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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(39): e27254, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear if Pilates is conducive to reducing spinal deformity and improving patients' quality of life (QOL) with scoliosis. The aim of this study was to systematically review the published evidence to determine whether Pilates exercise training is an efficacious therapy for scoliosis. METHODS: Searches was conducted in Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Cochrane library, Baidu Scholar, and Green Medical to identify randomized studies that tested the effect of Pilates exercise training on Cobb angle, pain level, trunk range of motion (ROM), angle of trunk rotation, and QOL in idiopathic scoliosis. Separate meta-analyses were performed on the endpoints of these outcome measures. The PEDro scale was used to assess the methodological quality of the included studies. RESULTS: This review included 10 randomized controlled trials (n = 359). PEDro scores ranged from 3 to 10, with the mean score across all articles being 5.3/10 and judged to be of fair quality. The results indicated that Pilates exercises was effective in reducing Cobb angle (standardized mean difference [SMD] = 1.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.11-2.35), angle of trunk rotation (SMD = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.01-1.73), and pain level (SMD = 2.78, 95% CI = 1.55-4.01), as well as improving trunk ROM (SMD = 1.23, 95% CI = 0.45-2.00), and QOL (SMD = 3.05, 95% CI = 2.59-3.51) in patients with scoliosis. CONCLUSION: Pilates exercise training may reduce the Cobb angle and trunk rotation, relieve pain, increase trunk ROM, and improve QOL for patients with scoliosis. Due to the poor quality of the evidence, however, these results should be interpreted with caution.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610632

RESUMO

A novel peak-fitting assisted SERS (PF-SERS) strategy was developed for the first time to discriminate carboxylic acid enantiomers. The PF-SERS method offered substantial improvement in accuracy, quantitative performance of enantioselective sensing and exceptionally strong enantiomeric recognition ability.

3.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 593, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As reported, 27-93 % of pregnant women take at least one drug during pregnancy. However, drug exposure during pregnancy still lacks sufficient foetal safety evidence of human origin. It is urgent to fill the knowledge gap about medication safety during pregnancy for optimization of maternal disease treatment and pregnancy drug consultation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The China Teratology Birth Cohort (CTBC) was established in 2019 and is a hospital-based open-ended prospective cohort study with the aim of assessing drug safety during pregnancy. Pregnant women who set up the pregnancy health records in the first trimester or who seek drug consultation regardless of gestational age in the member hospitals are recruited. Enrolled pregnant women need to be investigated four times, namely, 6-14 and 24-28 weeks of gestational age, before discharge after hospital delivery, and 28-42 days after birth. Maternal medication exposure during pregnancy is the focus of the CTBC. For drugs, information on the type, name, and route of medication; start and end time of medication; single dose; frequency of medication; dosage form; manufacturer; and reason for medication is collected. The adverse pregnancy outcomes collected in the study include birth defects, stillbirth, spontaneous abortion, preterm birth, post-term birth, low birth weight, macrosomia, small for gestational age, large for gestational age and low Apgar score. CTBC uses an electronic questionnaire for data collection and a cloud system for data management. Biological samples are collected if informed consents are obtained. Multi-level logistic regression, mixed-effect negative binomial distribution regression and spline function regression are used to explore the effect of drugs on the occurrence of birth defects. DISCUSSION: The findings of the study will assist in further understanding the risk of birth defects and other adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal drug exposure and developing the optimal treatment plans and drug counselling for pregnant women. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University and registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx , registration number ChiCTR1900022569 ).

