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1.
Oncogene ; 39(5): 1004-1017, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591481

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of Homeobox genes in human cancers has long been documented, whereas the mechanisms underlying remain largely obscure. Super-enhancers (SEs) act as key regulatory elements for both cell identity genes and cancer genes. Herein, we reported that SE-associated HOXB gene cluster represented a common feature of colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines and multiple HOXB genes within this cluster were overexpressed in CRC. Among them, we found that HOXB8 was oncogenic and its activation in CRC was driven by SE instead of genetic alteration. We further demonstrated that the master transcription factor MYC preferentially occupied SEs over TEs (typical enhancers) and regulated HOXB8 transcription by binding to the active elements of its SE. HOXB8 silencing induced reversal of transcriptional signatures associated with malignant phenotypes of CRC. Mechanistically, HOXB8 interacted with a key metastasis regulator BACH1 and instigated BACH1-mediated transcriptional cascade by directly occupying and activating BACH1 gene transcription together with BACH1 itself. Lastly, the relevance of HOXB8 activation in clinical settings was strengthened by its close association with prognostic outcomes of CRC patients.

2.
Eur J Med Chem ; 187: 111989, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881456

RESUMO

Lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) plays an essential role in maintaining a balanced methylation status at histone tails. Overexpression of LSD1 has been involved in the development of a variety of human diseases, including cancers. Herein, on the basis of our previously developed LSD1 inhibitors, two series of new [1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidine derivatives incorporating (thio)urea moiety were designed and evaluated for their LSD1 inhibitory abilities, leading to a novel chemical class of LSD1 inhibitors. Among them, compound 31 was found to moderately inhibit LSD1 activity, as well as increase the expression of H3K4me2 at the cellular level. This compound also showed good selectivity against MAO-A/-B, and a panel of kinases such as CDK and BTK. Besides, the MTT assay suggested that the selected compounds could inhibit the proliferation of LSD1-overexpressed cancer cells. Although this class of compounds only showed moderate anti-LSD1 activity in the micromolar range, this work presents a novel chemotype of LSD1 inhibitors with good enzyme selectivity as well as cellular LSD1 inhibitory activity, and could provide a useful template for the development of more potent LSD1 inhibitors for cancer treatment.

3.
Food Microbiol ; 86: 103343, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703887

RESUMO

The bacterial conversion of glutamine to glutamate is catalyzed by glutamine-amidotransferases or glutaminases. Glutamine deamination contributes to the formation of the bioactive metabolites glutamate, γ-aminobutyrate (GABA) and γ-glutamyl peptides, and to acid resistance. This study aimed to investigate the distribution of glutaminase(s) in lactobacilli, and to evaluate their contribution in L. reuteri to amino acid metabolism and acid resistance. Phylogenetic analysis of the glutaminases gls1, gls2 and gls3 in the genus Lactobacillus demonstrated that glutaminase is exclusively present in host-adapted species of lactobacilli. The disruption gls1, gls2 and gls3 in L. reuteri 100-23 had only a limited effect on the conversion of glutamine to glutamate, GABA, or γ-glutamyl peptides in sourdough. The disruption of all glutaminases in L. reuteri 100-23Δgls1Δgls2Δgls3 but not disruption of gls2 and gls3 eliminated the protective effect of glutamine on the survival of the strain at pH 2.5. Glutamine also enhanced acid resistance of L. reuteri 100-23ΔgadB and L. taiwanensis 107q, strains without glutamate decarboxylase activity. Taken together, the study demonstrates that glutaminases of lactobacilli do not contribute substantially to glutamine metabolism but enhance acid resistance. Their exclusive presence in host-adapted lactobacilli provides an additional link between the adaptation of lactobacilli to specific habitats and their functionality when used as probiotics and starter cultures.

