Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 354
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1723-1731, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492336

RESUMO

Hydroxyapatite nanorod-supported metallic Cu0 nanoparticle catalysts (Cux/HAP) were prepared by the wetness chemical reduction method. The metallic Cu0 nanoparticles were well dispersed on the surfaces of the HAP nanorods. The alkaline HAP nanorods inhibited the crystal growth of the metallic Cu0 nanoparticles. The HAP nanorods also retarded the oxidation of the metallic Cu0 nanoparticles. The Cux/HAP catalyst exhibited a higher catalytic activity for the oxidation of 1,2-propanediol with gaseous oxygen to lactic, acetic, and formic acids with the total selectivity of 70.3% even at a lower reaction temperature of 140 °C. The total selectivity of lactic, acetic, and formic acids reached 93.1% at a mild reaction temperature of 180 °C. However, the sole monometallic Cu0 nanoparticles or HAP nanorods had no catalytic activity for the oxidation of 1,2-propanediol. The metallic Cu0 nanoparticles and alkaline HAP nanorods in the Cux/HAP catalyst synergistically catalyzed the oxidation of 1,2-propanediol to carboxylic acid.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484139

RESUMO

The extrapolation strategy raised by Nesterov, which can accelerate the convergence rate of gradient descent methods by orders of magnitude when dealing with smooth convex objective, has led to tremendous success in training machine learning tasks. In this article, the convergence of individual iterates of projected subgradient (PSG) methods for nonsmooth convex optimization problems is theoretically studied based on Nesterov's extrapolation, which we name individual convergence. We prove that Nesterov's extrapolation has the strength to make the individual convergence of PSG optimal for nonsmooth problems. In light of this consideration, a direct modification of the subgradient evaluation suffices to achieve optimal individual convergence for strongly convex problems, which can be regarded as making an interesting step toward the open question about stochastic gradient descent (SGD) posed by Shamir. Furthermore, we give an extension of the derived algorithms to solve regularized learning tasks with nonsmooth losses in stochastic settings. Compared with other state-of-the-art nonsmooth methods, the derived algorithms can serve as an alternative to the basic SGD especially in coping with machine learning problems, where an individual output is needed to guarantee the regularization structure while keeping an optimal rate of convergence. Typically, our method is applicable as an efficient tool for solving large-scale l1-regularized hinge-loss learning problems. Several comparison experiments demonstrate that our individual output not only achieves an optimal convergence rate but also guarantees better sparsity than the averaged solution.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501940

RESUMO

Bacteria from the genus Geobacillus are generally obligately thermophilic, with a unique bioenergy production capacity and unique enzymes. Geobacillus species were isolated primarily from hot springs, oilfields, and associated soils. They often exhibit unique survival patterns in these extreme oligotrophic environments. With the development of the microbial resources found in oilfields, Geobacillus spp. have been proven as valuable bacteria in many reports related to oilfields. After the isolation of Geobacillus by culture methods, more evidence was found that they possess the abilities of hydrocarbon utilization and bioemulsifier production. This paper mainly summarizes some characteristics of the Geobacillus species found in the oilfield environment, focusing on the inference and analysis of hydrocarbon degradation and bioemulsifier synthesis based on existing research, which may reveal their potential value in microbial enhanced oil recovery. It also provides references for understanding microbes in extreme environments.

4.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498146

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety, efficacy and clinical outcomes after photovaporization of the prostate with the 180W-XPS Greenlight laser in patients with low urinary tracts symptom secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 102 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms who underwent 180W XPS laser vaporization of the prostate from April 2017 to April 2018 were enrolled. The preoperative parameters, postoperative functional, uroflowmetry outcomes and complications were collected. RESULTS: All patients were successfully treated with 180W XPS laser vaporization. Mean preoperative prostate volume was 81±28.7 ml and mean laser time was 28.2±12.5 minutes. No major complications intraoperatively or postoperatively were observed and no blood transfusions were required. Comparing to preoperative characteristics, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), maximum flow rate (Qmax) and post-void residual (PVR) parameters were improved significantly and sustained during the follow-up period. At 3, 6 and 12-month follow-ups, mean urinary peak flow increased from 6.2±2.1 ml per second to 19.8±4.6, 19.4±4.7 and 19.6±4.9 ml per second, respectively. Mean International Prostate Symptom Scores decreased over time, from 28.9±4.5 to 8.2±1.6, 6.2±1.22 and 5.88±1.15 at 3, 6, 12 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: 180W XPS Greenlight laser vaporization is a safe and effective treatment option for patients with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to BPH.

