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1.
J Epidemiol ; 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353324

RESUMO

BackgroundFew studies examining the impact for women of employment status on health have considered domestic duties and responsibilities as well as household socioeconomic conditions. Moreover, to our knowledge, no studies have explored the influence of work-family conflict on the association between employment status and health. This research aimed to investigate the cross-sectional associations between employment status (regular employee, non-regular employee, or self-employed) with self-rated health among Japanese middle-aged working women.MethodsSelf-report data were obtained from 21,450 working women aged 40-59 years enrolled in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study for the Next Generation (JPHC-NEXT Study) in 2011-2016. Multivariate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for poor self-rated health ('poor' or 'not very good') by employment status. The sub-group analyses by household income and marital status as well as mediation analysis for work-family conflict were also conducted.ResultsAdjusted ORs for the poor self-rated health of non-regular employees and self-employed workers were 0.90 (95% CI, 0.83-0.98) and 0.84 (95% CI, 0.75-0.94), respectively, compared with regular employees. The identified association of non-regular employment was explained by work-family conflict. Subgroup analysis indicated no statistically significant modifying effects by household income and marital status.ConclusionAmong middle-aged working Japanese women, employment status was associated with self-rated health; non-regular employees and self-employed workers were less likely to report poor self-rated health, compared with regular employees. Lowered OR of poor self-rated health among non-regular employees may be explained by their reduced work-family conflict.

2.
J Epidemiol ; 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that high circulating cystatin C is associated with a risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) independent of creatinine-based renal function measurements. The present study investigated the comparison between the cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFRcys) and creatinine-based GFR (GFRcr) to determine whether these measurements are associated with CV biomarkers and elevated CVD risk in a general Japanese population. METHODS: The Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization pooled individual participant data from a general population-based cohort study in Iwate prefecture (n = 29,375). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was estimated using the GFRcys, GFRcr and the urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR). RESULTS: The prevalence of CKD in the participants was found to be higher based on the GFRcr than the GFRcys. Multiple variable analyses after adjusting for baseline characteristics showed that high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were associated with the GFRcys. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve for identifying individuals with a high Suita score was higher for the GFRcys (AUROC = 0.68) than it was for the GFRcr (AUROC = 0.64, P < 0.001). The GFRcys provided reclassification improvement for the CVD risk prediction model by the GFRcr (net reclassification improvement = 0.341; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.018, respectively, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The GFRcys is more closely associated with CV biomarkers, including hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP levels, and a high Suita score than the GFRcr, and it provides additional value in the assessment of CVD risk using GFRcr.

3.
Biomarkers ; 24(6): 566-573, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978115

RESUMO

Purpose: Elevation of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study determined whether hs-cTnT was detectable with N-terminal pro-b-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and related to CV risk factors in a general Japanese population. Materials and methods: The Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization pooled individual participant data for a population-based cohort study in the Iwate prefecture (n = 30,193, age = 60.2 ± 11.5 year). Results: Hs-cTnT levels were higher in participants with hypertension, diabetes mellitus than in participants without these conditions (all ps < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that NT-proBNP was strongly associated with elevation of hs-cTnT (OR = 3.35, 95% CI = 2.90-3.89, p < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that hs-cTnT was one of useful biomarker for the differentiation of high risk for CVD (the Suita score ≥ 56) from a general population. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated hs-cTnT levels were related to the CVD high risk group (OR = 2.67, 95% CI = 2.28-3.14, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Hs-cTnT levels are associated with elevation of NT-proBNP and high Suita score, which suggests that elevated hs-cTnT is related to subclinical myocardial damage and indicates CV risk.

