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1.
Talanta ; 222: 121500, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167213

RESUMO

Alkylated DNA adducts are the most important and common form of DNA damage at the molecular level. In addition to known alkylated DNA adducts, many unknown DNA adducts remain to be discovered. A prediction-driven MRM profiling MS strategy has been established for the rapid discovery of unknown DNA adducts induced by sulfonates. The innovative aspects and core of this strategy are the construction of the prediction MRM list, which includes 36 possible precursor ion and characteristic product ion transitions of DNA adducts based on MS fragmentation patterns, and then unknown DNA adducts 7-propyl guanine and 7-butyl guanine were discovered based on the diagnostic MRM signals of the DNA samples, and subsequently confirmed using high-resolution MS data and synthetic standards for the first time. Furthermore, DNA adducts, including newly found adducts in a human cell model and rat tissues after nitrosamine and sulfonate exposure, were unambiguously investigated by a UHPLC-MS/MS method. As a result, different alkyl methanesulfonates, including methyl methanesulfonate (MMS), ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS), PMS and BMS, all lead to the formation of 7MeG in addition to their own specific alkylation DNA adducts. The ester group of the sulfonate determines the specific types of DNA adducts produced, and the sulfonate might undergo transesterification with the methyl donors that commonly exist in eukaryotic organisms such as SAM, resulting in the formation of MMS, which induce the generation of methyl DNA adducts after EMS, PMS and BMS exposure. Furthermore, similar DNA adduct profiles were presented in both human cells and rat tissues. This approach could be useful in the future for probing unknown DNA adducts and simultaneously profiling both known and unknown DNA adducts in both in vitro to in vivo settings to evaluate potential genotoxicities and cancer risks to populations exposed to genotoxins.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113583, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189845

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shizaotang (SZT), consisted of Euphorbia kansui S.L.Liou ex S.B.Ho (EK), Euphorbia pekinensis Rupr. (EP), Daphne genkwa Sieb. et Zucc. (DG,fried) and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (ZJ), is usually used for treating malignant pleural effusions (MPE), but the toxicity of EK and EP limits its clinical safe application. It was reported that vinegar processing can reduce the toxicity of EK and EP. Whether EK and EP processing with vinegar can cause the reduced toxicity and retained pharmacological effects of SZT, it still remains unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to evaluate whether using vinegar processed EK and EP would reduce toxicity and preserve water expelling effect of SZT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology and qualitative analysis of SZT/VSZT were used to construct compound-target-pathway network of their effects and toxicity. Pleural fluid weight, urine volume, uric electrolyte, pH, pro-inflammatory cytokines in pleural fluid, serum Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS), anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) and intestinal aquaporin 8 (AQP8) protein were used to evaluate the effect mechanisms involved in rats experiments. And liver damage, oxidative damage and HE staining (liver, stomach, and intestine) were used to determine the toxicity. RESULTS: Network pharmacology analysis reviewed inflammation-related pathways of the effect and toxicity of SZT/VSZT: VEGF-PI3K-AKT pathway inhibited MPE by changing the vasopermeability; PI3K-Akt/Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/TNF-NF-κB signaling pathway inhibited MPE by up-regulating expression of AQP8 protein. In vivo experiments displayed that SZT/VSZT could reduce pleural fluid, increase urine volume, lower pro-inflammatory cytokines levels and up-regulate AQP8 protein expression significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). In addition, disorders on electrolyte (Na+, K+ and Cl-) and pH were ameliorated (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The levels of RAAS and ADH were significantly dose-dependently called back (P < 0.01). These findings were partly consistent with the results of network pharmacology analysis. Results of toxicity experiments demonstrated that SZT and VSZT exhibited certain toxicity on normal rats, and VSZT had lower toxicity than that of SZT. Interestingly, SZT and VSZT exerted alleviation effect to the liver damage and oxidative damage on model rats. CONCLUSION: SZT/VSZT improved MPE by regulating associated inflammation pathways. Besides, compared to SZT, VSZT showed lower toxicity and equivalent expelling MPE effect. This study may provide scientific basis for guiding the clinical application of SZT.

