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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(12): 2858-2864, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627460

RESUMO

Pre-formulation physicochemical properties of the component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang were investigated to provide a research basis for the design of the dosage form for component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang. The macroporous resin adsorption and refining technology was used to prepare the total glycosides extract of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Panacis Majoris Rhizome and Corni Fructus respectively in the prescription of Qinqi Fengshi Fang. Their physicochemical properties were investigated, including solubility, wettability, hygroscopicity, equilibrium solubility, oil-water partition coefficient, and stability. The results showed that the total glycosides of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Panacis Majoris Rhizome and Corni Fructus all had good solubility and wettability. The solubility index of each total glycoside component was greater than 85%, and the water absorption index was greater than 50%. In the range of pH 2.0-7.4, the equilibrium solubility of three kinds of total glycosides all increased with the increase of pH, showing a consistent change trend of solubility. The hydrophilicity was also suitable and similar. Overall, three kinds of total glycosides showed good stability, but strong hygroscopicity. The degree of hygroscopicity was as follows: total glycosides of Gen-tianae Macrophyllae Radix > total glycosides of Corni Fructus > total glycosides of Panacis Majoris Rhizome. Therefore, the hygroscopi-city needed to be considered in the preparation of the component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang. The excipients and packaging materials can be properly selected to reduce the hygroscopicity of the preparation. This study provides a reference for the dosage form design of the component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482542

RESUMO

During the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak in Wuhan, China, we experienced a case of SARS-CoV-2 infection with atypical presentations in a patient with acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis (AOSC), who was initially admitted with jaundice and fever. The patient had no other typical symptoms of COVID-19 such as cough, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea except for fever, but her epidemiological history was clear. COVID-19 was finally confirmed by repeated viral nucleic acid testing, but her repetitive lungs CT imaging findings had been atypical. After endoscopic-related operations and antiviral treatment, the patient was subsequently recovered and discharged. This particular case is being reported to provide a reference and guidance for the diagnosis and management of COVID-19 in AOSC.

5.
J Org Chem ; 85(13): 8533-8543, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483961

RESUMO

We have developed a protocol to facilitate the nickel-catalyzed decarbonyloxidation of 3-aryl benzofuran-2(3H)-ones to 2-hydroxybenzophenones under mild conditions, which is an efficient approach for the decarbonyloxidation of lactones in organic synthesis. A diverse range of substrates can undergo C(O)-O/C(O)-C bond cleavage to generate the target products in good yields. These 2-hydroxybenzophenones can be converted into a variety of compounds via reactions such as esterification, cyclization, and reduction.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 129: 110052, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559618

RESUMO

Radix Paeoniae Rubra (RPR) is a traditional Chinese medicine with anti-inflammatory effects that has been used in chronic pelvic inflammation disease (CPID) therapy. However, research on the mechanism of RPR in CPID therapy is lacking. Here, we used a network pharmacology method to screen targets and found that the PTGS2 target in the arachidonic acid (AA) pathway was significantly related to CPID. Then, regarding the molecular mechanism, it was further confirmed that RPR may reduce the development of CPID by regulating the PTGS2 target. The CPID rat model was established by mixed bacterial infection. We verified the expression of PTGS2 by immunohistochemical analysis, western blotting assays to detect the expression of PTGS2 protein, and polymerase chain reaction detection of PTGS2 mRNA expression. It was observed that the PTGS2 target decreased significantly after RPR administration at different doses. It is suggested that RPR can reverse the abnormal expression of PTGS2 in CPID rats. We believe that RPR is effective in the treatment of CPID, and RPR can reduce the inflammatory symptoms of CPID by regulating the level of PTGS2 in the AA pathway.

7.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(2): 151-156, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548606

RESUMO

Three patients diagnosed with peri-implant disease after osseointegration exhibited soft tissue oedema and fistulae. Treatment options for controlling the fistulae were investigated. Free subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTGs) and microinvasive surgery were used to improve the soft tissue biotype of the patients with fistulae. After SCTG surgery, the fistulae disappeared. The clinical outcomes were stable and aesthetic outcomes were satisfactory after 3-5 years of follow-up. Based on this study, utilising SCTG to improve the tissue biotype may be an effective clinical approach for controlling fistulae occurring during peri-implant disease.


