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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 381: 121006, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442686

RESUMO

Here, a novel CuBi2O4/Bi2MoO6 (CBO/BMO) p-n heterojunction was fabricated and exhibited markedly improved photocatalytic inactivation capacity of E. coli cells under visible light excitation (λ > 420 nm) compared with pure CuBi2O4 and Bi2MoO6. The CBO/BMO-0.5 hybrid displayed the highest photoinactivation ability which could completely inactivate the E. coli cellswithin 4 h. The mechanism of photocatalytic disinfection towards E. coli of CBO/BMO heterojunctions was attributed to the disruption of cell-membrane, leakage and damage of cellular content including total protein and DNA as verified with SEM, fluorescence-base dead/live stain, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electropheresis (SDS-PAGE) and agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE). Additionally, the scavenge experiments showed that the reactive species h+, e- and •O2-play the predominant role in the photocatalytic system of CBO/BMO hybrids. The improved photocatalytic activity of CBO/BMO composites was mainly attributed to the promotion of spatial separation and migration rate of photoproduced electron-hole pairs, enhancement of visible light absorption and more generation of reactive species (•O2-) on the interface of catalyst and water which was demonstrated by nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) and EPR. Our work indicated that construction of CuBi2O4/Bi2MoO6 p-n heterostructure photocatalyst is a promising environmental friendly alternative method to deal with the biohazards of pathogenic microorganisms.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814841

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to prepare a dioscin nanosuspension (Dio-NS) that has a better distance and high solubility for oral administration and to evaluate its hepatoprotective effects. Optimal primary manufacture parameters, including shear time, shear speed, emulation temperature, pressure, and cycles of homogenization, were determined by single-factor experiments. The concentrations of dioscin, SDS, and soybean lecithin were optimized using the central composite design-response surface method, and their effects on the mean particle size (MPS) and particle size distribution of Dio-NS were investigated. Characterization of the Dio-NS formulations included examinations of the surface morphology and physical status of dioscin in Dio-NS, the stability of Dio-NS at different temperatures, in vitro solubility, and liver protective effect in vivo. Under optimal conditions, Dio-NS had an MPS of 106.72 nm, polydispersity index of 0.221, and zeta potential of -34.27 mV. Furthermore, the proportion of dioscin in Dio-NS was approximately 21.26%. The observation of particles with a spherical shape and the disappearance of crystalline peaks indicated that the physical and chemical properties of Dio-NS were altered. Furthermore, we observed that the dissolution of Dio-NS was superior to that of a physical mixture and Dio-GZF. Moreover, Dio-NS was demonstrated to have a protective effect against CCl4-induced acute liver damage in mice that was equivalent to that of silymarin (a positive control drug) at the same dose. The good hepatoprotective effect of our Dio-NS preparation can provide a theoretical basis for investigating its absorption mechanisms in the body.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4116-4120, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872686

RESUMO

With digital satellite remote sensing image data of GF-1,in 2018 the object-oriented classification method was used to extract Zizyphus jujuba planting area in Jia county of Shaanxi province. The results showed that the remote sensing classification method based on rule set could extract and reckon Z. jujube planting area in the study area effectively. The planting area of Z. jujube in Jia county was about 5. 34×104 hm2 and the area of consistent accuracy was 97. 92%. The method used in this study could provide a technical reference for the area extraction of the same type of medicinal materials. And it is of great significance to provide decision support for the protection and utilization of Z. jujube resources.


Assuntos
Ziziphus , Agricultura , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
4.
J Med Food ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770044

RESUMO

Polysaccharide from Ma-chi-xian (Portulacae oleracea L., POLP) was prepared and the therapeutic effect on dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis mice was investigated in this study. The results of clinical activity score and H&E staining confirmed the therapeutic effect of POLP. POLP could diminished the symptoms of colitis and improve colon histopathological structure of the colitis mice. The expression levels of four cytokines were determined. The concentrations of PGE2 and IL-6 were downregulated by POLP treatment. The COX-2 protein expression levels and the STAT3 phosphorylation levels were detected. The results showed that these two protein levels were all increased in colitis and decreased after POLP treatment, indicating that these two proteins were closely related with the protective effect of POLP. Because the synthesis of PGE2 is catalyzed by COX-2 and phosphorylation of STAT3 can induce the expression of COX-2, it was concluded that STAT3 was a key protein related to the POLP exerting its activity in colitis.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(21): 9500-9529, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708494

