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1.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 32(1-2): 27-29, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540653

RESUMO

The development of two training paradigms for the training of vascular surgeons has naturally resulted in concerns regarding competence equivalency. Comparison of the traditional 5+2 year and the integrated 0-5 year training programs has confirmed clear differences in trainee experience. To date, the overall vascular procedure case-log experience is equivalent except in the areas of open abdominal procedures that separate traditional vascular fellows from integrated vascular surgery residents. The integrated vascular surgery trainee has the advantage of increased time spent on vascular services, and this results in a significantly increased major vascular case volume. Finally, while there is a difference in the types of jobs attained by these two groups, with vascular residents trending toward a more academic scope of practice, both groups report very similar training and job attainment satisfaction, including salary compensation.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Internato e Residência , Cirurgiões/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/educação , Carga de Trabalho , Escolha da Profissão , Currículo , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Modelos Educacionais
2.
J Vasc Surg ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401116

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: For the open treatment of juxtarenal aortic aneurysms (JRAAs), some argue for the removal of all proximal aneurysmal aortic tissue to prevent future degeneration, whereas others deem it unnecessary. This study sought to compare perioperative and long-term outcomes of two different approaches to treatment of JRAAs. METHODS: Patients who underwent open JRAA repair from 2007 to 2015 at our institution were reviewed and stratified by operative technique: plication of the aneurysm cuff with graft sewn up to the renal arteries (PLI) vs a beveled anastomosis with left renal artery bypass (LRB). Patients who underwent additional mesenteric bypasses were excluded. Primary outcomes included death, anastomotic degeneration, and decline in renal function. Univariate and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed. RESULTS: There were 199 patients identified, 56% PLI (n = 112) and 44% LRB (n = 87). The majority were male (68%), white (89%), and smokers (58%). Mean age was 71.5 ± 8.5 years. LRB patients were more likely to have chronic kidney disease (29% vs 13%; P = .01) and larger juxtarenal diameters (median, 25 mm vs 28 mm; P = .001). LRB patients had longer postoperative length of stay (median, 8 days vs 7 days; P = .003) and longer operative times (median, 4.7 hours vs 3.7 hours; P < .001). Overall 30-day mortality was 2% (n = 4), with no difference between cohorts. There were no differences in perioperative complications except for the development of acute kidney injury, which was more common in LRB patients (47% vs 23%; P < .001). During 3-year follow-up, there was no difference in anastomotic aneurysmal degeneration or sac growth. In the long term, LRB patients were more likely to develop an occluded left renal artery (20% vs 0%; P = .004) and right renal artery stenosis (29% vs 3%; P = .002). However, neither group was more likely to have a decline in renal function (PLI, 23%; LRB, 25%; P = .84). There was no difference in 5-year mortality (P = .72). CONCLUSIONS: The more complex technique involving LRB was not protective against long-term anastomotic degeneration, decline in renal function, or mortality. In addition, LRB led to longer length of stay and operative times, with increased risk of perioperative acute kidney injury. In an era when fewer open aortic repairs are being performed, it is reasonable to consider the PLI technique in the treatment of JRAAs, particularly in patients with baseline chronic kidney disease.

3.
J Vasc Surg ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Trainee burnout is on the rise and negative training environments may contribute. In addition, as the proportion of women entering vascular surgery increases, identifying factors that challenge recruitment and retention is vital as we grow our workforce to meet demand. This study sought to characterize the learning environment of vascular residents and to determine how gender-based discrimination and bias (GBDB) affect the clinical experience. METHODS: A survey was developed to evaluate the trainee experience; demographics and a two-item burnout index were also included. The instrument was sent electronically to all integrated (0 + 5) vascular surgery residents in the United States. Univariate analyses were performed and predictors of burnout identified. RESULTS: A total of 284 integrated vascular residents were invited to participate and 212 (75%) completed the survey. Participants were predominantly male (64%) and white (56%), with a median age of 30 years (interquartile range, 28-32 years). Seventy-nine percent of respondents endorsed some form of negative workplace experience and 30% met high-risk criteria for burnout. More than a third (38%) of residents endorsed personally experiencing GBDB, with a significant difference between men and women (14% vs 80%; P < .001). Women were more likely than men to report witnessing GBDB (76% vs 56%; P = .003). Patients and nurses were the most frequently cited sources of GBDB (80% and 64%, respectively), with vascular surgery attendings cited by 41% of trainees. One in four female resident respondents indicated being sexually harassed during the course of training; this was significantly higher than for male residents (25% vs 1%; P < .001). Nearly half (46%) of trainees who witnessed or experienced GBDB thought that quality of patient care, job satisfaction, personal well-being, and personal risk of burnout were directly affected as a result of GBDB. GBDB was predictive of burnout (odds ratio, 1.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.5; P = .04), as were longer work hours (>80 h/wk; odds ratio, 2.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-7.1; P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: GBDB was experienced by 38% of integrated trainees, with women significantly more affected than men. GBDB is predictive of burnout, and this has significant implications for our specialty in the recruitment and retention of female physicians. Resources addressing these issues are needed to maintain a diverse workforce and to promote physician well-being.

