male/female = 3/5, mean age 42.6 ± 10.5 years) patients with left-sided AP successfully ablated in the AMC region. The retrograde atrial activation sequence was analysed and compared via recordings at the His-bundle (HB), coronary sinus (CS), and roving catheter during tachycardia, and the peak of QRS from the same cardiac circle used as time reference. Of the eight patients, two received prior ablations. During tachycardia, the activation time at the proximal CS (CSp), lateral CS (CSl), and HB region averaged 120 ± 26 ms, 124 ± 29 ms, and 117 ± 21 ms following the reference, respectively (P = 0.86). The latest atrial activation was recorded in the posterior CS which averaged 135 ± 25 ms following the reference. Placing the ablation catheter to AMC via retrograde approach was attempted in all cases but stable positioning achieved in none. Via transseptal approach, the ablation catheter could be easily placed at the AMC and recorded the earliest retrograde atrial activations with 60 ± 27 ms earlier than the relatively 'earliest' CS/HB recordings, and ablation at this site successfully eliminated AP conduction. No patients had recovered AP conduction after at least 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: AMC-AP is featured by recording comparable retrograde atrial activation times at CSp, CSl, and HB with the latest recordings at the posterior CS. Stable placement and successful ablation in the AMC via retrograde aortic approach was difficult but can be achieved via transseptal approach.


Assuntos
Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular , Ablação por Cateter , Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/cirurgia , Adulto , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taquicardia
14.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(11): 1856-1863, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The moderator band (MB) is an endocavitary structure with only 2 exits to the bulk of the ventricular myocardium. Whether this may lead to specific electrophysiological characteristics remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate electrocardiographic (ECG), activation, and pace mapping characteristics of MB-originated ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). METHODS: Mapping and ablation of MB-VAs were performed in 12 patients under the guidance of a 3-dimensional electroanatomic mapping system and intracardiac echocardiography and ECG, and mapping data were analyzed. Of these patients, 11 underwent pace mapping study of 6 sites around the MB and the QRS morphology was compared. RESULTS: The earliest activation site was free wall (FW) insertion in 8 patients (66.7%) and MB body in 4 patients (33.3%), preceding the QRS onset by 17.8±4.7 ms, and Purkinje-like potential was observed in 6 (50.0%). VAs were eliminated at the earliest activation site in the procedure, but recurrence was documented in 2 cases (16.7%) during a follow-up of 13.4±7.8 months. Pacing QRS complex from the MB was characterized by short QRS duration (P<.001), short intrinsicoid deflection time (P<.001), later precordial transition (P=.025), and notch on the descending limb of the inferior leads (P<.001) as compared with pacing from the adjacent anterior-lateral FW, and that notch could also differentiate MB from the anterior papillary muscle (P=.027). However, pacing QRS is identical between the MB body and the FW insertion in 11 of 11 patients and between the septal insertion and the MB body in 7 of 11 patients. CONCLUSION: Bidirectional conduction via the 2 exits during MB-VAs contributed to distinct ECG and electrophysiological characteristics, while pace mapping is of limited value in defining the ablation target.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Potencial de Superfície Corporal/métodos , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 13(6): 965-969, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488597