RESUMO

Researchers have long assumed that systematic estrogen fading might contribute to the sustained progression of menopausal degenerate syndromes, although definitive evidence has not been presented. Whether such findings represent a causal contribution or are the result of opportunistic messengers sent from the reproductive system to the brain is also a vital question. We constructed a multiscale network of the ovariectomy (OVX) induced estrogen receptors depletion (ER-depletion) model and integrated targeted proteomic, targeted lipidomic, cytochemical, and histopathological data across three tissues from the ovariectomy rodent model. We found that compared to control rats, OVX rats showed increased renal and uterine prostaglandin D2 synthase (Ptgds) expression and decreased hypothalamic Ptgds expression, abnormal Ptgds metabolites, the degenerate renal function profiles and decreased cognitive ability (learning and memory) in Morris water maze test. Importantly, we observed a regulatory relationship among ER (particularly ERß), the degree of the pathological phenotype, learning behavior test and the 'hypothalamus-uterus-kidney (HUK) axis functions. Collectively, this study elucidates that ER depletion promoted HUK aging is mostly attributed to a renal ERß/Ptgds signalling imbalance.

6.
Molecules ; 24(22)2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726738

RESUMO

Indigo naturalis (IN) is a traditional Chinese medicine, named Qing-Dai, which is extracted from indigo plants and has been used to treat patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in China and Japan. Though there are notable effects of IN on colitis, the mechanisms remain elusive. Regarding the significance of alterations of intestinal flora related to IBD and the poor water solubility of the blue IN powder, we predicted that the protective action of IN on colitis may occur through modifying gut microbiota. To investigate the relationships of IN, colitis, and gut microbiomes, a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mice colitis model was tested to explore the protective effects of IN on macroscopic colitis symptoms, the histopathological structure, inflammation cytokines, and gut microbiota, and their potential functions. Sulfasalazine (SASP) was used as the positive control. Firstly, because it was a mixture, the main chemical compositions of indigo and indirubin in IN were detected by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC). The clinical activity score (CAS), hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining results, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) results in this study showed that IN greatly improved the health conditions of the tested colitis mice, ameliorated the histopathological structure of the colon tissue, down-regulated pro-inflammatory cytokines, and up-regulated anti-inflammatory cytokines. The results of 16S rDNA sequences analysis with the Illumina MiSeq platform showed that IN could modulate the balance of gut microbiota, especially by down-regulating the relative quantity of Turicibacter and up-regulating the relative quantity of Peptococcus. The therapeutic effect of IN may be closely related to the anaerobic gram-positive bacteria of Turicibacter and Peptococcus. The inferred metagenomes from 16S data using PICRUSt demonstrated that decreased metabolic genes, such as through biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides, non-homologous end-joining, and glycosphingolipid biosynthesis of lacto and neolacto series, may maintain microbiota homeostasis during inflammation from IN treatment in DSS-induced colitis.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3002-3009, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602846

RESUMO

A UPLC method has been developed for simultaneous determination of nine furanocoumarins of Angelica dahurics,and was used for quality evaluation of A. dahurica from different habitats. ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 chromatographic column was employed,the separation was performed with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water,and the detection wavelength was set at254 nm. This method was used to simultaneously determine the content of xanthotoxol,oxypeucedaninhydrate,byak-angelicin,psoralen,xanthotoxin,bergapten,oxypeucedanin,imperatorin and isoimperatorin in A. dahurica from different habitats. Then,the further quality assessment of the drug was carried out by similarity evaluation,cluster analysis( CA),principal component analysis( PCA),and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis( OPLS-DA). The content order of measured furanocoumarins from high to low was: oxypeucedanin>imperatorin>isoimperatorin>oxypeucedaninhydrate>bergapten>byak-angelicin>xanthotoxin>xanthotoxol>psoralen,with the mean content 2. 844,1. 277,0. 649 2,0. 216 2,0. 129 8,0. 062 68,0. 052 68,0. 019 30,0. 018 19 mg·g-1,respectively. There were difference between the batches of the drug,and the quality was influenced by smouldering sulphur based on the results of chemical pattern recognition and content determination. Finally,six active ingredients were recognized as the quality makers using OPLS-DA method. The validated UPLC fingerprint combined with chemical pattern recognition method can be used in the quality control and evaluation of A. dahurica.


