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1.
J Parasit Dis ; 46(1): 87-102, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299912

RESUMO

Currently, praziquantel (PZQ) is the only drug of choice used for treatment of human schistosomes because of its safety and broad-spectrum activity. It is reported that the repeated chemotherapy is complicated by the occurrence of drug resistance to schistosomiasis. So there is an urgent need to develop new drug combinations therapy. The current study aimed to evaluate antischistosomal activity of F. carica leaves extract alone or in combination with PZQ on Schistosoma mansoni infected mice. Mice were experimentally infected with Schistosoma mansoni and orally administrated 6 weeks' post-infection with Fig leaves extract and/or PZQ. Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni)-infected mice were separated into four groups: untreated (I), treated with PZQ in dose of 200 mg/kg bw (II), treated with Fig leaves extract dose of 400 mg/kg bw (III). Group IV was treated with dose of Fig leaves extract-PZQ as in groups II and III, respectively. The effect was detected parasitologically using ova count technique and oogram pattern in intestine and liver. The greatest antischistosomal effect was achieved using orally administered Fig leaves extract-PZQ as indicated by total worm burden, tissue egg count and oogram pattern. Fig leaves extract + PZQ induced the therapeutic efficacy over the PZQ dose alone in intestine and liver as shown by a complete absence of immature worms, a very high reduction in the total numbers of tissue egg load (59.81% vs. 61.43% & 67.96% vs. 73.46%), mature eggs (37.86 ± 1.4 vs. 34.14 ± 1.9) and increasing in the total number of dead eggs (62.14 ± 1.4vs.67.29 ± 1.76). The results suggested the curcumin in combination with PZQ as a strong schistosomicidal regimen against S. mansoni. In addition, F. carica leaves extract is a promising for PZQ potentiating its antischistosomal action in animal model infected with S. mansoni. Therefore, the present work conclude that combined treatment has a synergetic effect and could be more promising in the management of schistosomiasis.

2.
J Parasit Dis ; 45(2): 490-501, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295048

RESUMO

Bioindicator value of digenean parasites (Acanthostomum absconditum, Acanthostomum spiniceps and Haplorchoides cahirinus) of silver catfish, Bagrus bajad was assessed by analyzing the concentrations of nine heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd, Cr, Mn, Co, and Pb) using atomic absorption spectrometry. Additionally, the study compared heavy metals concentrations in four sinks (water, gills, intestine and digenean worms) from two aquatic habitats (the upstream and downstream) of the Damietta Branch of the River Nile from January to December, 2018. The results revealed that iron and manganese were the most abundant metals in water, gills, intestine and digenean worms at both the upstream and downstream aquatic habitats. In addition, the digenean worms of B. bajad inhabiting these two localities accumulated higher amounts of all analyzed heavy metals than water, gills and intestine (especially iron and manganese), except for chromium, the highest level of which was encountered in the gill tissues. The seasonal variations of heavy metals indicated their highest concentration in summer (for water, gills, intestine and digenean worms) and lowest concentration in autumn and winter (for water, gills and intestine), and in winter and spring (for digenean parasites). The results confirmed that the digenean intestinal parasites accumulate heavy metals pollutants in a significant manner and are important model for monitoring pollution.

4.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8866093, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628339