5.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 126: 109630, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: More than 50% of congenital hearing loss is attributed to genetic factors. Data of gene mutation associated with hearing loss from large population studies in Chinese population are scarce. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive newborn genetic screening in China to establish the carrier frequency and mutation spectrum of deafness-associated genes. METHODS: A total of 53,033 newborns were screened for hearing defects associated mutations. Twenty hot spot mutations in GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4 and mitochondria12S rRNA were examined using suspension array analysis. RESULTS: 14,185 newborns (26.75%) were identified with at least one mutated allele. 872 (1.64%) neonates carried homozygous mutations including 112 (0.21%) mitochondrial DNA homoplasmy, 228 (0.43%) were compound heterozygotes, and 11,985 (22.59%) were heterozygotes including 11 (0.02%) mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy. Top five mutations included 109 G > A, 235 delC, 299-300 delAT in GJB2, IVS7-2 A > G in SLC26A4 and 1555 A > G in mitochondria12S rRNA. Notably, a total of 10,995 neonates (20.73%) carried 109 G > A in GJB2. Moreover, the allele frequencies of 109 G > A were detected 11.61% in Guangdong, 10.44% in Sichuan and 2.88% in Shandong, respectively, a significant difference in prevalence among these geographic regions (p<0.01). In addition, the high frequency of 109 G > A in GJB2 was confirmed by a TaqMan probe-based qPCR assay. Very recently, the ClinGen Hearing Loss Expert Panel reached a consensus and confirmed its pathogenic role in hearing impairment. CONCLUSION: We delineated the mutation profile of common deafness-causing genes in the Chinese population and highlighted the high prevalence of 109 G > A pathogenic mutation. Our study may facilitate early diagnosis/intervention and genetic counseling for hearing impairment in clinical practice.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365775

RESUMO

As a new family member of the emerging two-dimensional (2D) monoelemental materials (Xenes), germanene has shown promising advantages over the prototypical 2D Xenes, such as black phosphorus (BP) and graphene. However, efficient manufacture of novel germanene nanostructures is still a challenge. Herein, a simple top-down approach for the liquid-exfoliation of ultra-small germanene quantum dots (GeQDs) is presented. The prepared GeQDs possess an average lateral size of about 4.5 nm and thickness of about 2.2 nm. The functionalized GeQDs were demonstrated to be robust photothermal agents (PTAs) with outstanding photothermal conversion efficacy (higher than those of graphene and BPQDs), superior stability, and excellent biocompatibility. As a proof-of-principle, 2D GeQDs-based PTAs were used in fluorescence/photoacoustic/photothermal-imaging-guided hyperpyrexia ablation of tumors. This work could expand the application of 2D germanene to the field of photonic cancer nanomedicine.

7.
Nano Lett ; 19(9): 5967-5974, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381852

RESUMO

Nanoparticles (NPs) formulated with cationic lipids and/or polymers have shown substantial potential for systemic delivery of RNA therapeutics such as small interfering RNA (siRNA) for the treatment of cancer and other diseases. While both cationic lipids and polymers have demonstrated the promise to facilitate siRNA encapsulation and endosomal escape, they could also hamper cytosolic siRNA release due to charge interaction and induce potential toxicities. Herein, a unique polymer-prodrug hybrid NP platform was developed for multistage siRNA delivery and combination cancer therapy. This NP system is composed of (i) a hydrophilic polyethylene glycol (PEG) shell, (ii) a hydrophobic NP core made with a tumor microenvironment (TME) pH-responsive polymer, and (iii) charge-mediated complexes of siRNA and amphiphilic cationic mitoxantrone (MTO)-based prodrug that are encapsulated in the NP core. After intravenous administration, the long-circulating NPs accumulate in tumor tissues and then rapidly release the siRNA-prodrug complexes via TME pH-mediated NP disassociation for subsequent tissue penetration and cytosolic transport. With the overexpressed esterase in tumor cells to hydrolyze the amphiphilic structure of the prodrug and thereby induce destabilization of the siRNA-prodrug complexes, the therapeutic siRNA and anticancer drug MTO can be efficiently released in the cytoplasm, ultimately leading to the combinational inhibition of tumor growth via concurrent RNAi-mediated gene silencing and MTO-mediated chemotherapy.