4.
Sleep ; 42(6)2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810208

RESUMO

Usual sleep duration has substantial heritability and is associated with various physical and psychiatric conditions as well as mortality. However, for its genetic locus, only PAX8 and VRK2 have been replicated in previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We conducted a GWAS meta-analysis of self-reported usual sleep duration using three population-based cohorts totaling 31 230 Japanese individuals. A genome-wide significant locus was identified at 12q24 (p-value < 5.0 × 10-8). Subsequently, a functional variant in the ALDH2 locus, rs671, was replicated in an independent sample of 5140 Japanese individuals (p-value = 0.004). The association signal, however, disappeared after adjusting for alcohol consumption, indicating the possibility that the rs671 genotype modifies sleep duration via alcohol consumption. This hypothesis explained a modest genetic correlation observed between sleep duration and alcohol consumption (rG = 0.23). A Mendelian randomization analysis using rs671 and other variants as instrumental variables confirmed this by showing a causal effect of alcohol consumption, but not of coffee consumption on sleep duration. Another genome-wide significant locus was identified at 5q33 after adjusting for drinking frequency. However, this locus was not replicated, nor was the PAX8 and VRK2. Our study has confirmed that a functional ALDH2 variant, rs671, most strongly influences on usual sleep duration possibly via alcohol consumption in the Japanese population, and presumably in East Asian populations. This highlights the importance of considering the involvement of alcohol consumption in future GWAS of usual sleep duration, even in non-East Asian populations, where rs671 is monomorphic.

5.
Nat Genet ; 51(3): 379-386, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718926

RESUMO

To understand the genetics of type 2 diabetes in people of Japanese ancestry, we conducted A meta-analysis of four genome-wide association studies (GWAS; 36,614 cases and 155,150 controls of Japanese ancestry). We identified 88 type 2 diabetes-associated loci (P < 5.0 × 10-8) with 115 independent signals (P < 5.0 × 10-6), of which 28 loci with 30 signals were novel. Twenty-eight missense variants were in linkage disequilibrium (r2 > 0.6) with the lead variants. Among the 28 missense variants, three previously unreported variants had distinct minor allele frequency (MAF) spectra between people of Japanese and European ancestry (MAFJPN > 0.05 versus MAFEUR < 0.01), including missense variants in genes related to pancreatic acinar cells (GP2) and insulin secretion (GLP1R). Transethnic comparisons of the molecular pathways identified from the GWAS results highlight both ethnically shared and heterogeneous effects of a series of pathways on type 2 diabetes (for example, monogenic diabetes and beta cells).


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Loci Gênicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Genótipo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação/genética , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
6.
J Epidemiol ; 2019 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30713262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle and life-environment factors have undergone drastic changes in Japan over the last few decades. Further, many molecular epidemiologic studies have reported that genetic, epigenetic and other biomarker information may be useful in predicting individual disease risk. METHODS: Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study for the Next Generation (JPHC-NEXT) was launched in 2011 to identify risk factors for lifestyle-related disease, elucidate factors which extend healthy life expectancy, and contribute toward personalized healthcare based on our more than 20 years' experience with the JPHC Study. Between 2011 and 2016, a baseline survey was conducted at 16 municipalities in 7 prefectures across the country. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all registered residents aged 40-74 which mainly asked about lifestyle factors, such as socio-demographic situation, personal medical history, smoking, alcohol and dietary habits. We obtained informed consent from each participant to participate in this long follow-up study of at least 20 years, including consent to the potential use of their residence registry, medical records, medical fee receipts, care insurance etc., and to the provision of biospecimens (blood and urine), including genomic analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: As of December 31, 2016, we have established a population-based cohort of 115,385 persons (Response rate 44.1%), among whom 55,278 (47.9% of participants) have provided blood and urine samples. The participation rate was slightly higher among females and in the older age group. In conclusion, we have established a large-scale population-based cohort for next-generation epidemiological study in Japan.

7.
Ocul Surf ; 17(2): 278-284, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether social support and social trust are associated with DED. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study for the Next Generation (JPHC-NEXT) were used. Subjects are 96,227 Japanese men and women aged 40 to 74. Data from respondents included information on DED, social support and social trust. DED was defined as the presence of clinically diagnosed DED or severe symptoms. Social support was measured by emotional support and tangible support. Social trust was measured by level of general trust in others. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the association of social determinants for DED. RESULTS: Individuals with high levels of social support and social trust were less likely to have severe symptoms of DED and clinically diagnosed DED (P for trend < 0.001 in both cases). Those with the highest levels of social support and social trust were least likely to have DED (odds ratios [OR] = 0.64 [0.61-0.67], 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.63 [0.60-0.67] for severe symptoms of DED; OR = 0.88 [0.83-0.93] and 0.85 [0.80-0.91] for clinically diagnosed DED). CONCLUSIONS: High levels of social support and social trust were associated with a lower prevalence of DED.