Assuntos
Tecido Conjuntivo , Peri-Implantite , Gengiva , Humanos
8.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(6): 328, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405871

RESUMO

Based on a detailed study of the hydrolysis process of tetrabutyl orthotitanate (TBOT), TiO2 nanoclusters were modified inside the pores of SiO2 core-shell particles instead of the outside. The pore size distribution of SiO2 core-shell spheres modified with TiO2 (SiO2@dSiO2@TiO2) was analyzed by Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) method and density functional theory (DFT) method, respectively. The results of the DFT calculations demonstrate that the TiO2 nanoclusters are always first formed in bulk solution and then enter the pores. By regulating the rate of hydrolysis of TBOT, almost all of the TiO2 nanoclusters are modified into the pores and the structure of the original SiO2 core-shell sphere is hardly affected. The morphology of the particles was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The crystal phase of TiO2 was measured by XRD. SiO2@dSiO2@TiO2 spheres functionalized with C18 were packed into a stainless steel column. The chemical stability of SiO2@dSiO2@TiO2 spheres under alkaline was tested by flushing of a mobile phase at pH 13 for 7 days. The efficiency of the column after the alkali solution treatment still reaches 98,430 plates m-1, which is only about 1.6% lower than that before the alkali solution treatment. A series of basic and acidic analytes were also separated on the column. Graphical abstract TiO2 nanocrystals were coated into the pore of core-shell silica spheres. The prepared particles were packed into the column and separation performance up to 98,430 plates per meter was achieved.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(11): 1285-1291, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human epididymis secretory protein 4 (HE4) is a new ovarian cancer biomarker. The factors influencing HE4 levels are not clear, and the reference data in China are limited. Here, we aim to evaluate the effects of menopause and age on HE4 levels and to provide a possible reference value for HE4 in healthy Chinese people. METHODS: A total of 2493 healthy females aged 40 years or older were recruited from March 2013 to March 2017 with the cooperation of four medical institutions across Beijing, China. The serum levels of HE4 and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test of variance and a stratified analysis were used to analyze the relationships among age, menopausal status, and levels of HE4 or CA125. Confidence intervals (5%-95%) were determined for reference ranges in different populations. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in median HE4 levels between the post-menopausal (n = 2168) and pre-menopausal groups (n = 325) (36.46 vs. 24.04 pmol/L, Z = -14.41, P < 0.001). HE4 increased significantly with age in the post-menopausal groups (H = 408.18, P < 0.001) but not in the pre-menopausal subjects (Z = -0.43, P = 0.67). The upper 95th percentile of HE4 levels were 44.63 pmol/L for pre-menopausal women, 78.17 pmol/L for post-menopausal women, and 73.3 pmol/L for all women. In the post-menopausal population, the HE4 reference ranges were 13.15 to 47.31, 14.31 to 58.04, 17.06 to 73.51, 24.50 to 115.25, and 35.71 to 212.37 pmol/L for different age groups from forty divided by decade. The CA125 level was affected mainly by menopausal status and not age. CONCLUSIONS: Menopausal status and age were both important factors influencing the level of HE4, and age affected HE4 levels mainly in post-menopausal women. The HE4 level was higher in the post-menopausal population than in the pre-menopausal population and increased with age.