4.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201979

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coverage of one or both renal arteries may be required to facilitate endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients who are not candidates for open surgery in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs). We sought to understand the consequences of renal coverage during these emergent procedures. METHODS: Using the VQI data set from 2013 to 2018, we selected patients who had undergone EVAR for rAAA. Patients were distinguished by whether they had none, unilateral, or bilateral renal artery coverage. Patients were excluded if they were previously on dialysis or had an intervention to preserve renal perfusion. Primary endpoints included inhospital mortality, composite permanent dialysis/30-day death, and 1-year survival. RESULTS: Overall, there were 2,278 patients presenting with ruptured aneurysms. Most patients had no renal artery coverage (n = 2,230; 98%), followed by single renal artery coverage (n = 30; 1.2%), and finally bilateral renal artery coverage (n = 18, 0.8%). On multivariate regression, bilateral renal coverage was associated with increased odds of inhospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 5.7, ±4; P = 0.030), permanent dialysis/30-day death (OR = 9.5, ±7; P = 0.016), and permanent dialysis (OR = 47.5, ±47; P < 0.001). Two patients with bilateral renal coverage did not suffer permanent dialysis/death. Single renal artery coverage significantly increased the odds of permanent dialysis/30-day death (OR = 2.8, ±1.6; P = 0.044) driven mainly by its effect on the outcome of permanent dialysis (OR = 12.3, ±6; P < 0.001). Unadjusted Kaplan-Meier one-year survival estimates were significantly lower with bilateral renal coverage (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.4, P = 0.0002). Bilateral coverage remained a significant predictor on adjusted analysis (HR = 3.5, P = 0.002); however, single renal coverage did not significantly affect survival in unadjusted or adjusted models. CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral renal coverage in rAAA significantly increases inhospital mortality and lowers long-term survival. While single renal artery coverage increases the risk of permanent dialysis/30-day death driven mainly by its effect on permanent dialysis, it does not significantly affect inhospital mortality or one-year survival and may be a viable option for select patients with rAAAs.

5.
J Surg Res ; 242: 332-335, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chair of the Department of Surgery, sometimes known as the Chief, holds a title that has significant historical connotations. Our goal was to assess a group of objectively measurable characteristics that unify these individuals as a group. METHODS: Utilizing publicly available data for all US teaching hospitals, demographic information was accumulated for the named chiefs/chairs of surgery. Information collected included location of their program, their medical/surgical training history, their surgical specialty, previous chair/chief titles held, and academic productivity. RESULTS: Of the 259 programs listed, data were available on 244 individuals who were trained in 19 different specialties. The top three specialties of these practitioners are General Surgery (40, 16.3%), Surgical Oncology (38, 15.5%), and Vascular Surgery (33, 13.5%). There were only 14 female chairs (5.7%) and only one chair with a doctor of osteopathic medicine degree. The majority (62.3%) had been a previous chief of a surgical subdivision with only 26% having been a previous chair/chief of the surgical department. The average chair had 72 peer-reviewed manuscripts with 28 published book chapters. Chair's at academic institutions with university affiliation had a significantly higher number of peer-reviewed manuscripts (P < 0.0001) as well as were more likely to be trained at academic institutions (P = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: There are no set characteristics that define the Chair of a Department of Surgery. By understanding a group of baseline characteristics that unify these surgical leaders, young faculty and trainees with leadership aspirations may begin to understand what is necessary to fill these roles in the future.