RESUMO

This study aimed to verify the reliability of ablation index (AI) for ablation lesion estimating with different settings for radiofrequency (RF) parameters: power, impedance, contact angles, irrigation rate, temperature of irrigation saline, and irrigation solution. RF ablations (N = 66) were performed on ex vivo porcine left ventricle submerged in 37 °C saline. The aforementioned ablation parameters were changed to measure whether the size of the ablation lesion was consistent at a fixed AI value of 500. The maximum lesion diameter (r = - 0.631, P = 0.028), depth (r = - 0.896, P < 0.001), and volume (r = - 0.745, P < 0.005) were significantly reduced with an increase of the impedance. The lesion depth (P < 0.05) and the lesion volume (P < 0.05) were significantly larger with glucose irrigation than saline irrigation. In conclusion, at a fixed AI value, impedance and irrigation solution have impact on the ablation lesions, which could affect the accuracy of AI formula to estimate ablation lesion size. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Glucose/química , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Solução Salina/química , Irrigação Terapêutica , Animais , Impedância Elétrica , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Sus scrofa , Temperatura
16.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(8): 1337-1345, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The unique malformation of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (cc-TGA) makes the pulmonary outflow tract (POT) a possible origin of atrial tachycardia (AT). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mapping characteristics of ATs successfully ablated at the POT in patients with cc-TGA. METHODS: Patients with cc-TGA with AT eliminated at the POT were analyzed. Activation mapping of the atria and POT was performed under the guidance of a 3-dimensional electroanatomic mapping system. The activation pattern of these chambers was investigated, with the local activation time (LAT; using coronary sinus ostium as a reference) of the earliest activation site (EAS) being compared. RESULTS: AT eliminated at the POT was documented in 5 of 6 patients with cc-TGA. The EAS was at the right anteroseptal region with a LAT of 33 (21-120) ms in the right atrium and at the septal wall with a comparable LAT (26, 47, and 26 ms; P = .604) in the left atrium. The EAS of the POT was in the vicinity of the left-facing pulmonary sinus cusp in 3 cases and the nonfacing pulmonary sinus cusp in 2 cases, with a LAT of 106 (28-134) ms preceding both atria. Ablation at this site successfully eliminated AT in all 5 cases. CONCLUSION: AT arising adjacent to the POT is not an uncommon tachycardia in patients with situs solitus-type cc-TGA and can be safely eliminated by ablation targeting the EAS in the POT.


Assuntos
Transposição Congênita Corrigida de Grandes Artérias/complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Transposição Congênita Corrigida de Grandes Artérias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia Supraventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/cirurgia
17.
Europace ; 22(1): 90-99, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909431

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to investigate the safety of discontinuing oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy after apparently successful atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, using data from the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 4512 consecutive patients who underwent successful AF ablation between August 2011 and December 2017. Of them, 3149 discontinued OAC 3 months post-ablation (Off-OAC group) and 1363 continued OAC beyond this period (On-OAC group). Regular follow-up examinations were undertaken to detect AF recurrence, monitor OAC therapy, and measure clinical outcomes. Primary outcomes included thromboembolic and major bleeding (MB) events experienced beyond 3 months after ablation. Low thromboembolic and MB event rates were noted in the on-treatment analysis. The incidence rates for thromboembolism were 0.54 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.39-0.76] and 0.86 (95% CI 0.56-1.30) per 100 patient-years, and that for MB events were 0.19 (95% CI 0.11-0.34) and 0.35 (95% CI 0.18-0.67) per 100 patient-years, for the Off-OAC and On-OAC groups over mean follow-up periods of 24.2 ± 14.7 and 23.0 ± 13.6 months, respectively. Similar results were observed in the intention-to-treat analysis. Previous history of ischaemic stroke (IS)/transient ischaemic attack (TIA)/systemic embolism (SE) [hazard ratio (HR) 3.40, 95% CI 1.92-6.02; P < 0.01] and diabetes mellitus (HR 2.06, 95% CI 1.20-3.55, P = 0.01) were independently associated with thromboembolic events, while OAC discontinuation (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.41-1.23, P = 0.21) remained insignificant in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that it may be safe to discontinue OAC in post-ablation patients under diligent monitoring, in the absence of AF recurrence, history of IS/TIA/SE, and diabetes mellitus. However, further large-scale randomized trials are required to confirm this. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-OCH-13003729. URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=5831.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Isquemia Encefálica , Ablação por Cateter , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
18.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 17(12): 740-749, 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33424941