10.
J Dig Dis ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378783

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of gastroenterologists major in western medicine in diagnosing traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome types of functional dyspepsia (FD), postprandial distress (PDS) and epigastric pain syndromes (EPS) based on the main symptoms, with that of traditional TCM practitioners in outpatient services. METHODS: Patients with PDS or EPS were enrolled in the study from six tertiary referral centers between January 2016 and December 2017. Their symptoms were first diagnosed by medical doctors, and then by the TCM practitioners. The diagnostic agreement between the gastroenterologists and the TCM practitioners was calculated. The patients' data and their types of FD syndrome were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: In total 160 patients, including 81 with PDS and 79 with EPS were enrolled. The total diagnostic consistency rate between the gastroenterologists and TCM practitioners was 86.3%, while that of PDS and EPS was 85.2% and 87.3%, respectively. The most common type of PDS diagnosed by TCM practitioners was liver-stomach disharmony syndrome (33.3%), spleen deficiency and qi-stagnation syndrome (33.3%), while that for EPS was liver-stomach disharmony syndrome (36.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Gastroenterologists had a high diagnostic agreement about the types of FD syndromes based on differential diagnosis of the main symptoms, compared with TCM practitioners. This may aid gastroenterologists in selecting Chinese medicine for FD-based on syndrome differentiation.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 260: 113014, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473369

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Peach kernel (taoren: TR) is the dried mature seed of peach, Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, which belongs to the Rosaceae family. Rhubarb (dahuang: DH) is the dried root and rhizome of rhubarb (Rheum palmatum L., Rheum officinale Baill., or Rheum tanguticum Maxim. ex Balf.). TR-DH (TD) is a traditional Chinese medicine herb pair that promotes blood circulation and removes blood stasis. In recent years, TD has shown definite benefits in the cardio-cerebrovascular system, but its specific mechanism is not very clear. AIM OF STUDY: The purpose of this study was to explore the mechanism by which TD affects cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and to optimize the mixture ratio. METHODS: The affected metabolic pathways in rat brain tissues after I/R were analysed by network pharmacology and verified with animal pharmacological experiments. RESULTS: TD had a certain therapeutic effect on cerebral I/R injury. TD with a TR:DH ratio of 1:1 had the best therapeutic effect. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that the protective mechanism of TD against I/R injury involves mainly regulation of brain tissue ADORA2A protein levels and action on the arachidonic acid (AA) pathway. CONCLUSION: TD can ameliorate cerebral I/R injury by regulating ADORA2A degradation in the AA metabolic pathway to attenuate AA metabolic dysfunction and the inflammatory response.

12.
Waste Manag ; 106: 250-260, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240941

RESUMO

Here in this work, porous carbon is prepared from waste of a traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza flowers. Structures of the porous carbons are regulated by simply regulating of activation temperatures and dosages of activator. The optimized porous carbon owns a high specific surface area of 1715.3 m2 g-1 and total pore volume of 0.6392 cm3 g-1, together with a unique hierarchical architecture and ultrahigh content of 45.97 at% self-doped O and 0.49 at% of N. When used as electrode materials for supercapacitors, the prepared porous carbon exhibited excellent specific capacitance and energy density as well as fantastic cycle stability. Under a current density of 0.5 A/g, the electrode based on this material showed high specific capacitance of 530 F/g, with fantastic rate performance of 258 F/g at 20 A/g and excellent cycle stability of 91% capacitance retention for 10,000 cycles at 10 A/g in a three-electrode system in 6 M KOH. In assembled supercapacitors, the SF-PC700-3 based electrode worked under potential of 1 V and exhibited 222 F/g of specific capacitance at a current density of 0.5 A/g, and even when the current density was increased up to 30 A/g, the specific capacitance can still as high as 168 F/g, verified the excellent performance of SF-PC700-3. Symmetric supercapacitors in Na2SO4 and TEABF4/AN electrolyte showed voltage ranges of 1.8 V and 3 V respectively, and high energy density of 22.2 Wh Kg-1 at 448. W Kg-1 and 40.6 Wh Kg-1 at 755.8 W Kg-1 are obtained.


Assuntos
Carbono , Eletrólitos , Capacitância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Porosidade
13.
Environ Toxicol ; 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293791

RESUMO

Excessive fluoride exposure contributes to neurotoxic effects. Emodin exhibits antioxidative functions in the central nervous system (CNS); however, its neuroprotective mechanism against fluoride remains to be elucidated. Our aim was to explore the neuroprotective efficacy and the possible mechanisms of emodin. In our study, synaptic proteins and oxidative stress damage were examined after human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were treated with high doses of NaF for 24 hours. Moreover, pretreatment with emodin was used to shed light on the neuroprotective effects in NaF-induced toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. We found that NaF significantly lowered the protein expressions of SNAP 25, synaptophysin and PSD 95 in SH-SY5Y cells. In addition, NaF exposure increased the protein expression of p-ERK1/2 and decreased the protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1, as well as facilitated increasing ROS, 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), and 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). Pretreatment with emodin significantly recovered these alterations caused by NaF. These data implied that the neuroprotective effects of emodin and pointed to the promising utilization for protecting against neurotoxicity induced by fluoride.