6.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(6): 1918-1923, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30622008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Registered Physician in Vascular Interpretation (RPVI) credential is a prerequisite for certification by the Vascular Surgery Board of the American Board of Surgery. Of concern, as more current trainees and recent program graduates take the Physician Vascular Interpretation (PVI) examination, vascular surgery trainee pass rates have decreased. Residents and fellows have a lower PVI examination pass rates than practicing vascular surgeons. The purpose of this study was to assess current vascular laboratory (VL) training for vascular surgery residents and fellows and to identify gaps that residency and fellowship programs might address. METHODS: Program directors (PDs) of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited vascular surgery programs (107 fellowships, 53 integrated residency programs) were surveyed using a web-based tool. Responses were submitted anonymously. Data collected included information about the program, the PD, accreditation status of the VL, and the curriculum used to meet the PVI prerequisites. Concurrent data (June 2017) on the credentials of all PDs were obtained from the Alliance for Physician Certification and Advancement (APCA). RESULTS: Sixty-one of 117 PDs participated in the survey (52% response rate). Of these, 44 individuals (72% of responders) reported they held the RPVI and/or Registered Vascular Technologist credential. Records from APCA indicated that 51 of 117 PDs of accredited vascular surgery residencies and fellowships (44%) had an RPVI/Registered Vascular Technologist credential. Ninety-four percent reported that their VL was accredited. Practical VL experience for trainees was reported to be 20 hours or less by 62% of respondents. The use of a structured curriculum for practical experience was reported by only 15 programs. Programs with fellowships established for more than 10 years were more likely to have a structured program for didactic instruction (P = .03). Only 23 programs reported a dedicated VL rotation. Didactic instruction provided was 20 hours or less for 75% of the cohort. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of a standardized VL curriculum, there is variation in the VL instruction provided to trainees. Fellowship programs with longer histories have more structured instruction, but time allocated to VL education is substantially less than the 30 hours of didactic and 40 hours of practical experience recommended by the APCA. Programs and learners may benefit from the development of VL training guidelines and curriculum resources.

7.
J Surg Res ; 235: 543-550, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data guiding preoperative counseling on the need for discharge to facility after elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (OAR). This study aims to determine the preoperative predictors for nonhome discharge (NHD) following OAR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Vascular Procedure Targeted database was queried for elective OAR, 2011-2015. The primary endpoint was NHD. Complex surgery was defined as high operative time. Multivariable logistic regression identified preoperative factors predictive of NHD. RESULTS: Overall 510 patients were included; 87 (17.1%) required NHD. Baseline characteristics differed: NHD were more frequently female, partially dependent, older, had history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bleeding disorder, and anemia. After risk adjustment, age≥70 y (odds ratio [OR]: 12.48, confidence interval [CI]: 2.89-53.99; P = 0.001), partial dependence (OR: 8.17, CI: 1.39-47.84; P = 0.02), female sex (OR: 1.88, CI: 1.10-3.20; P = 0.02), history of bleeding disorder (OR: 2.65, CI: 1.14-6.15; P = 0.02), and high operative time (OR: 1.84, CI: 1.03-3.26; P = 0.04) were independent predictors of NHD. On unadjusted analysis, NHD was not associated with increased major postdischarge complications (OR: 1.52, CI: 0.48-4.78; P = 0.47 P = 0.47) or unplanned readmission (OR: 0.74, CI: 0.25-2.16; P = 0.58) CONCLUSIONS: NHD following OAR can be predicted using preoperative factors including age, functional status, sex, history of bleeding disorder, and complex repair. NHD was not associated with more major postdischarge complications or unplanned readmission. A better understanding of patients at risk for NHD will allow for better preoperative counseling and will help to set appropriate expectations.

