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1.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647202

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent data suggest that margins ≥2 mm after breast-conserving surgery may improve local control in invasive breast cancer (BC). By allowing large resection volumes, oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCII; Clough level II/Tübingen 5-6) may achieve better local control than conventional breast conserving surgery (BCS; Tübingen 1-2) or oncoplastic breast conservation with low resection volumes (OBCI; Clough level I/Tübingen 3-4). METHODS: Data from consecutive high-risk BC patients treated in 15 centers from the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium (OPBC) network, between January 2010 and December 2013, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 3,177 women were included, 30% of whom were treated with OBC (OBCI n = 663; OBCII n = 297). The BCS/OBCI group had significantly smaller tumors and smaller resection margins compared with OBCII (pT1: 50% vs. 37%, p = 0.002; proportion with margin <1 mm: 17% vs. 6%, p < 0.001). There were significantly more re-excisions due to R1 ("ink on tumor") in the BCS/OBCI compared with the OBCII group (11% vs. 7%, p = 0.049). Univariate and multivariable regression analysis adjusted for tumor biology, tumor size, radiotherapy, and systemic treatment demonstrated no differences in local, regional, or distant recurrence-free or overall survival between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Large resection volumes in oncoplastic surgery increases the distance from cancer cells to the margin of the specimen and reduces reexcision rates significantly. With OBCII larger tumors are resected with similar local, regional and distant recurrence-free as well as overall survival rates as BCS/OBCI.

3.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e045239, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475143

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The emphasis on aesthetic outcomes and quality of life (QoL) has motivated surgeons to develop skin-sparing or nipple-sparing mastectomy (SSM/ NSM) for breast cancer treatment or prevention. During the same operation, a so-called immediate breast reconstruction is performed. The breast can be reconstructed by positioning of a breast implant above (prepectoral) or below (subpectoral) the pectoralis major muscle or by using the patients' own tissue (autologous reconstruction). The optimal positioning of the implant prepectoral or subpectoral is currently not clear. Subpectoral implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) is still standard care in many countries, but prepectoral IBBR is increasingly performed. This heterogeneity in breast reconstruction practice is calling for randomised clinical trials (RCTs) to guide treatment decisions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: International, pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, superiority trial. The primary objective of this trial is to test whether prepectoral IBBR provides better QoL with respect to long-term (24 months) physical well-being (chest) compared with subpectoral IBBR for patients undergoing SSM or NSM for prevention or treatment of breast cancer. Secondary objectives will compare prepectoral versus subpectoral IBBR in terms of safety, QoL and patient satisfaction, aesthetic outcomes and burden on patients. Total number of patients to be included: 372 (186 per arm). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will be conducted in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical approval has been obtained for the lead investigator's site by the Ethics Committee 'Ethikkommission Nordwest- und Zentralschweiz' (2020-00256, 26 March 2020). The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed medical journal, independent of the results, following the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials standards for RCTs and good publication practice. Metadata describing the type, size and content of the datasets will be shared along with the study protocol and case report forms on public repositories adhering to the FAIR (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reuse) principles. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04293146.


Assuntos
Implante Mamário , Implantes de Mama , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Mamilos/cirurgia
4.
Breast ; 60: 98-110, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555676

RESUMO

AIM: We developed tailored axillary surgery (TAS) to reduce the axillary tumor volume in patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer to the point where radiotherapy can control it. The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of tumor load reduction achieved by TAS. METHODS: International multicenter prospective study embedded in a randomized trial. TAS is a novel pragmatic concept for axillary surgery de-escalation that combines palpation-guided removal of suspicious nodes with the sentinel procedure and, optionally, imaging-guided localization. Pre-specified study endpoints quantified surgical extent and reduction of tumor load. RESULTS: A total of 296 patients were included at 28 sites in four European countries, 125 (42.2%) of whom underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and 71 (24.0%) achieved nodal pathologic complete response. Axillary metastases were detectable only by imaging in 145 (49.0%) patients. They were palpable in 151 (51.0%) patients, of whom 63 underwent NACT and 21 had residual palpable disease after NACT. TAS removed the biopsied and clipped node in 279 (94.3%) patients. In 225 patients with nodal disease at the time of surgery, TAS removed a median of five (IQR 3-7) nodes, two (IQR 1-4) of which were positive. Of these 225 patients, 100 underwent ALND after TAS, which removed a median of 14 (IQR 10-17) additional nodes and revealed additional positive nodes in 70/100 (70%) of patients. False-negative rate of TAS in patients who underwent subsequent ALND was 2.6%. CONCLUSIONS: TAS selectively reduced the tumor load in the axilla and remained much less radical than ALND.