4.
Neuroimage Clin ; 24: 102041, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677587

RESUMO

Cross-modal occipital responses appear to be essential for nonvisual processing in individuals with early blindness. However, it is not clear whether the recruitment of occipital regions depends on functional domain or sensory modality. The current study utilized a coordinate-based meta-analysis to identify the distinct brain regions involved in the functional domains of object, spatial/motion, and language processing and the common brain regions involved in both auditory and tactile modalities in individuals with early blindness. Following the PRISMA guidelines, a total of 55 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The specific analyses revealed the brain regions that are consistently recruited for each function, such as the dorsal fronto-parietal network for spatial function and ventral occipito-temporal network for object function. This is consistent with the literature, suggesting that the two visual streams are preserved in early blind individuals. The contrast analyses found specific activations in the left cuneus and lingual gyrus for language function. This finding is novel and suggests a reverse hierarchical organization of the visual cortex for early blind individuals. The conjunction analyses found common activations in the right middle temporal gyrus, right precuneus and a left parieto-occipital region. Clinically, this work contributes to visual rehabilitation in early blind individuals by revealing the function-dependent and sensory-independent networks during nonvisual processing.

5.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; : 1-7, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE. The recent advancement of deep learning techniques has profoundly impacted research on quantitative cardiac MRI analysis. The purpose of this article is to introduce the concept of deep learning, review its current applications on quantitative cardiac MRI, and discuss its limitations and challenges. CONCLUSION. Deep learning has shown state-of-the-art performance on quantitative analysis of multiple cardiac MRI sequences and holds great promise for future use in clinical practice and scientific research.

6.
Theranostics ; 9(26): 8182-8195, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754389

RESUMO

Zinc-finger and BTB/POZ domain-containing family proteins (ZBTB) are important transcription factors functioning as tumor suppressors or oncogenes, such as BCL6/ZBTB27 as a key oncoprotein for anti-cancer therapy. Through epigenome study, we identified ZBTB28/BCL6B/BAZF, a BTB/POZ domain protein highly homologous to BCL6, as a methylated target in multiple tumors. However, the functions and mechanism of ZBTB28 in carcinogenesis remain unclear. Methods: ZBTB28 expression and methylation were examined by reverse-transcription PCR and methylation-specific PCR. The effects and mechanisms of ectopic ZBTB28 expression on tumor cells were assessed with molecular biological and cellular approaches in vitro and in vivo. Results: Albeit broadly expressed in multiple normal tissues, ZBTB28 is frequently downregulated in aero- and digestive carcinoma cell lines and primary tumors, and correlated with its promoter CpG methylation status. Further gain-of-function study showed that ZBTB28 functions as a tumor suppressor inhibiting carcinoma cell growth in vitro and in vivo, through inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of tumor cells. ZBTB28 suppresses cell migration and invasion by reversing EMT and cell stemness. ZBTB28 transactivates TP53 expression, through binding to the p53 promoter in competition with BCL6, while BCL6 itself was also found to be a direct target repressed by ZBTB28. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that ZBTB28 functions as a tumor suppressor through competing with BCL6 for targeting p53 regulation. This newly identified ZBTB28/BCL6/p53 regulatory axis provides further molecular insight into carcinogenesis mechanisms and has implications in further improving BCL6-based anticancer therapy.

7.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1104): 20190634, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613647