Assuntos
Angelica/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Ecossistema , Furocumarinas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade
8.
Molecules ; 24(19)2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574981

RESUMO

Siji-kangbingdu mixture is an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral herbal mixture which is frequently used by doctors to treat upper respiratory infections. It's important to establish an efficient and economical quality-control method to ensure the quality consistency and efficacy stability of Siji-kangbingdu mixture. In this study, an integrated multi-evaluation method was established, sequentially involving UPLC-TripleTOF-MS analysis, UPLC fingerprint analysis, and the quantitative analysis of multi-components using the single-marker (QAMS) method. With one chromatographic condition, a total of 71 compounds were identified by MS and MS/MS information, with a mass error of less than 5 ppm; 49 peaks detected in 254 nm were selected to establish the fingerprint similarity model, and 7 chemical compounds were simultaneously determined, namely, chlorogenic acid, liquiritin, rutin, isochlorogenic acid A, forsythin, forsythoside A, and glycyrrhizic acid, with forsythoside A as the reference standard. There was no significant difference in the content of the seven compounds between the QAMS method and the external standard method (ESM). The established multi-evaluation method will largely promote the quality control and standardization process of Siji-kangbingdu mixture. It also provides a reference workflow for the overall evaluation of TCM patent medicines, from chemical profiling to fingerprint and quantitative analysis.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(12): 2444-2451, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359709

RESUMO

We studied the seed germination of Astragalus membranaceus under PEG and Na Cl osmotic stress gradients( 0,-0. 1,-0. 3,-0. 5,-0. 7 MPa) respectively applied with light( continuous light,light 12 h/dark 12 h circulation and continuous dark) and temperature( constant 15 ℃,15 ℃ 12 h/30 ℃ 12 h circulation and constant 30 ℃) treatments. The results showed as following: ① Under the light and temperature interactive treatments,total germination percentage( TGP) was restrained by high temperature and continuous light also decreased TGP under high temperature. Mean germination time( MGT) was not changed by light mode. Root development was enhanced by dark and low temperature. Shoot development was enhanced by light and high temperature. Hypocotyl length was enhanced by dark and high temperature. ② Under the light and temperature interactive treatments combined respectively with PEG and NaCl stress conditions,although the inhibitions of seed germination and growth were gradually strengthened with the increases of osmotic stresses,slight osmotic stress can promote seed germination. Under the same osmotic potential,the effects of PEG on TGPs and MGTs were stronger than that of NaCl. As the temperature increase,the seeds may change from photo-neutrality to photo-phobia. Decreased TGP under drought and continuous light interactive treatment is an adaptation strategy to avoiding drought. Hypocotyl growth accelerated under continuous dark treatment is an ecological trait which could increase dry matter input in stem and height for more light. Seed development under high concentration of NaCl treatment is better than that of PEG treatment due to low water potential caused by Na~+,which can enter into seed coat and promote water absorption.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus/fisiologia , Secas , Germinação , Estresse Salino , Sementes/fisiologia , Astragalus propinquus/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Sementes/efeitos da radiação , Temperatura Ambiente
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(12): 2493-2498, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359716