4.
Biol Res ; 54(1): 30, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the effect of miR-146a-5p on trophoblast cell invasion as well as the mechanism in preeclampsia (PE). METHODS: Expression levels of miR-146a-5p and Wnt2 in preeclamptic and normal placentae were quantified. Trophoblast cells (HTR-8) were separately transfected with miR-146a-5p mimic, miR-146a-5p inhibitor, pcDNA3.1-Wnt2 or sh-Wnt2, and then the expression levels of miR-146a-5p, Wnt2, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins (Vimentin, N-cadherin and E-cadherin) were measured. Moreover, the proliferative, migratory and invasive capacities of trophoblast cells were detected, respectively. Dual luciferase reporter assay determined the binding of miR-146a-5p and Wnt2. RESULTS: Compared with normal placental tissues, the placentae from PE patients showed higher miR-146a-5p expression and lower Wnt2 expression. Transfection of miR-146a-5p inhibitor or pcDNA3.1-Wnt2 exerted pro-migratory and pro-invasive effects on HTR-8 cells and encouraged EMT in HTR-8 cells; transfection with miR-146a-5p mimic or sh-Wnt2 weakened the proliferative, migratory and invasive capacities as well as reduced EMT process of HTR-8 cells. Moreover, Wnt2 overexpression could partially counteract the suppressive effects of miR-146a-5p overexpression on the progression and EMT of HTR-8 cells. CONCLUSION: miR-146a-5p mediates trophoblast cell proliferation and invasion through regulating Wnt2 expression.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , MicroRNAs , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Trofoblastos/citologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Placenta , Gravidez
5.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e046609, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of combined scalp acupuncture therapy with speech and language therapy for patients with Broca's aphasia after stroke. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis. SETTINGS: Community health centres. SUBJECTS: A total of 203 participants with Broca's aphasia after stroke who had been randomly assigned to receive scalp acupuncture with speech and language therapy (intervention) or speech and language therapy alone (control). INTERVENTION: Both groups underwent speech and language therapy (30 min per day, 5 days a week, for 4 weeks), while the intervention group simultaneously received scalp acupuncture. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: All outcomes were collected at baseline, and after the 4-week intervention and 12-week follow-up. Cost-effectiveness measures included the Chinese Rehabilitation Research Center Standard Aphasia Examination (CRRCAE) and Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination (BDAE). Cost-utility was evaluated using quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were expressed, and sensitivity analysis was conducted. RESULTS: The total cost to deliver the intervention was €4001.72, whereas it was €4323.57 for the control group. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios showed that the intervention was cost-effective (€495.1 per BDAE grade gained; €1.8 per CRRCAE score gained; €4597.1 per QALYs gained) relative to the control over the 12 weeks. The intervention had a 56.4% probability of being cost-effective at the ¥50 696 (€6905.87) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita threshold. Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the results. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with speech and language therapy alone, the addition of scalp acupuncture was cost-effective in Chinese communities. As the costs of acupuncture services in China are likely to differ from other countries, these results should be carefully interpreted and remain to be confirmed in other populations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR-TRC-13003703.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Afasia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Afasia/etiologia , Afasia/terapia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Terapia da Linguagem , Couro Cabeludo , Fala , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
6.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes(T2D) patients are more prone to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have previously shown that Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agon- ist exendin-4 (Ex-4) reduces tau hyperphosphorylation in T2D animals through upregulating in- sulin signaling, and peripheral injected Ex-4 increases insulin levels in the T2D brain. This study aims to further clarify whether the elevated insulin in the brain is produced by nerve cells under the action of Ex-4. METHODS: The neuronal cell line-HT22 was treated with Ex-4 under high glucose or normal cultiva- tion, and the number of insulin-positive cells as well as the expression levels of insulin synthesis-re- lated genes were examined. The db/db mice were treated with a peripheral injection of Ex-4 and/or intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of siRNA to inhibit the expression of insulin synthesis-relat- ed genes and the behavior tests were carried on. Finally, plasma glucose, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glucose, CSF insulin, phosphorylation of tau, phosphorylation of AKT and GSK-3ß of db/db mice were detected. RESULTS: We found that Ex-4 promoted the expression of insulin synthesis-related genes and in- duced an obvious increase of insulin-positive HT-22 neuronal cells in a high glucose environment. Peripheral injection of Ex-4 improved the cognitive function of db/db mice and increased brain in- sulin levels which activated brain insulin signaling and subsequently alleviated tau hyperphosphory- lation. However, when siRNA-neurod1 was injected to block insulin synthesis, the cognitive func- tion of db/db mice was not improved under the action of Ex-4 anymore. Moreover, the brain in- sulin levels dropped to an extremely low level, and the phosphorylation level of tau increased signi- ficantly. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that Ex-4 improved cognition function by promoting brain in- sulin synthesis followed by the activation of brain insulin signaling and alleviation of tau hyper- phosphorylation.

