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1.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 151, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fulminant liver failure (FHF) is a serious clinical problem and liver transplantation is the major intervention. But the overall survival rate of FHF is low owing to the donated organ shortage. Apolipoprotein A-V (ApoA5) is a regulator of triglyceride metabolism and has been reported to act as a predictor for remnant liver growth after preoperative portal vein embolization and liver surgery. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of ApoA5 on lipopolysaccharide/D-galactosamine (LPS/D-GalN)-induced fulminant liver failure in mice. METHODS: FHF mouse model was established using LPS/D-GalN and ApoA5 plasmid was injected by tail vein prior to LPS/D-GalN treatment. The expressions of ApoA5, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κBp65) were assessed by real-time PCR and western blotting. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were measured using automatic biochemical analyzer. Histological assessment and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining were conducted. Survival rate after LPS/D-GalN administration was also determined with Kaplan-Meier curve. Meanwhile, the expression of ApoA5 in injured huh7 cells was tested. Cell apoptosis analysis was performed after huh7 cells were transfected with ApoA5 plasmid and stimulated with LPS. RESULTS: The expressions of ApoA5 decreased both in injured huh7 cells and FHF mice. ApoA5 overexpression reduced cell death rate using flow cytometry. ApoA5 not only decreased the serum ALT and TNF-α levels but also attenuated hepatic damage in hematoxylin-eosin (HE)-stained liver section. The protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κBp65 were inhibited when ApoA5 overexpressed. But the inhibitory effect would weaken with the increasing concentration of LPS in spite of ApoA5 overexpression. Besides, ApoA5 improved liver injury in a dose-dependent manner and the survival rate in FHF mice increased with increasing concentration of ApoA5. CONCLUSION: ApoA5 had a protective effect against LPS/D-GalN-induced fulminant liver failure in mice within a certain range by inhibiting TLR4-mediated NF-κB pathway.

3.
J Viral Hepat ; 26(5): 586-595, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632235

RESUMO

The correlation between serum HBcrAg and HBV RNA is unclear, and correlations of intrahepatic cccDNA with HBcrAg, HBV RNA and HBsAg are rarely reported in the same cohort. This study aimed to assess the correlation of HBcrAg with HBV RNA and HBsAg, and investigate whether serum HBcrAg is superior to serum HBV RNA and HBsAg in reflecting intrahepatic HBV cccDNA in HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB patients. In this study, 85 HBeAg-positive and 25 HBeAg-negative patients who have never received antiviral therapy were included. Among HBeAg-positive patients, HBcrAg was correlated positively with HBsAg (r = 0.564, P < 0.001) and HBV RNA (r = 0.445, P < 0.001), and HBV RNA was also correlated positively with HBsAg (r = 0.323, P = 0.003). Among HBeAg-negative patients, no significant correlation was observed between HBcrAg, HBsAg and HBV RNA. By multivariable linear regression, HBcrAg (ß = -0.563, P < 0.001), HBsAg (ß = -0.328, P < 0.001) and HBV RNA (ß = 0.180, P = 0.003) were all associated with cccDNA levels among HBeAg-positive patients, but only serum HBcrAg was associated with cccDNA level (ß = 0.774, P = 0.000) among HBeAg-negative patients. HBcrAg was better correlated with cccDNA as compared to HBsAg and HBV RNA, irrespective of HBeAg status. Among HBeAg-positive patients, though HBcrAg level was influenced by hepatic inflammatory activity and HBV DNA levels, the good correlations of HBcrAg with cccDNA persisted after stratification by inflammatory activity and HBV DNA levels. In conclusion, correlations of serum HBcrAg, HBV RNA and HBsAg levels differ significantly between HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative patients, but serum HbcrAg correlates with cccDNA levels better than HBV RNA and HBsAg, irrespective of HBeAg status.