3.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245100

RESUMO

To clarify the mechanism of circGOLPH3 regulation on prostate cancer cells, we performed an over-expression and interference circGOLPH3 assay in prostate cancer cells PC-3 and then evaluated cellular viability, proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of prostate cancer cells by MTT, CCK8, Edu stain, TUNEL stain, and flow cytometry. Binding proteins of CircGOLPH3 were identified by RNA pull-down, mass spectrometry, and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. The expressions of CircGOLPH3 and CBX7 were measured by qRT-PCR. The results showed that after over-expression of circGOLPH3, the proliferative capacity and the viability of PC-3cells were significantly improved, whereas apoptosis was inhibited. CircGOLPH3 could bind to the CBX7 protein that was highly expressed in the PC-3 cell. Additionally, a functional test on CBX7 showed that the CBX7 over-expression notably improved the proliferative capacity and the viability of PC-3 cells and decreased cellular apoptosis, which was consistent with the effects of circGOLPH3. The validated this study that circGOLPH3 and its binding protein CBX7can promote prostate cancer cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1132, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that nearly 15-20% of selected high-risk T1-2N0 breast cancers developed LRR after mastectomy. This study is aim to indentify the risk factors of locoregional recurrence (LRR) in patients with pathologic T1-2N0 breast cancer after mastectomy in a real-world and distinguish individuals who warrant postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). METHODS: Female patients treated from 1999 to 2014 in National Cancer Center of China were retrospectively reviewed. A competing risk model was developed to estimate the cumulative incidence of LRR with death treated as a competing event. RESULTS: A total of 4841 patients were eligible. All underwent mastectomy plus axillary nodes dissection or sentinel node biopsy without PMRT. With a median follow-up of 56.4 months (range, 1-222 months), the 5-year LRR rate was 3.9%.Besides treatment era, age ≤ 40 years old (p < 0.001, hazard ratio [HR] = 2.262), tumor located in inner quadrant (p < 0.001, HR = 2.236), T2 stage (p = 0.020, HR = 1.419), and negative expressions of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) (p = 0.032, HR = 1.485), were patients-related independent risk factors for LRR. The 5-year LRR rates were 1.7, 3.5, and 15.0% for patients with zero, 1-2, and 3-4 risk factors (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Risk Stratification based on age, T stage, ER/PR status and tumor location can stratify patients with pT1-2 N0 breast cancer into subgroups with different risk of LRR. PMRT might be suggested for patients with 3-4 risk factors.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1155, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the survival outcomes between breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and modified radical mastectomy (MRM), and to investigate the role of radiotherapy (RT) in patients with pT1-2N1M0 breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 4262 women with T1-2N1M0 breast cancer treated at two institutions were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 3858 patients underwent MRM, and 832 (21.6%) of them received postoperative RT (MRM + RT). A total of 404 patients received BCS plus postoperative RT (BCS + RT). All patients received axillary lymph node dissection, while 3.8% of them had upfront sentinel node biopsy. The association of survival outcomes with different surgical modalities (BCS vs. MRM) and the role of RT were evaluated using multivariable proportional hazards regression and confirmed by the propensity score-matching (PSM) method. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 71 months (range of 6-230 months), the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of the BCS and MRM groups were 96.5 and 92.7%, respectively (P = .001), and the corresponding 5-year disease-free-survival (DFS) and locoregional recurrence (LRR) rates were 92.9 and 84.0%, and 2.0 and 7.0% (P = .001), respectively (P < .001). Multivariate analysis revealed that RT was an independent prognostic factor for improved OS (P = .001) and DFS (P = .009), and decreased LRR (P < .001). However, surgery procedure was not independently associated with either OS (P = .495), DFS (P = .204), or LRR (P = .996), which was confirmed by PSM analysis. CONCLUSION: Postoperative radiotherapy rather than the surgery procedures was associated with superior survival outcomes in patients with T1-2N1M0 breast cancer.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9143695, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204728