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is the most common feature of hepatic cirrhosis characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and function and increases permanently the mortality and morbidity rates among those patients. The incidence of sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients ranged 40-70% associating with impaired quality of life and augmented rates of infection. Based on these issues, this review is aimed at determining the prevalence and main causes of sarcopenia among cirrhotic patients and recognizing the recent diagnostic and physical treatment modalities that prevent risk factors for sarcopenia in those patients. No ideal modality is currently demonstrated for diagnosing sarcopenia in hepatic diseases, particularly cirrhosis; however, recent studies reported different diagnostic modalities for muscle function in different individuals including handgrip strength, skeletal muscle index, six-min walk test, liver frailty index, short physical performance battery, and radiological assessments for quadriceps and psoas muscles. Exercise training and therapeutic nutrition are strongly recommended for controlling sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients. The exercise program is designed and carried out on a frequent basis within an extensive scheduled time aimed at improving functional performance, aerobic capacity, and healthy conditions. Finally, a combination of exercise training and therapeutic nutrition is powerfully recommended to control sarcopenia in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Fígado/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Sarcopenia/terapia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/patologia , Fatores Sexuais
5.
Burns ; 47(3): 587-593, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both diabetes mellitus (DM) and burn injuries lead to physical and psychological impairments. Foot burns are still a challenging health condition because of its important sensory role. No previous studies have assessed the physical therapy intervention on diabetic patients with foot burns. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the potential efficacy of sensorimotor exercise on pain, proprioception, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. METHODS: Between July 2019 and February 2020, thirty-three diabetic patients with foot burns, aged 32 to 46yrs, were enrolled in this randomized control study, and randomized consecutively into two groups, study group (n=16) and control group (n=17). The study group underwent a sensorimotor exercise program thrice a week for 12 consecutive weeks, however the control group did not undergo the exercise intervention. Both groups were instructed to conduct home exercises. Visual analogue scale (VAS), proprioceptive responses, time-up and go (TUG) values, and short form-36 (SF-36) have been assessed prior and subsequent to the study intervention. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between groups regarding baseline data (p˃0.05). Subsequent to 12wk intervention, the study group showed significant improvements in outcome measures (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.003, and SF-36, p˂0.001) and the control group exhibited significant changes in VAS and SF-36 (p=0.004, p=0.043 respectively) however, no significant changes were found in proprioceptive responses and TUG values (p˃0.05). Between groups, the post-intervention comparison demonstrated statistical differences with tending toward the study group (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.013, and SF-36, p=0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Sensorimotor exercise training may improve, pain, proprioceptive responses, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. Physiotherapists and rehabilitation providers should include the sensorimotor exercise in their protocols in the treatment of diabetic patients with foot burns.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/complicações , Terapia por Exercício/normas , Traumatismos do Pé/complicações , Córtex Sensório-Motor/lesões , Adulto , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pé/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/normas , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição da Dor , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Córtex Sensório-Motor/fisiopatologia , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (chronic nsLBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders leading to disabilities and physical inactivity. Laser therapy was used in chronic nsLBP treatment; however, no previous studies have assessed the impacts of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) versus low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on chronic nsLBP. This study compared the effects of HILT versus LLLT on individuals suffering from chronic nsLBP. METHODS: The study was a randomized control trial. Sixty individuals with chronic nsLBP were enrolled in this study between May and November 2019. All participants were clinically diagnosed with chronic nsLBP. They were assigned randomly into three groups, 20 in each group. The first group received a program of LLLT, the second group received a program of HILT, and the third did not receive laser therapy (control group). Pain severity, disability, lumbar mobility, and quality of life were assessed before and after 12-week intervention. RESULTS: Both LLLT and HILT groups showed a significant improvement of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scale (VAS), lumbar range of motion (ROM), and European Quality of Life (EuroQol) scores (p > 0.05), while the control group did not show significant changes (p > 0.05). Comparison among the three study groups postintervention showed significant differences in the outcome measures (p > 0.05), while comparison between the LLLT and HILT groups showed nonsignificant differences (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: There are no different influences of LLLT versus HILT on chronic nsLBP patients. Both LLLT and HILT reduce pain and disability and improve lumbar mobility and quality of life in chronic nsLBP patients.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Limited studies have assessed the effect of moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise on hepatic fat content and visceral lipids in hepatic patients with diabesity. This study was designed to evaluate hepatic fat content and visceral lipids following moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise in hepatic patients with diabesity. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomised controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty-one diabetic obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease were recruited into this study. The patients were randomly classified into exercise and control groups, fifteen patients in the exercise group and sixteen patients in the control group. The exercise group received an 8-week moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise program with standard medical treatment, while the control group received standard medical treatment without any exercise program. Hepatic fat content and visceral lipids were assessed before and after intervention at the end of the study. RESULTS: Baseline and clinical characteristics showed a nonsignificant difference between the two groups (p > 0.05). At the end of the intervention, the aerobic exercise showed significant improvements (serum triglycerides and low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), p ≤ 0.002, total cholesterol, p=0.004, visceral fats, p=0.016, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), p=0.022, high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), p=0.038, alanine transaminases (AL), p=0.044, intrahepatic triglyceride and HOMA-IR, p=0.046, and body mass index (BMI), p=0.047), while the control group showed a nonsignificant difference (p > 0.05). The postintervention analysis showed significant differences in favor of the aerobic exercise group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise reduces the hepatic fat content and visceral lipids in hepatic patients with diabesity. Recommendations should be prescribed for encouraging moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training, particularly hepatic patients with diabesity.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(17): e19950, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332676