RESUMO

The standard decoction of Chinese herbal decoction pieces is a standard reference substance to measure whether different dosage forms of Chinese medicine are basically consistent with those of clinical decoction,and provides new ideas and methods for effectively solving the problems of uneven quality in Chinese medicine dispensing granules. In this study,a systematic method for evaluating the quality of Scrophulariae Radix decoction was established from the perspective of " standard decoction",providing reference for the quality control of the Scrophulariae Radix dispensing granules. 15 batches of Scrophulariae Radix decoction pieces from different origins were collected,and 15 batches of standard decoctions were prepared according to the standardized process with water as solvent.Harpagide and harpagoside were used as quantitative detection indicators to determine the content,calculate the transfer rates and determine the extraction rate. The high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) was used to establish a standard decoction fingerprint analysis method. The results showed that the transfer rates of harpagide and harpagoside in 15 batches of Scrophulariae Radix pieces standard decoction were( 70. 84±13. 39) % and( 48. 56±6. 40) % respectively; the extraction rate was( 57. 47±5. 89) %. Nine peaks were identified in the HPLC fingerprint,and the similarity was higher than 0. 97 between the fingerprints of 15 batches of standard decoction and the control fingerprint. In this study,the preparation process of standard decoction of Scrophulariae Radix pieces conformed to the traditional decoction preparation method. The sources of the samples were representative,and the established fingerprint method was stable and feasible,which can provide reference for the preparation and quality control of Scrophulariae Radix dispensing granules.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Raízes de Plantas/química , Scrophularia/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2020-2025, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355555

RESUMO

To further study the mechanism of sprout tumble caused by drought,drought stress was simulating with 30% PEG 6000,physiological,and then the morphological changes of Pinellia ternata cells at different treatment time were detected. The results indicated that,along with the period of drought stress continued,the contents of chlorophyll and water potential were decreased,relative electrical conductivity,contents of soluble sugar and MDA increased. Sprout tumble of P. ternata first occurred on the fourth day during drought stress,large scale of sprout tumble appeared on the eighth day with about 73% of tumble rate. The nuclei exposed to drought stress for 2 days were flattened,lobed,invalidated or irregular in shape and significant showed the apoptotic morphological characteristics. Adenylate transferase( ANT) gene expressions were inhibited by drought,with the rapid increase of Caspase-3 enzyme activity,the cell death rate increased. All this proves that the essence of sprout tumble caused by drought is programmed cell death,which may be a self dormancy protection mechanism of P. ternata against adverse environment.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Secas , Pinellia/citologia , Estresse Fisiológico
12.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081703

RESUMO

A pair of new neo-clerodane diterpenoid epimers, 3S-methoxyl-teucvin (1) and 3R-methoxyl-teucvin (2), were isolated from the Roots of Croton crassifolius. Their structures were completely established on the basis of spectroscopic methods, and the absolute configurations were determined by analysis of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited anti-inflammatory activities with IC50 values of 0.82 and 0.54 µM, respectively, while the IC50 value of dexamethasone as a positive control was found to be 0.14 µM.

13.
Molecules ; 24(3)2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30696059

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a common clinical syndrome characterized by sudden and recurrent attacks and temporary central nervous system dysfunction caused by excessive discharge of neurons in the brain. Amber, a fossilized organic substance formed by the resins of conifers and leguminous plants, was prescribed to tranquilize the mind in China. In this paper, the antiepileptic effect of amber was evaluated by a pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced epileptic model. An untargeted metabolomics approach was applied to investigate metabolic changes in the epileptic model, which was based on HILIC-UHPLC-MS/MS multivariate statistical analysis and metabolism network analysis. The outcome of this study suggested that 35 endogenous metabolites showed marked perturbations. Moreover, four metabolism pathways were mainly involved in epilepsy. After treatment by amber, the endogenous metabolites had a marked tendency to revert back to the situation of the control group which was consistent with phenobarbital. This study characterized the pentylenetetrazole-induced epileptic model and provided new evidence for the sedative effect of amber.


Assuntos
Âmbar/farmacologia , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Epilepsia/induzido quimicamente , Epilepsia/metabolismo , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Cromatografia Líquida , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imuno-Histoquímica , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolômica/métodos , Camundongos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Pentilenotetrazol/efeitos adversos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
14.
J Drug Target ; 27(2): 164-173, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732929

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease, which is considered as one of the most intractable medical problems with heavy social and economic costs. The current drugs for AD, including acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) and memantine, a NMDA receptor antagonist, only temporarily ameliorate cognitive decline, but are unable to stop or reverse the progression of dementia. This paper reviewed the recent advance in AD drug development. The drug discovery programs under clinical trials targeting cholinergic system, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), ß-secretase, γ-secretase modulators, tau, inflammatory mediators and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) were discussed. Though several drug discovery programs are ongoing, the high failure rate is an outstanding issue. Novel techniques and strategies are desperately needed to significantly accelerate this process.