8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 555: 315-322, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394318

RESUMO

Catalysis benefits from biomimetic materials with sophisticated structures because a variety of functions can be integrated into one structure, satisfying the demands of a diverse range of applications. Magnetic catalysts have been widely used in various applications, but the magnetic components are most commonly used for recycling. In this study, we report the fabrication of magnetic nanocatalysts composed of a support of magnetic nanobars and Ag nanoparticles confined between two silica layers. Notably, the catalysts are constructed as nanoscale stirring bars that are able to generate disturbances at this scale. More importantly, the catalysts can be applied in both macro- and micro-systems, effectively addressing the conventional mixing method. The catalysts can then be conveniently separated from the system after use. The performances of magnetic nanoscale catalysts are well maintained through recycling.

9.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(6): 459-64, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368273

RESUMO

Excessive autophagy is one of the crucial factors of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI), which has been demonstrated to be one of the targets for acupuncture treatment of ischemic stroke. In the present paper, we make a review about the development of acupuncture intervention induced improvement of CIRI (such as reducing the infarction area, improving learning-memory ability and motor function) by regulating autophagy in animal studies. Outcomes showed that acupuncture intervention can function in 1) inhibiting CIRI-induced increase of the number of lysosomes and autophagic lysosomes, and relieving structural injury of mitochondria, and reducing the number of autophagosome in the central region of the ischemic cerebral cortex tissue; 2) down-regulating the expression of microtubule-associated protein Ⅱ light chain 3 (LC3Ⅱ) and the ratio of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ in the ischemic cerebral region, and 3) regulating the expression of Beclin 1 (autophagy-related gene), promoting the expression of P62 (autophagy-related adaptor protein). In addition, acupuncture can also regulate phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K)- protein kinase B (AKT)- mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1(mTOR) signaling at different time-points (down-regulation at the early stage and up-regulation at the later stage), and activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-mTOR- UNC51-like kinase-1 signaling to relieve cerebral ischemic injury. These results reveal some mechanisms of acupuncture therapy underlying improvement of CIRI and provide experimental basis for clinical application of acupuncture therapy in the treatment of ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Autofagia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Proteína Beclina-1 , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases
10.
Adv Mater ; 31(37): e1903277, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348581

RESUMO

Small interfering RNA (siRNA) holds inherent advantages and great potential for treating refractory diseases. However, lack of suitable siRNA delivery systems that demonstrate excellent circulation stability and effective at-site delivery ability is currently impeding siRNA therapeutic performance. Here, a polymeric siRNA nanomedicine (3I-NM@siRNA) stabilized by triple interactions (electrostatic, hydrogen bond, and hydrophobic) is constructed. Incorporating extra hydrogen and hydrophobic interactions significantly improves the physiological stability compared to an siRNA nanomedicine analog that solely relies on the electrostatic interaction for stability. The developed 3I-NM@siRNA nanomedicine demonstrates effective at-site siRNA release resulting from tumoral reactive oxygen species (ROS)-triggered sequential destabilization. Furthermore, the utility of 3I-NM@siRNA for treating glioblastoma (GBM) by functionalizing 3I-NM@siRNA nanomedicine with angiopep-2 peptide is enhanced. The targeted Ang-3I-NM@siRNA exhibits superb blood-brain barrier penetration and potent tumor accumulation. Moreover, by cotargeting polo-like kinase 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2, Ang-3I-NM@siRNA shows effective suppression of tumor growth and significantly improved survival time of nude mice bearing orthotopic GBM brain tumors. New siRNA nanomedicines featuring triple-interaction stabilization together with inbuilt self-destruct delivery ability provide a robust and potent platform for targeted GBM siRNA therapy, which may have utility for RNA interference therapy of other tumors or brain diseases.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e15917, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261498