RESUMO

Neck circumference (NC) is an attractive method for determining overweight and obesity in school age children because it is inexpensive and culturally acceptable. However, this technique has not been assessed for its accuracy in school children from countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which have high prevalence of overweight and obesity.The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the correlation between the body mass index (BMI), NC, and waist-hip ratio and demographic characteristics among 10- to 18-year-old adolescent school children in Bahrain.BMI was calculated using Center of Disease Control and Prevention Children's BMI Tool for Schools. Data was collected for a total of n = 397 adolescents from 4 different private schools with an average age of 12.91 years; 57.7% were male and 42.3% female.In this sample of adolescents, 50.1% were either overweight (21.4%) or obese (28.7%). BMI was significantly associated with waist-hip ratio (P < .01), gender (P < .05), and age (P < .01). Multiple linear regressions revealed that NC was significantly associated with age (P < .001) and less so with gender (P = .071) and BMI was significantly associated with NC (P < .01), gender (P < .01), and age (P < .05). Analysis of the receiver operating characteristic for males and females combined showed fair sensitivity and specificity (Area under the curve (AUC) = 0.707; 95% CI: 0.656, 0.758).NC is weakly correlated with BMI, and only a fair instrument for identifying overweight/obesity based on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Therefore, NC could only be used as an adjunct screening tool for weight status in this sample.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Pescoço , Obesidade Pediátrica/classificação , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Adolescente , Barein/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Prevalência
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19513, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176099

RESUMO

A good mobile phone design may increase the productivity of users, as well as their comfort. To achieve mobile users' satisfaction, there is a need to come up with an ideal measurement that would not strain the human's body parts used to control the devices.To investigate the correlation between smartphone and hand anthropometry measurements and the development of hand discomfort and pain.89 Ahlia University students between the ages of 17- and 30-year-old participated in this study. Participants completed a demographic data sheet and had both of their hand dimensions and grip strength measured.A total number of 89 participants were recruited in this study with (57.3%) females and (42.7%) males. 38% have had hand pain recently while 61.8% did not experience any hand pain. There was weak negative correlation between the phone size (r = -0.04, P = .7), hand size (r = -0.08, P = .5), and the hand grip strength (r = -0.03, P = .7) all with the reporting of hand pain. For the phone screen size and the hand lengths (r = 0.22, P = .13) there was weak positive correlation.Mobile phone manufacturers should take into account the users' comfort when designing their phones as this could lead to hand pain and other musculoskeletal problems. Furthermore, hand pain is multifactorial so hand size; phone size and grip strength may be taken into account.


Assuntos
Antropometria , Traumatismos da Mão/etiologia , Força da Mão , Dor/etiologia , Smartphone , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Traumatismos da Mão/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Valores de Referência , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e19471, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies assessed the effect of aerobic exercise on diabetic obese patients with hepatic disease, while very limited studies compared high-intensity interval (HII) versus moderate-intensity continuous (MIC) on diabetic obese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the effects of HII versus MIC on intrahepatic triglycerides (IHTG) and visceral lipids in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Forty-seven diabetic obese individuals with NAFLD were enrolled in this study. The individuals were randomly divided into 16 in HII group, 15 in MIC group, and 16 in the controls. HII group received HII exercise, MIC group received 8-week MIC exercise while the control group did not receive any exercise intervention. IHTG and visceral lipids were assessed pre- and post-intervention. RESULTS: Baseline and clinical characteristics showed nonsignificant difference among the 3 groups (P > .05). Both HII and MIC groups showed a significant reduction in hepatic fat and visceral lipids (P < .05), while the controls showed nonsignificant difference (P > .05) after completing the study intervention. Postintervention analysis showed nonsignificant changes between the HII and MIC groups (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Exercise training wither HII or MIC aerobic exercise reduces IHGT and visceral lipids in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. No differences were observed between the effects of both exercise programs on diabetic obese patients with NAFLD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Lipídeos/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Obesidade/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Afr Health Sci ; 20(1): 368-375, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoking or environmental tobacco smoke is a critical health risk. Children are the most vulnerable to second-hand smoking because of their small bronchial ducts, less developed immunity, and low-physical activity. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the effects of second-hand smoking on lung functions in athlete and non-athlete school-aged children. METHODS: This observational study included forty-six school-aged children, their age was 8-15 years, assigned to three groups; 2 study groups and 1 control group (n=15). The study groups comprised of 16 football players, and of 15 cyclists. Lung functions were evaluated recording forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec and peak expiratory flow using digital spirometer. RESULTS: All measures were recorded in definite values and the children were also classified into second-hand smoking (SH), or non-exposed to tobacco smoking (NE). The findings presented a significant increase (p<0.05) of the study groups in forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec and peak expiratory flow solely for the non-exposed children. However, there were non-significant differences between the cyclists and football players or between the passive smoking children and non-exposed children in any of the two study groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The outcomes of this study suggest beneficial influences of the sports activity on the lung functions, without different influences of the cyclists and football players on the lung functions.