RESUMO

Background: Bladder cancer (BCa) is a common urothelial malignancy. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database allows for an opportunity to analyze the relationship between gene expression and clinical outcomes in bladder cancer patients. This study is aimed at identifying prognosis-related genes in the bladder cancer microenvironment. Methods: Immune scores and stromal scores were calculated by applying the ESTIMATE algorithm. We divided bladder cancer patients into high and low groups based on their immune/stromal scores. Then, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in bladder cancer patients based on the TCGA database. We evaluated the correlation between immune/stromal scores and clinical characteristics as well as prognosis. Finally, we validated identified genes associated with bladder cancer prognosis through a cohort study in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Results: A higher stromal score was associated with female (vs. malep = 0.037), age > 65 (vs.age ≤ 65 p = 0.015), T3/4 (vs. T1/2,p < 0.001), N status(p = 0.016), and pathological high grade (vs. low gradeP < 0.001). By analyzing DEGs, there were 1125 genes commonly upregulated, and 209 genes were commonly downregulated. Protein-protein interaction networks further showed the important protein that may be involved in the biological behavior and prognosis of BCa, such as FN1, CXCL12, CD3E, LCK, and ZAP70. A total of 14 DEGs were found to be associated with overall survival of bladder cancer. After validation by a cohort of 165 BCa cases with detailed follow-up information from GSE13507, 10 immune-associated DEGs were demonstrated to be predictive of prognosis in BCa. Among them, 5 genes have not been reported previously associated with the prognosis of BCa, including BTBD16, OLFML2B, PRRX1, SPINK4, and SPON2. Conclusions: Our study elucidated tight associations between stromal score and clinical characteristics as well as prognosis in BCa. Moreover, we obtained a group of genes closely related to the prognosis of BCa in the tumor microenvironment.

7.
J Geriatr Oncol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a diagnostic method to assess the physical and mental health status of older patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (preCRT) for intermediate or locally advanced rectal cancer in older people who were classified as "fit" by CGA. The interim analysis focusing on safety was reported here as the first part of this trial. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a single arm, multicenter, phase II trial. The eligible patients for this study were aged 70 years or above that fulfilled the standard of intermediate or locally advanced risk category, and met the standard of fit (SIOG1) evaluated by CGA. All patients received preCRT (50 Gy) with Raltitrexed (3 mg/m2 on d1 and d22). Qualitative and quantitative variables were described using descriptive statistics. The surgery adherence predicting was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Thirty-nine fit patients were enrolled. All patients except one finished radiotherapy without dose reduction. Thirty-two patients finished the prescribed Raltitrexed therapy as scheduled. A serious toxicity was observed in 12 patients (30.8%), and only six patients (15.4%) experienced non-hematological side effects. CONCLUSION: Overall, our results showed that preCRT was feasible and safe in older patients with rectal cancer who were evaluated as fit based on CGA, supporting the use of CGA to tailor oncological treatment and predict the tolerance of a specific therapy. Completing this trial as planned would provide further valuable insights.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143043, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131882

RESUMO

Shrinkage of plateau lakes under climate strength has drawn growing attention. Because of its intricate implication to hydro-meteorological condition and climate system, stable isotopes in precipitation (e.g. δ2Hp and δ18Op) provide us a powerful tool to understand the climate-hydrologic dynamics in shrinking lakes. However, how the regional atmospheric circulation, moisture sources and local fractionation processes drive isotopic variability from temporal to spatial scale has rarely been reported for remote plateau lakes. Hence, we collected a total of 98 rainfall samples at the south and the north shores of Chenghai lake, Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau to study the potential driving forces of precipitation isotope variability during the wet season of 2019. Based on backward trajectories of air masses obtained from HYSPLIT model, 68% of moisture came from δ18O depleted ocean (Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, South China Sea and Pacific Ocean), and the rainout process promoted the isotopic depletion when moisture arrived at the study basin. Evapotranspiration increased the heavy isotope ratios in precipitation originated from continents (northern China inland and western continents). The temporal dynamics of δ18Op and δ2Hp were in phase with the convection activities intensity underlined the influence from large-scale atmospheric circulation. Local meteorological factors played a secondary role in isotope variability. Precipitation amount-effect strongly affected isotope ratios while mild anti-temperature effect was observed at daily scale. Interestingly, the rainfall isotope ratios showed different mechanisms in govern at lake south shore and north shore, with a distance of 19 km in between. This south-to-north difference can be explained by either lower 1.03% sub-evaporation in the south shore or 7% of recycled moisture contributing to precipitation in the north shore. Our findings discover the driving forces for δ18Op variation and provide solid interpretations for hydro-climate change in Southwest China.

