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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 249: 112437, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794788

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Migraine is a disabling neurovascular disorder, which increases risk of cardiovascular events and is a social burden worldwide. The present first-line anti-migraine medications can cause overwhelming side-effects, of which one includes the onset of cardiovascular disease. As one of the marketed Tibetan drugs, Ru-yi-Zhen-bao Pills (RYZBP) have been clinically used to treat cardiovascular disorders and as anti-migraine medication. However, there is currently no research exploring the anti-migraine actions of RYZBP. AIM OF THE STUDY: The current research was designed to assess the anti-migraine roles of RYZBP and explore the underlying mechanisms in a nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced migraine rat model trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 rats were randomly divided into the following six groups of 20 rats each: normal control group, model control group, positive control group, and RYZBP high/medium/low-dose groups (Ru-yi-Zhen-bao Pills; TH 1.00 g/kg, TM 0.50 g/kg and TL 0.25 g/kg). All rats were administered intragastrically for 7 consecutive days, which were subcutaneously injected with the NTG (10 mg/kg) after the last gavage (except in the normal control group). 3min after NTG treatment, 30 rats (5 rats from each group) were anesthetized and devoted to electroencephalogram(EEG) testing, which was used to evaluate the analgesic effect of RYZBP. One hour after NTG treatment, the rest of the 90 rats (15 rats from each group) were anesthetized and midbrain tissue sample was dissected. The dissection was then washed with physiological saline and collected. The histopathological changes in the periaqueductal gray(PAG) of 5 tissue samples were determined by aematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, as well as an estimation of substance P (SP) and neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R) expression through immunohistochemically staining(IHC). Another 5 midbrain preparations were carried out to evaluate calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), proenkephalin (PENK), SP, and cholecystokinin (CCK) expressions by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The rest of the 5 brainstem tissues were then used to measure CCK, CGRP, and opioid peptide receptor (DORR) levels by western blotting(WB). RESULTS: In the EEG test, RYZBP (TM 0.50 g / kg) treatment transformed the EEG pain-wave of the NTG-induced migraine model rats in different time period. In the mechanism assay, compared with the model control group, RYZBP pretreatment reduced inflammatory cell infiltration, fibrosis and vacuolation of neuronal cells of PAG tissue seen by HE staining. IHC experiments further showed that RYZBPTM up-regulated SP expression levels and enhanced NK1R levels in the NTG-induced migraine rats (P < 0.05). Therapeutic administration of RYZBP also increased PENK mRNA expression and DORR protein level. Both RT-qPCR and western blotting trials indicated that RYZBP treatment significantly decreased CCK and CGRP expression levels (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) in the NTG-induced migraine rats. CONCLUSIONS: RYZBP has the potential to be an effective anti-migraine treatment through suppressing the EEG pain-wave, increasing the levels of SP, PENK, DORR and reducing expression of CCK and CGRP. Mediating the PAG anti-nociceptive channel and inhibiting central sensitization were the two potential mechanisms, which offers further evidence for clinical therapy.

2.
Indian Dermatol Online J ; 5(4): 449-55, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25396127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) play a critical role in the heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in China. Several studies reported that street-based FSWs have higher risk behaviors than establishment-based FSWs. Therefore, street-based FSWs should be specifically targeted for HIV and STIs intervention programs. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the prevalence rates and risk factors of HIV and syphilis among FSWs in Nanchang, China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using convenience sampling methods, 361 street-based FSWs were recruited from August 2011 to February 2012. All participants completed an anonymous questionnaire on socioeconomic and sex behavioral information and were tested for HIV and syphilis. Risk for HIV and syphilis infection was assessed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: No HIV infections were found. The prevalence rate of syphilis was 43.5%. Nearly 46.1% of street-based FSWs reported having education for no more than 6 years. Having reproductive tract infections at current visit, duration of sex work more than 5 years, indulgence in unprotected sex trade in the last time, unprotected sex trade in the last month, and unprotected sex with boyfriend or spouse in the last month were reported by 35.2%, 43.5%, 33.8%, 60.4%, and 93.1% street-based FSWs, respectively. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, having reproductive tract infections at current visit [odds ratio (OR), 12.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 6.01-24.37], duration of sex work more than five years (OR, 4.26; 95% CI, 2.40-7.54), and unprotected sex trade in the last month (OR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.06-3.22) were independently associated with syphilis infection. CONCLUSION: The prevalence rate of syphilis among street-based FSWs is very high. Most street-based FSWs in our survey had low education, long experience of commercial sex, and high rate of inconsistent condom use. Comprehensive interventions targeting this high-risk group, especially scaling up screening and ensuring consistent use of condoms during sex are needed.

