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1.
Genomics ; 112(2): 1853-1860, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678151

RESUMO

To increase the current understanding of the gene-expression profiles in different skin regions associated with different coat colors and identify key genes for the regulation of color patterns in goats, we used the Illumina RNA-Seq method to compare the skin transcriptomes of the black- and white-coated regions containing hair follicles from the Boer and Macheng Black crossbred goat, which has a black head and a white body. Six cDNA libraries derived from skin samples of the white-coated region (n = 3) and black-coated region (n = 3) were constructed from three full-sib goats. On average, we obtained approximately 76.5 and 73.5 million reads for skin samples from black- and white-coated regions, respectively, of which 75.39% and 76.05% were covered in the genome database. A total of 165 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected between these two color regions, among which 110 were upregulated and 55 were downregulated in the skin samples of white- vs. black-coated regions. The results of Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses revealed that some of these DEGs may play an important role in controlling the pigmentation of skin or hair follicles. We identified three key DEGs, i.e., Agouti, DCT, and TYRP1, in the pathway related to melanogenesis in the different skin regions of the crossbred goat. DCT and TYRP1 were downregulated and Agouti was upregulated in the skin of the white-coated region, suggesting a lack of mature melanocytes in this region and that Agouti might play a key developmental role in color-pattern formation. All data sets (Gene Expression Omnibus) are available via public repositories. In addition, MC1R was genotyped in 200 crossbred goats with a black head and neck. Loss-of-function mutations in MC1R as well as homozygosity for the mutant alleles were widely found in this population. The MC1R gene did not seem to play a major role in determining the black head and neck in our crossbred goats. Our study provides insights into the transcriptional regulation of two distinct coat colors, which might serve as a key resource for understanding coat color pigmentation in goats. The region-specific expression of Agouti may be associated with the distribution of pigments across the body in Boer and Macheng Black crossbred goats.

2.
Protein Eng Des Sel ; 32(6): 271-276, 2019 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828348

RESUMO

The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHc) from Escherichia coli is a large protein complex consisting of multiple copies of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1ec), dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (E2ec) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3ec). The N-terminal domain (NTD, residues 1-55) of E1ec plays a critical role in the interaction between E1ec and E2ec and the whole PDHc activity. Using circular dichroism, size-exclusion chromatography and dynamic light scattering spectroscopy, we show that the NTD of E1ec presents dimeric assembly under physiological condition. Pull-down and isothermal titration calorimetry binding assays revealed that the E2ec peripheral subunit-binding domain (PSBD) forms a very stable complex with the NTD, indicating the isolated NTD functionally interacts with PSBD and the truncated E1ec (E1ec∆NTD) does not interact with PSBD. These findings are important to understand the mechanism of PDHc and other thiamine-based multi-component enzymes.

3.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 85: 156-167, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471022

RESUMO

This study evaluated uranium sequestration performance in iron-rich (30 g/kg) sediment via bioreduction followed by reoxidation. Field tests (1383 days) at Oak Ridge, Tennessee demonstrated that uranium contents in sediments increased after bioreduced sediments were re-exposed to nitrate and oxygen in contaminated groundwater. Bioreduction of contaminated sediments (1200 mg/kg U) with ethanol in microcosm reduced aqueous U from 0.37 to 0.023 mg/L. Aliquots of the bioreduced sediment were reoxidized with O2, H2O2, and NaNO3, respectively, over 285 days, resulting in aqueous U of 0.024, 1.58 and 14.4 mg/L at pH 6.30, 6.63 and 7.62, respectively. The source- and the three reoxidized sediments showed different desorption and adsorption behaviors of U, but all fit a Freundlich model. The adsorption capacities increased sharply at pH 4.5 to 5.5, plateaued at pH 5.5 to 7.0, then decreased sharply as pH increased from 7.0 to 8.0. The O2-reoxidized sediment retained a lower desorption efficiency at pH over 6.0. The NO3--reoxidized sediment exhibited higher adsorption capacity at pH 5.5 to 6.0. The pH-dependent adsorption onto Fe(III) oxides and formation of U coated particles and precipitates resulted in U sequestration, and bioreduction followed by reoxidation can enhance the U sequestration in sediment.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo/metabolismo , Urânio/metabolismo , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo/química , Tennessee , Urânio/química
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 671: 208-214, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928750