9.
Dev Comp Immunol ; : 103910, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129883

RESUMO

Unlike vertebrate species, invertebrates lack antigen-antibody mediated immune response and mainly rely on haemocyte phagocytosis to fight against pathogen infection. Recently, studies conducted in model vertebrates demonstrated that the multifunctional protein calmodulin (CaM) plays an important role in regulating immune responses. However, the intrinsic relation between CaM and phagocytosis process remains poorly understood in invertebrate species such as bivalve mollusks. Therefore, in the present study, the immunomodulatory function of CaM on haemocyte phagocytosis was verified in the blood clam, Tegillarca granosa, using the CaM-specific inhibitor N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide hydrochloride (W-7). Results obtained show that CaM inhibition significantly suppressed the phagocytic activity of haemocytes. In addition, CaM inhibition constrained intracellular Ca2+ elevation, hampered actin cytoskeleton assembly, suppressed calcineurin (CaN) activity, and disrupted NF-κB activation in haemocytes upon LPS induction. Furthermore, expression of seven selected genes from the actin cytoskeleton regulation- and immune-related pathways were significantly downregulated whereas those of CaM and CaN from the Ca2+-signaling pathway were significantly upregulated by in vitro incubation of haemocytes with W-7. For the first time, the present study demonstrated that CaM play an important role in phagocytosis modulation in bivalve species. In addition, the intracellular Ca2+ and downstream Ca2+-signaling-, actin cytoskeleton regulation-, and immune-related pathways offer candidate routes through which CaM modulates phagocytosis.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124373, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153788

RESUMO

In recent years, ultraviolet (UV) irradiation coupled with chlor(am)ination process is ubiquitous in secondary water supply systems in many cities of China. However, the disinfection by-products (DBPs) formation in a UV-activated mixed chlorine/chloramine system (MCCS) still remains unclear. In this study, the DBPs formation in a UV-activated MCCS was systematically investigated, considering influencing factors including the mass ratios of free chlorine to NH2Cl, UV irradiation, pH values, NOM types, Br- concentration and toxicity of the DBPs. Results indicated that DBPs formation decreased remarkably as mass ratio of free chlorine to NH2Cl changed from 5:0 to 0:5. The DBPs formation in humic acid (HA)-containing water was the highest, followed by those in fulvic acid (FA) and algal organic matter (AOM). Besides, better control of the DBP-related calculated toxicity can be achieved in acidic conditions regardless of the UV irradiation. Furthermore, in the presence of Br-, a significant reduction of DBPs formation could be achieved in a UV-activated MCCS. The findings also demonstrated that DBPs formation in real water can be effectively reduced at high UV fluence in a MCCS.

11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17923, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087814

RESUMO

Detection of chemical cues via chemosensory receptor proteins are essential for most animals, and underlies critical behaviors, including location and discrimination of food resources, identification of sexual partners and avoidance of predators. The current knowledge of how chemical cues are detected is based primarily on data acquired from studies on insects, while our understanding of the molecular basis for chemoreception in acari, mites in particular, remains limited. The poultry red mite (PRM), Dermanyssus gallinae, is one of the most important blood-feeding ectoparasites of poultry. PRM are active at night which suck the birds' blood during periods of darkness and hide themselves in all kinds of gaps and cracks during the daytime. The diversity in habitat usage, as well as the demonstrated host finding and avoidance behaviors suggest that PRM relies on their sense of smell to orchestrate complex behavioral decisions. Comparative transcriptome analyses revealed the presence of candidate variant ionotropic receptors, odorant binding proteins, niemann-pick proteins type C2 and sensory neuron membrane proteins. Some of these proteins were highly and differentially expressed in the forelegs of PRM. Rhodopsin-like G protein-coupled receptors were also identified, while insect-specific odorant receptors and odorant co-receptors were not detected. Furthermore, using scanning electron microscopy, the tarsomeres of all leg pairs were shown to be equipped with sensilla chaetica with or without tip pores, while wall-pored olfactory sensilla chaetica were restricted to the distal-most tarsomeres of the forelegs. This study is the first to describe the presence of chemosensory genes in any Dermanyssidae family. Our findings make a significant step forward in understanding the chemosensory abilities of D. gallinae.