RESUMO

Background: It is unclear whether catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) affects the long-term prognosis in the elderly. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between CA and long-term outcomes in elderly patients with AF. Methods: Patients more than 75 years old with non-valvular AF were prospectively enrolled between August 2011 and December 2017 in the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry Study. Participants who underwent CA at baseline were propensity score matched (1:1) with those who did not receive CA. The outcome events included all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), and cardiovascular hospitalization. Results: Overall, this cohort included 571 ablated patients and 571 non-ablated patients with similar characteristics on 18 dimensions. During a mean follow-up of 39.75 ± 19.98 months (minimum six months), 24 patients died in the ablation group, compared with 60 deaths in the non-ablation group [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.49, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.30-0.79, P = 0.0024]. Besides, 6 ablated and 29 non-ablated subjects died of cardiovascular disease (HR = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.11-0.61, P = 0.0022). A total of 27 ablated and 40 non-ablated patients suffered stroke/TIA (HR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.48-1.28, P = 0.3431). In addition, 140 ablated and 194 non-ablated participants suffered cardiovascular hospitalization (HR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.67-1.04, P = 0.1084). Subgroup analyses according to gender, type of AF, time since onset of AF, and anticoagulants exposure in initiation did not show significant heterogeneity. Conclusions: In elderly patients with AF, CA may be associated with a lower incidence of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.

19.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(2): 243-249, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right free-wall (RFW) accessory pathway (AP) with branched atrial insertions is a rare, underrecognized AP that may be associated with initial ablation failure. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of this AP. METHODS: From January 2011 to March 2018, 10 patients identified with branched RFW-AP were enrolled in this study, and 30 consecutive patients with conventional RFW-APs served as control group. Right atrium (RA) was activation-mapped and 3-dimensionally reconstructed during AP-mediated orthodromic tachycardia or right ventricular pacing. Atrial insertions were defined as the earliest breakout sites, and their relationship with the tricuspid annulus (TA) were described and analyzed. RESULTS: An average of 3 separate atrial insertions on the atrial side were documented among these 10 cases (5 female and 5 male; mean age 38.0 ± 13.9 years). All atrial insertions were away from the TA. The nearest atrial insertions averaged 15.9 ± 3.4 mm away from the TA, and the farthest atrial insertions were 22.6 ± 5.7 mm away from the TA. Anterograde and retrograde AP conduction remained unaffected after ablation of the first earliest breakout site but were eliminated by ablating all insertions after an average of 2.5 (range 2-2.5) remaps, 3 sites of ablation (range 2.5-4.5), 21 (range 15.5-37.8) radiofrequency applications, and 659.5 (range 464.3-1144.3) seconds of radiofrequency ablation duration. After 12-month follow-up, no patients reported AP conduction recovery or recurrent tachycardia. CONCLUSION: RFW-AP with branched atrial insertions is an atypical AP variant and featured by >1 distinct atrial insertions on atrial side. Stepwise ablation rather than single focal ablation is required to eliminate all retrograde conduction.


Assuntos
Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas/métodos , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia/cirurgia , Adulto , Ablação por Cateter , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia/fisiopatologia
20.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(1): 30-37, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of wire-guided pericardial access without contrast. METHODS: From January 2014 to February 2019, patients who received epicardial mapping and ablation of ventricular tachycardia in the Beijing Anzhen Hospital were entered into the current study. They were divided into contrast-guided access group or wire-guided access group according to the pericardial puncture technique used. The baseline variables, procedure parameters, complications were collected and compared. RESULTS: During the study period, a consecutive of 73 patients received epicardial access. The initial 32 patients received contrast-guided puncture with success achieved in 30 patients, the remaining 41 patients underwent wire-guided puncture with success achieved in 40 patients (30/32 and 40/41, P = .581). Fluoroscopy time (4.45 ± 0.52 and 4.38 ± 0.46 minutes, P = .891) and access time (5.14 ± 0.58 and 5.34 ± 0.50 minutes, P = .657) were comparable between the two groups. Inadvertent right ventricular puncture occurred more commonly in the contrast-guided group (5/32 and 1/41, P = .038). Though more pericardial effusions (2/32 and 1/41, P = .575), tamponade (2/32 and 1/41, P = .575), and surgical repair (1/32 and 0/41, P = .432) occurred in the contrast-guided group, they reached no statistical difference. CONCLUSION: Wire-guided pericardial puncture exhibits better safety and similar success rates to contrast-guided technique with a trend towards less complications.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ablação por Cateter , Mapeamento Epicárdico , Pericárdio , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Adulto , Pequim , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Mapeamento Epicárdico/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Punções , Radiografia Intervencionista , Fatores de Risco , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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