8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 57: 109-117, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30690160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data guiding preoperative counseling on the need for discharge to a facility or nonhome discharge (NHD) following elective endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (endovascular aneurysm repair [EVAR]). This study seeks to determine the preoperative predictors of NHD following EVAR in baseline home-dwelling patients and to determine whether NHD is associated with major postdischarge complications and readmission. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study utilized the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Vascular Procedure Targeted database to identify elective EVAR cases admitted from home (2011 to 2015). The primary end point was NHD. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine predictive preoperative factors for NHD and to determine whether NHD predicted major postdischarge complications and readmission. RESULTS: Overall 6,276 cases were included; 291 (4.6%) required NHD. NHD were more frequently female, anemic, functionally dependent, nonsmokers, had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, recent congestive heart failure exacerbation, and open baseline wounds. NHD was associated with complex surgery, indicated by operative time more than the median, 2.5 hr. Significant predictors for NHD on multivariable analysis included female sex (odds ratio [OR]: 2.2, confidence interval [CI]: 1.7-2.9, P < 0.001), octogenarians (OR: 5.7 CI: 2.3-14.1; P < 0.001) and nonagenarians (OR: 14.6, CI: 5.4-39.2; P < 0.001), dependent functional status (OR: 5.4, CI: 3.3-8.8; P < 0.001), preoperative open wound (OR: 3.5, CI: 1.4-8.9; P = 0.006), high operative time (OR: 2.7, CI: 2.0-3.6; P < 0.001), and hypogastric embolization (OR: 1.6, CI: 1.1-2.1 P = 0.022), C-statistic = 0.780. On adjusted analysis, NHD did not independently predict major postdischarge complication (OR: 1.0 CI: 0.6-1.9; P = 0.875) or unplanned readmission (OR 1.0, CI: 0.6-1.5, P = 0.842). CONCLUSIONS: Discharge to skilled facility following EVAR can be predicted using preoperative factors. Future studies should seek to validate these findings in a prospective manner. Identifying high-risk patients' NHD can help define expectations and facilitate early referral to skilled facilities that may reduce hospital length of stay, reducing health-care costs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Alta do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
9.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2018 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30476598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Racial and ethnic disparities are a critical issue in access to care within all fields of medicine. We hypothesized that analysis of a statewide administrative dataset would demonstrate disparities based on race with respect to access to this latest technology and the associated outcomes following EVAR. METHODS: Utilizing de-identified data from the Florida State Agency for Health Care Administration, we identified patients based on ICD-9 procedure codes who underwent EVAR between the years 2000-2014. We then assigned these procedures with the specialty of the operating physician and then analyzed outcomes based on the race of the patient. RESULTS: We identified 36,601 EVAR procedures during the study period. The average age of the total sample was 73.38 (+/- 9.87), with the majority of the cohort being male (n = 29034, 81.2%). Breakdown of patients within each race category were as follows: 17,056 (47.7%) non-Hispanic Whites, 1,630 (4.6%) non-Hispanic African Americans, 16,431 (46.0%) Hispanics, and 632 (1.8%) patients identified as "Other". Data analysis showed significant differences between age at presentation, sex of patient, and comorbidity score of patients at presentation. There were significant differences in outcomes based on race with respect to total hospital charges, length of stay, disposition, and payer status. CONCLUSION: Racial disparities were discovered with respect to EVAR treatment. African Americans present at younger ages, have the highest percentage of females requiring intervention, have the longest hospital stays, have the highest Medicaid payer source, have the highest in-hospital total charges of any racial group, and are more likely to be treated by academic practitioners. Hispanics present with the highest comorbidity scores as compared to their counterparts and, along with African Americans, are more likely to be treated by non-vascular surgeons.

10.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30223012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Historically, a history of neck radiation has been consider an anatomic risk factor for poor outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). However, this is based on small and primarily single institution reports with few comparative series. This study uses a regional quality database to compare perioperative outcomes of CEA in patients with and without a history of neck radiation (RAD and NORAD, respectively). METHODS: The Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) database was queried for all CEA from 2003-2017. The RAD group included history of neck radiation. Primary endpoints included perioperative stroke (30-day), myocardial infarction (MI) (in-hospital), death (30-day), a composite endpoint: major adverse events (MAE: stroke, MI, death) and long-term survival. RESULTS: Overall, 18,832 patients underwent CEA (18,551 NORAD, 281 RAD). Baseline demographics differed in the following: the RAD group more frequently had history of contralateral carotid artery stenting (1.4% vs. 0.3%, P = 0.009), anatomic high risk features (12.8% vs. 1.3%, P < 0.001) and contralateral carotid occlusion (5.3% vs. 2.4%, P = 0.005). The NORAD cohort was more frequently female (38.9% vs. 29.5%, P < 0.001), ASA class 4 or 5 (8.0% vs. 4.6%, P = 0.035), higher body mass index (28.3 ± 5.6 vs. 27.1 ± 5.4, P < 0.001), on a beta blocker preoperatively (68.0% vs. 62.3%, P = 0.042) and had major cardiovascular comorbidities including coronary artery disease (29.6% vs. 22.1%, P = 0.006). There were no differences in the percent stenosis, proportion symptomatic (37.4% vs. 34.2%, P = 0.259), use of preoperative antiplatelet agents or statins. Electroencephalography monitoring was more frequently employed in RAD (54.5% vs. 46.0%, P = 0.005). There was no difference in perioperative complications, including stroke (RAD 0.4% vs. NORAD 0.7%, P > 0.999), MI (0.4% vs. 0.9%, P = 0.736), death (0.7% vs. 0.6%, P = 0.683) or MAE (2.1% vs. 2.2%, P > 0.999) or long-term survival (79.9% vs. 85.0%, P = 0.357). When only symptomatic or asymptomatic stenosis was considered, there remained no difference in primary endpoints. However, perioperative neurologic events (TIA or stroke) was higher in symptomatic RAD versus symptomatic NORAD (6.7% vs. 2.6%, P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: This regional experience with CEA in patients with RAD shows similar perioperative morbidity, mortality and long term survival when compared with CEA for standard surgical patients (NORAD). Symptomatic presentation was associated with higher perioperative neurologic events but this was not reflected in stroke rates. RAD is not always a contra-indication to CEA and select patients can expect outcomes comparable to standard surgical patients.

