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1.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 206(2): 196-207, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382213

RESUMO

Elderly individuals exhibit unbalanced bone marrow (BM) effector T cell subset differentiation, such as increased T helper type 1 (Th1) and T cytotoxic type 1 (Tc1) cell frequencies, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Endothelial cells (ECs), which are instructive components of the BM microenvironment, exhibit the phenotype of semi-professional antigen-presenting cells and regulate T cell recruitment and activation. Thus, we compared the frequency and function of BM ECs, especially their capacity to regulate effector T cell subsets, between young and elderly healthy individuals, and explored the underlying mechanism of this immunomodulatory discrepancy. Although the young and elderly EC percentages were comparable, young ECs showed fewer reactive oxygen species and better migratory and tube-forming abilities than elderly ECs. Notably, increased T cell activation molecules and inflammatory cytokines were found in elderly ECs which regulated T cells to differentiate into more proinflammatory T cells, including Th1 and Tc1 cells, than young ECs.

2.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 234, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140465

RESUMO

Dysfunctional megakaryopoiesis hampers platelet production, which is closely associated with thrombocytopenia (PT). Macrophages (MФs) are crucial cellular components in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. However, the specific effects of M1 MФs or M2 MФs on regulating megakaryocytes (MKs) are largely unknown. In the current study, aberrant BM-M1/M2 MФ polarization, characterized by increased M1 MФs and decreased M2 MФs and accompanied by impaired megakaryopoiesis-supporting abilities, was found in patients with PT post-allotransplant. RNA-seq and western blot analysis showed that the PI3K-AKT pathway was downregulated in the BM MФs of PT patients. Moreover, in vitro treatment with PI3K-AKT activators restored the impaired megakaryopoiesis-supporting ability of MФs from PT patients. Furthermore, we found M1 MФs suppress, whereas M2 MФs support MK maturation and platelet formation in humans. Chemical inhibition of PI3K-AKT pathway reduced megakaryopoiesis-supporting ability of M2 MФs, as indicated by decreased MK count, colony-forming unit number, high-ploidy distribution, and platelet count. Importantly, genetic knockdown of the PI3K-AKT pathway impaired the megakaryopoiesis-supporting ability of MФs both in vitro and in a MФ-specific PI3K-knockdown murine model, indicating a critical role of PI3K-AKT pathway in regulating the megakaryopoiesis-supporting ability of M2 MФs. Furthermore, our preliminary data indicated that TGF-ß released by M2 MФs may facilitate megakaryopoiesis through upregulation of the JAK2/STAT5 and MAPK/ERK pathways in MKs. Taken together, our data reveal that M1 and M2 MФs have opposing effects on MKs in a PI3K-AKT pathway-dependent manner, which may lead to new insights into the pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia and provide a potential therapeutic strategy to promote megakaryopoiesis.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 89(24): 1702-6, 2009 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19957531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of oral immune tolerance of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like model induced by nucleosomal Th cell epitope via the attenuated Salmonella typhimurium. METHODS: SLE-like murine model was established by immunization with apoptotic syngeneic lymphocytes. The recombinant strains were orally administrated to induce immune tolerance. The levels of serum autoantibodies, such as anti-ANA, ds-DNA, and antinucleosome antibody, leukopenia, proteinuria and kidney injuries were evaluated. RESULTS: SLE-like murine model was successfully established. Compared with controls, it was shown that CTLA4-Ig-H2B group could dramatically reduce the levels of serum autoantibodies, such as anti-ANA, ds-DNA and antinucleosome antibody and ameliorate leukopenia and proteinuria (all P < 0.05). Immune complex deposits of IgG in glomeruli were lower in CTLA4-Ig-H2B (1.35 +/- 0.16) than in CTLA4-Ig (1.66 +/- 0.23) and H2B (1.69 +/- 0.24) (both P < 0.05). The score of glomeruli lesion of CTLA4-Ig-H2B (1.26 +/- 0.14) was significantly lower than those of CTLA4-Ig (1.73 +/- 0.25) and H2B (1.71 +/- 0.20) (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Combined with CTLA4-Ig, it is feasible to induce oral immune tolerance of SLE models with nucleosomal Th cell epitope via the attenuated Salmonella typhimurium. This may provide a novel way to prevent and treat SLE by oral immune tolerance.


Assuntos
Tolerância Imunológica , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Nucleossomos/imunologia , Animais , DNA , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Feminino , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Salmonella typhimurium/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia
4.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 298(4): 183-90, 2006 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16897077

RESUMO

To investigate the possibility of hair follicle reformation induced by dermal papilla cells in vivo and in vitro. Dermal papilla cells, dermal sheath cells obtained from human scalp skin by enzyme digestion were mixed with collagen to form mesenchymal cell-populated collagen gels. Superior and inferior epithelial cells and bulb matrical cells were then cultured on these gels by organotypic culture to recombine bilayer artificial skins. Dermal papilla cells and outer root sheath keratinocytes were mingled together and transplanted under subcutaneous tissue of the dorsal skin of nude mice. The results of histologic examination was observed with HE stain. These recombinants by organotypic culture all reformed bilayer structure like nature skin. Hair follicle-like structure reformation was found in dermal sheath cell-populated collagen gel when combined with superior or inferior epithelial cells. Dermal papilla cells also induced superior and inferior epithelial cells to form hair follicle on nude mice. Low passage dermal papilla cells mixed with hair follicle epithelial cells reformed many typical hair follicle structures and produced hair fibres after transplantation on nude mice. The dermal part of hair follicle, such as dermal papilla cells and dermal sheath cells, has the ability to induce hair follicle formation by interaction with the epithelial cells of hair follicle.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células/fisiologia , Derme/citologia , Folículo Piloso/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Couro Cabeludo/citologia , Animais , Comunicação Celular , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Transplante de Células/métodos , Células Cultivadas , Folículo Piloso/anatomia & histologia , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Couro Cabeludo/fisiologia , Pele Artificial , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
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