5.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic delay of breast cancer related to the false-negative assessment of the healthcare provider leads to tumor progression and might worsen the outcome. Previous studies found some factors associated with provider-related diagnostic delay; however, tumor biology has tended not to be considered. The aim of our study was to find differences in diagnostic delay of poorly differentiated breast cancer types. METHODS: Data of 970 patients with newly diagnosed moderately/poorly differentiated (G2/3) breast cancer at the age ≥40 years was retrospectively analyzed regarding breast cancer type, diagnostic delay and its consequence, clinical factors and physician's assessment. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate associated factors with diagnostic delay. RESULTS: We observed a diagnostic delay in 3.8% (n = 37) of all patients. Mean delay time was 128 days, and clinically relevant tumor growth was observed in 43.2% of these cases. Delay was significantly higher in the group of triple-negative breast cancer (9.9% versus 2.7, 5.3 and 1.8% in hormonal receptor (HR)+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-, HR-/Her2+ and HR+/Her2+, respectively; P value <0.001). Age, breast density and reason for presentation were not correlated to diagnostic delay. CONCLUSION: Patients with triple-negative breast cancer are at higher risk of receiving a false-negative assessment and experiencing a diagnostic delay. Our results emphasize the importance of a detailed consideration of clinical risk factors and provider training and suggest a broad indication for a core needle biopsy.

7.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(1): e18-e28, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387500