11.
Am J Surg ; 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30146087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of autologous arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) for hemodialysis (HD) is the gold standard; however, for many patients at tertiary referral centers, this is not an option. METHODS: We conducted a four year retrospective cohort study to evaluate HD access outcomes with AVF, bovine carotid artery (BCA), and polytetrafluoroethylene arteriovenous graft (PTFE). RESULTS: The study contained 416 AVF, 175 BCA, and 58 PTFE, N = 649. There was statistical difference between rates of infection (AVF 3.4%, BCA 2.9%, PTFE 11.9%), P = 0.02. Maturation failed in 7.5% of AVF but in none of the BCA or PTFE (P = 0.001). Accesses were abandoned with AVF (1.9%), BCA (1.5%), and PTFE (9.5%), P = 0.01. CONCLUSION: Bovine carotid artery can be an effective alternative form of HD access with lower infection, abandonment, and failure to maturation rates when autologous arteriovenous fistula is not an option.

12.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2018 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30081157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal artery anomalies occur at a rate of 1-2% and present a challenge to vascular surgeons performing aortic surgery. We describe adjuncts used to manage such anatomic variants. METHODS: A single surgeon registry of all abdominal aortic aneurysms repaired in an academic center was retrospectively reviewed. Patients with prior renal transplants, congenital pelvic kidneys, or horseshoe kidneys were included. Open repair was reserved for patients with no endovascular or hybrid repair options. RESULTS: Over an 8-year period, 18 patients were identified (renal transplant n = 9, horseshoe kidney n = 3, congenital pelvic kidney n = 6). All transplant patients were treated with endovascular repair. Four required cross-femoral bypasses, 1 for retrograde allograft perfusion after aorto-uni-iliac (AUI) procedure to the contralateral external iliac artery and 3 for contralateral limb perfusion after endograft extension into iliac artery ipsilateral to allograft. Three transplant patients required carotid access due to severe iliofemoral occlusive disease or allograft origin off the internal iliac artery. Two horseshoe kidney patients underwent open repair with direct reimplantation of accessory renal arteries, whereas 1 underwent endovascular repair with exclusion of an isthmus branch. Of the congenital single/pelvic kidney cohort, 2 underwent open repair with renal reimplantation, 2 underwent endovascular aneurysm repair, 1 was treated with AUI and cross-femoral bypass, and one was treated with a staged iliorenal bypass and subsequent fenestrated endovascular repair. Intravascular ultrasound was used to minimize contrast use in patients with chronic renal insufficiency (Cr > 1.5 mg/dL, n = 6). Over a mean follow-up of 31 months (range, 1-110), there were no aortic deaths or reintervention, no decline in renal function (measured by serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate), and 100% patency of the preserved renal arteries. CONCLUSIONS: Atypical renal anatomy should not preclude repair of aortic aneurysms. Repair of such aneurysms is safe and achieves good long-term outcomes with the use of the described techniques.

13.
Ann Surg ; 268(3): 449-456, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30004922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify the postoperative risk associated with different timing intervals of repair. BACKGROUND: Timing of carotid intervention in poststroke patients is widely debated with the scales balanced between increased periprocedural risk and recurrent neurologic event. National database reviews show increased risk to patients treated within the first 2 days of a neurologic event compared to those treated after 6 days. METHODS: Utilizing Vascular Quality Initiative data, all carotid interventions performed on stroke patients between the years 2012 and 2017 were queried. Patients were then stratified based on the timing of surgery from their stroke (<48 hours, 3-7 days, 8-14 days, >15 days). Major outcomes included postoperative stroke, death, and myocardial infarction. RESULTS: A total of 8404 patients were included being predominantly men (5281, 62.8%), with an average age of 69 (±10). Patients treated at greater than 8 days showed significantly less risk of postoperative combined stroke/death and postoperative stroke. There were no significant differences in postoperative stroke or death between the 8 to 14 and greater than 15 days groups.Multivariate regression analysis showed that delayed timing of surgery between 3 and 7 days was protective for postoperative stroke/death (P = 0.003) and any postoperative complication (P = 0.028). Delaying surgery to more than 8 days after stroke was protective for postoperative stroke/death (P < 0.001), postoperative stroke (P < 0.001), and any postoperative complication (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Carotid revascularization should occur no sooner than 48 hours after index stroke event. Surgeons should strive to operate between 8 and 14 days to protect against postoperative stroke/death.