RESUMO

Acute onset neurological symptoms evoked by traumatic, surgical, or emotional events in Wilson disease (WD) have never been reported and its clinical characteristics are unclear.We aimed to summarize the clinical characteristics of a special WD whose neurological symptoms acutely developed after traumatic, surgical, or emotional events.Retrospective pilot study.Thirty-one patients who had acute onset neurological symptom as an initial presentation of WD or a new presentation of hepatic WD after mild trauma, surgery, or emotional events were retrospectively studied. All patients were followed for half to 1 year after regular anti-copper treatment.The averaged latency for neurological symptom presentation was 2.79 ±â€Š1.21 hours. The most frequent neurological symptoms were tremor (74%) and basal ganglia (BG) lesions were detected on magnetic resonance imaging in all patients. Lesions in other regions were much less frequently detected. Neurological symptom score and its recovery after treatment were correlated with lesion location: BG area and BG plus other brain areas. Neurological symptoms improved in 21 patients who received timely anti-copper treatment but continued to deteriorate in 6 patients who did not accept regular anti-copper treatment for delayed diagnosis.A diagnosis of WD should be considered when adolescents or adults experience acute presentation of extrapyramidal systems after traumatic, surgical, or emotional stimulation. Timely anti-copper therapy usually gives rise to an excellent prognosis.


Assuntos
Emoções , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/epidemiologia , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Neuroscience ; 411: 105-118, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158436

RESUMO

The ventrolateral periaqueductal gray matter (vlPAG) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of migraine and few studies have shown that vlPAG might be involved in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. But its roles in epileptogenesis and comorbid relationship between migraine and epilepsy have never been reported. In this study, the impairments of vlPAG neuronal network during spontaneous recurrent seizure (SRS) development after status epilepticus (SE) were investigated, and the pain sensitivity as well as the SRS investigated after neurochemical lesion to vlPAG to determine the role of vlPAG in epileptogenesis and in migraine comorbidity with epilepsy. Neuronal loss and alterations of excitatory and inhibitory neural transmission within vlPAG accompanied the development of epileptogenesis induced by SE. On the other hand, neurochemical lesion to vlPAG enhanced frequency and duration of spontaneous seizure event and frequency of epileptiform inter-ictal spike discharges in electroencephalography (EEG), but decreased pain threshold in epileptic rats. This indicates an involvement of the pain regulating structure, vlPAG, in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. This may imply that vlPAG network alterations could be a possible underlying mechanism of the interactive comorbid relationship between epilepsy and migraine.

14.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 2791-2797, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the role of caspase-8 rs3834129 polymorphism on colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in Taiwanese CRC patients and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The caspase-8 rs3834129 (-652 6N insertion/deletion) polymorphic genotypes were analyzed in 362 patients with CRC and the same number of age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. The interaction of caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes with personal behaviors and clinicopathological features were also examined. RESULTS: The percentage of variants ID and DD for caspase-8 rs3834129 genotype were 37.6 and 5.8% in CRC group and 39.0 and 6.6% in the control group, respectively (p for trend=0.7987). The allelic frequency distribution analysis showed that caspase-8 rs3834129 D allele conferred a non-significant lower susceptibility for CRC compared with I allele (OR=0.92, 95%CI=0.74-1.20, p=0.5063). There was no obvious link between caspase-8 rs3834129 genotype and CRC risk among ever-smokers, non-smokers, non-alcohol drinkers or alcohol drinkers. No statistically significant correlation was observed between caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypic distribution and age, gender, tumor size, location or metastasis status. CONCLUSION: Overall, caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes may not serve as predictors for CRC risk or prognosis.


Assuntos
Caspase 8/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Taiwan
15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(13): 7532-7542, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125208

RESUMO

Solar reflective cool roofs and walls can be used to mitigate the urban heat island effect. While many past studies have investigated the climate impacts of adopting cool surfaces, few studies have investigated their effects on air pollution, especially on particulate matter (PM). This research for the first time investigates the influence of widespread deployment of cool walls on urban air pollutant concentrations, and systematically compares cool wall to cool roof effects. Simulations using a coupled meteorology-chemistry model (WRF-Chem) for a representative summertime period show that cool walls and roofs can reduce urban air temperatures, wind speeds, and planetary boundary heights in the Los Angeles Basin. Consequently, increasing wall (roof) albedo by 0.80, an upper bound scenario, leads to maximum daily 8-h average ozone concentration reductions of 0.35 (0.83) ppbv in Los Angeles County. However, cool walls (roofs) increase daily average PM2.5 concentrations by 0.62 (0.85) µg m-3. We investigate the competing processes driving changes in concentrations of speciated PM2.5. Increases in primary PM (elemental carbon and primary organic aerosols) concentrations can be attributed to reductions in ventilation of the Los Angeles Basin. Increases in concentrations of semivolatile species (e.g., nitrate) are mainly driven by increases in gas-to-particle conversion due to reduced atmospheric temperatures.