RESUMO

In this study, bacterial mercury (Hg) methylation was investigated under the influence of red-tide algae of Skeletonema costatum (S. costatum). The distribution and speciation of total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) were profiled by employing Geobacter metallireducens (G. metallireducens GS-15) as the methylating bacteria. G. metallireducens GS-15 showed different capabilities in methylating different inorganic forms of Hg(II) (HgCl2) and Hg(II)-Algae (HgCl2 captured by S. costatum) to MeHg. In the absence of S. costatum, a maximum methylation efficiency of 4.31 ±â€¯0.47% was achieved with Hg(II) of 1-100 µg L-1, while accelerated MeHg formation rate was detected at a higher initial Hg(II) concentration. In the presence of S. costatum, there were distinct changes in the distribution of THg and MeHg by altering the bioavailability of Hg(II) and Hg(II)-Algae. A larger proportion of THg tended to be retained by a higher algal biomass, resulting in decreased methylation efficiencies. The methylation efficiency of Hg(II) decreased from 3.01 ±â€¯0.10% to 1.01 ±â€¯0.01% with 10-mL and 250-mL algal media, and that of Hg(II)-Algae decreased from 0.83 ±â€¯0.13% to 0.22 ±â€¯0.01% with 10-mL and 250-mL Hg(II)-Algae media. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, surface charge properties and elemental compositions of S. costatum were used to infer that amine, carboxyl and sulfonate functional groups were most likely to interact with Hg(II) through complexation and/or electrostatic attraction. These results suggest that red-tide algae may be an influencing factor on bacterial Hg methylation in eutrophic water bodies.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas/metabolismo , Geobacter/metabolismo , Mercúrio/metabolismo , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Metilação
5.
Toxins (Basel) ; 11(2)2019 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813232

RESUMO

Celangulin V (CV) is a compound isolated from Celastrus angulatus Max that has a toxic activity against agricultural insect pests. CV can bind to subunits a, H, and B of the vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) in the midgut epithelial cells of insects. However, the mechanism of action of CV is still unclear. In this study, the soluble complex of the V-ATPase A subunit mutant TSCA which avoids the feedback inhibition by the hydrolysate ADP and V-ATPase B subunit were obtained and then purified using affinity chromatography. The H⁺K⁺-ATPase activity of the complex and the inhibitory activity of CV on ATP hydrolysis were determined. The results suggest that CV inhibits the ATP hydrolysis, resulting in an insecticidal effect. Additionally, the homology modeling of the AB complex and molecular docking results indicate that CV can competitively bind to the AB complex at the ATP binding site, which inhibits ATP hydrolysis. These findings suggest that the AB subunits complex is one of the potential targets for CV and is important for understanding the mechanism of interaction between CV and V-ATPase.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Haptenos/metabolismo , Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/metabolismo , Animais , Hidrólise , Modelos Moleculares , Mariposas , Subunidades Proteicas/genética , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/genética
7.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(2): 287-297, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30745821

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in mammalian folliculogenesis (a complex process in which primordial follicles develop into mature oocytes) by inhibiting mRNA translation or by inducing its degradation, while the role of miRNA in folliculogenesis and regulation mechanism remain unclear. In this study, we explored the role of the p53/miR-27a/nuclear factor of activated T-cells 5 (NFAT5) signaling axis in mouse ovarian granulosa cell proliferation. Luciferase reporter assay, overexpression, site-directed mutagenesis, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay results showed that the transcription factor p53 significantly decreased the expression level of miR-27a by binding to sites 4 (-646 to -637 bp) and 10 (-50 to -41 bp) of the miR-27a promoter. Moreover, miR-27a directly targeted the 3'-untranslated region of the target gene, NFAT5, to regulate its expression levels. p53 also upregulated the expression of NFAT5. Meanwhile, overexpression of NFAT5 strongly upregulated the mRNA and protein levels of the Wnt signaling genes, ß-catenin and B-Cell CLL/Lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). In addition, NFAT5 promoted mouse granulosa cell proliferation; this was confirmed by EdU/Hoechst immunostaining. Taken together, our findings define a novel pathway p53/miR-27a/NFAT5, and NFAT5 regulates mouse granulosa cell functions via activating Wnt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células da Granulosa/citologia , Humanos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia
8.
Environ Geochem Health ; 41(1): 297-308, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29948539