Assuntos
Atletas , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Função Respiratória , Espirometria , Capacidade Vital
12.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e1017, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Psychiatric depression disorder is common in patients with systolic congestive heart failure (HF), and both conditions share underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. The incidence rate of depression disorder has clearly increased with the increase in HF manifestations in recent decades. Depression disorder is considered an independent predisposing factor for hospitalization, disturbed functional performance, and high rates of morbidity and mortality in HF patients. This randomized controlled study was designed to examine the impacts of low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training on depression status in patients with systolic congestive HF. METHODS: A total of 46 systolic congestive HF patients with depression (40-60 years of age) were randomized to receive twelve weeks of mild- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise plus standard medical treatment (exercise group) or standard medical treatment without any exercise intervention (control group). Depression status was examined using the validated Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9) pre- and post-intervention at the end of the study program. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between the exercise and control groups in demographic data or clinical characteristics (p>0.05). Both study groups showed a significant reduction in depression status at the end of the 12-week intervention (p<0.05). The comparison between the mean values of the depression scores showed significant differences between the two groups after 6 and 12 weeks of the intervention, indicating a greater reduction in depression scores in the exercise group than in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of a low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program was safe and effective for reducing depression severity in patients with systolic congestive HF. Low- to moderate-intensity aerobic training should be recommended for cardiac patients, particularly those with HF-related depression.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
13.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 18: 1534735419847276, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer stands out among the most widely recognized forms of cancer among women. It has been observed that upper extremity lymphedema is one of the most risky and prevalent complication following breast cancer surgery that prompts functional impairment, psychological, and social problems. PURPOSE: To compare the effects of Kinesio taping and the application of the pressure garment on secondary lymphedema of the upper extremity. METHODS: 66 women were randomly allocated to the Kinesio taping (KT) group (n=33) and pressure garment (PG) group (n=33). The KT group received Kinesio taping application (2 times per week for 3 weeks), while the PG group received pressure garment (20- 60 mmHg) for at least 15-18 hours per day for 3 weeks. The outcome measures were limb circumference, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index questionnaire (SPADI), hand grip strength, and quality of life at the baseline and end of intervention. RESULTS: The sum of limb circumferences, SPADI, hand grip strength, and quality of life significantly improved after treatment in the KT group (P<0.05). While the PG group showed no significant improvement in SPADI, hand grip strength, physical, role, pain, and fatigue score p>0.05, while the sum of limb circumferences significantly decreased (P<0.05). Significant differences were observed between the KT and PG groups at the end of the intervention (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: KT had significant changes in limb circumference, SPADI, hand grip strength and overall quality of life than PG in the treatment of subjects diagnosed with lymphedema after mastectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfedema/terapia , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Extremidade Superior/fisiopatologia , Fita Atlética , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Mastectomia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Dor de Ombro/etiologia , Dor de Ombro/terapia , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(12): e14918, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medications are limited for patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It has been reported that aerobic exercise is effective in reducing the characteristics of NAFLD, although unclear data have ascertained the effects of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. OBJECTIVES: This a randomized controlled trial aimed to ascertain the effectiveness of 8-week high-intensity interval exercise on intrahepatic triglycerides (IHTG), visceral lipids and HRQoL in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. STUDY DESIGN: Between August and December 2017, 32 diabetic obese patients with NAFLD aged 45 to 60 years (21 men and 11 women) were enrolled in this study. They were randomly assigned to 2 groups, 16 patients in each group, high-intensity interval (HII) exercise and control groups. The HII group received a program of HII aerobic exercise for 8 weeks with medications of NAFLD and the control group received only medications without any type of exercise intervention. The test of IHTG, visceral lipids, and HRQoL were recorded at the initial assessment and at the end of the program after 8 weeks. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the 2 groups at the end of the study. These study findings exhibited significant improvements in IHTG, VO2peak, visceral lipids, glycohemoglobin, plasma glucose, and all dimensions of HRQoL in the HII group (P <.05), But there was non-significant improvement in any measure in the control group (P >.05) after the 8-week intervention. CONCLUSION: Eight-week high-intensity interval aerobic exercise has a beneficial effect on IHTG, visceral lipids, and HRQoL in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. Effort and awareness should be dedicated to encouraging the active lifestyle among different population, especially diabetic obese patients with NAFLD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Lipídeos/sangue , Obesidade/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Glicemia , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Triglicerídeos/sangue
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(11): e14895, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882705