4.
J Viral Hepat ; 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380166

RESUMO

Optional treatments for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 6 infection have not been extensively studied. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir (SOF)-based direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for HCV GT6. We performed a retrospective study at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University in Southwest China from January 2016 to May 2017. Our study screened 130 treatment-naïve patients with chronic HCV GT6 and without liver cirrhosis. A total of 60 HCV GT6 patients were ultimately enrolled. All patients received SOF-based DAAs therapy, including SOF 400 mg plus daclatasvir (DCV) 60 mg daily or SOF 400 mg plus velpatasvir (VEL) 100 mg daily for 12 weeks. The sustained virological response 12 weeks after treatment (SVR12) was 100% (60/60) in treatment-naïve patients with HCV GT6, including 100% (37/37) of patients receiving SOF plus DCV therapy and 100% (23/23) of patients receiving SOF plus VEL therapy. Measurements of liver stiffness were significantly decreased in patients at week 12 (P = 0.014) and week 24 (P < 0.001) of DAAs treatment compared to baseline values. The serum biomarker aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis-4 score were also significantly reduced at week 12 and week 24 compared to before treatment (both P < 0.001). SOF-based therapy was well-tolerated, and no serious adverse events were reported. In conclusion, SOF plus DCV and SOF plus VEL were safe and achieved a high SVR12 rate for treatment-naïve patients with HCV GT6 without liver cirrhosis.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30383554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A combination of sofosbuvir (SOF)+NS5A inhibitor therapies is the main treatment for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype-2 (GT-2) chronic infection, but the data are rarely reported in China. This study aimed to investigate the virological response and liver fibrosis improvement among GT-2 patients receiving SOF+NS5A inhibitors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients who received SOF+NS5A inhibitors between March 2016 and July 2017 were recruited. The treatment duration was 12 weeks and the treatment strategies included SOF+daclatasvir, SOF/ledipasvir, and SOF/velpatasvir. The primary endpoint was a sustained virologic response (serum HCV RNA undetectable) at week 12 after the end of therapy and the secondary endpoint was the improvement in liver stiffness and scores of apartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index and fibrosis-4. RESULTS: A total of 30 GT-2 patients were enrolled, with 13 (43.3%) patients in SOF+daclatasvir, 13 (43.3%) patients in SOF/ledipasvir, and four (13.3%) patients in SOF/velpatasvir. All patients [30/30 (100%)] achieved SVR, irrespective of treatment regimens and degree of liver fibrosis. After the treatment, liver fibrosis scores of apartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (2.27±2.14 vs. 0.89±0.77, P=0.003) and fibrosis-4 (1.17±1.22 vs. 0.42±0.25, P=0.013) were both significantly lower than those before treatment. CONCLUSION: SOF+NS5A inhibitor therapies may induce an excellent virological response and fibrosis improvement in HCV GT-2-infected patients.

6.
Virol J ; 15(1): 150, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 3 infection with advanced liver disease has emerged as a challenging to treat by direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), but the efficacy of DAAs in Chinese HCV-GT3 patients is rarely reported. This study aimed to analyze the efficacy of sofosbuvir (SOF)-based regimens in Chinese patients with HCV-GT3 and compensated liver disease. METHODS: This was a registered retrospective study. All patients had completed at least 12 weeks SOF-based regimens therapy (with or without RBV), and were followed up for at least 24 weeks after therapy discontinuation. The primary endpoint was sustained virological response 24 weeks after end of therapy (SVR24). RESULTS: A total of 102 patients who completed at least 12 weeks therapy were finally included, with 57 in SOF + Daclatasvir (SOF + DCV), 24 in SOF + DCV + ribavirin (RBV) and 21 in SOF/Velpatasvir (SOF/VEL). The total SVR24 rate was achieved in 90.20% (92/102), with 85.96% (49/57) in SOF + DCV, 91.67% (22/24) in SOF + DCV + RBV and 100.00% (21/21) in SOF/VEL. Among 10 relapsed patients (8 in SOF + DCV and 2 in SOF + DCV + RBV), the short course (12 weeks) of therapy and no RBV addition may be the leading cause. In this cohort, the SVR24 rate was not statistically different between patients with and without cirrhosis (81.82% [27/33] vs. 94.20% [65/69], P = 0.073). Additionally, both FIB-4 (4.03 vs. 2.08, P < 0.001) and APRI (2.15 vs. 0.68, P < 0.001) scores were significant improved from baseline to week 24 after completion of therapy, regardless of the presence of cirrhosis. CONCLUSION: SOF-based regimens are highly effective in viral clearance and fibrosis remission for Chinese patients with HCV-GT3 infection. If available, SOF/VEL should be first considered.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus/classificação , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Carbamatos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30274791