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the local myocardial segments in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) by MRI T1 and T2 mapping, and to investigate how tissue remodeling correlates with structural and functional remodeling in HCM. METHODS: 47 patients with HCM and 19 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. All subjects underwent cardiac MRI at 3.0 T. Native T1 and T2 values, end-diastolic wall thickness (EDTH), and percentage of systolic wall thickening (PSWT) were assessed in the left ventricular segments according to the American Heart Association model. Myocardial segments were categorized as normal, non-hypertrophic, mild-hypertrophic, moderate-hypertrophic, and severe-hypertrophic based on EDTH. The difference among all five groups, and the correlation between native T1 and T2 values, EDTH, and PSWT were evaluated. RESULTS: Native T1 and T2 values were significantly elevated in both non-hypertrophic and hypertrophic segments of HCM patients compared to controls (both p < 0.001). PSWT was preserved in non-hypertrophic segments (p = 0.838), while significantly impaired (p < 0.001) in hypertrophic segments. Native T1 value of severe hypertrophic segments in HCM was significantly higher than segments of mild and moderate hypertrophy (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In HCM patients, the non-hypertrophic myocardial segments already demonstrated significantly elevated T1 and T2 values, despite normal wall thickness and preserved contraction function. The finding suggests that tissue remodeling may precede morphological and functional remodeling in HCM. MRI native T1 and T2 mapping can provide additional value for HCM diagnosis at an early stage. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Myocardial tissue remodeling, as detected by MRI native T1 and T2 mapping, occurs earlier than morphological and functional changes in HCM patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Miocárdio/patologia , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(10): 1130-1140, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the value of combined electrogram (EGM) information provided by simultaneous mapping using micro- and conventional electrodes in the identification of post-myocardial infarction ventricular tachycardia substrate. BACKGROUND: Ventricular tachycardias after myocardial infarction are related to scars with complex geometry. Scar delineation and ventricular tachycardia substrate identification relies on bipolar voltages (BV) and EGM characteristics. Early reperfusion therapy results in small, nontransmural scars, the details of which may not be delineated using 3.5 mm tip catheters. METHODS: Nine swine with early reperfusion myocardial infarction were mapped using Biosense Webster's QDOT Micro catheter, incorporating 3 microelectrodes at the tip of the standard 3.5 mm electrode. Analysis of EGM during sinus rhythm, right ventricular pacing, and short-coupled right ventricular extrastimuli was performed. The swine were sacrificed and mapping data were projected onto the heart. Transmural biopsies (n = 196) corresponding to mapping points were obtained, allowing a head-to-head comparison of EGM recorded by micro- and conventional electrodes with histology. RESULTS: To identify scar areas using standard electrodes, unique cutoff values of unipolar voltage <5.44 mV, BV <1.27 mV (conventional), and BV <2.84 mV (microelectrode) were identified. Combining the information provided by unipolar voltage and BV mapping, the sensitivity of scar identification was increased to 93%. Micro-EGM were better able to distinguish small near-fields corresponding to a layer of viable subendocardium than conventional EGM were. CONCLUSIONS: The combined information provided by multisize electrode mapping increases the sensitivity with which areas of scar are identified. EGM from microelectrodes, with narrower spacing, allow identification of near-fields arising from thin subendocardial layer and layers activated with short delay obscured in EGM from conventional mapping catheter.

9.
J Biol Chem ; 294(47): 17837-17847, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624151

RESUMO

The Krüppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) transcription factor is highly expressed in basal type breast cancer and promotes breast cancer cell proliferation, survival, migration, and tumorigenesis. KLF5 protein stability is regulated by ubiquitination. In this study, ubiquitin-specific protease 3 (USP3) was identified as a new KLF5 deubiquitinase by genome-wide siRNA library screening. We demonstrated that USP3 interacts with KLF5 and stabilizes KLF5 via deubiquitination. USP3 knockdown inhibits breast cancer cell proliferation in vitro and tumorigenesis in vivo, which can be partially rescued by ectopic expression of KLF5. Furthermore, we observed a positive correlation between USP3 and KLF5 protein expression levels in human breast cancer samples. These findings suggest that USP3 is a new KLF5 deubiquitinase and that USP3 may represent a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer.

10.
iScience ; 21: 1-18, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654850

RESUMO

Aberrant RAS signaling activation is common in cancers with even few Ras mutations, indicating alternative dysregulation other than genetic mutations. We identified a Ras GTPase-activating gene RASA5/SYNGAP1, at the common 6p21.3 deletion, methylated/downregulated in multiple carcinomas and different from other RASA family members (RASA1-RASA4), indicating its special functions in tumorigenesis. RASA5 mutations are rare, unlike other RASA members, whereas its promoter CpG methylation is frequent in multiple cancer cell lines and primary carcinomas and associated with patient's poor survival. RASA5 expression inhibited tumor cell migration/invasion and growth in mouse model, functioning as a tumor suppressor. RASA5 suppressed RAS signaling, depending on its Ras GTPase-activating protein catalytic activity, which could be counteracted by oncogenic HRas Q61L mutant. RASA5 knockdown enhanced Ras signaling to promote tumor cell growth. RASA5 also inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through regulating actin reorganization. Thus, epigenetic inactivation of RASA5 contributing to hyperactive RAS signaling is involved in Ras-driven human oncogenesis.

