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Theranostics ; 11(16): 7879-7895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335970


Rationale: Previous studies have shown that human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes improved myocardial recovery when administered to infarcted pig and non-human primate hearts. However, the engraftment of intramyocardially delivered cells is poor and the effectiveness of clinically relevant doses of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) in large animal models of myocardial injury remains unknown. Here, we determined whether thymosin ß4 (Tb4) could improve the engraftment and reparative potency of transplanted hiPSC-CMs in a porcine model of myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Tb4 was delivered from injected gelatin microspheres, which extended the duration of Tb4 administration for up to two weeks in vitro. After MI induction, pigs were randomly distributed into 4 treatment groups: the MI Group was injected with basal medium; the Tb4 Group received gelatin microspheres carrying Tb4; the CM Group was treated with 1.2 × 108 hiPSC-CMs; and the Tb4+CM Group received both the Tb4 microspheres and hiPSC-CMs. Myocardial recovery was assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), arrhythmogenesis was monitored with implanted loop recorders, and tumorigenesis was evaluated via whole-body MRI. Results: In vitro, 600 ng/mL of Tb4 protected cultured hiPSC-CMs from hypoxic damage by upregulating AKT activity and BcL-XL and promoted hiPSC-CM and hiPSC-EC proliferation. In infarcted pig hearts, hiPSC-CM transplantation alone had a minimal effect on myocardial recovery, but co-treatment with Tb4 significantly enhanced hiPSC-CM engraftment, induced vasculogenesis and the proliferation of cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells, improved left ventricular systolic function, and reduced infarct size. hiPSC-CM implantation did not increase incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and did not induce tumorigenesis in the immunosuppressed pigs. Conclusions: Co-treatment with Tb4-microspheres and hiPSC-CMs was safe and enhanced the reparative potency of hiPSC-CMs for myocardial repair in a large-animal model of MI.

Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Timosina/farmacologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , China , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Regeneração , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Suínos , Timosina/metabolismo , Timosina/fisiologia
Exp Anim ; 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34135271


Transverse aortic constriction (TAC) has been widely used to study cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, diastolic dysfunction, and heart failure in rodents. Few studies have been reported in preclinical animal models. The similar physiology and anatomy between non-human primates (NHPs) and humans make NHPs valuable models for disease modeling and testing of drugs and devices. In the current study, we aimed to establish a TAC model in NHPs and characterize the structural and functional profiles of the heart after TAC. A non-absorbable suture was placed around the aorta between the brachiocephalic artery and left common carotid artery to create TAC. NHPs were divided into 2 groups according to pressure gradient (PG): the Mild Group (PG=31.01 ± 12.40 mmHg, n=3) and the Moderate Group (PG=53.00 ± 9.37 mmHg, n=4). At 4 weeks after TAC, animals in both TAC groups developed cardiac hypertrophy: enlarged myocytes and increased wall thickness of the left ventricular (LV) anterior wall. Although both TAC groups had normal systolic function that was similar to a Sham Group, the Moderate Group showed diastolic dysfunction that was associated with more severe cardiac fibrosis, as evidenced by a reduced A wave velocity, large E wave velocity/A wave velocity ratio, and short isovolumic relaxation time corrected by heart rate. Furthermore, no LV arrhythmia was observed in either animal group after TAC. A diastolic dysfunction model with cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis was successfully developed in NHPs.