3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 11(2): 104-12, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24631593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is primarily based on surgical excision using laser, a loop electrosurgical procedure, or a cold knife technique. Unfortunately, these treatments often lead to obstetrical problems during the subsequent pregnancy, particularly in young women. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which uses a topical or intravenous photosensitizer (PS) activated by a light source to ablate abnormal tissue, offers a minimally invasive alternative. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the effectiveness and safety of PDT in the treatment of CIN. METHODS: Following Cochrane guidelines, a comprehensive systematic review of all clinical studies and reports examining the use of PDT for CIN was conducted. Study quality was assessed using the Oxford Levels of Evidence Scale. RESULTS: The 14 studies included two randomized control trials (RCTs), one case-control study, and 11 case series. Among the 506 patients studied, 472 were included to study the effectiveness of PDT on CIN and 10 were lost to follow-up. An assessment of clinical effectiveness included the response of the lesion to treatment (may include lesion recurrence) reported by all 14 studies. The complete response rate (CRR) of PDT on CIN ranged from 0% to 100%. HPV eradication rate (HER) was reported in seven studies, with rates ranging from 53.4% to 80.0%. CONCLUSIONS: PDT is a safe and tolerable treatment for CIN. Evidence regarding the efficacy of PDT for CIN is conflicting, which may, in part, be explained by the limited number of controlled comparative clinical trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/mortalidade , Fotoquimioterapia/mortalidade , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Lesões por Radiação/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 14(4): 365-71, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18543080

RESUMO

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a group of DNA viruses that infect the skin and mucous membranes. Type HPV6/11 is closely related to Condyloma acuminatum, while HPV16/18 is the principal cause of cervical cancer. In this study, we examined the expression of protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 in Condyloma acuminatum, cervical cancer and the relationship between SHP-1/SHP2 expression and HPV infection. Forty Condyloma acuminatum cases, 20 cervical cancer cases and 20 normal human foreskins were examined for HPV infection by in situ hybridization and the expression of SHP-1 and SHP-2 were examined by immunohistochemistry. Results demonstrated that positive expression rates of HPV6/11, HPV16/18, and HPV31/33 were 98%, 10%, and 7.5% in Condyloma acuminatum, 10%, 85%, and 25% in cervical cancer. Only one normal foreskin demonstrated positive staining for HPV16/18. Positive expression rates of SHP-1 and SHP-2 were 80% and 85% in Condyloma acuminatum, 85% and 90% in cervical cancer. The SHP-1 and SHP-2 expressions were mainly distributed in the prickle layer of Condyloma acuminatum and were diffusely distributed in cervical cancer cells. Only 35% and 30% of foreskins demonstrated weak staining in the basal layer cells. There were statistically significant correlations among the infection of HPV and the expression of SHP-1 and SHP-2 in both Condyloma acuminatum and cervical cancer (P < 0.05). SHP-1 expression has a positive correlation with SHP-2 expression. Our results demonstrate putative roles of SHP-1 and SHP-2 in the progression of both Condyloma acuminatum and cervical cancer after HPV infection.