12.
Mar Environ Res ; 162: 105182, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049543

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that ocean acidification (OA) may affect animal behaviors such as feeding. Although gustation plays a crucial role in evaluating the quality and palatability of food and ultimately influences whether or not teleosts consume the food, the potential impact of OA on gustation-mediated feeding behavior remains unknown. In this study, gustation mediated-feeding behavior, as indicated by the consumption rate (CR) and swallowing rate (SR) of agar pellets with or without feed upon OA exposure was investigated in black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii). Results showed that the exposure to acidified seawater led to significant reductions in the CR and SR of feed-containing agar pellets. In addition, the in vivo contents of three neurotransmitters and expression of genes from the gustatory signal transduction pathway were all significantly suppressed by the OA treatment. In general, the data obtained indicated that OA may hinder the gustation-mediated feeding behavior of A. schlegelii by disrupting gustatory signal transduction, which may aggravate the issue of food shortage for wild populations of black sea bream.


Assuntos
Dourada , Paladar , Animais , Comportamento Alimentar , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Água do Mar , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e928054, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological factors associated with surgical site infection (SSI) and the prognostic impact on patients after colorectal cancer (CRC) resection surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study evaluated the relationships between SSI and various clinicopathological factors and prognostic outcomes in 326 consecutive patients with CRC who underwent radical resection surgery at Wuhan Union Hospital during April 2015-May 2017. RESULTS Among the 326 patients who underwent radical CRC resection surgery, 65 had SSIs, and the incidence rates of incisional and organ/space SSI were 16.0% and 12.9%, respectively. Open surgery, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a previous abdominal surgical history were identified as risk factors for incisional SSI. During a median follow-up of 40 months (range: 5-62 months), neither simple incisional nor simple organ/space SSI alone significantly affected disease-free survival (DFS) or overall survival (OS), whereas combined incisional and organ/space SSI had a significant negative impact on both the 3-year DFS and OS (P<0.001). A multivariate analysis identified that age ≥60 years, lymph node involvement, tumor depth (T3-T4), and incisional and organ/space SSI were independent predictors of 3-year DFS and OS. In addition, adjuvant chemotherapy and a carbohydrate antigen-125 concentration ≥37 ng/ml were also independent predictors of OS. CONCLUSIONS We have identified several clinicopathological factors associated with SSI, and identified incisional and organ/space SSI is an independent prognostic factor after CRC resection. Assessing the SSI classification may help to predict the prognosis of these patients and determine further treatment options.

14.
J Org Chem ; 85(20): 12870-12881, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000945

RESUMO

We report the development of a facile protocol for the [4+2] cycloaddition of ynamides and 2-halomethyl phenols to afford the corresponding 2-amino-4H-chromenes and α-halo enamides under catalyst-free conditions. The reaction proceeds under mild conditions and exhibits good tolerance toward various functional groups and generates high yields. The plausible mechanism involves the formation of an active intermediate keteniminium as well as o-methylene quinone.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16764, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028895