16.
Oncologist ; 24(8): e677-e686, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphopenia occurs commonly in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and may influence treatment outcomes. We aimed to examine its association with treatment response and tumor progression in patients with locally advanced ESCC treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 286 patients with stage II-IVa ESCC treated with CCRT between 2015 and 2017 were analyzed. Total lymphocyte counts were assessed at baseline, weekly, and 4 weeks after CCRT. Pretreatment lymphopenia was defined as total lymphocyte count <1,000 cells per mm3 at diagnosis, and treatment-related lymphopenia was defined as total lymphocyte count <200 cells per mm3 with 6 weeks after starting CCRT. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used to analyze factors associated treatment-related lymphopenia and treatment response. RESULTS: Lymphopenia was observed in 44 patients (15.4%) at initial diagnosis. Pretreatment lymphopenia was significantly associated with greater tumor length, worse T status, body mass index ≤18.5 kg/m2, and weight loss ≥3 kg in the previous 3 months. Six weeks after starting CCRT, 89 patients (31%) developed treatment-related lymphopenia. Tumor progression and cancer-related death were more frequently observed in treatment-related lymphopenia group than those without (76.4% vs. 52.8% and 58.4% vs. 39.6%). A complete response (CR) was achieved in 62 patients (21.7%). In multivariate analysis, treatment-related lymphopenia was significantly associated with lack of clinical CR, and older age, lower tumor location, greater tumor length, and larger planning target volume were independent predictors of treatment-related lymphopenia. CONCLUSION: Treatment-related lymphopenia during CCRT is an independent predictor for poor treatment response in ESCC. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: A total of 286 patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), and treatment-related lymphopenia occurred in 31% of patients within 6 weeks from the start of CCRT. Treatment-related lymphopenia was significantly associated with lack of treatment response, and older age, lower tumor location, greater tumor length, and larger planning target volume were independent predictors of treatment-related lymphopenia. Lymphocyte count is an inexpensive biomarker that may be easily used by clinicians to identify patients who are most likely to benefit from CCRT.

17.
J Headache Pain ; 20(1): 53, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brainstem raphe (BR) hypoechogenicity in transcranial sonography (TCS) has been depicted in patients with major depression (MD) and in depressed patients with different neurodegenerative diseases. But, up to date, the association of BR alterations in TCS with depression in migraineurs has never been reported. This study was to investigate the possible role of BR examination via TCS in migraineurs with depression. METHODS: Forty two migraine without aura (MwoA) patients and 40 healthy controls were recruited. Echogenicity of lentiform nuclei (LN), caudate nuclei (CN), substantia nigra (SN) and brainstem raphe (BR) and width of the frontal horns of the lateral ventricles and the third ventricle were assessed with TCS. The diagnosis of depression was based on the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM -IV), and the severity of depression was measured by Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression subscale (HADS-D). RESULTS: There were no significant differences between migraineurs and controls in the width of frontal horn of the lateral ventricle (p = 0.955), width of third ventricle (p = 0.129) as well as in the echogenicity of SN (p = 0.942), CN (p = 0.053), LN (p = 0.052) and BR (p = 0.677). Here, it seems that more migraineurs were detected with increased echogenecity of CN and LN compared with controls (33.3% versus 15.0% for CN, 19.0% versus 5.0% for LN) though they had no statistical significance. Patients with hypoechogenic BR had significantly higher HAM-D and HADS-D scores than those with normal BR signal (p = 0.000 for both HAM-D and HADS-D), and most (83.33%) migraineurs with depression exhibited hypoechogenic raphe but none (0.00%) of the migraineurs without depression exhibited hypoechogenic raphe (p = 0.000). CONLUSIONS: TCS signal alteration of BR can be a biomarker for depression in migraine but it is not associated with migraine headache itself. LN and CN alterations in TCS may reflect a potential role of them in the pathogenesis of migraine, which needs to be further elucidated.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Depressivo/patologia , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/patologia , Núcleos da Rafe/diagnóstico por imagem , Núcleos da Rafe/patologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Depressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Depressão/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Substância Negra/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Negra/patologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler Transcraniana , Adulto Jovem
18.
Cancer Med ; 8(8): 3738-3747, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127692