7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19072, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561508

RESUMO

This study developed somatic embryogenesis protocols for Picea pungens (Engelm), an important ornamental species, including initiation, proliferation, maturation, germination, and acclimation. Somatic embryogenic tissues were induced from mature zygotic embryos of five families, with a frequency of [Formula: see text] 22% for each. Embryogenic tissues (ET) from 13 clones of three families were proliferated for one week, achieving an average rate of 179.1%. The ET of 38 clones of three families were cultured in maturation medium for six weeks; 188 mature embryos on average were counted per gram ET cultured, of which [Formula: see text] 81.1% appeared normal, and each clone developed at least 28 normally matured embryos. A total of 69.9% or more of cotyledonary somatic embryos germinated normally and developed into normal emblings. The experiment of transplanting the emblings into a greenhouse had an average survival rate of 68.5%. Considerable variation among and within families during initiation and proliferation was observed, but this variation decreased in the maturation and germination. Changing the concentration of plant growth regulator of the initiation medium did not significantly change the initiation frequency. We recommend incorporating these protocols into the current Picea pungens practical programs, although further research is essential to increase efficiencies and reduce cost.

8.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(9): e24402, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For rehabilitation training systems, it is essential to automatically record and recognize exercises, especially when more than one type of exercise is performed without a predefined sequence. Most motion recognition methods are based on feature engineering and machine learning algorithms. Time-domain and frequency-domain features are extracted from original time series data collected by sensor nodes. For high-dimensional data, feature selection plays an important role in improving the performance of motion recognition. Existing feature selection methods can be categorized into filter and wrapper methods. Wrapper methods usually achieve better performance than filter methods; however, in most cases, they are computationally intensive, and the feature subset obtained is usually optimized only for the specific learning algorithm. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide a feature selection method for motion recognition of upper-limb exercises and improve the recognition performance. METHODS: Motion data from 5 types of upper-limb exercises performed by 21 participants were collected by a customized inertial measurement unit (IMU) node. A total of 60 time-domain and frequency-domain features were extracted from the original sensor data. A hybrid feature selection method by combining filter and wrapper methods (FESCOM) was proposed to eliminate irrelevant features for motion recognition of upper-limb exercises. In the filter stage, candidate features were first selected from the original feature set according to the significance for motion recognition. In the wrapper stage, k-nearest neighbors (kNN), Naïve Bayes (NB), and random forest (RF) were evaluated as the wrapping components to further refine the features from the candidate feature set. The performance of the proposed FESCOM method was verified using experiments on motion recognition of upper-limb exercises and compared with the traditional wrapper method. RESULTS: Using kNN, NB, and RF as the wrapping components, the classification error rates of the proposed FESCOM method were 1.7%, 8.9%, and 7.4%, respectively, and the feature selection time in each iteration was 13 seconds, 71 seconds, and 541 seconds, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results demonstrated that, in the case of 5 motion types performed by 21 healthy participants, the proposed FESCOM method using kNN and NB as the wrapping components achieved better recognition performance than the traditional wrapper method. The FESCOM method dramatically reduces the search time in the feature selection process. The results also demonstrated that the optimal number of features depends on the classifier. This approach serves to improve feature selection and classification algorithm selection for upper-limb motion recognition based on wearable sensor data, which can be extended to motion recognition of more motion types and participants.