9.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 14162, 2018 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30242241

RESUMO

Excessive sodium intake is a global risk factor for hypertension. Sodium effects on blood pressure vary from person to person; hence, high-risk group targeting based on personal genetic information can play a complementary role to ongoing population preventive approaches to reduce sodium consumption. To identify genetic factors that modulate sodium effects on blood pressure, we conducted a population-based genome-wide interaction analysis in 8,768 Japanese subjects, which was >3 times larger than a similar previous study. We tested 7,135,436 polymorphisms in the discovery cohort, and loci that met suggestive significance were further examined in an independent replication cohort. We found that an interaction between a novel 3'-BCL11B gene desert locus and daily sodium consumption was significantly associated with systolic blood pressure in both discovery and replication cohorts under the recessive model. Further statistical analysis of rs8022678, the sentinel variant of the 3'-BCL11B gene desert locus, showed that differences in mean systolic blood pressure between high and low sodium consumption subgroups were 5.9 mm Hg (P = 8.8 × 10-12) in rs8022678 A carriers and -0.3 mm Hg (P = 0.27) in rs8022678 A non-carriers, suggesting that the rs8022678 genotype can classify persons into sodium-sensitive (A carriers) and sodium-insensitive (A non-carriers) subgroups. Our results implied that rs8022678 A carriers may receive a greater benefit from sodium-lowering interventions than non-carriers.

10.
Am J Hypertens ; 31(8): 895-901, 2018 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29659657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The appearance of left ventricular hypertrophy on 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG-LVH) has been clarified to be associated with the risk of incidence of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in hypertensive individuals and the general population, but not enough in non-hypertensive individuals. METHODS: A total of 4,927 non-hypertensive individuals ≥40 years of age who were free of CVE in the general population were followed for the incidence of CVE. ECG-LVH was defined according to criteria of the Sokolow-Lyon (SL) voltage, Cornell voltage (CV), or Cornell voltage product (CP). RESULTS: During the average 9.8 ± 2.0 years of follow-up, 267 individuals (5.4%) had their first CVE. The hazard ratio (HR) for the incidence of CVE after full adjustment by potential confounders significantly increased in the individuals with ECG-LVH by any criteria of the SL voltage, CV, and CP (HR = 1.77, P < 0.001) compared to those with no ECG-LVH. This association was also significant in individuals without any of obesity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus or those with systolic blood pressure (BP) <120 mm Hg and diastolic BP <80 mm Hg. Furthermore, ECG-LVH by each criteria provided the reclassification improvement for the CVE risk prediction model by the Framingham 10-year risk score (the net reclassification improvement = 0.17-0.22, each P value < 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of hypertension, ECG-LVH parameters are associated with the increased risk of developed CVEs independent of the established risk factors and provide the additional prognostic value in an assessment of the CVE risk using the traditional risk factors.

11.
Hypertens Res ; 41(7): 531-538, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29654296

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is characterized by alterations in blood glucose (BG) metabolism, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has been widely used as a marker of the BG concentration. Diabetes often coexists with high blood pressure (BP). High BP and hyperglycemia are well-known risk factors of stroke. We examined the extent to which the increased risk of stroke in diabetic individuals is attributable to BP and BG using prospectively collected data from the Japanese general population. During an average 8.3 ± 2.2 years of follow-up, out 1606 diabetic individuals aged ≥40 years who were free of cardiovascular disease, 119 participants (7.4%) developed stroke. In multivariable analysis, a significant difference in the risk of incident stroke was noted among the BP categories, including normotension (BP1), prehypertension (BP2), and hypertension (BP3; P for trend = 0.001). By contrast, no difference was noted among the BG categories, including HbA1c levels <7.0% (HB1), 7.0-7.9% (HB2), and ≥8.0% (HB3; P for trend = 0.430). Compared with the category that included both BP1 and HB1, the population-attributable fraction (PAF) for stroke incidence was 52.0% from the BP2 and BP3 categories and 24.1% from the HB2 and HB3 categories, and the increased incidence from the HB2 and HB3 categories was mostly caused from coexistent BP2 and BP3 categories. In conclusion, in the Japanese community-based diabetic population, concomitant BP elevation largely contributes to the increased incidence of stroke and links BG elevation, as indicated by HbA1c, to the increased risk of stroke.