RESUMO

AIMS: To analyze the role of serum miR-125b-5p in reflecting liver damage and predicting outcomes in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). METHODS: CHB patients with normal hepatic function (n = 100), moderate-to-severe liver damage (n = 90), and ACLF (n = 136) were included. Among hepatitis B virus (HBV)-ACLF patients, 86 and 50 were in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. Serum miR-125b-5p level was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Serum miR-125b-5p level increased with disease progression, and serum miR-125b-5p level was lower in surviving than in dead HBV-ACLF patients. Among HBV-ACLF patients, miR-125b-5p positively correlated with total bilirubin (TBil; r = 0.214, p < 0.05) and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score (r = 0.382, p < 0.001) and negatively correlated with prothrombin activity(PTA; r = -0.215, p < 0.05). MiR-122 showed a contrasting performance compared with miR-125b-5p. Cox regression analysis showed that miR-125b-5p, miR-122, and PTA were independent survival predictors for HBV-ACLF, and low miR-125b-5p and high miR-122 levels may predict a longer survival in HBV-ACLF. MiR-125b-5p (AUC = 0.814) had a higher performance for survival prediction in HBV-ACLF compared with miR-122 (AUC = 0.804), PTA (AUC = 0.762), MELD score (AUC = 0.799), and TBil (AUC = 0.670) alone; predictive effectiveness of miR-125b-5p was increased by combination with miR-122 (AUC = 0.898). MiR-125b-5p was an effective predictor of HBV-ACLF outcomes in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-125b-5p increase is associated with severity of liver damage; high serum miR-125b-5p may serve as a predictor for poor outcomes in HBV-ACLF cases.

8.
Virol J ; 15(1): 61, 2018 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the emergence of HBV rtA181T/sW172* mutant could result in a dominant secretion defect of HBsAg and increase the risk of HCC development. This study was designed to reveal the role and possible pathogenic mechanism of truncated mutant HBsAg in tumorigenesis of HBV rtA181T/sW172* mutant. RESULTS: As compared to wide type or substituted mutant HBsAg, the ratio of cell clones was significant higher in L02 cells stable expressing truncated mutant HBsAg. Injection of L02 cells stable expressing truncated mutant HBsAg into the dorsal skin fold of nude mice resulted in increased primary tumor growth compared to L02 cells stable expressing wide-type and substituted mutant HBsAg. In HBV replication L02 cell lines, the key molecular involved in TGF-ß/Smad pathway was also investigated. We found that the mRNA and protein levels of Smad3/2, CREB and CyclinD1 were significantly higher and TGFBI level was significantly lower in cells stably expressing truncated mutant HBsAg as compared to cells stably expressing wide-type and substituted mutant HBsAg. Additionally, after administration of TGF-ß1 (increasing TGFBI level), the volume of tumor is obviously reduced in nude mice with injection of L02 cells stable expressing truncated HBsAg. CONCLUSIONS: The emergence of sW172* mutant may increase the tumorigenesis of HBV, and its mechanism may be associated with down-regulated expression of TGFBI in TGF-ß/Smad signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Expressão Gênica , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B/metabolismo , Hepatite B/virologia , Mutação , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Transformação Celular Viral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/imunologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Curr Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(3): 193-201, 2018 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver failure is a life-threatening liver disease encompassing severe acute deterioration of liver function. Emergency liver transplantation is the only curative treatment for liver failure, but is restricted by the severe shortage of organ donors. Stem cell, including embroyonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, hematopoietic stem cells and hepatic progenitor cells, have capacity to proliferate and differentiate and could be used in a variety of liver diseases including hereditary liver diseases, cirrhosis and liver failure. OBJECTIVE: We summarized the basic experimental and clinical advances of stem cell transplantation in liver failure treatment, and also discussed the advantages and disadvantage of different stem cells subtype in this field, aiming to provide a perspective on the stem cell-based therapy for liver failure. RESULTS: Stem cells, especially mesenchymal stem cells (mainly low immunogenicity and paracrine characteristics) and induced pluripotent stem cells (generation of desired cell type from somatic cell), are feasible candidates for cell therapy in the treatment of liver failure, but there are some drawbacks remaining to be resolved, such as low engraftment, cryotpreservation methods and tumorigenesis. CONCLUSION: Stem cell transplantation is a promising but challenging strategy and paves a new way for curing liver failure. But more efforts need to be made to overcome problems before this new strategy could be safely and effectively applied to humans.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Falência Hepática/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Animais , Humanos , Medicina Regenerativa
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