RESUMO

Primary systemic therapy is increasingly used in the treatment of patients with early-stage breast cancer, but few guidelines specifically address optimal locoregional therapies. Therefore, we established an international consortium to discuss clinical evidence and to provide expert advice on technical management of patients with early-stage breast cancer. The steering committee prepared six working packages to address all major clinical questions from diagnosis to surgery. During a consensus meeting that included members from European scientific oncology societies, clinical trial groups, and patient advocates, statements were discussed and voted on. A consensus was reached in 42% of statements, a majority in 38%, and no decision in 21%. Based on these findings, the panel developed clinical guidance recommendations and a toolbox to overcome many clinical and technical requirements associated with the diagnosis, response assessment, surgical planning, and surgery of patients with early-stage breast cancer. This guidance could convince clinicians and patients of the major clinical advancements purported by primary systemic therapy, the use of less extensive and more targeted surgery to improve the lives of patients with breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Mastectomia Segmentar/normas , Oncologia/normas , Terapia Neoadjuvante/normas , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Anesthesiology ; 133(3): 548-558, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of anesthetic drugs on cancer outcomes remains unclear. This trial aimed to assess postoperative circulating tumor cell counts-an independent prognostic factor for breast cancer-to determine how anesthesia may indirectly affect prognosis. It was hypothesized that patients receiving sevoflurane would have higher postoperative tumor cell counts. METHODS: The parallel, randomized controlled trial was conducted in two centers in Switzerland. Patients aged 18 to 85 yr without metastases and scheduled for primary breast cancer surgery were eligible. The patients were randomly assigned to either sevoflurane or propofol anesthesia. The patients and outcome assessors were blinded. The primary outcome was circulating tumor cell counts over time, assessed at three time points postoperatively (0, 48, and 72 h) by the CellSearch assay. Secondary outcomes included maximal circulating tumor cells value, positivity (cutoff: at least 1 and at least 5 tumor cells/7.5 ml blood), and the association between natural killer cell activity and tumor cell counts. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02005770). RESULTS: Between March 2014 and April 2018, 210 participants were enrolled, assigned to sevoflurane (n = 107) or propofol (n = 103) anesthesia, and eventually included in the analysis. Anesthesia type did not affect circulating tumor cell counts over time (median circulating tumor cell count [interquartile range]; for propofol: 1 [0 to 4] at 0 h, 1 [0 to 2] at 48 h, and 0 [0 to 1] at 72 h; and for sevoflurane: 1 [0 to 4] at 0 h, 0 [0 to 2] at 48 h, and 1 [0 to 2] at 72 h; rate ratio, 1.27 [95% CI, 0.95 to 1.71]; P = 0.103) or positivity. In one secondary analysis, administrating sevoflurane led to a significant increase in maximal tumor cell counts postoperatively. There was no association between natural killer cell activity and circulating tumor cell counts. CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of anesthesia on an independent prognostic factor for breast cancer, there was no difference between sevoflurane and propofol with respect to circulating tumor cell counts over time.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Inalatórios/farmacologia , Anestésicos Intravenosos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/efeitos dos fármacos , Propofol/farmacologia , Sevoflurano/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Suíça , Adulto Jovem
10.
Anticancer Res ; 40(4): 2125-2131, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) can be divided into subtypes of basal-like (BL), mesenchymal-like (ML), luminal androgen receptor (LAR), and immunomodulatory (IM). The aim of our study was to assess whether there are distinct radiologic features within the different TNBC subtypes and whether this has potential clinical impact. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Imaging pictures of 135 patients with TNBC were re-evaluated. TNBC subtyping was performed on asservated tumor tissue using a panel of antibodies. RESULTS: Mammographic margins of LAR-TNBC were more often spiculated (24.3% versus 0-4.1%). BL-TNBC presented more frequent a mass without calcification in mammogram than other subtypes (71.4% versus 48.6-57.9%). In ultrasound, ML and LAR were described more often with smooth borders. CONCLUSION: The histopathological subtype of TNBC influences its presentation in ultrasound and mammogram. This can reflect a different growth pattern of the subtypes and may have an impact on the early diagnosis of TNBC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Mamografia/métodos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/classificação , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
12.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(11): 3455-3461, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients with local and/or locoregional recurrence (LR) are at higher risk of developing distant metastases (DM) at a later time. Once LR has been confirmed, some international interdisciplinary guidelines recommend performing radiological examinations for DM to determine the course of further therapy (curative or palliative approach). This study analyzed the metastatic patterns of patients with LR with particular regard to the frequency of concurrent diagnosis of LR and DM; in other words: are radiological staging procedures actually justified for DM at the time of diagnosis of LR? METHODS: This study included all patients (n = 1368) who were diagnosed and treated for nonmetastatic breast cancer (Stage I-III) at the University Women's Hospital Basel, Switzerland between 1990 and 2009. RESULTS: In 137 patients, LR was diagnosed without a history of DM: in-breast/thoracic wall only, n = 90 (65.7%); involvement of axillary/supra-/infraclavicular lymph nodes, n = 47 (34.3%). DM was found at the time of diagnosis of LR in 44 patients (32.1%). Concurrent diagnosis of LR and DM occurred significantly more often in patients with lymph node recurrence compared with those with in-breast/chest wall recurrence (48.9% vs. 23.3%; p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one-third of patients with a LR had synchronous DM at the time of their local/locoregional event. For this reason, routine systemic staging imaging at the time of LR should be an absolute requirement for planning further therapy. Confirmation of DM may spare the patients radical surgical interventions with questionable impact on survival in the face of an incurable disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/secundário , Carcinoma Lobular/secundário , Linfonodos/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Parede Torácica/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Lobular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Lobular/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Parede Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Parede Torácica/cirurgia
13.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 176(2): 481-482, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152325