14.
J Vasc Surg ; 67(5): 1353-1359, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29153534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A number of adjunctive "off-the-shelf" procedures have been described to treat complex aortic diseases. Our goal was to evaluate parallel stent graft configurations and to determine an optimal formula for these procedures. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients at a single medical center treated with parallel stent grafts from January 2010 to September 2015. Outcomes were evaluated on the basis of parallel graft orientation, type, and main body device. Primary end points included parallel stent graft compromise and overall endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) compromise. RESULTS: There were 78 patients treated with a total of 144 parallel stents for a variety of pathologic processes. There was a significant correlation between main body oversizing and snorkel compromise (P = .0195) and overall procedural complication (P = .0019) but not with endoleak rates. Patients were organized into the following oversizing groups for further analysis: 0% to 10%, 10% to 20%, and >20%. Those oversized into the 0% to 10% group had the highest rate of overall EVAR complication (73%; P = .0003). There were no significant correlations between any one particular configuration and overall procedural complication. There was also no significant correlation between total number of parallel stents employed and overall complication. Composite EVAR configuration had no significant correlation with individual snorkel compromise, endoleak, or overall EVAR or procedural complication. The configuration most prone to individual snorkel compromise and overall EVAR complication was a four-stent configuration with two stents in an antegrade position and two stents in a retrograde position (60% complication rate). The configuration most prone to endoleak was one or two stents in retrograde position (33% endoleak rate), followed by three stents in an all-antegrade position (25%). There was a significant correlation between individual stent configuration and stent compromise (P = .0385), with 31.25% of retrograde stents having any complication. CONCLUSIONS: Parallel stent grafting offers an off-the-shelf option to treat a variety of aortic diseases. There is an increased risk of parallel stent and overall EVAR compromise with <10% main body oversizing. Thirty-day mortality is increased when more than one parallel stent is placed. Antegrade configurations are preferred to any retrograde configuration, with optimal oversizing >20%.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Desenho de Prótese , Stents , Idoso , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Florida , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 46: 142-146, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28887248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In January 2015, we created a multidisciplinary Aortic Center with the collaboration of Vascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgery, Interventional Radiology, Anesthesia and Hospital Administration. We report the initial success of creating a Comprehensive Aortic Center. METHODS: All aortic procedures performed from January 1, 2015 until December 31, 2016 were entered into a prospectively collected database and compared with available data for 2014. Primary outcomes included the number of all aortic related procedures, transfer acceptance rate, transfer time, and proportion of elective/emergent referrals. RESULTS: The Aortic Center included 5 vascular surgeons, 2 cardiac surgeons, and 2 interventional radiologists. Workflow processes were implemented to streamline patient transfers as well as physician and operating room notification. Total aortic volume increased significantly from 162 to 261 patients. This reflected an overall 59% (P = 0.0167) increase in all aorta-related procedures. We had a 65% overall increase in transfer requests with 156% increase in acceptance of referrals and 136% drop in transfer denials (P < 0.0001). Emergent abdominal aortic cases accounted for 17% (n = 45) of our total aortic volume in 2015. The average transfer time from request to arrival decreased from 515 to 352 min, although this change was not statistically significant. We did see a significant increase in the use of air-transfers for aortic patients (P = 0.0041). Factorial analysis showed that time for transfer was affected only by air-transfer use, regardless of the year the patient was transferred. Transfer volume and volume of aortic related procedures remained stable in 2016. CONCLUSIONS: Designation as a comprehensive Aortic Center with implementation of strategic workflow systems and a culture of "no refusal of transfers" resulted in a significant increase in aortic volume for both emergent and elective aortic cases. Case volumes increased for all specialties involved in the center. Improvements in transfer center and emergency medical services communication demonstrated a trend toward more efficient transfer times. These increases and improvements were sustainable for 2 years after this designation.