12.
PLoS One ; 13(3): e0195013, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29590199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several types of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) impair the physical and mental status. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive ability of several cardiovascular biomarkers for identifying the incidence of disability as future recipients of public long-term care (LTC) service. METHODS: The subjects of this study were community-dwelling elderly individuals ≥ 65 years of age without a history of CVD (n = 5,755; mean age, 71 years). The endpoint of this study was official certification as a recipient of LTC. The cohort was divided into quartiles (Qs) based on the levels of three CVD biomarkers: the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR), plasma B-type natriuretic peptide concentration (BNP), and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentration (hsCRP). A time-dependent Cox proportional hazard model was used to determine the multi-adjusted relative hazard ratios (HRs) for incident LTC among the quartiles of each biomarker. RESULTS: During the follow-up (mean 5.6 years), 710 subjects were authorized as recipients of LTC. The HR was only significantly increased in the higher Qs of UACR (Q3, p < 0.01; Q4, p < 0.001). However, other biomarkers were not significantly associated with the endpoint. The risk predictive performance for the incidence of LTC as evaluated by an essential model (i.e. age- and sex-adjusted) was significantly improved by incorporating the UACR (net reclassification improvement = 0.084, p < 0.01; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.0018, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that an increased UACR is useful for predicting physical and cognitive dysfunction in an elderly general population.


Assuntos
Albuminas/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Creatinina/urina , Urinálise/métodos , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/urina , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Assistência de Longa Duração , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
13.
Circ J ; 82(4): 1017-1025, 2018 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29386475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ability of cardiovascular biomarkers to predict the incidence of stroke subtypes remains ill-defined in the general population.Methods and Results:The blood levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and urinary albumin corrected by urinary creatinine (UACR) were determined in a general population (n=13,575). The ability to predict the incidence of ischemic stroke subtypes (lacunar, atherothrombotic, cardioembolic) for each biomarker was assessed based on the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC) and using Cox proportional hazard modeling. The predictive abilities of UACR and hs-CRP for any subtype of ischemic event were found to be suboptimal. However, the ability of BNP to predict the incidence of cardioembolic stroke was excellent (AUC-ROC=0.81). When BNP was added to established stroke risk factors, the ability to predict cardioembolic stroke in terms of the AUC-ROC significantly improved (4-year follow-up, P=0.018; 8-year follow-up, P=0.009). Furthermore, when BNP was added to the JPHC score, the ability to predict cardioembolic stroke was significantly improved (net reclassification improvement=0.968, P<0.0001: integrated discrimination improvement=0.039, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In the general population, plasma BNP was an excellent biomarker for predicting the incidence of cardioembolic stroke when used alone or in combination with established stroke risk factors.

14.
NPJ Genom Med ; 2: 11, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29263827

RESUMO

Epigenome-wide association studies, which searches for blood-based DNA methylation signatures associated with environmental exposures and/or disease susceptibilities, is a promising approach to a better understanding of the molecular aetiology of common diseases. To carry out large-scale epigenome-wide association studies while avoiding false negative detection, an efficient strategy to determine target CpG sites for microarray-based or sequencing-based DNA methylation profiling is essentially needed. Here, we propose and validate a hypothesis that a strategy focusing on CpG sites with high DNA methylation level variability may attain an improved efficacy. Through whole-genome bisulfite sequencing of purified blood cells collected from > 100 apparently healthy subjects, we identified ~2.0 million inter-individually variable CpG sites as potential targets. The efficacy of our strategy was estimated to be 3.7-fold higher than that of the most frequently used strategy. Our catalogue of inter-individually variable CpG sites will accelerate the discovery of clinically relevant DNA methylation biomarkers in future epigenome-wide association studies.

15.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 16147, 2017 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29170429

RESUMO

Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is widely used as a biomarker for the diagnosis of diabetes, for population-level screening, and for monitoring the glycaemic status during medical treatment. Although the heritability of HbA1c has been estimated at ~55-75%, a much smaller proportion of phenotypic variance is explained by the HbA1c-associated variants identified so far. To search for novel loci influencing the HbA1c levels, we conducted a genome-wide meta-analysis of 2 non-diabetic Japanese populations (n = 7,704 subjects in total). We identified 2 novel loci that achieved genome-wide significance: TMC6-TMC8 (P = 5.3 × 10-20) and SIX3-SIX2 (P = 8.6 × 10-9). Data from the largest-scale European GWAS conducted for HbA1c supported an association between the novel TMC6-TMC8 locus and HbA1c (P = 2.7 × 10-3). The association analysis with glycated albumin and glycation gap conducted using our Japanese population indicated that the TMC6-TMC8 and SIX3-SIX2 loci may influence the HbA1c level through non-glycaemic and glycaemic pathways, respectively. In addition, the pathway-based analysis suggested that the linoleic acid metabolic and 14-3-3-mediated signalling pathways were associated with HbA1c. These findings provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms that modulate the HbA1c level in non-diabetic subjects.

16.
Nat Genet ; 49(10): 1458-1467, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28892062

RESUMO

Obesity is a risk factor for a wide variety of health problems. In a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of body mass index (BMI) in Japanese people (n = 173,430), we found 85 loci significantly associated with obesity (P < 5.0 × 10-8), of which 51 were previously unknown. We conducted trans-ancestral meta-analyses by integrating these results with the results from a GWAS of Europeans and identified 61 additional new loci. In total, this study identifies 112 novel loci, doubling the number of previously known BMI-associated loci. By annotating associated variants with cell-type-specific regulatory marks, we found enrichment of variants in CD19+ cells. We also found significant genetic correlations between BMI and lymphocyte count (P = 6.46 × 10-5, rg = 0.18) and between BMI and multiple complex diseases. These findings provide genetic evidence that lymphocytes are relevant to body weight regulation and offer insights into the pathogenesis of obesity.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Obesidade/genética , Peso Corporal/genética , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Obesidade/etnologia , Obesidade/imunologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
17.
J Hum Genet ; 62(12): 1037-1048, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28794501

RESUMO

There are ongoing debates on issues relating to returning individual research results (IRRs) and incidental findings (IFs) generated by genetic research in population-based biobanks. To understand how to appropriately return genetic results from biobank studies, we surveyed preferences for returning IRRs and IFs among participants of the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM). We mailed a questionnaire to individuals enrolled in the TMM cohort study (Group 1; n=1031) and a group of Tohoku region residents (Group 2; n=2314). The respondents were required to be over 20 years of age. Nearly 90% of Group 1 participants and over 80% of Group 2 participants expressed a preference for receiving their genetic test results. Furthermore, over 60% of both groups preferred to receive their genetic results 'from a genetic specialist.' A logistic regression analysis revealed that engaging in 'health-conscious behaviors' (such as regular physical activity, having a healthy diet, intentionally reducing alcohol intake and/or smoking and so on) was significant, positively associated with preferring to receive their genetic test results (odds ratio=2.397 (Group 1) and 1.897 (Group 2)). Our findings provided useful information and predictors regarding the return of IRRs and IFs in a population-based biobank.