9.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(10): 867, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556631

RESUMO

Some individuals develop prediabetes and/or diabetes following acute pancreatitis (AP). AP-induced beta-cell injury and the limited regenerative capacity of beta cells might account for pancreatic endocrine insufficiency. Previously, we found that only a few pancreatic cytokeratin 5 positive (Krt5+) cells differentiated into beta cells in the murine AP model, which was insufficient to maintain glucose homeostasis. Notch signaling determines pancreatic progenitor differentiation in pancreas development. This study aimed to examine whether Notch signaling inhibition could promote pancreatic Krt5+ cell differentiation into beta cells and improve glucose homeostasis following AP. Pancreatic tissues from patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) were used to evaluate beta-cell injury, Krt5+ cell activation and differentiation, and Notch activity. The murine AP model was induced by cerulein, and the effect of Notch inhibition on Krt5+ cell differentiation was evaluated both in vivo and in vitro. The results demonstrated beta-cell loss in ANP patients and AP mice. Krt5+ cells were activated in ANP pancreases along with persistently elevated Notch activity, which resulted in the formation of massive duct-like structures. AP mice that received Notch inhibitor showed that impaired glucose tolerance was reversed 7 and 15 days following AP, and increased numbers of newborn small islets due to increased differentiation of Krt5+ cells to beta cells to some extent. In addition, Krt5+ cells isolated from AP mice showed increased differentiation to beta cells by Notch inhibition. Collectively, these findings suggest that beta-cell loss contributes to pancreatic endocrine insufficiency following AP, and inhibition of Notch activity promotes pancreatic Krt5+ cell differentiation to beta cells and improves glucose homeostasis. The findings from this study may shed light on the potential treatment of prediabetes/diabetes following AP.

10.
Clin Lab ; 67(8)2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coagulation cascade and inflammatory processes target damage in endothelial cells in sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). This study aimed to measure levels of the molecular marker of endothelial injury, thrombomodulin, in patients with sepsis-induced DIC and to investigate potential relationships with poor clinical outcomes. METHODS: From October 2017 to October 2018, 45 patients with sepsis-induced DIC were recruited at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, in China. Concentrations of thrombomodulin and other routine coagulation and inflammatory factors were quantified. RESULTS: Thrombomodulin was present in the plasma of non-survivors at significantly higher levels than in the plasma of survivors (9.30 ± 1.56 vs. 5.54 ± 0.29 TU/mL, p < 0.05). Thrombomodulin showed an area under the curve of 0.87 for predicting mortality. The hazard function curve showed significantly higher mortality risk in patients with high thrombomodulin. Multiple linear regression demonstrated a positive correlation of plasma thrombomodulin with the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (ß-coefficient = 0.610, p = 0.042). Logistic regression showed that thrombomodulin level was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis (OR 1.963, 95% CI 1.006 - 3.829). The nomogram based on thrombomodulin level and SOFA score revealed that an initial death risk probability can be established for patients with sepsis-induced DIC without further testing. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated plasma thrombomodulin is associated with poor clinical outcomes in sepsis-induced DIC; therefore, a high plasma thrombomodulin level may be a useful prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada , Sepse , Trombomodulina/metabolismo , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/diagnóstico , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Trombomodulina/sangue
11.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 908: 174381, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310912

RESUMO

Epidemiological data suggest that the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) increases in postmenopausal women, which may be related to estrogen deficiency. Tissue acidosis is a common symptom of RA. Acid-sensitive ion channel 1a (ASIC1a), a member of the extracellular H+-activated cation channel family, could be activated by changes in extracellular pH and plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of RA. As the only cellular component in cartilage tissue, chondrocytes play an extremely important role in maintaining cartilage tissue homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether estrogen could protect acid-stimulated chondrocytes by regulating the expression of ASIC1a and explore the possible mechanism. The results showed that estrogen could protect against acid-induced chondrocyte injury by reducing ASIC1a protein expression. Moreover, lysosome inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladeniine (3-MA) could reverse the reduction of ASIC1a protein caused by estrogen, indicating that autophagy-lysosome pathway contributes to estrogen-induced degradation of ASIC1a protein. Furthermore, the down-regulation of ASIC1a expression by estrogen was attenuated by MPP, a specific inhibitor of estrogen-related receptor-alpha (Esrra), indicating that Esrra is involved in the process of estrogen regulating the expression of ASIC1a. Additionally, adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase/unc-51-like kinase 1 (AMPK-ULK1) signaling pathway was activated by estrogen treatment, which was abrogated by Esrra-silencing, and AMPK-specific inhibitor Compound C pretreatment could reduce estrogen-induced downregulation of ASIC1a protein. Taken together, these results indicate that estrogen could promote autophagy-lysosome pathway-dependent ASIC1a protein degradation and protect against acidosis-induced cytotoxicity, the mechanisms of which might relate to Esrra-AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway.