RESUMO

The article Second International Consensus Conference on lesions of uncertain malignant potential in the breast (B3 lesions), written by Christoph J Rageth, Elizabeth AM O'Flynn, Katja Pinker, Rahel A Kubik-Huch, Alexander Mundinger, Thomas Decker, Christoph Tausch, Florian Dammann, Pascal A. Baltzer, Eva Maria Fallenberg, Maria P Foschini, Sophie Dellas, Michael Knauer, Caroline Malhaire, Martin Sonnenschein, Andreas Boos, Elisabeth Morris, Zsuzsanna Varga, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on November 30, 2018 without open access.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(5): 1254-1262, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the presence of residual breast tissue (RBT) after skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and to analyse patient- and therapy-related factors associated with RBT. Skin-sparing mastectomy and NSM are increasingly used surgical procedures. Prospective data on the completeness of breast tissue resection is lacking. However, such data are crucial for assessing oncologic safety of risk-reducing and curative mastectomies. METHODS: Between April 2016 and August 2017, 99 SSM and 61 NSM were performed according to the SKINI-trial protocol, under either curative (n = 109) or risk-reducing (n = 51) indication. After breast removal, biopsies from the skin envelope (10 biopsies per SSM, 14 biopsies per NSM) were taken in predefined radial localizations and assessed histologically for the presence of RBT and of residual disease. RESULTS: Residual breast tissue was detected in 82 (51.3%) mastectomies. The median RBT percentage per breast was 7.1%. Of all factors considered, only type of surgery (40.4% for SSM vs. 68.9% for NSM; P < 0.001) and surgeon (P < 0.001) were significantly associated with RBT. None of the remaining factors, e.g., skin flap necrosis, was associated significantly with RBT. Residual disease was detected in three biopsies. CONCLUSIONS: Residual breast tissue is commonly observed after SSM and NSM. In contrast, invasive or in situ carcinomas are rarely found in the skin envelope. Radicality of mastectomy in this trial is not associated with increased incidence of skin flap necrosis. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03470909.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/métodos , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Mamilos/cirurgia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 174(2): 279-296, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30506111

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The second International Consensus Conference on B3 lesions was held in Zurich, Switzerland, in March 2018, organized by the International Breast Ultrasound School to re-evaluate the consensus recommendations. METHODS: This study (1) evaluated how management recommendations of the first Zurich Consensus Conference of 2016 on B3 lesions had influenced daily practice and (2) reviewed current literature towards recommendations to biopsy. RESULTS: In 2018, the consensus recommendations for management of B3 lesions remained almost unchanged: For flat epithelial atypia (FEA), classical lobular neoplasia (LN), papillary lesions (PL) and radial scars (RS) diagnosed on core-needle biopsy (CNB) or vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB), excision by VAB in preference to open surgery, and for atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) and phyllodes tumors (PT) diagnosed at VAB or CNB, first-line open surgical excision (OE) with follow-up surveillance imaging for 5 years. Analyzing the Database of the Swiss Minimally Invasive Breast Biopsies (MIBB) with more than 30,000 procedures recorded, there was a significant increase in recommending more frequent surveillance of LN [65% in 2018 vs. 51% in 2016 (p = 0.004)], FEA (72% in 2018 vs. 62% in 2016 (p = 0.005)), and PL [(76% in 2018 vs. 70% in 2016 (p = 0.04)] diagnosed on VAB. A trend to more frequent surveillance was also noted also for RS [77% in 2018 vs. 67% in 2016 (p = 0.07)]. CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive management of B3 lesions (except ADH and PT) with VAB continues to be appropriate as an alternative to first-line OE in most cases, but with more frequent surveillance, especially for LN.