Assuntos
Aorta/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Serviços Centralizados no Hospital/organização & administração , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Radiologistas/organização & administração , Radiologia Intervencionista/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/organização & administração , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/classificação , Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia/organização & administração , Serviços Centralizados no Hospital/classificação , Comportamento Cooperativo , Bases de Dados Factuais , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/classificação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Emergências , Florida , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/classificação , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Transferência de Pacientes/organização & administração , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Radiologistas/classificação , Serviço Hospitalar de Radiologia/organização & administração , Radiologia Intervencionista/classificação , Encaminhamento e Consulta/organização & administração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgiões/classificação , Terminologia como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/classificação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/classificação , Fluxo de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 46: 30-35, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28689952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the use of a novel off-the-shelf technique to repair type III and type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) in the absence of available prefabricated branched devices. METHODS: All patients undergoing endovascular repair of type III and IV TAAAs using this technique were included from a prospectively maintained registry at a regional aortic referral center. The proximal bifurcated Gore C3 Excluder device is positioned in the descending thoracic aorta with the contralateral gate 2-3 cm above the celiac artery. From an axillary approach, the contralateral gate renovisceral branches are sequentially cannulated and simultaneously stented using Viabahn covered stents. In cases were the celiac artery could not be excluded, a parallel stent (snorkel) was added adjacent to the proximal endograft. All branches are simultaneously balloon dilated to ensure proximal gutter seal in the contralateral gate. Via the ipsilateral limb, the device can then be extended with a flared iliac extension and/or additional bifurcated device to obtain seal in the distal aorta (previous open repair) or common iliac arteries. RESULTS: Eight patients (male = 6, mean 78 years of age) were treated in this manner since January 2015. All patients underwent repair using Gore C3 device with 3 (n = 5) or 4 (n = 3) renovisceral branches. The celiac artery was sacrificed in 4 patients and 1 renal artery in 1 patient. Mean fluoroscopy time was 88.7 min with a mean of 92.3 cc contrast utilized. Median length of stay was 7 days with 3 days spent in the intensive care unit. No major cardiac, respiratory, renal, neurologic, or wound complications occurred. Three patients had early endoleaks treated with additional endovascular techniques (n = 2) or open surgical ligation (n = 1) during the index hospitalization. Two late endoleaks were identified; 1 type II with stable sac size and 1 type III requiring iliac limb relining. All limbs and branches remain patent at the time of the last imaging study (mean 6.8 months). CONCLUSIONS: We present an endovascular technique for repair of type III and IV TAAAs which appears to be both feasible and safe with good short-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Stents , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Aortografia/métodos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Florida , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
17.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 51(8): 555-561, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28914176