15.
Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet ; 44(4): 505-517, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Danhong injection is the most commonly prescribed adjuvant drug applied for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in China. Ceftriaxone is usually prescribed along with Danhong injection to elderly patients with complications. However, the pharmacokinetic interactions between these two medications have not been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Danhong injection influences the pharmacokinetic profile of ceftriaxone in old rats when these two medications are used in combination. METHODS: The animal experiment protocol was designed according to the clinical data. Ten-month-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were dosed with ceftriaxone through intravenous administration for 1 or 7 days in the presence or absence of Danhong injection. The combinations were divided into 1-day, 7-day, and 14-day combined-treatment groups in which Danhong injection was administered for 1, 7, or 14 days and ceftriaxone was given for 1, 7, or 7 days, respectively. The plasma concentration of ceftriaxone was determined by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-TQ-MS) on a BEH C18 column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 0.4% formic acid-water. The chromatographic method was validated and found to be simple, rapid, and stable. RESULTS: Danhong injection significantly increased the plasma clearance of and decreased systemic exposure to ceftriaxone. In the 1-day combined-treatment group, the plasma clearance of ceftriaxone increased by 52.69%, and the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of ceftriaxone was decreased by 32.54% (P < 0.01). In the 7-day combined-treatment group, the rate of plasma clearance increased by 52.49% and the area under the concentration-time curve decreased by 31.15% (P < 0.01). For the 14-day combined-treatment group, the plasma clearance of ceftriaxone increased by 26.73%, and the area under the concentration-time curve decreased by 21.44% (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In old male rats, systemic exposure to ceftriaxone decreased when used concomitantly with Danhong injection, which may be because Danhong injection increased the plasma clearance of ceftriaxone. Further investigations should be carried out to clarify the mechanism for the influence of Danhong injection on the pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone.


Assuntos
Ceftriaxona/sangue , Ceftriaxona/farmacocinética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Administração Intravenosa/métodos , Animais , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Injeções/métodos , Masculino , Plasma/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
16.
Pharmacol Res ; 139: 26-40, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30395946

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a complication of diabetes that is caused by uncontrolled high blood sugar. It has been reported that Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) possesses the ability to prevent kidney damage, although the mechanisms remain unclear. The study was to investigate whether and how SM improved DN injury via regulation of metabolome and the molecular mechanisms. In this study, SD rats were fed a high glucose / high fat diet accompanied by 0.5% glucose water. Three weeks later, the rats were given one intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg STZ each day for three days for DN model. The biochemical indicators and metabolomics of plasma, urine and renal tissue were analyzed. Then the western blotting analysis of renal tissue and glomerular mesangial cells were investigated. The results showed that Salvia miltiorrhiza extracts improved the renal injury and regulation of abnormal glycolipid metabolism. The metabolites in serum, urine and renal tissues have been changed significantly. The involved metabolic pathways mainly include phospholipid, arachidonic acid, and pyrimidine metabolisms. Meanwhile, SM inhibited the relative expression levels of wnt4, ß-catenin and TGF-ß in renal tissue and high-glucose induced glomerular mesangial cells.


Assuntos
Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Animais , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(19): 3855-3861, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453709

RESUMO

To explore the effects of shading and the expression of key enzyme genes on the synthesis and accumulation of Panax japonicus var. major saponins, different shading treatments (0%, 30%,50%) of potted P. japonicus var. major were used as test materials, the expression of three key enzyme genes(CAS,DS,ß-AS) of leaves and rhizomes in different growth periods of P. japonicus var. major was determined by real-time quantitative PCR, the content of total saponins was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The results indicated that, in flowering stage, CAS,DS,ß-AS were highly expressed in the aerial parts of P. japonicus var. major, 30% shading treatment significantly inhibited the expression of CAS in leaves and promoted the expression of DS and ß-AS in stems, leaves and flowers, it was speculated that the main part of saponin synthesis was leaf in this stage. Both the expression levels of DS and ß-AS and changes in the content of total saponins in leaves showed a tendency of low-high-low throughout the growth cycle, correlation coefficient analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between them. Compared with control, the expression levels of DS and ß-AS and the content of total saponins were greatly enhanced under shading treatment, 30% shading treatment significantly promoted the accumulation of total saponins. Therefore, it is suggested that 30% shading treatment should be applied to the artificial cultivation of P. japonicus var. major, which is beneficial to the accumulation and quality improvement of saponins.