11.
Comput Biol Med ; 114: 103432, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parotid ducts (PDs) play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of parotid lesions. Segmentation of PDs from Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images has a significant impact to the pathological analysis of the parotid gland. Although level set methods (LSMs) have achieved considerable success in medical imaging segmentation, it is still a challenging task for existing LSMs to precisely and self-adaptively segment PDs from parotid duct (PD) images with both noise, intensity inhomogeneity, and vague boundary. In this paper, we propose a novel Self-adaptive Weighted level set method via Local intensity Difference (SWLD) to comprehensively solve the above issues. METHOD: Firstly, a new adaptive weighted operator based on local intensity variance difference has been proposed to overcome the limitations of previous LSMs that are sensitive to parameters, which achieves the aim of automatic segmentation. Secondly, we introduce local intensity mean difference into the energy function to improve the curve evolution efficiency. Thirdly, we eliminate the effects of intensity inhomogeneity, noise, and boundary blur in the parotid image through a local similarity factor with two different neighborhood sizes. RESULTS: Using the same dataset, segmentation of PDs is performed using the proposed SWLD algorithm and existing LSM algorithms. The mean Dice score for the proposed algorithm is 91.3%, and the corresponding mean Hausdorff distance (HD) is 1.746. CONCLUSION: Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is superior to many existing level set segmentation algorithms, and it can accurately and automatically segment the PDs even in complex gradient boundaries.

12.
Food Funct ; 10(9): 5544-5554, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424471

RESUMO

This study compared the abilities of γ-[Glu]n-Trp (EW) and whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) with a high ratio of Trp : 5 large neutral amino acids (5LNAAs) to reverse chronic restraint stress-corticosterone injection induced anxiety/depression-like behaviors in C57BL/6 male mice. EW was synthesized using l-glutaminase from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Acid protease, trypsin, pancreatin or flavorzyme was used to produce WPHs. The WPH with the highest Trp/5LNAAs ratio (17.38%; by trypsin) was selected for animal trials. EW (dose 2.0, 5.0 or 10.0 mg kg-1 d-1) and WPH (dose 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mg g-1 d-1) reversed behavioral dysfunctions, suppressed serum inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß and IFN-γ), and reduced the activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (key rate-limiting enzyme of the kynurenine pathway) while increasing the activity of tryptophan hydroxylase (key rate-limiting enzyme of the serotonin pathway) in the hypothalamus, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, with EW acting more effectively. EW could also increase body weight gain and might act more effectively via the kynurenine pathway. These findings are of significance to promote the future practical application of kokumi γ-[Glu]n-Trp peptides.

13.
Oncol Lett ; 18(3): 2270-2277, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452728

RESUMO

Osteochondroma (OC) is considered the most common tumor of the axial skeleton, although it is relatively uncommon in the craniofacial region. The present study describes an atypical case of OC of the coronoid process. A 34-year-old woman presented with severely limited mouth opening (5 mm) and swelling of the right zygoma. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) revealed a mushroom-shaped outgrowth from the coronoid process to the inner surface of the zygomatic arch, forming a pseudojoint. The patient was treated with coronoidectomy via an intraoral approach. Histopathological examination revealed features suggestive of OC. Subsequently, the patient was able to open their mouth, and there was no evidence of recurrence or post-operative complications in the 21-month follow-up. A review of the literature revealed only 38 histologically proven cases of coronoid OC in the past 30 years (1989-2018). The incidence of the disease was higher in men compared with that in women (male:female, 2.17:1), and the median age at onset was 28.7 years, with a range of 5-57 years. Gradual limitation of mouth opening and facial asymmetry are the most noticeable symptoms. Water's view and submentovertex projection of the zygomatic arch may be useful in identifying the tumor and its association with the zygoma, while CT and CBCT permit a detailed visualization of the location and density of the tumor. Coronoidectomy is the preferred treatment option, and the prognosis is excellent, with no evidence of recurrence or malignant transformation.