RESUMO

Antibodies have become an attractive class of therapeutic agents for solid tumors, mainly because of their high target selectivity and affinity. The target binding properties of antibodies are critical for their efficacy and toxicity. Our lab has developed a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) imaging approach that directly supports the measurement of the binding dynamics between antibodies and their targets in the native tumor environment. In the present study, we have developed a spatially resolved computational model analyzing the longitudinal BRET imaging data of antibody-target binding and exploring the mechanisms of biphasic binding dynamics between a model antibody cetuximab and its target, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). The model suggested that cetuximab is bound differently to EGFR in the stroma-rich area than in stroma-poor regions, which was confirmed by immunofluorescence staining. Compared to the binding in vitro, cetuximab bound to EGFR to a "slower-but-tighter" degree in the living tumors. These findings have provided spatially resolved characterizations of antibody-target binding in living tumors and have yielded many mechanistic insights into the factors that affect antibody interactions with its targets and treatment efficacy.

16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1605-1610, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067961

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and possible mechanism of up-regulation of p-Akt by doxycycline (DOX) on myeloma cell line H929. METHODS: Multiple myeloma cell line H929 was treated with DOX at different concentrations for different times, and cell proliferation rate was measured by CCK-8 assay. The protein expression level of p-Akt, PTEN, p-PDK1, p-mTOR, p-GSK-3ß, and p-BAD was analyzed by Western blot. The mRNA levels of mTOR, BCL-2, and NF-κB was analyzed by RT-PCR. PI3K inhibitor Wortmannin was used to antagonize the up-regulation of p-Akt, and the cell proliferation and p-Akt protein expression level were analyzed by CCK-8 assay and Western blot respectively. RESULTS: DOX could inhibit the proliferation of H929 cells and up-regulate the expression of p-Akt at the same time. The protein levels of both p-PDK1 and PTEN in H929 cells did not alter significantly during DOX treatment. The expressions of p-BAD and p-GSK-3ß were up-regulated in H929 cells after treated with DOX, but the expression of p-mTOR was not altered. The mRNA levels of mTOR, BCL-2, and NF-κB in H929 were all down-regulated in H929 cells during DOX treatment. The effect up-regulating p-Akt level by DOX was suppressed when DOX combined with PI3K inhibitor Wortmannin and Wortmannin could enhance the inhibitory effect of DOX in H929 cells. CONCLUSION: DOX can activate PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in H929 cells, and antagonizing this effect of DOX may enhance its cytotoxicity to myeloma cells.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxiciclina/farmacologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006785

RESUMO

The mortality caused by cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endocervical adenocarcinoma (CESC) ranks second among female malignant tumour deaths, but their diagnostic and therapeutic targets are still limited. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most common and extensive modification in mRNA molecules, and its methylation regulators participate in regulating the occurrence and development of many tumours. However, whether m6A RNA methylation regulators can be used as independent prognostic indicators of CESC remains unknown. This study unveiled differential expression of 20 m6A RNA methylation regulators between normal and CESC tumour samples, which RNA sequence data and clinical information were obtained from TCGA database. As a result, five m6A RNA methylation regulators (FTO, HNRNPA2B1, RBM15, IGF2BP1, IGF2BP3) were identified to be significantly linked to CESC tumour status. After Lasso cox regression analysis, six m6A RNA methylation regulators (YTHDC2, YTHDC1, ALKBH5, ZC3H13, RBMX, YTHDF1) were chosen to construct a risk signature. CESC patients were then classified as high-risk and low-risk group based on the median risk score. The overall survival (OS) of the CESC patients in high-risk group was significantly lower than that in low-risk group, and the area under curve (AUC) is 0.718. Moreover, the risk model can be an independent prognosis factors for CESC patients and can predict OS of CESC patients with different clinical factors. In conclusion, m6A RNA methylation regulators are closely correlated with CESC clinical characteristics and the selected six m6A RNA methylation regulators may be useful for CESC patients personalized treatment.