RESUMO

Using sodium alginate hydrogel as skeleton, in combination with chitosan and magnetic Fe3O4, a new type of magnetic chitosan/sodium alginate gel bead (MCSB) was prepared. Adsorptive removal of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions was studied by using the MCSB as a promising candidate in environmental application. Different kinetics and isotherm models were employed to investigate the adsorption process. Based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscope, CHNS/O elements analysis, vibration magnetometer, and various means of characterization, a comprehensive analysis of the adsorption mechanism was conducted. The MCSB had a good magnetic performance with a saturation magnetization of 12.5 emu/g. Elemental analysis proved that the addition of chitosan introduced a considerable amount of nitrogen-rich groups, contributing significantly to copper adsorption onto gel beads. The contact time necessary for adsorption was optimized at 120 min to achieve equilibrium. Experimental data showed that the adsorption process agreed well with the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetics model. The theoretical maximum adsorption capacity of MCSB for Cu(II) could reach as high as 124.53 mg/g. In conclusion, the MCSB in this study is a novel and promising composite adsorbent, which can be applied for practical applications in due course.


Assuntos
Alginatos/química , Quitosana/química , Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Nanosferas/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Nanosferas/ultraestrutura , Termodinâmica
9.
Accid Anal Prev ; 122: 127-133, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30343164

RESUMO

The violation activity of non-motorized vehicles riding in motorized vehicle lanes interferes roadway traffic serious, as it can not only seriously depreciate the efficiency of motorized vehicle traffic, but also raise possibility of triggering traffic accidents. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate intrinsic features of unlawful non-motorized vehicles' violation behaviors of riding on motorized vehicle lanes. The binary logistic regression model was proposed to find inherent reasons of triggering such misbehaviors. The misbehaviors of non-motorized vehicles (including regular bicycles, electric bicycles and human-powered tricycles) at seven sections, located at Hefei, China, were collected and studied. The experimental results indicate that male traffic participants exhibit higher rates of traffic violations than females, and rainy days shows higher misbehaviors than sunny and cloudy days. Another finding is that morning peak violation rate is higher than the evening peak and non-peak hours due to the fact people are in hurry for work. The traffic density of motorized vehicles and the traffic density of non-motorized vehicles strongly affect illegal occupancy behavior. The effect of dividing strip type and non-motorized vehicle type on lane illegal occupancy behavior are significant. We find that the average lane illegal occupancy rate of non-motorized vehicle is 36.1% which suggests that over one-third of non-motorized riders violate traffic rules. The findings of this study can help traffic authorities, road construction departments and traffic participants perform effective and efficient measurements to improve road traffic safety.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Ciclismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Ambiente Construído , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Ciclismo/legislação & jurisprudência , Ambiente Construído/legislação & jurisprudência , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Assunção de Riscos , Gravação em Vídeo
10.
Chemosphere ; 216: 179-185, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30368082

RESUMO

Algae and mercury (Hg) are ubiquitous in marine environments. In this study, we investigated the effects of a typical marine algae of diatom Skeletonema costatum on Hg methylation by an iron-reducing bacterium of Geobacter sulfurreducens (G. sulfurreducens) PCA. In the absence of Skeletonema costatum, the bacterial MeHg production rate maximized at 104.06 ±â€¯11.7 ng L-1 h-1 with a high Hg level, while the highest methylation efficiency was achieved at a low Hg concentration. The existence of Skeletonema costatum greatly inhibited the capability of G. sulfurreducens PCA to methylate Hg. With the increase in algal biomass, there was a significant mitigation of MeHg formation and Hg0 release, leaving a considerable proportion of immobilized Hg2+ species (up to 47%) associated with algal cell materials. These results suggest that marine algae are crucial in determining the bioavailability of Hg contaminants and the methylating potential of G. sulfurreducens PCA.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas/patogenicidade , Geobacter/metabolismo , Mercúrio/metabolismo , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/metabolismo , Disponibilidade Biológica , Biomassa , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Metilação
11.
Viruses ; 12(1)2019 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905776