12.
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab ; 4(3): e00265, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277988

RESUMO

Background: Although there is preponderance of literature on disease burden of diabetes in developed countries, limited investigations have been conducted in less developed regions including China. This study aimed to explore the current prevalence and risk factors for diabetes, pre-diabetes, awareness, treatment and control of diabetes in China. Methods: We included 12,458 adults from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. We estimated prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the overall sample and by socio-demographics. Bivariate associations of diabetes, pre-diabetes, awareness, control and treatment of diabetes with health and function measures were evaluated by chi-squared test and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: We found that the prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes was 13.21% and 25.16%. The prevalence of diabetes increased with advanced age (12.37%, 15.98% and 16.52% among persons who were 45 to 55, 55 to 65 and ≥65 years old, respectively), educational background (14.52%, 15.52% and 15.58% among persons who were illiterate, had primary education and had secondary or above education) and weight (8.18%, 17.05% and 22.54% among persons with a body mass index of 18.5 to 24.9, 25.0 to 29.9 and ≥30.0, respectively). The prevalence of diabetes was higher among urban residents than among rural residents (19.04% vs. 12.85%). We also observed that aged between 55 and 65 years, obesity, history of hypertension and coronary heart disease, and inactivity were significant risk factors of awareness of diabetes. Conclusion: Our results indicated that diabetes is high prevalent in adults aged 45 years or above in China. The potentially modifiable risk factors should be further studied to develop interventions and strategies aimed at prevention and treatment of diabetes among middle-aged and older Chinese adults.

13.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283627

RESUMO

Understanding how individual dopants or substitutional atoms interact with host lattices enables us to manipulate, control, and improve the functionality of materials. However, because of the intimate coupling among various degrees of freedom in multiferroics, the atomic-scale influence of individual foreign atoms has remained elusive. Here, we unravel the critical roles of individual Sc substitutional atoms in modulating ferroelectricity at the atomic scale of typical multiferroics, Lu1-xScxFeO3, by combining advanced microscopy and theoretical studies. Atomic variations in polar displacement of intriguing topological vortex domains stabilized by Sc substitution are directly correlated with Sc atom-mediated local chemical and electronic fluctuations. The local FeO5 trimerization magnitude and Lu/Sc-O hybridization strength are found to be significantly reinforced by Sc, clarifying the origin of the strong dependence of improper ferroelectricity on Sc content. This study could pave the way for correlating dopant-regulated atomic-scale local structures with global properties to engineer emergent functionalities of numerous chemically doped functional materials.

14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 608183, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34177794

RESUMO

Background: Clinical evidence demonstrates that electro-acupuncture (EA) of the Zu sanli (ST36) and Shen shu (BL23) acupoints is effective in relieving diabetic painful neuropathy (DPN); however, the underlying molecular mechanism requires further investigation, including the protein molecules associated with EA's effects on DPN. Methods: Sprague-Dawley adult male rats (n =36) were randomly assigned into control, DPN, and EA groups (n=12 each). After four weeks of EA treatment, response to mechanical pain and fasting blood glucose were analyzed. A tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling approach coupled with liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry was used to identify potential biomarkers in the spinal dorsal horn. Further, proteomics analysis was used to quantify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), and gene ontology, KEGG pathways, cluster, and string protein network interaction analyses conducted to explore the main protein targets of EA. Results: Compared with the DPN model group, the mechanical pain threshold was significantly increased, while the fasting blood glucose levels were clearly decreased in EA group rats. Proteomics analysis was used to quantify 5393 proteins, and DEPs were chosen for further analyses, based on a threshold of 1.2-fold difference in expression level (P < 0.05) compared with control groups. Relative to the control group, 169 down-regulated and 474 up-regulated proteins were identified in the DPN group, while 107 and 328 proteins were up- and down-regulated in the EA treatment group compared with the DPN group. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that levels of proteins involved in oxidative stress injury regulation were dramatically altered during the EA effects on DPN. Conclusions: Our results provide the valuable protein biomarkers, which facilitates unique mechanistic insights into the DPN pathogenesis and EA analgesic, antioxidant stress and hypoglycemic effect.