14.
Food Funct ; 10(9): 5886-5897, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464319

RESUMO

Gut microbiota dysbiosis is a recognized contributing factor to many noncommunicable diseases, but more evidence is still needed to illustrate its causative impact on mental and brain health disorders and mechanism(s) for targeted mitigation. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been used in the management of neuropsychiatric diseases for many years in China. In this study, a randomized, controlled trial was conducted to examine the impact of stress on gut microbiota dysbiosis and depression, and TCM in alleviating the damage using Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress (CUMS) rats, a well-established rodent model for depression. The behaviors of rats and the profiles of the fecal microbiota were assessed by an array of behavioral tests and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and the intestinal microbial function was assessed by shotgun sequencing-based metagenomic analysis of microbial DNA from fecal samples. Data on brain targeted metabolites by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) were also discussed. Depressive and anxiety-like behaviors and changes in the fecal microbiota profile were observed in CUMS rats, which were then significantly reversed in CUMS rats that received TCM. Specifically, TCM treatment reduced the levels of Firmicutes, and Ruminococcus, and increased the abundance of Bacteroidetes and Roseburia, reportedly being associated with relieving psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, the levels of brain metabolites perturbed by CUMS were reversed by TCM treatment, and Spearman's correlation analysis illustrated strong correlation between brain metabolites and perturbed fecal microbiota genera. Finally, the fecal microbiome of CUMS rats was characterized by alterations in amino acid metabolism and evaluation of bile acid biosynthesis, and TCM-treated rats showed elevation of cysteine and methionine metabolism. Overall, these results indicated that administration of the TCM may mitigate CUMS-induced depression-behaviors, and it is correlated with reversing CUMS-induced intestinal microbiota dysbiosis; evidence also supported related changes in brain metabolites. These findings set up the foundation to further reveal the exact causal relationship among the TCM formula, host responses, gut microbiota dysbiosis and the levels of brain metabolites, and enabled scientific interpretation of the therapeutic function of the TCM.

16.
Comput Biol Med ; 111: 103356, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323604

RESUMO

Accurate segmentation of the left ventricle (LV) from cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important step in the reliable assessment of cardiac function in cardiovascular disease patients. Several deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) models have achieved state-of-the-art performances for LV segmentation from cine MRI. However, most published deep learning methods use individual cine frames as input and process each frame separately. This approach entirely ignores an important visual clue-the dynamic cardiac motion along the temporal axis, which radiologists observe closely when viewing cine MRI. To imitate the approach of experts, we propose a novel U-net-based method (OF-net) that integrates temporal information from cine MRI into LV segmentation. Our proposed network adds the temporal dimension by incorporating an optical flow (OF) field to capture the cardiac motion. In addition, we introduce two additional modules, a LV localization module and an attention module, that provide improved LV detection and segmentation accuracy, respectively. We evaluated OF-net on the public Cardiac Atlas database with multicenter cine MRI data. The results showed that OF-net achieves an average perpendicular distance (APD) of 0.90±0.08 pixels and a Dice index of 0.95±0.03 for LV segmentation in the middle slices, outperforming the classical U-net model (APD 0.92±0.04 pixels, Dice 0.94±0.16, p < 0.05). Specifically, the proposed method enhances the temporal continuity of segmentation at the apical and basal slices, which are typically more difficult to segment than middle slices. Our work exemplifies the ability of CNN to "learn" from expert experience when applied to specific analysis tasks.

17.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 6043-6059, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308744

RESUMO

Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), one of the most common cancers worldwide with a high mortality rate, is accompanied by poor prognosis, highlighting the significance of early diagnosis and effective treatment. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been linked with the development and progression of various cancers. In this study, aberrantly expressed lncRNA LINC01116, microRNA-136 (miR-136), and fibronectin1 (FN1) were identified in OSCC using a microarray analysis. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the role of LINC01116/miR-136/FN1 regulatory axis in OSCC. Methods: The gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments in vitro were performed to alter the expression of LINC01116 and miR-136 in OSCC cells to elucidate their effects on cellular processes, including epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), viability, invasion, and migration. In addition, the interaction among LINC01116, miR-136, and FN1 was identified. Additionally, the tumorigenicity and lymph node metastasis (LNM) affected by LINC01116 were observed through xenograft tumor in nude mice. Results: LINC01116 and FN1 were abundant in both OSCC tissues and cells, while miR-136 was poorly expressed. LINC01116 could competitively bind to miR-136, which targets and negatively regulates FN1. Moreover, in response to LINC01116 silencing or miR-136 over-expression, OSCC cells exhibited diminished EMT process and inhibited cell viability, invasion, and migration in vitro, coupling with impaired tumorigenicity and LNM in vivo. Conclusion: The fundamental findings in this study collectively demonstrate that LINC01116 silencing may inhibit the progression of OSCC via the miR-136-mediated FN1 inhibition, highlighting a promising therapeutic strategy for OSCC treatment.