RESUMO

MYH9 has been identified as an indispensable cellular protein for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) entry into permissive cells using the monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody (Mab2-5G2) recognizing an antibody that specifically interacts with PRRSV glycoprotein 5 (GP5). More recently, we found that Mab2-5G2 interacted with the MYH9 C-terminal domain, designated PRA, which is required for PRRSV internalization. In this study, we demonstrate that blocking of MYH9 with Mab2-5G2 significantly diminished PRRSV internalization by porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) via interruption of direct interaction between GP5 and MYH9, and thus remarkably inhibited subsequent infection of PAMs by PRRSV-2 isolates. Moreover, the three-dimensional structure of the Mab2-5G2 Fab-PRA complex determined via homology modeling predicted potential docking sites required for PRRSV internalization. Further analysis of Mab2-5G2-binding sites within PRA highlighted that the amino acids E1670, K1673, E1679, and I1683 in PRA are the key Mab2-5G2-binding residues. Notably, recombinant PRA protein blocked the interaction between PRRSV GP5 and cellular MYH9 by preventing translocation of MYH9 from the cytoplasm to the cell membrane, an essential step for PRRSV virion internalization. Meanwhile, porcine cell line permissive for PRRSV bearing point mutation of E1670A in MYH9 demonstrated reduced susceptibility for PRRSV infection. In conclusion, this work increases understanding of both PRRSV pathogenesis and the mechanistic role played by MYH9 in PRRSV infection.

12.
Chemosphere ; 212: 262-271, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30145418

RESUMO

Academics researchers and "citizen scientists" from 22 countries confirmed that yellow mealworms, the larvae of Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus, can survive by eating polystyrene (PS) foam. More detailed assessments of this capability for mealworms were carried out by12 sources: five from the USA, six from China, and one from Northern Ireland. All of these mealworms digested PS foam. PS mass decreased and depolymerization was observed, with appearance of lower molecular weight residuals and functional groups indicative of oxidative transformations in extracts from the frass (insect excrement). An addition of gentamycin (30 mg g-1), a bactericidal antibiotic, inhibited depolymerization, implicating the gut microbiome in the biodegradation process. Microbial community analyses demonstrated significant taxonomic shifts for mealworms fed diets of PS plus bran and PS alone. The results indicate that mealworms from diverse locations eat and metabolize PS and support the hypothesis that this capacity is independent of the geographic origin of the mealworms, and is likely ubiquitous to members of this species.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Besouros/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Larva/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , China , Besouros/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Gentamicinas/farmacologia , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
13.
Gigascience ; 7(5)2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29762663

RESUMO

Background: Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), a recently domesticated poultry species, is important not only as an agricultural product, but also as a model bird species for genetic research. However, most of the biological questions concerning genomics, phylogenetics, and genetics of some important economic traits have not been answered. It is thus necessary to complete a high-quality genome sequence as well as a series of comparative genomics, evolution, and functional studies. Results: Here, we present a quail genome assembly spanning 1.04 Gb with 86.63% of sequences anchored to 30 chromosomes (28 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes Z/W). Our genomic data have resolved the long-term debate of phylogeny among Perdicinae (Japanese quail), Meleagridinae (turkey), and Phasianinae (chicken). Comparative genomics and functional genomic data found that four candidate genes involved in early maturation had experienced positive selection, and one of them encodes follicle stimulating hormone beta (FSHß), which is correlated with different FSHß levels in quail and chicken. We re-sequenced 31 quails (10 wild, 11 egg-type, and 10 meat-type) and identified 18 and 26 candidate selective sweep regions in the egg-type and meat-type lines, respectively. That only one of them is shared between egg-type and meat-type lines suggests that they were subject to an independent selection. We also detected a haplotype on chromosome Z, which was closely linked with maroon/yellow plumage in quail using population resequencing and a genome-wide association study. This haplotype block will be useful for quail breeding programs. Conclusions: This study provided a high-quality quail reference genome, identified quail-specific genes, and resolved quail phylogeny. We have identified genes related to quail early maturation and a marker for plumage color, which is significant for quail breeding. These results will facilitate biological discovery in quails and help us elucidate the evolutionary processes within the Phasianidae family.


