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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 298, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factors play important roles in the growth, development and stress responses of plants, including (presumably) physic nut (Jatropha curcas), which has high drought and salinity tolerance. However, although physic nut's genome has been released, there is little knowledge of the functions, expression profiles and evolutionary histories of the species' HD-ZIP genes. RESULTS: In this study, 32 HD-ZIP genes were identified in the physic nut genome (JcHDZs) and divided into four groups (I-IV) based on phylogenetic analysis with homologs from rice, maize and Arabidopsis. The analysis also showed that most of the JcHDZ genes were closer to members from Arabidopsis than to members from rice and maize. Of the 32 JcHDZ genes, most showed differential expression patterns among four tissues (root, stem cortex, leaf, and seed). Expression profile analysis based on RNA-seq data indicated that 15 of the JcHDZ genes respond to at least one abiotic stressor (drought and/or salinity) in leaves at least at one time point. Transient expression of a JcHDZ16-YFP fusion protein in Arabidopsis protoplasts cells showed that JcHDZ16 is localized in the nucleus. In addition, rice seedlings transgenically expressing JcHDZ16 had lower proline contents and activities of antioxidant enzymes (catalase and superoxide dismutase) together with higher relative electrolyte leakage and malondialdehyde contents under salt stress conditions (indicating higher sensitivity) than wild-type plants. The transgenic seedlings also showed increased sensitivity to exogenous ABA, and increases in the transcriptional abundance of several salt stress-responsive genes were impaired in their responses to salt stress. Further data on JcHDZ16-overexpressing plants subjected to salt stress treatment verified the putative role of JcHDZ genes in salt stress responses. CONCLUSION: Our results may provide foundations for further investigation of functions of JcHDZ genes in responses to abiotic stress, and promote application of JcHDZ genes in physic nut breeding.


Assuntos
Jatropha/genética , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Jatropha/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
2.
Front Plant Sci ; 9: 1186, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177937

RESUMO

Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) is highly tolerant of barren environments and a significant biofuel plant. To probe mechanisms of its tolerance mechanisms, we have analyzed genome-wide transcriptional profiles of 8-week-old physic nut seedlings subjected to Pi deficiency (P-) for 2 and 16 days, and Pi-sufficient conditions (P+) controls. We identified several phosphate transporters, purple acid phosphatases, and enzymes of membrane lipid metabolism among the 272 most differentially expressed genes. Genes of the miR399/PHO2 pathway (IPS, miR399, and members of the SPX family) showed alterations in expression. We also found that expression of several transcription factor genes was modulated by phosphate starvation stress in physic nut seedlings, including an AP2/ERF gene (JcERF035), which was down-regulated in both root and leaf tissues under Pi-deprivation. In JcERF035-overexpressing Arabidopsis lines both numbers and lengths of first-order lateral roots were dramatically reduced, but numbers of root hairs on the primary root tip were significantly elevated, under both P+ and P- conditions. Furthermore, the transgenic plants accumulated less anthocyanin but had similar Pi contents to wild-type plants under P-deficiency conditions. Expression levels of the tested genes related to anthocyanin biosynthesis and regulation, and genes induced by low phosphate, were significantly lower in shoots of transgenic lines than in wild-type plants under P-deficiency. Our data show that down-regulation of the JcERF035 gene might contribute to the regulation of root system architecture and both biosynthesis and accumulation of anthocyanins in aerial tissues of plants under low Pi conditions.

3.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0201024, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30067784

RESUMO

Auxin response factors (ARF) are important transcription factors which mediate the transcription of auxin responsive genes by binding directly to auxin response elements (AuxREs) found in the promoter regions of these genes. To date, no information has been available about the genome-wide organization of the ARF transcription factor family in physic nut. In this study, 17 ARF genes (JcARFs) are identified in the physic nut genome. A detailed investigation into the physic nut ARF gene family is performed, including analysis of the exon-intron structure, conserved domains, conserved motifs, phylogeny, chromosomal locations, potential small RNA targets and expression profiles under various conditions. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that the 17 JcARF proteins are clustered into 6 groups, and most JcARF proteins from the physic nut reveal closer relationships with those from Arabidopsis than those from rice. Of the 17 JcARF genes, eight are predicted to be the potential targets of small RNAs; most of the genes show differential patterns of expression among four tissues (root, stem cortex, leaf, and seed); and qRT-PCR indicates that the expression of all JcARF genes is inhibited or induced in response to exogenous auxin. Expression profile analysis based on RNA-seq data shows that in leaves, 11 of the JcARF genes respond to at least one abiotic stressor (drought and/or salinity) at, as a minimum, at least one time point. Our results provide valuable information for further studies on the roles of JcARF genes in regulating physic nut's growth, development and responses to abiotic stress.