15.
Environ Res ; 200: 111472, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between maternal exposure to gaseous air pollutants and congenital heart defects (CHD) remains unclear. The concentration-response relationship and the time windows of susceptibility to gaseous pollutants may vary by pollutant species and CHD subtypes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the relationship between maternal exposures to four species of gaseous pollutants (NO2, O3, SO2, and CO) and atrial septal defect (ASD), which is a common subtype of CHD, and to determine the critical time windows of susceptibility for each gaseous pollutant. METHODS: Among 1,253,633 infants born between October 1, 2013 and December 31, 2016 in China, 1937 newborns were diagnosed with isolated ASD, a prevalence of 1.55‰. Maternal exposures to the gaseous pollutants were estimated by matching the geocoded maternal addresses with the gridded ambient concentrations. The adjusted odds ratios (aOR) between exposures and ASD were quantified by using mixed-effects logistic regression models. RESULTS: We found significantly positive associations between ASD and maternal exposures to NO2, O3, SO2, and CO during entire pregnancy, first-, second-, and third-trimester. However, no statistically significant association was found between maternal exposure to PM2.5, PM2.5-10 and ASD risk (P > 0.05). In the fully adjusted model with respect to average exposure over entire pregnancy, the adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for each 10 µg/m3 increment of NO2, O3, SO2 were 1.33 (95% CI: 1.22-1.45), 1.13 (95% CI: 1.10-1.16), 1.28 (95% CI: 1.20-1.35), respectively; the aOR for each 100 µg/m3 increment of CO was 1.10 (95% CI: 1.06-1.15). The observed concentration-response relationships varied by exposure periods and pollutants, with the strongest association for NO2 during the 1st-8th embryology weeks, for O3 during the third trimester, for SO2 during the second trimester, and for CO without obvious variation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest an increased risk of ASD in association with maternal exposures to four common gaseous pollutants. From the perspective of birth defects prevention and ASD risk mitigation, it is critical to reduce maternal exposure to gaseous pollutants especially during the most susceptible time windows.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Ambientais , Comunicação Interatrial , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gases , Comunicação Interatrial/induzido quimicamente , Comunicação Interatrial/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Gravidez
16.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170143

RESUMO

The coupling between charge and spin orderings in strongly correlated systems plays a crucial role in fundamental physics and device applications. As a candidate of multiferroic materials, LuFe2O4 with a nominal Fe2.5+ valence state has the potential for strong charge-spin interactions; however, these interactions have not been fully understood until now. Here, combining complementary characterization methods with theoretical calculations, two types of charge orderings with distinct magnetic properties are revealed. The ground states of LuFe2O4 are decided by the parallel/antiparallel coupling of both charge and spin orderings in the adjacent FeO double layers. Whereas the ferroelectric charge ordering remains ferrimagnetic below 230 K, the antiferroelectric ordering undergoes antiferromagnetic-ferrimagnetic-paramagnetic transitions from 2 K to room temperature. This study demonstrates the unique aspects of strong spin-charge coupling within LuFe2O4. Our results shed light on the coexistence and competing nature of orderings in quantum materials.

17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 140: 111706, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004512

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a general term for a type of single-stranded RNAs, they are primarily generated via exon back-splice process in precursor mRNAs (pre-mRNAs). circRNAs refer to an emerging type of endogeneity-correlated closed molecules of RNA in a covalent manner. They mainly function as microRNA sponges, protein brackets, and regulatory element in transcription and splicing process. Recently, it has also starting been noticed that they serve as extraordinary models involved in polypeptides producing process. Although circRNAs have been extensively studied, their function in thyroid carcinoma is still lacking. Thus, we present the latest advances in circRNA research and summarize their fundamental rules of regulating process as well as the mechanism. More importantly, We mainly review the role and mechanism of circRNA in thyroid cancer, which provides an emerging perspective and theoretically supports the treatment of thyroid cancer.