Assuntos
Genética Populacional , Genômica/métodos , Codorniz/genética , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Cromossomos/genética , Plumas/fisiologia , Genoma , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Sistema Imunitário/metabolismo , Família Multigênica , Nucleotídeos/genética , Filogenia , Pigmentação/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Seleção Genética , Maturidade Sexual/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(3)2018 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29518009

RESUMO

miR-25, a member of the miR-106b-25 cluster, has been reported as playing an important role in many biological processes by numerous studies, while the role of miR-25 in metabolism and its transcriptional regulation mechanism remain unclear. In this study, gain-of-function and loss-of-function assays demonstrated that miR-25-3p positively regulated the metabolism of C2C12 cells by attenuating phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) gene expression and triglyceride (TG) content, and enhancing the content of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, the results from bioinformatics analysis, dual luciferase assay, site-directed mutagenesis, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting demonstrated that miR-25-3p directly targeted the AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (Akt1) 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). The core promoter of miR-25-3p was identified, and the transcription factor activator protein-2α (AP-2α) significantly increased the expression of mature miR-25-3p by binding to its core promoter in vivo, as indicated by the chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay, and AP-2α binding also downregulated the expression of Akt1. Taken together, our findings suggest that miR-25-3p, positively regulated by the transcription factor AP-2α, enhances C2C12 cell metabolism by targeting the Akt1 gene.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mioblastos/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-2/metabolismo
15.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 410(4): 1323-1331, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29222654

RESUMO

A simple sample preparation method requiring minimal organic solvents is proposed for the determination of the total phthalate content in cosmetics by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The hydrolysis of phthalates and purification of interfering substances were performed in a three-phase system that included an upper n-hexane phase, a middle ethanol phase, and a lower aqueous alkali solution. This three-phase system utilized an incremental purification strategy. The apolar ingredients were extracted with n-hexane, the polar pigments accumulated in the ethanol phase, and the hydrolysis product, phthalic acid, remained in the hydrolysate. Under the optimized conditions, the correlation coefficients (r) for the calibration curves were 0.998-0.999 in the range 0.60-12 mol L-1. The limit of detection was 5.1 µmol kg-1, and the limit of quantification was 9.2 µmol kg-1. The recoveries varied from 84 to 97% with RSDs equal to or lower than 11%. The intra-day and inter-day repeatability values, expressed as the relative standard deviation, were less than 8.7 and 9.8, respectively. No obvious matrix effect existed in the different cosmetics matrices. The validated method was applied for the analysis of 57 commercial cosmetic samples. Graphical abstract Analysis of phthalates in cosmetics using a three-phase preparation method.


Assuntos
Cosméticos/química , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , Calibragem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Hidrólise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
16.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 583, 2017 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29110246

RESUMO

Three kinds of functional monomers, 4-vinylpridine(4-VP), 2-(allylthio)nicotinic acid(ANA), and 2-Acetamidoacrylic acid(AAA), were used to synthetize palladium(II) ion-imprinted polymeric nanospheres (Pd(II) IIPs) via precipitation-polymerization method in order to study the effects of different functional monomers on the adsorption properties of ion-imprinted materials. The results of UV spectra in order to study the interaction between template ion PdCl42- and functional monomers showed that there were great differences in structure after the template reacted with three functional monomers, 4-VP and ANA caused a large structural change, while AAA basically did not change. Further results on the adsorption performance of Pd(II) IIPs on Pd(II) confirmed 4-VP was the most promising candidate for the synthesis of Pd(II) IIPs with an adsorption capacity of 5.042 mg/g as compared with ANA and AAA. The influence of operating parameters on Pd(II) IIP's performance on Pd(II) adsorption was investigated. There was an increase in the adsorption capacity of Pd(II) IIPs at higher pH, temperature, and initial concentration of Pd(II). The results of multi-metal competitive adsorption experiments showed that Pd(II) IIPs had selectivity for Pd(II). An adsorption equilibrium could be reached at 180 min. Kinetic analysis showed that the adsorption test data fitted best to the pseudo-second order kinetic model, and the theoretical equilibrium adsorption capacity was about 5.085 mg/g. The adsorption isotherms of Pd(II) by Pd(II) IIPs agreed well with the Freundlich equation, suggesting a favorable adsorption reaction under optimal conditions. These results showed that Pd(II) IIPs have potential application in the removal of Pd(II) from aqueous solutions and may provide some information for the selection of functional monomers in the preparation of Pd(II) IIPs.

17.
Genomics ; 2017 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29107014

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a new class of non-coding RNAs in animals and are a novel target of non-coding RNA (ncRNA) regulation. The mechanism and function of circRNAs have been reported in some species and tissues. However, there is little available information on the functions of circRNAs in the goat reproductive system. In the present study, we deeply sequenced and analyzed circRNAs through bioinformatics to reveal the expression profiles, and predicted 13,950 circRNAs in the pre-ovulatory ovarian follicles of goats for the first time. Thirty-seven circRNAs were differentially expressed in the Boer goat compared with the Macheng black goat. The chi_circ_0008219 was involved in a vast circRNA-miRNA-mRNA co-expression network. Via a luciferase activity assay, chi_circ_0008219 is observed to sponge to 3 ovarian follicle-related miRNAs. These findings demonstrate that circRNAs have potential effects in the ovarian follicles of ewes and may represent a promising new research field in ovarian follicular development.

18.
Front Microbiol ; 8: 853, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28553277

RESUMO

Non-structural protein 7 (NSP7), which can be further cleaved into NSP7α and NSP7ß, is one of the most conserved proteins of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). NSP7 plays a role in provoking the humoral immune system in PRRSV-infected swine, but its structure and function are still not fully understood. Here, we analyzed the expression of NSP7, NSP7α, and NSP7ß in PRRSV-infected MARC-145 cells. The solution structure of NSP7α was determined by using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Although the structure provided little clue to its function, based on the structure of NSP7α, we predicted and further identified some key amino acids on NSP7α for the interaction of NSP7α with NSP9, the RNA dependent RNA polymerase of PRRSV. This study provided some new insights into the structure and function of PRRSV NSP7.

19.
J Sep Sci ; 40(12): 2662-2670, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28436170

RESUMO

The current routes to couple dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with capillary electrophoresis are the evaporation of water immiscible extractants and the back-extraction of analytes. In this study, a new methodology for this combination using water-in-oil microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography coupled with normal stacking mode on-line sample concentration was developed to analyze chlorophenols in water samples. The analytes were extracted with tributyl phosphate and the extractant dilution (3×) was directly injected into an electrophoresis buffer (7.7 cm) containing 5% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 78% 1-butanol, 2% 1-heptane, and 15% sodium acetate solution (pH 8.0). This proposed method is very simple and convenient compared to the conventional procedures. The key parameters affecting separation and concentration were systematically optimized. Under the optimized conditions, dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction contributed an enrichment factor of 45-50, and the overall sensitivity improvement was 312-418-fold. Limits of detection between 1.4 and 3.0 ng/mL and limits of quantification between 4.5 and 10.2 ng/mL were achieved. Acceptable repeatability lower than 3.0% for migration time and 9.0% for peak areas were obtained. The developed method was successfully applied for analysis of the chlorophenols in real water samples.

20.
Cell Death Dis ; 8(2): e2597, 2017 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28182010

RESUMO

Mammalian folliculogenesis is a complex process in which primordial follicles develop into pre-ovulatory follicles, followed by ovulation to release mature oocytes. In this study, we explored the role of miR-144 in ovulation. miR-144 was one of the differentially expressed microRNAs, which showed 5.59-fold changes, in pre-ovulatory ovarian follicles between Large White and Chinese Taihu sows detected by Solexa deep sequencing. We demonstrated that overexpression of miR-144 significantly decreased the luciferase reporter activity under the control of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) or mothers against decapentaplegic homologue 4 (Smad4) 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) and suppressed COX-2 and Smad4 expression. In contrast, a miR-144 inhibitor increased COX-2 and Smad4 expression in mouse granulosa cells (mGCs). Meanwhile, Smad4 upregulated COX-2 expression, but this effect was abolished when the mGCs were treated with the transforming growth factor beta signalling pathway inhibitor SB431542. Moreover, luciferase reporter, chromatin immunoprecipitation and electrophoretic mobility shift assay results showed that the transcription factor CP2 upregulated miR-144 expression, which partially contributed to the suppression of COX-2 in mGCs. Both CP2 and miR-144 alter prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production by regulating COX-2 expression. In addition, miR-144 regulated mGC apoptosis and affected follicular atresia, but these activities did not appear to be through COX-2 and Smad4. Taken together, we revealed an important CP2/miR-144/COX-2/PGE2/ovulation pathway in mGCs.


Assuntos
Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/fisiologia , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Células CHO , Células Cultivadas , Cricetulus , Feminino , Camundongos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovulação/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Proteína Smad4/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/fisiologia
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