Assuntos
Luz , Panax/enzimologia , Panax/efeitos da radiação , Saponinas/análise , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Panax/genética , Folhas de Planta/enzimologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Rizoma/enzimologia , Rizoma/genética
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(19): 3876-3883, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453712

RESUMO

In order to analyze the law of membrane permeation of different alkaloids, seven traditional Chinese medicine alkaloids with different parent nucleus and substituent structures, including berberine, palmatine, sinomenine, matrine, oxymatrine, sophoridine, and tetrandrine, were prepared into the simulated solution with same molar concentration, and the membrane penetrating experiments with membrane RC1K and membrane RC5K were carried out. The dynamic transmittance, the total transmittance and the total adsorption rate of each substance were measured, and the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the membrane surface before and after the membrane experiment were considered to predict and analyze the reason of differences in dynamic transmittance of different alkaloids. The results showed that there were significant differences in the dynamic transmittance of the chemical constituents of different alkaloids during penetrating the two membranes. The contamination degree on the surface of the membrane material was also different. The transmittance of the same compound through the RC5K membrane was larger than that through RC1K membrane. Within a certain range, the smaller the pore size of the membrane, the better the selective screening effect on the chemical constituents of traditional Chinese medicine. All the membrane surfaces were less polluted. The difference in transmittance between different substances on the same membrane showed a positive correlation with the difference in structural complexity, providing an experimental basis for the surface modification design in contamination control of membrane materials. In the design of membrane modified material, the surface properties of the membrane can be improved by grafting different polar groups, thereby changing the adsorption characteristics of the membrane surface. The pore size was designed accordingly to achieve the high transmittance and low pollution of the corresponding compounds.


Assuntos
Alcaloides de Berberina/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Permeabilidade
19.
Am J Transl Res ; 10(8): 2502-2510, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210688

RESUMO

Portulacae Oleracea L. (POL) is a traditional Chinese medicine and also an edible vegetable used to treat diarrhea in china for thousands years. Though the therapeutic effect has been proved in clinical trials, the concrete effective component and mechanisms remained elusive. Polysaccharide from POL has been extracted previously and the experiment suggested that POLP could diminish the weight loss and improve the health conditions of mice with DSS induced colitis. Hematoxylin & eosin staining revealed that POLP could improve the histopathological structure of the colon tissue. For the notably variation curve of TNF-α in control, colitis and treatment group, NF-κB was enrolled to investigate the molecular mechanisms of the protective effect of POLP. The protein expression level of NF-κBp65 in cytoplasm increased after POLP treatment of the induced colitis. However, the protein level of NF-κBp65 in the nucleus decreased after administration of POLP. The expression levels of IκBα and NF-κB related proteins Bcl-2 and survivin were also detected and the results suggested that POLP could inhibit the degradation of IκBα and decrease the protein levels of Bcl-2 and Survivin in colitis. It was concluded that POLP could improve the health condition of mice with DSS induced colitis and the mechanisms were closely related with NF-κB via inhibiting the degradation of IκBα.

20.
Fitoterapia ; 130: 265-271, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30243779

RESUMO

Gracilistones A (1) and B (2), two new eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids with an unusual tetrahydrofuran-fused 6/6/5 tricyclic ring system, were obtained from Acanthopanax gracilistylus under the guidance of LC-MS investigation. Their structures and absolute configurations were assigned by extensive spectroscopic analyses and quantum calculation methods. Compounds 1 and 2 showed potent inhibitory activity against LPS-induced nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 macrophages, compared with the positive control L-NMMA. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 were also evaluated for their antioxidant (DPPH• and ABTS•+) and xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activities, and they exhibited weak inhibitory effects at 100 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Eleutherococcus/química , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , China , Cromatografia Líquida , Furanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/isolamento & purificação
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