RESUMO

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology is currently used to establish mutational profiles in many heterogeneous diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mutational spectrum in Taiwanese patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) to help clinicians identify the best treatment method. Whole-exome sequencing was conducted in 32 surgical tumor tissues from patients with CRC. DNA libraries were generated using the Illumina TruSeq DNA Exome, and sequencing was performed on the Illumina NextSeq 500 system. Variants were annotated and compared to those obtained from publicly available databases. The analysis revealed frequent mutations in APC (59.38%), TP53 (50%), RAS (28.13%), FBXW7 (18.75%), RAF (9.38%), PIK3CA (9.38%), SMAD4 (9.38%), and SOX9 (9.38%). A mutation in TCF7L2 was also detected, but at lower frequencies. Two or more mutations were found in 22 (68.75%) samples. The mutation rates for the WNT, P53, RTK-RAS, TGF-ß, and PI3K pathways were 78.13%, 56.25%, 40.63%, 18.75%, and 15.63%, respectively. RTK-RAS pathway mutations were correlated with tumor size (P = 0.028). We also discovered 23 novel mutations in NRAS, PIK3CA, SOX9, APC, SMAD4, MSH3, MSH4, PMS1 PMS2, AXIN2, ERBB2, PIK3R1, TGFBR2, and ATM that were not reported in the COSMIC, The Cancer Genome Atlas, and dbSNP databases. In summary, we report the mutational landscape of CRC in a Taiwanese population. NGS is a cost-effective and time-saving method, and we believe that NGS will help clinicians to treat CRC patients in the near future.

19.
Chem Soc Rev ; 48(11): 2891-2912, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120049

RESUMO

The emergence of novel two-dimensional (2D) monoelemental materials (Xenes) has shown remarkable potential for their applications in different fields of technology, as well as addressing new discoveries in fundamental science. Xenes (e.g., borophene, silicene, germanene, stanene, phosphorene, arsenene, antimonene, bismuthene, and tellurene) are of particular interest because they are the most chemically tractable materials for synthetic exploration. Owing to their excellent physical, chemical, electronic and optical properties, Xenes have been regarded as promising agents for biosensors, bioimaging, therapeutic delivery, and theranostics, as well as in several other new bio-applications. In this tutorial review, we summarize their general properties including the classification of Xenes according to their bulk properties. The synthetic and modification methods of Xenes are also presented. Furthermore, the representative Xene nanoplatforms for various biomedical applications are highlighted. Finally, research progress, challenges, and perspectives for the future development of Xenes in biomedicines are discussed.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos
20.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 20(7): 142-150, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124276

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a precursor of invasive ductal breast carcinoma (IDC). This study aimed to use pharamcokinetic dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) for the early diagnosis of DCIS. METHODS: Forty-seven patients, including 25 with DCIS (age: 28-70 yr, mean age: 48.7 yr) and 22 with benign disease (age: 25-67 yr, mean age: 43.1 yr) confirmed by pathology, underwent pharamcokinetic DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI in this study. The quantitative parameters Ktrans , Kep , Ve , Vp , and D, f, D* were obtained by processing of DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI images with Omni-Kinetics and MITK-Diffusion softwares, respectively. Parameters were analyzed statistically using GraphPad Prism and MedCalc softwares. RESULTS: All low-grade DCIS lesions demonstrated mass enhancement with clear boundaries, while most middle-grade and high-grade DCIS lesions showed non-mass-like enhancement (NMLE). DCIS lesions were significantly different from benign lesions in terms of Ktrans , Kep , and D (t = 5.959, P < 0.0001; t = 5.679, P < 0.0001; and t = 5.629, P < 0.0001, respectively). The AUC of Ktrans , Kep , D and the combined indicator of Ktrans , Kep, and D were 0.936, 0.902, 0.860, and 0.976, respectively. There was a significant difference in diagnostic efficacy only between D and the combined indicator (Z = 2.408, P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI could make for the early diagnosis of DCIS, and reduce the misdiagnosis of DCIS and over-treatment of benign lesions.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA