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1.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 45(4): 369-374, jul.-ago. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-165097

RESUMO

Introduction: Allergic diseases affect 15–20% of the paediatric population in the industrialised world. Most educational centres in Spain do not have health professionals among their staff, and the teachers are in charge of child care in school. The advisability of specific training of the teaching staff should be considered, with the introduction of concrete intervention plans in the event of life-threatening emergencies in schools. Material and methods: Evaluation of the training needs constitutes the first step in planning an educational project. In this regard, the Health Education Group of the Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology, Allergology and Paediatric Asthma (Grupo de Educación Sanitaria de la Sociedad Española de Inmunología Clínica, Alergología y Asma Pediátrica [SEICAAP]) assessed the knowledge of teachers in five Spanish Autonomous Communities, using a self-administered questionnaire specifically developed for this study. The data obtained were analysed using the SPSS statistical package. Results: A total of 2479 teachers completed the questionnaire. Most of them claimed to know what asthma is, and almost one half considered that they would know how to act in the event of an asthma attack. This proportion was higher among physical education teachers. Most would not know how to act in the case of anaphylaxis or be able to administer the required medication. In general, the teachers expressed interest in receiving training and in having an interventional protocol applicable to situations of this kind. Discussion: It is important to know what the training requirements are in order to develop plans for intervention in the event of an emergency in school. Teachers admit a lack of knowledge on how to deal with these disorders, but express a wish to receive training (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Asma , Anafilaxia , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Saúde/tendências
2.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 45(4): 369-374, 2017 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28238404

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases affect 15-20% of the paediatric population in the industrialised world. Most educational centres in Spain do not have health professionals among their staff, and the teachers are in charge of child care in school. The advisability of specific training of the teaching staff should be considered, with the introduction of concrete intervention plans in the event of life-threatening emergencies in schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of the training needs constitutes the first step in planning an educational project. In this regard, the Health Education Group of the Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology, Allergology and Paediatric Asthma (Grupo de Educación Sanitaria de la Sociedad Española de Inmunología Clínica, Alergología y Asma Pediátrica [SEICAAP]) assessed the knowledge of teachers in five Spanish Autonomous Communities, using a self-administered questionnaire specifically developed for this study. The data obtained were analysed using the SPSS statistical package. RESULTS: A total of 2479 teachers completed the questionnaire. Most of them claimed to know what asthma is, and almost one half considered that they would know how to act in the event of an asthma attack. This proportion was higher among physical education teachers. Most would not know how to act in the case of anaphylaxis or be able to administer the required medication. In general, the teachers expressed interest in receiving training and in having an interventional protocol applicable to situations of this kind. DISCUSSION: It is important to know what the training requirements are in order to develop plans for intervention in the event of an emergency in school. Teachers admit a lack of knowledge on how to deal with these disorders, but express a wish to receive training.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia/epidemiologia , Asma/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Professores Escolares , Adulto , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Feminino , Guias como Assunto , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Educação Física e Treinamento , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 44(2): 131-137, mar.-abr. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-150660

RESUMO

Background: Parents’/caregivers’ quality of life is an important aspect to consider when handling paediatric asthma, but there is a paucity of valid and reliable instruments to measure it. The Family Impact of Childhood Bronchial Asthma (IFABI-R) is a recently developed questionnaire to facilitate the assessment of asthma-related parents’/caregivers’ quality of life. This study researches the psychometric properties of IFABI-R. Methods: Parents/main caregivers of 462 children between 4 and 14 years of age with active asthma were included in the sample. IFABI-R was administered on two different occasions and a number of other variables related to the parents’/caregivers’ quality of life were measured: child's asthma control, family functioning, and parents’/caregivers’ perception of asthma symptoms in the child. IFABI-R evaluative and discriminative properties were analysed, and the minimal important change in the IFABI-R score was identified. Results: IFABI-R showed high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.941), cross-sectional construct validity (correlation with the degree of child's asthma control, family functioning and parent/caregiver perception of the child's asthma symptoms), longitudinal construct validity (correlation of changes in the IFABI-R with changes in asthma control and changes in the perception of symptoms), sensitivity to change and test–retest reliability. An absolute change of 0.3 units in IFABI-R related to a minimal significant change in the parents’/caregivers’ quality of life. Conclusions: IFABI-R is a reliable and valid instrument to study the quality of life of parents/caregivers of children with asthma (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Cuidadores/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/prevenção & controle , Monitoramento Epidemiológico/tendências , Impactos na Saúde , Saúde da Família , Psicometria , Espanha/epidemiologia
4.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 44(2): 131-7, 2016 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26242567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parents'/caregivers' quality of life is an important aspect to consider when handling paediatric asthma, but there is a paucity of valid and reliable instruments to measure it. The Family Impact of Childhood Bronchial Asthma (IFABI-R) is a recently developed questionnaire to facilitate the assessment of asthma-related parents'/caregivers' quality of life. This study researches the psychometric properties of IFABI-R. METHODS: Parents/main caregivers of 462 children between 4 and 14 years of age with active asthma were included in the sample. IFABI-R was administered on two different occasions and a number of other variables related to the parents'/caregivers' quality of life were measured: child's asthma control, family functioning, and parents'/caregivers' perception of asthma symptoms in the child. IFABI-R evaluative and discriminative properties were analysed, and the minimal important change in the IFABI-R score was identified. RESULTS: IFABI-R showed high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.941), cross-sectional construct validity (correlation with the degree of child's asthma control, family functioning and parent/caregiver perception of the child's asthma symptoms), longitudinal construct validity (correlation of changes in the IFABI-R with changes in asthma control and changes in the perception of symptoms), sensitivity to change and test-retest reliability. An absolute change of 0.3 units in IFABI-R related to a minimal significant change in the parents'/caregivers' quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: IFABI-R is a reliable and valid instrument to study the quality of life of parents/caregivers of children with asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
5.
J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol ; 17(4): 249-56, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17694697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of seasons on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of asthmatic children. METHODS: Four groups of asthmatic children 7 to 14 years old were recruited by pediatricians during each season of the year. Their HRQL was assessed by means of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ). Other factors surveyed were asthma severity, atopy, medical treatment, immunotherapy, obesity, parental smoking, and anti-allergic measures. RESULTS: The mean (SD) overall PAQLQ score was highest in summer at 6.2 (1.0) and lowest in autumn at 5.5 (1.2). The same trend was found for domains in summer and autumn, respectively: symptoms, 6.2 (1.0) vs 5.4 (1.4); emotions, 6.5 (0.8) vs 6.0 (1.0); and activities, 5.9 (1.4) vs. 5.0 (1.5). Factors such as male gender (odds ratio [OR], 0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.41-0.87), being on immunotherapy (OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.38-0.92), living in an urban environment (OR, 0.56; 0.33-0.93), and residing on the northern coast of Spain along the Bay of Biscay (OR, 0.56; 0.36-0.89) were independent protective factors against having a total PAQLQ score in the lower tertile. Conversely, being recruited in a primary care setting (OR, 1.55; 1.01-2.38) and having more severe asthma were risks for being in the lower tertile. CONCLUSIONS: Irrespective of the severity of the disease, season has a significant influence on the HRQL of asthmatic children.


Assuntos
Asma/complicações , Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Estações do Ano , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Médicos , Características de Residência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha
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