14.
J Nat Prod ; 83(5): 1453-1460, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319765

RESUMO

An enantiomeric pair of rare cyperane-type sesquiterpenoids, (+)- and (-)-gracilistones C (1a, 1b), together with a novel norsesquiterpenoid, gracilistone D (2), bearing a bicyclic lactone system were isolated from the root bark of Acanthopanax gracilistylus using LC-MS-IT-TOF analyses. The structures and absolute configurations of 1a, 1b, and 2 were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and ECD spectroscopic methods. Intermediate 1b suggests a possible biosynthesis process involving compound 2. The bioassay results showed that compounds 1a, 1b, and 2 exhibited significant inhibitory effects against lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 cells, with IC50 values of 7.7 ± 0.6, 6.8 ± 1.5, and 2.6 ± 0.4 µM, respectively. Additional docking analyses provided some perspective of this activity in human inducible nitric oxide synthase.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 106-112, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237418

RESUMO

To explore the permeation mechanism of micro-molecule medicinal ingredients of water extract of tradition Chinese medicine(TCM) in membrane separation process. With phenolic acid components as the model solute, five phenolic acids with similar molecular weight and structure, namely gallic acid, protocatechuate acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid and salicylic acid, were selected in the PES membrane separation experiments. With the relative flux and the transmission rate as indexes, the scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) were used to analyze the permeation mechanism of different phenolic acid components. The results showed phenolic acids with similar molecular weight had different permeation behaviors, with decreased relative flux and increased solute permeation with the increase of solute concentration. According to the permeation behavior analyzed by the molecular structure of solute, the transmission rate of phenolic acids increased with the increase of the number of hydroxyl, and the order of substituent positions of phenolic acids based on the permeation rate as follows: para-substituted > meta-substitution > ortho-substitution. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy reflected the role of charge repulsion in the membrane process; that is to say, the greater the resistance is, the less the solute permeation is. Therefore, the permeation phenomenon of the phenolic acid components in the PES membrane is not only the result of simple sieving mechanisms, but also has the effects of steric hindrance and charge repulsion during the membrane process.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/isolamento & purificação , Membranas Artificiais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Estrutura Molecular , Peso Molecular
16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 101: 302-311, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335315

RESUMO

Grouper is known as a highly economical teleost species in the Asian aquaculture industry; however, intensive culture activities easily cause disease outbreak, especially viral disease. For the prevention of viral outbreaks, interferon (IFN) is among the major defence systems being studied in different species. Fish type I IFNs are known to possess antiviral properties similar to mammalian type I IFNs. In order to stimulate antiviral function, IFN will bind to its cognate receptor, the type I interferon receptor (IFNAR), composed of heterodimeric receptor subunits known as IFNAR1 and IFNΑR2. The binding of type I interferon to receptors assists in the transduction of signals from the external to internal environments of cells to activate biological responses. In order to study the function of IFN, we first need to understand IFN receptors. In this study, we cloned and identified IFNAR1 in orange-spotted grouper (osgIFNAR1) and noted the up-regulated mRNA expression of the receptor and downstream effectors in the head kidney cells with cytokine treatment. The transcriptional expression of osgIFNAR1, which is characterised using polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly[I:C]) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatments, indicated the involvement of osgIFNAR1 in the immune response of grouper. The subcellular localisation of osgIFNAR1 demonstrated scattering across the grouper cell. Viral infection showed the negative feedback regulation of osgIFNAR1 in grouper larvae. Further loss of function of IFNAR1 showed a decreased expression of the virus. This study reported the identification of osgIFNAR1 and characterisation of receptor sensitivity towards immunostimulants, cytokine response, and viral challenge in the interferon pathway of orange-spotted grouper and possible different role of the receptor in viral production. Together, these results provide a frontline report of the potential function of osgIFNAR1 in the innate immunity of teleost.