18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113507, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098970

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Malignant ascites (MA) effusion is mainly caused by hepatocellular, ovarian, and breast cancer etc. It has been reported that Euphorbia kansui (EK), the root of Euphorbia kansui S.L.Liou ex S.B.Ho, possessing a therapeutic effect on MA. However, the clinical applications of EK are seriously restricted for its severe toxicity. Although studies demonstrated that vinegar-processing can reduce the toxicity and retain the water expelling effect of EK, its specific mechanism remains unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to explore the underlying mechanisms of toxicity reduction without compromising the pharmacological effects of EK stir-fried with vinegar (VEK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)-20-O-acetylingenol (3-O-EZ), a major diterpenoid of EK, could convert into ingenol after processing EK with vinegar. The H22 mouse hepatoma ascites model was replicated, and were given 3-O-EZ and ingenol seven days (110.14, 50.07 and 27.54 mg/kg). The histopathological observation, serum liver enzymes, serum Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) levels, ascites volumes, pro-inflammatory cytokines levels and H22 cells apoptosis in ascites were examined. Then the intestine (Aquaporin 8, AQP8) and kidney (Aquaporin 2, AQP2; Vasopressin type 2 receptor, V2R) protein expression were detected, as well as the metabolomics of serum were analyzed. Finally, the content of 3-O-EZ and ingenol in EK and VEK were investigated. RESULTS: 3-O-EZ and ingenol can relieve hepatic and gastrointestinal injuries, reduce ascites volumes, enhance the H22 cells apoptosis, ameliorate abnormal pro-inflammatory cytokines and RAAS levels, and down-regulate the expression of AQP8, AQP2, V2R. The involved metabolic pathways mainly included glycerophospholipid metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism. And the decreasing rate of 3-O-EZ in VEK was 19.14%, the increasing rate of ingenol in VEK was 92.31%. CONCLUSION: 3-O-EZ and ingenol possess significant effect in treating MA effusion, while ingenol has lower toxicity compared with 3-O-EZ. And provide evidence for the mechanism of attenuation in toxicity without compromising the pharmacological effects of VEK.

19.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 191: 113638, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980794

RESUMO

Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma (called "Qiancao", QC), the root and rhizome of Rubia cordifolia L., has been widely used in clinical practice for its excellent performance in removing blood stasis and haemostasis. However, after carbonization processing, significant changes occurred in chemical components of the charcoal of Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma (called "Qiancaotan", QCT), which enhanced the performance in haemostasis and weakened the performance in removing blood stasis in clinic. In order to study the material basis of function variation during processing, a rapid, reliable, accurate and validated UPLC-MS/MS approach was established to determine twelve quinones in QC and QCT simultaneously. Meanwhile, the antithrombotic effect of target components on zebrafish thrombus model induced by phenylhydrazine (PHZ) was investigated. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on an ACQUITY UPLC C18column with acetonitrile-water containing 0.2 % (v/v) formic acid as mobile phase, at a flow rate of 0.30 mL/min. Quantitation was performed using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) in positive and negative ion electrospray ionization (ESI). Furthermore, the activity evaluation studies showed that the reduction of removing blood stasis effect of QCT was due to the decrease of dehydro-α-lapachone, lapachol, rubioncolin C and mollugin. This study demonstrated that the method has been successfully applied to determine the content of twelve quinones responsible for the function variation of QCT, and provided a new insight into the material basis and the effect of eliminating stasis before and after processing of QC.

20.
PLoS Genet ; 16(9): e1008980, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986708

RESUMO

The complex stripes and patterns of insects play key roles in behavior and ecology. However, the fine-scale regulation mechanisms underlying pigment formation and morphological divergence remain largely unelucidated. Here we demonstrated that imaginal disc growth factor (IDGF) maintains cuticle structure and controls melanization in spot pattern formation of Bombyx mori. Moreover, our knockout experiments showed that IDGF is suggested to impact the expression levels of the ecdysone inducible transcription factor E75A and pleiotropic factors apt-like and Toll8/spz3, to further control the melanin metabolism. Furthermore, the untargeted metabolomics analyses revealed that BmIDGF significantly affected critical metabolites involved in phenylalanine, beta-alanine, purine, and tyrosine metabolism pathways. Our findings highlighted not only the universal function of IDGF to the maintenance of normal cuticle structure but also an underexplored space in the gene function affecting melanin formation. Therefore, this study furthers our understanding of insect pigment metabolism and melanin pattern polymorphisms.

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