Assuntos
RNA Circular , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Animais , Humanos
18.
Inquiry ; 58: 469580211018284, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032161

RESUMO

The effect of exercise intervention on balance capacity among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients has not been evaluated. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the effect of exercise intervention on balance capacity among T2DM patients compared to the control group (usual care, waitlist, no-treatment, education). We conducted a comprehensive literature search through PubMed, EMBASE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Cochrane library, Web of Science (WOS) from inception to August 2020. The literature language was limited to English. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-experimental (Q-E) trials that examined the effect of exercise intervention on balance capacity among T2DM patients were included. We used the standard methods of meta-analysis to evaluate the outcomes of exercise intervention for balance capacity of T2DM patients. A total of 14 trials (11 RCTs and 3 Q-E trials) involving 883 participants were eligible. The meta-analysis of some studies demonstrated that exercise intervention could significantly improve Berg Balance Scale (BBS) (MD = 2.56; 95%CI [0.35, 4.77]; P = .02), SLST (Single Leg Stance Test) under the eyes-open (EO) condition (MD = 3.63; 95%CI [1.79, 5.47]; P = .0001) and eyes-close (EC) condition (MD = 0.41; 95%CI [0.10, 0.72]; P = .01) compared to control group. There was no significant difference in Time Up and Go Test (TUGT) (MD = -0.75; 95%CI [-1.69, 0.19]; P = .12) and fall efficacy (SMD = -0.44; 95%CI [-0.86, -0.01]; P = .05). Narrative review of some studies indicated that exercise intervention could improve postural stability measured by Sensory Organization Test (SOT) and Center of Pressure (COP) variables, etc. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarized that exercise intervention could improve balance capacity in T2DM patients. However, further studies with high quality are required to evaluate its effect.

19.
Adv Mater ; 33(24): e2100325, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969563

RESUMO

The application of plasmonic dimeric nanostructures in color displays, data storage, and especially metamaterials necessitates the patterning of dimers into ordered arrays, but controllable assembly of plasmonic nanoparticles into patterned dimer arrays on substrates still remains a challenge. Here, a facile laser-scanning-based strategy to fabricate quasi-3D patterned arrays of plasmonic nanoparticle dimers with controlled orientation for plasmonic information encryption is reported. Laser scanning of polymer-covered plasmonic nanoparticle (e.g., gold) arrays selectively exposes the surface of irradiated nanoparticle via localized photothermal heating, guiding the assembly of another type of nanoparticles onto the exposure nanoparticle surface to form dimers on substrates. This combined top-down/bottom-up approach is highly flexible in forming high-resolution patterns of plasmonic dimers from nanoparticles of different sizes and shapes. The z-axis orientation, interparticle spacing, and nanoparticle size and shape of plasmonic dimers can be precisely tuned, enabling the modulation of the coupled resonances of the dimer arrays. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the patterned dimer arrays can be used in information encryption where their plasmonic color can be repeatedly displayed and erased. This work provides an important addition to tools for the fabrication of patterned complex plasmonic nanostructures from as-synthesized nanoparticles with broad applications.

20.
Hereditas ; 158(1): 12, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. In this study, we aimed to explore whether some genetic variants of the human IDOL gene were associated with CAD among Chinese population in Xinjiang. METHODS: We designed two independent case-control studies. The first one included in the Han population (448 CAD patients and 343 controls), and the second one is the Uygur population (304 CAD patients and 318 controls). We genotyped three SNPs (rs2072783, rs2205796, and rs909562) of the IDOL gene. RESULTS: Our results revealed that, in the Han female subjects, for rs2205796, the distribution of alleles, dominant model (TT vs. GG + GT) and the additive model (GG + TT vs. GT) showed significant differences between CAD patients and the control subjects (P = 0.048, P = 0.014, and P = 0.032, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The rs2205796 polymorphism of the IDOL gene is associated with CAD in the Chinese Han female population in Xinjiang, China.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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