17.
Curr Med Chem ; 2020 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141415

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory vascular disease. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are the main reason of death in both developed and developing countries. Many pathophysiological factors, such as abnormal cholesterol metabolism, vascular inflammatory response and endothelial dysfunction, vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and apoptosis, contribute to the development of atherosclerosis; whereas the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of atherosclerosis remains to be fully understood. Ubiquitination is a multi-step post-translational protein modification process, participating in many important cellular processes. Emerging evidence suggests that ubiquitination plays important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis through many aspects including a regulation of vascular inflammation, endothelial cell and vascular smooth muscle cell function, lipid metabolism and atherosclerotic plaque stability. This review summarizes important contributions of various E3 ligases to the development of atherosclerosis. Targeting ubiquitin E3 ligases may provide us a newly strategy to prevent the progression of atherosclerosis.

18.
J Food Sci ; 85(4): 1285-1291, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157685

RESUMO

Green tea is widely consumed as a beverage and/or dietary supplement worldwide, resulting in the difficulty to avoid the comedication with ticagrelor for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients receiving antiplatelet therapy. This study was designed to investigate the effect of the most abundant content in green tea, tea polyphenols on the oral and intravenous pharmacokinetics of ticagrelor in rats and its in vitro metabolism. Rats were orally treated with either saline or tea polyphenol extracts (TPEs) dissolved in saline once daily for 6 consecutive days. On day 6, after the last dose of saline or TPE, ticagrelor was given to the rats orally or intravenously. Plasma samples were collected for pharmacokinetic analysis. Human liver and intestinal microsomes were then used to investigate the inhibition by TPE, as well as its major constituents on the metabolism of ticagrelor to its two metabolites, AR-C124910XX and AR-C133913XX. Apparent kinetic constants and inhibition potency (IC50 ) for each metabolic pathway of each compound were estimated. Oral study indicated that exposure of ticagrelor and AR-C124910XX was significantly decreased after TPE administration, while no significant differences were observed in pharmacokinetic parameters after intravenous administration of ticagrelor. TPE effectively inhibited the metabolism of ticagrelor in vitro, with epigallocatechin-3-gallate as the major constituent responsible for the observed inhibitory effects in human liver microsomes and intestinal microsomes (IC50 = 4.23 ± 0.18 µM). Caution should be taken for ACS patients receiving ticagrelor therapy with daily drinking of green tea. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Potential interactions between tea polyphenols and ticagrelor were revealed for the first time. Results can provide suggestions for clinicians to optimize the dosing of ticagrelor while they are in the face of ACS patients receiving ticagrelor therapy, who also take green tea or its related products in their daily life.

19.
J Org Chem ; 85(8): 5300-5311, 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192341

RESUMO

A simple protocol for the synthesis of triarylmethane derivatives with three different (hetero)aryl groups by decarbonylation of 3,3-diaryl benzofuranones, which can easily be prepared via arylation of benzofuranones, was developed. The reaction proceeds on heating in dimethylformamide (DMF) in the presence of CH3ONa and water to generate the products in good to excellent yields. This reaction can be easily scaled up to give a triarylmethane in a gram scale. Further chemical manipulation of the products enabled useful transformations of the phenol ring, including reduction, arylation, cyclization, etc.

20.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154735

RESUMO

A novel compound, triculata A (1), and seven known compounds were obtained from the Tricyrtis maculata (D. Don) J. F. Macbr.. The structure of the new compound was determined by extensive spectroscopic methods, and its absolute configuration was assigned by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 features a rare naphtho[b,c]pyran carbon skeleton that was found in nature for the first time. Compounds 2-4, 6 and 7 showed potential vasodilatory effects with EC50 values ranging from 7.3 to 111.3 µM. Compounds 1, 3-5 and 7 possessed remarkable antioxidant capacity evaluated by DPPH and ABTS assays.

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