Assuntos
Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/cirurgia , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Tumor Filoide/patologia , Tumor Filoide/cirurgia , Vigilância da População , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
16.
Breast Cancer ; 26(4): 452-458, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30591993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk assessment and therapeutic options are challenges when counselling patients with an atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) to undergo either open surgery or follow-up only. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a series of ADH lesions and assessed whether the morphological parameters of the biopsy materials indicated whether the patient should undergo surgery. A total of 207 breast biopsies [56 core needle biopsies (CNBs) and 151 vacuum-assisted biopsies (VABs)] histologically diagnosed as ADH were analyzed retrospectively, together with subsequently obtained surgical specimens. All histological slides were re-analyzed with regard to the presence/absence of ADH-associated calcification, other B3 lesions (lesion of uncertain malignant potential), extent of the lesion, and the presence of multifocality. RESULTS: The overall underestimation rate for the whole cohort was 39% (57% for CNB, 33% for VAB). In the univariate analysis, the method of biopsy (CNB vs VAB, p = 0.002) and presence of multifocality in VAB specimens (p = 0.0176) were significant risk factors for the underestimation of the disease (ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive cancer detected on subsequent open biopsy). In the multivariate logistic regression model, the absence of calcification (p = 0.0252) and the presence of multifocality (unifocal vs multifocal ADH, p = 0.0147) in VAB specimens were significant risk factors for underestimation. CONCLUSIONS: Multifocal ADH without associated calcification diagnosed by CNB tends to have a higher upgrade rate. Because the upgrade rate was 16.5% even in the group with the lowest risk (VAB-diagnosed unifocal ADH with calcification), we could not identify a subgroup that would not require an open biopsy.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Calcinose/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vácuo
17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 172(3): 523-537, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30182349

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Indications for nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) have broadened to include the risk reducing setting and locally advanced tumors, which resulted in a dramatic increase in the use of NSM. The Oncoplastic Breast Consortium consensus conference on NSM and immediate reconstruction was held to address a variety of questions in clinical practice and research based on published evidence and expert panel opinion. METHODS: The panel consisted of 44 breast surgeons from 14 countries across four continents with a background in gynecology, general or reconstructive surgery and a practice dedicated to breast cancer, as well as a patient advocate. Panelists presented evidence summaries relating to each topic for debate during the in-person consensus conference. The iterative process in question development, voting, and wording of the recommendations followed the modified Delphi methodology. RESULTS: Consensus recommendations were reached in 35, majority recommendations in 24, and no recommendations in the remaining 12 questions. The panel acknowledged the need for standardization of various aspects of NSM and immediate reconstruction. It endorsed several oncological contraindications to the preservation of the skin and nipple. Furthermore, it recommended inclusion of patients in prospective registries and routine assessment of patient-reported outcomes. Considerable heterogeneity in breast reconstruction practice became obvious during the conference. CONCLUSIONS: In case of conflicting or missing evidence to guide treatment, the consensus conference revealed substantial disagreement in expert panel opinion, which, among others, supports the need for a randomized trial to evaluate the safest and most efficacious reconstruction techniques.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia Subcutânea/métodos , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Subcutânea/efeitos adversos , Necrose , Mamilos/patologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia
18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 25(9): 2632-2640, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29948418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies and a meta-analysis showed that fibrin sealant patches reduced lymphatic drainage after various lymphadenectomy procedures. Our goal was to investigate the impact of these patches on drainage after axillary dissection for breast cancer. METHODS: In a phase III superiority trial, we randomized patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery at 14 Swiss sites to receive versus not receive three large TachoSil® patches in the dissected axilla. Axillary drains were inserted in all patients. Patients and investigators assessing outcomes were blinded to group assignment. The primary endpoint was total volume of drainage. RESULTS: Between March 2015 and December 2016, 142 patients were randomized (72 with TachoSil® and 70 without). Mean total volume of drainage in the control group was 703 ml [95% confidence interval (CI) 512-895 ml]. Application of TachoSil® did not significantly reduce the total volume of axillary drainage [mean difference (MD) -110 ml, 95% CI -316 to 94, p = 0.30]. A total of eight secondary endpoints related to drainage, morbidity, and quality of life were not improved by use of TachoSil®. The mean total cost per patient did not differ significantly between the groups [34,253 Swiss Francs (95% CI 32,625-35,880) with TachoSil® and 33,365 Swiss Francs (95% CI 31,771-34,961) without, p = 0.584]. In the TachoSil® group, length of stay was longer (MD 1 day, 95% CI 0.3-1.7, p = 0.009), and improvement of pain was faster, although the latter difference was not significant [2 days (95% CI 1-4) vs. 5.5 days (95% CI 2-11); p = 0.2]. CONCLUSIONS: TachoSil® reduced drainage after axillary dissection for breast cancer neither significantly nor relevantly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Drenagem , Fibrinogênio/uso terapêutico , Excisão de Linfonodo , Trombina/uso terapêutico , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação , Idoso , Axila , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Excisão de Linfonodo/economia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Trombina/economia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/economia
19.
Breast ; 39: 19-23, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29518677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accuracy in predicting pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in breast cancer is essential for the determination of therapeutic efficacy and surgical planning. This study aimed to assess the precision of ultrasound (US) for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR = ypT0) after NACT. METHODS: This retrospective mono-center study included 124 invasive breast cancer patients treated with NACT. Patients received US before and after NACT with documentation of clinical partial response (cPR) and clinical complete response (cCR). Post-operatively, the pathologic response was defined as absence of tumor cells (ypT0), presence of non-invasive tumor cells (ypTis) or invasive tumor cells (ypTinv). Sensitivity and specificity of US as well as false negative rate (FNR), negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) were analysed for receptor subtypes. A multivariable logistic regression model assessed the influence of patient- and tumor-associated covariates as predictors for pCR. RESULTS: 50 patients (40.3%) achieved pCR, 39 (78.0%) had a corresponding cCR. Overall sensitivity was 60.8% and specificity 78.0% for US-predicted remission. NPV and FNR differed substantially between subtypes. NPV was highest (75.0%) in triple negative (TN) subtype, while FNR was low (37.5%). Therefore, pathological response was most accurately predicted for TN cancers. NPV for human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-positive/hormone-receptor-positive (HER2+/HR+) was 55.6%, for HER2+/HR- 64.3% and for HER2-/HR+ 16.7%, FNRs were 40.0%, 71.4% and 32.3%, respectively. Receptor subtypes impacted pCR significantly (p-value: 0.0033), cCR correlated positively with pCR (p-value: 0.0026). CONCLUSION: US imaging is insufficient to predict pCR with adequate accuracy. Receptor subtypes, however, affect diagnostic precision of US and pathologic outcome.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Reações Falso-Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 165(1): 139-149, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28578506