Assuntos
Condiloma Acuminado/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/biossíntese , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 6/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Condiloma Acuminado/metabolismo , Feminino , Prepúcio do Pênis/metabolismo , Prepúcio do Pênis/virologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
5.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 29(5): 597-602, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18051712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform an comparative proteome analysis of human papillomavirus-infected cervical specimens and to investigate different expressions between high- and low-risk genotypes. METHODS: The cervical specimens were divided into two groups (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia group and condyloma acuminatum group) according to their genotypes. Using comparative proteome technology, high-risk human papillomavirus-infected cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, low-risk human papillomavirus-infected condyloma acuminatum, and normal cervical intraepithelial tissue were compared. The differential expression protein spots were identified by mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Totally 26 differential spots were selected and analyzed, and 22 peptide mass fingerprints (PMF) maps were obtained by MALDI-TOF-MS. Eighteen proteins were preliminarily identified after searching the NCBInr database. The function information of these 18 proteins mainly involved cell metabolism, signal transduction, cell secretion, cell cytoskeleton construction, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: The proteomic expressions after the cervical infection of high- or low-risk genotype of human papillomavirus are obviously different.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Condiloma Acuminado/metabolismo , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Doenças do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Condiloma Acuminado/virologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Risco , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Doenças do Colo do Útero/virologia
6.
World J Gastroenterol ; 11(41): 6483-8, 2005 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16425420

RESUMO

AIM: To study the role of hepatic sinusoidal capillarization and perisinusoidal fibrosis in rats with alcohol-induced portal hypertension and to discuss the pathological mechanisms of alcohol-induced hepatic portal hypertension. METHODS: Fifty SD rats were divided into control group (n=20) and model group (n=30). Alcoholic liver fibrosis rat model was induced by intragastric infusion of a mixture containing alcohol, corn oil and pyrazole (1 000:250:3). Fifteen rats in each group were killed at wk 16. The diameter and pressure of portal vein were measured. Plasma hyaluronic acid (HA), type IV collagen (CoIV) and laminin (LN) were determined by radioimmunoassay. Liver tissue was fixed in formalin (10%) and 6-mum thick sections were routinely stained with Mallory and Sirius Red. Liver tissue was treated with rabbit polyclonal antibody against LN and ColIV. Hepatic non-parenchymal cells were isolated, total protein was extracted and separated by SDS-PAGE. MMP-2 and TIMP-1 protein expression was estimated by Western blotting. RESULTS: The diameter (2.207+/-0.096 vs 1.528+/-0.054 mm, P<0.01) and pressure (11.014+/-0.395 vs 8.533+/-0.274 mmHg, P<0.01) of portal vein were significantly higher in model group than those in the control group. Plasma HA (129.97+/-16.10 vs 73.09+/-2.38 ng/mL, P<0.01), ColIV (210.49+/-4.36 vs 89.65+/-4.42 ng/mL, P<0.01) and LN (105.00+/-7.29 vs 55.70+/-4.32 ng/mL, P<0.01) were upregulated in model group. Abundant collagen deposited around the central vein of lobules, hepatic sinusoids and hepatocytes in model group. ColI and ColIII increased remarkably and perisinusoids were almost surrounded by ColIII. Immunohistochemical staining showed that ColIV protein level (0.130+/-0.007 vs 0.032+/-0.004, P<0.01) and LN protein level (0.152+/-0.005 vs 0.029+/-0.005, P<0.01) were up-regulated remarkably in model group. MMP-2 protein expression (2.306+/-1.089 vs 0.612+/-0.081, P<0.01) and TIMP-1 protein expression (3.015+/-1.364 vs 0.446+/-0.009, P<0.01) in freshly isolated hepatic non-parenchymal cells were up-regulated in model group and TIMP-1 protein expression was evidently higher than MMP-2 protein expression (2.669+/-0.170 vs 1.695+/-0.008, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Hepatic sinusoidal capillarization and peri-sinusoidal fibrosis are responsible for alcohol-induced portal hypertension in rats.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Portal/patologia , Hipertensão Portal/fisiopatologia , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/patologia , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/fisiopatologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose , Hipertensão Portal/etiologia , Circulação Hepática , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/etiologia , Masculino , Microcirculação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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