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the association between physical activity level and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle aged and older adults in Egypt. Between May and August 2017, a cross-sectional study of 184 middle-aged and older adults between the ages of 55 and 64 years old (129 males and 55 females) with a mean age of 58 ±â€Š4.3 years old participated in this study. Study participants were classified into 3 groups based on their level of physical activity (walking duration); low level of physical activity (<150 minutes/week), moderate level of physical activity (150-300 minutes/week), and high level of physical activity (>300 minutes/week). The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was calculated using the Euro-Quality of life-5dimensions-3 levels scale questionnaire (EuroQol-5D-3L). Spearman's correlation coefficient was performed to determine the correlation between the physical activity level and HRQoL scores in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. The results showed a significant correlation between the physical activity levels and HRQoL dimensions. Significant differences were observed in the HRQoL scores between high, moderate and low-physical activity groups (P < .05). The moderate and high-physical activity groups had significantly higher HRQoL scores in all dimensions than low-physical activity group. The low-physical activity group showed a high predominance of the chronic disease compared to the high and moderate physical activity groups. It was concluded that high and moderate levels of physical activity have a great positive relationship with the HRQoL in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults in Egypt. Recommendations should be dedicated to supporting the active lifestyle among the different population, particularly middle-aged and older adults.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Vida Independente/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Egito , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Physiotherapy ; 105(3): 338-345, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence is common in men after prostate cancer surgery. Rehabilitative interventions incorporate pelvic floor muscle training, biofeedback, electrical stimulation, lifestyle changes, or a combination of these strategies. However, little is known about the physiological impact of whole-body vibration for stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of whole-body vibration training on stress urinary incontinence after prostate cancer surgery. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary university hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-one patients with mild stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. INTERVENTION: Group 1 included 30 patients who performed pelvic floor muscle training and whole-body vibration training with a frequency and amplitude of 20Hz/2mm for the first two sessions and 40Hz/4mm for the rest of the intervention. Group 2 included 31 patients who performed pelvic floor muscle training alone. The intervention in both groups was conducted three times per week for 4 weeks. MAIN OUTCOMES: Incontinence Visual Analogue Scale (I-VAS) score, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF) score and 24-hour pad test result. RESULTS: I-VAS score, ICIQ-UI-SF score and 24-hour pad test result showed significant within-group differences at each assessment with the exception of the baseline and post-intervention I-VAS score in Group 2. For example, Group 1 I-VAS score had a median difference of 3.9cm [95% confidence interval (CI) -4.0 to -3.8] from baseline to first follow-up, and a median difference of -2.0cm (95% CI -2.2 to -1.8) at 4-week follow-up. Comparisons between the groups demonstrated significant differences in favour of Group 1 after 4 weeks of intervention and at follow-up for all measured parameters. CONCLUSION: Whole-body vibration training is an effective modality for treating patients with stress urinary incontinence after prostatectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrial.gov (NCT03325660).


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia , Vibração , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia
17.
Lasers Med Sci ; 34(4): 793-800, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30334124

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of laser photobiomodulation therapy (lPBMt) and ultrasound therapy (UST) in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP). Forty-five patients with CNLBP aged 30-40 years were divided randomly into three groups of 15 subjects each. The lPBMt group received 8 weeks of lPBMt with an exercise program, while the UST group received 8 weeks of UST with the same exercise program; the control group received only the exercise program for 8 weeks. Pain, disability, functional performance, and lumbar range of motion were assessed at the beginning of the study and after 8 weeks. There were no significant differences in demographic and clinical characteristics among the three groups at baseline (p > 0.05). At the end of the study, there were significant improvements in pain, disability, and functional performance in the two experimental groups (p < 0.05), but changes in the control group were non-significant. However, lumbar range of motion was significantly improved only in the lPBMt group (p < 0.05). When the three groups were compared in terms of a change in clinical variables, there was a significant difference among the three groups in all measures in favor of lPBMt group. Based on our results, both lPBMt or UST combined with an 8-week exercise program seemed to be effective methods for decreasing pain, reducing disability, and increasing functional performance in patients with CNLBP, although lPBMt is more effective than UST.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/terapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Terapia por Ultrassom , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar/radioterapia , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Clinics ; 74: e1017, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Psychiatric depression disorder is common in patients with systolic congestive heart failure (HF), and both conditions share underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. The incidence rate of depression disorder has clearly increased with the increase in HF manifestations in recent decades. Depression disorder is considered an independent predisposing factor for hospitalization, disturbed functional performance, and high rates of morbidity and mortality in HF patients. This randomized controlled study was designed to examine the impacts of low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training on depression status in patients with systolic congestive HF. METHODS: A total of 46 systolic congestive HF patients with depression (40-60 years of age) were randomized to receive twelve weeks of mild- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise plus standard medical treatment (exercise group) or standard medical treatment without any exercise intervention (control group). Depression status was examined using the validated Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9) pre- and post-intervention at the end of the study program. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between the exercise and control groups in demographic data or clinical characteristics (p>0.05). Both study groups showed a significant reduction in depression status at the end of the 12-week intervention (p<0.05). The comparison between the mean values of the depression scores showed significant differences between the two groups after 6 and 12 weeks of the intervention, indicating a greater reduction in depression scores in the exercise group than in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of a low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program was safe and effective for reducing depression severity in patients with systolic congestive HF. Low- to moderate-intensity aerobic training should be recommended for cardiac patients, particularly those with HF-related depression.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
19.
Res Rep Urol ; 10: 95-101, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30271759

RESUMO

Background: A significant number of men who are younger than 50 years visit urologists for interminable prostatitis. This study aimed to thoroughly investigate the effect of pumpkin seed oil (PSO) phonophoresis on chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (CNBP). Subjects and methods: Sixty patients with CNBP were randomly assigned to three groups: Group A, wherein patients were treated with PSO using phonophoresis; Group B, where patients underwent transperineal continuous low-intensity ultrasound (LIUS); and Group C, wherein patients underwent placebo LIUS. All three groups received their corresponding treatments daily for up to 3 weeks. The NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI), residual urine determined by urodynamic measurements, and flow rate were used to analyze study outcomes. The white blood cell (WBC) count in the prostatic secretion was determined. Results: Comparisons of the intragroup mean values of all measurements in Groups A and B before and after the end of the treatment showed a significant improvement in residual urine, flow rate, WBC count, and NIH-CPSI (p < 0.05), whereas no significant change was found in Group C (p > 0.05). Between-group comparisons of all variables showed a significant difference was found after intervention (p < 0.05). Postintervention comparisons between Groups A and B showed a significant difference in all measurements, except for WBC, in favor of Group A. Comparing the changes between Groups A and C, a significant difference was found in all measurements (p < 0.05). Furthermore, all parameters differed significantly when comparing Groups B and C (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The current study showed that PSO phonophoresis can produce a significant effect in the management of CNBP and can, therefore, be considered a safe, noninvasive method for the treatment of CNBP.

20.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 12: 1015-1023, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942118

RESUMO

Background: It has been documented that aerobic exercise may increase pulmonary functions and aerobic capacity, but limited data has evaluated a child's satisfaction and pediatric quality of life (PQoL) with exercise training. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effects of moderate-intensity exercise training on asthmatic school-aged children. Subjects and methods: This study included 38 school-aged children with asthma (23 males and 15 females) aged between 8-12 years. They were randomly assigned to two groups, aerobic exercise (AE) and conventional treatment (Con ttt) groups. The AE group received a program of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for 10 weeks with asthma medications and the Con ttt group received only asthma medications without exercise intervention. A home respiratory exercise was recommended for the two groups. Aerobic capacity was investigated using maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), and fatigue index. PQoL was evaluated using Pediatric Quality of Life Questionnaire (PQoLQ). Also, pulmonary function tests were performed, and the results recorded. Results: The findings of this study showed significant improvements in pulmonary functions and VO2max in the two groups; however, this improvement was significantly higher in the AE group than in the Con ttt group (p<0.05). The 6MWT and fatigue index improved in the AE group (p<0.05) but not in the Con ttt group (p>0.05). All dimensions of PQoL significantly improved in the AE group (p<0.05), but there was no significant improvement in the Con ttt group after the 10-week intervention period (p>0.05). Conclusion: Ten weeks of physical exercise had beneficial effects on pulmonary functions, aerobic capacity, and PQoL in school-aged children with asthma. Effort and awareness should be dedicated to encouraging the active lifestyle among different populations, especially asthmatic children.

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