Assuntos
Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Revelação , Achados Incidentais , Preferência do Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 26(10): 2160-2166, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28579504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accuracy of a stroke registration program in Iwate prefecture was greatly affected by cooperation from medical facilities and doctors in the field. The number of registered cases from noncore hospitals was less, but the accuracy of registration was unknown. This report presents the impact and effectivity of an inventory survey of the stroke registry. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Details of subjects living in coastal and northern regions of Iwate Prefecture who developed a cerebrovascular attack between 2012 and 2014 were obtained from the Iwate Stroke Registry through an inventory survey. Annual incidence rate from core hospitals and noncore hospitals were compared. To evaluate factors registered from noncore hospitals, multivariate analyses were performed for sex, age, living area, type of stroke, and past history of cerebrovascular diseases. RESULTS: Annual crude incidence rate for 100,000 residual populations were 428.8 in men and 351.2 in women from core hospitals and 38.5 in men and 43.7 in women from noncore hospitals. Ratios of noncore hospitals against all the hospitals were 8.3% for men and 11.1% for women. Multivariate analyses for age, ischemic type of stroke, past history of cerebrovascular diseases, and living in areas without a core hospital were significant; however, sex was not a significant factor. CONCLUSION: The inventory survey of the stroke registry program in the Iwate prefecture was useful to prevent missing data of stroke cases from noncore hospitals, including patients who are elderly, with ischemic stroke onset, with a past history of stroke, or living in areas without core hospitals.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Geografia Médica , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Médicos , Fatores Sexuais
19.
J Epidemiol ; 27(8): 360-367, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28390793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relative and absolute risks of stroke and heart failure attributable to atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been sufficiently examined. METHODS: A prospective study of 23,731 community-dwelling Japanese individuals was conducted. Participants were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of prevalent AF (n = 338 and n = 23,393, respectively). Excess events (EE) due to AF and relative risks (RRs) determined using the non-AF group as the reference for incident stroke and heart failure were estimated using Poisson regression stratified by age groups (middle-aged: 40-69 years old; elderly: 70 years of age or older) after adjustment for sex and age. RESULTS: There were 611 cases of stroke and 98 cases of heart failure during the observation period (131,088 person-years). AF contributed to a higher risk of stroke both in middle-aged individuals (EE 10.4 per 1000 person-years; RR 4.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.88-8.29) and elderly individuals (EE 18.3 per 1000 person-years; RR 3.05; 95% CI, 2.05-4.54). AF also contributed to a higher risk of heart failure in middle-aged individuals (EE 3.7 per 1000 person-years; RR 8.18; 95% CI, 2.41-27.8) and elderly individuals (EE 15.4 per 1000 person-years; RR 7.82; 95% CI, 4.11-14.9). Results obtained from multivariate-adjusted analysis were similar (stroke: EE 8.9 per 1000 person-years; RR 4.40; 95% CI, 2.57-7.55 in middle-aged and EE 17.4 per 1000 person-years; RR 2.97; 95% CI, 1.99-4.43 in elderly individuals; heart failure: EE 3.1 per 1000 person-years; RR 7.22; 95% CI, 2.06-25.3 in middle-aged and EE 14.1 per 1000 person-years; RR 7.41; 95% CI, 3.86-14.2 in elderly individuals). CONCLUSIONS: AF increased the risk of stroke by the same magnitude as that reported previously in Western countries. AF increased the RR of heart failure more than that in Western populations.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco
20.
Stroke ; 48(2): 253-258, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28034966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prediction of genetic predispositions to ischemic stroke (IS) may allow the identification of individuals at elevated risk and thereby prevent IS in clinical practice. Previously developed weighted multilocus genetic risk scores showed limited predictive ability for IS. Here, we investigated the predictive ability of a newer method, polygenic risk score (polyGRS), based on the idea that a few strong signals, as well as several weaker signals, can be collectively informative to determine IS risk. METHODS: We genotyped 13 214 Japanese individuals with IS and 26 470 controls (derivation samples) and generated both multilocus genetic risk scores and polyGRS, using the same derivation data set. The predictive abilities of each scoring system were then assessed using 2 independent sets of Japanese samples (KyushuU and JPJM data sets). RESULTS: In both validation data sets, polyGRS was shown to be significantly associated with IS, but weighted multilocus genetic risk scores was not. Comparing the highest with the lowest polyGRS quintile, the odds ratios for IS were 1.75 (95% confidence interval, 1.33-2.31) and 1.99 (95% confidence interval, 1.19-3.33) in the KyushuU and JPJM samples, respectively. Using the KyushuU samples, the addition of polyGRS to a nongenetic risk model resulted in a significant improvement of the predictive ability (net reclassification improvement=0.151; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The polyGRS was shown to be superior to weighted multilocus genetic risk scores as an IS prediction model. Thus, together with the nongenetic risk factors, polyGRS will provide valuable information for individual risk assessment and management of modifiable risk factors.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
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