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The natural history and potential morbidity of gutter endoleaks are unclear. We present our experience with intraoperative gutter endoleaks and strategies to determine which of these require intervention. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients treated with parallel stent grafts from January 2010 to September 2015. We reviewed all operative records and intraoperative angiograms as well as all postoperative imaging and secondary interventions. All gutter leaks were classified as low-flow/nonsac-enhancing gutter endoleaks or high-flow/sac-enhancing gutter endoleaks. Adjunctive interventions to manage the gutter leaks were noted, as were all subsequent interventions for gutter leak and endoleak management. RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients had 144 parallel stents placed over a 5-year period with an average of 1.8 stents per patient. Twenty-eight patients (36%) had gutter endoleaks diagnosed intraoperatively. Seventeen patients had adjunctive procedures to reduce gutter leaks prior to leaving the operating room (OR). Patients selected for treatment had gutters filling early during completion angiography and/or contrast enhancement of the aneurysm sac. Twenty-two patients (28%) left the OR with low-flow/delayed/nonsac-enhancing gutter endoleaks. At 30 days, a total of 6 persistent gutter endoleaks were diagnosed on computed tomographic angiography. This gives a 73% rate of resolution for low-flow/nonaneurysm sac-enhancing endoleaks. There were 2 de novo endoleaks not detected at the index procedure diagnosed at 6-month follow-up. Of the 8 total postoperative endoleaks, 5 required additional intervention with a 100% success rate. Multivariate analysis revealed that the only significant predictor of having a postoperative endoleak is leaving the OR with an endoleak. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative treatment of gutter endoleaks has an acceptable rate of resolution. It does have a high rate of converting high-flow endoleaks to low-flow endoleaks. Low-flow/nonsac-enhancing gutter endoleaks have a high rate of spontaneous resolution. Intraoperative gutter endoleaks are not predictive of future aneurysm sac growth.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Vasc Surg ; 66(4): 1280-1284, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28583729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the integrated vascular residency program reaches almost a decade of maturity, a common area of concern among trainees is the adequacy of open abdominal surgical training. It is our belief that although their overall exposure to open abdominal procedures has decreased, integrated vascular residents have an adequate and focused exposure to open aortic surgery during training. METHODS: National operative case log data supplied by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education were compiled for both graduating integrated vascular surgery residents (IVSRs) and graduating categorical general surgery residents (GSRs) for the years 2012 to 2014. Mean total and open abdominal case numbers were compared between the IVSRs and GSRs, with more in-depth exploration into open abdominal procedures by organ system. RESULTS: Overall, the mean total 5-year case volume of IVSRs was 1168 compared with 980 for GSRs during the same time frame (P < .0001). IVSRs reported nearly double the number of surgeon-chief cases compared with GSRs (452 vs 239; P < .0001). GSRs reported more than double the number of open abdominal procedures compared with IVSRs (205 vs 83; P < .0001). Sixty-five percent of the open abdominal experience for IVSRs was focused on procedures involving the aorta and its branches, with an average of 54 open aortic cases recorded throughout their training. The largest single contributor to open surgical experience for a GSR was alimentary tract surgery, representing 57% of all open abdominal cases. GSRs completed an average of 116 open alimentary tract surgeries during their training. Open abdominal surgery represented an average of 7.1% of the total vascular case volume for the vascular residents, whereas open abdominal surgery represented 21% of a GSR's total surgical experience. CONCLUSIONS: IVSRs reported almost double the number of total cases during their training, with double chief-level cases. Sixty-five percent of open abdominal surgeries performed by IVSRs involved the aorta or its renovisceral branches. Whereas open abdominal surgery represented 7.1% of an IVSR's surgical training, GSRs had a far broader scope of open abdominal procedures, completing nearly double those of IVSRs. The differences in open abdominal procedures pertain to the differing diseases treated by GSRs and IVSRs.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Internato e Residência , Laparotomia/educação , Especialização , Cirurgiões/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/educação , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Carga de Trabalho
19.
J Vasc Surg ; 66(3): 947-951.e2, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28647198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluates the trends in open abdominal surgery cases among integrated vascular surgery residents compared with their 5 + 2 counterparts. METHODS: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) case logs between 2007 and 2016 were collected from a pool of 9861 residents and fellows from 371 institutions. Trainees were grouped into three categories: general surgery residency (GSR), integrated vascular surgery residency (IVSR), and vascular surgery fellowship in the United States. Inclusion criteria were specific to open abdominal cases of or including the anatomy adjacent to the aorta performed by the surgeon chief. RESULTS: The 5 + 2 graduates have obtained significantly more open vascular surgery training experience than their IVSR graduate counterparts (P < .01). GSR chief residents performed significantly more open abdomen cases than IVSR chief residents (P < .01). IVSR chiefs performed significantly more open vascular procedures than GSR chiefs (P < .01). On the completion of vascular surgery fellowship, 5 + 2 graduates had significantly more open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) exposure during training than IVSR graduates did (P < .01); however, IVSR trainees had performed significantly more open AAA procedures than their GSR counterparts (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Up to 2016, graduates of the 5 + 2 vascular training pathway had significantly higher open abdominal exposure than those of the IVSR track. However, graduates of the IVSR track had significantly higher open AAA exposure than GSR graduates.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Cirurgiões/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/tendências , Competência Clínica , Currículo/tendências , Procedimentos Endovasculares/educação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/tendências , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgiões/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/educação , Carga de Trabalho
20.
J Vasc Surg ; 66(4): 1149-1156, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28648481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the outcomes of renal artery revascularizations during open aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS: Open abdominal aneurysm repairs performed from 2010 to 2015 at a single institution were reviewed, including type IV thoracoabdominal, suprarenal, and juxtarenal aneurysms. Direct renal reconstruction techniques included eversion endarterectomy, bypass, and vessel reimplantation based on the patient's anatomy. Renal loss was defined by artery occlusion. RESULTS: The study included 125 patients; of these, 57 patients (46%) had 76 renal reconstructions (38 single, 19 bilateral) performed. Interventions included endarterectomy (n = 21), transaortic stenting (n = 2), reimplantation with (n = 25) or without (n = 17) endarterectomy, bypass (n = 4), and ligation (n = 7). Mean aneurysm size was 6.4 cm, with 23% (n = 29) urgent/emergent operations and 20% (n = 25) having had a prior open or endovascular repair. Overall complication rate was 50%, with significant increase among the group requiring renal intervention, primarily accounted for by a 33% early or late dialysis requirement compared with 16% in patients with no renal revascularization (P = .01). Overall 30-day mortality was 9%, with no difference between groups. Urgent/emergent operation (P < .001) was associated with increased 30-day mortality (24% vs 4% elective procedures), but prior open or endovascular repair (P = .4) was not. Mean follow-up was 26 months, with directed imaging out to a mean of 18 months. Renal intervention (P = .01) and urgent/emergent status (P = .04) were predictive of dialysis requirement; however, among those undergoing intervention, renal loss was not associated with an increase in dialysis requirement (P = .2). Of the directed intervention techniques, renal reimplantation with or without endarterectomy was associated with increased risk of dialysis requirement (P = .005) and renal loss (P = .04) relative to endarterectomy alone. Mean creatinine concentration on late follow-up was 1.4 mg/dL (from 1.3 mg/dL preoperatively) and was not statistically significantly different between those undergoing renal intervention (1.5 mg/dL) and those who did not (1.4 mg/dL). CONCLUSIONS: Renal artery reconstruction at the time of open repair of paravisceral aneurysms is associated with an increased complication rate, primarily driven by occlusion of reimplanted vessels and increased dialysis requirement. As reported by others, nonelective presentation is the greatest determinant of early death or adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Endarterectomia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Reimplante , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Endarterectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Florida , Humanos , Ligadura , Masculino , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/fisiopatologia , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/etiologia , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/fisiopatologia , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/terapia , Diálise Renal , Reimplante/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
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