4.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 306, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28321231

RESUMO

Transcription factors of the AP2/ERF family play important roles in plant growth, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, a physic nut AP2/ERF gene, JcDREB2, was functionally characterized. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that JcDREB2 was expressed mainly in the leaf and could be induced by abscisic acid but suppressed by gibberellin (GA) and salt. Transient expression of a JcDREB2-YFP fusion protein in Arabidopsis protoplasts cells suggested that JcDREB2 is localized in the nucleus. Rice plants overexpressing JcDREB2 exhibited dwarf and GA-deficient phenotypes with shorter shoots and roots than those of wild-type plants. The dwarfism phenotype could be rescued by the application of exogenous GA3. The expression levels of GA biosynthetic genes including OsGA20ox1, OsGA20ox2, OsGA20ox4, OsGA3ox2, OsCPS1, OsKO2, and OsKAO were significantly reduced in plants overexpressing JcDREB2. Overexpression of JcDREB2 in rice increased sensitivity to salt stress. Increases in the expression levels of several salt-tolerance-related genes in response to salt stress were impaired in JcDREB2-overexpressing plants. These results demonstrated not only that JcDREB2 influences GA metabolism, but also that it can participate in the regulation of the salt stress response in rice.

5.
Front Plant Sci ; 7: 1315, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27630651

RESUMO

Two isoforms of starch phosphorylase (PHO; EC 2.4.1.1), plastidic PHO1 and cytosolic PHO2, have been found in all plants studied to date. Another starch phosphorylase-like gene, PHO3, which is an ortholog of Chlamydomonas PHOB, has been detected in some plant lineages. In this study, we identified three PHO isoform (LjPHO) genes in the Lotus japonicus genome. Expression of the LjPHO3 gene was observed in all tissues tested in L. japonicus, and the LjPHO3 protein was located in the chloroplast. Overexpression of LjPHO3 in L. japonicus resulted in a drastic decline in starch granule sizes and starch content in leaves. The LjPHO3 overexpression transgenic seedlings were smaller, and showed decreased pollen fertility and seed set rate. Our results suggest that LjPHO3 may participate in transitory starch metabolism in L. japonicus leaves, but its catalytic properties remain to be studied.

6.
PLoS One ; 11(3): e0150879, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26943337

RESUMO

The AP2/ERF transcription factors play crucial roles in plant growth, development and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. A total of 119 AP2/ERF genes (JcAP2/ERFs) have been identified in the physic nut genome; they include 16 AP2, 4 RAV, 1 Soloist, and 98 ERF genes. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that physic nut AP2 genes could be divided into 3 subgroups, while ERF genes could be classed into 11 groups or 43 subgroups. The AP2/ERF genes are non-randomly distributed across the 11 linkage groups of the physic nut genome and retain many duplicates which arose from ancient duplication events. The expression patterns of several JcAP2/ERF duplicates in the physic nut showed differences among four tissues (root, stem, leaf, and seed), and 38 JcAP2/ERF genes responded to at least one abiotic stressor (drought, salinity, phosphate starvation, and nitrogen starvation) in leaves and/or roots according to analysis of digital gene expression tag data. The expression of JcERF011 was downregulated by salinity stress in physic nut roots. Overexpression of the JcERF011 gene in rice plants increased its sensitivity to salinity stress. The increased expression levels of several salt tolerance-related genes were impaired in the JcERF011-overexpressing plants under salinity stress.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta , Jatropha/genética , Família Multigênica , Oryza/genética , Oryza/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Salinidade , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Éxons/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Ligação Genética , Íntrons/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Alinhamento de Sequência
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