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To obtain consensus recommendations for the standardization of oncoplastic breast conserving surgery (OPS) from an international panel of experts in breast surgery including delegates from the German, Austrian and Swiss societies of senology. METHODS: A total of 52 questions were addressed by electronic voting. The panel's recommendations were put into context with current evidence and the report was circled in an iterative open email process until consensus was obtained. RESULTS: The panelists considered OPS safe and effective for improving aesthetic outcomes and broadening the indication for breast conserving surgery (BCS) towards larger tumors. A slim majority believed that OPS reduces the rate of positive margins; however, there was consensus that OPS is associated with an increased risk of complications compared to conventional BCS. The panel strongly endorsed patient-reported outcomes measurement, and recommended selected scales of the Breast-Q™-Breast Conserving Therapy Module for that purpose. The Clough bi-level classification was recommended for standard use in clinical practice for indicating, planning and performing OPS, and the Hoffmann classification for surgical reports and billing purposes. Mastopexy and reduction mammoplasty were the only two recognized OPS procedure categories supported by a majority of the panel. Finally, the experts unanimously supported the statement that every OPS procedure should be tailored to each individual patient. CONCLUSIONS: When implemented into clinical practice, the panel recommendations may improve safety and effectiveness of OPS. The attendees agreed that there is a need for prospective multicenter studies to optimize patient selection and for standardized criteria to qualify and accredit OPS training centers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Mastectomia Segmentar/normas , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia Segmentar/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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