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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(41): 6258-6272, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of laboratory blood parameters (BPM) have been reported to greatly affect the long-term outcomes of gastric cancer (GC) patients. However, the existing prognostic models do not comprehensively analyze these predictors. AIM: To construct a new prognostic tool, based on all the prognostic BPM, to achieve more accurate prognosis prediction for GC. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 850 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for stage II-III GC from January 2010 to April 2013. The patients were classified into developing (n = 567) and validation (n = 283) cohorts using computer-generated random numbers. A scoring system, namely BPM score, was then constructed using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model in the developing cohort, and validated in the validation cohort. A nomogram consisting of BPM score and tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) stage was further created. The discrimination and calibration of the nomogram were evaluated via Harrell's C-statistic and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test. RESULTS: Using the LASSO model, we established the BPM score based on five BPM: Albumin, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, carcinoembryonic antigen, and carbohydrate antigen 19-9. The BPM scores were divided into high- and low-BPM groups based on a cut-off value of -0.93. High-BPM patients were significantly older and had more advanced, larger tumors. In the developing cohort, significant differences were found in 5-year overall survival (OS) and 5-year disease-specific survival between the high-BPM and low-BPM patients. Similar results were found in the validation group. Multivariable analysis showed that the BPM score was an independent predictor of OS. High-BPM patients had a poorer 5-year OS for each subgroup. Furthermore, a nomogram that combined the BPM score and TNM stage had significantly better prognostic value compared with TNM stage alone. CONCLUSION: The BPM score provides more accurate prognosis prediction in stage II-III GC patients and is an effective complement to the TNM staging system.

2.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of three nutritional scoring systems: Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI), Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT), and Naples Prognostic Score (NPS) on the short- or long-term prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) patients who underwent radical gastrectomy. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 2182 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy at the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital (FMUUH) from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The effects of the PNI, CONUT, and NPS on the short- or long-term prognosis of GC patients were analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, 359 (16.5%) patients had postoperative complications. There was no significant association between the PNI, CONUT, and NPS and postoperative complications (P > 0.05); however, high CONUT and NPS were significantly associated with severe postoperative complications (P < 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that PNI, CONUT, and NPS were all associated with overall survival (OS) (P < 0.001). However, multivariate analysis showed that only PNI was an independent risk factor for OS (P = 0.004), and the 5-year OS rate in the low PNI group was significantly lower than that in the normal PNI group (55.5% vs 75.4%, P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) and the c-index of PNI were significantly higher than those of CONUT and NPS. The prognostic efficiency of combining PNI and TNM stage was also significantly better than that of TNM staging alone (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrated that CONUT and NPS are important for assessing the risk of severe postoperative complications. However, PNI is an independent risk factor for the long-term prognosis of GC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy and can improve the prognostic efficiency of TNM staging.

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