18.
Front Psychiatry ; 10: 315, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178764

RESUMO

Aims: Depression is prevalent among university students worldwide, and the prevalence appears to be increasing. As an intermediate stage between being healthy and having depression, students with subthreshold depression could develop worsening depression or recover with intervention to prevent depression. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a useful tool to assess subthreshold depression. The primary purpose of the current study was to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of CES-D in Chinese university students. Secondly, we aimed to describe the prevalence of subthreshold depression among the student sample and examine its demographic correlates. Methods: A total of 2,068 university students participated in the study, and they were asked to respond to the Chinese CES-D, Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). The factor structure was evaluated by conducting exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using a structural equation modeling approach. The reliability was assessed by calculating Cronbach's alpha, inter-item correlation, and item-total correlation coefficients. The prevalence of subthreshold depression was calculated and demographic correlates of gender, grade, and major were examined by multiple regression. Results: The final sample included 1,920 participants. The EFA results suggested extraction of three factors (somatic symptoms, negative affect, and anhedonia) that account for 52.68% of total variance. The CFA results suggested that the newly derived model with 14 items was the best fit for our data. Six items were removed from the original scale (item 9, 10, 13, 15, 17, and 19). The Cronbach's alpha of the 14-item CES-D was 0.87. The prevalence of subthreshold depression among university students reached 32.7% for the 20-item CES-D and 31% for the 14-item CES-D, although there was no significant difference of prevalence in gender, grade, and major. Conclusions: The CES-D has good reliability and validity for assessing subthreshold depression in Chinese university students.

19.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 104: 43-55, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251965

RESUMO

Previous research has highlighted the potential of fMRI in discriminating between truth and falsehood. However, falsehoods may not necessarily represent a deliberate intention to deceive; they can be a result of false memory too. It is important to show that fMRI can discriminate between deception and false memory, before it can be applied in legal contexts for deception detection. To this end, we performed a meta-analytic comparison of brain activation between deception and false memory. Activation likelihood estimation meta-analyses were conducted separately on 49 deception (61 contrasts; Ntotal = 991) and 28 false memory (32 contrasts; Ntotal = 484) studies. The contrasts obtained from these meta-analyses were entered into subsequent conjunction and contrast analyses. Deception and false memory tasks activated several frontoparietal regions. Both tasks activated the left superior frontal gyrus. Deception, relative to false memory, was associated with increased activation in the right superior temporal gyrus, right insula, left inferior parietal lobule and right superior frontal gyrus. These results provide some evidence to suggest that fMRI can discriminate between deception and false memory.

20.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 21(1): 28, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Impaired left ventricular (LV) contraction and relaxation may further promote adverse remodeling and may increase the risk of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in ischemic cardiomyopathy. We aimed to examine the association of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived circumferential strain parameters for LV regional systolic function, LV diastolic function and mechanical dispersion with the risk of VA in patients with prior myocardial infarction and primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). METHODS: Patients with an ischemic cardiomyopathy who underwent CMR prior to primary prevention ICD implantation, were retrospectively identified. LV segmental circumferential strain curves were extracted from short-axis cine CMR. For LV regional strain analysis, the extent of moderately and severely impaired strain (percentage of LV segments with strain between - 10% and - 5% and > - 5%, respectively) were calculated. LV diastolic function was quantified by the early and late diastolic strain rate. Mechanical dispersion was defined as the standard deviation in delay time between each strain curve and the patient-specific reference curve. Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR) (95%CI) were calculated to assess the association between LV strain parameters and appropriate ICD therapy. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients (63 ± 11 years, 84% men, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) 27 ± 9%) were included. During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 47 (27;69) months, 30 (25%) patients received appropriate ICD therapy. The late diastolic strain rate (HR 1.1 (1.0;1.2) per - 0.25 1/s, P = 0.043) and the extent of moderately impaired strain (HR 1.5 (1.0;2.2) per + 10%, P = 0.048) but not the extent of severely impaired strain (HR 0.9 (0.6;1.4) per + 10%, P = 0.685) were associated with appropriate ICD therapy, independent of LVEF, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) scar border size and acute revascularization. Mechanical dispersion was not related to appropriate ICD therapy (HR 1.1 (0.8;1.6) per + 25 ms, P = 0.464). CONCLUSIONS: In an ischemic cardiomyopathy population referred for primary prevention ICD implantation, the extent of moderately impaired strain and late diastolic strain rate were associated with the risk of appropriate ICD therapy, independent of LVEF, scar border size and acute revascularization. These findings suggest that disturbed LV contraction and relaxation may contribute to an increased risk of VA after myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Prevenção Primária/instrumentação , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Cardioversão Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Remodelação Ventricular
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